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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938206/the-moderating-effect-of-the-need-to-belong-and-classroom-composition-on-belongingness-seeking-of-minority-adolescents
#1
Fu Wen Kuo, Shu Ching Yang
This study aimed to elucidate whether the interaction of classroom composition and the need to belong influences belongingness seeking and, if so, to investigate how upward comparison mediates the effects. The analyses were conducted with a cross-sectional sample of 383 Taiwanese aboriginal adolescents (39.7% male) recruited from schools with mixed-sex/ethnicity (n = 113), single-sex (n = 122), and minority-only (n = 148) classrooms. After controlling for socioeconomic status, the moderation analyses indicated that participants with a chronic need to belong in classes with diversity (mixed sex/ethnicity) perceived higher social acceptance, while those with a chronic need to belong in homogeneous classes (single-sex and minority-only) reported greater feelings of rejection...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938180/-asking-the-hard-questions-improving-midwifery-students-confidence-with-domestic-violence-screening-in-pregnancy
#2
Rachel Smith, Raechel Wight, Caroline S E Homer
Domestic violence is a global public health issue. Midwives are ideally placed to screen for, and respond to, disclosure of domestic violence. Qualified midwives and midwifery students report a lack of preparedness and low levels of confidence in working with women who disclose domestic violence. This paper reports the findings from an education intervention designed to increase midwifery students' confidence in working with pregnant women who disclose domestic violence. An authentic practice video and associated interactive workshop was developed to bring the 'woman' into the classroom and to provide role-modelling of exemplary midwifery practice in screening for and responding to disclosure of domestic violence...
May 22, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936020/predictors-of-depressive-symptoms-in-emerging-adulthood-in-a-low-income-urban-cohort
#3
Christina F Mondi, Arthur J Reynolds, Suh-Ruu Ou
This study examined predictors of depressive symptoms in emerging adulthood in a sample of 1,142 individuals (94% African American) who grew up in urban poverty. Data were drawn from a longitudinal study that followed participants from age five and included participant, parent, and teacher surveys, and administrative records. Depressive symptoms were self-reported at age 22-24 using a modified version of the Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI; Derogatis, 1975). Binary logistic regression analyses identified several significant predictors of depressive symptoms in emerging adulthood, including: sex, adverse childhood experiences (ACE) score, socio-emotional adjustment in the classroom, juvenile arrest, and on-time graduation...
May 2017: Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934869/teacher-implemented-response-interruption-and-redirection-training-evaluation-and-descriptive-analysis-of-treatment-integrity
#4
Aimee Giles, Shelley Swain, Louise Quinn, Brittany Weifenbach
Response interruption and redirection (RIRD) is an effective intervention for decreasing stereotypy. During RIRD, contingent on occurrences of stereotypy, therapists interrupt the behavior and prompt the participant to complete an alternative response. Although RIRD has been implemented by teachers in classrooms, it requires continuous monitoring of participants to be implemented with fidelity and may be difficult for teachers to manage. The present study evaluated the effectiveness of RIRD when implemented in classrooms...
September 1, 2017: Behavior Modification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934799/factors-influencing-the-application-of-a-biopsychosocial-perspective-in-clinical-judgement-of-chronic-pain-interactive-management-with-medical-students
#5
Christopher P Dwyer, Phoebe E McKenna-Plumley, Hannah Durand, Emer M Gormley, Brian W Slattery, Owen M Harney, Padraig MacNeela, Brian E McGuire
BACKGROUND: Though there is wide support for the application of biopsychosocial perspectives in clinical judgement of chronic pain cases, such perspectives are often overlooked due to either inadequate training or attitudes favoring a biomedical approach. Recent research has indicated that despite such explanations, both established general practitioners (GP) and medical students account for some psychosocial factors when making clinical judgements regarding chronic pain cases, but report not being likely to apply these in real-world, clinical settings due to numerous factors, including available time with patients...
September 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931980/development-of-a-low-cost-emg-biofeedback-device-kit-as-an-educational-tool-for-physical-therapy-students
#6
Risa Suzuki, Yoshihiro Muraoka, Shuntaro Okazaki
[Purpose] Electromyography biofeedback therapy is applied to various diseases during physical therapy for motor learning. Our aim was to develop a low-cost electromyography biofeedback device kit that students could build by themselves in class and to evaluate whether this kit was an adequate educational tool for physical therapy students. [Subjects and Methods] This study included 34 volunteers from a 3 year physical therapy vocational school and a 4 year university course. All students were tasked with: 1) completing a pre-questionnaire; 2) attending basic lectures on electromyography biofeedback therapy and how to build the device; 3) building the device; and 4) completing a post-questionnaire...
