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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333766/dietary-inadequacies-in-hiv-infected-and-uninfected-school-aged-children-in-johannesburg-south-africa
#1
Stephanie Shiau, Acadia Webber, Renate Strehlau, Faeezah Patel, Ashraf Coovadia, Samantha Kozakowski, Susan Brodlie, Michael T Yin, Louise Kuhn, Stephen M Arpadi
OBJECTIVES: The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends that HIV-infected children increase energy intake and maintain a balanced macronutrient distribution for optimal growth and nutrition. Few studies have evaluated dietary intake of HIV-infected children in resource-limited settings. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of the dietary intake of 220 perinatally HIV-infected children and 220 HIV-uninfected controls ages 5-9 years in Johannesburg, South Africa...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333550/adherence-to-dietary-recommendations-supports-canadian-children-s-academic-achievement
#2
Erin L Faught, Genevieve Montemurro, Kate E Storey, Paul J Veugelers
PURPOSE: We aimed to determine if adherence to established Canadian, American, and WHO-developed nutrition recommendations supported children's academic achievement. METHODS: Data from a health survey of 1595 grade 5 students in Alberta, Canada, was used. Dietary intake was assessed using a validated food frequency questionnaire. Adherence to recommendations for food group servings, saturated fat intake, and free sugars intake was assessed. Survey data were linked to grade 6 standardized exam results...
March 23, 2017: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333398/dietary-cholesterol-interacts-with-srebf1-to-modulate-obesity-in-chinese-children
#3
Shixiu Zhang, Xinying Lin, Henry Lynn, Guifa Xu, Jun Li, Changfeng Zhao, Mingmei Li
SCOPE: Sterol Regulatory Element Binding Protein 1 Gene (SREBF1) is an important candidate gene for obesity that could be affected by cholesterol. Different SREBF1 gene variants may have distinct responses to cholesterol, leading to different risks for obesity and obesity-related metabolic traits. Thus, we performed a gene-by-diet correlation analysis to test whether SREBF1 gene variation modulate the relationship between cholesterol and obesity. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 642 school-aged children in Jinan, China, were selected by stratified cluster nested sampling...
March 23, 2017: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327839/-sociocultural-factors-determinants-of-eating-habits-of-kindergarten-schoolchildren-in-peru
#4
Rocío González-Jiménez, Fátima León-Larios, Mercedes Lomas-Campos, María-Jesús Albar
To examine the sociocultural factors that determine the eating habits of children aged less than 5 years who attend kindergarten school in Chachapoyas in Peru, we carried out a qualitative study by means of semi-structured interviews of 18 fathers and mothers. The key factors related to eating habits were as follows: availability and easiness to prepare foods, schedule and work done by parents, intake of coffee in children as a common practice, lack of resources and economic uncertainty for food planning, and the lack of nutritional knowledge...
October 2016: Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327831/-assessment-of-the-nutritional-status-physical-activity-and-eating-habits-of-schoolchildren-in-cercado-de-lima
#5
Juan Pablo Aparco, William Bautista-Olórtegui, Laura Astete-Robilliard, Jenny Pillaca
Objectives: To assess the nutritional status, physical activity, and eating habits of schoolchildren in Cercado de Lima (Lima district). Materials and methods: Cross-sectional descriptive study. The sample included schoolchildren from first to fourth grade in four public elementary schools located in Cercado de Lima. The study variables were nutritional status, hemoglobin dose, physical activity, and eating habits. The percentages of the qualitative variables and central tendency measures for quantitative ones were calculated...
October 2016: Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320789/-right-home-a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-sustained-nurse-home-visiting-from-pregnancy-to-child-age-2%C3%A2-years-versus-usual-care-to-improve-parent-care-parent-responsivity-and-the-home-learning-environment-at-2%C3%A2-years
#6
Sharon Goldfeld, Anna Price, Hannah Bryson, Tracey Bruce, Fiona Mensah, Francesca Orsini, Lisa Gold, Harriet Hiscock, Charlene Smith, Lara Bishop, Dianne Jackson, Lynn Kemp
INTRODUCTION: By the time children start school, inequities in learning, development and health outcomes are already evident. Sustained nurse home visiting (SNHV) offers a potential platform for families experiencing adversity, who often have limited access to services. While SNHV programmes have been growing in popularity in Australia and internationally, it is not known whether they can improve children's learning and development when offered via the Australian service system. The right@home trial aims to investigate the effectiveness of an SNHV programme, offered to women from pregnancy to child age 2 years, in improving parent care of and responsivity to the child, and the home learning environment...
