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food marketing

Joanne E Littlefair, Elizabeth L Clare
Society faces the complex challenge of supporting biodiversity and ecosystem functioning, while ensuring food security by providing safe traceable food through an ever-more-complex global food chain. The increase in human mobility brings the added threat of pests, parasites, and invaders that further complicate our agro-industrial efforts. DNA barcoding technologies allow researchers to identify both individual species, and, when combined with universal primers and high-throughput sequencing techniques, the diversity within mixed samples (metabarcoding)...
September 2, 2016: Genome Génome / Conseil National de Recherches Canada
A E Munt, S R Partridge, M Allman-Farinelli
Young adults in Western countries are gaining weight faster than their parents and are more likely to gain weight than any other age cohort. Despite this, investigation into the complex young adults' food choice motives, which enable and prevent healthy eating, has not been widely investigated. A scoping review was conducted involving an extensive literature search of four major electronic databases: Medline, Embase, PsychInfo and CINAHL. Data were collected from 34 articles: study descriptions numerically analysed and key findings thematically analysed...
October 20, 2016: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
Carlos Vera, Andrés Córdova, Carla Aburto, Cecilia Guerrero, Sebastián Suárez, Andrés Illanes
Lactose-derived non-digestible oligosaccharides are prominent components of functional foods. Among them, galacto-oligosaccharides (GOS) outstand for being prebiotics whose health-promoting effects are supported on strong scientific evidences, having unique properties as substitutes of human milk oligosaccharides in formulas for newborns and infants. GOS are currently produced enzymatically in a kinetically-controlled reaction of lactose transgalactosylation catalyzed by β-galactosidases from different microbial strains...
December 2016: World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology
Lauren N Tobey, Elaine Schrumpf, Tonya Johnson, Christine Mouzong, Rachael M Veith, Marc T Braverman, Siew Sun Wong, Melinda M Manore
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 15, 2016: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
John H Kim, Esteban G Jobbágy, Robert B Jackson
Increasing pressures for food, fiber, and fuel continue to drive global land-use changes. Efforts to optimize ecosystem services under alternative land uses are often hampered by the complex interactions and trade-offs among them. We examined the effects of land-use changes on ecosystem carbon storage and groundwater recharge in grasslands of Argentina and the United States to (1) understand the relationships between both services, (2) predict their responses to vegetation shifts across environmental gradients, and (3) explore how market or policy incentives for ecosystem services could affect land-use changes...
September 2016: Ecological Applications: a Publication of the Ecological Society of America
Grant J Aaron, Nicholas Strutt, Nathaniel Amoh Boateng, Ernest Guevarra, Katja Siling, Alison Norris, Shibani Ghosh, Mercy Nyamikeh, Antoine Attiogbe, Richard Burns, Esi Foriwa, Yasuhiko Toride, Satoshi Kitamura, Kwaku Tano-Debrah, Daniel Sarpong, Mark Myatt
The work reported here assesses the coverage achieved by two sales-based approaches to distributing a complementary food supplement (KOKO Plus™) to infants and young children in Ghana. Delivery Model 1 was conducted in the Northern Region of Ghana and used a mixture of health extension workers (delivering behavior change communications and demand creation activities at primary healthcare centers and in the community) and petty traders recruited from among beneficiaries of a local microfinance initiative (responsible for the sale of the complementary food supplement at market stalls and house to house)...
2016: PloS One
Jason A Wiesinger, Karen A Cichy, Raymond P Glahn, Michael A Grusak, Mark A Brick, Henry J Thompson, Elad Tako
Dry beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) are a nutrient dense food rich in protein and micronutrients. Despite their nutritional benefits, long cooking times limit the consumption of dry beans worldwide, especially in nations where fuelwood for cooking is often expensive or scarce. This study evaluated the nutritive value of 12 dry edible bean lines that vary for cooking time (20 to 89 min) from four market classes (yellow, cranberry, light red kidney, and red mottled) of economic importance in bean consuming regions of Africa and the Americas...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Dong-Seok Yim
In the early phase of clinical development of antihypertensive drugs, quantitative modeling to predict their dose-concentration-response relationship is important to plan future clinical development and finding optimal dosage regimen at marketing approval. Two cases of concentration-response models of antihypertensive are presented here.Case 1: Carvedilol is a α1- and nonselective β- adrenergic receptor antagonist currently used for the management of mild-to-moderate essential hypertension and congestive heart failure...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Francesco Cappuccio
Current salt consumption in human societies is now much greater than needed for survival. Furthermore, high salt intake substantially increases blood pressure (BP) in both animals and humans. Conversely, a reduction in salt intake causes a dose-dependent reduction in BP in men and women of all ages and ethnic groups, and in patients already on medication. The risk of strokes and heart attacks rises with increasing BP, but can be decreased by anti-hypertensive drugs. However, the majority of cardiovascular disease (CVD) events occur in the numerous individuals with 'normal' BP levels below the 'clinically hypertensive' level which might trigger drug therapy...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Jane Landon, Tim Lobstein, Fiona Godfrey, Paula Johns, Chris Brookes, David Jernigan
Background and aims The 2011 UN Summit on Non-Communicable Disease failed to call for global action on alcohol marketing despite calls in the World Health Organization (WHO) Global Action Plan on Non-Communicable Diseases 2013-20 to restrict or ban alcohol advertising. In this paper we ask what it might take to match the global approach to tobacco enshrined in the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC), and suggest that public health advocates can learn from the development of the FCTC and the Code of Marketing on infant formula milks and the recent recommendations on restricting food marketing to children...
