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Family Nutrition Education Programs

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547854/nucleus-accumbens-functional-connectivity-at-age-20-is-associated-with-trajectory-of-adolescent-cannabis-use-and-predicts-psychosocial-functioning-in-young-adulthood
#1
Sarah D Lichenstein, Samuel Musselman, Daniel S Shaw, Stephanie Sitnick, Erika E Forbes
AIMS: To identify trajectories of cannabis use across adolescence, 2) to measure the influence of cannabis use characteristics on functional connectivity of the nucleus accumbens (NAcc), and 3) to assess whether patterns of functional connectivity related to cannabis use are associated with psychosocial functioning 2 years later. DESIGN: The Pitt Mother & Child Project (PMCP) is a prospective, longitudinal study of male youth at high risk for psychopathology based on family income and gender...
May 26, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537514/novel-family-centered-intervention-to-improve-nutrition-in-patients-recovering-from-critical-illness-a-feasibility-study
#2
Andrea P Marshall, Margot Lemieux, Rupinder Dhaliwal, Hilda Seyler, Kristen N MacEachern, Daren K Heyland
BACKGROUND: Critically ill patients are at increased risk of developing malnutrition-related complications because of physiological changes, suboptimal delivery, and reduced intake. Strategies to improve nutrition during critical illness recovery are required to prevent iatrogenic underfeeding and risk of malnutrition. The purpose of this study was to assess the feasibility and acceptability of a novel family-centered intervention to improve nutrition in critically ill patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A 3-phase, prospective cohort feasibility study was conducted in 4 intensive care units (ICUs) across 2 countries...
June 2017: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529114/perceptions-of-healthy-eating-amongst-indian-adolescents-in-india-and-canada
#3
Natasha Correa, Divya Rajaraman, Sumathi Swaminathan, Mario Vaz, K G Jayachitra, Scott A Lear, Zubin Punthakee
INTRODUCTION: Dietary patterns have contributed to the rising prevalence of overweight and obesity among Indian adolescents. Yet there are limited studies on their perspectives on healthy eating. The purpose of this study was to understand perceptions and attitudes of Indian-origin adolescents in India and Canada that may contribute to healthy eating behaviour. METHODS: Qualitative data collection and analysis of 13 focus group discussions (FGD) was conducted among 34 boys and 39 girls (total number of participants: 73) of different weight and socioeconomic status (SES) in rural and urban India, and urban Canada aged 11-18 years...
May 18, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520551/strategies-for-sustained-weight-management-perspectives-from-african-american-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#4
Stephanie L Fitzpatrick, Felicia Hill-Briggs
Purpose The purpose of this study was to identify effective strategies for sustained weight management used by African American patients with obesity and type 2 diabetes. Methods In this study, nominal group technique was used to identify effective strategies for weight management used by 12 African Americans with overweight/obesity and type 2 diabetes who successfully lost or maintained their weight after completing DECIDE (Decision-making Education for Choices In Diabetes Everyday), a 9-module, literacy-adapted diabetes and cardiovascular disease (CVD) education and problem-solving training program...
June 2017: Diabetes Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476154/cluster-randomized-evaluation-of-adolescent-girls-empowerment-programme-agep-study-protocol
#5
Paul C Hewett, Karen Austrian, Erica Soler-Hampejsek, Jere R Behrman, Fiammetta Bozzani, Natalie A Jackson-Hachonda
BACKGROUND: Adolescents in less developed countries such as Zambia often face multi-faceted challenges for achieving successful transitions through adolescence to early adulthood. The literature has noted the need to introduce interventions during this period, particularly for adolescent girls, with the perspective that such investments have significant economic, social and health returns to society. The Adolescent Girls Empowerment Programme (AGEP) was an intervention designed as a catalyst for change for adolescent girls through themselves, to their family and community...
May 5, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464868/nutritional-status-and-correlated-socio-economic-factors-among-preschool-and-school-children-in-plantation-communities-sri-lanka
#6
Lahiru Sandaruwan Galgamuwa, Devika Iddawela, Samath D Dharmaratne, G L S Galgamuwa
BACKGROUND: Child malnutrition is a major public health concern worldwide, leading to higher morbidity and mortality. It is mostly preventable through public health and economic development. The aim of the present study was to determine socio-economic factors associated with nutritional status among children in plantation communities, Sri Lanka. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed among preschool and school going children in three rural communities of Sri Lanka from January to August 2014...
May 2, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455262/examining-the-impact-of-a-school-based-fruit-and-vegetable-co-op-in-the-hispanic-community-through-documentary-photography
#7
Lani Alcazar, Margaret Raber, Kimberly Lopez, Christine Markham, Shreela Sharma
Hispanic families are at elevated risk for certain diet related illnesses including obesity and diabetes. Brighter Bites is a 16-week school-based program that delivers produce and nutrition education to high-need areas. The purpose of this study was to explore the adoption of Brighter Bites healthy eating strategies in low-income Spanish-speaking families as well as barriers to the sustainability of improved dietary behaviors using Photovoice. Two researchers worked with a predominately Hispanic, low-income public school to conduct the project...
