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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222570/communication-vulnerable-in-patients-with-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-a-systematic-review
#1
Lavoisier Leite Neto, Ana Carolina Constantini, Regina Yu Shon Chun
BACKGROUND: Individuals with Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) exhibits speech disorders since the early stages that decrease the communication rate and interfere in social participation. OBJECTIVE: To conduct a literature review on communication vulnerable and Augmentative and Alternative Communication (AAC) in Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis. METHOD: Descriptors of the Health Sciences Descriptors (DeCS) were used: Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis, Health Vulnerability, Communication Barriers, Nonverbal Communication, and Communication Aids for Disabled...
February 10, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222472/telemedizin-chancen-in-der-schmerztherapie
#2
Carla Nau
Pain is generally undertreated and there is a need to differentiate and improve access to appropriate pain care. The growing Field of telehealth offers a novel opportunity for pain care, exploiting mainly communicative and pharmacological therapeutic principles. Rationale for telemedicine for the management of chronic pain are the potential to overcome timely, economical, and structural barriers for the access to specialized pain care as well as the general open mindedness of physicians and patients towards this technology...
February 2017: Anästhesiologie, Intensivmedizin, Notfallmedizin, Schmerztherapie: AINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222271/pathways-to-lung-cancer-diagnosis-a-qualitative-study-of-patients-and-general-practitioners-about-diagnostic-and-pre-treatment-intervals
#3
Nicole M Rankin, Sarah York, Emily Stone, David Barnes, Deborah McGregor, Michelle Lai, Tim Shaw, Phyllis N Butow
RATIONALE: Pathways to lung cancer diagnosis and treatment are complex. International evidence shows significant variations in pathways. Qualitative research investigating pathways to lung cancer diagnosis rarely considers both patient and general practitioner views simultaneously. OBJECTIVES: To describe the lung cancer diagnostic pathway, focusing on the perspective of patients and general practitioners about diagnostic and pre-treatment intervals. METHODS: This qualitative study of lung cancer patients and general practitioners in Australia used qualitative interviews or a focus group in which participants responded to a semistructured questionnaire designed to explore experiences of the diagnostic pathway...
February 21, 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222230/evaluation-of-adherence-predictors-for-the-treatment-of-moderate-to-severe-psoriasis-with-biologics-the-importance-of-physician-patient-interaction-and-communication
#4
I Zschocke, C Ortland, K Reich
BACKGROUND: Treatment efficacy of biologic agents in moderate to severe psoriasis is regarded as high with patient adherence being higher than for traditional therapies. However, use of biologics is connected to high discontinuation rates. The current investigator-initiated study was conducted to improve the understanding of adherence. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was designed as non-interventional retrospective multicentre trial in Germany. Questionnaires were developed based on the adherence dimensions identified by the World Health Organisation, WHO...
February 21, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222101/costs-and-effects-of-a-state-wide-health-promotion-program-in-primary-schools-in-germany-the-baden-w%C3%A3-rttemberg-study-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Dorothea Kesztyüs, Romy Lauer, Tibor Kesztyüs, Reinhold Kilian, Jürgen M Steinacker
AIM: To evaluate the cost-effectiveness of the state-wide implementation of the health promotion program "Join the Healthy Boat" in primary schools in Germany. METHODS: Cluster-randomized intervention trial with wait-list control group. Anthropometric data of 1733 participating children (7.1 ± 0.6 years) were taken by trained staff before and after a one year intervention period in the academic year 2010/11. Parents provided information about the health status, and the health behaviour of their children and themselves, parental anthropometrics, and socio-economic background variables...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221952/development-of-a-home-food-safety-questionnaire-based-on-the-precede-model-targeting-iranian-women
#6
Fatemeh Esfarjani, Hedayat Hosseini, Fatemeh Mohammadi-Nasrabadi, Alireza Abadi, Roshanak Roustaee, Haleh Alikhanian, Marjan Khalafi, Mohammad Farhad Kiaee, Ramin Khaksar
Food safety is an essential public health issue for all countries. This study was the first attempt to design and develop a home food safety questionnaire (HFSQ), in the conceptual framework of the PRECEDE (predisposing, reinforcing, and enabling constructs in educational diagnosis and evaluation) model, and to assess its validity and reliability. The HFSQ was developed by reviewing electronic databases and 12 focus group discussions with 96 women volunteers. Ten panel members reviewed the questionnaire, and the content validity ratio and content validity index were computed...
December 2016: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221213/validation-of-the-european-health-literacy-survey-questionnaire-in-women-with-breast-cancer
#7
Yi-Jing Huang, Gong-Hong Lin, Wen-Shian Lu, Ka-Wai Tam, Chiehfeng Chen, Wen-Hsuan Hou, Ching-Lin Hsieh
BACKGROUND: Health literacy enables effective communication, participation, and cooperation with clinicians of patients with breast cancer in healthcare processes. The European Health Literacy Survey Questionnaire (HLS-EU-Q) comprehensively assesses multiple conceptual domains of health literacy in a diverse range of health contexts. However, the HLS-EU-Q has not been validated in women with breast cancer. OBJECTIVES: We examined the psychometric properties, particularly the factorial validity, of the HLS-EU-Q in women with breast cancer...
