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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338403/personalized-mobile-health-intervention-for-health-and-weight-loss-in-postpartum-women-receiving-women-infants-and-children-benefit-a-randomized-controlled-pilot-study
#1
L Anne Gilmore, Monica C Klempel, Corby K Martin, Candice A Myers, Jeffrey H Burton, Elizabeth F Sutton, Leanne M Redman
BACKGROUND: Prepregnancy maternal obesity and excessive weight gain during pregnancy lead to significant morbidities in mothers and their children. Mothers who never return to their prepregnancy weight begin subsequent pregnancies at a greater weight and have a larger propensity for excess gestational weight gain and postpartum weight retention. METHODS: In this pilot study, 40 postpartum women credentialed to receive postpartum women, infants, and children (WIC) service were randomized to usual care ("WIC Moms") or a personalized health intervention delivered via a SmartPhone ("E-Moms")...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319784/use-of-a-mixed-method-approach-to-evaluate-the-implementation-of-retention-promotion-strategies-in-the-new-york-state-wic-program
#2
Jackson P Sekhobo, Sanya R Peck, Youjung Byun, Marie A K Allsopp, MaryEllen K Holbrook, Lynn S Edmunds, Chengxuan Yu
This research assessed the implementation of strategies piloted at 10 Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children (WIC) clinics aimed at increasing retention in the program, by enhancing participants' shopping experiences. Under WIC Retention Promotion Study: Keep, Reconnect, Thrive (WIC RPS), clinics were recruited and assigned to implement one or a combination of strategies: a standardized Shopping Orientation (SO) curriculum, a Guided Shopping Tour (GST), and a Pictorial Foods Card (PFC) from November 2012 through August 2013...
March 6, 2017: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302365/food-insecurity-screening-in-pediatric-primary-care-can-offering-referrals-help-identify-families-in-need
#3
Clement J Bottino, Erinn T Rhodes, Catherine Kreatsoulas, Joanne E Cox, Eric W Fleegler
OBJECTIVE: To describe a clinical approach for food insecurity screening incorporating a menu offering food-assistance referrals, and to examine relationships between food insecurity and referral selection. METHODS: Caregivers of 3- to 10-year-old children presenting for well-child care completed a self-administered questionnaire on a laptop computer. Items included the US Household Food Security Survey Module: 6-Item Short Form (food insecurity screen) and a referral menu offering assistance with: 1) finding a food pantry, 2) getting hot meals, 3) applying for Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), and 4) applying for Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC)...
March 13, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288601/babies-living-safe-smokefree-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-multilevel-multimodal-behavioral-intervention-to-reduce-low-income-children-s-tobacco-smoke-exposure
#4
Bradley N Collins, Stephen J Lepore
BACKGROUND: Addressing children's tobacco smoke exposure (TSE) remains a public health priority. However, there is low uptake and ineffectiveness of treatment, particularly in low-income populations that face numerous challenges to smoking behavior change. A multilevel intervention combining system-level health messaging and advice about TSE delivered at community clinics that disseminate the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children (WIC), combined with nicotine replacement and intensive multimodal, individual-level behavioral intervention may improve TSE control efforts in such high-risk populations...
March 14, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257401/measuring-the-cost-and-value-of-quality-improvement-initiatives-for-local-health-departments
#5
Li-Wu Chen, Fernando A Wilson, Abbey Gregg, Niodita Gupta, Sarbinaz Bekmuratova, David Palm
OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate an approach to measuring the cost and value of quality improvement (QI) implementation in local health departments (LHDs). DESIGN: We conducted cost estimation for 4 LHD QI projects and return-on-investment (ROI) analysis for 2 selected LHD QI projects. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Four Nebraska LHDs varying in rurality and jurisdiction size. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Total costs, unit costs, incremental cost-effectiveness ratios, and ROI...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226343/-diagnosis-and-risk-assessment-of-postoperative-complications-of-gastric-cancer-in-japan-and-korea
#6
Xiang Hu, Chi Zhang
Radical surgery of gastric cancer (D2 lymph node dissection) as the standard operation is widely used in clinical practice and satisfactory prognosis can be obtained in patients who receive radical gastrectomy. But surgical invasion can cause high morbidity of complications and mortality. The data of large-scale evidence-based medical clinical trials and large databases in Japan and Korea showed that anastomotic leakage, pancreatic leakage and abdominal abscess were the most common complications after gastrectomy, and the morbidity of complication was about 20% and mortality was about 1%...