April 26, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425888/-satisfa%C3%A3-%C3%A3-o-com-o-internato-m%C3%A3-dico-em-portugal
#8
Miguel Bigotte Vieira, Pedro Godinho, Nuno Gaibino, Raquel Dias, Agostinho Sousa, Inês Madanelo, Francisco Ribeiro-Mourão, Mariana Brandão, Sónia Duarte, Tiago Meirinhos, Ana Luísa Catarino, Cláudio Espírito Santo, Ricardo Caiado, Ricardo Marques, Ana Gonçalves Ferreira, Carlos Ramalheira, João Valente Jorge, Marta Losada, Mário Santos, Edson Oliveira, João Paulo Farias, José Manuel Silva
INTRODUCTION: In the last years, the global context of medical education and Medical Residency programs in Portugal suffered substantial changes. The primary objective of this study was to evaluate and characterize medical residents ́ satisfaction with medical residency programs in Portugal and to identify features that could be improved. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We utilized as model the survey Postgraduate Hospital Educational Environment Measure that has been developed in the United Kingdom and is speci cally targeted to medical residents...
December 30, 2016: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401662/early-life-programming-of-attention-capacity-in-adolescents-the-helena-study
#9
Irene Esteban-Cornejo, Pontus Henriksson, Cristina Cadenas-Sanchez, Jérémy Vanhelst, Maria Forsner, Frederic Gottrand, Mathilde Kersting, Luis A Moreno, Jonatan R Ruiz, Kurt Widhalm, Francisco B Ortega
The study aims to examine the individual and combined association of early life factors (birth weight, birth length, and any and exclusive breastfeeding) with attention capacity in adolescents. The study included 421 European adolescents (243 girls), aged 12.5-17.5 years, who participated in the Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence Study. Body weight and length at birth of adolescents were collected from parental records. The duration of any and exclusive breastfeeding were self-reported...
April 11, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401139/family-physician-led-team-based-lifestyle-intervention-in-patients-with-metabolic-syndrome-results-of-a-multicentre-feasibility-project
#10
Khursheed Jeejeebhoy, Rupinder Dhaliwal, Daren K Heyland, Roger Leung, Andrew G Day, Paula Brauer, Dawna Royall, Angelo Tremblay, David M Mutch, Lew Pliamm, Caroline Rhéaume, Doug Klein
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a medical condition with major complications and health care costs. Previous research has shown that diet and exercise can improve and reverse this condition. The goal of this study was to test the feasibility and effectiveness of implementing the Canadian Health Advanced by Nutrition and Graded Exercise (CHANGE) program into diverse family medicine practices to improve MetS. METHODS: In this longitudinal before-after study, 305 adult patients with MetS were recruited from 3 diverse family medicine team-based organizations to the CHANGE personalized diet and exercise program...
January 2017: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390403/farm-fresh-foods-for-healthy-kids-f3hk-an-innovative-community-supported-agriculture-intervention-to-prevent-childhood-obesity-in-low-income-families-and-strengthen-local-agricultural-economies
#11
Rebecca A Seguin, Emily H Morgan, Karla L Hanson, Alice S Ammerman, Stephanie B Jilcott Pitts, Jane Kolodinsky, Marilyn Sitaker, Florence A Becot, Leah M Connor, Jennifer A Garner, Jared T McGuirt
BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity persists in the United States and is associated with serious health problems. Higher rates of obesity among children from disadvantaged households may be, in part, attributable to disparities in access to healthy foods such as fruits and vegetables. Community supported agriculture can improve access to and consumption of fresh produce, but the upfront payment structure, logistical barriers, and unfamiliarity with produce items may inhibit participation by low-income families...
April 8, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283032/sustainability-via-active-garden-education-sage-results-from-two-feasibility-pilot-studies
#12
Rebecca E Lee, Nathan H Parker, Erica G Soltero, Tracey A Ledoux, Scherezade K Mama, Lorna McNeill
BACKGROUND: Low physical activity (PA) and fruit and vegetable (F&V) consumption in early childhood are continued public health challenges. This manuscript describes outcomes from two pilot studies for Sustainability via Active Garden Education (SAGE), a program designed to increase PA and F&V consumption among 3 to 5 year old children. METHODS: SAGE was developed using community-based participatory research (CBPR) and delivered to children (N = 89) in early care and education centers (ECEC, N = 6) in two US cities...
March 10, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260244/lessons-learned-from-the-implementation-of-brighter-bites-a-food-co-op-to-increase-access-to-fruits-and-vegetables-and-nutrition-education-among-low-income-children-and-their-families
#13
Shreela V Sharma, Joanne Chow, Michael Pomeroy, Margaret Raber, David Salako, Christine Markham
BACKGROUND: Food co-op models have gained popularity as a mechanism for offering affordable, quality produce. We describe the challenges, successes, and lessons learned from implementation of a school-based program using a food co-op model combined with nutrition education to improve access to and intake of fresh fruits and vegetables among low-income children and their families. METHODS: Brighter Bites is a 16-week intervention comprising of fresh produce deliveries, recipe demonstrations, and nutrition education...
