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Phenylacetic acid

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327126/antipyretic-effect-of-herba-ephedrae-ramulus-cinnamomi-herb-pair-on-yeast-induced-pyrexia-rats-a-metabolomics-study
#1
Xiao-Ming Wang, Wen-Jie Xu, Liang-Kui Xu, Shuai Song, Xue-Feng Xing, Jia-Bo Luo
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the antipyretic mechanism of Herba Ephedrae (Eph)-Ramulus Cinnamomi (RC) herb pair on yeast-induced pyrexia in rats. METHODS: Totally 30 qualifified male SD rats were randomly assigned to the normal control (NC) group, the pyrexia model (model) group, the Eph, RC and Eph-RC treatment groups by a random digital table, 6 rats in each group. Each rat received a 20% aqueous suspension of yeast (10 mL/kg) except the NC group. The 3 treatment groups were administered 8...
January 9, 2018: Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303593/pd-catalyzed-remote-meta-c-h-functionalization-of-phenylacetic-acids-using-a-pyridine-template
#2
Zhong Jin, Ling Chu, Yan-Qiao Chen, Jin-Quan Yu
An effective pyridine based U-shaped template has been developed to enable a diverse range of meta-C-H functionalizations of phenylacetic acid scaffolds. This new template has extended the reaction scope to cross-coupling with ArBF3K as well as iodination using 1,3-diiodo-5,5-dimethylhydantoin as the iodination reagent.
January 5, 2018: Organic Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241003/chiral-coalition-in-helical-sense-enhancement-of-copolymers-the-role-of-the-absolute-configuration-of-comonomers
#3
Sandra Arias, Rafael Rodríguez, Emilio Quiñoá, Ricardo Riguera, Felix Freire
Both the role of the absolute configuration and the tendency of a chiral monomer to promote a certain helical scaffold in a polyphenylacetylene (PPA) have been evaluated to study the communication between two chiral monomers within a copolymer chain. 19 different PPA copolymer series -47 helical copolymers altogether- were prepared to explore the existence of a chiral to chiral communication mechanism. From the data obtained, we found that communication between two different chiral monomers emerge when both exhibit two special features: (a) a different conformational composition -one must exist in a single low energy conformation ("chiral Sergeant") and the other must present two conformers ("chiral Soldier")-, and (b) the induction of a similar scaffold in the PPA, either cis-cisoidal or cis-transoidal...
December 14, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236499/mutual-interaction-of-phenolic-compounds-and-microbiota-metabolism-of-complex-phenolic-apigenin-c-and-kaempferol-o-derivatives-by-human-fecal-samples
#4
Maren Vollmer, Selma Esders, Freda M Farquharson, Susanne Neugart, Sylvia Duncan, Monika Schreiner, Petra Louis, Ronald Maul, Sascha Rohn
Human colonic bacteria have an important impact on the biotransformation of flavonoid glycosides and their conversion can result in the formation of bioactive compounds. However, information about the microbial conversion of complex glycosylated flavonoids and the impact on the gut microbiota are still limited. In this study, the ability of different donors' human intestinal microbiota to convert selected flavonoid O- and C-glycosides was evaluated by performing in vitro fermentations. The results show that all flavonoid glycosides were metabolized via their aglycones yielding smaller substances...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188079/structure-based-design-of-functionalized-2-substituted-and-1-2-disubstituted-benzimidazole-derivatives-and-their-in-vitro-antibacterial-efficacy
#5
Olayinka O Ajani, Olayinka O Tolu-Bolaji, Shade J Olorunshola, Yuxia Zhao, Damilola V Aderohunmu
The aim of this present study was to synthesize 2-substituted and 1,2-disubstituted benzimidazole derivatives to investigate their antibacterial diversity for possible future drug design. The structure-based design of precursors 2-(1H-benzimidazol-2-yl)aniline 1, 2-(3,5-dinitro phenyl)-1H-benzimidazole 3 and 2-benzyl-1H-benzimidazole 5 were achieved by the condensation reaction of o-phenylenediamine with anthranilic acid, 3,5-dinitrophenylbenzoic acid, and phenylacetic acid, respectively. The precursors 1, 3 and 5, upon reaction with six different electrophile-releasing agents, furnished the corresponding 2-substituted benzimidazole, 2a-f and 1,2-disubstituted benzimidazole derivatives 4a-f and 6a-f, respectively...
