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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438036/enhancing-periconceptional-health-by-targeting-postpartum-mothers-at-rural-wic-clinics
#1
Jini E Puma, Darcy Thompson, Katherine Baer, Matthew A Haemer, Kevin Gilbert, Michael Hambidge, Nancy F Krebs
The overall goal of this pilot quality improvement (QI) intervention was to (1) assess the feasibility of making a WIC (Women, Infants, and Children) systems-level change that added measurement of maternal weight and discussion of maternal health habits into each postpartum maternal and offspring visit in rural clinics in Colorado and (2) assess the impacts of the intervention on maternal diet, physical activity, and weight status. A mixed-method evaluation approach was used involving the collection of quantitative data (HeartSmartMoms usage reports, manual WIC chart reviews [to calculate screening rates], pre-/postsurveys, and weight status [body mass index]) and qualitative data (focus groups and project team meeting minutes)...
April 1, 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437693/an-assessment-of-the-social-cognitive-predictors-of-exclusive-breastfeeding-behavior-using-the-health-action-process-approach
#2
J L Martinez-Brockman, F M Shebl, N Harari, R Pérez-Escamilla
RATIONALE: In the United States rates of exclusive breastfeeding duration remain exceedingly low. Exclusive breastfeeding is a complex learned behavior that is influenced by social cognitive, interpersonal, and structural factors. Interventions are needed that address factors at multiple levels of the social-ecological model. This study was designed to examine the social cognitive predictors of exclusive breastfeeding behavior in a sample of low-income women attending the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) breastfeeding peer counseling program and enrolled in the Lactation Advice Through Texting Can Help (LATCH) study...
April 12, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432063/a-realist-review-to-explore-how-low-income-pregnant-women-use-food-vouchers-from-the-uk-s-healthy-start-programme
#3
Heather Ohly, Nicola Crossland, Fiona Dykes, Nicola Lowe, Victoria Hall-Moran
OBJECTIVES: To explore how low-income pregnant women use Healthy Start food vouchers, the potential impacts of the programme, and which women might experience these impacts and why. DESIGN: A realist review. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA FOR SELECTING STUDIES: Primary or empirical studies (of any design) were included if they contributed relevant evidence or insights about how low-income women use food vouchers from the Healthy Start (UK) or the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children (WIC) programmes...
April 21, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417432/evaluating-community-measures-of-healthy-food-access
#4
Melissa L Santorelli, Janice O Okeke
Several community level measures of healthy food access exist, but evaluation efforts have been limited leaving uncertainty about how to prioritize communities for intervention. This study aimed to assess several existing measures to inform statewide public health planning efforts in New Jersey, USA. We assessed agreement between community measures of healthy food access and then evaluated the predictive validity of each measure by describing its association with complete fruit and vegetable cash-value voucher redemption (proportion redeemed ≥70, ≥80, ≥90%) among 30,078 low-income households participating in the New Jersey Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) during 2013-2014...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416041/child-targeted-fast-food-television-advertising-exposure-is-linked-with-fast-food-intake-among-pre-school-children
#5
Madeline A Dalton, Meghan R Longacre, Keith M Drake, Lauren P Cleveland, Jennifer L Harris, Kristy Hendricks, Linda J Titus
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether exposure to child-targeted fast-food (FF) television (TV) advertising is associated with children's FF intake in a non-experimental setting. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey conducted April-December 2013. Parents reported their pre-school child's TV viewing time, channels watched and past-week FF consumption. Responses were combined with a list of FF commercials (ads) aired on children's TV channels during the same period to calculate children's exposure to child-targeted TV ads for the following chain FF restaurants: McDonald's, Subway and Wendy's (MSW)...
April 18, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394660/the-effect-of-breast-pump-use-on-exclusive-breastfeeding-at-2-months-postpartum-in-an-inner-city-population
#6
Elise Bream, Hong Li, Lydia Furman
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding is the optimal form of infant nutrition, yet national rates are below recommendations with persistent disparities. Breast pumps may address the reasons that mothers discontinue breastfeeding. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether breast pump use increases exclusive breastfeeding at 1.5-3.5 months postpartum. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed charts for maternal-infant descriptors and feeding type for infants born between November 2013 and June 2014 who received any breast milk at a visit <14 days of age in our inner-city pediatric practice...
