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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329558/integrating-the-integrated-skin-exam-film-into-medical-education
#1
Seth Lofgreen, Michael Lehrer, Paige Bennett, Amit Garg, Cory A Dunnick
AbstractBackgroundThe mortality rate for melanoma continues to rise and the greatest improvement in melanoma survival is attributable to early detection with skin cancer screening exams. However, physicians feel that limited training in the examination of skin and limited clinical time both serve as barriers to adequately assess high-risk lesions.ObjectiveTo test the use of The Integrated Skin Exam film as an instructional tool to teach the examination of skin in a live classroom setting, outside of the purview of the original formal study...
November 15, 2016: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329176/does-rare-vocabulary-use-distinguish-giftedness-from-typical-development-a-study-of-school-age-african-american-narrators
#2
Monique T Mills, Jamie Mahurin-Smith, Sara C Steele
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine rare vocabulary produced in the spoken narratives of school-age African American children. Method: Forty-three children from general and gifted classrooms produced 2 narratives: a personal story and a fictional story that was based on the wordless book Frog, Where Are You? (Mayer, 1969). The Wordlist for Expressive Rare Vocabulary Evaluation (Mahurin-Smith, DeThorne, & Petrill, 2015) was used to tally number and type of uncommon words produced in these narratives...
March 22, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329020/how-a-collaborative-integrated-taxonomic-effort-has-trained-new-spongiologists-and-improved-knowledge-of-martinique-island-french-antilles-eastern-caribbean-sea-marine-biodiversity
#3
Thierry Pérez, Maria-Cristina Díaz, César Ruiz, Baslavi Cóndor-Luján, Michelle Klautau, Eduardo Hajdu, Gisele Lobo-Hajdu, Sven Zea, Shirley A Pomponi, Robert W Thacker, Sophie Carteron, Guillaume Tollu, Adeline Pouget-Cuvelier, Philippe Thélamon, Jean-Philippe Marechal, Olivier P Thomas, Alexander V Ereskovsky, Jean Vacelet, Nicole Boury-Esnault
Although sponges are important components of benthic ecosystems of the Caribbean Sea, their diversity remained poorly investigated in the Lesser Antilles. By organizing a training course in Martinique, we wanted both to promote taxonomy and to provide a first inventory of the sponge diversity on this island. The course was like a naturalist expedition, with a field laboratory and a classroom nearby. Early-career scientists and environmental managers were trained in sponge taxonomy. We gathered unpublished data and conducted an inventory at 13 coastal sites...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328770/the-flipped-classroom-benefits-of-student-led-learning
#4
Carolyn E Smith
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328311/effect-of-active-lessons-on-physical-activity-academic-and-health-outcomes-a-systematic-review
#5
Rosemarie Martin, Elaine M Murtagh
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to conduct a systematic review of classroom-based physical activity interventions that integrate academic content and assess the effectiveness of the interventions on physical activity, learning, facilitators of learning, and health outcomes. METHOD: Six electronic databases (ERIC, PubMed, Google Scholar, Science Direct, Cochrane Library, and EMBASE) and reference lists were searched for English-language articles, published January 1990 through March 2015, reporting classroom-based interventions that deliberately taught academic content using physically active teaching methods for at least 1 week duration, with physical activity, health, learning, or facilitators-of-learning outcomes...
March 22, 2017: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328265/student-nurses-perceptions-of-dignity-in-the-care-of-older-people
#6
Leah Macaden, Richard G Kyle, Wayne Medford, Julie Blundell, Sarah-Anne Munoz, Elaine Webster
AIM: The aim of this research was to investigate student nurses' perceptions of the concept of dignity in the care of older people. Student nurses regularly move between the classroom and the clinical setting and are thus ideally placed to cast light on the barriers that exist to providing dignity in care and the way in which their theoretical understanding of dignity is shaped by exposure to the practice setting. METHOD: All student nurses on a three-year undergraduate nursing programme at one university were invited to participate in an online questionnaire survey and focus groups...
March 9, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328232/learning-by-doing-the-md-pa-interprofessional-education-rural-rotation
#7
Ryan T Palmer, Curt Stilp
While much investment has gone into developing interprofessional education (IPE) curriculum for healthcare professional students, many of these efforts have focused on classroom rather than clinical environments. Implementing robust IPE experiences into clinical training is often complicated by obstacles such as differing rotating schedules and differing curricular requirements. The Combined Medical-Physician Assistant Student Rural Rotation (Med-PARR) at the Oregon Health and Science University takes a practical approach to these challenges...
