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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457511/a-probabilistic-intake-model-to-estimate-the-impact-of-reformulation-by-the-food-industry-among-irish-consumers
#1
S Pigat, A Connolly, M Cushen, M Cullen, C O'Mahony
This project quantified the impact that voluntary reformulation efforts of the food industry had on the Irish population's nutrient intake. Nutrient composition data on reformulated products were collected from 14 major food companies for two years, 2005 and 2012. Probabilistic intake assessments were performed using the Irish national food consumption surveys as dietary intake data. The nutrient data were weighted by market shares replacing existing food composition data for these products. The reformulation efforts assessed, significantly reduced mean energy intakes by up to 12 kcal/d (adults), 15 kcal/d (teens), 19 kcal/d (children) and 9 kcal/d (pre-schoolers)...
February 19, 2018: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455705/barriers-to-fruit-and-vegetable-consumption-among-farmers-market-incentive-programme-users-in-illinois-usa
#2
Chelsea R Singleton, Sydney Fouché, Rucha Deshpande, Angela Odoms-Young, Corey Chatman, Connie Spreen
OBJECTIVE: Previous research indicates that low-income individuals often struggle to consume the recommended amount of fruits and vegetables (F&V). LINK Up Illinois is a farmers' market incentive programme that aims to increase F&V consumption among Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) recipients by improving access to and affordability of locally grown foods. The present research aimed to identify barriers to F&V consumption that exist among users of the LINK Up Illinois programme...
February 19, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455357/phytochemical-constituents-antioxidant-activity-and-antiproliferative-properties-of-black-red-and-brown-rice-bran
#3
Ali Ghasemzadeh, Mohamad Taghi Karbalaii, Hawa Z E Jaafar, Asmah Rahmat
BACKGROUND: In the recent years, the health benefits of the pigmented rice varieties have reported due to the presence of bioactive compounds. In this study, the phytochemical constituents (total phenolic, flavonoid and anthocyanin content) and individual phenolics and flavonoids of the extracts of sixteen genotypes of pigmented rice bran were evaluated using spectrophotometric and ultra-high performance liquid chromatography method. Antioxidative properties of the free and bound fractions were evaluated using nitric oxide and 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl scavenging assays...
February 17, 2018: Chemistry Central Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453863/aeromonas-hydrophila-from-marketed-mullet-mugil-cephalus-in-egypt-pcr-characterization-of-%C3%AE-lactam-resistance-and-virulence-genes
#4
Hazem Ramadan, Nermin Ibrahim, Mohamed Samir, Amany Abd El-Moaty, Tamer Gad
AIMS: Aeromonas hydrophila (A. hydrophila) has been isolated from various fish species in Egypt and is known to carry virulence and antimicrobial resistance genes, which pose risk for public health. The aim of the present study is to report, for the first time, the infection of mullet (Mugil cephalus) with A. hydrophila and to clarify the potential association between antimicrobial resistance and virulence traits encoded in A. hydrophila. METHODS AND RESULTS: In this study, the occurrence of A...
February 17, 2018: Journal of Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452589/does-additional-support-provided-through-e-mail-or-sms-in-a-web-based-social-marketing-program-improve-children-s-food-consumption-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Natalie Rangelov, Sara Della Bella, Pedro Marques-Vidal, L Suzanne Suggs
BACKGROUND: The FAN Social Marketing program was developed to improve dietary and physical activity habits of families with children in Ticino, Switzerland. The aim of this study was to examine if the effects of the program on children's food intake differed by intervention group. METHODS: Effects of the FAN program were tested through a Randomized Controlled Trial. The program lasted 8 weeks, during which participants received tailored communication about nutrition and physical activity...
February 16, 2018: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452190/toxicity-assessment-of-mycotoxins-extracted-from-contaminated-commercial-dog-pelleted-feed-on-canine-blood-mononuclear-cells
#6
Sanil D Singh, Naeem Sheik-Abdul, Alisa Phulukdaree, Charlette Tiloke, Savani Nagiah, Sooraj Baijnath, Anil A Chuturgoon
Raw ingredients of pet food are often contaminated with mycotoxins. This is a serious health problem to pets and causes emotional and economical stress to the pet owners. The aim of this study was to determine the immunotoxicity of the most common mycotoxins (aflatoxin, fumonisin, ochratoxin A and zearalenone) by examining 20 samples of extruded dry dog food found on the South African market [10 samples from standard grocery store lines (SB), 10 from premium veterinarian lines (PB)]. Pelleted dog food was subjected to extraction protocols optimized for the above mentioned mycotoxins...
February 13, 2018: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449885/deep-eutectic-solvents-pretreatment-of-agro-industrial-food-waste
#7
Alessandra Procentese, Francesca Raganati, Giuseppe Olivieri, Maria Elena Russo, Lars Rehmann, Antonio Marzocchella
Background: Waste biomass from agro-food industries are a reliable and readily exploitable resource. From the circular economy point of view, direct residues from these industries exploited for production of fuel/chemicals is a winning issue, because it reduces the environmental/cost impact and improves the eco-sustainability of productions. Results: The present paper reports recent results of deep eutectic solvent (DES) pretreatment on a selected group of the agro-industrial food wastes (AFWs) produced in Europe...
