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Family Nutrition Education Programs

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913659/formative-research-using-a-community-based-participatory-research-approach-to-develop-an-oral-health-intervention-for-migrant-mexican-families
#1
Tracy L Finlayson, Padideh Asgari, Lisa Hoffman, Ana Palomo-Zerfas, Martha Gonzalez, Nannette Stamm, Maria-Isabel Rocha, Arcela Nunez-Alvarez
Oral health is a leading unmet health need among migrant families. This article describes the 1-year, community-based participatory research (CBPR) approach employed to plan and develop a Líder Communitario (lay community health worker)-led educational intervention for Mexican migrant adult caregivers and their families in three underserved, remote communities in North San Diego County, California. Four partner organizations collaborated, reviewed existing oral health curricula, and sought extensive input on educational topics and research design from key informants, migrant caregivers, and Líderes Communitarios...
December 1, 2016: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906557/barriers-to-human-milk-feeding-at-discharge-of-very-low-birth-weight-infants-maternal-goal-setting-as-a-key-social-factor
#2
Erin Fleurant, Michael Schoeny, Rebecca Hoban, Ifeyinwa V Asiodu, Brittany Riley, Paula P Meier, Harold Bigger, Aloka L Patel
BACKGROUND: While black mothers initiate human milk (HM) provision at lower rates than non-black mothers in the United States, some neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) report similar initiation rates regardless of race/ethnicity for mothers of very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) infants. However, racial disparity frequently becomes evident in the proportion of black infants who continue to receive HM feedings at NICU discharge. Since social factors have been associated with differences in HM provision for term infants, we sought to identify differences in social factors associated with HM feeding at discharge based on race/ethnicity...
December 1, 2016: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900514/process-evaluation-of-a-community-garden-at-an-urban-outpatient-clinic
#3
Brandy-Joe Milliron, Mara Z Vitolins, Elizabeth Gamble, Robert Jones, Margaret C Chenault, Janet A Tooze
In addition to expediting patient recovery, community gardens that are associated with medical facilities can provide fresh produce to patients and their families, serve as a platform for clinic-based nutrition education, and help patients develop new skills and insights that can lead to positive health behavior change. While community gardening is undergoing resurgence, there is a strong need for evaluation studies that employ valid and reliable measures. The objective of this study was to conduct a process evaluation of a community garden program at an urban medical clinic to estimate the prevalence of patient awareness and participation, food security, barriers to participation, and personal characteristics; garden volunteer satisfaction; and clinic staff perspectives in using the garden for patient education/treatment...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894303/integrated-agriculture-programs-to-address-malnutrition-in-northern-malawi
#4
Rachel Bezner Kerr, Emmanuel Chilanga, Hanson Nyantakyi-Frimpong, Isaac Luginaah, Esther Lupafya
BACKGROUND: In countries where the majority of undernourished people are smallholder farmers, there has been interest in agricultural interventions to improve nutritional outcomes. Addressing gender inequality, however, is a key mechanism by which agriculture can improve nutrition, since women often play a crucial role in farming, food processing and child care, but have limited decision-making and control over agricultural resources. This study examines the approaches by which gender equity in agrarian, resource-poor settings can be improved using a case study in Malawi...
November 28, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872273/-what-s-cooking-qualitative-evaluation-of-a-head-start-parent-child-pilot-cooking-program
#5
M Elizabeth Miller, Julia L Kaesberg, Victoria B Thompson, Rachel A Wyand
Providing access to nutritious foods is crucial for low-income populations, but increasing nutrition-related skills and attitudes such as food preparation, feeding practices, and positive perceptions around healthy foods to establish sustainable behavior change are paramount for the development of healthy lifestyles. This qualitative study was designed to evaluate the What's Cooking pilot program. A total of 15 participants were recruited from two Head Start schools through flyers, text messages, and e-mails...
November 21, 2016: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848725/results-from-south-africa-s-2016-report-card-on-physical-activity-for-children-and-youth
#6
Monika Uys, Susan Bassett, Catherine E Draper, Lisa Micklesfield, Andries Monyeki, Anniza de Villiers, Estelle V Lambert
BACKGROUND: We present results of the 2016 Healthy Active Kids South Africa (HAKSA) Report Card on the current status of physical activity (PA) and nutrition in South African youth. The context in which we interpret the findings is that participation in PA is a fundamental human right, along with the right to "attainment of the highest standard of health." METHODS: The HAKSA 2016 Writing Group was comprised of 33 authorities in physical education, exercise science, nutrition, public health, and journalism...