November 2017: Journal of Advanced Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182331/polyoxygenated-steroids-from-the-sponge-clathria-gombawuiensis
#6
Jung-Kyun Woo, Thi Kim Quy Ha, Dong-Chan Oh, Won-Keun Oh, Ki-Bong Oh, Jongheon Shin
Six new polyoxygenated steroids (1-6) along with clathriol (7) were isolated from the Korean marine sponge Clathria gombawuiensis. Based upon the results of combined spectroscopic analyses, the structures of gombasterols A-F (1-6) were elucidated to be those of highly oxygenated steroids possessing a 3β,4α,6α,7β-tetrahydroxy or equivalent (7β-sodium O-sulfonato for 3) substitution pattern and a C-15 keto group as common structural motifs. The relative and absolute configurations of these steroids, including the rare 14β configuration of 1-4, were determined by a combination of NOESY, J-based analyses, the 2-methoxy-2-(trifluoromethyl)phenylacetic acid (MTPA) method, and X-ray crystallographic analysis...
November 28, 2017: Journal of Natural Products
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167933/characterization-of-therapeutic-protein-avidinox-by-an-integrated-analytical-approach
#7
Giuseppe Giannini, Anna Alekseeva, Annamaria Naggi, Laura Salvini, Lorenzo Tei, Rita De Santis
AvidinOX, the oxidized derivative of Avidin, is a chemically modified glycoprotein, being currently under clinical investigation for targeted delivery of radioactive biotin to inoperable tumors. AvidinOX is produced by 4-hydroxyazobenzene-2-carboxylic acid (HABA)-assisted sodium periodate oxidation of Avidin. The peculiar property of the periodate-generated glycol-split carbohydrate moieties to form Schiff's bases with amino groups of the tissue proteins allows to achieve a tissue half-life of 2 weeks compared to 2 h of native Avidin...
November 22, 2017: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163930/cobalt-catalysed-reductive-c-h-alkylation-of-indoles-using-carboxylic-acids-and-molecular-hydrogen
#8
Jose R Cabrero-Antonino, Rosa Adam, Kathrin Junge, Matthias Beller
The direct CH-alkylation of indoles using carboxylic acids is presented for the first time. The catalytic system based on the combination of Co(acac)3 and 1,1,1-tris(diphenylphosphinomethyl)-ethane (Triphos, L1), in the presence of Al(OTf)3 as co-catalyst, is able to perform the reductive alkylation of 2-methyl-1H-indole with a wide range of carboxylic acids. The utility of the protocol was further demonstrated through the C3 alkylation of several substituted indole derivatives using acetic, phenylacetic or diphenylacetic acids...
September 1, 2017: Chemical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147709/four-one-dimensional-lanthanide-phenylacetate-polymers-exhibiting-luminescence-and-magnetic-cooling-spin-glass-behavior
#9
Zhong-Yi Li, Ya-Lan Xu, Xiang-Fei Zhang, Bin Zhai, Fu-Li Zhang, Jian-Jun Zhang, Chi Zhang, Su-Zhi Li, Guang-Xiu Cao
Four isostructural lanthanide coordination polymers with a phenylacetate (PAA(-)) ligand, [Ln(PAA)3(H2O)]n (Ln = Eu (1); Gd (2); Tb (3); Dy (4)), were synthesized under hydrothermal conditions. Complexes 1-4 display a one-dimensional (1D) wave chain structure bridged by the carboxylate of the PAA(-) ligand, which was generated via the in situ decarboxylation of phenylmalonic acid. Magnetic studies suggest the presence of ferromagnetic LnLn coupling in the 1D chain of 1-4. Meanwhile, 2 has a significant cryogenic magnetocaloric effect with the maximum -ΔSm of 26...
November 17, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126019/a-set-of-biogenetically-interesting-polyhalogenated-acetogenins-from-ptilonia-magellanica
#10
Amalia B Gallardo, Mercedes Cueto, Ana R Díaz-Marrero, José M de la Rosa, Victor Fajardo, Aurelio San-Martín, José Darias
Ptilonines A-F, pyranosylmagellanicus D-E and magellenediol are previously undescribed acetogenins isolated from the red alga Ptilonia magellanica. Their structures were determined from spectroscopic evidence. The absolute configuration of the known pyranosylmagellanicus A, was established by derivatization with (R)- and (S)-α-methoxy -α-phenylacetic acids (MPA). Ptilonines exhibit an unusual halogenation pattern, that may confer evolutionary advantages to Ptilonia magellanica, for which a biogenetic origin is proposed...
November 7, 2017: Phytochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080994/regenerative-potential-metabolic-profile-and-genetic-stability-of-brachypodium-distachyon-embryogenic-calli-as-affected-by-successive-subcultures
#11
T C Mamedes-Rodrigues, D S Batista, N M Vieira, E M Matos, D Fernandes, A Nunes-Nesi, C D Cruz, L F Viccini, F T S Nogueira, W C Otoni
Brachypodium distachyon, a model species for forage grasses and cereal crops, has been used in studies seeking improved biomass production and increased crop yield for biofuel production purposes. Somatic embryogenesis (SE) is the morphogenetic pathway that supports in vitro regeneration of such species. However, there are gaps in terms of studies on the metabolic profile and genetic stability along successive subcultures. The physiological variables and the metabolic profile of embryogenic callus (EC) and embryogenic structures (ES) from successive subcultures (30, 60, 90, 120, 150, 180, 210, 240, and 360-day-old subcultures) were analyzed...
