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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934765/qualitative-study-the-experience-and-impact-of-living-with-behcet-s-syndrome
#1
Vicky Tai, Karen Lindsay, Joanne L Sims, Fiona M McQueen
AIM: Behcet's syndrome is a rare chronic multisystemic vasculitis of unknown aetiology, is unpredictable and can cause life-threatening complications. This qualitative study aims to explore the experiences of patients living with Behcet's syndrome in New Zealand. METHODS: Eight English-speaking patients participated in in-depth semi-structured interviews about their experiences of living with Behcet's syndrome. Interviews were recorded and transcribed. Data were analysed using a general inductive thematic approach...
September 22, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934724/integrating-health-into-local-climate-response-lessons-from-the-u-s-cdc-climate-ready-states-and-cities-initiative
#2
Mary C Sheehan, Mary A Fox, Charlotte Kaye, Beth Resnick
Public health has potential to serve as a frame to convey the urgency of behavior change needed to adapt to a changing climate and reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Local governments form the backbone of climate-related public health preparedness. Yet local health agencies are often inadequately prepared and poorly integrated into climate change assessments and plans. We reviewed the climate health profiles of 16 states and two cities participating in the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)'s Climate-Ready States and Cities Initiative (CRSCI) that aims to build local capacity to assess and respond to the health impacts of climate change...
September 20, 2017: Environmental Health Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934403/improving-inpatient-medication-adherence-using-attendant-education-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-uganda
#3
Patricia Alupo, Richard Ssekitoleko, Tracy Rabin, Robert Kalyesubula, Ivan Kimuli, Benjamin E Bodnar
Quality problem: Although widely utilized in resource-rich health care systems, the use of quality improvement (QI) techniques is less common in resource-limited environments. Uganda is a resource-limited country in Sub-Saharan Africa that faces many challenges with health care delivery. These challenges include understaffing, inconsistent drug availability and inefficient systems that limit the provision of clinical care. Initial assessment: Poor adherence to prescribed inpatient medications was identified as a key shortcoming of clinical care on the internal medicine wards of Mulago National Referral Hospital, Kampala, Uganda...
August 1, 2017: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934333/supermarket-purchase-contributes-to-nutrition-related-non-communicable-diseases-in-urban-kenya
#4
Kathrin M Demmler, Stephan Klasen, Jonathan M Nzuma, Matin Qaim
BACKGROUND: While undernutrition and related infectious diseases are still pervasive in many developing countries, the prevalence of non-communicable diseases (NCD), typically associated with high body mass index (BMI), is rapidly rising. The fast spread of supermarkets and related shifts in diets were identified as possible factors contributing to overweight and obesity in developing countries. Potential effects of supermarkets on people's health have not been analyzed up till now. OBJECTIVE: This study investigates the effects of purchasing food in supermarkets on people's BMI, as well as on health indicators such as fasting blood glucose (FBG), blood pressure (BP), and the metabolic syndrome...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934269/should-i-drink-responsibly-safely-or-properly-confusing-messages-about-reducing-alcohol-related-harm
#5
Sandra C Jones, Sabine Hall, Kypros Kypri
'Responsible drinking' campaigns emerged in the early 1970s as a means of addressing hazardous drinking and its related consequences. While these were initially the product of public health agencies and health-related NGOs, they are increasingly being developed and disseminated by the alcohol industry. There is considerable debate as to whether industry-generated campaigns are designed to reduce hazardous drinking and related problems (as argued by their developers) or are designed to avoid government regulation or even to increase sales...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934181/notes-from-the-field-increase-in-reported-hepatitis-a-infections-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-new-york-city-january-august-2017
#6
Julia Latash, Marie Dorsinville, Paula Del Rosso, Mike Antwi, Vasudha Reddy, HaeNa Waechter, Jacqueline Lawler, Heather Boss, Philip Kurpiel, P Bryon Backenson, Charles Gonzalez, Shannon Rowe, Tasha Poissant, Yulin Lin, Guo-Liang Xia, Sharon Balter
Since 2011, the New York City (NYC) Department of Health and Mental Hygiene (DOHMH) has typically been notified of three or fewer cases of hepatitis A virus (HAV) infection each year among men who have sex with men (MSM) who reported no travel to countries where HAV is endemic. This year, DOHMH noted an increase in HAV infections among MSM with onsets in January-March 2017, and notified other public health jurisdictions via Epi-X, CDC's communication exchange network. As a result, 51 patients with HAV infection involving MSM were linked to the increase in NYC...
September 22, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933674/critical-healthcare-management-studies-green-shoots
#7
Martin Kitchener, Aoife M McDermott, Simon Cooper
Purpose While critical approaches have enriched research in proximate fields, their impact has been less marked in studies of healthcare management. In response, the 2016 Organizational Behaviour in Health Care Conference hosted its first-ever session dedicated to the emergent field of critical healthcare management studies (CHMSs). The purpose of this paper is to present five papers selected from that conference. Design/methodology/approach In this introductory paper, the authors frame the contributions as "green shoots" in a field of CHMS which contains four main furrows of activity: questioning the taken-for-granted; moving beyond instrumentalism; reflexivity and meanings in research; and challenging structures of domination (Kitchener and Thomas, 2016)...