March 20, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318306/physical-education-and-sport
#7
Paul D Loprinzi, Bradley J Cardinal, Marita K Cardinal, Charles B Corbin
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the associations between physical education (PE) and sports involvement with physical activity (PA), physical fitness, and beliefs about PA among a national sample of adolescents. SETTING: Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey National Youth Fitness Survey were used. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 459 adolescents aged 12 to 15 years. MEASURES: Adolescents self-reported engagement in the above parameters; muscular fitness objectively determined...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303707/assessment-of-nutritional-habits-and-preferences-among-secondary-school-students
#8
Paulina Duma-Kocan, Barbara Barud, Elżbieta Głodek, Marian Gil
Background: Appropriate nutrition is one of the most important factors affecting the proper development of man, nutritional status and maintaining good health. Adolescence is a period of development of skills of self-determination and self-realization, also in the case of nutrition. Children and school-age youth are the group most vulnerable to the effects of incorrect nutrition. The way of nutrition during this period determines psychophysical and emotional development, effectiveness in learning process and has influence on health in adulthood...
2017: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303700/evaluation-of-dairy-products-available-on-the-polish-market-in-the-context-of-nutrient-profiles-clear-arguments-for-reformulation-of-foodstuffs
#9
Regina Wierzejska, Magdalena Siuba-Strzelińska, Mirosław Jarosz
Background: Dairy products, which are one of the main groups of products in the diet, are expected to have high nutritional value. The development of food technology often involves changing the nutritional parameters of foodstuffs. Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the nutritional value of dairy products, in the context of nutrient profiles. Material and Methods: The tested products included yoghurts, yoghurt drinks, kefir, cream cheeses and milk desserts available on the Polish market, basing on the information from unit product packaging...
2017: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302082/growth-of-hiv-exposed-uninfected-compared-with-hiv-unexposed-zambian-children-a-longitudinal-analysis-from-infancy-to-school-age
#10
Anna Rosala-Hallas, Jonathan W Bartlett, Suzanne Filteau
BACKGROUND: Early growth of HIV-exposed, uninfected (HEU) children is poorer than that of their HIV-unexposed, uninfected (HUU) counterparts but there is little longitudinal or longer term information about the growth effects of early HIV exposure. METHODS: We performed a longitudinal analysis to compare growth of HEU and HUU infants and children using data from two cohort studies in Lusaka, Zambia. Initially 207 HUU and 200 HEU infants from the Breastfeeding and Postpartum Health (BFPH) study and 580 HUU and 165 HEU from the Chilenje Infant Growth, Nutrition and Infection Study (CIGNIS) had anthropometric measurements taken during infancy and again when school-aged, at which time 66 BFPH children and 326 CIGNIS children were available...
March 16, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299288/food-safety-and-sustainable-nutrition-workshops-educational-experiences-for-primary-school-children-in-turin-italy
#11
Amaranta Traversa, Daniela Adriano, Alberto Bellio, Daniela Manila Bianchi, Silvia Gallina, Clara Ippolito, Angelo Romano, Paola Durelli, Andrea Pezzana, Lucia Decastelli
European control and prevention policies are focused to guarantee a high level of protection of consumers' health. Food-borne diseases as obesity, diabetes, food allergy, and food-borne outbreaks are increasing. To prevent food-borne diseases, it is fundamental to involve consumers, in particular children, in educational experiences aimed to learn the proper behaviours to be applied. In this context, we designed and performed 5 educational workshops about food safety, hidden allergens in food and nutrition aimed to involve children attending primary and summer school...
January 24, 2017: Italian Journal of Food Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296364/-decreased-anthropometric-indicators-of-adiposity-in-school-children-as-an-indicator-of-the-nutritional-transition-in-mexico
#12
Laura Leticia Salazar-Preciado, Alfredo Larrosa-Haro, Clío Chávez-Palencia, Elizabeth Lizárraga-Corona
BACKGROUND: The aim of this paper was to estimate the adiposity trend in children from a public elementary school in Guadalajara, Mexico, between 2007 and 2011. METHODS: Comparative study of two samples taken transversely in 1432 schoolchildren aged 6-12 years. Z-score of BMI and anthropometric indicators of arm adiposity (triceps skinfold, fat area and arm fat index) were calculated. Reference standards of the 2007-WHO and Frisancho were used. Analysis: Chi-square and Student t test...
March 2017: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290360/children-and-adolescents-attitudes-towards-sugar-reduction-in-dairy-products
#13
Hye-Jong Yoo, Leandro Machín, Alejandra Arrúa, Lucía Antúnez, Leticia Vidal, Ana Giménez, María Rosa Curutchet, Gastón Ares
The development of strategies to reduce sugar intake of children and adolescents has been deemed necessary to cope with the global obesity epidemic. In this context, the aims of the present work were to study attitudes towards sugar reduction in three dairy products of children and adolescents of two income levels and to assess if these attitudes were modulated by the inclusion of the traffic light system on labels. A total of 646 children and adolescents from three primary/secondary schools in Montevideo (Uruguay) participated in the study...
April 2017: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287630/overweight-and-obesity-in-mexican-children-and-adolescents-during-the-last-25-years
#14
S Hernández-Cordero, L Cuevas-Nasu, M C Morán-Ruán, I Méndez-Gómez Humarán, M A Ávila-Arcos, J A Rivera-Dommarco
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to provide current estimates of the prevalence and trends of overweight and obesity (OW+OB) in Mexican children and adolescents. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Body mass index objectively measured was analyzed for 37 147 children and adolescents aged 0-19 years obtained in 2012 as part of the National Health and Nutrition Survey (ENSANUT-2012), a nationally representative sample of the Mexican population. In addition, data from previous National Nutrition Surveys obtained in 1988, 1999 and 2006 were compared with analyze trends over a 24-year period (1988-2012) for children <5 years of age and adolescents and over a 13-year period (1999-2012) for school-age children...
