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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910087/menstrual-migraine-and-treatment-options-review
#1
REVIEW
Kasra Maasumi, Stewart J Tepper, Jennifer S Kriegler
OBJECTIVE: A review of treatment options for menstrual migraine. BACKGROUND: Migraine affects ∼30 million people in the US. A subset of female migraineurs have migraines that are mainly associated with menstruation. Menstrual migraine (MM) is divided into pure MM and menstrually related migraine. Pure MM attacks occur only with menstruation and have a prevalence of 1%. Menstrually related migraine has a prevalence of 6-7%, and occurs both during menstruation as well as during the rest of the cycle...
December 2, 2016: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901095/analgesic-effect-and-safety-of-single-dose-intra-articular-magnesium-after-arthroscopic-surgery-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Chao Zeng, Yu-Sheng Li, Jie Wei, Dong-Xing Xie, Xi Xie, Liang-Jun Li, Shu-Guang Gao, Wei Luo, Yi-Lin Xiong, Wen-Feng Xiao, Guang-Hua Lei
To examine the analgesic effect and safety of single-dose intra-articular (IA) magnesium (Mg) after arthroscopic surgery. Pubmed, Embase and Cochrane library were searched through in January 2016. Eight RCTs and eight experimental studies were included. The IA Mg exhibited a significantly lower pain score when compared with placebo (MD, -0.41, 95% CI, -0.78 to -0.05, p = 0.03). There was no significant difference between Mg and bupivacaine in terms of pain relief and the time to first analgesic request...
November 30, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884758/magnesium-enhances-opioid-induced-analgesia-what-we-have-learnt-in-the-past-decades
#3
REVIEW
Magdalena Bujalska-Zadrożny, Jan Tatarkiewicz, Kamila Kulik, Małgorzata Filip, Marek Naruszewicz
Opioids are increasingly used in alleviating pain, including cancer-related pain and postoperative pain. Unfortunately, the development of tolerance, the resistance of neuropathic pain on opioid analgesia or other undesirable effects may limit their utility. In order to reduce opioid doses, and thereby to avoid the risk of side effects and sudden deaths due to overdosing, attempts have been made to introduce co-analgesics. Due to an increasing amount of data concerning a potential enhance of opioid analgesia by the physiological antagonist of N-methyl-d-aspartate receptors, magnesium ions (Mg(2+)), a concomitant use of such a combination seems to be interesting from a clinical point of view...
November 21, 2016: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869245/predictors-of-early-return-to-work-after-a-coronary-artery-bypass-graft-surgery-cabg
#4
Ramin Mehrdad, Noroja Ghadiri Asli, Gholamreza Pouryaghoub, Maryam Saraei, Firoozeh Salimi, Mostafa Nejatian
OBJECTIVES: Identifying factors predictive of early return to work in patients who underwent a coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Two hundred twenty-six working patients who volunteered and underwent a primary coronary artery bypass surgery between September 2013 and May 2014 were selected for the study and followed up for 6 months. Predictors of early return to work (RTW) (within 2 months) were analyzed from variables in a prospectively collected database and the 36-Item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36) questionnaire carried out in the hospital and rehabilitation center as well as from the follow-up performed via the phone...
November 18, 2016: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866449/effect-of-magnesium-sulfate-on-morphine-activity-retention-to-control-pain-after-herniorrhaphy
#5
Sedigheh Nadri, Hormoz Mahmoudvand, Sepideh Vahabi
AIM: This research was carried out to compare magnesium sulfate (MgSO4) with isotonic saline in terms of pain control after herniorrhaphy. PATIENTS & METHODS: A randomized double-blind study, in which the patients were blind to all. A total of 100 patients who were candidates of herniorrhaphy were randomized into two groups: experimental and control (50 patients in each). Anesthesia was induced with 20% of 4 cc of morphine. The experimental and control group received postoperative 20% of 2 cc MgSO4 in 2 cc of isotonic saline and 4 cc of isotonic saline, respectively...
November 21, 2016: Pain Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853692/comparison-of-the-analgesic-effect-of-paracetamol-and-magnesium-sulfate-during-surgeries
#6
Navid Kalani, Mohammad Sadegh Sanie, Hasan Zabetian, Mohammad Radmehr, Reza Sahraei, Hossein Kargar Jahromi, Hadi Zare Marzouni
BACKGROUND: New drugs are increasingly used to induce analgesia during surgeries. This study compared the analgesic effects of paracetamol and magnesium sulfate. METHODS: Sixty patients with American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) class I or II patients who were candidates for surgery of the lower limbs were randomly divided into three equal groups who were age and gender matched. Group 1 received paracetamol, and group 2, the magnesium sulfate during surgery and group 3 as the control...
