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M1 polarization

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527905/peroxisome-proliferator-activated-receptor-%C3%AE-mediated-polarization-of-macrophages-in-neospora-caninum-infection
#1
Xuexiu He, Pengtao Gong, Zhengkai Wei, Weijian Liu, Weili Wang, Jianhua Li, Zhengtao Yang, Xichen Zhang
BACKGROUND: Neospora caninum is an apicomplexan parasite closely related Toxoplasma gondii, which causes neurological disease and abortion in multiple animal species. Macrophage polarization plays an important role in host immune responses to parasites infection, such as Toxoplasma gondii, Leishmania, Trypanosoma cruzi. However, the dynamics of macrophage polarization, as well as the possible mechanism that regulate macrophage polarization, during N. caninum infection remains unclear...
May 17, 2017: Experimental Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524175/modulators-of-microglial-activation-and-polarization-after-intracerebral-haemorrhage
#2
REVIEW
Xi Lan, Xiaoning Han, Qian Li, Qing-Wu Yang, Jian Wang
Intracerebral haemorrhage (ICH) is the most lethal subtype of stroke but currently lacks effective treatment. Microglia are among the first non-neuronal cells on the scene during the innate immune response to ICH. Microglia respond to acute brain injury by becoming activated and developing classic M1-like (proinflammatory) or alternative M2-like (anti-inflammatory) phenotypes. This polarization implies as yet unrecognized actions of microglia in ICH pathology and recovery, perhaps involving microglial production of proinflammatory or anti-inflammatory cytokines and chemokines...
May 19, 2017: Nature Reviews. Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515795/a-theoretical-investigation-on-co-oxidation-by-single-atom-catalysts-m1-%C3%AE-al2o3-m-pd-fe-co-and-ni
#3
Tao Yang, Ryoichi Fukuda, Saburo Hosokawa, Tsunehiro Tanaka, Shigeyoshi Sakaki, Masahiro Ehara
Single-atom catalysts have attracted much interest recently because of their excellent stability, high catalytic activity, and remarkable atom efficiency. Inspired by the recent experimental discovery of a highly efficient single-atom catalyst Pd1/γ-Al2O3, we conducted a comprehensive DFT study on geometries, stabilities and CO oxidation catalytic activities of M1/γ-Al2O3 (M=Pd, Fe, Co, and Ni) by using slab-model. One of the most important results here is that Ni1/Al2O3 catalyst exhibits higher activity in CO oxidation than Pd1/Al2O3...
April 7, 2017: ChemCatChem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515690/brain-renin-angiotensin-system-and-microglial-polarization-implications-for-aging-and-neurodegeneration
#4
REVIEW
Jose L Labandeira-Garcia, Ana I Rodríguez-Perez, Pablo Garrido-Gil, Jannette Rodriguez-Pallares, Jose L Lanciego, Maria J Guerra
Microglia can transform into proinflammatory/classically activated (M1) or anti-inflammatory/alternatively activated (M2) phenotypes following environmental signals related to physiological conditions or brain lesions. An adequate transition from the M1 (proinflammatory) to M2 (immunoregulatory) phenotype is necessary to counteract brain damage. Several factors involved in microglial polarization have already been identified. However, the effects of the brain renin-angiotensin system (RAS) on microglial polarization are less known...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507807/host-antitumor-resistance-improved-by-the-macrophage-polarization-in-a-chimera-model-of-patients-with-hcc
#5
Akira Asai, Yusuke Tsuchimoto, Hideko Ohama, Shinya Fukunishi, Yasuhiro Tsuda, Makiko Kobayashi, Kazuhide Higuchi, Fujio Suzuki
Despite major advances in curative and palliative approaches, hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is still the third leading cause of cancer-related death worldwide. M1 macrophages (Mϕ) play a key role in host antitumor defenses in HCC. In our study, CD14(+) cells were isolated from the peripheral blood of four groups of HCC patients (group-1, patients with stage 0 HCC; group-2, patients with stage A HCC; group-3, patients with stage B HCC; and group-4, patients with stage C HCC) and characterized phenotypically...
