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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088423/effects-of-rumen-protected-capsicum-oleoresin-on-productivity-and-responses-to-a-glucose-tolerance-test-in-lactating-dairy-cows
#1
J Oh, M Harper, F Giallongo, D M Bravo, E H Wall, A N Hristov
The objective of this experiment was to investigate the effects of rumen-protected Capsicum oleoresin (RPC) supplementation on feed intake, milk yield and composition, nutrient utilization, fecal microbial ecology, and responses to a glucose tolerance test in lactating dairy cows. Nine multiparous Holstein cows were used in a replicated 3 × 3 Latin square design balanced for residual effects with three 28-d periods. Each period consisted of 14 d for adaptation and 14 d for data collection and sampling. Treatments were 0 (control), 100, and 200 mg RPC/cow per day...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088408/the-effects-of-adding-fat-to-diets-of-lactating-dairy-cows-on-total-tract-neutral-detergent-fiber-digestibility-a-meta-analysis
#2
K A Weld, L E Armentano
The objective of this meta-analysis was to determine the effects of supplemental fat on fiber digestibility in lactating dairy cattle. Published papers that evaluated the effects of adding fat to the diets of lactating dairy cattle on total-tract neutral detergent fiber digestibility (ttNDFd) and dry matter intake (DMI) were compiled. The final data set included 108 fat-supplemented treatment means, not including low-fat controls, from 38 publications. The fat-supplemented treatment means exhibited a wide range of ttNDFd (49...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087055/graft-modification-of-cotton-with-phosphate-group-and-its-application-to-the-enrichment-of-phosphopeptides
#3
Xiao-Mei He, Xi Chen, Bi-Feng Yuan, Yu-Qi Feng
Grafting copolymerization, especially "grafting from" approach, has attracted a great attention for the preparation of cellulose-based materials with various functionalities. In this study, a novel phosphate group-containing cotton fiber-based material, CF-NH2-AZO-p(VPA-x), was successfully synthesized by a "grafting from" radical polymerization approach using vinyl phosphonic acid (VPA) as monomer. The phosphate group content of CF-NH2-AZO-p(VPA-x) could be easily regulated by adjusting the concentration of VPA monomer...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063240/effect-of-feeding-complete-feed-block-containing-rumen-protected-protein-non-protein-nitrogen-and-rumen-protected-fat-on-improving-body-condition-and-carcass-traits-of-cull-ewes
#4
R S Bhatt, A Sahoo
Nutrient utilization, body condition and carcass traits of cull ewes were studied in three dietary regimens based on complete feed block (CFB) feeding to control (C) with rumen protected protein (RPP), CU [RPP + urea (6 g/kg)] and CUF [RPP + urea + rumen protected fat (RPF; 40 g/kg)]. The RPP component (g/kg) in C had 1% formaldehyde-treated soy flakes 50, mustard cake 50 and sesame cake 30. The mustard and sesame cakes were replaced with urea on equivalent N basis in CU and CUF. The ewes were offered ad libitum CFB composed (g/kg) of concentrate 650, roughage 300 and molasses 50...
January 7, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054966/postprandial-glycemic-and-insulinemic-responses-to-common-breakfast-beverages-consumed-with-a-standard-meal-in-adults-who-are-overweight-and-obese
#5
Jia Li, Elsa Janle, Wayne W Campbell
Breakfast beverages with different nutrient compositions may affect postprandial glycemic control differently. We assessed the effects of consuming (1) common breakfast beverages (water, sugar-sweetened coffee, reduced-energy orange juice (OJ), and low-fat milk (LFM)); and (2) fat-free, low-fat, and whole milk with breakfast on postprandial plasma glucose and insulin responses in adults who were overweight/obese. Forty-six subjects (33F/13M, body mass index: 32.5 ± 0.7 kg/m², age: 50 ± 1 years, mean ± SEMs) consumed a standard sandwich with one of the six beverages on separate mornings in randomized order...