November 2016: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837036/combining-home-garden-poultry-and-nutrition-education-program-targeted-to-families-with-young-children-improved-anemia-among-children-and-anemia-and-underweight-among-nonpregnant-women-in-nepal
#7
Akoto Osei, Pooja Pandey, Jennifer Nielsen, Alissa Pries, David Spiro, Dale Davis, Victoria Quinn, Nancy Haselow
BACKGROUND: The impact of food-based interventions on child and maternal anthropometry and anemia has not been adequately studied. OBJECTIVE: This study tested the effect of an enhanced homestead food production (EHFP) program consisting of home garden, poultry raising, and nutrition education implemented over 2.5 years versus control (no intervention) on anthropometry and anemia among children (12-48 months) and their mothers. METHODS: An unblinded cluster-randomized controlled trial involving pre- and post-surveys with independent samples was conducted in rural areas of Baitadi District, Nepal...
November 11, 2016: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821303/child-access-to-the-nutritional-safety-net-during-and-after-the-great-recession-the-case-of-wic
#8
Margot I Jackson, Patrick Mayne
Because children disproportionately live in poverty, they are especially vulnerable during economic crises, making the social safety net a key buffer against the effects of economic disadvantage on their development. The Great Recession of 2007-2009 had strong and lasting effects on American children and families, including striking negative effects on their health environments. Understanding access to the health safety net during this time of increased economic need, as well as the extent to which all children-regardless of age, income or race/ethnicity-share in the increased use of transfer programs, is therefore important in identifying the availability and accessibility of government assistance for those in need...
December 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816856/improving-dietary-diversity-of-school-adolescents-through-school-based-nutrition-education-and-home-gardening-in-jimma-zone-quasi-experimental-design
#9
Dessalegn Tamiru, Alemayehu Argaw, Mulusew Gerbaba, Aderajew Nigussie, Girmay Ayana, Tefera Belachew
PURPOSE: The purpose of this operational study was to assess the effectiveness school-based health and nutrition intervention supported with backyard gardening on the dietary diversity among school adolescents. METHODS: A total of 1000 school adolescents from 10 to 19years were selected randomly. The intervention involved peer-led behavior change communication and health promotion through school media and health clubs. Data were collected at baseline, midline and end-line using structured questionnaires...
December 2016: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796413/an-assessment-of-the-francois-xavier-bagnoud-poverty-alleviation-program-in-rwanda-and-uganda
#10
Michael O Harhay, Mary C Smith Fawzi, Sacha Jeanneret, Damascène Ndayisaba, William Kibaalya, Emily A Harrison, Dylan S Small
OBJECTIVES: We evaluate the three-year community-based FXBVillage poverty-alleviation model, which provides extremely poor families with sustained social support and graduated material support for education, healthcare, housing, nutrition, and income-generation. METHODS: We combine a pre/post analysis of participant households in Rwanda (n = 912) and Uganda (n = 628) with construction and assessment of a combined multivariable household wealth index comparing FXBVillage data with national Demographic Health Surveys...
October 28, 2016: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760535/the-haiti-medical-education-project-development-and-analysis-of-a-competency-based-continuing-medical-education-course-in-haiti-through-distance-learning
#11
Robert Battat, Marc Jhonson, Lorne Wiseblatt, Cruff Renard, Laura Habib, Manouchka Normil, Brian Remillard, Timothy F Brewer, Galit Sacajiu
BACKGROUND: Recent calls for reform in healthcare training emphasize using competency-based curricula and information technology-empowered learning. Continuing Medical Education programs are essential in maintaining physician accreditation. Haitian physicians have expressed a lack access to these activities. The Haiti Medical Education Project works in alliance with Haitian medical leadership, faculty and students to support the Country's medical education system. We present the creation, delivery and evaluation of a competency-based continuing medical education curriculum for physicians in rural Haiti...
October 19, 2016: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756847/optimizing-transition-to-home-enteral-nutrition-for-pediatric-patients
#12
Wednesday Marie A Sevilla, Barbara McElhanon
Enteral nutrition is delivered via the gastrointestinal tract when oral intake is not sufficient to maintain nutrition status. There is evidence that long-term home enteral nutrition (HEN) can be advantageous to pediatric patients by improving quality of life and function. Data from pediatric patients receiving either nasogastric tube or gastrostomy tube feeds indicate good outcomes in terms of maintaining and improving nutrition status as evidenced by anthropometric measurements. As the number of pediatric patients requiring HEN increases, development of an effective program to allow smooth transition to the home is necessary...
October 18, 2016: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756346/using-the-intervention-mapping-protocol-to-develop-a-family-based-intervention-for-improving-lifestyle-habits-among-overweight-and-obese-children-study-protocol-for-a-quasi-experimental-trial
#13
Tonje Holte Stea, Tommy Haugen, Sveinung Berntsen, Vigdis Guttormsen, Nina Cecilie Øverby, Kristin Haraldstad, Eivind Meland, Eirik Abildsnes
BACKGROUND: In light of the high prevalence of childhood overweight and obesity, there is a need of developing effective prevention programs to address the rising prevalence and the concomitant health consequences. The main aim of the present study is to systematically develop and implement a tailored family-based intervention for improving lifestyle habits among overweight and obese children, aged 6-10 years old, enhancing parental self-efficacy, family engagement and parent-child interaction...
