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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792768/thai-nursing-students-experiences-of-caring-for-patients-at-the-end-of-life-a-phenomenological-study
#1
Yaowarat Matchim, Parinya Raetong
AIM: To describe Thai nursing students' experiences of providing end-of-life care (EoLC). METHODS: Data were collected via in-depth interviews with 21 nursing students and were analysed using Van Manen's method. FINDINGS: Eight themes emerged based on Van Manen's four lived worlds: feeling excited and worried when receiving an assigned case; feeling disappointed with the health-care team's provision of psychosocial support for patients at the end-of-life and their families; being in a time of uncertainty; recognising that EoLC is a time for gaining merit; knowing that a peaceful place and privacy are needed for promoting a peaceful death; knowing that the real-life classroom is around the patient's bedside; feeling lonely and needing help and support; and creating relationships with patients and families as a nurse...
May 2, 2018: International Journal of Palliative Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792495/first-grade-classroom-level-adversity-associations-with-teaching-practices-academic-skills-and-executive-functioning
#2
Tashia Abry, Kristen L Granger, Crystal I Bryce, Michelle Taylor, Jodi Swanson, Robert H Bradley
Using data from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development and a model-building approach, the authors examined direct and indirect associations between first-grade (G1) classroom-level adversity (CLA), G1 teaching practices, and student (N = 1,073; M = 6.64 years; 49% girls; 82% White) academic skills and executive functioning in G1 and third grades (G3). Teachers reported the prevalence of adversity among their students (e.g., poor home/family life, poor academic/social readiness)...
May 24, 2018: School Psychology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792492/evaluation-of-second-step-on-early-elementary-students-academic-outcomes-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Clayton R Cook, Sabina Low, Joanne Buntain-Ricklefs, Kelly Whitaker, Michael D Pullmann, Jaclyn Lally
Research has consistently linked social-emotional learning to important educational and life outcomes. Early elementary represents an opportune developmental period to proactively support children to acquire social-emotional skills that enable academic success. Using data from a large scale randomized controlled trial, the purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of the 4th edition of Second Step on early elementary students' academic-related outcomes. Participants were Kindergarten to 2nd grade students in 61 schools (310 teachers; 7,419 students) across six school districts in Washington State and Arizona...
May 24, 2018: School Psychology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792491/does-oral-language-underpin-the-development-of-later-behavior-problems-a-longitudinal-meta-analysis
#4
Jason C Chow, Erik Ekholm, Heather Coleman
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this article is to estimate the overall weighted mean effect of the relation between early language skills and later behavior problems in school-aged children. METHOD: A systematic literature search yielded 19,790 unduplicated reports, and a structured search strategy and identification procedure yielded 25 unique data sets, with 114 effect sizes for analysis. Eligible reports were then coded, and effect sizes were extracted and synthesized via robust variance estimation and random-effects meta-analytic techniques...
May 24, 2018: School Psychology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791740/the-irie-classroom-toolbox-developing-a-violence-prevention-preschool-teacher-training-program-using-evidence-theory-and-practice
#5
Helen Baker-Henningham
In this paper, I describe the development of the Irie Classroom Toolbox, a school-based violence prevention, teacher training program for use with children aged 3-6 years. In-depth interviews were conducted with Jamaican preschool teachers, who had participated in a trial of a classroom behavior management program, at posttest (n = 35) and 5 years later (n = 20). An on-going process evaluation was also conducted. Teachers' preferred behavior management strategies and training methods were documented, and enablers and barriers to implementation were identified...
May 2018: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791736/program-to-improve-private-early-education-pipe-a-case-study-of-a-systems-approach-for-scaling-quality-early-education-solutions
#6
Vikram Jain, Ahmed Irfan, Gauri Kirtane Vanikar
FSG is a mission-driven nonprofit organization supporting leaders in creating large-scale, lasting social change. A survey conducted by FSG in 2015 across 4407 low-income families in urban India showed that 95% of them send their children to preschools, a majority of choosing affordable private preschools (APSs), as parents perceive the quality of government schools to be poor. Parents use and value rote-based methods (e.g., reciting poems) to assess their children's learning in school; however, these methods fail to measure conceptual understanding...
May 2018: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791734/implementing-aeiotu-quality-improvement-alongside-an-efficacy-study-learning-while-growing
#7
Milagros Nores, Alexandra Figueras-Daniel, Maria Adelaida Lopez, Raquel Bernal
Effectiveness trials of increasing childhood development interventions across low- and middle-income countries have shown significant variability. The strength and consistency of benefits for children are dependent on program quality, and this requires paying attention to program implementation. In this paper, we summarize findings on program quality and teacher practices and perceptions for the aeioTU program, a center-based Reggio-inspired program in Colombia, now serving more than 13,000 children. The research found engaged, committed staff who valued the emergent approach and understood the children as requiring opportunities to express themselves, being the source for the curriculum, and having relationships with the materials around them...