September 2016: World Journal of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792736/micronized-organic-magnesium-salts-enhance-opioid-analgesia-in-rats
#7
Magdalena Bujalska-Zadrożny, Kamila Kulik, Michał Ordak, Małgorzata Sasinowska-Motyl, Emilia Gąsińska, Anna de Corde, Agnieszka Kowalczyk, Mariusz Sacharczuk, Marek Naruszewicz
PURPOSE: As previously reported, magnesium sulphate administered parenterally significantly increased an opioid antinociception in different kinds of pain. Since the typical form of magnesium salts are poorly and slowly absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract we examined whether their micronized form could increase opioids induced antinociception. METHODS: In behavioural studies on rats morphine, tramadol and oxycodone together with magnesium (lactate dihydrate, hydroaspartate, chloride) in micronized (particles of size D90 < 50 μm) and conventional forms were used...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792212/postoperative-analgesia-for-elective-total-knee-arthroplasty-under-subarachnoid-anesthesia-with-opioids-comparison-between-epidural-femoral-block-and-adductor-canal-block-techniques-with-and-without-perineural-adjuvants-a-prospective-randomized-clinical-trial
#8
José R Ortiz-Gómez, Marta Perepérez-Candel, José M Vázquez-Torres, José M Rodriguez-Del Río, Berta Torrón-Abad, Inocencia Fornet-Ruiz, Francisco J Palacio-Abizanda
BACKGROUND: Optimal control of acute postoperative pain and prevention of chronic persistent pain in total knee arthroplasty (TKA) remain a challenge. The main hypothesis was that nerve blocks improve postoperative analgesia especially if perineural adjuvants are added. METHODS: Immediate postoperative pain (24 h) was evaluated every hour in 639 patients using a verbal rating 11-point scale for patient self-reporting of pain (VRS-11). All patients received subarachnoid anesthesia and were randomly allocated in 8 groups: control group, epidural (EA) and single shots femoral (FNB) or adductor canal blocks (ACB), both with and without adjuvants: dexamethasone (+Dexa) or dexmedetomidine (+Dexm)...
October 28, 2016: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787936/magnesium-sulphate-for-postoperative-complications-in-children-undergoing-tonsillectomies-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
Xie Min, L I Xiang-Kui, Peng Yu
OBJECTIVE: Previous systematical reviews showed that systemic magnesium decreased postoperative pain and reduced morphine use without any reported serious adverse effects in adults. However studies in children yielded different results. So we conducted a systematic review to evaluate the impact of magnesium sulphate on postoperative complications in Children undergoing tonsillectomies. METHODS: The PubMed, EMbase via OVID, CENTRAL, WHO ICTRP were searched to identify randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that addressed the effect of magnesium for postoperative pain, agitation and complications in children undergoing tonsillectomies...
September 8, 2016: Journal of Evidence-based Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761040/a-comparison-of-intraperitoneal-bupivacaine-tramadol-with-bupivacaine-magnesium-sulphate-for-pain-relief-after-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-a-prospective-randomised-study
#10
Anurag Yadava, Sunil K Rajput, Sarika Katiyar, Rajnish K Jain
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: In laparoscopic surgeries, intraperitoneal instillation of local anaesthetics and opioids is gaining popularity, for better pain relief. This study compared the quality and duration of post-operative analgesia using intraperitoneal tramadol plus bupivacaine (TB) or magnesium plus bupivacaine (MB). METHODS: In this study, 186 patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy were randomly divided into two groups: group TB received intraperitoneal tramadol with bupivacaine and group MB received intraperitoneal magnesium sulphate (MgSO4) with bupivacaine...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27739204/intravenous-magnesium-not-effective-in-sickle-cell-pain-crises
#11
Joe McArdle, Georgie Tiller
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27732774/acute-gastric-injury-caused-by-undissolved-sodium-picosulfate-magnesium-citrate-powder
#12
Eun Young Ze, Chang Hwan Choi, Jeong Wook Kim
Sodium picosulfate/magnesium citrate (SPMC) is a widely used oral bowel cleansing agent considered to be relatively safe. However, partially dissolved or undissolved SPMC powder may cause severe injuries of the esophagus and stomach. We report a very rare case of acute gastric injury without esophageal damage caused by the ingestion of undissolved SPMC powder. A 69-year-old man experienced epigastric pain after swallowing SPMC powder without dissolving it in water in preparation for a screening colonoscopy...
October 12, 2016: Clinical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27729319/pain-management-after-outpatient-shoulder-arthroscopy-a-systematic-review-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#13
William J Warrender, Usman Ali M Syed, Sommer Hammoud, William Emper, Michael G Ciccotti, Joseph A Abboud, Kevin B Freedman
BACKGROUND: Effective postoperative pain management after shoulder arthroscopy is a critical component to recovery, rehabilitation, and patient satisfaction. PURPOSE: This systematic review provides a comprehensive overview of level 1 and level 2 evidence regarding postoperative pain management for outpatient arthroscopic shoulder surgery. STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review. METHODS: We performed a systematic review of the various modalities reported in the literature for postoperative pain control after outpatient shoulder arthroscopy and analyzed their outcomes...
October 11, 2016: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27723172/antinociceptive-effect-of-systemically-administered-dipyrone-metamizol-magnesium-chloride-or-both-in-a-murine-model-of-cancer
#14
B E Brito, E Vazquez, P Taylor, Y Alvarado, H Vanegas, A Millan, V Tortorici
BACKGROUND: Opioid effectiveness to treat cancer pain is often compromised by the development of tolerance and the occurrence of undesirable side effects, particularly during long-term treatment. Hence, the search for more efficient analgesics remains a necessity. The main goal of this study was to relieve neuropathic symptoms associated with tumour growth by administering the non-opioid analgesic dipyrone (DIP) alone or in combination with magnesium chloride (MgCl2 ), an adjuvant that blocks the NMDA receptor channel...