October 18, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27753808/ssa-03-3-dietary-salt-intake-and-hypertension-in-singapore
#14
Vernon Min Sen Oh
According to the Singapore National Health Survey (NHS) of 2010, the population of the Republic of Singapore was 5.076,700, comprising four ethnic groups: Chinese (74.1%), Malays (13.4%), Indians (9.2%), and others (3.3%). The National Health Survey for 2016 is under way and due to be published in 2017. From the six-yearly national health surveys, the crude prevalence of clinical hypertension (HTn), defined as a sustained blood pressure ≥ 140/90 mmHg, in Singaporean residents aged 30 to 69 years rose from 22...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27726051/community-schools-a-public-health-opportunity-to-reverse-urban-cycles-of-disadvantage
#15
Catherine Diamond, Nicholas Freudenberg
Community schools link students, families, and communities to educate children and strengthen neighborhoods. They have become a popular model for education in many US cities in part because they build on community assets and address multiple determinants of educational disadvantage. Since community schools seek to have an impact on populations, not just the children enrolled, they provide an opportunity to improve community health. Community schools influence the health and education of neighborhood residents though three pathways: building trust, establishing norms, and linking people to networks and services...
October 10, 2016: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27720707/perspectives-on-learning-to-cook-and-public-support-for-cooking-education-policies-in-the-united-states-a-mixed-methods-study
#16
Julia A Wolfson, Shannon Frattaroli, Sara N Bleich, Katherine Clegg Smith, Stephen P Teret
Declines in cooking skills in the United States may contribute to poor diet quality and high obesity rates. Little is known about how Americans learn to cook or their support for cooking education policies. The objective of this study was to examine how Americans learn to cook, attributions of responsibility for teaching children how to cook, and public support for policies to teach cooking skills. We used a concurrent, triangulation mixed-methods design that combined qualitative focus group data (from 7 focus groups in Baltimore, MD (N = 53)) with quantitative survey data from a nationally representative, web-based survey (N = 1112)...
October 5, 2016: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27720105/a-systematic-review-of-the-impact-of-multi-strategy-nutrition-education-programs-on-health-and-nutrition-of-adolescents
#17
Sarah Meiklejohn, Lisa Ryan, Claire Palermo
OBJECTIVE: To update evidence on the impact of multi-strategy nutrition education interventions on adolescents' health and nutrition outcomes and behaviors. DESIGN: Systematic review of randomized controlled studies of multi-strategy interventions encompassing nutrition education published from 2000 to 2014 guided by the Preferred Reported Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses statement. SETTING: Secondary schools in developed countries...
October 2016: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27710827/the-importance-of-matching-the-evaluation-population-to-the-intervention-population-using-medicaid-data-to-reach-hard-to-reach-intervention-populations
#18
Natoshia M Askelson, Elizabeth H Golembiewski, Barbara Baquero, Elizabeth T Momany, Julia Friberg, Doris Montgomery
Subject recruitment is a challenge for researchers and evaluators, particularly with populations that are traditionally hard to reach and involve in research, such as low-income and minority groups. However, when the evaluation sample does not reflect a program's intended audience, the discrepancy may lead to evaluation results that are not valid for that audience. We conducted evaluation activities for a state Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program-Education (SNAP-Ed) intervention that promotes consumption of fruits and vegetables (F&V) in low-income areas...
September 28, 2016: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27687617/an-empirical-analysis-of-the-association-between-cigarette-smoking-and-participation-in-the-supplemental-nutrition-assistance-program
#19
Grace Bagwell Adams
PURPOSE: To examine the association between smoking and participation in Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) among low-income families. DESIGN: A quasi-experimental design using pooled cross-sectional data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics' Consumer Expenditure Diary Survey. SETTING: A national, representative sample of US households from 2005 through 2012. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 19 395 low-income households...
September 28, 2016: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27683869/snap-ed-supplemental-nutrition-assistance-program-education-increases-long-term-food-security-among-indiana-households-with-children-in-a-randomized-controlled-study
#20
Rebecca L Rivera, Melissa K Maulding, Angela R Abbott, Bruce A Craig, Heather A Eicher-Miller
BACKGROUND: Food insecurity is negatively associated with US children's dietary intake and health. The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program-Education (SNAP-Ed) aims to alleviate food insecurity by offering nutrition, budgeting, and healthy lifestyle education to low-income individuals and families. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the long-term impact of the Indiana SNAP-Ed on food security among households with children. METHODS: A randomized, controlled, parallel study design with SNAP-Ed as an intervention was carried out during a 4- to 10-wk intervention period...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Nutrition
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