April 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364319/purchases-made-with-a-fruit-and-vegetable-voucher-in-a-rural-mexican-heritage-community
#7
Meagan M Hanbury, Rosa Gomez-Camacho, Lucia Kaiser, Banafsheh Sadeghi, Adela de la Torre
Recent recommendations for US food assistance programs are intended to ensure foods provided through these programs help households consume a varied, healthful diet. From a policy viewpoint, it is important to examine the impact of economic incentives to purchase healthy foods across subpopulations, particularly low-income Latinos, who comprise 40% of the WIC program nationwide. Our aim was to determine how rural, Mexican-heritage households (N = 227) residing in California's Central Valley distributed fruit and vegetable (F/V) voucher spending among F/V subgroups and specific items over a 1-year period...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362350/individual-and-store-characteristics-associated-with-brand-choices-in-select-food-category-redemptions-among-wic-participants-in-virginia
#8
Qi Zhang, Chuanyi Tang, Patrick W McLaughlin, Leigh Diggs
The Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) often allows participants to redeem food benefits for various brands at different costs. To aid the program's food cost containment efforts, it is important to understand the individual and store characteristics associated with brand choices. This study used the WIC Electronic Benefit Transfer (EBT) data for 239,062 Virginia WIC participants' brand choices in infant fruits and vegetables (F&Vs) and whole grain bread in May 2014-February 2015, one of the first such data sets available in the U...
March 31, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338403/personalized-mobile-health-intervention-for-health-and-weight-loss-in-postpartum-women-receiving-women-infants-and-children-benefit-a-randomized-controlled-pilot-study
#9
L Anne Gilmore, Monica C Klempel, Corby K Martin, Candice A Myers, Jeffrey H Burton, Elizabeth F Sutton, Leanne M Redman
BACKGROUND: Prepregnancy maternal obesity and excessive weight gain during pregnancy lead to significant morbidities in mothers and their children. Mothers who never return to their prepregnancy weight begin subsequent pregnancies at a greater weight and have a larger propensity for excess gestational weight gain and postpartum weight retention. METHODS: In this pilot study, 40 postpartum women credentialed to receive postpartum women, infants, and children (WIC) service were randomized to usual care ("WIC Moms") or a personalized health intervention delivered via a SmartPhone ("E-Moms")...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319784/use-of-a-mixed-method-approach-to-evaluate-the-implementation-of-retention-promotion-strategies-in-the-new-york-state-wic-program
#10
Jackson P Sekhobo, Sanya R Peck, Youjung Byun, Marie A K Allsopp, MaryEllen K Holbrook, Lynn S Edmunds, Chengxuan Yu
This research assessed the implementation of strategies piloted at 10 Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children (WIC) clinics aimed at increasing retention in the program, by enhancing participants' shopping experiences. Under WIC Retention Promotion Study: Keep, Reconnect, Thrive (WIC RPS), clinics were recruited and assigned to implement one or a combination of strategies: a standardized Shopping Orientation (SO) curriculum, a Guided Shopping Tour (GST), and a Pictorial Foods Card (PFC) from November 2012 through August 2013...
March 6, 2017: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302365/food-insecurity-screening-in-pediatric-primary-care-can-offering-referrals-help-identify-families-in-need
#11
Clement J Bottino, Erinn T Rhodes, Catherine Kreatsoulas, Joanne E Cox, Eric W Fleegler
OBJECTIVE: To describe a clinical approach for food insecurity screening incorporating a menu offering food-assistance referrals, and to examine relationships between food insecurity and referral selection. METHODS: Caregivers of 3- to 10-year-old children presenting for well-child care completed a self-administered questionnaire on a laptop computer. Items included the US Household Food Security Survey Module: 6-Item Short Form (food insecurity screen) and a referral menu offering assistance with: 1) finding a food pantry, 2) getting hot meals, 3) applying for Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), and 4) applying for Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC)...
March 13, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288601/babies-living-safe-smokefree-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-multilevel-multimodal-behavioral-intervention-to-reduce-low-income-children-s-tobacco-smoke-exposure
#12
Bradley N Collins, Stephen J Lepore
BACKGROUND: Addressing children's tobacco smoke exposure (TSE) remains a public health priority. However, there is low uptake and ineffectiveness of treatment, particularly in low-income populations that face numerous challenges to smoking behavior change. A multilevel intervention combining system-level health messaging and advice about TSE delivered at community clinics that disseminate the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children (WIC), combined with nicotine replacement and intensive multimodal, individual-level behavioral intervention may improve TSE control efforts in such high-risk populations...