March 13, 2017: Nutrition & Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286164/changing-children-s-eating-behaviour-a-review-of-experimental-research
#15
REVIEW
Patricia DeCosta, Per Møller, Michael Bom Frøst, Annemarie Olsen
The interest in children's eating behaviours and how to change them has been growing in recent years. This review examines the following questions: What strategies have been used to change children's eating behaviours? Have their effects been experimentally demonstrated? And, are the effects transient or enduring? Medline and Cab abstract (Ovid) and Web of Science (Thomson Reuters) were used to identify the experimental studies. A total of 120 experimental studies were identified and they are presented grouped within these 11 topics; parental control, reward, social facilitation, cooking programs, school gardens, sensory education, availability and accessibility, choice architecture and nudging, branding and food packaging, preparation and serving style, and offering a choice...
March 9, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285468/progress-in-nurturing-human-well-being
#16
EDITORIAL
Anthony Biglan, Ronald Prinz
Substantial evidence in the behavioral and social sciences has accrued in support of numerous intervention programs and policies bearing on improving the lives of children and families. To this end, Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review features a special journal issue on "Evolving Toward a More Nurturing Society." The field has achieved numerous advances regarding how to create and promote nurturing environments that foster successful development and prevent psychological and behavioral problems in children and youth...
March 2017: Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278357/factors-associated-with-the-health-and-cognition-of-6-8-year-old-children-in-kwazulu-natal-south-africa
#17
Oluwakemi R Ajayi, Glenda Matthews, Myra Taylor, Jane Kvalsvig, Leslie L Davidson, Shuaib Kauchali, Claude A Mellins
OBJECTIVE: To investigate 6-8 year-old children's health, nutritional status and cognitive development in a predominantly rural area of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. METHODS: Cohort study of 1383 children investigating the association of demographic variables (area of residence, sex, pre- school education, HIV status, height for age and haemoglobin level) and family variables (socioeconomic status, maternal and paternal level of education), with children's cognitive performance...
March 9, 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275609/the-domains-of-human-nutrition-the-importance-of-nutrition-education-in-academia-and-medical-schools
#18
Lorenzo M Donini, Francesco Leonardi, Mariangela Rondanelli, Giuseppe Banderali, Maurizio Battino, Enrico Bertoli, Alessandra Bordoni, Furio Brighenti, Riccardo Caccialanza, Giulia Cairella, Antonio Caretto, Hellas Cena, Manuela Gambarara, Maria Gabriella Gentile, Marcello Giovannini, Lucio Lucchin, Pietro Migliaccio, Francesco Nicastro, Fabrizio Pasanisi, Luca Piretta, Danilo Radrizzani, Carla Roggi, Giuseppe Rotilio, Luca Scalfi, Roberto Vettor, Federico Vignati, Nino C Battistini, Maurizio Muscaritoli
Human nutrition encompasses an extremely broad range of medical, social, commercial, and ethical domains and thus represents a wide, interdisciplinary scientific and cultural discipline. The high prevalence of both disease-related malnutrition and overweight/obesity represents an important risk factor for disease burden and mortality worldwide. It is the opinion of Federation of the Italian Nutrition Societies (FeSIN) that these two sides of the same coin, with their sociocultural background, are related to a low "nutritional culture" secondary, at least in part, to an insufficient academic training for health-care professionals (HCPs)...
2017: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274789/teacher-perceptions-of-multilevel-policies-and-the-influence-on-nutrition-education-in-north-carolina-head-start-preschools
#19
Amanda D Peterson, L Suzanne Goodell, Archana Hegde, Virginia C Stage
OBJECTIVE: To develop a theory that explains the process of how teachers' perception of multilevel policies may influence nutrition education (NE) teaching strategies in Head Start preschools. DESIGN: Semistructured telephone interviews. SETTING: North Carolina Head Start preschools. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty-two Head Start teachers. PHENOMENON OF INTEREST: All interviews were transcribed verbatim. Following a grounded theory approach, authors coded interview data for emergent themes...
March 5, 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274694/-cafeterias-service-and-health-promotion-in-the-school-context
#20
Francisca M García-Padilla, Angustias González-Rodríguez
OBJECTIVE: To assess the Secondary Schools (IES) cafeterias of Andalusia as services to promote healthy eating among students as well as to check the adequacy of the food supply to the Law on Food Security and Spanish Nutrition, and the knowledge of this law by the school managers. DESIGN: Observational descriptive transversal study. LOCATION: IES of Andalusia's eight provinces. PARTICIPANTS: Cafeteria services. Stratified random sample with proportional allocation by province and size of habitat of 95 Andalusian IES with+10% error and confidence level (NC) 95...
March 5, 2017: Atencion Primaria
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