2017: Oncoimmunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505494/melatonin-protects-mice-against-stress-induced-inflammation-through-enhancement-of-m2-macrophage-polarization
#6
Woo-Jin Yi, Tae Sung Kim
Stress is known to cause neuropsychiatric diseases, and it has a detrimental impact on the function of the immune system. Melatonin (MLT), a pineal gland hormone, exhibits potent anti-inflammatory properties and it plays a fundamental role in neuroimmunomodulation. In the present study, we investigated the molecular mechanisms of MLT in stress-induced inflammation, focusing on macrophage polarization. MLT (50 and 100mg/kg) or a vehicle control (5% ethanol in saline) was intraperitoneally administered to mice once a day for 5days...
May 12, 2017: International Immunopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505446/role-of-the-c-2-h-hydrogen-bond-donor-in-gas-phase-microsolvation-of-imidazole-derivatives-with-roh-r-ch3-c2h5
#7
Aditi Bhattacherjee, Sanjay J Wategaonkar
Although the hydrogen bonding properties of the protic solvents are comparable, a comparison of the gas-phase structures of water with those of the alcohols reveals certain similarities as well as differences. In this work we report the microsolvation studies of imidazole derivatives, Benzimidazole (BIM) and N-methylbenzimidazole (MBIM) by methanol (M) and ethanol (E) in supersonic jet using electronic and vibrational spectroscopy. The cluster sizes up to 1:2 of BIM/MBIM with methanol and ethanol, and up to 1:3 in the case of MBIM-methanol were observed...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501945/macrophage-polarization-differs-between-apical-granulomas-radicular-cysts-and-dentigerous-cysts
#8
Manuel Weber, Tilo Schlittenbauer, Patrick Moebius, Maike Büttner-Herold, Jutta Ries, Raimund Preidl, Carol-Immanuel Geppert, Friedrich W Neukam, Falk Wehrhan
OBJECTIVES: Apical periodontitis can appear clinically as apical granulomas or radicular cysts. There is evidence that immunologic factors are involved in the pathogenesis of both pathologies. In contrast to radicular cysts, the dentigerous cysts have a developmental origin. Macrophage polarization (M1 vs M2) is a main regulator of tissue homeostasis and differentiation. There are no studies comparing macrophage polarization in apical granulomas, radicular cysts, and dentigerous cysts...
May 13, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501914/skermanella-mucosa-sp-nov-isolated-from-crude-oil-contaminated-soil
#9
Y Subhash, Da-Eun Yoon, Sang-Seob Lee
A novel Gram-stain negative, small rod-shaped bacterium (strain 8-14-6(T)) was isolated from hydrocarbon contaminated desert soil collected from Kuwait. Strain 8-14-6(T) grew at 5-37 °C, pH 6.0-8.8 and 0-2% (w/v) of NaCl concentration. Casein, starch, Tween 20 and Tween 80 were hydrolyzed while urea, chitin, DNA and carboxymethyl-cellulose were not hydrolyzed by strain 8-14-6(T). The major cellular fatty acids were identified as C18:1ω6c/C18:1ω7c, C16:0 and iso-C16:1I/C14:03-OH. Strain 8-14-6(T) produced diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylcholine, an unidentified phospholipids, two unidentified lipids and five unidentified amino lipids as polar lipids...
May 13, 2017: Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501649/different-activation-of-monocyte-derived-macrophages-by-antimicrobial-peptides-at-a-titanium-tibial-implantation-in-rabbits
#10
Joanna Wessely-Szponder, Tomasz Szponder, Ryszard Bobowiec
The aim of our study was to assess the functional and morphological features of monocyte derived Mfs from rabbits with titanium (Ti) tibial implants, their ability to polarize towards M1 or M2 and their reactivity after stimulation with neutrophil antimicrobial peptides extract (AMP). The study was conducted on six White New Zealand rabbits with tibial implants of pure titanium Grade 2. Blood was taken before implantation and 14days after biomaterial implantation. Then, blood-derived Mfs were cultured and their function was assessed on the basis of morphological changes, generation of nitric oxide (NO), superoxide, and proteases release after treatment with LPS or dexamethasone (Dex)...
