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Magnesium pain

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156038/reply-to-does-intraoperative-magnesium-lessen-pain-after-knee-replacement-surgery
#1
H-J Shin, S-H Do
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1, 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156037/does-intraoperative-magnesium-lessen-pain-after-knee-replacement-surgery
#2
V R Buswell, T Fregene
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1, 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149143/efficacy-of-magnesium-sulfate-added-to-local-anesthetic-in-a-transversus-abdominis-plane-block-for-analgesia-following-total-abdominal-hysterectomy-a-randomized-trial
#3
Kelany A Abd-Elsalam, Khaled M Fares, Montaser A Mohamed, Mohamed F Mohamed, Ahmad M Abd El-Rahman, Moaaz M Tohamy
BACKGROUND: Major abdominal surgeries are associated with severe pain, which can affect respiratory and cardiac functions if insufficiently treated; this increases postoperative morbidity. OBJECTIVE: We aim at evaluating the efficacy of magnesium sulfate as an adjuvant to local anesthetic in an ultrasound-guided transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block for postoperative analgesia in total abdominal hysterectomy. STUDY DESIGN: A prospective, randomized, double-blinded clinical trial...
November 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109641/comparative-efficacy-of-clonidine-versus-magnesium-sulfate-as-an-adjunct-to-lignocaine-in-intravenous-regional-anesthesia-for-postoperative-analgesia-a-prospective-randomized-double-blind-study
#4
Parminder Kaur, Tanveer Singh Kundra, Dinesh Sood
Background and Aims: Intravenous regional anesthesia (IVRA) is a very good technique to be used in unstable patients. Various adjuvants have been added, but till date, there is no ideal adjuvant. Clonidine is one of the most widely used adjuvants in IVRA. However, it has many side effects. Hence, the search continues for a better adjuvant. The aim of the present study was to compare the efficacy of clonidine versus MgSO4 as an adjunct to lignocaine in IVRA for postoperative analgesia and to compare their side effect profile...
July 2017: Journal of Anaesthesiology, Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100524/effect-of-ketamine-combined-with-magnesium-sulfate-in-neuropathic-pain-patients-ketapain-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Noémie Delage, Véronique Morel, Pascale Picard, Fabienne Marcaillou, Bruno Pereira, Gisèle Pickering
BACKGROUND: Neuropathic pain is difficult to treat, and the efficacy of recommended drugs remains limited. N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors are implicated, and antagonists are a pharmacological option. Ketamine is widely used in French pain clinics, but without consensus or recommendations. Furthermore, the association of ketamine with magnesium has been poorly studied. The aim of the present study is to evaluate the benefit of ketamine with or without magnesium in refractory neuropathic pain...
November 3, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049110/evidence-for-the-efficacy-of-systemic-opioid-sparing-analgesics-in-pediatric-surgical-populations-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Alyssa Zhu, Hubert A Benzon, T Anthony Anderson
While a large number of studies has examined the efficacy of opioid-sparing analgesics in adult surgical populations, fewer studies are available to guide postoperative pain treatment in pediatric patients. We systematically reviewed available publications on the use of systemic nonopioid agents for postoperative analgesia in pediatric surgical populations. A comprehensive literature search identified meta-analyses and randomized controlled trials (RCTs) assessing the effects of systemic, nonopioid agents on postoperative narcotic requirements or pain scores in pediatric surgical populations...
November 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032916/combination-of-magnesium-sulphate-and-ropivacaine-epidural-analgesia-for-hip-arthroplasty-in-dogs
#7
Elena Lardone, Bruno Peirone, Chiara Adami
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine whether lumbosacral epidural administration of magnesium sulphate added to ropivacaine prolongs and improves perioperative analgesia, without adverse effects on motor block duration or hind limb neurological function, in dogs undergoing hip arthroplasty. STUDY DESIGN: Investigator-blind, controlled, randomized, prospective clinical trial. ANIMALS: A group of 20 client-owned dogs undergoing hip arthroplasty were allocated randomly to either group C (control, 1 mg kg(-1)epidural ropivacaine) or group M (magnesium, epidural injection of 1 mg kg(-1) ropivacaine and 2 mg kg(-1)magnesium sulphate)...
June 16, 2017: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993757/painful-and-prolonged-muscle-cramps-following-insulin-injections-in-a-patient-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-revisiting-the-1992-duke-case
#8
Rami A Ballout, Asma Arabi
A 56-year-old middle-eastern male with a long-standing history of poorly controlled type 2 diabetes mellitus presented to us complaining of severely painful bilateral upper and lower extremity cramps occurring shortly after his rapid-acting insulin analog injection(s). The cramps had started 6 months ago and have been occurring intermittently in non-predictable episodes since then. He had otherwise never experienced any insulin-related adverse reaction(s) before. His cramps are very painful and debilitating, interfering with his daily activities and placing him in a state of constant fear/anxiety of re-experiencing them...
