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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655912/argemone-oil-an-edible-oil-adulterant-induces-systemic-immunosuppression-in-balb-c-mice-in-an-oral-28-days-repeated-dose-toxicity-study
#1
Payal Mandal, Prachi Tewari, Sachin Kumar, Sarika Yadav, Anjaneya Ayanur, Rajnish K Chaturvedi, Mukul Das, Anurag Tripathi
Consumption of edible oils contaminated with Argemone oil (AO) leads to a clinical condition called "Epidemic dropsy". Earlier studies have reported that metabolism and oxidative stress primarily contributes to AO toxicity, however, the involvement of immune system has not been assessed so far. Therefore, the present study was undertaken to systematically assess the effect of AO exposure on the function of immune system in Balb/c mice. The repeated exposure of AO for 28 days caused prominent regression of spleen and thymus; severe inflammatory changes in spleen depicted by the loss of distinct follicles, increased megakaryocyte infiltration, and enhanced expression levels of inflammatory markers (iNOS & COX-2)...
April 12, 2018: Chemico-biological Interactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643189/elevated-hepatic-cd1d-levels-coincide-with-invariant-nkt-cell-defects-in-chronic-hepatitis-b-virus-infection
#2
Xiaosheng Tan, Yajie Ding, Peng Zhu, Rui Dou, Zhihui Liang, Daofeng Yang, Zhiyong Huang, Wei Wang, Xiongwen Wu, Xiufang Weng
Activation of invariant NKT (iNKT) cells manifests antiviral immune responses in vivo. However, clinical trials have failed to show consistent hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA reduction postadministration of iNKT cell-specific agonist α-galactosylceramide (α-GalCer). In this study, we aimed to investigate HBV infection-related iNKT cell defects and explore iNKT cell-based therapeutic potential for chronic hepatitis B (CHB). Liver specimens from 30 HBV-infected hepatocellular carcinoma patients were collected for CD1d/hepatitis B surface Ag (HBsAg) staining and/or intrahepatic iNKT cell assay...
April 11, 2018: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623561/nkt-cells-in-liver-diseases
#3
REVIEW
Shasha Zhu, Huimin Zhang, Li Bai
Natural killer T cells are innate-like and tissue-resident lymphocytes, which recognize lipid antigens and are enriched in the liver. Natural killer T cells play important roles in infections, tumors, autoimmune diseases, and metabolic diseases. In this study, we summarize recent findings on biology of natural killer T cells and their roles in hepatitis B virus and hepatitis C virus infection, autoimmune liver diseases, alcoholic liver disease, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, and hepatocellular carcinoma...
April 6, 2018: Frontiers of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619756/tissue-specific-phenotype-and-activation-of-inkt-cells-in-morbidly-obese-subjects-interaction-with-adipocytes-and-effect-of-bariatric-surgery
#4
Soledad López, Sara García-Serrano, Carolina Gutierrez-Repiso, Francisca Rodríguez-Pacheco, Ailec Ho-Plagaro, Concepción Santiago-Fernandez, Gonzalo Alba, Marta Cejudo-Guillen, Alberto Rodríguez-Cañete, Sergio Valdes, Lourdes Garrido-Sanchez, David Pozo, Eduardo García-Fuentes
BACKGROUND: The immune response of visceral adipose tissue (VAT) in obesity, in particular the role of invariant natural killer T (iNKT) cells, has not yet been fully elucidated. OBJECTIVE: To characterize iNKT cells and its activation status in VAT and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) in morbidly obese subjects (MO), and to analyze their association with metabolic parameters. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Twenty non-obese and 20 MO subjects underwent Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) and were studied before and 6 months after RYGB...
April 4, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610296/distinct-mhc-class-i-like-interacting-invariant-t-cell-lineage-at-the-forefront-of-mycobacterial-immunity-uncovered-in-xenopus
#5
Eva-Stina Edholm, Maureen Banach, Kun Hyoe Rhoo, Martin S Pavelka, Jacques Robert
The amphibian Xenopus laevis is to date the only species outside of mammals where a MHC class I-like (MHC-like) restricted innate-like (i) T cell subset (iVα6 T cells) reminiscent of CD1d-restricted iNKT cells has been identified and functionally characterized. This provides an attractive in vivo model to study the biological analogies and differences between mammalian iT cells and the evolutionarily antecedent Xenopus iT cell defense system. Here, we report the identification of a unique iT cell subset (Vα45-Jα1...