January 4, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054011/data-for-the-size-of-cholesterol-fat-micelles-as-a-function-of-bile-salt-concentration-and-the-physico-chemical-properties-of-six-liquid-experimental-pine-derived-phytosterol-formulations-in-a-cholesterol-containing-artificial-intestine-fluid
#6
Jinsoo Yi, Tine A Knudsen, Anne-Louise Nielsen, Lars Duelund, Morten Christensen, Pablo Hervella, David Needham, Ole G Mouritsen
The data in this paper are additional information to the research article entiltled "Inhibition of cholesterol transport in an intestine cell model by pine-derived phytosterols" (Yi et al.,2016) [1]. The data derived from the measurement on six liquid formulations of commercial pine-derived phytosterol (CPP) by dynamic light scattering. The data cover micelle size and the zeta-potential for formulations with cholesterol including monoglyceride, oleic acid, and bile salt. The data demonstrate the critical effect of the bile salt concentration on the size of cholesterol-digested fat micelles...
February 2017: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052909/naturally-adipose-stromal-cell-enriched-fat-graft-comparative-polychromatic-flow-cytometry-study-of-fat-harvested-by-barbed-or-blunt-multihole-cannula
#7
Alessio Caggiati, Antonia Germani, Anna Di Carlo, Giovanna Borsellino, Maurizio C Capogrossi, Mario Picozza
BACKGROUND: Fat grafts enriched with cells of the stromal vascular fraction (SVF), especially adipose-derived stromal cells (ASCs), exhibit significantly improved retention over non enriched, plain fat. Different types of liposuction cannulae may yield lipoaspirates with different subpopulations of cells. Moreover, preparation of adipose tissue for transplantation typically involves centrifugation, which creates a density gradient of fat. OBJECTIVES: The authors sought to determine whether liposuction with a barbed or smooth cannula altered the enrichment of the SVF, and specifically ASCs, in low-density (LD) and high-density (HD) fractions of centrifuged adipose tissue...
January 3, 2017: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046176/effect-of-different-feeding-regimens-on-energy-and-protein-utilization-and-partitioning-for-maintenance-and-growth-in-pre-weaned-lambs-reared-artificially
#8
A S Danso, P C H Morel, P R Kenyon, H T Blair
Estimation of metabolizable energy (ME) requirement for maintenance (ME) and growth (ME) in pre-weaned lambs have been limited to milk-only fed lambs. This study aimed to determine energy and nitrogen metabolisability of milk and pellets when fed together, compare the growth and chemical body composition of lambs fed varying levels of pellets in addition to milk, and to estimate ME, ME, and the CP:ME ratio requirements for growth. The study included 32 twin-born Romney-cross ram lambs. Four lambs were slaughtered at 24 h post-partum to estimate initial body composition and the remaining 28 were assigned to 1 of 4 treatment groups of 7...
December 2016: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046146/prediction-of-porcine-carcass-iodine-value-based-on-diet-composition-and-fatty-acid-intake
#9
T A Kellner, G G Gourley, S Wisdom, J F Patience
The pig industry uses a variety of fat sources (FS) and fat levels (FL) in diets to increase energy content. The objective was to investigate the impact of FS and FL on rate and efficiency of gain, apparent total tract digestibility of dietary fat, and pork fat composition and test dietary predictors of carcass iodine value (IV). A total of 1,213 pigs (PIC 280 × PIC Camborough 42; PIC, Inc., Hendersonville, TN) with an initial BW of 32.0 ± 0.4 kg were randomly allotted to 1 of 6 dietary treatments on d 0...
December 2016: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045202/raw-mechanically-separated-chicken-meat-and-salmon-protein-hydrolysate-as-protein-sources-in-extruded-dog-food-effect-on-protein-and-amino-acid-digestibility
#10
M T Tjernsbekk, A-H Tauson, O F Kraugerud, Ø Ahlstrøm
Protein quality was evaluated for mechanically separated chicken meat (MSC) and salmon protein hydrolysate (SPH), and for extruded dog foods where MSC or SPH partially replaced poultry meal (PM). Apparent total tract digestibility (ATTD) of crude protein (CP) and amino acids (AA) in the protein ingredients and extruded foods was determined with mink (Neovison vison). The extruded dog foods included a control diet with protein from PM and grain, and two diets where MSC or SPH provided 25% of the dietary CP. Nutrient composition of the protein ingredients varied, dry matter (DM) was 944...