May 2018: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791297/late-positive-component-event-related-potential-amplitude-predicts-long-term-classroom-based-learning
#8
Katherine W Turk, Ala'a A Elshaar, Rebecca G Deason, Nadine C Heyworth, Corrine Nagle, Bruno Frustace, Sean Flannery, Ann Zumwalt, Andrew E Budson
It is difficult to predict whether newly learned information will be retrievable in the future. A biomarker of long-lasting learning, capable of predicting an individual's future ability to retrieve a particular memory, could positively influence teaching and educational methods. Event-related potentials (ERPs) were investigated as a potential biomarker of long-lasting learning. Prior ERP studies have supported a dual-process model of recognition memory that categorizes recollection and familiarity as distinct memorial processes with distinct ERP correlates...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791213/nurses-perspectives-on-pharmacology-why-what-and-at-which-point-of-the-curricula-should-education-be-delivered
#9
Ehsan U Khan, Pauline A Hood
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: the study aimed to capture the views of nursing students and qualified nurses about pharmacology education and at which point the subject should be taught. BACKGROUND: drug errors are common in clinical practice. However, the presence of pharmacology education in nursing curricula varies, with few higher education institutes focusing on the topic in pre-registration years. DESIGN: a cross-sectional survey was carried out with 46 pre-registration, 18 post-qualification and 15 post-qualification nurse prescribing course students...
May 24, 2018: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790412/career-and-technical-education-inclusion-and-postsecondary-outcomes-for-students-with-learning-disabilities
#10
Roddy J Theobald, Dan D Goldhaber, Trevor M Gratz, Kristian L Holden
We used longitudinal data from Washington State to investigate the relationships among career and technical education (CTE) enrollment, inclusion in general education, and high school and postsecondary outcomes for students with learning disabilities. We replicated earlier findings that students with learning disabilities who were enrolled in a "concentration" of CTE courses had higher rates of employment after graduation than observably similar students with learning disabilities who were enrolled in fewer CTE courses...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Learning Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788747/internet-pornography-viewing-preference-as-a-risk-factor-for-adolescent-internet-addiction-the-moderating-role-of-classroom-personality-factors
#11
Kyriaki Alexandraki, Vasileios Stavropoulos, Tyrone L Burleigh, Daniel L King, Mark D Griffiths
Background and aims Adolescent Internet pornography viewing has been significantly increased in the last decade with research highlighting its association with Internet addiction (IA). However, there is little longitudinal data on this topic, particularly in relation to peer context effects. This study aimed to examine age- and context-related variations in the Internet pornography-IA association. Methods A total of 648 adolescents, from 34 classrooms, were assessed at 16 years and then at 18 years to examine the effect of Internet pornography preference on IA in relation to the classroom context...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788064/project-based-learning-methodology-in-the-area-of-microbiology-applied-to-undergraduate-medical-research
#12
Estibaliz Mateo, Elena Sevillano
In the recent years, there has been a decrease in the number of medical professionals dedicated to a research career. There is evidence that students with a research experience during their training acquire knowledge and skills that increase the probability of getting involved in research more successfully. In the Degree of Medicine (University of the Basque Country) the annual core subject 'Research Project' introduces students to research. The aim of this work was to implement a project-based learning methodology, with the students working on microbiology, and to analyse its result along time...
May 17, 2018: FEMS Microbiology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786468/a-course-embedded-comparison-of-instructor-generated-videos-of-either-an-instructor-alone-or-an-instructor-and-a-student
#13
Katelyn M Cooper, Lu Ding, Michelle D Stephens, Michelene T H Chi, Sara E Brownell
Instructor-generated videos have become a popular way to engage students with material before a class, yet this is a relatively unexplored area of research. There is support for the use of videos in which instructors tutor students, but few studies have been conducted within the context of a classroom. In this study, conducted in a large-enrollment college physiology course, we used a randomized crossover design to compare the impact of two types of instructor-generated videos that students watched as part of their preclass assignments...