May 6, 2017: Research in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500084/bisphenol-a-promotes-hepatic-lipid-deposition-involving-kupffer-cell-m1-polarization-in-male-mice
#11
Qiong Lv, Rufei Gao, Chuan Peng, Juan Yi, Lulu Liu, Shumin Yang, Danting Li, Jinbo Hu, Ting Luo, Mei Mei, Ying Song, Chaodong Wu, Xiaoqiu Xiao, Qifu Li
Bisphenol A (BPA), as one of the most common environmental endocrine disruptors, is considered to promote hepatic lipid deposition, but the mechanisms has not been fully elucidated. The polarization of Kupffer cells (KCs) plays an important role in hepatic inflammation by promoting pro-inflammatory M1 phenotype (M1KCs), which contributes to dysregulated lipid metabolism. The purpose of this study is to investigate the role of KC polarization in BPA-induced hepatosteatosis in male mice. In this study, we examined hepatic lipid contents and quantified M1KC in BPA-treated CD1 mice, and further explored the interaction between KCs and hepatocytes by using conditional HepG2 cell culture...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500070/cxcr3-1-and-cxcr3-2-differentially-contribute-to-macrophage-polarization-in-teleost-fish
#12
Xin-Jiang Lu, Qiang Chen, Ye-Jing Rong, Feng Chen, Jiong Chen
The study of multiple copies of chemokine receptor genes in various teleosts has long appealed to investigators seeking to understand the evolution of the immune system. The CXCR CXCR3 gene has two isoforms, CXCR3.1 and CXCR3.2, which are both expressed in macrophages. The distinct roles of teleost CXCR3s have not been identified previously. In this article, we found that CXCR3.1 and CXCR3.2 differentially contributed to macrophage polarization in the teleosts: ayu (Plecoglossus altivelis), grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella), and spotted green pufferfish (Tetraodon nigroviridis)...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499970/chitinase1-contributed-to-a-potential-protection-via-microglia-polarization-and-a%C3%AE-oligomer-reduction-in-d-galactose-and-aluminum-induced-rat-model-with-cognitive-impairments
#13
Qian Xiao, Weihua Yu, Qi Tian, Xue Fu, Xia Wang, Min Gu, Yang Lü
Chitinase activity is increased in Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, the role of chitinase1 in AD is unknown. We investigated the effects of chitinase1 on Alzheimer's pathology and microglia function. Artificial chitinase1 and chitinase inhibitor (chitinase-IN-2) were used to determine the effects of chitinase1 on inflammatory factors and β-amyloid (Aβ) oligomer deposition in D-galactose/AlCl3-induced rat model with cognitive impairments. Aβ-treated N9 microglia cells were analyzed to further verify whether the changes in inflammatory factors following chitinase1 treatment were associated with microglia alternative activation...
May 10, 2017: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498622/regulation-of-raw264-7-macrophage-polarization-on-smooth-and-rough-surface-topographies-by-galectin-3
#14
F Kianoush, M Nematollahi, J D Waterfield, D M Brunette
Recognition of topographical features induces phenotypic changes in macrophages although the receptors and signaling pathways are not completely characterized. As integrin molecules in focal adhesions/podosomes are in intimate contact with topography and topography modulates the NFkB pathway through cholesterol enriched raft-associated adhesive signaling structures we hypothesized that a cell-surface signaling complex comprised of galectin-3 together with its ligand CD98 and integrinβ1 is important for topography-directed lineage determination...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494933/comparative-phenotypic-and-functional-analyses-of-the-effects-of-autologous-plasma-and-recombinant-human-macrophage-colony-stimulating-factor-m-csf-on-porcine-monocyte-to-macrophage-differentiation
#15
Giulia Franzoni, Piero Bonelli, Simon Paul Graham, Antonio Giovanni Anfossi, Silvia Dei Giudici, Giovannantonio Pilo, Marco Pittau, Paola Nicolussi, Annalisa Oggiano
Porcine monocyte-derived macrophages (moMΦ) have been employed as a model cell in numerous studies of the porcine immune system. However, the lack of a standardized method for moMΦ differentiation hampers the comparison of results coming from the use of different laboratory protocols. In this study we compared the use of varying concentrations of autologous plasma (10, 20 and 30% v/v) or recombinant human macrophage-colony stimulating factor (hM-CSF; 50, 100, and 200ng/ml) to differentiate porcine monocytes into macrophages...