February 17, 2017: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220984/enacting-open-disclosure-in-the-uk-national-health-service-a-qualitative-exploration
#8
Reema Harrison, Yvonne Birks, Kate Bosanquet, Rick Iedema
BACKGROUND: Open and honest discussion between healthcare providers and patients and families affected by error is considered to be a central feature of high quality and safer patient care, evidenced by the implementation of open disclosure policies and guidance internationally. This paper discusses the perceived enablers that UK doctors and nurses report as facilitating the enactment of open disclosure. METHODS: Semistructured interviews with 13 doctors and 22 nurses from a range of levels and specialities from 5 national health service hospitals and primary care trusts in the UK were conducted and analysed using a framework approach...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220912/shift-schedule-work-family-relationships-marital-communication-job-satisfaction-and-health-among-transport-service-shift-workers
#9
Irena Iskra-Golec, Lawrence Smith, Ewa Wilczek-Rużyczka, Patrycja Siemiginowska, Joanna Wątroba
OBJECTIVES: Existing research has documented that shiftwork consequences may depend on the shift system parameters. Fast rotating systems (1-3 shifts of the same kind in a row) and day work have been found to be less disruptive biologically and socially than slower rotating systems and afternoon and night work. The aim of this study was to compare day workers and shift workers of different systems in terms of rotation speed and shifts worked with regard to work-family and family-work positive and negative spillover, marital communication style, job satisfaction and health...
February 21, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220581/effect-of-organizational-features-on-patient-satisfaction-with-care-in-italian-multiple-sclerosis-centres
#10
K Mattarozzi, E Baldin, C Zenesini, A Solari, M P Amato, M Leone, G Mancardi, V Martinelli, G Savettieri, C Solaro, M R Tola, R D'Alessandro
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Receiving clear, complete and up-to-date information and having a satisfying relationship with the health professional (HP) are of primary importance for MS patients. Healthcare organization plays a key role in promoting an effective relationship and communication between patients and HPs. The present study aims to explore which care organization and service characteristics provided by Italian MS centres best predict patients' satisfaction with healthcare. METHODS: Eighty-one centres and 707 patients (502 women, mean age 40...
February 21, 2017: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220553/african-american-fathers-perspectives-on-facilitators-and-barriers-to-father-son-sexual-health-communication
#11
Schenita D Randolph, Tanya Coakley, Jeffrey Shears, Roland J Thorpe
African-American males ages 13 through 24 are disproportionately affected by sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), accounting for over half of all HIV infections in this age group in the United States. Clear communication between African-American parents and their youth about sexual health is associated with higher rates of sexual abstinence, condom use, and intent to delay initiation of sexual intercourse. However, little is known about African-American fathers' perceptions of what facilitates and inhibits sexual health communication with their preadolescent and adolescent sons...
February 21, 2017: Research in Nursing & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220518/describing-student-performance-a-comparison-among-clinical-preceptors-across-cultural-contexts
#12
Kerry Wilbur, Noha Hassaballa, Omaima S Mahmood, Emily K Black
CONTEXT: Health professional student evaluation during experiential training is notably subjective and assessor judgements may be affected by socio-cultural influences. OBJECTIVES: This study sought to explore how clinical preceptors in pharmacy conceptualise varying levels of student performance and to identify any contextual differences that may exist across different countries. METHODS: The qualitative research design employed semi-structured interviews...
February 20, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220515/challenges-in-conducting-multicentre-multidisciplinary-longitudinal-studies-in-children-with-chronic-conditions
#13
Hillary L Broder, Canice E Crerand, Ryan R Ruff, Alexandre Peshansky, David B Sarwer, Lacey Sischo
OBJECTIVES: Conducting longitudinal, multicentre, multidisciplinary research for individuals with chronic conditions can be challenging. Despite careful planning, investigative teams must adapt to foreseen and unforeseen problems. Our objective is to identify challenges encountered and solutions sought in a recently completed observational, longitudinal study of youth with cleft lip and palate as well as their caregivers. METHODS: Data for analysis were derived from a 6-year, multicentre, prospective, longitudinal study of youth with cleft conducted from 2009 to 2015 that examined oral health-related quality of life and other related clinical observations over time in youth who had cleft-related surgery compared to those who did not...
