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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523738/using-a-group-centered-approach-to-observe-interactions-in-early-childhood-education
#1
Saskia D M van Schaik, Paul P M Leseman, Mariëtte de Haan
This study examined the value of using a group-centered approach to evaluate process quality of early childhood education and care (ECEC). Is observed support of group processes a different aspect of classroom quality, and does it predict children's collaborative play in ECEC in the Netherlands? In two play situations, 37 teachers and 120 two- to four-year-old children were observed with the Classroom Assessment Scoring System (CLASS) Toddler and two new measures. In a two-level structural equation model, teachers' support of group processes was positively related to the CLASS domains and to children's collaborative play, over and above the effect of children's cognitive ability and social competence...
May 19, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522227/promoting-motor-skills-in-low-income-ethnic-children-the-physical-activity-in-linguistically-diverse-communities-paldc-nonrandomized-trial
#2
Anthony D Okely, Louise L Hardy, Marijka Batterham, Phillip Pearson, Kim McKeen, Lauren Puglisi
OBJECTIVES: This study reports the long-term effects of a professional learning program for classroom teachers on fundamental motor skill (FMS) proficiency of primary school students from ethnically diverse backgrounds. DESIGN: A cluster non-randomized trial using a nested cross-sectional design. METHODS: The study was conducted in 8 primary schools located in disadvantaged and culturally diverse areas in Sydney, Australia. The intervention used an action learning framework, with each school developing and implementing an action plan for enhancing the teaching of FMS in their school...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521563/pain-management-for-children-with-cerebral-palsy-in-school-settings-in-two-cultures-action-and-reaction-approaches
#3
Margareta Adolfsson, Ensa Johnson, Stefan Nilsson
BACKGROUND: Children with cerebral palsy (CP) face particular challenges, e.g. daily pain that threaten their participation in school activities. This study focuses on how teachers, personal assistants, and clinicians in two countries with different cultural prerequisites, Sweden and South Africa, manage the pain of children in school settings. METHOD: Participants' statements collected in focus groups were analysed using a directed qualitative content analysis framed by a Frequency of attendance-Intensity of involvement model, which was modified into a Knowing-Doing model...
May 18, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28517956/the-longitudinal-association-between-anxiety-and-internet-addiction-in-adolescence-the-moderating-effect-of-classroom-extraversion
#4
Vasileios Stavropoulos, Rapson Gomez, Eloisa Steen, Charlotte Beard, Lucas Liew, Mark D Griffiths
Background and aims The risk effect of anxiety on addictive behaviors, including Internet addiction (IA), has repeatedly been highlighted in the international literature. However, there is a lack of longitudinal studies examining this association in relation to proximal context effects, particularly in adolescence. Such findings would shed light on potential age- and proximal context-related variations in the anxiety-IA association that could better inform IA prevention and intervention initiatives. Methods In this study, 648 adolescents, embedded in 34 classrooms, were assessed at the age of 16 and again at the age of 18 to examine the effect of anxiety on IA behaviors in relation to the average level of classroom extraversion...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516340/social-studying-and-learning-among-medical-students-a%C3%A2-scoping-review
#5
REVIEW
Daniela Keren, Jocelyn Lockyer, Rachel H Ellaway
INTRODUCTION: Medical students study in social groups, which influence their learning, but few studies have investigated the characteristics of study groups and the impacts they have on students' learning. A scoping review was conducted on the topic of informal social studying and learning within medical education with the aim of appraising what is known regarding medical student attitudes to group study, the impact of group study on participants, and the methods that have been employed to study this...
May 17, 2017: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514475/cotreatment-as-a-vehicle-for-interprofessional-collaborative-practice-physical-therapists-and-speech-language-pathologists-collaborating-in-the-care-of-children-with-severe-disabilities
#6
Lorraine Sylvester, Billy T Ogletree, Karen Lunnen
Purpose: This article defines interprofessional collaborative practice and links its key features with accepted practice conceptualizations of physical therapy. Cotreatment with speech-language pathology is described as a vehicle for interprofessional collaborative practice for children with severe disabilities. Method: The article reviews the International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health (WHO, 2015) and the Hypothesis-Oriented Algorithm for Clinicians II (Rothstein, Echternach, & Riddle, 2003) as existing service-delivery frameworks in physical therapy and discusses how interprofessional collaborative practice between speech-language pathologists and physical therapists can be useful within these practice guidelines...