January 3, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045194/the-effect-of-increasing-levels-of-date-palm-phoenix-dactylifera-l-seed-on-the-performance-ruminal-fermentation-antioxidant-status-and-milk-fatty-acid-profile-of-saanen-dairy-goats
#11
M Sharifi, M Bashtani, A A Naserian, H Farhangfar
This study was conducted to examine the effect of date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) seed (DPS) on the performance, ruminal fermentation, antioxidant status and milk fatty acid (FA) profile of dairy goats. Eight multiparous Saanen dairy goats, averaging 97 ± 7 days in milk (DIM) and 2150 ± 130 g of milk production, were used in a 4 × 4 replicated Latin square design. Experimental diets contained 0% (control), 6% (DPS6), 12% (DPS12) and 18% (DPS18) of DPS. Dry matter intake (DMI), milk production, and the composition and digestibility of the dry matter (DM), organic matter (OM), neutral detergent fibre (NDF) and crude protein (CP) were not affected by the diets...
January 3, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035266/simple-and-noninvasive-method-for-assessment-of-digestive-efficiency-validation-of-fecal-steatocrit-in-greenfinch-coccidiosis-model
#12
Richard Meitern, Mari-Ann Lind, Ulvi Karu, Peeter Hõrak
Animals' capability to absorb energy and nutrients from food poses a major internal constraint that affects the amount of resources available for allocation to maintenance, growth, signaling, and reproduction. Intestinal surface is the largest area of contact between immune system and microbial antigens; gut thus appears the main arena where trade-offs between immune function and other components of fitness arise. Assessment of the integrity of digestive machinery should therefore be of high priority in ecophysiological research...
December 2016: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035159/physicochemical-and-sensory-characterization-of-gnocchi-and-the-effects-of-novel-formulation-on-in-vitro-digestibility
#13
Tingting Liu, Nazimah Hamid, Michelle J Y Yoo, Kevin Kantono, Loveena Pereira, Mustafa M Farouk, Scott O Knowles
Conventional gnocchi are small Italian dumplings made from potatoes, flour, and eggs. In this study, a range of gnocchi-type products containing navy bean and beef meat (10-40% w/w) were developed. The nutritional, physicochemical and sensory properties of the formulated gnocchi were determined, and a Modified in vitro Stomach Stir Tank (MISST) system was used to determine in vitro digestibility. Adding meat significantly increased the fat and protein content of cooked gnocchi type products compared to the control sample...
November 2016: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028455/whole-genome-single-nucleotide-polymorphism-snp-marker-discovery-and-association-analysis-with-the-eicosapentaenoic-acid-epa-and-docosahexaenoic-acid-dha-content-in-larimichthys-crocea
#14
Shijun Xiao, Panpan Wang, Linsong Dong, Yaguang Zhang, Zhaofang Han, Qiurong Wang, Zhiyong Wang
Whole-genome single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) markers are valuable genetic resources for the association and conservation studies. Genome-wide SNP development in many teleost species are still challenging because of the genome complexity and the cost of re-sequencing. Genotyping-By-Sequencing (GBS) provided an efficient reduced representative method to squeeze cost for SNP detection; however, most of recent GBS applications were reported on plant organisms. In this work, we used an EcoRI-NlaIII based GBS protocol to teleost large yellow croaker, an important commercial fish in China and East-Asia, and reported the first whole-genome SNP development for the species...
2016: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007570/dysfunctional-oleoylethanolamide-signaling-in-a-mouse-model-of-prader-willi-syndrome
#15
Miki Igarashi, Vidya Narayanaswami, Virginia Kimonis, Pietro M Galassetti, Fariba Oveisi, Kwang-Mook Jung, Daniele Piomelli
Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS), the leading genetic cause of obesity, is characterized by a striking hyperphagic behavior that can lead to obesity, type-2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease and death. The molecular mechanism underlying impaired satiety in PWS is unknown. Oleoylethanolamide (OEA) is a lipid mediator involved in the control of feeding, body weight and energy metabolism. OEA produced by small-intestinal enterocytes during dietary fat digestion activates type-α peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPAR-α) to trigger an afferent signal that causes satiety...
