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Insulin receptor endometrium

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210631/uterine-function-from-normal-to-polycystic-ovarian-syndrome-alterations
#1
Silvana Rocio Ferreira, Alicia Beatriz Motta
BACKGROUND: The endometrium is one of the most important female reproductive organs. Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is a reproductive and endocrine pathology that affect women of reproductive age. PCOS negatively affects the endometrium, leading to implantation failure and proliferative aberrations. METHODS: We conducted a search at the http://www.ncbi.nlm.nhi.gov/pubmed/electronic database using the following key words: endometrial steroid receptors, endometrium, uterine function, endometrium and PCOS, implantation window, implantation and PCOS, implantation markers, inflammation, oxidative stress...
December 5, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946816/effect-of-tnf-%C3%AE-on-molecules-related-to-the-insulin-action-in-endometrial-cells-exposed-to-hyperandrogenic-and-hyperinsulinic-conditions-characteristics-of-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#2
Lorena Oróstica, Paula García, Carolina Vera, Víctor García, Carmen Romero, Margarita Vega
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) affects not only ovarian functions but is also able to affect endometrium metabolism. Around 80% of women with PCOS are obese. High tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α production and low adiponectin levels are characteristics of obesity. Interestingly, endometrium from obese women with PCOS presents an insulin-resistance condition, high TNF-α levels, and low adiponectin levels. However, TNF-α effect on molecules associated with insulin action in endometrial cells remains unclear...
January 1, 2017: Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888597/mechanisms-linking-metabolic-stress-with-innate-immunity-in-the-endometrium
#3
I Martin Sheldon, James G Cronin, Mateusz Pospiech, Matthew L Turner
Bacterial infections of the uterus after parturition are ubiquitous in dairy cattle and often cause uterine disease, such as metritis or endometritis. However, the metabolic stress associated with milk production increases the risk of developing disease. Resolution of bacterial infections requires rapid and robust innate immune responses, which depend on host cell receptors recognizing pathogen-associated molecular patterns, such as lipopolysaccharide (LPS) from gram-negative bacteria. Here, we argue that metabolic stress impairs the inflammatory response to pathogens...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810880/nlrp7-contributes-to-in-vitro-decidualization-of-endometrial-stromal-cells
#4
Jyun-Yuan Huang, Pei-Hsiu Yu, Yueh-Chun Li, Pao-Lin Kuo
BACKGROUND: Nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain (NACHT), leucine rich repeat (LRR) and pyrin domain (PYD) 7 containing protein, NLRP7, is a member of the NLR family which serves as innate immune sensors. Mutations and genetic variants of NLRP7 have been found in women with infertility associated conditions, such as recurrent hydatidiform mole, recurrent miscarriage, and preeclampsia. Decidualization of endometrial stromal cells is a hallmark of tissue remodeling to support embryo implantation and proper placental development...
August 15, 2017: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology: RB&E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758253/mir-182-selectively-targets-hoxa10-in-goat-endometrial-epithelium-cells-in-vitro
#5
L Zhang, X-R Liu, J-Z Liu, Y-X Song, Z-Q Zhou, B-Y Cao
Proper HOXA10 expression was essential for endometrial receptivity what was crucial for successful embryo implantation in mammalian. This study confirmed that miR-182 regulated the expression levels of HOXA10 by binding to its 3' UTR, selectively downregulated HOXA10 in goat endometrial epithelium cells (gEECs) but not stromal cell (gESCs) in vitro. However, HOXA10 and miR-182 both up-expressed in the goat endometrium at gestational day 15 (D15) compared with gestational day 5 (D5), suggesting that there were some other factors regulated the expression of HOXA10 during the development of goat endometrium in vivo...