2018: Biotechnology for Biofuels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448899/dietary-exposure-of-the-belgian-population-to-emulsifiers-e481-sodium-stearoyl-2-lactylate-and-e482-calcium-stearoyl-2-lactylate
#8
Sarah Bel, Thomas Struyf, Tine Fierens, Griet Jacobs, Christine Vinkx, Mia Bellemans, Stefan Voorspoels, Karin De Ridder
A dietary exposure assessment of food emulsifiers E481 (sodium stearoyl-2-lactylate) and E482 (calcium stearoyl-2-lactylate) in the Belgian population was performed. Nationally representative food consumption data from the Belgian National Food Consumption Surveys 2004 (BNFCS2004) and 2014 (BNFCS2014) were used for calculations. A conservative approach (combining individual food consumption data with the maximum permitted level (MPL) of foods (tier 2), was compared with more refined estimates (combining individual food consumption data with actual concentrations measured in food products available on the Belgian market (tier 3))...
February 15, 2018: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446686/survey-of-foodborne-pathogens-aerobic-plate-counts-total-coliform-counts-and-escherichia-coli-counts-in-leafy-greens-sprouts-and-melons-marketed-in-the-united-states
#9
Guodong Zhang, Yi Chen, Lijun Hu, David Melka, Hua Wang, Anna Laasri, Eric W Brown, Errol Strain, Marc Allard, Vincent K Bunning, Mickey Parish, Steven M Musser, Thomas S Hammack
The objective of this research was to assess the microbiological status of leafy greens, sprouts, and melons from U.S. markets. A total of 14,183 samples of leafy greens, 2,652 samples of sprouts, and 3,411 samples of melons were collected throughout the United States from 2009 to 2014. The samples were analyzed for aerobic plate counts, total coliform counts, Escherichia coli counts, and the presence and levels of Salmonella, Shigella, Listeria monocytogenes, and Shiga toxin-producing E. coli (STEC), depending on the year and type of produce...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444739/ultra-processed-food-product-brands-on-facebook-pages-highly-accessed-by-brazilians-through-their-marketing-techniques
#10
Paula M Horta, Fernanda T Rodrigues, Luana C Dos Santos
OBJECTIVE: To analyse the content and extent of marketing of ultra-processed food products (UPP) and their brand pages on Facebook, which are highly accessed by Brazilians. DESIGN: Descriptive. SETTING: Sixteen UPP brand pages on Facebook were selected from 250 pages that were the most liked by Brazilians in October 2015. SUBJECTS: We analysed the frequency of 'likes' and members 'talking about' each one of the pages, in addition to fifteen marketing techniques used in the previous year (September 2014 to October 2015)...
February 15, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443904/comparison-of-conventional-and-microwave-assisted-heating-on-carbohydrate-content-antioxidant-capacity-and-postprandial-glycemic-response-in-oat-meals
#11
Joanna Harasym, Remigiusz Olędzki
Minimally processed cereal breakfast products from whole grain entered the market due to consumer demand of more nutritional food with more controlled sugar release. However, the subsequent processing of such products with different cooking methods in the consumer's kitchen may lead to significant differentiation of their nutritional value. Therefore, the evaluation of the impact of frequently used cooking methods on a final quality of breakfast cereals meal is needed. The present study investigates how the two different methods of heating, conventional and microwave (MW) assisted, affect the carbohydrate content, profile and resulting glycemic index of so prepared food as well as the antioxidant activity of meals...
February 14, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443598/evaluation-of-natural-product-compositions-for-appetite-suppression
#12
Mesfin Yimam, Ping Jiao, Mei Hong, Lidia Brownell, Young-Chul Lee, Eu-Jin Hyun, Hyun-Jin Kim, Tae-Woo Kim, Jeong-Bum Nam, Mi-Ran Kim, Qi Jia
A change in homeostasis between food intake and energy expenditure is the hallmark of obesity. Many plant-based weight-management products are available in dietary supplement markets with no direct efficacy comparison. In this in vivo acute feed intake study in rats, the appetite suppression efficacy of well-known natural ingredients in the weight-loss market were evaluated. We tested pure caffeine, potato skin extract, Cissus quadrangularis extract, Garcinia cambogia extract, Crocus sativus extract, raspberry ketone isolated from Rubus idaeus, one commercial product (Appetrex), and one novel composition (UP601)...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442017/determination-of-coumarin-in-seasonal-bakery-products-using-quechers-and-gc-ms
#13
F Vetter, C Müller, M Stöckelhuber, F Bracher
Cinnamon is a traditional herbal drug, but more importantly, it is used as a flavor compound in the production of foodstuff. Due to the content of significant concentrations of coumarin in Cassia cinnamon, effective control of the coumarin content in seasonal bakery products like ginger bread and cinnamon biscuits is urgently needed. Here we present a novel, fast and fully validated protocol for the determination of coumarin in marketed bakery products using the QuEChERS sample preparation technique in combination with GC-MS analysis...