2017: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975069/the-analgesic-efficacy-of-intrathecal-bupivacaine-and-fentanyl-with-added-neostigmine-or-magnesium-sulphate
#9
Mehrdad Mokaram Dori, Farid Foruzin
BACKGROUND: An appropriate anesthesia duration with minimal side effects and prolonged postoperative analgesia are the ideal characteristics of an intrathecal drug used during spinal anesthesia. Neostigmine and magnesium sulphate have been used as spinal anesthetic additives with narcotics and local anesthetics. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to assess the analgesic properties of intrathecal neostigmine and magnesium sulphate by adding them to intrathecal bupivacaine-fentanyl...
December 2016: Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944412/a-head-to-head-comparison-of-4-l-polyethylene-glycol-and-low-volume-solutions-before-colonoscopy-which-is-the-best-a-multicentre-randomized-trial
#10
Vladimir Kojecky, Jan Matous, Radan Keil, Milan Dastych, Radek Kroupa, Zdena Zadorova, Michal Varga, Jiri Dolina, Milan Kment, Ales Hep
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to compare the efficacy and tolerability of polyethylene glycol (PEG) to sodium picosulfate/magnesium citrate (SPMC) and low-volume polyethylene glycol/ascorbic acid (PEGA) in a single- or split-dose regimen for colonoscopy bowel preparation. METHODS: This was a prospective, randomized, endoscopist-blinded, multicentre study. Outpatients received either PEG or SPMC or PEGA in a single or a split dose before the colonoscopy. Quality and tolerability of the preparation and complaints during preparation were recorded...
December 2017: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928572/comparison-of-bupivacaine-plus-magnesium-sulfate-and-ropivacaine-plus-magnesium-sulfate-infiltration-for-postoperative-analgesia-in-patients-undergoing-lumbar-laminectomy-a-randomized-double-blinded-study
#11
Rajib Hazarika, Samit Parua, Dipika Choudhury, Rajesh Kumar Barooah
AIM: The objective of this study was to assess and compare the analgesic duration of local infiltration of bupivacaine plus magnesium sulfate and ropivacaine plus magnesium sulfate for postoperative analgesia in patients undergoing lumbar laminectomy. STUDY DESIGN: A randomized, prospective, double-blinded single hospital, comparative study. METHODS: Sixty adult patients of the American Society of Anesthesiologists physical Status I and II were randomly allocated into two Groups BM and RM, comprising 30 and 31 patients...
July 2017: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928562/nonopioid-dexmedetomidine-dexamethasone-magnesium-adjuvant-to-ropivacaine-caudal-anesthesia-in-pediatric-patients-undergoing-infraumbilical-surgeries-a-comparative-study
#12
Raghavendra Biligiri Sridhar, Sandhya Kalappa, Saraswathi Nagappa
BACKGROUND: Desirable adjuvants to caudal ropivacaine are the one which prolongs analgesia and free of side effects. We compared nonopioid drugs dexmedetomidine, dexamethasone, and magnesium as adjuvants to ropivacaine caudal analgesia in pediatric patients undergoing infraumbilical surgeries. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was done on 128 pediatric patients (3-12-year olds) undergoing infraumbilical surgeries; they were randomly allocated to four groups to receive normal saline, dexmedetomidine 1 μg/kg, dexamethasone 0...
July 2017: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924560/the-effect-of-magnesium-sulfate-on-postoperative-pain-in-upper-limb-surgeries-by-supraclavicular-block-under-ultrasound-guidance
#13
Reza Akhondzade, Sholeh Nesioonpour, Mohammadreza Gousheh, Farhad Soltani, Mohsen Davarimoghadam
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have been conducted to evaluate the effect of different adjuvants on brachial plexus block. OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the effect of adding magnesium sulfate to lidocaine on postoperative pain in upper limb surgeries by supraclavicular brachial plexus block under ultrasound guidance. METHODS: This study was carried out on patients who were candidate for upper limb surgeries. This was a controlled double-blind study conducted on a number of 52 patients aged 18 - 75 years with ASA class I or II...
June 2017: Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920052/the-effect-of-intravenous-magnesium-sulfate-versus-intravenous-sufentanil-on-the-duration-of-analgesia-and-postoperative-pain-in-patients-with-tibia-fracture
#14
Ali Reza Olapour, Ahmad Reza Mohtadi, Mansour Soltanzadeh, Ali Ghomeishi, Reza Akhondzadeh, Maryam Jafari
BACKGROUND: In the recent decades controlling postoperative pain has become a popular topic as it leads to the patients' wellbeing and improved life quality, while it reduces the costs for both patients and medical facilities. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed at comparing intravenous magnesium sulfate versus intravenous sufentanil on the duration of analgesia and postoperative pain in patients undergoing tibia fracture surgery. METHODS: This double blind clinical trial study was performed on 70 candidates of tibia fractures between the ages of 18 and 55 years with American society of anesthesiologists (ASA) class I and II...
