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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910201/meal-insulin-cycle-a-visual-summary-of-the-biochemical-events-between-meals
#1
Stavros Kalogiannis
In the present article, a scheme that summarizes the biochemical events occurring in the human body after the consumption of a meal is proposed. The scheme illustrates the metabolic sequence as a series of counteracting components occupying opposite positions in a cycle, indicating their opposite actions or physiological states, such as meal versus energy consumption, increase versus decrease of blood glucose levels, and excretion of insulin versus excretion of glucagon. Furthermore, the cycle is complemented by a table indicating the acceleration or inhibition of selected metabolic pathways and actions...
December 2, 2016: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909030/the-college-science-learning-cycle-an-instructional-model-for-reformed-teaching
#2
Michelle Withers
Finding the time for developing or locating new class materials is one of the biggest barriers for instructors reforming their teaching approaches. Even instructors who have taken part in training workshops may feel overwhelmed by the task of transforming passive lecture content to engaging learning activities. Learning cycles have been instrumental in helping K-12 science teachers design effective instruction for decades. This paper introduces the College Science Learning Cycle adapted from the popular Biological Sciences Curriculum Study 5E to help science, technology, engineering, and mathematics faculty develop course materials to support active, student-centered teaching approaches in their classrooms...
2016: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909018/does-the-room-matter-active-learning-in-traditional-and-enhanced-lecture-spaces
#3
Jon R Stoltzfus, Julie Libarkin
SCALE-UP-type classrooms, originating with the Student-Centered Active Learning Environment with Upside-down Pedagogies project, are designed to facilitate active learning by maximizing opportunities for interactions between students and embedding technology in the classroom. Positive impacts when active learning replaces lecture are well documented, both in traditional lecture halls and SCALE-UP-type classrooms. However, few studies have carefully analyzed student outcomes when comparable active learning-based instruction takes place in a traditional lecture hall and a SCALE-UP-type classroom...
2016: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905334/the-opportunistic-screening-of-refractive-errors-in-school-going-children-by-pediatrician-using-enhanced-br%C3%A3-ckner-test
#4
Piyush Jain, Mihir T Kothari, Vaibhav Gode
AIM: The aim of this study was to compare the results of enhanced Brückner test (EBT) performed by a pediatrician and an experienced pediatric ophthalmologist. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: In this prospective double-masked cohort study, a pediatrician and a pediatric ophthalmologist performed the EBT in a classroom of a school in semi-dark lighting condition using a direct ophthalmoscope. The results of the test were compared using 2 × 2 Bayesian table and kappa statistics...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899709/the-art-of-camouflage-gender-differences-in-the-social-behaviors-of-girls-and-boys-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#5
Michelle Dean, Robin Harwood, Connie Kasari
This study examined the extent to which gender-related social behaviors help girls with autism spectrum disorder to seemingly mask their symptoms. Using concurrent mixed methods, we examined the social behaviors of 96 elementary school children during recess (autism spectrum disorder = 24 girls and 24 boys, typically developing = 24 girls and 24 boys). Children with autism spectrum disorder had average intelligence (IQ ⩾ 70), a confirmed diagnosis, and were educated in the general education classroom...
November 29, 2016: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896914/an-innovative-textbook-design-and-implementation
#6
Rafael Ortega, Vafa Akhtar-Khavari, Paul Barash, Sam Sharar, M Christine Stock
BACKGROUND: The 'flipped classroom' instructional strategy has gained much momentum in educational discourse, yet no single educational offering exists in postgraduate medical education (PME) to systematically replace the lecture element of didactic sessions. This article describes the design and implementation of Clinical Anesthesia Fundamentals, the first known textbook in PME addressing this gap in resources through the integration of full-length interactive multimedia-enhanced video lectures...
November 29, 2016: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895238/combined-modality-intervention-for-adhd-with-comorbid-reading-disorders-a-proof-of-concept-study
#7
Rosemary Tannock, Jan C Frijters, Rhonda Martinussen, Erin Jacquelyn White, Abel Ickowicz, Nancy J Benson, Maureen W Lovett
To evaluate the relative efficacy of two reading programs with and without adjunctive stimulant medication for children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and comorbid reading disorder (ADHD+RD). Sixty-five children (7-11 years in age) were assigned randomly to one of three intensive remedial academic programs (phonologically or strategy-based reading instruction, or general academic strategy and social skills training) in combination with either immediate-release methylphenidate or placebo. Multiple-blind procedures were used for medication/placebo, given twice daily...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Learning Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894249/brief-compression-only-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-training-video-and-simulation-with-homemade-mannequin-improves-cpr-skills
#8
Gregory K Wanner, Arayel Osborne, Charlotte H Greene
BACKGROUND: Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) training has traditionally involved classroom-based courses or, more recently, home-based video self-instruction. These methods typically require preparation and purchase fee; which can dissuade many potential bystanders from receiving training. This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of teaching compression-only CPR to previously untrained individuals using our 6-min online CPR training video and skills practice on a homemade mannequin, reproduced by viewers with commonly available items (towel, toilet paper roll, t-shirt)...