May 17, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513317/engagement-in-physical-activity-during-recess-gender-and-grade-level-differences-in-the-elementary-grades
#7
Sarah Wollersheim Shervey, James C DiPerna
BACKGROUND: There are many purported benefits to recess including engaging in physical activity, forming positive peer relationships, and taking a break from the classroom. Current research, however, is inconclusive regarding the presence of gender and developmental differences in physical activity that takes place during recess. The purpose of this study was to examine differences in the amount of physical activity that occurs during recess across gender and grade level. METHOD: Students from first and sixth grade classrooms participated in the study, and physical activity was measured using accelerometers to record the number of steps taken during recess...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512524/promoting-the-multidimensional-character-of-scientific-reasoning
#8
William S Bradshaw, Jennifer Nelson, Byron J Adams, John D Bell
This study reports part of a long-term program to help students improve scientific reasoning using higher-order cognitive tasks set in the discipline of cell biology. This skill was assessed using problems requiring the construction of valid conclusions drawn from authentic research data. We report here efforts to confirm the hypothesis that data interpretation is a complex, multifaceted exercise. Confirmation was obtained using a statistical treatment showing that various such problems rank students differently-each contains a unique set of cognitive challenges...
April 2017: Journal of Microbiology & Biology Education: JMBE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512522/photo-animation-brings-scientists-back-to-life-in-the-classroom
#9
Lara K Goudsouzian
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Journal of Microbiology & Biology Education: JMBE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512512/learning-about-chemiosmosis-and-atp-synthesis-with-animations-outside-of-the-classroom
#10
Eric E Goff, Katie M Reindl, Christina Johnson, Phillip McClean, Erika G Offerdahl, Noah L Schroeder, Alan R White
Many undergraduate biology courses have begun to implement instructional strategies aimed at increasing student interaction with course material outside of the classroom. Two examples of such practices are introducing students to concepts as preparation prior to instruction, and as conceptual reinforcement after the instructional period. Using a three-group design, we investigate the impact of an animation developed as part of the Virtual Cell Animation Collection on the topic of concentration gradients and their role in the actions of ATP synthase as a means of pre-class preparation or post-class reinforcement compared with a no-intervention control group...
April 2017: Journal of Microbiology & Biology Education: JMBE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512437/behavioral-patterns-in-special-education-good-teaching-practices
#11
Manuela Rodríguez-Dorta, África Borges
Providing quality education means to respond to the diversity in the classroom. The teacher is a key figure in responding to the various educational needs presented by students. Specifically, special education professionals are of great importance as they are the ones who lend their support to regular classroom teachers and offer specialized educational assistance to students who require it. Therefore, special education is different from what takes place in the regular classroom, demanding greater commitment by the teacher...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511894/incorporating-simulation-into-gynecologic-surgical-training
#12
REVIEW
Kyle Wohlrab, J Eric Jelovsek, Deborah Myers
Today's educational environment has made it more difficult to rely on the Halstedian model of 'see one, do one, teach one' in gynecologic surgical training. There is decreased surgical volume, but an increased number of surgical modalities. Fortunately, surgical simulation has evolved to fill the educational void. Whether it is through skill generalization or skill transfer, surgical simulation has shifted the learning curve from the operating room back to the classroom. This article explores the principles of surgical education and ways to introduce simulation as an adjunct to residency training...
May 13, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508249/self-and-peer-identified-victims-in-late-childhood-differences-in-perceptions-of-the-school-ecology
#13
Molly Dawes, Chin-Chih Chen, Thomas W Farmer, Jill V Hamm
Patterns of adjustment for youth victimized by peers vary depending on whether youth are identified as victims through self-reports, peer-reports, or both. In order to provide more targeted strategies that may help mitigate negative consequences associated with specific victimization groups, more information is needed about how these youth perceive their school ecology (bullying and academic ecology), their feelings of school belonging, and their valuing of school. Based on the convergence of self- and peer-reports of victimization, we identified four victim groups from a sample of students in 5th grade classrooms (N = 1360; 52...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507452/consulted-ethical-problems-of-clinical-nursing-practice-perspective-of-faculty-members-in-japan
#14
Mari Tsuruwaka
BACKGROUND: There are several studies that have targeted student nurses, but few have clarified the details pertaining to the specific ethical problems in clinical practice with the viewpoint of the nursing faculty. This study was to investigate the ethical problems in clinical practice reported by student nurses to Japanese nursing faculty members for the purpose of improving ethics education in clinical practice. METHOD: The subjects comprised 705 nursing faculty members (we sent three questionnaires to one university) who managed clinical practice education at 235 Japanese nursing universities...