April 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259745/low-income-urban-mothers-experiences-with-the-supplemental-nutrition-assistance-program
#14
Sarah Robbins, Anna K Ettinger, Carolyn Keefe, Anne Riley, Pamela J Surkan
BACKGROUND: Food insecurity remains a public health concern in the United States, particularly among low-income urban ethnically diverse families, even with the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP). Limited phenomenologic data exist to capture how programmatic changes to SNAP address the needs of users and why a gap in SNAP use may exist. OBJECTIVE: The primary aim of this study was to examine the experiences of low-income, Baltimore, MD, mothers in applying for and maintaining access to SNAP...
March 1, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245565/prevalence-and-determinants-of-overweight-and-obesity-in-children-and-adolescents-from-migrant-and-seasonal-farmworker-families-in-the-united-states-a-systematic-review-and-qualitative-assessment
#15
REVIEW
Yuen Mei Lim, SuJin Song, Won O Song
Overweight and obesity (OW/OB) is a pressing health concern among migrant and seasonal farmworker (MSFW) families in the US. The limited number of previously reported research on MSFW families suggests that their unique sociodemographic characteristics and lifestyle predispose them to poor health outcomes including OW/OB. We aimed to synthesize and assess available data on the prevalence and modifiable health determinants of OW/OB in MSFW children and adolescents. Literature search, study selection, data extraction and synthesis, and qualitative assessment of selected studies were performed independently by two authors...
February 24, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225052/building-better-bones-in-childhood-a-randomized-controlled-study-to-test-the-efficacy-of-a-dietary-intervention-program-to-increase-calcium-intake
#16
D R Weber, L J Stark, R F Ittenbach, V A Stallings, B S Zemel
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Many children do not consume the recommended daily allowance of calcium. Inadequate calcium intake in childhood may limit bone accrual. The objective of this study was to determine if a behavioral modification and nutritional education (BM-NE) intervention improved dietary calcium intake and bone accrual in children. SUBJECTS/METHODS: 139 (86 female) healthy children, 7-10 years of age, were enrolled in this randomized controlled trial conducted over 36 months...
February 22, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216189/rotavirus-immunization-global-coverage-and-local-barriers-for-implementation
#17
Andrea Lo Vecchio, Ilaria Liguoro, Jorge Amil Dias, James A Berkley, Chris Boey, Mitchell B Cohen, Sylvia Cruchet, Eduardo Salazar-Lindo, Samir Podder, Bhupinder Sandhu, Philip M Sherman, Toshiaki Shimizu, Alfredo Guarino
BACKGROUND: Rotavirus (RV) is a major agent of gastroenteritis and an important cause of child death worldwide. Immunization (RVI) has been available since 2006, and the Federation of International Societies of Gastroenterology Hepatology and Nutrition (FISPGHAN) identified RVI as a top priority for the control of diarrheal illness. A FISPGHAN working group on acute diarrhea aimed at estimating the current RVI coverage worldwide and identifying barriers to implementation at local level...
February 16, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174231/should-bariatric-surgery-be-performed-in-adolescents
#18
REVIEW
Andrew J Beamish, Thomas Reinehr
Adolescent obesity has markedly increased worldwide in both its extent and prevalence in recent decades and obesity prevention strategies are failing. As a result, effective treatment strategies are urgently needed. As behavioral and pharmacological treatment approaches have only moderate effects in severe obesity, bariatric surgery has begun to emerge as a treatment option. In this debate article, we offer arguments opposing and supporting bariatric surgery in the treatment of severe obesity in adolescents...
April 2017: European Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156578/piloting-survivorship-care-planning-with-the-metastatic-breast-cancer-patient
#19
Catherine Saiki, Jane Zorzi, Vered Stearns, Antonio C Wolff
146 Background: Emotional distress and poor symptom management are highly prevalent among patients with metastatic breast cancer (MBC). A high disease burden can further negatively impact these patients' quality of life. To address the evolving survivorship needs in their trajectory from initial diagnosis of advanced disease to end-of-life care, patients with MBC require prompt assessment, reevaluation, and specialized support services. Limited survivorship resources are devoted to this patient population and greater attention to their needs is warranted...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152998/critical-appraisal-of-advance-directives-given-by-patients-with-fatal-acute-stroke-an-observational-cohort-study
#20
A Alonso, D Dörr, K Szabo
BACKGROUND: Advance directives (AD) imply the promise of determining future medical treatment in case of decisional incapacity. However, clinical practice increasingly indicates that standardized ADs often fail to support patients' autonomy. To date, little data are available about the quality and impact of ADs on end-of-life decisions for incapacitated acute stroke patients. METHODS: We analyzed the ADs of patients with fatal stroke, focusing on: (a) their availability and type, (b) stated circumstances to which the AD should apply, and (c) stated wishes regarding specific treatment options...
February 2, 2017: BMC Medical Ethics
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