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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893143/association-between-wic-enrollment-and-exclusive-breastfeeding-at-3-months-postpartum-among-low-income-mothers
#1
John Francescon, Zelalem T Haile, David Kling, Ilana Chertok
CONTEXT: Existing literature suggests participation in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) in the prenatal and postnatal periods is associated with lower rates of breastfeeding among WIC-eligible mothers. However, minimal research has been published on the association between WIC enrollment and exclusive breastfeeding. OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between WIC exposure and exclusive breastfeeding at 3 months postpartum...
December 1, 2016: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890020/choice-architecture-to-promote-fruit-and-vegetable-purchases-by-families-participating-in-the-special-supplemental-program-for-women-infants-and-children-wic-randomized-corner-store-pilot-study
#2
Anne N Thorndike, Oliver-John M Bright, Melissa A Dimond, Ronald Fishman, Douglas E Levy
OBJECTIVE: To conduct a pilot study to determine if improving the visibility and quality of fresh produce (choice architecture) in corner stores would increase fruit/vegetable purchases by families participating in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC). DESIGN: Six stores were randomly assigned to choice architecture intervention or control. Store-level WIC sales data were provided by the state. Primary outcomes were WIC fruit/vegetable voucher and non-fruit/vegetable voucher sales, comparing trends from baseline (December 2012-October 2013) with the five-month intervention period (December 2013-April 2014)...
November 28, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876321/an-exploration-of-how-mexican-american-wic-mothers-obtain-information-about-behaviors-associated-with-childhood-obesity-risk
#3
Rachel E Davis, Suzanne M Cole, Shannon J McKenney-Shubert, Sonya J Jones, Karen E Peterson
OBJECTIVE: To explore how a sample of Mexican American mothers with preschool-aged children recruited from a Midwestern Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) clinic obtained information about 4 behaviors associated with childhood obesity risk: eating, physical activity, screen time, and sleep. DESIGN: One-on-one structured interviews in which participants were asked how they communicated with family, learned to take care of their first infant, and obtained information about the 4 targeted behaviors for their preschool-aged child...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861824/lactation-support-services-and-breastfeeding-initiation-evidence-from-the-affordable-care-act
#4
Kandice A Kapinos, Lindsey Bullinger, Tami Gurley-Calvez
OBJECTIVE: Despite substantial evidence of the benefits of breastfeeding for both mothers and children, rates of sustained breastfeeding in the United States are quite low. This study examined whether mandated coverage of lactation support services under the Affordable Care Act (ACA) affects breastfeeding behavior. DATA SOURCE: We studied the census of U.S. births included in the National Vital Statistics System from 2009 to 2014. STUDY DESIGN: We used regression-adjusted difference-in-differences (DD) to examine changes in breastfeeding rates for privately insured mothers relative to those covered by Medicaid...
November 10, 2016: Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855143/trends-in-obesity-among-participants-aged-2-4-years-in-the-special-supplemental-nutrition-program-for-women-infants-and-children-united-states-2000-2014
#5
Liping Pan, David S Freedman, Andrea J Sharma, Karen Castellanos-Brown, Sohyun Park, Ray B Smith, Heidi M Blanck
Childhood obesity is associated with negative health consequences in childhood (1) that continue into adulthood (2), putting adults at risk for type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and certain cancers (1). Obesity disproportionately affects children from low-income families (3). Through a collaboration with the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), CDC has begun to use data from the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) Participants and Program Characteristics (WIC PC) to replace the Pediatric Nutrition Surveillance System (PedNSS) (4,5) for obesity surveillance among young children from low-income families...
November 18, 2016: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847351/a-comparison-of-mobile-and-fixed-device-access-on-user-engagement-associated-with-women-infants-and-children-wic-online-nutrition-education
#6
John J Brusk, Robert J Bensley
BACKGROUND: Online health education has expanded its reach due to cost-effective implementation and demonstrated effectiveness. However, a limitation exists with the evaluation of online health education implementations and how the impact of the system is attenuated by the extent to which a user engages with it. Moreover, the current online health education research does not consider how this engagement has been affected by the transition from fixed to mobile user access over the last decade...
November 15, 2016: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821303/child-access-to-the-nutritional-safety-net-during-and-after-the-great-recession-the-case-of-wic
#7
Margot I Jackson, Patrick Mayne
Because children disproportionately live in poverty, they are especially vulnerable during economic crises, making the social safety net a key buffer against the effects of economic disadvantage on their development. The Great Recession of 2007-2009 had strong and lasting effects on American children and families, including striking negative effects on their health environments. Understanding access to the health safety net during this time of increased economic need, as well as the extent to which all children-regardless of age, income or race/ethnicity-share in the increased use of transfer programs, is therefore important in identifying the availability and accessibility of government assistance for those in need...
