keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

West Africa

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333950/willingness-to-pay-for-an-ebola-vaccine-during-the-2014-2016-ebola-outbreak-in-west-africa-results-from-a-u-s-national-sample
#1
Julia E Painter, Michael E von Fricken, Suyane Viana de O Mesquita, Ralph J DiClemente
The 2014-2016 Ebola virus outbreak in West Africa led to advances in the development of vaccines against Ebola. This study examined factors associated with willingness to pay for an Ebola vaccine among a U.S. national sample during the recent Ebola outbreak. From April 30-May 8, 2015, a national survey was conducted using the GfK Group's KnowlegePanel®. Main outcome measures included willingness to pay at least $1; more than $50; and more than $100 for an Ebola vaccine. Analyses were conducted using weighted multivariable logistic regression...
January 15, 2018: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329280/status-of-hiv-epidemic-control-among-adolescent-girls-and-young-women-aged-15-24-years-seven-african-countries-2015-2017
#2
Kristin Brown, Daniel B Williams, Steve Kinchen, Suzue Saito, Elizabeth Radin, Hetal Patel, Andrea Low, Stephen Delgado, Owen Mugurungi, Godfrey Musuka, Beth A Tippett Barr, E Amaka Nwankwo-Igomu, Leala Ruangtragool, Avi J Hakim, Thokozani Kalua, Rose Nyirenda, Gertrude Chipungu, Andrew Auld, Evelyn Kim, Danielle Payne, Nellie Wadonda-Kabondo, Christine West, Elizabeth Brennan, Beth Deutsch, Anteneh Worku, Sasi Jonnalagadda, Lloyd B Mulenga, Kumbutso Dzekedzeke, Danielle T Barradas, Haotian Cai, Sundeep Gupta, Stanley Kamocha, Margaret A Riggs, Karampreet Sachathep, Wilford Kirungi, Joshua Musinguzi, Alex Opio, Sam Biraro, Elizabeth Bancroft, Jennifer Galbraith, Herbert Kiyingi, Mansoor Farahani, Wolfgang Hladik, Edith Nyangoma, Choice Ginindza, Zandile Masangane, Fortune Mhlanga, Zandile Mnisi, Pasipamire Munyaradzi, Amos Zwane, Sean Burke, Felix B Kayigamba, Harriet Nuwagaba-Biribonwoha, Ruben Sahabo, Trong T Ao, Chiara Draghi, Caroline Ryan, Neena M Philip, Fausta Mosha, Aroldia Mulokozi, Phausta Ntigiti, Angela A Ramadhani, Geoffrey R Somi, Cecilia Makafu, Veronicah Mugisha, Julius Zelothe, Kayla Lavilla, David W Lowrance, Rennatus Mdodo, Elizabeth Gummerson, Paul Stupp, Kyaw Thin, Koen Frederix, Stefania Davia, Amee M Schwitters, Stephen D McCracken, Yen T Duong, David Hoos, Bharat Parekh, Jessica E Justman, Andrew C Voetsch
In 2016, an estimated 1.5 million females aged 15-24 years were living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in Eastern and Southern Africa, where the prevalence of HIV infection among adolescent girls and young women (3.4%) is more than double that for males in the same age range (1.6%) (1). Progress was assessed toward the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) 2020 targets for adolescent girls and young women in sub-Saharan Africa (90% of those with HIV infection aware of their status, 90% of HIV-infected persons aware of their status on antiretroviral treatment [ART], and 90% of those on treatment virally suppressed [HIV viral load <1,000 HIV RNA copies/mL]) (2) using data from recent Population-based HIV Impact Assessment (PHIA) surveys in seven countries...
January 12, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329244/infant-development-at-the-age-of-6-months-in-relation-to-feeding-practices-iron-status-and-growth-in-a-peri-urban-community-of-south-africa
#3
Marinel Rothman, Mieke Faber, Namukolo Covic, Tonderayi M Matsungo, Marike Cockeran, Jane D Kvalsvig, Cornelius M Smuts
BACKGROUND: Evidence on the association between feeding practices, iron deficiency, anaemia, stunting, and impaired psychomotor development during infancy is limited. This study assessed the association between psychomotor development with early feeding practices, growth, iron status, and anaemia. METHODS: This was cross-sectional baseline data of a randomised controlled trial which included 6-month-old infants and their mothers or primary caregivers (n = 750) in a peri-urban community in the North West province of South Africa...