July 30, 2017: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733350/adiponectin-limits-differentiation-and-trophoblast-invasion-in-human-endometrial-cells
#6
Fabien Duval, Esther Dos Santos, Hadia Moindjie, Valérie Serazin, Nelly Swierkowski-Blanchard, François Vialard, Marie-Noëlle Dieudonné
Successful human embryo implantation requires a proper differentiation of endometrial stromal cells (ESCs) into decidual cells, during a process called decidualization. ESCs express specific molecules, as prolactin, insulin-like growth factor-binding protein-1 (IGFBP-1), and connexin-43. Decidual cells are also involved in the control of trophoblast invasion, by secreting various factors, as matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMPs). Adiponectin is an adipokine with insulin-sensitizing, anti-inflammatory, and anti-proliferative effects...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Molecular Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447735/mice-endometrium-receptivity-in-early-pregnancy-is-impaired-by-maternal-hyperinsulinemia
#7
Runqin Li, Juan Wu, Junlin He, Yingxiong Wang, Xueqing Liu, Xuemei Chen, Chao Tong, Yubin Ding, Yan Su, Wenqi Chen, Chen Zhang, Rufei Gao
Previous studies have investigated the lower embryo implantation rates in women with polycystic ovary syndrome, obesity and type 2 diabetes, and specifically the association between the abnormal oocyte and embryo and hyperinsulinemia. The importance of hyperinsulinemia on maternal endometrium receptivity remains to be elucidated. The present study used a hyperinsulinemic mouse model to determine whether hyperinsulinemia may affect endometrial receptivity. An insulin intervention mouse model was first established...
May 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382153/increased-tet1-expression-in-inflammatory-microenvironment-of-hyperinsulinemia-enhances-the-response-of-endometrial-cancer-to-estrogen-by-epigenetic-modulation-of-gper
#8
Qiao-Ying Lv, Bing-Ying Xie, Bing-Yi Yang, Cheng-Cheng Ning, Wei-Wei Shan, Chao Gu, Xue-Zhen Luo, Xiao-Jun Chen, Zhen-Bo Zhang, You-Ji Feng
Background: Insulin resistance (IR) has been well studied in the initiation and development of endometrial endometrioid carcinoma (EEC). As yet, it has been largely neglected for estrogen sensitivity in local endometrium in hyperinsulinemia-induced systemic microenvironment. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of insulin in regulating estrogen sensitivity and explore the potential mechanisms in insulin-driven inflammatory microenvironment. Methods: We first investigated the effect of insulin on estradiol-driven endometrial cancer cells proliferation in vitro to address the roles of insulin in modulating estrogen sensitivity...
2017: Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259137/chronic-endometritis-modifies-decidualization-in-human-endometrial-stromal-cells
#9
Di Wu, Fuminori Kimura, Luyi Zheng, Mitsuaki Ishida, Yoko Niwa, Kimiko Hirata, Akie Takebayashi, Akiko Takashima, Kentaro Takahashi, Ryoji Kushima, Guangmei Zhang, Takashi Murakami
BACKGROUND: Chronic endometritis (CE) is a continuous inflammation of uterine endometrium, and it is usually symptomless. As CE has been thought not to affect the reproductive status and general health of affected women, its significance has not been explored. However, recent studies have shown that CE is related with repeated implantation failures after in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer, unexplained infertility, and recurrent miscarriages. As decidua differentiates to support the implantation process and maintains the pregnancy, we hypothesized that CE may influence the process of decidualization...
March 4, 2017: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology: RB&E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063235/a-critical-role-for-adiponectin-mediated-development-of-endometrial-luminal-epithelial-cells-during-the-peri-implantation-period-of-pregnancy
#10
Whasun Lim, Myung Jin Choi, Hyocheol Bae, Fuller W Bazer, Gwonhwa Song
Adiponectin is one of the adipokines in the collagen superfamily. It is secreted primarily by white adipocytes and influences reproductive processes including ovarian and uterine functions. Adiponectin regulates energy homeostasis, insulin sensitivity, and is anti-inflammatory in various tissues. Its receptors (ADIPOR1 and ADIPOR2) are widely expressed in mammalian tissues, including porcine conceptuses and endometrial during the estrous cycle and peri-implantation period of pregnancy. However, regulatory effects of adiponectin on endometrial epithelial cells are unknown...
