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Kexin Hua, Huilin Li, Huanchun Chen, Mohamed Frahat Foda, Rui Luo, Hui Jin
Human LSm14A is a key component of processing body (P-body) assembly that mediates interferon-β (IFN-β) production by sensing viral RNA or DNA. To the best of our knowledge, we are the first to report duck LSm14A (duLSm14A) cloning from duck embryo fibroblasts (DEFs). Full-length duLSm14A encoded 461 amino acids and was highly homologous with chicken and swan goose sequences. More interestingly, the duLSm14A mRNA was extensively expressed in all the studied tissues. In DEFs, duLSm14A was localized in the cytoplasm as P-body-like dots...
June 27, 2017: Developmental and Comparative Immunology
Zhen Ding, Liurong Fang, Shuangling Yuan, Ling Zhao, Xunlei Wang, Siwen Long, Mohan Wang, Dang Wang, Mohamed Frahat Foda, Shaobo Xiao
Coronaviruses (CoVs) are a huge threat to both humans and animals and have evolved elaborate mechanisms to antagonize interferons (IFNs). Nucleocapsid (N) protein is the most abundant viral protein in CoV-infected cells, and has been identified as an innate immunity antagonist in several CoVs, including mouse hepatitis virus (MHV) and severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS)-CoV. However, the underlying molecular mechanism(s) remain unclear. In this study, we found that MHV N protein inhibited Sendai virus and poly(I:C)-induced IFN-β production by targeting a molecule upstream of retinoic acid-induced gene I (RIG-I) and melanoma differentiation gene 5 (MDA5)...
July 25, 2017: Oncotarget
Huilin Li, Hui Jin, Yaqian Li, Dejian Liu, Mohamed Frahat Foda, Yunbo Jiang, Rui Luo
Nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain 1 (NOD1) is an imperative cytoplasmic pattern recognition receptor (PRR) and considered as a key member of the NOD-like receptor (NLR) family which plays a critical role in innate immunity through sensing microbial components derived from bacterial peptidoglycan. In the current study, the full-length of duck NOD1 (duNOD1) cDNA from duck embryo fibroblasts (DEFs) was cloned. Multiple sequence alignment and phylogenetic analysis demonstrated that duNOD1 exhibited a strong evolutionary relationship with chicken and rock pigeon NOD1...
April 19, 2017: Developmental and Comparative Immunology
Safaa El Shanawany, Nermine Foda, Doaa I Hashad, Naglaa Salama, Zahraa Sobh
Occupational exposure to antimony has gained much interest when specific toxic effects were noticed among workers processing antimony. Thus, the aim of the present work was to investigate the potential DNA oxidative damage occurring among Egyptian workers occupationally exposed to antimony trioxide. The study was conducted on 25 subjects exposed to antimony trioxide while working in the polymerization process of polyester in Misrayon and Polyester Fiber Company, KafrEldawwar, Beheira, Egypt. Urinary antimony levels were assessed using inductive coupled plasma-optical emission spectrometry (ICP-OES) and considered as a biological exposure index...
May 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Hussein D Foda, Anthony Brehm, Karen Goldsteen, Norman H Edelman
BACKGROUND: Prescriber disagreement is among the reasons for poor adherence to COPD treatment guidelines; it is yet not clear whether this leads to adverse outcomes. We tested whether undertreatment according to the original Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD) guidelines led to increased exacerbations. METHODS: Records of 878 patients with spirometrically confirmed COPD who were followed from 2005 to 2010 at one Veterans Administration (VA) Medical Center were analyzed...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Xinyu Zhu, Liurong Fang, Dang Wang, Yuting Yang, Jiyao Chen, Xu Ye, Mohamed Frahat Foda, Shaobo Xiao
Porcine deltacoronavirus (PDCoV) causes acute enteric disease and mortality in seronegative neonatal piglets. Previously we have demonstrated that PDCoV infection suppresses the production of interferon-beta (IFN-β), while the detailed mechanisms are poorly understood. Here, we demonstrate that nonstructural protein 5 (nsp5) of PDCoV, the 3C-like protease, significantly inhibits Sendai virus (SEV)-induced IFN-β production by targeting the NF-κB essential modulator (NEMO), confirmed by the diminished function of NEMO cleaved by PDCoV...