April 2017: Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895485/efficacy-of-adjuvant-magnesium-for-posttonsillectomy-morbidity-in-children-a-meta-analysis
#15
Hye Kyung Cho, In Joon Park, Ho Young Yoon, Se Hwan Hwang
Objectives The perioperative administration of magnesium is known to reduce postoperative morbidities in adults, such as pain, agitation, and laryngospasm. The objective is to assess the effects of perioperative magnesium as the adjuvant to tonsillectomy as compared with tonsillectomy in children. Data Source Five databases (PubMed, SCOPUS, Embase, Web of Science, Cochrane). Method Two authors independently searched databases up to January 2017. We compared perioperative magnesium administration (magnesium groups) with no administration of magnesium (control group)...
September 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886613/-acute-monkshood-intoxication-requiring-acute-resuscitation-in-suicidal-intent
#16
Michael Stetzenbach, Boris Schnorbus, Ingo Sagoschen, Werner Bleser, Dominik Legner, Andreas Stürer
We report about an acute monkshood intoxication requiring acute resuscitation in suicidal intent in a 56-year-old patient. The Blue Monkshood (Aconitum napellus) is considered to be the most toxic plant in Europe. All plant parts contain the highly toxic alkonoid aconitin. The lethal dose in adults is 2 - 6 mg. Intoxications are often fatal. Asymptomatic patients with suspected monkshood intoxication should also be monitored on an ICU. First signs of intoxication are paraesthesia in the mouth and throat area, abdominal cramps, nausea, vomiting and severe pain in skeletal muscle...
September 2017: Anästhesiologie, Intensivmedizin, Notfallmedizin, Schmerztherapie: AINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883703/study-to-determine-guidelines-for-pediatric-colonoscopy
#17
Shinichiro Yoshioka, Hidetoshi Takedatsu, Shuhei Fukunaga, Kotaro Kuwaki, Hiroshi Yamasaki, Ryosuke Yamauchi, Atsushi Mori, Hiroshi Kawano, Tadahiro Yanagi, Tatsuki Mizuochi, Kosuke Ushijima, Keiichi Mitsuyama, Osamu Tsuruta, Takuji Torimura
AIM: To investigated characteristics, diagnosis, bowel-cleansing preparation, sedation, and colonoscope length and diameter in Japanese pediatric patients receiving total colonoscopy. METHODS: The present study evaluated consecutive patients aged ≤ 15 years who had undergone their first colonoscopy in Kurume University between January 2007 and February 2015. Data were retrospectively analyzed. We identified 110 pediatric patients who had undergone colonoscopy that had reached the cecum, allowing the observation of the total colon...
August 21, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873075/intraoperative-magnesium-sulphate-decreases-agitation-and-pain-in-patients-undergoing-functional-endoscopic-surgery-a-randomised-double-blind-study
#18
Hazem E Elsersy, Magdy Ch Metyas, Hana A Elfeky, Ahmed A Hassan
BACKGROUND: Postoperative agitation is harmful for the patient as it may be associated with removal of catheters, nasal packs, oxygen masks and self-injury, and pose a danger to operating theatre staff. OBJECTIVE: The current study investigated the potential role of magnesium sulphate in treatment of postoperative agitation following functional endoscopic sinus surgery. DESIGN: A randomised, double-blinded, placebo-controlled trial. SETTING: ENT operating room, Menofia University Hospitals, Egypt...
October 2017: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868303/adjuvants-to-local-anesthetics-current-understanding-and-future-trends
#19
EDITORIAL
Amlan Swain, Deb Sanjay Nag, Seelora Sahu, Devi Prasad Samaddar
Although beneficial in acute and chronic pain management, the use of local anaesthetics is limited by its duration of action and the dose dependent adverse effects on the cardiac and central nervous system. Adjuvants or additives are often used with local anaesthetics for its synergistic effect by prolonging the duration of sensory-motor block and limiting the cumulative dose requirement of local anaesthetics. The armamentarium of local anesthetic adjuvants have evolved over time from classical opioids to a wide array of drugs spanning several groups and varying mechanisms of action...
August 16, 2017: World Journal of Clinical Cases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835974/-hypercalcemic-crisis-and-hypocalcemic-tetany
#20
REVIEW
C Kasperk
A serum calcium level >3.5 mmol/l together with clinical symptoms such as muscle weakness, fatigue, nausea, vomiting, pancreatitis or even coma are characteristic for a hypercalcemic crisis (HC). Primary hyperparathyroidism (1HPT) and malignancy-associated hypercalcemia are the most frequent causal diseases for a HC. The analysis of serum levels for calcium, phosphorous, intact parathyroid hormone, electrophoresis and renal function parameters indicate which further radiological, scintigraphic or serum diagnostic steps are adequate to identify the cause of the patient's acute situation (i...
October 2017: Der Internist
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