February 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196620/evaluation-of-online-and-in-person-nutrition-education-related-to-salt-knowledge-and-behaviors-among-special-supplemental-nutrition-program-for-women-infants-and-children-participants
#7
Lauren E Au, Shannon E Whaley, Klara Gurzo, Martha Meza, Nila J Rosen, Lorrene D Ritchie
BACKGROUND: The Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) differs from other federal nutrition programs in that nutrition education is a required component. WIC programs traditionally provide in-person education, but recently some WIC sites have started offering online education. Education focused on reducing salt intake is an important topic for WIC participants because a high-sodium diet has been associated with high blood pressure, and low-income populations are at increased risk...
February 9, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187726/results-and-lessons-learned-from-a-prevention-of-weight-gain-program-for-low-income-overweight-and-obese-young-mothers-mothers-in-motion
#8
Mei-Wei Chang, Roger Brown, Susan Nitzke
BACKGROUND: Mothers In Motion (MIM), a community-based lifestyle behavioral intervention, was designed and conducted to help low-income overweight and obese young mothers prevent further weight gain via promotion of stress management, healthy eating, and physical activity. This paper presents intervention effect on body weight (primary outcome) and summarizes lessons learned. METHODS: Participants (N = 612) were recruited from 7 Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) offices in Michigan and were individually randomized to an intervention n= 410) or a comparison (n =202) group (2: 1 ratio)...
February 10, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167513/should-we-pay-mothers-who-receive-wic-to-breastfeed
#9
Lydia Furman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 6, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167511/incentive-based-intervention-to-maintain-breastfeeding-among-low-income-puerto-rican-mothers
#10
Yukiko Washio, Mara Humphreys, Elisa Colchado, Maria Sierra-Ortiz, Zugui Zhang, Bradley N Collins, Linda M Kilby, Donna J Chapman, Stephan T Higgins, Kimberly C Kirby
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Despite maternal and child health benefits, breastfeeding rates are relatively low among low-income Puerto Rican mothers. This study examined the hypothesis that monthly financial incentives would significantly increase the proportion of breastfeeding mothers at 6 months postpartum compared with Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) services only among Puerto Rican mothers. METHODS: A randomized, 2-arm parallel-group design, from February 2015 through February 2016...
February 6, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166260/workplace-interpersonal-conflicts-among-the-healthcare-workers-retrospective-exploration-from-the-institutional-incident-reporting-system-of-a-university-affiliated-medical-center
#11
Jih-Shuin Jerng, Szu-Fen Huang, Huey-Wen Liang, Li-Chin Chen, Chia-Kuei Lin, Hsiao-Fang Huang, Ming-Yuan Hsieh, Jui-Sheng Sun
OBJECTIVE: There have been concerns about the workplace interpersonal conflict (WIC) among healthcare workers. As healthcare organizations have applied the incident reporting system (IRS) widely for safety-related incidents, we proposed that this system might provide a channel to explore the WICs. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the reports to the IRS from July 2010 to June 2013 in a medical center. We identified the WICs and typed these conflicts according to the two foci (task content/process and interpersonal relationship) and the three properties (disagreement, interference, and negative emotion), and analyzed relevant data...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159027/intimate-partner-violence-screening-and-the-comparative-effects-of-screening-mode-on-disclosure-of-sensitive-health-behaviours-and-exposures-in-clinical-settings
#12
T Frazier, K M Yount
OBJECTIVE: Detecting sensitive health information in clinical settings is of scientific and practical importance. The purpose of this study was to determine whether mode of screening influenced disclosure of intimate partner violence (IPV) in patterns similar to other forms of sensitive information. STUDY DESIGN: This cross sectional study was designed to compare effects of face-to-face vs computer self-assessment for sensitive health information on disclosure rates...
February 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135478/likelihood-of-breastfeeding-within-the-usda-s-food-and-nutrition-service-special-supplemental-nutrition-program-for-women-infants-and-children-population
#13
Bailey Houghtaling, Carmen Byker Shanks, Mica Jenkins
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding is an important public health initiative. Low-income women benefiting from the U.S. Department of Agriculture's Food and Nutrition Service Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) are a prime population for breastfeeding promotion efforts. Research aim: This study aims to determine factors associated with increased likelihood of breastfeeding for WIC participants. METHODS: The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis statement guided the systematic review of literature...
February 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061039/long-term-breastfeeding-in-african-american-mothers
#14
Tyra Toston Gross, Marsha Davis, Alex K Anderson, Jori Hall, Karen Hilyard
BACKGROUND: According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 39.1% of African American infants are breastfed at 6 months. However, few studies have explored the breastfeeding experiences of African American women who successfully breastfeed to 6 months or longer durations. Research aim: The goal of this qualitative study was to explore the long-term breastfeeding experiences of low-income African American women using the positive deviance approach. METHODS: African American women with breastfeeding experience were recruited through Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) breastfeeding peer counselors...