March 14, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257401/measuring-the-cost-and-value-of-quality-improvement-initiatives-for-local-health-departments
#13
Li-Wu Chen, Fernando A Wilson, Abbey Gregg, Niodita Gupta, Sarbinaz Bekmuratova, David Palm
OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate an approach to measuring the cost and value of quality improvement (QI) implementation in local health departments (LHDs). DESIGN: We conducted cost estimation for 4 LHD QI projects and return-on-investment (ROI) analysis for 2 selected LHD QI projects. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Four Nebraska LHDs varying in rurality and jurisdiction size. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Total costs, unit costs, incremental cost-effectiveness ratios, and ROI...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226343/-diagnosis-and-risk-assessment-of-postoperative-complications-of-gastric-cancer-in-japan-and-korea
#14
Xiang Hu, Chi Zhang
Radical surgery of gastric cancer (D2 lymph node dissection) as the standard operation is widely used in clinical practice and satisfactory prognosis can be obtained in patients who receive radical gastrectomy. But surgical invasion can cause high morbidity of complications and mortality. The data of large-scale evidence-based medical clinical trials and large databases in Japan and Korea showed that anastomotic leakage, pancreatic leakage and abdominal abscess were the most common complications after gastrectomy, and the morbidity of complication was about 20% and mortality was about 1%...
February 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196620/evaluation-of-online-and-in-person-nutrition-education-related-to-salt-knowledge-and-behaviors-among-special-supplemental-nutrition-program-for-women-infants-and-children-participants
#15
Lauren E Au, Shannon E Whaley, Klara Gurzo, Martha Meza, Nila J Rosen, Lorrene D Ritchie
BACKGROUND: The Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) differs from other federal nutrition programs in that nutrition education is a required component. WIC programs traditionally provide in-person education, but recently some WIC sites have started offering online education. Education focused on reducing salt intake is an important topic for WIC participants because a high-sodium diet has been associated with high blood pressure, and low-income populations are at increased risk...
February 9, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187726/results-and-lessons-learned-from-a-prevention-of-weight-gain-program-for-low-income-overweight-and-obese-young-mothers-mothers-in-motion
#16
Mei-Wei Chang, Roger Brown, Susan Nitzke
BACKGROUND: Mothers In Motion (MIM), a community-based lifestyle behavioral intervention, was designed and conducted to help low-income overweight and obese young mothers prevent further weight gain via promotion of stress management, healthy eating, and physical activity. This paper presents intervention effect on body weight (primary outcome) and summarizes lessons learned. METHODS: Participants (N = 612) were recruited from 7 Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) offices in Michigan and were individually randomized to an intervention n= 410) or a comparison (n =202) group (2: 1 ratio)...
February 10, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167513/should-we-pay-mothers-who-receive-wic-to-breastfeed
#17
Lydia Furman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 6, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167511/incentive-based-intervention-to-maintain-breastfeeding-among-low-income-puerto-rican-mothers
#18
Yukiko Washio, Mara Humphreys, Elisa Colchado, Maria Sierra-Ortiz, Zugui Zhang, Bradley N Collins, Linda M Kilby, Donna J Chapman, Stephan T Higgins, Kimberly C Kirby
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Despite maternal and child health benefits, breastfeeding rates are relatively low among low-income Puerto Rican mothers. This study examined the hypothesis that monthly financial incentives would significantly increase the proportion of breastfeeding mothers at 6 months postpartum compared with Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) services only among Puerto Rican mothers. METHODS: A randomized, 2-arm parallel-group design, from February 2015 through February 2016...
March 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166260/workplace-interpersonal-conflicts-among-the-healthcare-workers-retrospective-exploration-from-the-institutional-incident-reporting-system-of-a-university-affiliated-medical-center
#19
Jih-Shuin Jerng, Szu-Fen Huang, Huey-Wen Liang, Li-Chin Chen, Chia-Kuei Lin, Hsiao-Fang Huang, Ming-Yuan Hsieh, Jui-Sheng Sun
OBJECTIVE: There have been concerns about the workplace interpersonal conflict (WIC) among healthcare workers. As healthcare organizations have applied the incident reporting system (IRS) widely for safety-related incidents, we proposed that this system might provide a channel to explore the WICs. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the reports to the IRS from July 2010 to June 2013 in a medical center. We identified the WICs and typed these conflicts according to the two foci (task content/process and interpersonal relationship) and the three properties (disagreement, interference, and negative emotion), and analyzed relevant data...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159027/intimate-partner-violence-screening-and-the-comparative-effects-of-screening-mode-on-disclosure-of-sensitive-health-behaviours-and-exposures-in-clinical-settings
#20
T Frazier, K M Yount
OBJECTIVE: Detecting sensitive health information in clinical settings is of scientific and practical importance. The purpose of this study was to determine whether mode of screening influenced disclosure of intimate partner violence (IPV) in patterns similar to other forms of sensitive information. STUDY DESIGN: This cross sectional study was designed to compare effects of face-to-face vs computer self-assessment for sensitive health information on disclosure rates...
February 2017: Public Health
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