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school nutrition

Eglal E Elrayah, Siham A Balla, Haidar Abu Ahmed
Anthropometric measurements are used to assess growth of children which is affected by different biological and environmental factors. The importance of the period after the first 1000 days of life has been identified in the attempt to restore normal growth and body functions. The objectives of this study are to assess the growth and nutritional status of school children in Khartoum locality, Khartoum State, Sudan and to verify socioeconomic status and sex as factors influencing growth of children. This is a cross-sectional school-based study including 390 children, males and females, of ages between 5-12 years (60-44 months) from private and public schools...
March 15, 2018: Anthropologischer Anzeiger; Bericht über die Biologisch-anthropologische Literatur
Maria McInerney, Vikki Ho, Anita Koushik, Isabelle Massarelli, Isabelle Rondeau, Gavin R McCormack, Ilona Csizmadi
INTRODUCTION: Poor diet quality has been shown to increase the risk of common chronic diseases that can negatively impact quality of life and burden the healthcare system. Canada's Food Guide evidence-based recommendations provide dietary guidance aimed at increasing diet quality. Compliance with Canada's Food Guide can be assessed with the Canadian Healthy Eating Index (C-HEI), a diet quality score. The recently designed Canadian Diet History Questionnaire II (C-DHQ II), a comprehensive food frequency questionnaire could be used to estimate the C-HEI in Canadian populations with the addition of food group equivalents (representing Canada's Food Guide servings) to the C-DHQ II nutrient database...
March 2018: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
Deborah S Fetter, Rachel Erin Scherr, Jessica D Linnell, Madan Dharmar, Sara E Schaefer, Sheri Zidenberg-Cherr
OBJECTIVE: Physical activity has been shown to have a wide range of beneficial health effects, yet few youth meet the United States physical activity recommendation of 60 minutes of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) everyday. The objective of this study was to determine whether physical activity patterns improved in a subsample of fourth-graders participating in the multicomponent intervention, the Shaping Healthy Choices Program (SHCP). METHODS: At pre- and post-intervention assessments, youth at the control and intervention schools wore a Polar Active monitor on their nondominant wrist 24 h/d for at least 2 consecutive days...
March 13, 2018: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
Hopin Lee, Alix Hall, Nicole Nathan, Kathryn L Reilly, Kirsty Seward, Christopher M Williams, Serene Yoong, Meghan Finch, John Wiggers, Luke Wolfenden
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization recommends that nations implement evidence-based nutritional guidelines and policies in settings such as schools and childcare services to improve public health nutrition. Understanding the causal mechanism by which implementation strategies exert their effects could enhance guideline implementation. The aim of this study was to assess the mechanisms by which implementation strategies improved schools and childcare services' adherence to nutrition guidelines...
March 12, 2018: Implementation Science: IS
Nan Guo, Thalia Robakis, Claire Miller, Alexander Butwick
OBJECTIVE: To describe the prevalence, use of antidepressants, and predictors of major and minor depression among nonpregnant women of childbearing age. METHODS: Using data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys 2007-2014, we performed a cross-sectional study of 3,705 nonpregnant women of childbearing age. The primary outcome is the prevalence of major depression, and secondary outcomes are the prevalence of minor depression, rates of antidepressant use, and predictors of major and minor depression...
March 8, 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
Larissa Galastri Baraldi, Euridice Martinez Steele, Daniela Silva Canella, Carlos Augusto Monteiro
OBJECTIVES: To compare ultra-processed food consumption across sociodemographic groups and over time (2007-2008, 2009-2010, 2011-2012) in the USA. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2007-2012. PARTICIPANTS: All individuals aged ≥2 years with at least one 24-hour dietary recall were included (n=23 847). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Average dietary contribution of ultra-processed foods (expressed as a percentage of the total caloric value of the diet), obtained after classifying all food items according to extent and purpose of industrial food processing using NOVA classification...