February 21, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220342/icons-for-health-effects-of-cigarette-smoke-a-test-of-semiotic-type
#14
Allison J Lazard, Annie Schmidt, Huyen Vu, M Justin Byron, Ellen Peters, Marcella H Boynton, Noel T Brewer
We sought to identify icons to effectively communicate health harms of chemicals in cigarette smoke. Participants were a convenience sample of 701 U.S. adults. A within-subjects online experiment explored the effects of icon semiotic type: symbolic (arbitrary, most abstract), indexical, and iconic (representative, most concrete). Outcomes were perceived representation, affect toward smoking, elaboration, perceived severity, and perceived effectiveness. For not-easy-to-visualize harms of cancer and addiction, symbolic icons received the highest ratings (all p < ...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220322/serious-fungal-infections-in-the-philippines
#15
M C R Batac, D Denning
The Philippines is a low middle-income, tropical country in Southeast Asia. Infectious diseases remain the main causes of morbidity, including tuberculosis. AIDS/HIV prevalence is still low at <1%, but is rapidly increasing. Fungal disease surveillance has not been done, and its burden has never been estimated. This becomes more important as the population of immunocompromised patients increases, drawn from patients with AIDS, TB, malignancies, and autoimmune diseases requiring chronic steroid use. Using the methodology of the LIFE program ( www...
February 21, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220251/triple-aim-improvement-for-individuals-services-and-society-in-dementia-care-the-dementianet-collaborative-care-approach
#16
M S Nieuwboer, A Richters, M A van der Marck
BACKGROUND: A redesigning of primary care is required to meet dementia patients' needs. In the Netherlands, current dementia care still falls short in areas including ad hoc collaboration, lack of feedback on quality to professionals involved, and insufficient implementation of established multidisciplinary guidelines. OBJECTIVE: DementiaNet is a collaborative care approach, which aims to reduce the burden of the disease on individuals, healthcare services and society via network-based care that encourages collaboration, enhances knowledge and skills and stimulates quality improvement cycles...
February 20, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219959/randomised-prospective-medico-economic-nationwide-french-study-of-islet-transplantation-in-patients-with-severely-unstable-type-1-diabetes-the-stabilot-study-protocol
#17
Sandrine Lablanche, Sandra David-Tchouda, Jennifer Margier, Edith Schir, Anne Wojtusciszyn, Sophie Borot, Laurence Kessler, Emmanuel Morelon, Charles Thivolet, François Pattou, Marie Christine Vantyghem, Thierry Berney, Pierre-Yves Benhamou
INTRODUCTION: Islet transplantation may be an appropriate treatment option for patients with severely unstable type 1 diabetes experiencing major glucose variability with severe hypoglycaemia despite intensive insulin therapy. Few data are available on the costs associated with islet transplantation in relation to its benefits. The STABILOT study proposes to assess the economic impact of islet transplantation in comparison with the current best medical treatment defined as sensor-augmented pump (SAP) therapy...
February 20, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219878/features-of-a-mobile-support-app-for-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-literature-review-and-current-applications
#18
Drishty D Sobnath, Nada Philip, Reem Kayyali, Shereen Nabhani-Gebara, Barbara Pierscionek, Anouk W Vaes, Martijn A Spruit, Evangelos Kaimakamis
BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a serious long-term lung disease in which the airflow from the lungs is progressively reduced. By 2030, COPD will become the third cause of mortality and seventh cause of morbidity worldwide. With advances in technology and mobile communications, significant progress in the mobile health (mHealth) sector has been recently observed. Mobile phones with app capabilities (smartphones) are now considered as potential media for the self-management of certain types of diseases such as asthma, cancer, COPD, or cardiovascular diseases...
February 20, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219097/-work-anxieties-and-their-treatment-in-medical-rehabilitation-hand-tools-for-capacity-training-and-psychotherapy
#19
B Muschalla
Work-anxieties are often going along with workplace problems and long-term sick leave. Psychopathologically, different qualities of work anxiety can be distinguished: worrying, phobic anxiety, health-related anxiety, anxiety of insufficiency. An evaluation of a work-anxiety treatment showed that confronting patients with the topic work during medical rehabilitation leads to a better course. In work-oriented capacity trainings or behavior therapy groups, coping with everyday phenomena at work may be trained (self-presentation, social rules, work organization and problem solving, coping with chronic illness and impairment conditions)...
February 2017: Die Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219081/current-methods-of-evaluating-speech-language-outcomes-for-preschoolers-with-communication-disorders-a-scoping-review-using-the-icf-cy
#20
Barbara Jane Cunningham, Karla N Washington, Amanda Binns, Katelyn Rolfe, Bernadette Robertson, Peter Rosenbaum
Purpose: The purpose of this scoping review was to identify current measures used to evaluate speech-language outcomes for preschoolers with communication disorders within the framework of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health-Children and Youth Version (ICF-CY; World Health Organization, 2007). Method: The review involved 5 phases outlined by Arksey and O'Malley (2005) and further developed by Levac, Colquhoun, and O'Brien (2010): (a) articulating the research question; (b) identifying relevant studies; (c) selecting studies; (d) charting the data; and (e) collating, summarizing, and reporting the results...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
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