June 2018: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786024/needs-assessment-of-ophthalmology-education-for-undergraduate-medical-students-a-study-from-a-medical-college-in-south-india
#14
Karuppannasamy Divya, Kannappan Suvetha, Alo Sen, Devisundaram Sundar
Background: Adequate ophthalmic diagnostic and clinical skills are essential for practitioners in primary care settings as well as specialty care physicians. The objectives of this study were to assess the adequacy of ophthalmology teaching in undergraduate medical education and to evaluate the comfort of medical students in diagnosing common eye problems and performing ophthalmic skills. Methods: A questionnaire based, cross-sectional survey was conducted among third-year undergraduate students from a medical college in South India at the end of ophthalmology training from February 2014 to December 2014...
September 2017: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785972/a-methodology-to-objectively-assess-the-performance-of-sound-field-amplification-systems-demonstrated-using-50-physical-simulations-of-classroom-conditions
#15
Stephen Dance, Bradford Backus, Lorenzo Morales
Introduction: The effect of a sound reinforcement system, in terms of speech intelligibility, has been systematically determined under realistic conditions. Different combinations of ambient and reverberant conditions representative of a classroom environment have been investigated. Materials and Methods: By comparing the measured speech transmission index metric with and without the system in the same space under different room acoustics conditions, it was possible to determine when the system was most effective...
May 2018: Noise & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785200/comparative-study-on-knowledge-about-autism-spectrum-disorder-among-paediatric-and-psychiatric-nurses-in-public-hospitals-in-kumasi-ghana
#16
Wireko-Gyebi Sampson, Ashiagbor Emelia Sandra
Background: Despite the existence of autism spectrum disorder in Ghana, few studies have provided the necessary information on the phenomenon. These studies have mostly focused on speech and language therapy for children and modification of classroom environment for children with autism spectrum disorder. This approach has resulted in a paucity of knowledge on nurse's knowledge of autism spectrum disorder in Ghana. Objective: The study sought to assess the knowledge of paediatric and psychiatric on autism spectrum disorder...
2018: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785150/-flipped-classroom-for-academic-and-career-advising-an-innovative-technique-for-medical-student-advising
#17
Richard Amini, Brady S Laughlin, Kathy W Smith, Violet P Siwik, William J Adamas-Rappaport, George T Fantry
Introduction: Career advising for medical students can be challenging for both the student and the adviser. Our objective was to design, implement, and evaluate a "flipped classroom" style advising session. Methods: We performed a single-center cross-sectional study at an academic medical center, where a novel flipped classroom style student advising model was implemented and evaluated. In this model, students were provided a document to review and fill out prior to their one-on-one advising session...
2018: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783677/measuring-cortisol-in-the-classroom-with-school-aged-children-a-systematic-review-and-recommendations
#18
REVIEW
Mirena Dimolareva, Nancy R Gee, Karen Pfeffer, Laëtitia Maréchal, Kyla Pennington, Kerstin Meints
The collection of salivary cortisol has been chosen as one of the least intrusive, easiest to collect, analyze, and store methods of obtaining information on physiological changes. It is, however, not clear what the best practice is when collecting salivary cortisol from children within the school setting. The aim of this systematic review is to evaluate the feasibility of cortisol collection in schools for future research and to make recommendations for best practice. The review included 25 peer-reviewed articles from seven databases...
May 18, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781391/hypercorrection-of-high-confidence-errors-in-the-classroom
#19
Shana K Carpenter, Cynthia L Haynes, Daniel Corral, Kam Leung Yeung
People often have erroneous knowledge about the world that is firmly entrenched in memory and endorsed with high confidence. Although strong errors in memory would seem difficult to "un-learn," evidence suggests that errors are more likely to be corrected through feedback when they are originally endorsed with high confidence compared to low confidence. This hypercorrection effect has been predominantly studied in laboratory settings with general knowledge (i.e., trivia) questions, however, and has not been systematically explored in authentic classroom contexts...
May 19, 2018: Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780761/a-childhood-obesity-prevention-programme-in-barcelona-poiba-project-study-protocol-of-the-intervention
#20
Francesca Sánchez-Martínez, Olga Juárez, Gemma Serral, Sara Valmayor, Rosa Puigpinós, María Isabel Pasarín, Élia Díez, Carles Ariza
Background: Childhood obesity preventive interventions should promote a healthy diet and physical activity at home and school. This study aims to describe a school-based childhood obesity preventive programme (POIBA Project) targeting 8-to-12- year-olds. Design and methods: Evaluation study of a school-based intervention with a pre-post quasi-experimental design and a comparison group. Schools from disadvantaged neighbourhoods are oversampled. The intervention consists of 9 sessions, including 58 activities of a total duration between 9 and 13 hours, and the booster intervention of 2 sessions with 8 activities lasting 3 or 4 hours...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Public Health Research
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