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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773201/school-meals-centesimal-and-mineral-composition-and-their-nutritional-value-for-brazilian-children
#1
Fabiana C O França, Iziane S Andrade, Mariangela V Lopes Silva, Maurício S Lordêlo, Renata G Costa, José A Menezes-Filho
The assessment of meals served under the Brazilian National School Meal Program (PNAE) is an important tool to verify its adequacy to the proposed parameters and the nutritional needs of school-aged children. The aim of this study was to evaluate the centesimal and mineral composition of the meals offered by the program and adequacy to the nutritional recommendations in three municipalities of the state of Bahia, Brazil. Centesimal composition of meals was determined according to the reference guidelines and mineral composition was analyzed by atomic absorption spectrometry...
July 2018: Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769045/food-availability-and-food-access-in-rural-agricultural-communities-use-of-mixed-methods
#2
Linda K Ko, Cassandra Enzler, Cynthia K Perry, Edgar Rodriguez, Norma Mariscal, Sandra Linde, Catherine Duggan
BACKGROUND: Hispanics bear some of the highest burden of the obesity epidemic and the disparities gap is bigger among Hispanics in rural communities. This mixed methods study examined the objective and subjective assessment of food availability and food access in four rural, agricultural, and predominantly Hispanic communities. METHODS: In this convergent parallel mixed methods study, we used the Nutrition Environment Measures Survey (NEMS) of Food Stores and Restaurants to objectively assess 57 food stores and 69 restaurants in four rural agricultural communities in Washington State...
May 16, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768609/-evaluation-of-the-national-school-food-program-review-of-the-literature
#3
Dixis Figueroa Pedraza, Nadinne Lívia Silva de Melo, Franciely Albuquerque Silva, Erika Morganna Neves Araujo
The National School Food Program (PNAE) constitutes an important strategy for the promotion of healthy eating. The objective was to perform a brief analysis of evaluative research on the PNAE. It involved a search of the literature from 2010 to 2015 in the Bireme and Scielo databases. Twelve articles were selected linked to the area, eight of which analyzed the insertion of the nutritionist in the PNAE; seven, to buy food from family farms; five, the implementation of School Food Councils; five, the compilation of menus; and four, funding destined for the PNAE...
May 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767745/preconception-maternal-iodine-status-is-positively-associated-with-iq-but-not-with-measures-of-executive-function-in-childhood
#4
Sian M Robinson, Sarah R Crozier, Elizabeth A Miles, Catharine R Gale, Philip C Calder, Cyrus Cooper, Hazel M Inskip, Keith M Godfrey
Background: Adverse effects of severe maternal iodine deficiency in pregnancy on fetal brain development are well-established, but the effects of milder deficiency are uncertain. Most studies examine iodine status in pregnancy; less is known about iodine nutrition before conception. Objective: We examined relations between maternal preconception iodine status and offspring cognitive function, within a prospective mother-offspring cohort. Methods: Maternal iodine status was assessed through the use of the ratio of iodine:creatinine concentrations (I/Cr) in spot urine samples [median (IQR) period before conception 3...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767219/alabama-children-s-body-mass-index-nutritional-attitudes-and-food-consumption-an-exploratory-analysis
#5
Vaughn Millner, Ryon C McDermott, Bernard H Eichold
OBJECTIVES: This study had three aims: assess the extent to which middle school children in southern Alabama were classified as overweight or obese; determine the magnitude of the relation between children's attitudes toward healthy eating and their actual dietary choices; and examine the role of race, sex, and ZIP codes on children's eating attitudes and behaviors. METHODS: Registered dietitians took height and weight measurements of middle school children in southern Alabama to establish body mass index (BMI)...
May 2018: Southern Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766698/eating-behaviours-of-primary-school-pupils-from-%C3%A5-l%C3%A4-skie-malopolskie-and-opolskie-voivodeships-in-poland
#6
Anna Dolipska, Mo Majerczyk, Aleksandra Góra, Karolina Janion, Elżbieta Szczepańska
Background: Nutrition is one of the major environmental factors affecting children’s physical development and health, with nutrition mistakes made in early years of life having short- and long-term health consequences. Objective: This study has been aimed at evaluating eating behaviours of primary school pupils and determining whether there are relationships between pupils’ eating habits and their area of residence. Material and methods: The study was conducted in primary schools located in the following voivodeships (administrative units) in Poland: Śląskie, Opolskie and Małopolskie, on a total sample of 1138 pupils...
2018: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766693/food-aversions-and-dietary-preferences-in-pre-school-children-from-olsztyn
#7
Joanna Ciborska, Jan Kłobukowski, Iwona Pierzchała
Background: The nutrition of pre-school children often does not follow the recommendations, and qualitatively and quantitatively limited selection of products in the diet shapes an attitude of aversion towards new products and dishes. The risk of deficiencies in many important nutrients emerges, particularly in vitamins and mineral components, which can affect the psychophysical development of the child and have an impact on nutritional status and health disorders in adulthood. Objective: Study of dietary preferences in pre-school children and identify possible food aversions...