June 1, 2017: Die Pharmazie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441329/social-marketing-for-a-farmer-s-market-in-an-underserved-community-a-needs-assessment
#14
Meg Skizim, Melinda Sothern, Ondrej Blaha, Tung Sung Tseng, Lauren Griffiths, Jonathan Joseph, Henry Nuss
The aim of the present paper is to assess local residents' awareness of utilizing Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) benefits to purchase fresh produce at local farmers' markets, and to determine internet use and media preferences of study participants prior to implementation of a social marketing campaign. A needs assessment was conducted to collect baseline data in an underserved neighbourhood in New Orleans (La, USA). The study was carried out August 2014-May 2015. The assessment revealed that 73% of the respondents were unaware that the SNAP benefits could be used to purchase food in farmers' markets; 63% of low-income participants never attended a farmers' market compared to 27% of mid/high-income...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Public Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441030/multisensory-technology-for-flavor-augmentation-a-mini-review
#15
REVIEW
Carlos Velasco, Marianna Obrist, Olivia Petit, Charles Spence
There is growing interest in the development of new technologies that capitalize on our emerging understanding of the multisensory influences on flavor perception in order to enhance human-food interaction design. This review focuses on the role of (extrinsic) visual, auditory, and haptic/tactile elements in modulating flavor perception and more generally, our food and drink experiences. We review some of the most exciting examples of recent multisensory technologies for augmenting such experiences. Here, we discuss applications for these technologies, for example, in the field of food experience design, in the support of healthy eating, and in the rapidly growing world of sensory marketing...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439464/a-descriptive-longitudinal-study-of-changes-in-vape-shop-characteristics-and-store-policies-in-anticipation-of-the-2016-fda-regulations-of-tobacco-products-including-e-cigarettes
#16
Sheila Yu, Patricia Escobedo, Robert Garcia, Tess Boley Cruz, Jennifer B Unger, Lourdes Baezconde-Garbanati, Leah Meza, Steve Sussman
After proposing the "Deeming Rule" in 2014, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) began regulating the manufacturing, marketing, and sales of electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) products as tobacco products in 2016. The current study conducted vape shop store observations and surveyed Los Angeles-area shop employees (assessing their beliefs, awareness, and perceptions of e-cigarettes and related FDA regulations) at two time points one year apart to better understand what vape shop retailers would do given FDA's soon-to-be-enacted Deeming Rule...
February 11, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437232/fermented-nut-based-vegan-food-characterization-of-a-home-made-product-and-scale-up-to-an-industrial-pilot-scale-production
#17
Giulia Tabanelli, Federica Pasini, Ylenia Riciputi, Lucia Vannini, Giorgia Gozzi, Federica Balestra, Maria Fiorenza Caboni, Fausto Gardini, Chiara Montanari
Because of the impossibility to consume food of animal origin, vegan consumers are looking for substitutes that could enrich their diet. Among many substitutes, fermented nut products are made from different nut types and obtained after soaking, grinding, and fermentation. Although other fermented vegetable products have been deeply investigated, there are few data about the fermentative processes of nut-based products and the microbial consortia able to colonize these products are not yet studied. This study characterized a hand-made vegan product obtained from cashew nut...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433786/incorporating-orange-fleshed-sweet-potato-into-the-food-system-as-a-strategy-for-improved-nutrition-the-context-of-south-africa
#18
Sunette M Laurie, Mieke Faber, Nicole Claasen
Orange-fleshed sweet potato (OFSP) is considered the single most successful example of biofortification of a staple crop, and presents a feasible option to address vitamin A deficiency. Though initially promoted as part of a crop-based approach focusing on production and consumption at household level, it evolved into small-scale commercial production, predominantly in Sub-Saharan Africa. This paper reviews OFSP initiatives in relation to the South African food environment and food supply systems, also identifying opportunities for scaling out OFSP in a situation where sweet potato is not eaten as a staple...
February 2018: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433781/emerging-trends-in-european-food-diets-and-food-industry
#19
F G Santeramo, D Carlucci, B De Devitiis, A Seccia, A Stasi, R Viscecchia, G Nardone
Understanding how an adequate food security may be determined, how nutritional intakes evolve over time and are influenced by global dynamics are few of the questions scholars are trying to answer. In addition, a great interest is devoted to the changes in consumers' preferences and expectations as well as to the analysis of food innovations and their impact on the global market. We review the recent and emerging trends in food supply chains of selected sectors (fruits and vegetables, meat, and seafood), and deepen on emerging trends in the food industry...
February 2018: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433679/metabolic-changes-after-licorice-consumption-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis-and-trial-sequential-analysis-of-clinical-trials
#20
REVIEW
Ângelo Luís, Fernanda Domingues, Luísa Pereira
BACKGROUND: Licorice, also known as liquorice, refers to the root of Glycyrrhiza glabra L., a product widely available in the market in the form of licorice flavonoid oil (LFO), which is a concentrate of licorice flavonoids, being a dietary ingredient for functional foods with potential benefits for overweight subjects. PURPOSE: To summarize the results of the numerous clinical trials, and to clarify the metabolic changes after licorice consumption, through a systematic review with meta-analysis and Trial Sequential Analysis (TSA) of clinical trials...
January 15, 2018: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
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