January 12, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328977/skin-lightening-practices-among-female-high-school-students-in-ghana
#4
M Osei, M Ali, A Owusu, F Baiden
OBJECTIVE: The practice of skin lightening (SL) persist despite warnings about its harmful health effects. Adolescents are particularly vulnerable and at risk of prolonged use of SL products. We explored SL practices among high school students in Ghana, West Africa. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. METHODS: We used a self-administered questionnaire in a survey on SL practices among randomly selected female students in five Senior High Schools in the Brong Ahafo Region of Ghana...
January 9, 2018: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327375/impact-of-hiv-aids-epidemic-on-human-capital-development-in-west-africa
#5
Rasaki Stephen Dauda
West Africa occupies the third position with respect to the burden of human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) globally, after Southern and East Africa. About 5 million adults and children are infected with the disease in the subregion, while HIV prevalence in the general population hovers around 2% and 5%. This paper attempts to investigate the impact of HIV/AIDS epidemic on human capital development in 11 West African countries over the period 1990 to 2011. The study used a dynamic panel data modeling approach, using first difference, difference generalized methods of moment, and system generalized methods of moment estimating techniques...
January 12, 2018: International Journal of Health Planning and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326981/adaptation-required-to-preserve-future-high-end-river-flood-risk-at-present-levels
#6
Sven N Willner, Anders Levermann, Fang Zhao, Katja Frieler
Earth's surface temperature will continue to rise for another 20 to 30 years even with the strongest carbon emission reduction currently considered. The associated changes in rainfall patterns can result in an increased flood risk worldwide. We compute the required increase in flood protection to keep high-end fluvial flood risk at present levels. The analysis is carried out worldwide for subnational administrative units. Most of the United States, Central Europe, and Northeast and West Africa, as well as large parts of India and Indonesia, require the strongest adaptation effort...
January 2018: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325561/workforce-patterns-in-the-prevention-of-mother-to-child-transmission-of-hiv-in-c%C3%A3-te-d-ivoire-a-qualitative-model
#7
Brianne H Rowan, Julia Robinson, Adam Granato, Claire Konan Bla, Seydou Kouyaté, Guy Vincent Djety, Kouamé Abo, Ahoua Koné, Stephen Gloyd
BACKGROUND: Côte d'Ivoire continues to struggle with one of the highest rates of mother-to-child HIV transmission in West Africa, previously thought to be in part due to suboptimal workforce patterns. This study aimed to understand the process through which workforce patterns impact prevention of mother-to child transmission of HIV (PMTCT) program success, from the perspective of healthcare workers in Côte d'Ivoire. METHODS: A total of 142 semi-structured interviews were conducted with physicians, midwives, nurses, community counselors, social workers, pharmacists, management personnel and health aides from a nationally representative sample of 48 PMTCT sites across Côte d'Ivoire...
January 11, 2018: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325025/towards-an-understanding-of-resilience-responding-to-health-systems-shocks
#8
Johanna Hanefeld, Susannah Mayhew, Helena Legido-Quigley, Frederick Martineau, Marina Karanikolos, Karl Blanchet, Marco Liverani, Esther Yei Mokuwa, Gillian McKay, Dina Balabanova
The recent outbreak of Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) in West Africa has drawn attention to the role and responsiveness of health systems in the face of shock. It brought into sharp focus the idea that health systems need not only to be stronger but also more 'resilient'. In this article, we argue that responding to shocks is an important aspect of resilience, examining the health system behaviour in the face of four types of contemporary shocks: the financial crisis in Europe from 2008 onwards; climate change disasters; the EVD outbreak in West Africa 2013-16; and the recent refugee and migration crisis in Europe...
January 9, 2018: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321868/global-mtdna-genetic-structure-and-hypothesized-invasion-history-of-a-major-pest-of-citrus-diaphorina-citri-hemiptera-liviidae
#9
Yufa Luo, Ingi Agnarsson
The Asian citrus psyllid Diaphorina citri Kuwayama is a key pest of citrus as the vector of the bacterium causing the "huanglongbing" disease (HLB). To assess the global mtDNA population genetic structure, and possible dispersal history of the pest, we investigated genetic variation at the COI gene collating newly collected samples with all previously published data. Our dataset consists of 356 colonies from 106 geographic sites worldwide. High haplotype diversity (H-mean = 0.702 ± 0.017), low nucleotide diversity (π-mean = 0...