February 2017: Virology
Abd Al-Rahman Mohammad Foda, Mie Ali Mohammad, Azza Abdel-Aziz, Amira Kamal El-Hawary
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2016: Pathology
Abd Al-Rahman Mohammad Foda, Mie Ali Mohammad
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2016: Pathology
Abd AlRahman Mohammad Foda, Khaled Refaat Zalata, Mohamed Farouk Elshal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2016: Pathology
Víctor Daniel Rosenthal, Hail M Al-Abdely, Amani Ali El-Kholy, Safa A Aziz AlKhawaja, Hakan Leblebicioglu, Yatin Mehta, Vineya Rai, Nguyen Viet Hung, Souha Sami Kanj, Mona Foda Salama, Estuardo Salgado-Yepez, Naheed Elahi, Rayo Morfin Otero, Anucha Apisarnthanarak, Braulio Matias De Carvalho, Bat Erdene Ider, Dale Fisher, Maria Carmen S G Buenaflor, Michael M Petrov, Ana Marcela Quesada-Mora, Farid Zand, Vaidotas Gurskis, Tanja Anguseva, Aamer Ikram, Daisy Aguilar de Moros, Wieslawa Duszynska, Nepomuceno Mejia, Florin George Horhat, Vladislav Belskiy, Vesna Mioljevic, Gabriela Di Silvestre, Katarina Furova, Gloria Y Ramos-Ortiz, May Osman Gamar Elanbya, Hindra Irawan Satari, Umesh Gupta, Tarek Dendane, Lul Raka, Humberto Guanche-Garcell, Bijie Hu, Denis Padgett, Kushlani Jayatilleke, Najla Ben Jaballah, Eleni Apostolopoulou, Walter Enrique Prudencio Leon, Alejandra Sepulveda-Chavez, Hector Miguel Telechea, Andrew Trotter, Carlos Alvarez-Moreno, Luis Kushner-Davalos
BACKGROUND: We report the results of International Nosocomial Infection Control Consortium (INICC) surveillance study from January 2010-December 2015 in 703 intensive care units (ICUs) in Latin America, Europe, Eastern Mediterranean, Southeast Asia, and Western Pacific. METHODS: During the 6-year study period, using Centers for Disease Control and Prevention National Healthcare Safety Network (CDC-NHSN) definitions for device-associated health care-associated infection (DA-HAI), we collected prospective data from 861,284 patients hospitalized in INICC hospital ICUs for an aggregate of 3,506,562 days...
December 1, 2016: American Journal of Infection Control
Floyd J Thompson, Jiamei Hou, Prodip K Bose
Successful therapy for TBI disabilities awaits refinement in the understanding of TBI neurobiology, quantitative measurement of treatment-induced incremental changes in recovery trajectories, and effective translation to human TBI using quantitative methods and protocols that were effective to monitor recovery in preclinical models. Details of the specific neurobiology that underlies these injuries and effective quantitation of treatment-induced changes are beginning to emerge utilizing a variety of preclinical and clinical models (for reviews see (Morales et al...
2016: Methods in Molecular Biology
Wael K A Hussein, Hossam M T Foda
The pollybeak deformity is one of the commonest causes of revision rhinoplasty. The Middle Eastern nose has certain criteria that predispose to the development of pollybeak deformity. The aim of this study is to detect the factors contributing to the development of pollybeak deformity in the Middle Eastern nose and methods used to prevent as well as to treat such deformity. Out of the 1,160 revision patients included in this study, 720 (62%) patients had a pollybeak deformity. The commonest contributing factors included underprojected tip with poor support in 490 (68%) patients, excessive supratip scarring in 259 (36%) patients, overresected bony dorsum in 202 (28%) patients, and high anterior septal angle in 173 (24%) patients...
August 2016: Facial Plastic Surgery: FPS
Hossam M T Foda
The soft-tissue triangle is one of the least areas attended to in rhinoplasty. Any postoperative retraction, notching, or asymmetries of soft triangles can seriously affect the rhinoplasty outcome. A good understanding of the risk factors predisposing to soft triangle deformities is necessary to prevent such problems. The commonest risk factors in our study were the wide vertical domal angle between the lateral and intermediate crura, and the increased length of intermediate crus. Two types of soft triangle grafts were described to prevent and treat soft triangle deformities...