April 2, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599785/cd1d-restricted-type-ii-nkt-cells-reactive-with-endogenous-hydrophobic-peptides
#6
REVIEW
Yusuke Nishioka, Sakiko Masuda, Utano Tomaru, Akihiro Ishizu
NKT cells belong to a distinct subset of T cells that recognize hydrophobic antigens presented by major histocompatibility complex class I-like molecules, such as CD1d. Because NKT cells stimulated by antigens can activate or suppress other immunocompetent cells through an immediate production of a large amount of cytokines, they are regarded as immunological modulators. CD1d-restricted NKT cells are classified into two subsets, namely, type I and type II. CD1d-restricted type I NKT cells express invariant T cell receptors (TCRs) and react with lipid antigens, including the marine sponge-derived glycolipid α-galactosylceramide...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593743/therapeutic-potential-of-invariant-natural-killer-t-cells-in-autoimmunity
#7
REVIEW
Luc Van Kaer, Lan Wu
Tolerance against self-antigens is regulated by a variety of cell types with immunoregulatory properties, such as CD1d-restricted invariant natural killer T (iNKT) cells. In many experimental models of autoimmunity, iNKT cells promote self-tolerance and protect against autoimmunity. These findings are supported by studies with patients suffering from autoimmune diseases. Based on these studies, the therapeutic potential of iNKT cells in autoimmunity has been explored. Many of these studies have been performed with the potent iNKT cell agonist KRN7000 or its structural variants...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576533/dual-modifications-of-%C3%AE-galactosylceramide-synergize-to-promote-activation-of-human-invariant-natural-killer-t-cells-and-stimulate-anti-tumor-immunity
#8
Divya Chennamadhavuni, Noemi Alejandra Saavedra-Avila, Leandro J Carreño, Matthew J Guberman-Pfeffer, Pooja Arora, Tang Yongqing, Hui-Fern Koay, Dale I Godfrey, Santosh Keshipeddy, Stewart K Richardson, Srinivasan Sundararaj, Jae Ho Lo, Xiangshu Wen, José A Gascón, Weiming Yuan, Jamie Rossjohn, Jérôme Le Nours, Steven A Porcelli, Amy R Howell
Glycosylceramides that activate CD1d-restricted invariant natural killer T (iNKT) cells have potential therapeutic applications for augmenting immune responses against cancer and infections. Previous studies using mouse models identified sphinganine variants of α-galactosylceramide as promising iNKT cell activators that stimulate cytokine responses with a strongly proinflammatory bias. However, the activities of sphinganine variants in mice have generally not translated well to studies of human iNKT cell responses...
March 9, 2018: Cell Chemical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559971/novel-approaches-to-exploiting-invariant-nkt-cells-in-cancer-immunotherapy
#9
REVIEW
Benjamin J Wolf, Jiyoung Elizabeth Choi, Mark A Exley
iNKT cells are a subset of innate-like T cells that utilize an invariant TCR alpha chain complexed with a limited repertoire of TCR beta chains to recognize specific lipid antigens presented by CD1d molecules. Because iNKT cells have an invariant TCR, they can be easily identified and targeted in both humans and mice via standard reagents, making this a population of T cells that has been well characterized. iNKT cells are some of the first cells to respond during an infection. By making different types of cytokines in response to different infection stimuli, iNKT cells help determine what kind of immune response then develops...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29539427/bimodal-cd40-fas-dependent-crosstalk-between-inkt-cells-and-tumor-associated-macrophages-impairs-prostate-cancer-progression
#10
Filippo Cortesi, Gloria Delfanti, Andrea Grilli, Arianna Calcinotto, Francesca Gorini, Ferdinando Pucci, Roberta Lucianò, Matteo Grioni, Alessandra Recchia, Fabio Benigni, Alberto Briganti, Andrea Salonia, Michele De Palma, Silvio Bicciato, Claudio Doglioni, Matteo Bellone, Giulia Casorati, Paolo Dellabona
Heterotypic cellular and molecular interactions in the tumor microenvironment (TME) control cancer progression. Here, we show that CD1d-restricted invariant natural killer (iNKT) cells control prostate cancer (PCa) progression by sculpting the TME. In a mouse PCa model, iNKT cells restrained the pro-angiogenic and immunosuppressive capabilities of tumor-infiltrating immune cells by reducing pro-angiogenic TIE2+ , M2-like macrophages (TEMs), and sustaining pro-inflammatory M1-like macrophages. iNKT cells directly contacted macrophages in the PCa stroma, and iNKT cell transfer into tumor-bearing mice abated TEMs, delaying tumor progression...