October 28, 2017: Protoplasma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030642/saline-is-as-effective-as-nitrogen-scavengers-for-treatment-of-hyperammonemia
#12
G van Straten, M G M de Sain-van der Velden, I M van Geijlswijk, R P Favier, S J Mesu, N E Holwerda-Loof, M van der Ham, H Fieten, J Rothuizen, B Spee, N M Verhoeven-Duif
Urea cycle enzyme deficiency (UCED) patients with hyperammonemia are treated with sodium benzoate (SB) and sodium phenylacetate (SPA) to induce alternative pathways of nitrogen excretion. The suggested guidelines supporting their use in the management of hyperammonemia are primarily based on non-analytic studies such as case reports and case series. Canine congenital portosystemic shunting (CPSS) is a naturally occurring model for hyperammonemia. Here, we performed cross-over, randomized, placebo-controlled studies in healthy dogs to assess safety and pharmacokinetics of SB and SPA (phase I)...
October 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024850/combined-effects-of-fungal-inoculants-and-the-cytokinin-like-growth-regulator-thidiazuron-on-growth-phytohormone-contents-and-endophytic-root-fungi-in-miscanthus%C3%A2-%C3%A3-giganteus
#13
Christoph Stephan Schmidt, Libor Mrnka, Tomaš Frantík, Václav Motyka, Petre I Dobrev, Miroslav Vosátka
Aim of this study was to investigate main effects and interactions between symbiotic fungi and the cytokinin-like growth regulator thidiazuron (TDZ) in Miscanthus × giganteus. The arbuscular mycorrhiza fungus Rhizophagus intraradices (AMF) and the endophyte Piriformospora indica (PI) were chosen as model symbionts. The fungal inoculants and TDZ had no significant effect on plant growth but modulated phytohormone levels in the leaves. TDZ induced accumulation of salicylic acid in controls, but not in plants inoculated with fungi...
September 23, 2017: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018122/the-bvgas-regulon-of-bordetella-pertussis
#14
Kyung Moon, Richard P Bonocora, David D Kim, Qing Chen, Joseph T Wade, Scott Stibitz, Deborah M Hinton
Nearly all virulence factors in Bordetella pertussis are activated by a master two-component system, BvgAS, composed of the sensor kinase BvgS and the response regulator BvgA. When BvgS is active, BvgA is phosphorylated (BvgA~P), and virulence-activated genes (vags) are expressed [Bvg(+) mode]. When BvgS is inactive and BvgA is not phosphorylated, virulence-repressed genes (vrgs) are induced [Bvg(-) mode]. Here, we have used transcriptome sequencing (RNA-seq) and reverse transcription-quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR) to define the BvgAS-dependent regulon of B...
October 10, 2017: MBio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965409/characterization-of-the-key-aroma-compounds-in-white-alba-truffle-tuber-magnatum-pico-and-burgundy-truffle-tuber-uncinatum-by-means-of-the-sensomics-approach
#15
Philipp C Schmidberger, Peter Schieberle
Aroma extract dilution analysis of distillates prepared by solvent extraction and solvent-assisted flavor evaporation distillation from white Alba truffle (WAT; Tuber magnatum pico) and Burgundy truffle (BT; Tuber uncinatum) revealed 20 odor-active regions in the flavor dilution (FD) factor range of 16-4096 in WAT and 25 in BT. The identification experiments in combination with the FD factors showed clear differences in the overall set of key odorants of both fungi. While 3-(methylthio)propanal (potato-like) followed by 2- and 3-methylbutanal (malty), 2,3-butanedione (buttery), and bis(methylthio)methane (garlic-like) showed the highest FD factors in WAT, 2,3-butanedione, phenylacetic acid (honey-like), and vanillin (vanilla-like) had the highest FD factors in BT...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948988/non-planar-oligoarylene-macrocycles-from-biphenyl
#16
Antoine Robert, Pierre Dechambenoit, Elisabeth A Hillard, Harald Bock, Fabien Durola
Saddle- and propeller-shaped macrocycles are obtained by fourfold Perkin condensations in transient high dilution of 4,4'-bis(phenylglyoxylic acid) with either 4,4'-bis(phenylacetic acid) or p-phenylenediacetic acid, followed by four-fold oxidative photocyclizations. In the saddle-shaped tetraphenanthrylene, the angle between opposite phenanthrene planes is close to the value of 90° of an ideal saddle. In the two helicene fragments of the propeller-shaped double [5]helicene, the geometry of unsubstituted [5]helicene is preserved without major macrocycle-induced distortions...