2017: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506008/analysis-of-air-temperature-changes-on-blood-pressure-and-heart-rate-and-performance-of-undergraduate-students
#15
Joseana C F Siqueira, Luiz Bueno da Silva, Antônio S Coutinho, Rafaela M Rodrigues
BACKGROUND: The increase in air temperature has been associated with human deaths, some of which are related to cardiovascular dysfunctions, and with the reduction of physical and cognitive performance in humans. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the relationship between blood pressure (BP) and heart rate (HR) and the cognitive performance of students who were submitted to temperature changes in classrooms. METHODS: The university students answered a survey that was adapted from the Battery of Reasoning Tests over 3 consecutive days at different air temperatures while their thermal state and HR were measured...
February 6, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505505/measuring-listening-related-effort-and-fatigue-in-school-aged-children-using-pupillometry
#16
Ronan McGarrigle, Piers Dawes, Andrew J Stewart, Stefanie E Kuchinsky, Kevin J Munro
Stress and fatigue from effortful listening may compromise well-being, learning, and academic achievement in school-aged children. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of a signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) typical of those in school classrooms on listening effort (behavioral and pupillometric) and listening-related fatigue (self-report and pupillometric) in a group of school-aged children. A sample of 41 normal-hearing children aged 8-11years performed a narrative speech-picture verification task in a condition with recommended levels of background noise ("ideal": +15dB SNR) and a condition with typical classroom background noise levels ("typical": -2dB SNR)...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500676/an-evaluation-of-interdependent-and-independent-group-contingencies-during-the-good-behavior-game
#17
Emily A Groves, Jennifer L Austin
The Good Behavior Game (GBG) uses an interdependent group contingency to improve classroom behavior. Despite the wealth of research on the effectiveness of the GBG, some teachers may have concerns about their students' abilities to work in teams, particularly if they have a history of poor social skills. We used an alternating treatments design to compare the relative effectiveness of the GBG with interdependent and independent group contingencies in a classroom for children with emotional and behavioral disorders...
May 13, 2017: Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498952/virtual-virus-a-semester-long-interdisciplinary-project-on-the-crossroads-of-creativity-and-knowledge-integration
#18
Boriana Marintcheva
Virtual virus is a semester-long interdisciplinary project offered as part of upper level elective course in Virology. Students are challenged to apply key concepts from multiple biological sub-disciplines to 'synthesize' a plausible virtual virus. The project is executed as a scaffolded series of hands-on sessions and mini-projects which are integrated into continuous story leading to mock conference presentation and comprehensive report modeling article publication. It complements classroom instruction helping students to meet overarching learning targets traditionally associated undergraduate virology courses such as: viral structure and function, mode of viral propagation and flow of genetic information, and virus/host interactions on the cellular and organismal level...
May 11, 2017: FEMS Microbiology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498532/the-impact-of-adolescents-classroom-and-neighborhood-ethnic-diversity-on-same-and-cross-ethnic-friendships-within-classrooms
#19
Anke Munniksma, Peer Scheepers, Tobias H Stark, Jochem Tolsma
This study examines how classroom and neighborhood ethnic diversity affect adolescents' tendency to form same- versus cross-ethnic friendships when they enter middle school. Hypotheses are derived from exposure, conflict, and constrict theory. Hypotheses are tested among 911 middle school students (43 classrooms, nine schools) in the Netherlands. Multilevel (p2) social network analyses show that students were more likely to engage in same-ethnic rather than cross-ethnic friendships. In line with conflict theory, greater classroom and neighborhood diversity were related to stronger tendencies to choose same-ethnic rather than cross-ethnic friends, among both ethnic majority and minority students...
March 2017: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497989/focus-on-fluid-reasoning-the-relationship-between-fluid-reasoning-and-the-pattern-of-strengths-and-weaknesses-model
#20
Lisa M Grant, Pauline Prince
The purpose of this paper is to examine the Fluid Reasoning Index of the Wechsler Intelligence Test for Children, Fifth Edition (WISC-V), and determine how fluid-reasoning skills relate to academic skill acquisition in the classroom setting. We also examine the myriad of ways within which learning and learning disabilities can be defined. Also, we plan to examine a brief review of the definition of a Specific Learning Disability and review some of the leading theories related to the Pattern of Strengths and Weaknesses model...
May 12, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
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