September 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931959/teacher-and-teaching-effects-on-students-attitudes-and-behaviors
#7
David Blazar, Matthew A Kraft
Research has focused predominantly on how teachers affect students' achievement on tests despite evidence that a broad range of attitudes and behaviors are equally important to their long-term success. We find that upper-elementary teachers have large effects on self-reported measures of students' self-efficacy in math, and happiness and behavior in class. Students' attitudes and behaviors are predicted by teaching practices most proximal to these measures, including teachers' emotional support and classroom organization...
March 2017: Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931481/a-phenomenological-study-of-millennial-students-and-traditional-pedagogies
#8
Rebecca Toothaker, Donna Taliaferro
BACKGROUND: The Millennial generation comprises the majority of learners in the traditional university setting. Nurse educators identify problems developing teaching strategies in education that undergraduate Millennial nursing students find engaging and meaningful. The purpose of this study was to identify the perception of Millennial students participating in traditional pedagogies and its significant implications for nursing education. METHOD: This interpretive phenomenological study recorded the lived experiences of Millennial nursing students' experiences in traditional classrooms...
September 2017: Journal of Professional Nursing: Official Journal of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931478/precepting-a-literature-review
#9
REVIEW
Amanda Ward, Sara McComb
The purpose of this literature review is to examine studies evaluating preceptorships within nursing orientation or education programs. Nursing education in the classroom focuses on the theoretical aspect of nursing care as opposed to the clinical experience of nursing education that allows for the hands-on practical experience of nursing. The clinical experience is an integral part of the education process for both students and experienced nurses at various career transitions. Quality clinical experiences require practice partnerships, particularly in the form of preceptorships...
September 2017: Journal of Professional Nursing: Official Journal of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929988/3x2-classroom-goal-structures-motivational-regulations-self-concept-and-affectivity-in-secondary-school
#10
Antonio Méndez-Giménez, José-Antonio Cecchini-Estrada, Javier Fernández-Río, José Antonio Prieto Saborit, David Méndez-Alonso
The main objective was to analyze relationships and predictive patterns between 3x2 classroom goal structures (CGS), and motivational regulations, dimensions of self-concept, and affectivity in the context of secondary education. A sample of 1,347 secondary school students (56.6% young men, 43.4% young women) from 10 different provinces of Spain agreed to participate (M age = 13.43, SD = 1.05). Hierarchical regression analyses indicated the self-approach CGS was the most adaptive within the spectrum of self-determination, followed by the task-approach CGS...
September 20, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928699/cross-cultural-comparison-of-self-construal-and-well-being-between-japan-and-south-korea-the-role-of-self-focused-and-other-focused-relational-selves
#11
Joonha Park, Vinai Norasakkunkit, Yoshi Kashima
Relational self, along with individual and collective selves, is a fundamental aspect that makes up self-concept. Proposing its two aspects: self-focused relational self (i.e., perceiving the self as the object of other people's referential awareness or intentionality) and other-focused relational self (i.e., perceiving the self as being attuned and empathetically connected to close others), the current study explored the way the four selves affect well-being in Japan and South Korea, the East Asian cultures that have been assumed to be homogeneously collectivistic in previous psychological literature...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928644/near-infrared-spectroscopy-based-frontal-lobe-neurofeedback-integrated-in-virtual-reality-modulates-brain-and-behavior-in-highly-impulsive-adults
#12
Justin Hudak, Friederike Blume, Thomas Dresler, Florian B Haeussinger, Tobias J Renner, Andreas J Fallgatter, Caterina Gawrilow, Ann-Christine Ehlis
Based on neurofeedback (NF) training as a neurocognitive treatment in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), we designed a randomized, controlled functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) NF intervention embedded in an immersive virtual reality classroom in which participants learned to control overhead lighting with their dorsolateral prefrontal brain activation. We tested the efficacy of the intervention on healthy adults displaying high impulsivity as a sub-clinical population sharing common features with ADHD...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928350/does-the-early-adopter-catch-the-worm-or-choke-on-it-a-reflective-journey-of-the-challenges-of-technology-adoption-in-a-health-sciences-education-institution
#13
Chrisna Botha-Ravyse, Seugnet Blignaut
BACKGROUND: Early adoption of technology is a struggle well known to early adopters and now to me. Since the demand to use and implement technology in health professions' education has increased, I have been led to adopt various technologies, leading to many headaches. METHODS: This paper addresses my experiences in developing and implementing technology in health science classrooms in a setting not adequately equipped to do so. RESULTS: After reflecting on my experiences, I conclude that it is crucial that systems help innovators and early adopters as they work to develop and implement teaching and learning technology...