March 13, 2018: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29535734/the-role-of-natural-killer-t-cells-in-cancer-a-phenotypical-and-functional-approach
#11
REVIEW
Daniëlle Krijgsman, Marianne Hokland, Peter J K Kuppen
Natural killer T (NKT) cells are a subset of CD1d-restricted T cells at the interface between the innate and adaptive immune system. NKT cells can be subdivided into functional subsets that respond rapidly to a wide variety of glycolipids and stress-related proteins using T- or natural killer (NK) cell-like effector mechanisms. Because of their major modulating effects on immune responses via secretion of cytokines, NKT cells are also considered important players in tumor immunosurveillance. During early tumor development, T helper (TH )1-like NKT cell subsets have the potential to rapidly stimulate tumor-specific T cells and effector NK cells that can eliminate tumor cells...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29520280/the-influence-of-invariant-natural-killer-t-cells-on-humoral-immunity-to-t-dependent-and-independent-antigens
#12
REVIEW
Mark L Lang
Vaccination with CD1d-binding glycolipid adjuvants and co-administered protein, lipid, and carbohydrate antigens leads to invariant natural killer T (NKT) cell-dependent enhancement of protective B cell responses. NKT cell activation boosts the establishment of protein antigen-specific B cell memory and long-lived plasma cell (LLPC) compartments. NKT cells may exert a similar effect on some carbohydrate-specific B cells, but not lipid-specific B cells. The mechanisms of action of NKT cells on B cell responsiveness and subsequent differentiation into memory B cells and LLPC is dependent on CD1d expression by dendritic cells and B cells that can co-present glycolipids on CD1d and antigen-derived peptide on MHCII...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29509047/adipocyte-cd1d-determines-adipose-inflammation-and-insulin-resistance-in-obesity
#13
Jin Young Huh, Yoon Jeong Park, Jae Bum Kim
Obesity-induced adipose tissue inflammation is regulated by various immune cells for innate and adaptive immunity. Among adipose tissue immune cells, it has been proposed that invariant Natural Killer T (iNKT) cells play crucial roles in anti-inflammatory responses in obesity. iNKT cells recognize 'lipid' antigens loaded on CD1d of antigen presenting cells and modulate immune responses by secreting Th1 or Th2 type cytokines depending on species of lipid antigens, antigen presenting cell types, and environmental cytokine milieu...
March 6, 2018: Adipocyte
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29504657/differential-surface-phenotype-and-context-dependent-reactivity-of-functionally-diverse-nkt-cells
#14
Garth Cameron, Dale I Godfrey
Natural Killer T (NKT) cells are a functionally diverse population that recognize lipid-based antigens in association with the antigen-presenting molecule CD1d. Here we define a technique to separate the functionally distinct thymic NKT1, NKT2 and NKT17 cell subsets by their surface expression of CD279 (ICOS) and the activation-associated glycoform of CD43, enabling the investigation of subset-specific effector-functions. We report that all three subsets express the transcription factor GATA-3 and the potential to produce IL-4 and IL-10 following activation...
March 5, 2018: Immunology and Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474842/inkt-cell-mediated-xcl1-xcr1-axis-promotes-allergic-airway-hyperresponsiveness-by-recruiting-cd103-dendritic-cells
#15
Yeon Duk Woo, Jaemoon Koh, Hye-Ryun Kang, Hye Young Kim, Doo Hyun Chung
BACKGROUND: The XCL1-XCR1 axis has been reported to play a role in immune homeostasis and inflammation. However, it is not known whether this axis has a critical function in allergic asthma. OBJECTIVE: In the present study, we explored that the iNKT cell-mediated XCL1-XCR1 axis regulated the allergic asthma. METHODS: Ovalbumin (OVA) or house dust mite (HDM)-induced asthma was developed in XCL1 or XCR1 knockout (KO) mice. RESULTS: XCL1 or XCR1 KO mice showed attenuation in airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR), numbers of CD103+ dendritic cells (DCs), and Th2 responses in the lungs compared with wild-type (WT) mice during OVA or HDM-induced asthma...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449556/cd1d-dependent-immune-suppression-mediated-by-regulatory-b-cells-through-modulations-of-inkt-cells
#16
K Oleinika, E C Rosser, D E Matei, K Nistala, A Bosma, I Drozdov, C Mauri
Regulatory B cells (Breg) express high levels of CD1d that presents lipid antigens to invariant natural killer T (iNKT) cells. The function of CD1d in Breg biology and iNKT cell activity during inflammation remains unclear. Here we show, using chimeric mice, cell depletion and adoptive cell transfer, that CD1d-lipid presentation by Bregs induces iNKT cells to secrete interferon (IFN)-γ to contribute, partially, to the downregulation of T helper (Th)1 and Th17-adaptive immune responses and ameliorate experimental arthritis...
