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Meghan R Longacre, Keith M Drake, Linda J Titus, Jennifer Harris, Lauren P Cleveland, Gail Langeloh, Kristy Hendricks, Madeline A Dalton
Breakfast cereals represent the most highly advertised packaged food on child-targeted television, and most ads are for cereals high in sugar. This study examined whether children's TV exposure to child-targeted, high-sugar breakfast cereal (SBC) ads was associated with their consumption of those SBC brands. Parents of 3- to 5-year-old children were recruited from pediatric and Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) clinics in Southern New Hampshire, USA, and completed a cross-sectional survey between April-December 2013...
October 13, 2016: Appetite
Yvonnes Chen, Kathleen J Porter, Paul A Estabrooks, Jamie Zoellner
Understanding how adults' media literacy skill sets impact their sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) intake provides insight into designing effective interventions to enhance their critical analysis of marketing messages and thus improve their healthy beverage choices. However, a media literacy scale focusing on SSBs is lacking. This cross-sectional study uses baseline data from a large randomized controlled trial to (a) describe the psychometric properties of an SSB Media Literacy Scale (SSB-ML) scale and its subdomains, (b) examine how the scale varies across demographic variables, and (c) explain the scale's concurrent validity to predict SSB consumption...
October 3, 2016: Health Communication
Abigail Arons, Corneliu Bolbocean, Nicole R Bush, Frances A Tylavsky, Kaja Z LeWinn
Socioemotional development in early childhood has long-term impacts on health status and social outcomes, and racial and socioeconomic disparities in socioemotional skills emerge early in life. The Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) is an early childhood nutrition intervention with the potential to ameliorate these disparities. Our objective was to assess the impact of WIC on early socioemotional development in a longitudinal study. We examined the association between WIC participation and scores on the Brief Infant Toddler Social Emotional Assessment (BITSEA) in 327 predominantly African American mother-child dyads who were participants in the longitudinal Conditions Affecting Neurocognitive Development in Early Life (CANDLE) Study (Memphis, TN)...
December 2016: Preventive Medicine Reports
Jennifer Di Noia, Karen Weber Cullen, Dorothy Monica
BACKGROUND: The Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) Fresh Start (WFS) is a randomized controlled trial of nutrition education to promote farmers' market fruit and vegetable (F/V) purchases and consumption among women enrolled in WIC. OBJECTIVES: Using baseline data from WFS to examine associations between social desirability trait, the tendency to respond in a manner consistent with expected norms, and self-reported F/V intake and to determine whether associations, if found, are moderated by participant characteristics...
September 7, 2016: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
Jennifer Di Noia, Dorothy Monica, Heewon Lee Gray, Karen Weber Cullen
BACKGROUND: The Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) Fresh Start (WFS) is a randomized controlled trial of nutrition education to promote farmers' market fruit and vegetable (F/V) purchases and consumption among women enrolled in WIC. OBJECTIVES: To describe the baseline characteristics (demographics and F/V intake [including F/V juice]) of WFS participants, compare the characteristics with those of WIC participants in New Jersey and nationwide, and examine the baseline reliability of study measures...
September 20, 2016: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
Michael L Bernard
BACKGROUND: Worldwide, more than 700,000 pacemakers are implanted annually with more than 250,000 implanted in the United States. Since the first fully transvenous pacemaker implantations in the early 1960s, great technologic advances have been made in pacing systems. However, the combination of subcutaneous pulse generators and transvenous pacing leads has remained constant for more than 50 years. Leadless pacing systems offer an alternative to traditional pacing systems by eliminating the need for permanent transvenous leads while providing therapy for patients with bradyarrhythmias...
2016: Ochsner Journal
Olga E Sinigaglia, Elaine M Ríos, Maribel Campos, Beatriz Díaz, Cristina Palacios
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding is associated with lower rates of obesity; in addition, it is also associated with later introduction of beverages and foods; however, this has not been well studied among Hispanics. The objective was to assess breastfeeding practices and timing of introduction of beverages and solid foods in a sample of Hispanic infants and their association with weight status. SUBJECT AND METHODS: Cross-sectional study in 296 caregivers of infants and toddlers 0-24 months of age participants of a WIC clinic in Puerto Rico...