May 2017: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927442/a-primary-school-active-break-programme-acti-break-study-protocol-for-a-pilot-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#14
Amanda Watson, Anna Timperio, Helen Brown, Kylie D Hesketh
BACKGROUND: Levels of overall physical activity have been shown to decline across childhood. Schools are considered ideal settings to promote physical activity as children spend a large amount of their waking hours at school. Time-efficient physical activity strategies that demonstrate a positive impact on academic-related outcomes are needed to enable physical activity to be prioritised in the school day. The ACTI-BREAK programme requires classroom teachers to integrate active breaks; 5-min bursts of moderate-intensity physical activity into their classroom routine...
September 19, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923520/exploring-associations-between-state-education-initiatives-and-teachers-sleep-a-social-ecological-approach
#15
Kaori Fujishiro, Amy N Farley, Marie Kellemen, Christopher M Swoboda
Social policies that are not specifically aimed at impacting health can still have health consequences. State education reforms, such as standardized testing and stringent accountability for schools and teachers, may affect teacher health by changing their working conditions. This study explores associations between state education initiatives and teachers' sleep, an important predictor of productivity and chronic health conditions. The Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System 2013 and 2014 data sets provided sleep and demographic data for 7836 teachers in 29 states in the United States...
September 12, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923336/-sexual-behaviour-and-human-immunodeficiency-virus-testing-in-university-students-from-cuzco-peru
#16
M Paz Bermúdez, M Teresa Ramiro, Inmaculada Teva, Tamara Ramiro-Sánchez, Gualberto Buela-Casal
OBJECTIVE: To analyse sexual behaviour, HIV testing, HIV testing intentions and reasons for not testing for HIV in university students from Cuzco (Peru). METHODS: The sample comprised 1,377 university students from several institutions from Cuzco (Peru). The size of the sample was set according to a maximum 3% error estimation and a 97% confidence interval. Ages ranged from 16 to 30 years old. The data were collected through a self-administered, anonymous and voluntary questionnaire regarding sexual behaviour and HIV testing...
September 15, 2017: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922928/differential-reinforcement-of-low-rate-schedules-reduce-severe-problem-behavior
#17
Andrew C Bonner, John C Borrero
Differential-reinforcement-of-low-rate (DRL) schedules are reinforcement contingencies designed to reduce response rates. A common variation of the DRL arrangement is known as full-session DRL ( f-DRL), in which a reinforcer is presented at the end of an interval if the response rate during that interval is below a predetermined criterion. Prior human operant research involving arbitrary mouse clicks has shown that the f-DRL is likely to reduce target responding to near zero rates. Similarly, applied research has shown that the f-DRL is likely to reduce minimally disruptive classroom behavior...
September 1, 2017: Behavior Modification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922175/project-career-perceived-benefits-of-ipad-apps-among-college-students-with-traumatic-brain-injury-tbi
#18
K Jacobs, A Leopold, D J Hendricks, E Sampson, A Nardone, K B Lopez, P Rumrill, C Stauffer, E Elias, M Scherer, J Dembe
BACKGROUND: Project Career is an interprofessional five-year development project designed to improve academic and employment success of undergraduate students with a traumatic brain injury (TBI) at two- and four-year colleges and universities. Students receive technology in the form of iPad applications ("apps") to support them in and out of the classroom. OBJECTIVE: To assess participants' perspectives on technology at baseline and perceived benefit of apps after 6 and 12 months of use...
September 14, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919831/flipped-classroom-model-for-learning-evidence-based-medicine
#19
Sydney Y Rucker, Zulfukar Ozdogan, Morhaf Al Achkar
Journal club (JC), as a pedagogical strategy, has long been used in graduate medical education (GME). As evidence-based medicine (EBM) becomes a mainstay in GME, traditional models of JC present a number of insufficiencies and call for novel models of instruction. A flipped classroom model appears to be an ideal strategy to meet the demands to connect evidence to practice while creating engaged, culturally competent, and technologically literate physicians. In this article, we describe a novel model of flipped classroom in JC...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919643/misconceptions-in-the-exploding-flask-demonstration-resolved-through-students-critical-thinking
#20
Rick Spierenburg, Leon Jacobse, Iris de Bruin, Daan J van den Bos, Dominique M Vis, Ludo B F Juurlink
As it connects to a large set of important fundamental ideas in chemistry and analytical techniques discussed in high school chemistry curricula, we review the exploding flask demonstration. In this demonstration, methanol vapor is catalytically oxidized by a Pt wire catalyst in an open container. The exothermicity of reactions occurring at the catalytic surface heats the metal to the extent that it glows. When restricting reactant and product gas flow, conditions may favor repetitive occurrence of a small explosion...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Chemical Education
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