January 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327854/-intersectoral-experience-to-bridge-the-gap-between-human-resources-in-public-health-and-the-technical-operational-level-for-peruvian-voluntary-military-service-members
#8
Franco Romaní-Romaní, Maricela Curisinche-Rojas, Norka Rojas Arteaga, Pedro Riega Lopez, César Cabezas
There is a gap between human resources and technical-operational education that limits the Peruvian health system's ability to implement public health interventions. The Peruvian Ministry of Health, through the National Health Institute and the Ministry of Defense, implemented a Public Health Training Program addressed to young full-time military servicemen, on the basis of the competency profile of a public health technician. The program consists of seven thematic units given in 390 hours, 200 of which correspond to classroom and field practices...
October 2016: Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327174/randomised-controlled-feasibility-study-of-a-school-based-multi-level-intervention-to-increase-physical-activity-and-decrease-sedentary-behaviour-among-vocational-school-students
#9
Nelli Hankonen, Matti T J Heino, Sini-Tuuli Hynynen, Hanna Laine, Vera Araújo-Soares, Falko F Sniehotta, Tommi Vasankari, Reijo Sund, Ari Haukkala
BACKGROUND: No school-based physical activity (PA) interventions among older adolescents have demonstrated long-term effectiveness, and few of them so far have addressed sedentary behaviour (SB). Based on behavioural theories and evidence, we designed a multi-level intervention to increase PA and decrease SB among vocational school students. This study investigates feasibility and acceptability of two main intervention components and research procedures. We also examine uptake of behaviour change techniques (BCTs) by the participants...
March 21, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326049/the-use-of-subscores-in-higher-education-when-is-this-useful
#10
Rob R Meijer, Anja J Boevé, Jorge N Tendeiro, Roel J Bosker, Casper J Albers
Assessment in higher education is challenging because teachers face more students, with less contact time as compared to primary and secondary education. Therefore, teachers and management are often interested in efficient ways of giving students diagnostic feedback and providing information on the basis of subscores is one method that is often used in large-scale standardized testing. In this article we discuss some recent psychometric literature that warns against the use of subscores in addition to the use of total scores...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326045/attainable-and-relevant-moral-exemplars-are-more-effective-than-extraordinary-exemplars-in-promoting-voluntary-service-engagement
#11
Hyemin Han, Jeongmin Kim, Changwoo Jeong, Geoffrey L Cohen
The present study aimed to develop effective moral educational interventions based on social psychology by using stories of moral exemplars. We tested whether motivation to engage in voluntary service as a form of moral behavior was better promoted by attainable and relevant exemplars or by unattainable and irrelevant exemplars. First, experiment 1, conducted in a lab, showed that stories of attainable exemplars more effectively promoted voluntary service activity engagement among undergraduate students compared with stories of unattainable exemplars and non-moral stories...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322509/teaching-medical-students-about-cost-effectiveness
#12
Mark Iscoe, Robert Lord, John Schulz, David Lee, Danelle Cayea, Amit Pahwa
BACKGROUND: Rising and burdensome health care costs have driven interest in the practice of high-value care (HVC) and have inspired calls for increased HVC training across all levels of medical education, including among undergraduate medical students. CONTEXT: Classroom-based HVC curricula targeted to medical students have not been previously described in the medical literature. INNOVATION: We developed and evaluated a workshop comprising a lecture, a small-group exercise and a group discussion to instruct medical students on interpreting cost-effectiveness analyses (CEA), applying CEA to patient care and discussing the cost of care with patients...
March 21, 2017: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321839/a-small-scale-randomized-efficacy-trial-of-the-identity-project-promoting-adolescents-ethnic-racial-identity-exploration-and-resolution
#13
Adriana J Umaña-Taylor, Sara Douglass, Kimberly A Updegraff, Flavio F Marsiglia
Adolescents' ethnic-racial identity (ERI) formation represents an important developmental process that is associated with adjustment. The Identity Project intervention, grounded in developmental theory, was designed to engage adolescents in the ERI processes of exploration and resolution. The current small-scale efficacy trial involved an ethnic-racially diverse sample of adolescents (N = 215; Mage  = 15.02, SD = .68) from eight classrooms that were randomly assigned by classroom to the intervention or attention control group...