2016: SpringerPlus
Edward D Vargas, Maureen A Pirog
OBJECTIVE: Develop and test measures of risk of deportation and mixed-status families on WIC uptake. Mixed-status is a situation in which some family members are U.S. citizens and other family members are in the U.S. without proper authorization. METHODS: Estimate a series of logistic regressions to estimate WIC uptake by merging data from Fragile Families and Child Well-being Survey with deportation data from U.S.-Immigration Customs and Enforcement. RESULTS: The findings of this study suggest that risk of deportation is negatively associated with WIC uptake and among mixed-status families; Mexican origin families are the most sensitive when it comes to deportations and program use...
September 2016: Social Science Quarterly
Caitlin E Caspi, Kathleen Lenk, Jennifer E Pelletier, Timothy L Barnes, Lisa Harnack, Darin J Erickson, Melissa N Laska
OBJECTIVE: Little is known about customer purchases of foods and beverages from small and non-traditional food retailers (i.e. corner stores, gas-marts, dollar stores and pharmacies). The present study aimed to: (i) describe customer characteristics, shopping frequency and reasons for shopping at small and non-traditional food retailers; and (ii) describe food/beverage purchases and their nutritional quality, including differences across store type. DESIGN: Data were collected through customer intercept interviews...
September 19, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
Thomas J Dishion, Chung Jung Mun, Jenn-Yun Tein, Hanjoe Kim, Daniel S Shaw, Frances Gardner, Melvin N Wilson, Jenene Peterson
This study examined the validity of micro social observations and macro ratings of parent-child interaction in early to middle childhood. Seven hundred and thirty-one families representing multiple ethnic groups were recruited and screened as at risk in the context of Women, Infant, and Children (WIC) Nutritional Supplement service settings. Families were randomly assigned to the Family Checkup (FCU) intervention or the control condition at age 2 and videotaped in structured interactions in the home at ages 2, 3, 4, and 5...
September 13, 2016: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
Milagros C Rosal, Christina F Haughton, Barbara B Estabrook, Monica L Wang, Germán Chiriboga, Oahn H T Nguyen, Sharina D Person, Stephenie C Lemon
BACKGROUND: Overweight and obesity are prevalent among young women and are greater among minority and low-income women. The postpartum period is critical in women's weight trajectories as many women do not lose their pregnancy weight, and others lose some and then plateau or experience weight gain. Excess weight puts women at greater risk of chronic disease and thus weight loss in the postpartum period may be key to the long-term health of young women. This paper describes the design and methods of a randomized clinical trial of Fresh Start, an innovative narrative-based group intervention aimed at promoting postpartum weight loss among low-income, diverse women...
2016: BMC Public Health
Jane Liu, Tony Kuo, Lu Jiang, Brenda Robles, Shannon E Whaley
OBJECTIVE: The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) and the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) are two of the more well-known food assistance programmes in the USA. The current study describes food consumption patterns of children aged 1-5 years living in households dually enrolled in these two programmes v. households enrolled only in WIC. DESIGN: Food consumption and SNAP participation were assessed using data from the 2014 Survey of Los Angeles County (LAC) WIC Participants and the Follow-Up Survey of the same households that were also SNAP beneficiaries...
September 9, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
Marilyn S Townsend, Mical K Shilts, Dennis Styne, Christiana Drake, Louise Lanoue, Leslie Woodhouse, Lindsay Allen
Young children are not meeting recommendations for vegetable intake. Our objective is to provide evidence of validity and reliability for a pictorial vegetable behavioral assessment for use by federally funded community nutrition programs. Parent/child pairs (n=133) from HeadStart and the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children [WIC] provided parent-administered vegetable tools, three child 24-hour diet recalls, child blood sample and measured heights/weights. The 10-item scale, with an alpha of ...