November 29, 2016: BMC Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893993/mediated-effects-of-perceived-discrimination-on-adolescent-academic-achievement-a-test-of-four-models
#9
William Hood, Graham L Bradley, Samantha Ferguson
Many adolescents feel they are subjected to acts of discrimination. Research shows that discrimination is associated with adverse outcomes including poor psychological adjustment, school adjustment, and academic achievement. This study investigated alternative pathways through which discrimination affects adolescents' academic achievement. A sample of 244 Year 7-10 Australian secondary school students (65% male; Mage = 13.6 years; SD = 1.24) completed questionnaires measuring discrimination, psychological adjustment, and sense of school membership...
November 25, 2016: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893907/patterns-and-perceptions-of-asynchronous-video-discussion-in-a-graduate-health-sciences-course
#10
Mollie Cummins, Naresh Sundar Rajan, Chad Hodge, Ramkiran Gouripeddi
BACKGROUND: Studies of graduate online education indicate a need for increased interaction among students and faculty. However, it can be challenging to foster a high level of scholarly interaction and engagement in fully online courses. The objective of this study was to evaluate student perceptions and participation patterns related to online, asynchronous video discussion in a graduate health sciences course. METHOD: An asynchronous video discussion was piloted in a 2014 interprofessional informatics course and students were subsequently surveyed to determine their perceptions of this approach...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Nursing Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893903/to-blog-or-not-to-blog-what-do-nursing-faculty-think
#11
Krista Jones, Mary Kate Garrity, Kathryn J VanderZwan, Iris Epstein, Arlene Burla de la Rocha
BACKGROUND: Nurse educators find themselves tasked with developing content that both is aesthetically appealing and engages today's technological learners while empowering them to apply their knowledge in clinical and classroom settings. Students engaging with social networking systems reported increased satisfaction with collaborative peer-to-peer learning experiences, socialization, self-reflection, peer critique, problem-solving skills, collation of evidence-based resources, and instructor performance...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Nursing Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893579/the-psychological-impact-of-first-burn-camp-in-nicaragua
#12
Lisa L Tropez-Arceneaux, Arlen Tatiana Castillo Alaniz, Ivette Lucia Icaza, Eevelyn Alejandra Murillo
Asociacion Pro-Ninos Quemados de Nicaragua (APROQUEN) is a comprehensive burn center that provides a holistic and integrated approach to treating burns. APROQUEN has set the standards internationally with acute treatment for burns, intensive care, reconstructive surgeries, nutritional care, rehabilitation, occupational therapy, and psychological treatment. APROQUEN is excelling within Central and South America with life-saving techniques and quality of care. It is imperative that burn centers in Central America recognize that the treatment of a child with a burn injury surpasses physical care to include psychological treatment for the complete well-being of the child...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893248/can-student-engagement-serve-as-a-motivational-resource-for-academic-coping-persistence-and-learning-during-late-elementary-and-early-middle-school
#13
Ellen A Skinner, Jennifer R Pitzer, Joel S Steele
How children and youth deal with academic challenges and setbacks can make a material difference to their learning and school success. Hence, it is important to investigate the factors that allow students to cope constructively. A process model focused on students' motivational resources was used to frame a study examining whether engagement in the classroom shapes students' academic coping, and whether coping in turn contributes to subsequent persistence on challenging tasks and learning, which then feed back into ongoing engagement...
December 2016: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893060/association-between-allergen-exposure-in-inner-city-schools-and-asthma-morbidity-among-students
#14
William J Sheehan, Perdita Permaul, Carter R Petty, Brent A Coull, Sachin N Baxi, Jonathan M Gaffin, Peggy S Lai, Diane R Gold, Wanda Phipatanakul
Importance: Home aeroallergen exposure is associated with increased asthma morbidity in children, yet little is known about the contribution of school aeroallergen exposures to such morbidity. Objective: To evaluate the effect of school-specific aeroallergen exposures on asthma morbidity among students, adjusting for home exposures. Design, Setting, and Participants: The School Inner-City Asthma Study was a prospective cohort study evaluating 284 students aged 4 to 13 years with asthma who were enrolled from 37 inner-city elementary schools in the northeastern United States between March 1, 2008, and August 31, 2013...
