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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334847/utilization-and-environmental-availability-of-food-outlets-and-overweight-obesity-among-schoolchildren-in-a-city-in-the-south-of-brazil
#1
Elizabeth Nappi Corrêa, Camila Elizandra Rossi, Janaina das Neves, Diego Augusto Santos Silva, Francisco de Assis Guedes de Vasconcelos
Among the causes of obesity, environmental factors have also been studied, in addition to genetic, social, psychological, and hormonal factors. The distribution of food outlets, facilitating or hindering food acquisition, can promote body weight control by encouraging healthier food habits. The objective of this study was to investigate associations between environmental availability and utilization of food outlets and overweight/obesity in 7 to 14-year-old schoolchildren in Florianópolis, in the South of Brazil...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333311/citrobacter-braakii-carrying-plasmid-borne-mcr-1-colistin-resistance-gene-from-ready-to-eat-food-from-a-market-in-the-chaco-region-of-bolivia
#2
Samanta Sennati, Vincenzo Di Pilato, Eleonora Riccobono, Tiziana Di Maggio, Ana Liz Villagran, Lucia Pallecchi, Alessandro Bartoloni, Gian Maria Rossolini, Tommaso Giani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 15, 2017: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332127/a-review-of-zoonotic-infection-risks-associated-with-the-wild-meat-trade-in-malaysia
#3
REVIEW
Jennifer Caroline Cantlay, Daniel J Ingram, Anna L Meredith
The overhunting of wildlife for food and commercial gain presents a major threat to biodiversity in tropical forests and poses health risks to humans from contact with wild animals. Using a recent survey of wildlife offered at wild meat markets in Malaysia as a basis, we review the literature to determine the potential zoonotic infection risks from hunting, butchering and consuming the species offered. We also determine which taxa potentially host the highest number of pathogens and discuss the significant disease risks from traded wildlife, considering how cultural practices influence zoonotic transmission...
March 22, 2017: EcoHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331624/comparison-of-hydroxyethyl-starch-regulatory-summaries-from-the-food-and-drug-administration-and-the-european-medicines-agency
#4
Christian J Wiedermann, Klaus Eisendle
This article aims to highlight the positions of the Food and Drug Administration and the European Medicines Agency regarding use and marketing of hydroxyethyl starch (HES) products, and how these have changed over recent years. In 2013, warnings from both agencies advised against use of HES in critically ill patients, including patients with sepsis, when several large randomized controlled trials on volume resuscitation in critical illness failed to observe clinically beneficial effects of HES. In areas such as patient monitoring and requirements for further clinical trials, the FDA and EMA are very much in agreement in their recommendations...
2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical Policy and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330761/quantification-of-4-methylimidazole-in-soft-drinks-sauces-and-vinegars-of-greek-market-using-two-liquid-chromatography-techniques
#5
Manolis N Tzatzarakis, Elena Vakonaki, Sofia Moti, Alegakis Athanasios, Christina Tsitsimpikou, Ioannis Tsakiris, Marina Goumenou, Alexander E Nosyrev, Apostolos K Rizos, Aristidis M Tsatsakis
The substance 4-methylimidazole (4-MEI) has raised several concerns regarding its toxicity to humans, although no harmonized classification has yet been decided. The regulatory limits for food products set by various authorities in Europe and the USA differ considerably. The purpose of the present study is to compare two liquid chromatography techniques in order to determine the levels of 4-MEI in food products from the Greek market and roughly estimate the possible exposure and relevant health risk for the consumers...
March 19, 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330730/no-fat-no-sugar-no-salt-no-problem-prevalence-of-low-content-nutrient-claims-and-their-associations-with-the-nutritional-profile-of-food-and-beverage-purchases-in-the%C3%A2-united-states
#6
Lindsey Smith Taillie, Shu Wen Ng, Ya Xue, Emily Busey, Matthew Harding
BACKGROUND: Nutrient claims are a commonly used marketing tactic, but the association between claims and nutritional quality of products is unknown. The objective of this study was to examine trends in the proportion of packaged food and beverage purchases with a nutrient claim, whether claims are associated with improved nutritional profile, and whether the proportion of purchases with claims differs by race/ethnicity or socioeconomic status. METHODS: This cross-sectional study examined nutrient claims on more than 80 million food and beverage purchases from a transaction-level database of 40,000 US households from 2008 to 2012...