2018: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758507/recovery-practices-in-division-1-collegiate-athletes-in-north-america
#8
Andrew Murray, Hugh Fullagar, Anthony P Turner, John Sproule
OBJECTIVES: Establish current practice and attitudes towards recovery in a group of Division-1 Collegiate athletes from North America. DESIGN: A 16-item questionnaire was administered via custom software in an electronic format. PARTICIPANTS: 152 student athletes from a Division-1 Collegiate school across 3 sports (Basketball, American Football, Soccer). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The approaches and attitudes to recovery in both training and competition...
May 8, 2018: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756702/non-nutritive-sweeteners-children-and-adolescent-consumption-and-food-sources
#9
María B Garavaglia, Vanesa Rodríguez García, María E Zapata, Alicia Rovirosa, Verónica González, Florencia Flax Marcó, Esteban Carmuega
The availability of food and beverages with non-nutritive sweeteners (NNSs) has increased in recent years. OBJECTIVES: To estimate NNSs consumption among children and adolescents in the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires, the prevalence of a daily intake higher than acceptable, and the main food and beverages contributing to it. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Descriptive study about the information collected in the First Food and Nutritional/Nutrition Survey of Buenos Aires City, which was conducted in 2011 and included 2664 children and adolescents aged 2-18 years...
June 1, 2018: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756491/innovative-healthy-lifestyles-school-based-public-private-partnerships-designed-to-curb-the-childhood-obesity-epidemic-globally-lessons-learned-from-the-mondel%C3%A4-z-international-foundation
#10
Rafael Pérez-Escamilla
Public-private partnerships (PPPs) have been recognized as central for addressing the childhood obesity epidemic. However, very few real-world examples have been published documenting the workings of effective PPPs. The objective of this article is to identify the factors that enabled the successful implementation of school-based PPPs focusing mainly on nutrition and physical activity in 7 countries located in Asia (China and India), Africa (South Africa), Europe (Germany, United Kingdom), and Latin America (Brazil and Mexico)...
January 1, 2018: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755057/processes-and-outcomes-of-a-community-based-participatory-research-driven-health-needs-assessment-a-tool-for-moving-health-disparity-reporting-to-evidence-based-action
#11
Tabia Henry Akintobi, Elise Lockamy, Lisa Goodin, Natalie D Hernandez, Tanesha Slocumb, Daniel Blumenthal, Ronald Braithwaite, Larry Leeks, Micah Rowland, Thomas Cotton, LaShawn Hoffman
BACKGROUND: The community-based participatory research (CBPR)-driven health needs assessment was a tool used to inform community-led, -implemented, and -sustained research and prevention strategies. METHODS: The Morehouse School of Medicine Prevention Research Center (MSM PRC) research and prevention initiatives are implemented in direct response to priorities identified through this process and tool. Led by a community-majority coalition board, the assessment coupled state and city secondary data with primary survey data collected by and from community residents...
2018: Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752802/factors-related-to-fruit-and-vegetable-consumption-at-lunch-among-elementary-students-a-scoping-review
#12
Matthew M Graziose, Ian Yi Han Ang
INTRODUCTION: Few children consume the recommended amount of fruits and vegetables, and schools are a valuable setting for interventions, including programs such as the National School Lunch Program, to increase consumption. Previous research explored factors in this program that influence fruit and vegetable consumption. The objective of this scoping review was to identify, describe, and categorize studies that quantitatively measured the consumption of fruits and vegetables during the school lunch meal among US elementary school students...
May 10, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751854/position-of-the-academy-of-nutrition-and-dietetics-society-for-nutrition-education-and-behavior-and-school-nutrition-association-comprehensive-nutrition-programs-and-services-in-schools
#13
Dayle Hayes, Isobel R Contento, Carol Weekly
It is the position of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, School Nutrition Association, and Society for Nutrition Education and Behavior that comprehensive, integrated nutrition programs in preschool through high school are essential to improve the health, nutritional status, and academic performance of our nation's children. Through the continued use of multidisciplinary teams, local school needs will be better identified and addressed within updated wellness policies. Updated nutrition standards are providing students with a wider variety of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains, while limiting sodium, calories, and saturated fat...