March 9, 2018: BMJ Open
Anna Galczak-Kondraciuk, Paweł Stempel, Jan Czeczelewski
Background: Children and youth constitute a group that is particularly prone to the effects of improper diet. In the puberty period, numerous significant lifestyle choices are made, for instance regarding particular nutritional behaviours which may be repeated later in life and may determine the state of health. Objective: The aim of the study was to assess nutritional behaviours of children aged 7-12 attending to primary schools in Biala Podlaska county (Eastern Region of Poland)...
2018: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
Samuel Mersha Birru, Aysheshim Kassahun Belew, Amare Tariku
BACKGROUND: Poor nutritional status of adolescent girls has a negative effect on the next generation as undernourished adolescents enter pregnancy with poor nutrient reserve. However, there is scarcity of evidence showing the burden of stunting among adolescent girls in Ethiopia. Therefore, the objective of this study aimed to assess prevalence of stunting and associated factors among school adolescent girls in Gondar City Administration, northwest Ethiopia. METHODS: Cross-sectional study was conducted from March to April, 2017...
March 7, 2018: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
S A Darfour-Oduro, J E Andrade, D S Grigsby-Toussaint
Background: Inadequate physical activity (PA) and consumption of fruits and vegetables (FV) are known risk factors for non-communicable diseases (NCDs). Consequently, the World Health Organization (WHO) encourages the development of policies to increase PA and FV consumption. We reviewed available policies between 2004 and 2013 to increase FV consumption and PA from a convenience sample of 49 LMICs. Method: Information on national policies were obtained from government ministries involved with the formulation of nutrition and PA policies, WHO databases and from PubMed and Scopus...
March 3, 2018: Journal of Public Health
Philippa Fibert, Clare Relton, Tessa Peasgood, David Daley
Background: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common and growing problem and a leading cause of child referrals to Child and Adult Mental Health Services (CAMHS). It is a drain on resources across nationally funded support agencies and associated with negative outcomes such as early criminality, school disruption and antisocial behaviour. Mainstream interventions (pharmacological and behavioural) demonstrate effectiveness whilst implemented, but are costly, often have unwanted side effects and do not appear to be affecting long-term outcomes...
2018: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
Jianhong Ma, Zhenxin Zhu, Xiao Chen, Yan Guo, Huansheng Zhang, Yuyan Zhang, Jiajie Zang
OBJECTIVE: To understand parents' knowledge and use of nutrition labelling and to explore its associated factors. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. SETTING: Two schools providing a nine-year educational programme in Putuo District, Shanghai, China, were selected for the study. Information was included on demographic data and knowledge of the Chinese Food Pagoda. SUBJECTS: Students and their parents (n 1770) participated in a questionnaire survey...
March 7, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
Iraci Duarte Lima, Adila L M Lima, Carolina de Oliveira Mendes-Aguiar, José F V Coutinho, Mary E Wilson, Richard D Pearson, José Wilton Queiroz, Selma M B Jeronimo
BACKGROUND: Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) caused by Leishmania infantum became a disease of urban areas in Brazil in the last 30 years and there has been an increase in asymptomatic L. infantum infection with these areas. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: A retrospective study of human VL was performed in the state of Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil, for the period of 1990-2014. The data were divided into five-time periods. For all VL cases, data on sex, age, nutritional status and childhood vaccination were collected...
March 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Yen-Han Lee, Timothy Chiang, Ching-Ti Liu
Purpose China launched a comprehensive health reform in 2009 to improve healthcare quality. Because preventive care utilization in China has not been frequently discussed, the purpose of this paper is to focus on the association between education level and preventive care before and after the initiation of the reform. Education has been referred to as the best health outcome indicator and China's educational reform has been progressive, such as the health reform. Design/methodology/approach The authors analyzed data from four China Health and Nutrition Surveys (CHNS): 2004 ( n=9,617); 2006 ( n=9,527); 2009 ( n=9,873); and 2011 ( n=9,430)...