March 21, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318341/caregivers-advice-and-children-s-bystander-behaviors-during-bullying-incidents
#14
Stevie N Grassetti, Julie A Hubbard, Marissa A Smith, Megan K Bookhout, Lauren E Swift, Michael J Gawrysiak
Many bullying prevention programs take a bystander approach, which encourages children to intervene when they are bystanders to bullying incidents. Little is known about how caregivers' advice to children might promote or undermine the positive bystander behaviors targeted by these programs. Accordingly, the aim of the current study was to investigate relations between caregivers' advice and children's bystander behavior during bullying situations. Participants were 106 racially/ethnically diverse 4th- and 5th-grade students (M age = 10...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318284/why-classroom-climate-matters-for-children-high-in-anxious-solitude-a-study-of-differential-susceptibility
#15
Kathleen Hughes, Robert J Coplan
The goal of the current study was to examine the complex links among anxious solitude, classroom climate, engagement, achievement, and gender. In particular, drawing upon the differential susceptibility hypothesis (Belsky, 1997), we investigated if children high in anxious solitude were particularly sensitive and responsive to the classroom environment. Participants were N = 712 children in Grade 3, drawn from the National Institute of Child and Human Development (NICHD) Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development data set...
March 20, 2017: School Psychology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316912/intensity-of-commonly-reported-classroom-based-physical-activity-opportunities-in-public-schools
#16
Timothy K Behrens, Whitney M Holeva, Dick Carpenter, Elizabeth Tucker, Carmen Luna, John Donovan, Julaine Field, Cheryl Kelly
The purpose of this study was to examine the intensity levels of PA opportunities offered in public school classrooms. Schools (N = 101) in school districts (N = 25) reported PA opportunities offered in classrooms using an online data collection tool over a two-year period (2014-2016). Using a randomized sampling technique, 20-30% of teachers in each school were selected each week to report PA in their classroom. These responses resulted in N = 18,210 usable responses. A researcher determined the intensity of PA opportunities using the 2011 Compendium of Physical Activities as a guideline; two additional researchers confirmed the coded categories...
June 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315065/do-actions-speak-louder-than-words-examining-children-s-ability-to-follow-instructions
#17
Amanda H Waterman, Amy L Atkinson, Sadia S Aslam, Joni Holmes, Agnieszka Jaroslawska, Richard J Allen
The ability to encode, retain, and implement instructions within working memory is central to many behaviours, including classroom activities which underpin learning. The three experiments presented here explored how action-planned, enacted, and observed-impacted 6- to 10-year-old's ability to follow instructions. Experiment 1 (N = 81) found enacted recall was superior to verbal recall, but self-enactment at encoding had a negative effect on enacted recall and verbal recall. In contrast, observation of other-enactment (demonstration) at encoding facilitated both types of recall (Experiment 2a: N = 81)...
March 17, 2017: Memory & Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314495/global-service-learning-and-student-athletes-a-model-for-enhanced-academic-inclusion-at-the-university-of-washington
#18
Holly M Barker
BACKGROUND: The University of Washington (UW) continues to create opportunities to engage all students in transformational undergraduate educational opportunities, such as study abroad. OBJECTIVE: This article describes specific efforts to increase inclusion for student-athletes in study abroad, particularly for first-generation students, including low-income students of color. Given the overrepresentation of students of color in sports vis-à-vis the larger student body at predominantly white institutions (PWIs), like UW, service-learning in communities beyond campus boundaries provides opportunities to apply international learning to a local context and to create a continuum of learning...
November 2016: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306385/daily-school-context-of-adolescents-single-best-friendship-and-adjustment
#19
Melissa R Witkow, Nicolette P Rickert, Laura E Cullen
Research on adolescent best friendships typically focuses on school-based friendships, ignoring important differences between classroom-based and out-of-school friendships. With data from 156 ninth-grade students, many of whom named more than 1 best friend across the 14-day period, the authors examined associations between the daily school context of one's best friendship and adjustment. Benefits of in-grade best friendships were found in academic engagement when a composite was assessed across the 2-week period...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Genetic Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302992/subjective-experiences-of-a-yogo-teacher-with-reference-to-health-support-activities-carried-out-in-the-first-year-after-the-great-east-japan-earthquake-a-case-study-based-on-a-narrative-approach
#20
Chiharu Aoyagi, Shiomi Kanaizumi, Kumiko Shikama, Keiko Sakou
Objectives To offer an empirical lens-based on the account of a yogo teacher employed at a temporary school in the community where she was relocated after experiencing the Great East Japan Earthquake alongside her students-into the subjective experience of health support activities carried out during the year immediately following the disaster.Method An interview was conducted with one yogo teacher who experienced the Great East Japan Earthquake, employed at a public junior high school in the region to where she was evacuated...
2017: [Nihon Kōshū Eisei Zasshi] Japanese Journal of Public Health
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