September 4, 2016: Appetite
Jennifer Di Noia, Dorothy Monica, Karen Weber Cullen, Rafael Pérez-Escamilla, Heewon Lee Gray, Alla Sikorskii
INTRODUCTION: The objective of this exploratory study was to determine whether fruit and vegetable consumption differed by race/ethnicity, by origin and nativity among Hispanics, and by language preference (as an indicator of acculturation) among foreign-born Hispanics. METHODS: We recruited 723 women enrolled in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children (WIC) and orally administered a questionnaire containing demographic items, validated measures of food security status and social desirability trait, and the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System fruit and vegetable module...
2016: Preventing Chronic Disease
Jennifer M Godbout, Whitney N Goldsberry, Tanya E Franklin
BACKGROUND: Strong recommendations have been made for exclusive breastfeeding of infants for the first 6 months of life, with continuation throughout the first year. In an attempt to optimize support for breastfeeding, particular barriers in populations with decreased rates need to be analyzed. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine if participation in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) food voucher program, involvement of the infant's father, involvement of the adolescent mother's parents or other caregivers, and participation in early skin-to-skin contact after birth are associated with the decision to breastfeed or bottle feed among this adolescent population...
August 22, 2016: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
Chimere C Collins, Laura Villa-Torres, Lattice D Sams, Leslie P Zeldin, Kimon Divaris
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Despite the widespread acknowledgement of the importance of childhood oral health, little progress has been made in preventing early childhood caries. Limited information exists regarding specific daily-life and community-related factors that impede optimal oral hygiene, diet, care, and ultimately oral health for children. We sought to understand what parents of young children consider important and potentially modifiable factors and resources influencing their children's oral health, within the contexts of the family and the community...
2016: PloS One
Kathryn R Fingar, Sibylle H Lob, Melanie S Dove, Pat Gradziel, Michael P Curtis
Objectives Women with longer, healthier pregnancies have more time to enroll in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC), biasing associations between WIC and birth outcomes. We examined the association between WIC and preterm birth (PTB), low birth weight (LBW), and perinatal death (PND) using a fetuses-at-risk approach to address this bias, termed gestational age bias. Methods We linked California Medi-Cal recipients with a singleton live birth or fetal death from the 2010 Birth Cohort to WIC participant data (n = 236,564)...
August 16, 2016: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Tatiana Andreyeva, Amanda S Tripp
OBJECTIVE: In 2009, the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) implemented new food packages to improve dietary intake among WIC participants. This paper examines how the healthfulness of food purchases among low-income households changed following this reform. METHODS: Point-of-sale data for 2137 WIC-participating and 1303 comparison households were obtained from a regional supermarket chain. The healthfulness of purchased foods and beverages was determined per their saturated fat, sugar, and sodium content...
October 2016: Preventive Medicine
Heather Aldrich, Bonnie Gance-Cleveland
Objectives A cross-sectional study comparing weight-for-length status of children 6-24 months old who participated in Nurse-Family Partnership (NFP) or Special Supplemental Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC). Methods Secondary analysis of NFP (n = 44,980) and WIC (n = 31,294) national datasets was conducted to evaluate infant and toddler growth trajectories. Weight-for-length status was calculated at 6, 12, 18, and 24 months based on World Health Organization criteria. Demographics and breastfeeding rates were also evaluated...
August 2, 2016: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Jennifer S Savage, Cody D Neshteruk, Katherine N Balantekin, Leann L Birch
Objectives Describe themes characterizing feeding behaviors of low-income women participating in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC), and identify the attitudes, beliefs, and sources of information that inform these practices. Methods Formative research was conducted including focus groups and semi-structured individual phone interviews with a total of 68 low-income women participating in WIC. Qualitative data were recorded, transcribed, imported into NVivo 8.0, and analyzed for common themes...
July 27, 2016: Maternal and Child Health Journal
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