December 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790281/the-prognostic-value-of-the-charlson-s-comorbidity-index-in-patients-with-prolonged-acute-mechanical-ventilation-a-single-center-experience
#8
Seung Eon Song, Sang Hee Lee, Eun-Jung Jo, Jung Seop Eom, Jeong Ha Mok, Mi-Hyun Kim, Ki Uk Kim, Min Ki Lee, Kwangha Lee
BACKGROUND: The aim of our study was to evaluate the prognostic value of Charlson's weighted index of comorbidities (WIC) in patients with prolonged acute mechanical ventilation (PAMV, ventilator care ≥96 hours). METHODS: We retrospectively enrolled 299 Korean PAMV patients who were admitted in a medical intensive care unit (ICU) of a university-affiliated tertiary care hospital between 2008 and 2013. Survivors were defined as patients who survived for 60 days after ICU admission...
October 2016: Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27746213/child-targeted-tv-advertising-and-preschoolers-consumption-of-high-sugar-breakfast-cereals
#9
Meghan R Longacre, Keith M Drake, Linda J Titus, Jennifer Harris, Lauren P Cleveland, Gail Langeloh, Kristy Hendricks, Madeline A Dalton
Breakfast cereals represent the most highly advertised packaged food on child-targeted television, and most ads are for cereals high in sugar. This study examined whether children's TV exposure to child-targeted, high-sugar breakfast cereal (SBC) ads was associated with their consumption of those SBC brands. Parents of 3- to 5-year-old children were recruited from pediatric and Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) clinics in Southern New Hampshire, USA, and completed a cross-sectional survey between April-December 2013...
October 14, 2016: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27690635/development-and-evaluation-of-the-sugar-sweetened-beverages-media-literacy-ssb-ml-scale-and-its-relationship-with-ssb-consumption
#10
Yvonnes Chen, Kathleen J Porter, Paul A Estabrooks, Jamie Zoellner
Understanding how adults' media literacy skill sets impact their sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) intake provides insight into designing effective interventions to enhance their critical analysis of marketing messages and thus improve their healthy beverage choices. However, a media literacy scale focusing on SSBs is lacking. This cross-sectional study uses baseline data from a large randomized controlled trial to (a) describe the psychometric properties of an SSB Media Literacy Scale (SSB-ML) scale and its subdomains, (b) examine how the scale varies across demographic variables, and (c) explain the scale's concurrent validity to predict SSB consumption...
October 3, 2016: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27688993/participation-in-the-special-supplemental-nutrition-program-for-women-infants-and-children-is-not-associated-with-early-childhood-socioemotional-development-results-from-a-longitudinal-cohort-study
#11
Abigail Arons, Corneliu Bolbocean, Nicole R Bush, Frances A Tylavsky, Kaja Z LeWinn
Socioemotional development in early childhood has long-term impacts on health status and social outcomes, and racial and socioeconomic disparities in socioemotional skills emerge early in life. The Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) is an early childhood nutrition intervention with the potential to ameliorate these disparities. Our objective was to assess the impact of WIC on early socioemotional development in a longitudinal study. We examined the association between WIC participation and scores on the Brief Infant Toddler Social Emotional Assessment (BITSEA) in 327 predominantly African American mother-child dyads who were participants in the longitudinal Conditions Affecting Neurocognitive Development in Early Life (CANDLE) Study (Memphis, TN)...
December 2016: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27665255/social-desirability-trait-is-associated-with-self-reported-vegetable-intake-among-women-enrolled-in-the-special-supplemental-nutrition-program-for-women-infants-and-children
#12
Jennifer Di Noia, Karen Weber Cullen, Dorothy Monica
BACKGROUND: The Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) Fresh Start (WFS) is a randomized controlled trial of nutrition education to promote farmers' market fruit and vegetable (F/V) purchases and consumption among women enrolled in WIC. OBJECTIVES: Using baseline data from WFS to examine associations between social desirability trait, the tendency to respond in a manner consistent with expected norms, and self-reported F/V intake and to determine whether associations, if found, are moderated by participant characteristics...
December 2016: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27663256/the-special-supplemental-nutrition-program-for-women-infants-and-children-fresh-start-randomized-controlled-trial-baseline-participant-characteristics-and-reliability-of-measures
#13
Jennifer Di Noia, Dorothy Monica, Heewon Lee Gray, Karen Weber Cullen
BACKGROUND: The Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) Fresh Start (WFS) is a randomized controlled trial of nutrition education to promote farmers' market fruit and vegetable (F/V) purchases and consumption among women enrolled in WIC. OBJECTIVES: To describe the baseline characteristics (demographics and F/V intake [including F/V juice]) of WFS participants, compare the characteristics with those of WIC participants in New Jersey and nationwide, and examine the baseline reliability of study measures...
December 2016: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27660571/pacing-without-wires-leadless-cardiac-pacing
#14
REVIEW
Michael L Bernard
BACKGROUND: Worldwide, more than 700,000 pacemakers are implanted annually with more than 250,000 implanted in the United States. Since the first fully transvenous pacemaker implantations in the early 1960s, great technologic advances have been made in pacing systems. However, the combination of subcutaneous pulse generators and transvenous pacing leads has remained constant for more than 50 years. Leadless pacing systems offer an alternative to traditional pacing systems by eliminating the need for permanent transvenous leads while providing therapy for patients with bradyarrhythmias...