October 10, 2016: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27687800/participation-of-peripheral-trpv1-trpv4-trpa1-and-asic-in-a-magnesium-sulfate-induced-local-pain-model-in-rat
#15
Dragana Srebro, Sonja Vučković, Milica Prostran
We previously showed that magnesium sulfate (MS) has systemic antinociceptive and local peripheral pronociceptive effects. The role of transient receptor potential (TRP) channels and acid-sensing ion channels (ASICs) in the mechanism of action of MS has not been investigated in detail. The aim of this study was to explore the participation of TRP channels in the pronociceptive action of MS in rats after its intraplantar injection. The paw withdrawal threshold (PWT) to mechanical stimuli was measured by the electronic von Frey test...
December 17, 2016: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27687417/magnesium-sulfate-improves-postoperative-analgesia-in-laparoscopic-gynecologic-surgeries-a-double-blind-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Angela M Sousa, Giovanna M C Rosado, Jose de S Neto, Gabriel M N Guimarães, Hazem A Ashmawi
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to compare the analgesic effect of intravenous infusion of magnesium sulfate to ketorolac during laparoscopic surgeries. DESIGN: Double-blind randomized controlled trial. SETTING: University-affiliated teaching hospital. PATIENTS: Sixty women submitted to laparoscopic gynecologic oncology surgeries. INTERVENTIONS: Intravenous ketorolac 30 mg in bolus followed by saline infusion (group K), intravenous magnesium sulfate 20 mg/kg in bolus followed by magnesium 2 mg kg(-1) h(-1) (group M) or intravenous saline solution 20 mL in bolus followed by saline infusion during the entire procedure (group S)...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27662061/an-update-in-the-endoscopic-management-of-gastric-cancer
#17
Samuel Han, Andrew Hsu, Wahid Y Wassef
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Gastric cancer remains a leading cause of mortality worldwide and gastroenterologists are playing an increasingly larger role in its management. This article reviews the endoscopic management of gastric cancer, with emphasis on recent advances in the field. RECENT FINDINGS: Long-term studies comparing surgery and endoscopic resection for early gastric cancer have shown no difference in 10-year survival rates. Second-look endoscopy, performed 2 days after endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) to address the concern of delayed bleeding, may not affect rebleeding rates...
November 2016: Current Opinion in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27648185/the-effect-of-intravenous-magnesium-sulfate-infusion-on-reduction-of-pain-after-abdominal-hysterectomy-under-general-anesthesia-a-double-blind-randomized-clinical-trial
#18
Mohammad Hossein Jarahzadeh, Sina Taghizadeh Harati, Hamideh Babaeizadeh, Elahe Yasaei, Farshid Rahimi Bashar
BACKGROUND: Post-surgical pain is a physiological response to tissue trauma that produces unpleasant physiological effects with manifestations on various organic systems. OBJECTIVE: According to the effect of magnesium sulfate on the N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptor, this study examined the effect of magnesium sulfate on the reduction of pain and the mean amount of narcotics consumed by patients after abdominal hysterectomies. METHODS: This double-blind clinical trial study was performed on 60 patients who had undergone abdominal hysterectomies in Shahid Sadoughi Hospital in Yazd, Iran, from 2013 to 2015...
July 2016: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27643653/hypomagnesemia-is-prevalent-in-patients-undergoing-gynecologic-surgery-by-a-gynecologic-oncologist
#19
Michael A Ulm, Catherine H Watson, Prethi Vaddadi, Jim Y Wan, Joseph T Santoso
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the incidence of and risk factors for hypomagnesemia in patients undergoing gynecologic surgery by a gynecologic oncologist. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed on all patients undergoing surgery for gynecologic pathology from July 2011 to July 2015 by a single surgeon. Demographic data, surgical indication, surgery performed, preoperative laboratory values, postoperative laboratory values, and medical history were examined...
September 2016: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27517842/impact-of-emergency-department-care-on-outcomes-of-acute-pain-events-in-children-with-sickle-cell-disease
#20
Amanda M Brandow, Mark Nimmer, Timothy Simmons, T Charles Casper, Lawrence J Cook, Corrie E Chumpitazi, J Paul Scott, Julie A Panepinto, David C Brousseau
The impact of emergency department (ED) treatment on outcomes of sickle cell disease (SCD) acute pain hospitalizations is not well described. We investigated whether length of stay (LOS) and change in health-related quality of life (HRQL) are affected by initial opioid dose and time to administration. We conducted secondary analyses of data from the randomized-controlled Magnesium for children in Crisis (MAGiC) trial. The primary outcome was LOS. Secondary outcome was change in HRQL, assessed using PedsQL SCD Pain and Hurt and Pain Impact Domains measured in ED and at discharge...
December 2016: American Journal of Hematology
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