November 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845161/downregulation-of-autophagy-gene-expression-in-endometria-from-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#11
Mirjana Sumarac-Dumanovic, Milica Apostolovic, Kristina Janjetovic, Danka Jeremic, Dusan Popadic, Aleksandar Ljubic, Jelena Micic, Jelena Dukanac-Stamenkovic, Aleksandra Tubic, Darko Stevanovic, Dragan Micic, Vladimir Trajkovic
Autophagy, a process of controlled cellular self-digestion, could be involved in cyclic remodeling of the human endometrium. We investigated endometrial mRNA expression of 23 autophagy-related (ATG) genes and transcription factors in healthy controls (n = 12) and anovulatory polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) patients (n = 24), as well as in their subgroup (n = 12) before and after metformin treatment. The mRNA levels of transcription factor forkhead box protein O1 (FOXO1) and several molecules involved in autophagosome formation (ATG13, RB1-inducible coiled-coil 1), autophagosome nucleation (ATG14, beclin 1, SH3-domain GRB2-like endophilin B1), autophagosome elongation (ATG3, ATG5, γ-aminobutyric acid receptor-associated protein - GABARAP), and delivery of ubiquitinated proteins to autophagosomes (sequestosome 1), were significantly reduced in anovulatory PCOS compared to healthy endometrium...
January 15, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27569685/proinflammatory-environment-and-role-of-tnf-%C3%AE-in-endometrial-function-of-obese-women-having-polycystic-ovarian-syndrome-pcos
#12
L Oróstica, I Astorga, F Plaza-Parrochia, C Vera, V García, R Carvajal, F Gabler, C Romero, M Vega
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: A high percentage of women having PCOS exhibit hyperinsulinemia and obesity. Transforming necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) is an adipokine that increases in obesity and negatively affects insulin action in several tissues, including the endometrium. In fact, it has been reported that insulin signaling is altered in the endometrium of PCOS women, affecting its reproductive function. The aim of this study was to determine the pro-inflammatory environment and TNF-α signaling in endometrium from obese women with PCOS, and also to evaluate the effect of TNF-α on endometrial cell energy homeostasis...
August 29, 2016: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27515096/decreased-expression-of-nr4a-nuclear-receptors-in-adenomyosis-impairs-endometrial-decidualization
#13
Yue Jiang, Ruiwei Jiang, Xi Cheng, Qun Zhang, Yali Hu, Hui Zhang, Yun Cao, Mei Zhang, Junxia Wang, Lijun Ding, Zhenyu Diao, Haixiang Sun, Guijun Yan
STUDY QUESTION: How do NR4A receptors drive decidualization of human endometrial stromal cells (hESCs)? SUMMARY ANSWER: NR4A receptors modulate endometrial decidualization by transcriptional activation of FOXO1A, and in adenomyosis patients, the reduced expression of NR4A receptors in the eutopic endometrium may represent a novel mechanism to explain impaired decidualization and subfertility. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: A close relationship between impaired decidualization and subfertility has been established...
September 2016: Molecular Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27512005/effect-of-adiponectin-on-the-steroidogenic-acute-regulatory-protein-p450-side-chain-cleavage-enzyme-and-3%C3%AE-hydroxysteroid-dehydrogenase-gene-expression-progesterone-and-androstenedione-production-by-the-porcine-uterus-during-early-pregnancy
#14
N Smolinska, K Dobrzyn, M Kiezun, K Szeszko, A Maleszka, T Kaminski
Adiponectin and its receptors are expressed in the human and porcine uterus and this endocrine system has important role in the regulation of reproductive processes. The expression of steroidogenic acute regulatory protein (StAR) and 3β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (HSD3B1) were observed in the human and porcine uterus during the oestrous cycle and pregnancy. The de novo synthesis of steroids in the uterus might be a crucial factor for effective implantation and maintenance of pregnancy. We hypothesized that adiponectin modulates the expression of key enzymes in the synthesis of the steroids: StAR, P450 side chain cleavage enzyme (CYP11A1) and HSD3B1, as well as progesterone (P4) and androstenedione (A4) secretion by the porcine uterus...
June 2016: Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology: An Official Journal of the Polish Physiological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27325575/gestation-related-gene-expression-and-protein-localization-in-endometrial-tissue-of-suffolk-and-cheviot-ewes-at-gestation-day-19-after-transfer-of-suffolk-or-cheviot-embryos
#15
M Sequeira, S J Pain, V de Brun, A Meikle, P R Kenyon, H T Blair
The objective of this study was to investigate the gene expression of progesterone and estrogen receptor α (PR, ERα), insulin-like growth factor (IGF) 1, IGF-2, their receptor (IGFR1), IGF-binding proteins (BP) 1 to 6, insulin receptor, adiponectin receptors (AdipoR1/2), cyclooxygenase 2 (PTGS2), mucin 1 and to localize PR, ERα, IGF-1, IGFR1, PTGS2, and proliferating cellular nuclear antigen (PCNA) in the endometrium of pregnant (Day 19) Suffolk and Cheviot ewes carrying Suffolk and Cheviot embryos transferred within and reciprocally between breeds...