May 2017: Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494869/mitochondrial-ros-production-protects-the-intestine-from-inflammation-through-functional-m2-macrophage-polarization
#16
Laura Formentini, Fulvio Santacatterina, Cristina Núñez de Arenas, Konstantinos Stamatakis, David López-Martínez, Angela Logan, Manuel Fresno, Ron Smits, Michael P Murphy, José M Cuezva
Mitochondria are signaling hubs in cellular physiology that play a role in inflammatory diseases. We found that partial inhibition of the mitochondrial ATP synthase in the intestine of transgenic mice triggers an anti-inflammatory response through NFκB activation mediated by mitochondrial mtROS. This shielding phenotype is revealed when mice are challenged by DSS-induced colitis, which, in control animals, triggers inflammation, recruitment of M1 pro-inflammatory macrophages, and the activation of the pro-oncogenic STAT3 and Akt/mTOR pathways...
May 9, 2017: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494546/-regulatory-effect-of-bone-marrow-mesenchymal-stem-cells-on-polarization-of-macrophages
#17
Y Hou, X Zhou, W L Cai, C C Guo, Y Han
Objective: To examine the regulatory effect of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSCs) on the polarization of bone marrow-derived macrophages, and to provide a theoretical support for the application of mesenchymal stem cells in the treatment of liver fibrosis. Methods: MSCs and macrophages were first isolated from the bone marrow of mice. Macrophages were polarized to M1 macrophages with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and interferon-γ (IFN-γ), and to M2 macrophages with interleukin-4 (IL-4). The macrophages were then co-cultured with BM-MSCs in a Transwell for 24 h, and changes in the percentages of M1 and M2 macrophages were examined using flow cytometry...
April 20, 2017: Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing za Zhi, Zhonghua Ganzangbing Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490589/roles-of-m1-and-m2-macrophages-in-herpes-simplex-virus-1-infectivity
#18
Dhong Hyun Lee, Homayon Ghiasi
Macrophages are the predominant infiltrate in the corneas of mice that have been ocularly infected withHSV-1. However, very little is known concerning the relative roles of M1 (classically activated or polarized) and M2 (alternatively activated or polarized) macrophages in ocular HSV-1 infection. To better understand these relationships, we assessed the impact of directed M1 or M2 activation of RAW264.7 macrophages and peritoneal macrophages (PM) on subsequent HSV-1 infection. In both the RAW264.7 macrophage and PM in vitro models, HSV-1 replication in M1 macrophages was markedly lower than in M2 macrophages and unstimulated controls...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488064/rhodococcus-gannanensis-sp-nov-a-novel-endophytic-actinobacterium-isolated-from-root-of-sunflower-helianthus-annuus-l
#19
Jun Ma, Liguo Zhang, Guangjin Wang, Shuquan Zhang, Xiaofei Zhang, Yongbin Wang, Chuanqi Shi, Liang Si, Haibin Zhao, Fengqi Liu, Bixian Zhang, Xutang Huang
A novel Gram-positive, aerobic, non-motile strain, designated strain M1(T), was isolated from sunflower root (Helianthus annuus L.) and characterised using a polyphasic taxonomic approach. The morphological and chemotaxonomic properties of the isolate were typical of those of members of the genus Rhodococcus. Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequence showed that strain M1(T) belongs to the genus Rhodococcus and clustered with Rhodococcus canchipurensis MBRL 353(T) (99.1%, sequence similarity) and Rhodococcus pedocola UC12(T) (98...
May 9, 2017: Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483670/role-of-14-3-3%C3%AE-protein-on-cardiac-fatty-acid-metabolism-and-macrophage-polarization-after-high-fat-diet-induced-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#20
Remya Sreedhar, Somasundaram Arumugam, Rajarajan A Thandavarayan, Vengadeshprabhu Karuppagounder, Yusuke Koga, Takashi Nakamura, Meilei Harima, Kenichi Watanabe
Diabetic cardiomyopathy (DCM), a metabolic disorder, is one of the leading causes of mortality around the world and its pathogenesis involves cardiac inflammation and altered metabolic profile. Altered fatty acid metabolism during DCM can cause macrophage polarization in which inflammatory M1 phenotype dominates over the anti-inflammatory M2 phenotype. Hence, it is essential to identify a specific target, which could revert the metabolic profile and thereby reducing the M1 macrophage polarization. 14-3-3η protein has several cellular protective functions especially in the heart as plenty of reports available in various animal models of heart failure including diabetes mellitus...
May 5, 2017: International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology
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