August 21, 2017: Journal of Health Organization and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933343/the-european-medical-corps-first-public-health-team-mission-and-future-perspectives
#8
Joana M Haussig, Ettore Severi, Jonathan Hj Baum, Veerle Vanlerberghe, Amparo Laiseca, Laurent Defrance, Cristina Brailescu, Denis Coulombier, Josep Jansa
The 2013-2016 Ebola epidemic in West Africa challenged traditional international mechanisms for public health team mobilisation to control outbreaks. Consequently, in February 2016, the European Union (EU) launched the European Medical Corps (EMC), a mechanism developed in collaboration with the World Health Organization (WHO) to rapidly deploy teams and equipment in response to public health emergencies inside and outside the EU. Public Health Teams (PHTs), a component of the EMC, consist of experts in communicable disease prevention and control from participating countries and the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC), to support affected countries and WHO in risk assessment and outbreak response...
September 14, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933305/epidemiology-of-diabetes-mellitus-in-the-united-arab-emirates
#9
Hira Abdul Razzak, Alya Harbi, Wael Shelpai, Ahmad Qawas
Background/ Objective: Diabetes mellitus is a non-communicable disease which has become a major global public health issue. This systematic review summarized epidemiological studies related to the prevalence, risk factors, complications, incidence, knowledge, attitude and practices of Diabetes Mellitus (DM) among Arab population in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). METHOD: PubMed, Scopus databases, Science direct, Wiley online library, and other local journals were searched to identify relevant literature using appropriate keywords to retrieve studies conducted in the UAE...
September 20, 2017: Current Diabetes Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933055/safety-concerns-reported-by-patients-identified-in-a-collaborative-signal-detection-workshop-using-vigibase-results-and-reflections-from-lareb-and-uppsala-monitoring-centre
#10
Sarah Watson, Rebecca E Chandler, Henric Taavola, Linda Härmark, Birgitta Grundmark, Alem Zekarias, Kristina Star, Florence van Hunsel
INTRODUCTION: Patient reporting in pharmacovigilance is important and contributes to signal detection. However, descriptions of methodologies for using patient reports in signal detection are scarce, and published experiences of how patient reports are used in pharmacovigilance are limited to a few individual countries. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to explore the contribution of patient reports to global signal detection in VigiBase. METHODS: Data were retrieved from VigiBase in September 2016...
September 20, 2017: Drug Safety: An International Journal of Medical Toxicology and Drug Experience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932740/tapping-the-vast-potential-of-the-data-deluge-in-small-scale-food-animal-production-businesses-challenges-to-near-real-time-data-analysis-and-interpretation
#11
Flavie Vial, Andrew Tedder
Food-animal production businesses are part of a data-driven ecosystem shaped by stringent requirements for traceability along the value chain and the expanding capabilities of connected products. Within this sector, the generation of animal health intelligence, in particular, in terms of antimicrobial usage, is hindered by the lack of a centralized framework for data storage and usage. In this Perspective, we delimit the 11 processes required for evidence-based decisions and explore processes 3 (digital data acquisition) to 10 (communication to decision-makers) in more depth...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932246/implementation-and-evaluation-of-an-intervention-for-children-in-afghanistan-at-risk-for-substance-use-or-actively-using-psychoactive-substances
#12
Abdul Subor Momand, Elizabeth Mattfeld, Brian Morales, Manzoor Ul Haq, Thom Browne, Kevin E O'Grady, Hendrée E Jones
The present study examined the impact of a novel intervention for children at risk for substance use or actively using substances that was provided to 783 children between 4 and 18 years of age in Afghanistan. They received the Child Intervention for Living Drug-free (CHILD) protocol while in outpatient or residential treatment. CHILD included age-appropriate literacy and numeracy, drug education, basic living safety, and communication and trauma coping skills. A battery of measures examined multiple child health domains at treatment's start and end and 12 weeks later...
2017: International Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931972/relationship-of-health-sociodemographic-and-economic-factors-and-life-satisfaction-in-young-old-and-old-old-elderly-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-data-from-the-korean-longitudinal-study-of-aging
#13
Jin-Won Noh, Kyoung-Beom Kim, Ju Hyun Lee, Min Hee Kim, Young Dae Kwon
[Purpose] The purpose of the present study was to investigate the relationship of health, sociodemographic, and economic factors and life satisfaction in young-old and old-old elderly groups. [Subjects and Methods] In the 2012 data from the Korean Longitudinal Study of Ageing, 4,134 of the final survey subjects aged 65 or older were analyzed. Multivaribale linear regression was performed to examine the degrees of explanatory power as factors (health, sociodemographic, and economic) in young-old (65 to 79 years) and old-old (80 years or older)...