October 1, 2016: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27156350/polycystic-ovary-syndrome-endometrial-markers
#16
REVIEW
Terhi T Piltonen
Women with polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) present with several endometrial abnormalities possibly explaining some of the adverse endometrium-related outcomes in these women. PCOS and an increased miscarriage rate have been suggested to coincide, but the results are conflicting. Recent studies have also shown increased risks of pregnancy-induced hypertension, preeclampsia, and premature delivery that may be related to altered decidualization/placentation in affected women. In the long run, PCOS per se is associated with the occurrence of endometrial cancer (EC), with obesity aggravating the risk...
November 2016: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27125830/insulin-igf-and-sex-hormone-axes-in-human-endometrium-and-associations-with-endometrial-cancer-risk-factors
#17
Melissa A Merritt, Howard D Strickler, Mark H Einstein, Hannah P Yang, Mark E Sherman, Nicolas Wentzensen, Jurriaan Brouwer-Visser, Maria Jose Cossio, Kathleen D Whitney, Herbert Yu, Marc J Gunter, Gloria S Huang
PURPOSE: Experimental and observational data link insulin, insulin-like growth factor (IGF), and estrogens to endometrial tumorigenesis. However, there are limited data regarding insulin/IGF and sex hormone axes protein and gene expression in normal endometrial tissues, and very few studies have examined the impact of endometrial cancer risk factors on endometrial tissue biology. METHODS: We evaluated endometrial tissues from 77 premenopausal and 30 postmenopausal women who underwent hysterectomy for benign indications and had provided epidemiological data...
2016: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27088794/differential-expression-of-ir-a-ir-b-and-igf-1r-in-endometrial-physiology-and-distinct-signature-in-adenocarcinoma
#18
Clare A Flannery, Farrah L Saleh, Gina H Choe, Daryl J Selen, Pinar H Kodaman, Harvey J Kliman, Teresa L Wood, Hugh S Taylor
CONTEXT: Type 2 diabetes and obesity are risk factors for endometrial hyperplasia and cancer, suggesting that hyperinsulinemia contributes to pathogenesis. Insulin action through insulin receptor (IR) splice variants IR-A and IR-B regulates cellular mitogenesis and metabolism, respectively. OBJECTIVE: We hypothesized that IR-A and IR-B are differentially regulated in normal endometrium, according to mitogenic and metabolic requirements through the menstrual cycle, as well as in endometrial hyperplasia and cancer...
July 2016: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26841672/-the-characteristics-of-systemic-and-local-immune-reactions-under-habitual-non-carrying-of-pregnancy
#19
S Yu Yuriev, I S Popova, L R Mustafina, I A Zakonova, A E Sazonov, A B Poletaev
The study was carried out to evaluate clinical informativeness ofstudies of immunological parameters of structural and functional elements of endometrium in complex with profile of embritropic autoimmune antibodies under non-carrying of pregnancy The sampling consisted of 19 women of reproductive age with episodes of non-carrying in first semester. They were examined for inherited thrombophilia and profiles of immune reactivity of natural regulatory auto-antibodies (ELI-P-Complex). The biopsy material of endometrium was subjected to histological and immune histochemical (CD16, CD56, CD68, CB138, estrogen and progesterone receptors) analyses...
October 2015: Klinicheskaia Laboratornaia Diagnostika
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26548420/protective-effects-of-bazedoxifene-paired-with-conjugated-estrogens-on-pancreatic-%C3%AE-cell-dysfunction
#20
Jun Ho Kim, Jin Hyup Lee, Young Jun Kim
Bazedoxifene (BZA) is a novel selective estrogen receptor modulator that exhibits estrogen agonist activity in the bone but estrogen antagonist activity in the breast and uterus. We recently demonstrated that BZA mimics estrogenic actions in reversing metabolic abnormalities while protecting the endometrium from estrogen stimulation in ovariectomized (OVX) mice. However, it is unknown whether BZA, alone or paired with estrogens, can protect pancreatic β-cell function or survival. Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate the preventive effects of estrogens [17β-estradiol or conjugated estrogens (CE)], BZA and their combinations against β-cell failure...
November 6, 2015: Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
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