December 19, 2016: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995503/improvement-of-anti-nutritional-effect-resulting-from-%C3%AE-glucanase-specific-expression-in-the-parotid-gland-of-transgenic-pigs
#16
Li-Zeng Guan, Jin-Shun Cai, Shuai Zhao, Yu-Ping Sun, Jing-Lan Wang, Yong Jiang, Gang Shu, Qing-Yan Jiang, Zhen-Fang Wu, Qian-Yun Xi, Yong-Liang Zhang
β-Glucan is the predominant anti-nutritional factors in monogastric animal feed. Although β-glucanase supplementation in diet can help to eliminate the adverse effects, enzyme stability is substantially modified during the feed manufacturing process. To determine whether the expression of endogenous β-glucanase gene (GLU) in vivo can improve digestibility of dietary β-glucan and absorption of nutrients, we successfully produced transgenic pigs via nuclear transfer which express the GLU from Paenibacillus polymyxa CP7 in the parotid gland...
December 19, 2016: Transgenic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995201/effects-of-a-sweetpotato-protein-digest-on-lipid-metabolism-in-mice-administered-a-high-fat-diet
#17
Koji Ishiguro, Rie Kurata, Yoshikazu Shimada, Yoto Sameshima, Takashi Kume
Sweetpotato peptide (SPP) was prepared by enzyme digestion of sweetpotato protein from starch wastewater. Animal experiments assessed the effect of SPP on body weight, abdominal adipose tissue mass, serum lipids and adipocytokines. Body and liver weight and epididymal and mesenteric fat of mice fed a high-fat diet containing 0.5% or 5% SPP for 28 days were significantly lower than control mice. Triglyceride and cholesterol in VLDL and LDL and leptin levels were significantly lower in the serum of SPP-administered mice compared to control mice...
December 2016: Heliyon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993196/milk-fat-globule-epidermal-growth-factor-factor-viii-derived-peptide-msp68-is-a-cytoskeletal-immunomodulator-of-neutrophils-that-inhibits-rac1
#18
Louie Hendricks, Monowar Aziz, Weng-Lang Yang, Jeffrey Nicastro, Gene F Coppa, Marc Symons, Ping Wang
BACKGROUND: Prolonged neutrophil infiltration leads to exaggerated inflammation and tissue damage during sepsis. Neutrophil migration requires rearrangement of their cytoskeleton. Milk fat globule-epidermal growth factor-factor VIII-derived short peptide 68 (MSP68) has recently been shown to be beneficial in sepsis-induced tissue injury and mortality. We hypothesize that MSP68 inhibits neutrophil migration by modulating small GTPase Rac1-dependent cytoskeletal rearrangements. METHODS: Bone marrow-derived neutrophils (BMDNs) or whole lung digest isolated neutrophils were isolated from 8 to 10 wk old C57BL/6 mice by Percoll density gradient centrifugation...
February 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988126/effect-of-high-oleic-acid-soybeans-on-production-performance-milk-fatty-acid-composition-and-enteric-methane-emission-in-dairy-cows
#19
J C Lopes, M T Harper, F Giallongo, J Oh, L Smith, A M Ortega-Perez, S A Harper, A Melgar, D M Kniffen, R A Fabin, A N Hristov
The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of 3 soybean sources differing in fatty acid profile and processing method on productivity, milk composition, digestibility, rumen fermentation, and enteric methane emission in lactating dairy cows. The soybean sources were conventional, high-linoleic-acid variety extruded soybean meal (ESBM; 8.7% ether extract with 15% oleic and 54% linoleic acids); extruded Plenish (DuPont Pioneer, Johnston, IA), high-oleic-acid variety soybean meal (EPSBM; 8.4% ether extract with 73% oleic and 8% linoleic acids); and whole, heated Plenish soybeans (WPSB; 20...
December 14, 2016: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987056/diet-regulates-liver-autophagy-differentially-in-murine-acute-trypanosoma-cruzi-infection
#20
Kezia Lizardo, Vanessa Almonte, Calvin Law, Janeesh Plakkal Aiyyappan, Min-Hui Cui, Jyothi F Nagajyothi
Chagas disease is a tropical parasitic disease caused by the protozoan Trypanosoma cruzi, which affects about ten million people in its endemic regions of Latin America. After the initial acute stage of infection, 60-80% of infected individuals remain asymptomatic for several years to a lifetime; however, the rest develop the debilitating symptomatic stage, which affects the nervous system, digestive system, and heart. The challenges of Chagas disease have become global due to immigration. Despite well-documented dietary changes accompanying immigration, as well as a transition to a western style diet in the Chagas endemic regions, the role of host metabolism in the pathogenesis of Chagas disease remains underexplored...
December 16, 2016: Parasitology Research
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