January 2018: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321624/strong-trans-pacific-break-and-local-conservation-units-in-the-galapagos-shark-carcharhinus-galapagensis-revealed-by-genome-wide-cytonuclear-markers
#10
Diana A Pazmiño, Gregory E Maes, Madeline E Green, Colin A Simpfendorfer, E Mauricio Hoyos-Padilla, Clinton J A Duffy, Carl G Meyer, Sven E Kerwath, Pelayo Salinas-de-León, Lynne van Herwerden
The application of genome-wide cytonuclear molecular data to identify management and adaptive units at various spatio-temporal levels is particularly important for overharvested large predatory organisms, often characterized by smaller, localized populations. Despite being "near threatened", current understanding of habitat use and population structure of Carcharhinus galapagensis is limited to specific areas within its distribution. We evaluated population structure and connectivity across the Pacific Ocean using genome-wide single-nucleotide polymorphisms (~7200 SNPs) and mitochondrial control region sequences (945 bp) for 229 individuals...
January 11, 2018: Heredity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321308/sustained-specific-and-cross-reactive-t-cell-responses-to-zika-and-dengue-viruses-ns3-in-west-africa
#11
Bobby Brooke Herrera, Wen-Yang Tsai, Charlotte A Chang, Donald J Hamel, Wei-Kung Wang, Yichen Lu, Souleymane Mboup, Phyllis J Kanki
Recent studies on the role of T cells in Zika virus (ZIKV) infection have shown that T cell responses to Asian ZIKV infection are important for protection, and that previous Dengue virus (DENV) exposure amplifies the protective T cell response to Asian ZIKV. Human T cell responses to African ZIKV infection, however, remain unexplored. Here, we utilized the modified anthrax toxin delivery system to develop a flavivirus ELISPOT. Using human ZIKV and DENV samples from Senegal, West Africa, our results demonstrate specific and cross-reactive T cell responses to nonstructural protein 3 (NS3)...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321016/long-lasting-insecticidal-net-use-and-its-associated-factors-in-limmu-seka-district-south-west-ethiopia
#12
Mitiku Teshome Hambisa, Tessema Debela, Yadeta Dessie, Tesfaye Gobena
BACKGROUND: Many countries in sub-Saharan Africa, including Ethiopia, are focusing on the distribution of Long Lasting Insecticidal Nets (LLINs) to combat malaria. However, utilization of the LLIN is low when compared with LLIN possession because of various factors. This study was conducted to measure the actual LLIN usage and identify factors associated with its utilization in Limmu Seka District, South West Ethiopia. METHODS: A community based cross-sectional survey was conducted among 830 households from December 25, 2011 to February 29, 2012...
January 10, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318993/a-case-of-severe-plasmodium-falciparum-malaria-co-infected-with-hiv-improved-with-exchange-transfusion
#13
Ayşe Sağmak Tartar, Ayhan Akbulut, Ömür Gökmen Sevindik, Hatice Handan Akbulut, Kutbeddin Demirdağ
In our country, within years, despite a dramatic drop in the number of patients with malaria, a dramatic increase in the number of patients with import malaria is noteworthy. A 32-year-old male patient presented with fever, shivering, malaise, and loss of appetite. He had travelled to West Africa. Laboratory findings were as follows: hemoglobin: 8.8 g/dL and anti-HIV: positive. Microscopic examinations of thin blood smears and thick blood preparations revealed widespread trophozoites. The presence of double-dotted ring forms and banana-shaped gametocytes resulted in Plasmodium falciparum malaria being diagnosed...
December 2017: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313508/evaluation-of-transfusion-practices-in-sickle-cell-disease-in-senegal-cohort-study-of-1078-patients-with-sickle-cell-disease
#14
M Seck, A Tall, B F Faye, D Sy Bah, Y Guéye, A Sall, A O Touré, S Diop
Blood transfusion is an essential therapeutic tool in the treatment of sickle cell disease. Its indications and modalities vary from one country to another as a function of the clinical severity of the disease and the availability of blood products. This study seeks to evaluate the frequency and modalities of blood transfusions as well as their indications in patients with sickle cell syndrome at the Dakar hematology department from 1995 through 2015. This retrospective study reviewed the records of a cohort of 1078 patients with SS, SC, Sβ0 and Sβ + thalassemia sickle cell syndromes and collected data about the type of blood products, indications, modalities, and acute transfusion complications...