March 6, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330246/microbial-enzymes-industrial-progress-in-21st-century
#7
REVIEW
Rajendra Singh, Manoj Kumar, Anshumali Mittal, Praveen Kumar Mehta
Biocatalytic potential of microorganisms have been employed for centuries to produce bread, wine, vinegar and other common products without understanding the biochemical basis of their ingredients. Microbial enzymes have gained interest for their widespread uses in industries and medicine owing to their stability, catalytic activity, and ease of production and optimization than plant and animal enzymes. The use of enzymes in various industries (e.g., food, agriculture, chemicals, and pharmaceuticals) is increasing rapidly due to reduced processing time, low energy input, cost effectiveness, nontoxic and eco-friendly characteristics...
December 2016: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330117/microbial-pectinases-an-ecofriendly-tool-of-nature-for-industries
#8
REVIEW
G Garg, A Singh, A Kaur, R Singh, J Kaur, R Mahajan
Pectinases are the growing enzymes of biotechnological sector, showing gradual increase in their market. They hold a leading position among the commercially produced industrial enzymes. These enzymes are ecofriendly tool of nature that are being used extensively in various industries like wine industry; food industry; paper industry for bleaching of pulp and waste paper recycling; in the processing of fruit-vegetables, tea-coffee, animal feed; extraction of vegetable oil and scouring of plant fibres. Moreover, enzymatic catalysis is preferred over other chemical methods, since it is more specific, less aggressive and saves energy...
June 2016: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330084/covalent-immobilization-of-microbial-naringinase-using-novel-thermally-stable-biopolymer-for-hydrolysis-of-naringin
#9
Ghada E A Awad, Abeer A Abd El Aty, Abeer N Shehata, Mohamed E Hassan, Magdy M Elnashar
Naringinase induced from the fermented broth of marine-derived fungus Aspergillus niger was immobilized into grafted gel beads, to obtain biocatalytically active beads. The support for enzyme immobilization was characterized by ART-FTIR and TGA techniques. TGA revealed a significant improvement in the grafted gel's thermal stability from 200 to 300 °C. Optimization of the enzyme loading capacity increased gradually by 28-fold from 32 U/g gel to 899 U/g gel beads, retaining 99 % of the enzyme immobilization efficiency and 88 % of the immobilization yield...
June 2016: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322529/-interventi-di-popolazione-per-contrastare-l-epidemia-di-prodotti-insalubri
#10
Giuseppe Gorini
"The multinational corporations producing tobacco, alcohol, soft drinks, and processed foods have a role of vectors in the increase of chronic diseases, so that one can speak of manufacturing epidemics. The main aim of this paper is to conduct a literature review on different approaches in population-based interventions to stem the rise in consumption of unhealthy products. Different approaches were found: • command-and-control regulations: the route is definitely more advanced for tobacco with the implementation of an international treaty, which requires 180 ratifying states to implement a series of tobacco control policies...
January 2017: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322183/the-un-decade-of-nutrition-the-nova-food-classification-and-the-trouble-with-ultra-processing
#11
Carlos Augusto Monteiro, Geoffrey Cannon, Jean-Claude Moubarac, Renata Bertazzi Levy, Maria Laura C Louzada, Patrícia Constante Jaime
Given evident multiple threats to food systems and supplies, food security, human health and welfare, the living and physical world and the biosphere, the years 2016-2025 are now designated by the UN as the Decade of Nutrition, in support of the UN Sustainable Development Goals. For these initiatives to succeed, it is necessary to know which foods contribute to health and well-being, and which are unhealthy. The present commentary outlines the NOVA system of food classification based on the nature, extent and purpose of food processing...
March 21, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319656/the-role-of-pulses-in-sustainable-and-healthy-food-systems
#12
REVIEW
John McDermott, Amanda J Wyatt
Improving nutrition is a development priority, particularly in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) in Africa and South Asia, in which there is a persistent burden of undernutrition and increasing obesity. Healthy food systems can play a necessary role, aligned with other multisectoral actions, in addressing this challenge. Contributing to improved nutrition and health outcomes through food-based solutions is complex. In considering the role that pulses can play in addressing this challenge, there are useful conceptual frameworks and emerging lessons...
March 2017: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317605/use-of-foodomics-for-control-of-food-processing-and-assessing-of-food-safety
#13
D Josić, Ž Peršurić, D Rešetar, T Martinović, L Saftić, S Kraljević Pavelić
Food chain, food safety, and food-processing sectors face new challenges due to globalization of food chain and changes in the modern consumer preferences. In addition, gradually increasing microbial resistance, changes in climate, and human errors in food handling remain a pending barrier for the efficient global food safety management. Consequently, a need for development, validation, and implementation of rapid, sensitive, and accurate methods for assessment of food safety often termed as foodomics methods is required...