September 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931622/connexins-in-cardiovascular-and-neurovascular-health-and-disease-pharmacological-implications
#14
REVIEW
Luc Leybaert, Paul D Lampe, Stefan Dhein, Brenda R Kwak, Peter Ferdinandy, Eric C Beyer, Dale W Laird, Christian C Naus, Colin R Green, Rainer Schulz
Connexins are ubiquitous channel forming proteins that assemble as plasma membrane hemichannels and as intercellular gap junction channels that directly connect cells. In the heart, gap junction channels electrically connect myocytes and specialized conductive tissues to coordinate the atrial and ventricular contraction/relaxation cycles and pump function. In blood vessels, these channels facilitate long-distance endothelial cell communication, synchronize smooth muscle cell contraction, and support endothelial-smooth muscle cell communication...
October 2017: Pharmacological Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931535/risk-of-hospitalisation-with-fever-following-menb-vaccination-self-controlled-case-series-analysis
#15
Heather Murdoch, Lynn Wallace, Jennifer Bishop, Chris Robertson, J Claire Cameron
OBJECTIVE: To investigate a possible association between fever admissions and 4 component Meningococcal B (4CMenB). DESIGN: 4CMenB is given at 8 and 16 weeks in the first year of life. Self-controlled case series using linked routinely collected healthcare data, where the risk period was the 3 days immediately following receipt of a vaccine dose. PATIENTS: Children aged under 1 year in Scotland preintroduction and postintroduction of 4CMenB vaccine (pre-September 2014 to August 2015 and post-September 2015 to June 2016)...
October 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931501/cancer-predisposition-cascade-screening-for-hereditary-breast-ovarian-cancer-and-lynch-syndromes-in-switzerland-study-protocol
#16
Maria C Katapodi, Valeria Viassolo, Maria Caiata-Zufferey, Christos Nikolaidis, Rosmarie Bührer-Landolt, Nicole Buerki, Rossella Graffeo, Henrik Csaba Horváth, Christian Kurzeder, Manuela Rabaglio, Michael Scharfe, Corinne Urech, Tobias E Erlanger, Nicole Probst-Hensch, Karl Heinimann, Viola Heinzelmann-Schwarz, Olivia Pagani, Pierre O Chappuis
BACKGROUND: Breast, colorectal, ovarian, and endometrial cancers constitute approximately 30% of newly diagnosed cancer cases in Switzerland, affecting more than 12,000 individuals annually. Hundreds of these patients are likely to carry germline pathogenic variants associated with hereditary breast ovarian cancer (HBOC) or Lynch syndrome (LS). Genetic services (counseling and testing) for hereditary susceptibility to cancer can prevent many cancer diagnoses and deaths through early identification and risk management...
September 20, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931499/twitter-and-public-health-part-1-how-individual-public-health-professionals-use-twitter-for-professional-development
#17
Mark Hart, Nichole E Stetten, Sabrina Islam, Katherine Pizarro
BACKGROUND: The use of social networking sites is increasingly being adopted in public health, in part, because of the barriers to funding and reduced resources. Public health professionals are using social media platforms, specifically Twitter, as a way to facilitate professional development. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to identify public health professionals using Twitter and to analyze how they use this platform to enhance their formal and informal professional development within the context of public health...
September 20, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931491/global-regional-and-national-burden-of-neurological-disorders-during-1990-2015-a-systematic-analysis-for-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2015
#18
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Comparable data on the global and country-specific burden of neurological disorders and their trends are crucial for health-care planning and resource allocation. The Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors (GBD) Study provides such information but does not routinely aggregate results that are of interest to clinicians specialising in neurological conditions. In this systematic analysis, we quantified the global disease burden due to neurological disorders in 2015 and its relationship with country development level...
September 15, 2017: Lancet Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931381/a-qualitative-study-to-identify-parents-perceptions-of-and-barriers-to-asthma-management-in-children-from-south-asian-and-white-british-families
#19
Monica Lakhanpaul, Lorraine Culley, Noelle Robertson, Deborah Bird, Nicky Hudson, Narynder Johal, Melanie McFeeters, Emma Angell, Charlotte Hamlyn-Williams, Nadine Abbas, Logan Manikam, Mark Johnson
BACKGROUND: Over one million children receive treatment for asthma in the UK. South Asian children experience excess morbidity and higher rates of hospitalization than the White population. This study aimed to explore perceptions and experiences of asthma and asthma management in British South Asian and White British families, to identify barriers to optimal management and to inform culturally appropriate interventions to improve management. METHODS: A qualitative methodology, using semi-structured interviews was adopted...
September 20, 2017: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931145/medical-and-psychological-problems-faced-by-young-australian-gap-year-travellers
#20
Luis Furuya-Kanamori, Deborah Mills, Sarah Sheridan, Colleen Lau
Background: Gap year travellers can potentially be exposed to many infectious diseases and other travel-related health problems including injuries and psychological problems. Currently, there is little information on health and wellbeing of this particular group of travellers. Methods: Participants were recruited from an organization that specialized in organising international gap year placements. Gap year travellers were asked to complete a pre-departure survey on demographics, placement destination and duration, previous travel experience, hobbies, risk taking behaviour, anticipated problems during the placement, and pre-travel preparations...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Travel Medicine
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