October 19, 2017: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919721/profile-of-sodium-phenylbutyrate-granules-for-the-treatment-of-urea-cycle-disorders-patient-perspectives
#17
REVIEW
Luis Peña-Quintana, Marta Llarena, Desiderio Reyes-Suárez, Luis Aldámiz-Echevarria
Urea-cycle disorders are a group of rare hereditary metabolic diseases characterized by deficiencies of one of the enzymes and transporters involved in the urea cycle, which is necessary for the removal of nitrogen produced from protein breakdown. These hereditary metabolic diseases are characterized by hyperammonemia and life-threatening hyperammonemic crises. Pharmacological treatment of urea-cycle disorders involves alternative nitrogen-scavenging pathways. Sodium benzoate combines with glycine and phenylacetate/phenylbutyrate with glutamine, forming, respectively, hippuric acid and phenylacetylglutamine, which are eliminated in the urine...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869529/different-covalent-immobilizations-modulate-lipase-activities-of-hypocrea-pseudokoningii
#18
Marita G Pereira, Susana Velasco-Lozano, Sonia Moreno-Perez, Aline M Polizeli, Paulo R Heinen, Fernanda D A Facchini, Ana C Vici, Mariana Cereia, Benevides C Pessela, Gloria Fernandez-Lorente, Jose M Guisan, João A Jorge, Maria de Lourdes T M Polizeli
Enzyme immobilization can promote several advantages for their industrial application. In this work, a lipase from Hypocrea pseudokoningii was efficiently linked to four chemical supports: agarose activated with cyanogen bromide (CNBr), glyoxyl-agarose (GX), MANAE-agarose activated with glutaraldehyde (GA) and GA-crosslinked with glutaraldehyde. Results showed a more stable lipase with both the GA-crosslinked and GA derivatives, compared to the control (CNBr), at 50 °C, 60 °C and 70 °C. Moreover, all derivatives were stabilized when incubated with organic solvents at 50%, such as ethanol, methanol, n-propanol and cyclohexane...
September 4, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809149/cumulibacter-manganitolerans-gen-nov-sp-nov-isolated-from-sludge-of-a-manganese-mine
#19
Jing Huang, Jiahong Li, Min Cao, Shuijiao Liao, Gejiao Wang
A Gram-stain-positive actinobacterium, designated as strain 2-36T, was isolated from sludge of a sewage outlet in a manganese mine. Phylogenetic analysis of 16S rRNA genes assigned strain 2-36T in a single lineage in the family Geodermatophilaceae and closely related to Modestobacter roseus KLBMP 1279T (93.8 % similarity), Blastococcus saxobsidens BC444T (93.1 %) and Geodermatophilus aquaeductus BMG801T (92.8 %). It contained iso-C16 : 0, iso-C15 : 0, C17 : 1ω6c, iso-C14 : 0 and summed feature 3 (C16 : 1ω6c and/or C16 : 1ω7c) as the major fatty acids (>5 %), with MK-9(H4), MK-8(H4) and MK-9(H6) as the quinones...
August 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805750/inositol-derivatives-and-phenolic-compounds-from-the-roots-of-taraxacum-coreanum
#20
Eun Jin Mo, Jong Hoon Ahn, Yang Hee Jo, Seon Beom Kim, Bang Yeon Hwang, Mi Kyeong Lee
In this study, the characterization of chemical constituents and biological activity of the roots of Taraxacum coreanum (Asteraceae) was attempted. Phytochemical investigation of the roots of T. coreanum led to the isolation of two new inositol derivatives, taraxinositols A (1) and B (2), and a new phenolic compound, taraxinol (16), together with twenty known compounds including four inositol derivatives, neo-inositol-1,4-bis (4-hydroxybenzeneacetate) (3), chiro-inositol-1,5-bis(4- hydroxybenzeneacetate) (4), chiro-inositol-2,3-bis (4-hydroxybenzeneacetate) (5) and chiro-inositol- 1,2,3-tris (4-hydroxybenzeneacetate) (6), nine phenolic compounds: p-hydroxybenzaldehyde (7), vanillin (8), syringaldehyde (9), vanillic acid (10), 4-methoxyphenylacetic acid (11), 4-hydroxy- phenylacetic acid methyl ester (12), optivanin (13), isoferulic acid (14) and dihydroconiferyl alcohol (15), four coumarins: nodakenetin (17), decursinol (18), prangol (19) and isobyakangelicin (20), and three lignans: syringaresinol-4'-O-β-d-glucoside (21), syringaresinol (22), and pinoresinol (23)...
August 14, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
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