2016: Ochsner Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27652013/breastfeeding-practices-timing-of-introduction-of-complementary-beverages-and-foods-and-weight-status-in-infants-and-toddlers-participants-of-a-wic-clinic-in-puerto-rico
#15
Olga E Sinigaglia, Elaine M Ríos, Maribel Campos, Beatriz Díaz, Cristina Palacios
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding is associated with lower rates of obesity; in addition, it is also associated with later introduction of beverages and foods; however, this has not been well studied among Hispanics. The objective was to assess breastfeeding practices and timing of introduction of beverages and solid foods in a sample of Hispanic infants and their association with weight status. SUBJECT AND METHODS: Cross-sectional study in 296 caregivers of infants and toddlers 0-24 months of age participants of a WIC clinic in Puerto Rico...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27642194/mixed-status-families-and-wic-uptake-the-effects-of-risk-of-deportation-on-program-use
#16
Edward D Vargas, Maureen A Pirog
OBJECTIVE: Develop and test measures of risk of deportation and mixed-status families on WIC uptake. Mixed-status is a situation in which some family members are U.S. citizens and other family members are in the U.S. without proper authorization. METHODS: Estimate a series of logistic regressions to estimate WIC uptake by merging data from Fragile Families and Child Well-being Survey with deportation data from U.S.-Immigration Customs and Enforcement. RESULTS: The findings of this study suggest that risk of deportation is negatively associated with WIC uptake and among mixed-status families; Mexican origin families are the most sensitive when it comes to deportations and program use...
September 2016: Social Science Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27641618/food-and-beverage-purchases-in-corner-stores-gas-marts-pharmacies-and-dollar-stores
#17
Caitlin E Caspi, Kathleen Lenk, Jennifer E Pelletier, Timothy L Barnes, Lisa Harnack, Darin J Erickson, Melissa N Laska
OBJECTIVE: Little is known about customer purchases of foods and beverages from small and non-traditional food retailers (i.e. corner stores, gas-marts, dollar stores and pharmacies). The present study aimed to: (i) describe customer characteristics, shopping frequency and reasons for shopping at small and non-traditional food retailers; and (ii) describe food/beverage purchases and their nutritional quality, including differences across store type. DESIGN: Data were collected through customer intercept interviews...
September 19, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27620623/the-validation-of-macro-and-micro-observations-of-parent-child-dynamics-using-the-relationship-affect-coding-system-in-early-childhood
#18
Thomas J Dishion, Chung Jung Mun, Jenn-Yun Tein, Hanjoe Kim, Daniel S Shaw, Frances Gardner, Melvin N Wilson, Jenene Peterson
This study examined the validity of micro social observations and macro ratings of parent-child interaction in early to middle childhood. Seven hundred and thirty-one families representing multiple ethnic groups were recruited and screened as at risk in the context of Women, Infant, and Children (WIC) Nutritional Supplement service settings. Families were randomly assigned to the Family Checkup (FCU) intervention or the control condition at age 2 and videotaped in structured interactions in the home at ages 2, 3, 4, and 5...
September 13, 2016: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27612615/fresh-start-a-postpartum-weight-loss-intervention-for-diverse-low-income-women-design-and-methods-for-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#19
Milagros C Rosal, Christina F Haughton, Barbara B Estabrook, Monica L Wang, Germán Chiriboga, Oahn H T Nguyen, Sharina D Person, Stephenie C Lemon
BACKGROUND: Overweight and obesity are prevalent among young women and are greater among minority and low-income women. The postpartum period is critical in women's weight trajectories as many women do not lose their pregnancy weight, and others lose some and then plateau or experience weight gain. Excess weight puts women at greater risk of chronic disease and thus weight loss in the postpartum period may be key to the long-term health of young women. This paper describes the design and methods of a randomized clinical trial of Fresh Start, an innovative narrative-based group intervention aimed at promoting postpartum weight loss among low-income, diverse women...
September 9, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27609603/food-and-drink-consumption-among-1-5-year-old-los-angeles-county-children-from-households-receiving-dual-snap-and-wic-v-only-wic-benefits
#20
Jane Liu, Tony Kuo, Lu Jiang, Brenda Robles, Shannon E Whaley
OBJECTIVE: The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) and the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) are two of the more well-known food assistance programmes in the USA. The current study describes food consumption patterns of children aged 1-5 years living in households dually enrolled in these two programmes v. households enrolled only in WIC. DESIGN: Food consumption and SNAP participation were assessed using data from the 2014 Survey of Los Angeles County (LAC) WIC Participants and the Follow-Up Survey of the same households that were also SNAP beneficiaries...
September 9, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
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