August 2016: Facial Plastic Surgery: FPS
Hossam M T Foda
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Facial Plastic Surgery: FPS
Chenchen Zou, Mohamed Frahat Foda, Xuecai Tan, Kang Shao, Long Wu, Zhicheng Lu, Hagar Shendy Bahlol, Heyou Han
Copper (Cu(2+)) is physiologically essential, but excessive Cu(2+) may cause potential risk to plants and animals due to the bioaccumulative properties. Hence, sensitive recognition is crucial to avoid overintake of Cu(2+), and visual recognition is more favored for practical application. In this work, a dual-emission ratiometric fluorescent nanoprobe was developed possessing the required intensity ratio, which can facilitate the sensitive identification of Cu(2+) by the naked eye. The probe hybridizes two fluorescence nanodots (quantum dots (QDs) and carbon dots (CDs))...
July 19, 2016: Analytical Chemistry
Abd AlRahman Mohammad Foda, Amira Kamal El-Hawary, Hazem Hamed
CRC is a heterogeneous disease in terms of morphology, invasive behavior, metastatic capacity, and clinical outcome. Recently, many so-called mesothelial markers, including calretinin, D2-40, WT1, thrombomodulin, mesothelin, and others, have been certified. The aim of this study was to assess the immunohistochemical expression of calretinin and other mesothelial markers (D2-40 and mesothelin) in colorectal mucinous adenocarcinoma (MA) and non mucinous adenocarcinoma (NMA) specimens and relation to clinicopathological features and prognosis using manual tissue microarray technique...
October 2016: Pathology Oncology Research: POR
Mohamed Taha, Mohamed Foda, Esmaeil Shahsavari, Arturo Aburto-Medina, Eric Adetutu, Andrew Ball
The main source of energy supply worldwide is generated from fossil fuels, which undoubtedly are finite and non-environmental friendly resources. Bioethanol generated from edible resources also has economic and environmental concerns. Despite the immense attention to find an alternative (inedible) source of energy in the last two decades, the total commercial production of 1st generation biofuels is limited and equivalent only to approximately 3% of the total road transport fuel consumption. Lignocellulosic waste represents the most abundant biomass on earth and could be a suitable candidate for producing valuable products including biofuels...
April 2016: Current Opinion in Biotechnology
Nadia A Hasaneen, Jian Cao, Ashleigh Pulkoski-Gross, Stanley Zucker, Hussein D Foda
BACKGROUND: Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a chronic progressively fatal disease. Extracellular Matrix Metalloproteinase Inducer (EMMPRIN) is a glycosylated transmembrane protein that induces the expression of some matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) in neighboring stromal cells through direct epithelial-stromal interactions. EMMPRIN is highly expressed in type II alveolar epithelial cells at the edges of the fibrotic areas in IPF lung sections. However, the exact role of EMMPRIN in IPF is unknown...
February 17, 2016: Respiratory Research
Mohamed E Mashaly, Mabrouk I Ismail, Esam E Lotfy, Ahmed F Donia, Ihab W Wafa, Mohamed A Foda, Ahmed A Denewar, Mohamed H Abbas, Ahmed A Shokeir
OBJECTIVES: Renal allograft function and graft survival depends on many factors, including the source of the graft, immunologic matching between donor and recipient, incidence of acute rejection, and recurrence of the original kidney disease. This work aimed to evaluate the effects of the original kidney disease on patient and graft survival. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective, single-center study that included 2189 kidney transplant recipients who were transplanted at The Urology and Nephrology Centre, Mansoura University, between 1976 and 2010...
April 2016: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
Haifaa Hassan Al-Mousa, Abeer Aly Omar, Víctor Daniel Rosenthal, Mona Foda Salama, Nasser Yehia Aly, Mohammad El-Dossoky Noweir, Flavie Maria Rebello, Dennis Malungcot Narciso, Amani Fouad Sayed, Anu Kurian, Sneha Mary George, Amna Mostafa Mohamed, Ruby Jose Ramapurath, Suga Thomas Varghese
BACKGROUND: To report the results of the International Infection Control Consortium (INICC) study conducted in Kuwait from November 2013-March 2015. METHODS: A device-associated health care-acquired infection (DA-HAI) prospective surveillance study in 7 adult, pediatric, and neonatal intensive care units (ICUs) using the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's (CDC's) National Healthcare Safety Network (NHSN) definitions and INICC methods. RESULTS: We followed 3,732 adult and pediatric patients for 21,611 bed days and 671 neonatal patients for 4,515 bed days...
April 1, 2016: American Journal of Infection Control
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