November 1, 2017: Médecine et Santé Tropicales
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313499/telecommunications-companies-and-health-in-west-africa-the-issues
#15
R Ankri, M-H Maroune
West Africa still faces important public health issues today: improving the health infrastructure, compensating for the lack of medical personnel, and bringing the rural "lost-to-follow-up" population into an inclusive healthcare system. At the same time, the boom in the mobile telephone market is providing important business opportunities for telecommunications companies in this field, leading to the rapid propagation of eHealth solutions. Thus, the telecom companies' technical innovations enable the creation of digital health solutions adapted to the specific needs of the West African market...
November 1, 2017: Médecine et Santé Tropicales
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310704/mapping-insecticide-resistance-in-anopheles-gambiae-s-l-from-c%C3%A3-te-d-ivoire
#16
Soromane Camara, Alphonsine A Koffi, Ludovic P Ahoua Alou, Kouakou Koffi, Jean-Paul K Kabran, Aboubacar Koné, Mathieu F Koffi, Raphaël N'Guessan, Cédric Pennetier
BACKGROUND: Insecticide resistance in malaria vectors is an increasing threat to vector control tools currently deployed in endemic countries. Resistance management must be an integral part of National Malaria Control Programmes' (NMCPs) next strategic plans to alleviate the risk of control failure. This obviously will require a clear database on insecticide resistance to support the development of such a plan. The present work gathers original data on insecticide resistance between 2009 and 2015 across Côte d'Ivoire in West Africa...
January 8, 2018: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310571/knowledge-perceptions-and-media-use-of-the-dutch-general-public-and-healthcare-workers-regarding-ebola-2014
#17
Lianne G C Schol, Madelief Mollers, Corien M Swaan, Desirée J M A Beaujean, Albert Wong, Aura Timen
BACKGROUND: The Ebola outbreak in West-Africa triggered risk communication activities to promote adequate preventive behaviour in the Netherlands. Our study investigated the level of knowledge, perceptions, and media use regarding Ebola. METHODS: In December 2014, an online questionnaire was administered to the Dutch population (n = 526) and Health Care Workers (HCW) (n = 760). RESULTS: The mean knowledge score (range 0-15) of HCW (m = 13...
January 8, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309964/a-framework-to-assess-landscape-structural-capacity-to-provide-regulating-ecosystem-services-in-west-africa
#18
Justice Nana Inkoom, Susanne Frank, Klaus Greve, Christine Fürst
The Sudanian savanna landscapes of West Africa are amongst the world's most vulnerable areas to climate change impacts. Inappropriate land use and agriculture management practices continuously impede the capacity of agricultural landscapes to provide ecosystem services (ES). Given the absence of practical assessment techniques to evaluate the landscape's capacity to provide regulating ES in this region, the goal of this paper is to propose an integrative assessment framework which combines remote sensing, geographic information systems, expert weighting and landscape metrics-based assessment...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306614/emergency-nurses-and-department-preparedness-for-an-ebola-outbreak-a-narrative-literature-review
#19
REVIEW
Mihirika Sds Pincha Baduge, Julia Morphet, Cheryle Moss
INTRODUCTION: The 2014 Ebola Virus Disease outbreak in West Africa triggered a public health emergency of international concern. Emergency departments worldwide responded with Ebola containment and preparation measures. This paper reports a literature inquiry into how emergency departments and emergency nurses prepared to manage the Ebola risk. METHOD: Narrative review was the method used. Guidelines (n = 5) for organisational and emergency department preparedness were retrieved from relevant websites...
January 3, 2018: International Emergency Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305277/amplification-of-perceived-risk-among-users-of-a-national-travel-health-web-site-during-the-2013-2016-west-african-ebola-virus-outbreak
#20
Jakob Petersen, Hilary Simons, Dipti Patel
Timely outbreak information was paramount to public health bodies issuing travel advisories during the 2013-2016 West Africa Ebola virus outbreak. This article explores the potential for a syndromic system/Shewhart control chart based on the online interaction with a national travel health Web site in comparison with searches on the Google UK search engine. The study showed an amplification of perceived risk among users of a national travel health Web site months before the World Health Organization declared the outbreak a Public Health Emergency of International Concern and the initial surge in public interest on Google UK in August 2014...
January 2, 2018: American Journal of Infection Control
keyword
keyword
6297
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"