2017: Advances in Food and Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317493/regulation-of-food-marketing-to-children-are-statutory-or-industry-self-governed-systems-effective
#14
Emma J Boyland, Jennifer L Harris
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316474/determination-of-aflatoxin-m1-and-heavy-metals-in-infant-formula-milk-brands-available-in-pakistani-markets
#15
Saeed Akhtar, Muhammad Arif Shahzad, Sang-Ho Yoo, Amir Ismail, Aneela Hameed, Tariq Ismail, Muhammad Riaz
Aflatoxin M1 (AFM1) after its bioconversion from aflatoxin B1 in animal liver becomes the part of milk while heavy metals get entry into milk and milk products during handling in the supply chain. Aflatoxin M1 and heavy metals being toxic compounds are needed to be monitored continuously to avoid any ailments among consumers of foods contaminated with such toxicants. Thirteen commercially available infant formula milk (IFM) brands available in Pakistani markets were analyzed for the quantitative determination of AFM1 and heavy metals through ELISA and atomic absorption spectrophotometer, respectively...
2017: Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316037/early-impacts-of-a-healthy-food-distribution-program-on-the-availability-and-price-of-fresh-fruits-and-vegetables-in-small-retail-venues-in-los-angeles
#16
Amelia R DeFosset, Lauren N Gase, Eliza Webber, Tony Kuo
Healthy food distribution programs that allow small retailers to purchase fresh fruits and vegetables at wholesale prices may increase the profitability of selling produce. While promising, little is known about how these programs affect the availability of fresh fruits and vegetables in underserved communities. This study examined the impacts of a healthy food distribution program in Los Angeles County over its first year of operation (August 2015-2016). Assessment methods included: (1) a brief survey examining the characteristics, purchasing habits, and attitudes of stores entering the program; (2) longitudinal tracking of sales data examining changes in the volume and variety of fruits and vegetables distributed through the program; and (3) the collection of comparison price data from wholesale market databases and local grocery stores...
March 18, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315989/rnai-inhibition-of-feruloyl-coa-6-hydroxylase-reduces-scopoletin-biosynthesis-and-post-harvest-physiological-deterioration-in-cassava-manihot-esculenta-crantz-storage-roots
#17
Shi Liu, Ima M Zainuddin, Herve Vanderschuren, James Doughty, John R Beeching
Cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) is a major world crop, whose storage roots provide food for over 800 million throughout the humid tropics. Despite many advantages as a crop, the development of cassava is seriously constrained by the rapid post-harvest physiological deterioration (PPD) of its roots that occurs within 24-72 h of harvest, rendering the roots unpalatable and unmarketable. PPD limits cassava's marketing possibilities in countries that are undergoing increased development and urbanisation due to growing distances between farms and consumers...
March 18, 2017: Plant Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315892/fortification-of-complementary-foods-a-review-of-products-and-program-delivery
#18
Lynnette M Neufeld, Saskia J M Osendarp, Wendy Gonzalez
Fortified complementary foods (FCF) and home fortificants - single-sachet micronutrient powders (MNP) or small-quantity lipid-based nutrient supplements (SQ-LNS) to be added to a child's food immediately before consumption - have been shown to be efficacious to improve the micronutrient status and some functional outcomes in children 6-23 months of age. The objective of this chapter is to describe and discuss the latest advances related to the composition and delivery of FCF products, including home and commercial fortification...
2017: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314431/fast-analysis-of-phthalates-in-freeze-dried-baby-foods-by-ultrasound-vortex-assisted-liquid-liquid-microextraction-coupled-with-gas-chromatography-ion-trap-mass-spectrometry
#19
Mario Vincenzo Russo, Pasquale Avino, Ivan Notardonato
This paper is focused on the determination of phthalates (PAEs), compounds "plausibly" endocrine disruptors, in baby food products by means of a method based on ultrasound-vortex-assisted liquid-liquid microextraction coupled with GC-IT/MS (UVALLME-GC-IT/MS). Particularly, the whole procedure allows the determination of six phthalates such as DMP, DEP, DBP, iBcEP, BBP and DEHP. After dissolution of 0.1g product sample and addition of anthracene as Internal Standard, 250μL of n-heptane are used as extraction solvent...
November 25, 2016: Journal of Chromatography. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314390/oxysterols-in-cosmetics-determination-by-planar-solid-phase-extraction-and-gas-chromatography-mass-spectrometry
#20
S Schrack, C Hohl, W Schwack
Sterol oxidation products (SOPs) are linked to several toxicological effects. Therefore, investigation of potential dietary uptake sources particularly food of animal origin has been a key issue for these compounds. For the simultaneous determination of oxysterols from cholesterol, phytosterols, dihydrolanosterol and lanosterol in complex cosmetic matrices, planar solid phase extraction (pSPE) was applied as clean-up tool. SOPs were first separated from more non-polar and polar matrix constituents by normal phase thin-layer chromatography and then focussed into one target zone...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Chromatography. A
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