February 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018993/sleep-duration-sedentary-behaviors-and-physical-activity-across-weight-status-in-hispanic-toddlers-participants-of-the-wic-program
#15
José Molina, Kiara Amaro, Cynthia M Pérez, Cristina Palacios
OBJECTIVE: To describe physical activity, sedentary behaviors and sleep duration in toddlers' participants of the WIC program in Puerto Rico and assess its association with excessive weight. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional analysis of data gathered in the follow-up visit (12 months later) of a longitudinal study among toddlers 12-36 months old participants of the WIC program. In this follow-up visit, a Sleep, Sedentary Behaviors and Physical Activity Questionnaire was included...
2016: J Child Obes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017594/delivering-summer-electronic-benefit-transfers-for-children-through-the-supplemental-nutrition-assistance-program-or-the-special-supplemental-nutrition-program-for-women-infants-and-children-benefit-use-and-impacts-on-food-security-and-foods-consumed
#16
Anne R Gordon, Ronette R Briefel, Ann M Collins, Gretchen M Rowe, Jacob A Klerman
BACKGROUND: The Summer Electronic Benefit Transfers for Children (SEBTC) demonstration piloted summer food assistance through electronic benefit transfers (EBTs), providing benefits either through the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) or the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) EBT. OBJECTIVE: To inform food assistance policy and describe how demonstrations using WIC and SNAP models differed in benefit take-up and impacts on food security and children's food consumption...
March 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965380/trends-in-weight-for-length-among-infants-in-wic-from-2000-to-2014
#17
David S Freedman, Andrea J Sharma, Heather C Hamner, Liping Pan, Anthony Panzera, Ray B Smith, Heidi M Blanck
OBJECTIVES: To describe the prevalence and secular trends of high weight-for-length among infants (ages, 3-23 months) in the biennial US Department of Agriculture Women, Infants, and Children Program and Participants Characteristic (WIC-PC) Survey from 2000 through 2014 (n = 16 927 120). METHODS: Weight-for-length was considered to be "high" if it was ≥2 SDs above the sex- and age-specific median in the World Health Organization growth standards. Poisson regression was used to calculate adjusted prevalence ratios...
January 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27943033/evaluation-of-an-educational-initiative-to-promote-shopping-at-farmers-markets-among-the-special-supplemental-nutrition-program-for-women-infants-and-children-wic-participants-in-new-york-city
#18
Sarah A Lieff, Deepika Bangia, Sabrina Baronberg, Arielle Burlett, Mary Ann Chiasson
Public Health Solutions' (PHS) Neighborhood WIC (The Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children) serves approximately 43,000 women and families at eight locations in high-need communities in New York City. Farmers' markets (FMs) exist in many low-income areas, and, coupled with incentives and benefits, are viable venues for WIC participants to purchase affordable produce. During the 2015 FM season (July-November), PHS launched a campaign to change participants' knowledge, attitudes, and shopping habits at FMs...
December 9, 2016: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906557/barriers-to-human-milk-feeding-at-discharge-of-very-low-birth-weight-infants-maternal-goal-setting-as-a-key-social-factor
#19
Erin Fleurant, Michael Schoeny, Rebecca Hoban, Ifeyinwa V Asiodu, Brittany Riley, Paula P Meier, Harold Bigger, Aloka L Patel
BACKGROUND: While black mothers initiate human milk (HM) provision at lower rates than non-black mothers in the United States, some neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) report similar initiation rates regardless of race/ethnicity for mothers of very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) infants. However, racial disparity frequently becomes evident in the proportion of black infants who continue to receive HM feedings at NICU discharge. Since social factors have been associated with differences in HM provision for term infants, we sought to identify differences in social factors associated with HM feeding at discharge based on race/ethnicity...
January 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893143/association-between-wic-enrollment-and-exclusive-breastfeeding-at-3-months-postpartum-among-low-income-mothers
#20
John Francescon, Zelalem T Haile, David Kling, Ilana Chertok
CONTEXT: Existing literature suggests participation in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) in the prenatal and postnatal periods is associated with lower rates of breastfeeding among WIC-eligible mothers. However, minimal research has been published on the association between WIC enrollment and exclusive breastfeeding. OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between WIC exposure and exclusive breastfeeding at 3 months postpartum...
December 1, 2016: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
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