February 12, 2018: International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance
Citlalli Alvarez Zaragoza, Edgar Manuel Vasquez Garibay, Andrea A García Contreras, Alfredo Larrosa Haro, Enrique Romero Velarde, Alejandro Rea Rosas, José Luis Cabrales de Anda, Israel Vega Olea
This study demonstrated the relationship of low bone mineral density (BMD) with the degree of motor impairment, method of feeding, anthropometric indicators, and malnutrition in children with quadriplegic cerebral palsy (CP). The control of these factors could optimize adequate bone mineralization, avoid the risk of osteoporosis, and would improve the quality of life. PURPOSE: The purpose of the study is to explore the relationship between low BMD and nutritional status in children with quadriplegic CP...
March 4, 2018: Archives of Osteoporosis
Linda K Ko, Eileen Rillamas-Sun, Sonia Bishop, Oralia Cisneros, Sarah Holte, Beti Thompson
BACKGROUND: Hispanic children are disproportionally overweight and obese compared to their non-Hispanic white counterparts in the US. Community-wide, multi-level interventions have been successful to promote healthier nutrition, increased physical activity (PA), and weight loss. Using community-based participatory approach (CBPR) that engages community members in rural Hispanic communities is a promising way to promote behavior change, and ultimately weight loss among Hispanic children...
February 28, 2018: Contemporary Clinical Trials
Anne Martin, Josephine N Booth, Yvonne Laird, John Sproule, John J Reilly, David H Saunders
BACKGROUND: The global prevalence of childhood and adolescent obesity is high. Lifestyle changes towards a healthy diet, increased physical activity and reduced sedentary activities are recommended to prevent and treat obesity. Evidence suggests that changing these health behaviours can benefit cognitive function and school achievement in children and adolescents in general. There are various theoretical mechanisms that suggest that children and adolescents with excessive body fat may benefit particularly from these interventions...
March 2, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Robert Bush, Sandra Capra, Selina Box, David McCallum, Stephanie Khalil, Remo Ostini
In the context of stubbornly high childhood obesity rates, health promotion activities in schools provide a potential avenue to improve children's nutritional behaviours. Theatre production has a rich history as a health behaviour promotion strategy but lacks sound, outcome-based evaluation. This study evaluated the effect of an integrated, two-part, place-based theatre performance program with 212 students in five schools in a regional urban and semi-rural area. The program included a theatre performance and a healthy eating competition...
March 2, 2018: Children
Katharine L Loeb, Cynthia Radnitz, Kathleen L Keller, Marlene B Schwartz, Nancy Zucker, Sue Marcus, Richard N Pierson, Michael Shannon, Danielle DeLaurentis
BACKGROUND: In this study, we applied behavioral economics to optimize elementary school lunch choices via parent-driven decisions. Specifically, this experiment tested an optimal defaults paradigm, examining whether strategically manipulating the health value of a default menu could be co-opted to improve school-based lunch selections. METHODS: The design was a randomized comparison of optimal versus suboptimal (standard) default lunch menus for all first-graders in a school district for a period of 1 week...
April 2018: Journal of School Health
Sarah H Green, Giridhar Mallya, Colleen Brensinger, Ann Tierney, Karen Glanz
BACKGROUND: Schools can reduce student access to competitive foods and influence healthy food choices by improving the school nutrition environment. This study describes changes in competitive nutrition environments in 100 K-8 schools participating in the Philadelphia Campaign for Healthier Schools. METHODS: Interviews with school staff were used to elicit information about policies, practices, and guidelines to restrict/limit competitive foods in schools, before and 1 year into the campaign...
April 2018: Journal of School Health
Jason M Nagata, Sejal Hathi, B Jane Ferguson, Michele J Hindin, Sachiyo Yoshida, David A Ross
Background: In order to clarify priorities and stimulate research in adolescent health in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), the World Health Organization (WHO) conducted two priority-setting exercises based on the Child Health and Nutrition Research Initiative (CHNRI) methodology related to 1) adolescent sexual and reproductive health and 2) eight areas of adolescent health including communicable diseases prevention and management, injuries and violence, mental health, non-communicable diseases management, nutrition, physical activity, substance use, and health policy...
June 2018: Journal of Global Health
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