November 21, 2016: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891356/attitudes-and-perceptions-of-medical-undergraduates-towards-mobile-learning-m-learning
#15
Rakesh Narayan Patil, Balaji D Almale, Mrunal Patil, Amit Gujrathi, Supriya Dhakne-Palwe, Anuradha R Patil, Shriram Gosavi
INTRODUCTION: Mobile technology is one of the latest extensions of technological innovations that can be integrated into medical education. With the aid of these devices, students learn faster outside the classroom by having quick access to the internet and easy retrieval of required health related learning resources to keep alongside of recent trend and development. In medicine practice one has to continuously update his/her medical knowledge and mobile learning will serve as a tool for self-directed learning...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889649/heavy-metal-burdens-of-public-primary-school-children-related-to-playground-soils-and-classroom-dusts-in-ibadan-north-west-local-government-area-nigeria
#16
F Akinwunmi, T F Akinhanmi, Z A Atobatele, O Adewole, K Odekunle, L A Arogundade, O O Odukoya, O M Olayiwola, O Ademuyiwa
Information about heavy metal burden of children in Nigeria related to playground soils and classroom dusts is lacking. Playground soil, classroom dust, blood and spot urine samples (n=253) were collected from 6 urban and 2 semi-rural public schools in Ibadan North-West, Nigeria. Samples were analysed for Pb, Cu, Zn, Fe and Mn. Mean blood Pb levels in urban area (male, 41.66±8.78μg/dl vs. female, 40.64±5.46μg/dl) were twice as high as those in semi-rural area (male, 19.71±3.73μg/dl vs. female, 20.65±2...
November 19, 2016: Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889302/preschool-age-chinese-children-s-weight-status-who-classification-parent-ratings-child-family-characteristics
#17
Guang Heng Wang, Tony Xing Tan, Charissa S L Cheah
PURPOSE: We aimed to compare preschool-age Chinese children's weight status based on the WHO guidelines with parental ratings on their children's body type, and child/family demographic characteristics. METHOD: The sample included 171 preschool-age children (M=60.5months, SD=6.7; boys: 46.8%) randomly selected from 23 classrooms. Based on BMIs from their height and weight from physical examinations, the children were divided into three groups using the 2006 WHO guidelines: underweight (n=46), normal weight (n=65), and overweight (n=60)...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886726/what-fosters-concern-for-inequality-among-american-adolescents
#18
Erin A Cech
Understanding cultural beliefs about social and economic inequality is vital to discerning the roadblocks and pathways to addressing that inequality. The foundation of concern for inequality is laid during adolescence, yet scholars understand little about the factors that influence whether and how adolescents come to express such concern. Arguing that structural and cultural contexts are just as consequential as whether adolescents themselves are members of disadvantaged groups, I draw on four theoretical perspectives to identify factors that influence adolescents' concern for addressing inequality: the underdog thesis, intergroup contact theory, the education enlightens thesis, and ideological buttressing...
January 2017: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885976/negative-effect-of-acoustic-panels-on-listening-effort-in-a-classroom-environment
#19
Amyn M Amlani, Timothy A Russo
BACKGROUND: Acoustic panels are used to lessen the pervasive effects of noise and reverberation on speech understanding in a classroom environment. These panels, however, predominately absorb high-frequency energy important to speech understanding. Therefore, a classroom environment treated with acoustic panels might negatively influence the transmission of the target signal, resulting in an increase in listening effort exerted by the listener. PURPOSE: Acoustic panels were installed in a public school environment that did not meet the ANSI-recommended guidelines for classroom design...
November 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884169/study-protocol-implementation-of-a-computer-assisted-intervention-for-autism-in-schools-a-hybrid-type-ii-cluster-randomized-effectiveness-implementation-trial
#20
Melanie Pellecchia, Rinad S Beidas, Steven C Marcus, Jessica Fishman, John R Kimberly, Carolyn C Cannuscio, Erica M Reisinger, Keiran Rump, David S Mandell
BACKGROUND: The number of children diagnosed with autism has rapidly outpaced the capacities of many public school systems to serve them, especially under-resourced, urban school districts. The intensive nature of evidence-based autism interventions, which rely heavily on one-to-one delivery, has caused schools to turn to computer-assisted interventions (CAI). There is little evidence regarding the feasibility, effectiveness, and implementation of CAI in public schools. While CAI has the potential to increase instructional time for students with autism, it may also result in unintended consequences such as reduction in the amount of interpersonal (as opposed to computerized) instruction students receive...
November 25, 2016: Implementation Science: IS
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