October 18, 2016: Addiction
Xue Zhou, Min Qiao, Feng-Hua Wang, Yong-Guan Zhu
The application of manure-based commercial organic fertilizers (COFs) is becoming increasingly extensive because of the expanding market for organic food. The present study examined the effects of repeated applications of chicken or swine manure-based COFs on the fate of antibiotics and antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) in soil by conducting a soil microcosm experiment. Application of COFs significantly increased antibiotics residues, as well as the relative abundance of ARGs and the integrase gene of class 1 integrons (intΙ1) in soil...
October 17, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Christian Willersinn, Patrik Mouron, Gabriele Mack, Michael Siegrist
Potatoes are one of the commodities with the highest loss shares along the entire supply chain. In the present study, we analyzed six potential loss reduction scenarios concerning their environmental-socio-economic sustainability compared with the current situation by using the "SustainOS" methodology. For this purpose, life cycle assessments, full-cost calculations and an online consumer survey were conducted. Environmental improvements through loss reduction were rather small and did not cross limits of significance, but the socio-economic performance of the entire supply chain can be improved considerably...
October 14, 2016: Waste Management
Ehsan Mottaghianpour, Firouzeh Nazari, Mohammad Reza Mehrasbi, Mir-Jamal Hosseini
BACKGROUND: Aflatoxin B1 (AFB1 ), as a toxic fungal metabolite, can be found in baby foods, which can lead to serious complications for children's health. In this study, 48 commercial baby foods available in the Iranian market were investigated for the presence of AFB1 , using a high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) system equipped with post-column photochemical derivatization and a fluorescence detector. RESULTS: In this study, 33 out of 48 samples (68...
October 16, 2016: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
Meghan R Longacre, Keith M Drake, Linda J Titus, Jennifer Harris, Lauren P Cleveland, Gail Langeloh, Kristy Hendricks, Madeline A Dalton
Breakfast cereals represent the most highly advertised packaged food on child-targeted television, and most ads are for cereals high in sugar. This study examined whether children's TV exposure to child-targeted, high-sugar breakfast cereal (SBC) ads was associated with their consumption of those SBC brands. Parents of 3- to 5-year-old children were recruited from pediatric and Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) clinics in Southern New Hampshire, USA, and completed a cross-sectional survey between April-December 2013...
October 13, 2016: Appetite
Lyndal Wellard, Alexandra Koukoumas, Wendy L Watson, Clare Hughes
OBJECTIVE: To determine the extent that Australian fast-food websites contain nutrition content and health claims, and whether these claims are compliant with the new provisions of the Australia New Zealand Food Standards Code ('the Code'). DESIGN: Systematic content analysis of all web pages to identify nutrition content and health claims. Nutrition information panels were used to determine whether products with claims met Nutrient Profiling Scoring Criteria (NPSC) and qualifying criteria, and to compare them with the Code to determine compliance...
October 17, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
María Serrano Iglesias, María de Lourdes Samaniego Vaesken, Gregorio Varela Moreiras
: The aim of this study was to draw an updated map of the nutrition facts in the different categories of non-alcoholic beverages in the Spanish market based on the information declared on the labels of these products; we expect this first step to justify the need for the coordination and harmonization of food composition tables in Spain so that there will be an updated database available to produce realistic scientific nutrient intake estimates in accordance with the actual market scenario...
October 8, 2016: Nutrients
Nina J Berry, Karleen D Gribble
The use of health and nutrition content claims in infant formula advertising is restricted by many governments in response to WHO policies and WHA resolutions. The purpose of this study was to determine whether such prohibited claims could be observed in Australian websites that advertise infant formula products. A comprehensive internet search was conducted to identify websites that advertise infant formula available for purchase in Australia. Content analysis was used to identify prohibited claims. The coding frame was closely aligned with the provisions of the Australian and New Zealand Food Standard Code, which prohibits these claims...
October 14, 2016: Maternal & Child Nutrition
Surajit Mandal, Subrota Hati
Probiotics are dietary concepts to improve the dynamics of intestinal microbial balance favorably. Careful screening of probiotic strains for their technological suitability can also allow selection of strains with the best manufacturing and food technology characteristics. However, even the most robust probiotic bacteria are currently in the range of food applications to which they can be applied. Additionally, bacteria with exceptional functional heath properties are ruled out due to technological limitations...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
Simone Belluco, Federica Gallocchio, Carmen Losasso, Antonia Ricci
Background Nanotechnology is a promising area in industry with a broad range of applications including in the agri-food sector. Several studies have investigated the potential benefits deriving from use of nanomaterials in the context of the whole food chain drawing scenarios of benefits but also potential for concerns. Among the agri-food sector, animal production has potential for nanomaterial application but also for safety concerns due to the possibility of nanomaterial accumulation along the farm-to-fork path...
October 13, 2016: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
Arka Chattopadhyay, Stephen Frey, Ghiselle Green
BACKGROUND: Bifeprunox is a novel antipsychotic drug designed to treat schizophrenia. However, research into the drug was ceased in 2009 due to rejection of licence to go to market by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA), who could not approve the drug for acute or long-term symptoms of schizophrenia because more research was required to demonstrate convincing effects "beyond those already achieved" with currently licenced drugs. There were also concerns expressed over one death of a person whilst on the drug...
October 12, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
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