May 2018: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749002/school-level-practices-and-perceptions-associated-with-salad-bars-in-schools
#14
Meg Bruening, Marc A Adams, Punam Ohri-Vachaspati, Jane Hurley
BACKGROUND: Salad bars are placed in schools to promote fruit and vegetable consumption among students. This study assessed differences in school nutrition practices and perceptions in schools with and without salad bars. METHODS: Cross-sectional surveys were completed by school nutrition managers (N = 648) in Arizona schools participating in the National School Lunch Program during 2013-2014. Mixed general estimating equation binomial regressions assessed factors related to having a salad bar after mutually adjusting for clustering within districts, school level, free/reduced rate, and respondents' time in current position...
June 2018: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748999/the-link-between-nutrition-and-physical-activity-in-increasing-academic-achievement
#15
Fiona M Asigbee, Stephen D Whitney, Catherine E Peterson
BACKGROUND: Research demonstrates a link between decreased cognitive function in overweight school-aged children and improved cognitive function among students with high fitness levels and children engaging in regular physical activity (PA). The purpose of this study was to examine whether regular PA and proper nutrition together had a significant effect on academic achievement. METHODS: Using the seventh wave of the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class 1998-99 (ECLS-K) dataset, linear regression analysis with a Jackknife resampling correction was conducted to analyze the relationship among nutrition, PA, and academic achievement, while controlling for socioeconomic status, age, and sex...
June 2018: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747717/food-environment-social-deprivation-and-obesity-among-students-from-brazilian-public-schools
#16
Maíra Macário de Assis, Maria Alvim Leite, Ariene Silva do Carmo, Amanda Cristina de Souza Andrade, Milene Cristine Pessoa, Michele Pereira Netto, Ana Paula Carlos Cândido, Larissa Loures Mendes
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between social deprivation and the food environment. Furthermore, to evaluate if the food environment is associated with the prevalence of obesity among students in Brazilian public schools. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. For the classification of obesity, weight and height were measured, and the cut-off point of BMI-for-age Z-score >+2 was adopted. Social deprivation level was determined from the Health Vulnerability Index (HVI)...
May 11, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746749/-evolution-of-social-food-assistance-programs-in-mexico-through-ensanut-mc-2016-data
#17
M Del Carmen Morales-Ruán, Teresa Shamah-Levy, Verónica Mundo-Rosas, Lucía Cuevas-Nasu, Ana Lilia Lozada-Tequeanes, Martín Romero-Martínez
OBJECTIVE: To describe the coverage and targeting of Social Food Assistance Programs (SFAP) in Mexico. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data were obtained from 9 137 households of the Halfway National Health and Nutrition Survey 2016 (Ensanut MC 2016) who receive SFAP. The distribution of the SFAP by place of residence, index of socioeconomic status and SFAP relevance were analyzed. RESULTS: 44% of households receive some SFAP, with a higher concentration in indigenous households (70%), a very low socioeconomic level (70%), and moderate and severe food insecurity...
May 2018: Salud Pública de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746744/-food-groups-consumption-and-sociodemographic-characteristics-in-mexican-population
#18
Elsa B Gaona-Pineda, Brenda Martínez-Tapia, Andrea Arango-Angarita, Danae Valenzuela-Bravo, Luz M Gómez-Acosta, Teresa Shamah-Levy, Sonia Rodríguez-Ramírez
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the recommendable and non-recommendable food groups for usual consumption by sociodemographic characteristics in Mexican population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Through a 7-day, semi-quan¬titative food frequency questionnaire used in 2016 National Health and Nutrition Survey, we estimated the proportions of population (preschool and school children, adolescents and adults) who consumed food groups that are relevant for public health by area, region and socioeconomic status (SES)...
May 2018: Salud Pública de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745755/observation-of-high-school-students-food-handling-behaviors-do-they-improve-following-a-food-safety-education-intervention
#19
Kenneth J Diplock, Joel A Dubin, Scott T Leatherdale, David Hammond, Andria Jones-Bitton, Shannon E Majowicz
Youth are a key audience for food safety education. They often engage in risky food handling behaviors, prepare food for others, and have limited experience and knowledge of safe food handling practices. Our goal was to investigate the effectiveness of an existing food handler training program for improving safe food handling behaviors among high school students in Ontario, Canada. However, because no schools agreed to provide control groups, we evaluated whether behaviors changed following delivery of the intervention program and whether changes were sustained over the school term...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742063/intake-of-fruit-vegetables-and-milk-products-and-correlates-among-school-boys-in-saudi-arabia
#20
Ali Saad R Alsubaie
Background Healthy dietary behaviors have a significant impact on children's health and development. Diets high in fruit and vegetables demonstrate a strong and consistent pattern for decreasing the risk of and providing benefits against cardiovascular disease, diabetes, obesity and many cancers. Yet, little is known about the pattern of fruit, vegetables and dairy products consumption among children in Saudi Arabia. Objectives The aim of this study was to investigate the consumption of fruit, vegetables and milk products and their dietary correlates among school boys in Saudi Arabia...
May 9, 2018: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
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