February 15, 2018: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434853/intracellular-il-4-and-ifn-%C3%AE-expression-in-inkt-cells-from-patients-with-chronic-lymphocytic-leukemia
#17
Agnieszka Bojarska-Junak, Małgorzata Waldowska, Justyna Woś, Sylwia Chocholska, Iwona Hus, Waldemar Tomczak, Michał Dzik, Marek Hus, Jacek Roliński
Malignant B cells in chronic lymphocytic leukemia serve an essential role in the whole immune response, so their interactions with other immune cells are more complex than observed in solid tumors. The latest study results indicate that the immune dysregulation in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) also affects a small population of invariant natural killer T cells (iNKT). Using peripheral blood iNKT cells obtained from patients with CLL, the objective of the present study was to assess the intracellular expression of typical cytokines involved in the Th1 (IFN-γ) and Th2 (IL-4) response pathways following stimulation with the iNKT-specific ligand α-galactosylceramide...
February 2018: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29419749/deficiency-of-invariant-natural-killer-t-cells-does-not-protect-against-obesity-but-exacerbates-atherosclerosis-in-ldlr-mice
#18
Savitha Subramanian, Leela Goodspeed, Shari Wang, Yilei Ding, Kevin D O'Brien, Godfrey S Getz, Alan Chait, Catherine A Reardon
Obesity is a chronic inflammatory state characterized by altered levels of adipose tissue immune cell populations. Natural killer T (NKT) cells are CD1d restricted lymphocyte subsets that recognize lipid antigens whose level decreases in obese adipose tissue. However, studies in mice with deficiency or increased levels of NKT cells have yielded contradictory results, so the exact role of these cells in obesity and adipose tissue inflammation is not yet established. We previously showed that Ldlr-/- mice with excess invariant NKT (iNKT) cells demonstrate significant weight gain, adiposity, metabolic abnormalities, and atherosclerosis...
February 8, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406905/autoimmunity-in-multiple-sclerosis-role-of-sphingolipids-invariant-nkt-cells-and-other-immune-elements-in-control-of-inflammation-and-neurodegeneration
#19
REVIEW
Maria Podbielska, Joan O'Keeffe, Edward L Hogan
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is the most common demyelinating disease of the central nervous system. It is classified as being an autoimmune response in the genetically susceptible individual to a persistent but unidentified antigen(s). Both the adaptive and the innate immune systems are likely to contribute significantly to MS pathogenesis. This review summarizes current understanding of the characteristics of MS autoimmunity in the initiation and progression of the disease. In particular we find it timely to classify the autoimmune responses by focusing on the immunogenic features of myelin-derived lipids in MS including molecular mimicry; on alterations of bioactive sphingolipids mediators in MS; and on functional roles for regulatory effector cells, including innate lymphocyte populations, like the invariant NKT (iNKT) cells which bridge adaptive and innate immune systems...
February 15, 2018: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29389901/the-janus-face-of-nkt-cell-function-in-autoimmunity-and-infectious-diseases
#20
REVIEW
Alessandra Torina, Giuliana Guggino, Marco Pio La Manna, Guido Sireci
Natural killer T cells (NKT) are a subset of T lymphocytes bridging innate and adaptive immunity. These cells recognize self and microbial glycolipids bound to non-polymorphic and highly conserved CD1d molecules. Three NKT cell subsets, type I, II, and NKT-like expressing different antigen receptors (TCR) were described and TCR activation promotes intracellular events leading to specific functional activities. NKT can exhibit different functions depending on the secretion of soluble molecules and the interaction with other cell types...
February 1, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
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