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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231676/-post-marketing-surveillance-of-tanreqing-injection-in-children-a-real-world-study
#1
X X Li, L Zhuo, Y H Yang, S Y Zhan, S D Zhai
Objective: To evaluate the safety of Tanreqing injection among children in the real world. Methods: A multicenter, large sample, ambispective cohort study, with registration-type clinical safety monitoring. A total of 6 188 inpatients and patients from the emergency units, aged ≤ 14 years who all had been using Tanreqing injection in 59 secondary and tertiary hospitals in China, were recruited between January, 2014 and May, 2015. The main outcomes would include incidence and severity of adverse drug reaction (ADR)/adverse drug event (ADE) of Tanreqing injection...
February 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231181/the-determinants-of-organic-vegetable-purchasing-in-jabodetabek-region-indonesia
#2
Alim Setiawan Slamet, Akira Nakayasu, Hu Bai
Over the last few years, the global market of organic vegetables has grown. This is due to increased consumer concern regarding environmental and health issues, especially for food products. This study aims to examine factors that influence consumer behavior in purchasing organic vegetables. In this study, data were obtained from household surveys conducted in the Jabodetabek region (Greater Jakarta) from February to March 2015. Descriptive analysis, factor analysis, and a binary logit model were used to analyze the data...
December 7, 2016: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231173/world-market-development-and-consumer-acceptance-of-irradiation-technology
#3
REVIEW
Behnoush Maherani, Farah Hossain, Paula Criado, Yosra Ben-Fadhel, Stephane Salmieri, Monique Lacroix
Food irradiation is an efficient technology that can be used to ensure food safety by eliminating insects and pathogens to prolong the shelf life. The process could be applied to fresh or frozen products without affecting the nutritional value. Presently more than 60 countries have adopted the technology. However, the technology adaptation differs from one country to another and, in some cases, consumers' misunderstanding and lack of acceptance may hinder the technology adaptation process. This review summarizes the development of irradiation treatment worldwide and consumer attitudes towards the introduction of this technology...
November 24, 2016: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231149/microalgae-nutraceuticals
#4
REVIEW
Marcello Nicoletti
Among the new entries in the food supplements sector, an important place must be assigned to nutraceuticals containing microalgae, nowadays accounting for a large and rapidly expanding market. The marketed products are mainly based on three production strains, i.e., Spirulina and Chlorella, followed at a distance by Klamath. It is a composite situation, since two of them are cyanobacteria and the second one is eukaryotic. The reality is that each presents similarities in shape and appearance concerning the marketed form and several utilizations, and peculiarities that need special attention and adequate studies...
August 22, 2016: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231118/consumer-choice-between-food-safety-and-food-quality-the-case-of-farm-raised-atlantic-salmon
#5
Morteza Haghiri
Since the food incidence of polychlorinated biphenyls in farm-raised Atlantic salmon, its market demand has drastically changed as a result of consumers mistrust in both the quality and safety of the product. Policymakers have been trying to find ways to ensure consumers that farm-raised Atlantic salmon is safe. One of the suggested policies is the implementation of integrated traceability methods and quality control systems. This article examines consumer choice between food safety and food quality to purchase certified farm-raised Atlantic salmon, defined as a product that has passed through various stages of traceability systems in the province of Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada...
March 25, 2016: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231088/health-promoting-compounds-in-pigmented-thai-and-wild-rice
#6
Valentina Melini, Rita Acquistucci
Organic pigmented Thai rice and wild rice are commonly available in specialized Italian markets and food shops, and they are gaining popularity among consumers demanding healthy foods. Indeed, the typical colour of kernels, which is the unique characteristic of pigmented cereals, is due to the accumulation of pigments that are also responsible for a number of healthy effects. The aim of this study was to provide a portrait of two organic pigmented Thai rice varieties from Thailand and one wild rice variety from Canada, imported into Italy and at Italian consumers' disposal...
January 20, 2017: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229539/appetite-self-regulation-environmental-and-policy-influences-on-eating-behaviors
#7
Marlene B Schwartz, David R Just, Jamie F Chriqui, Alice S Ammerman
OBJECTIVE: Appetite regulation is influenced by the environment, and the environment is shaped by food-related policies. This review summarizes the environment and policy research portion of an NIH Workshop (Bethesda, MD, 2015) titled "Self-Regulation of Appetite-It's Complicated." METHODS: In this paper, we begin by making the case for why policy is an important tool in efforts to improve nutrition, and we introduce an ecological framework that illustrates the multiple layers that influence what people eat...
March 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226376/hyaluronic-acid-fillers-in-soft-tissue-regeneration
#8
Arianna Fallacara, Stefano Manfredini, Elisa Durini, Silvia Vertuani
Over the last years, hyaluronic acid (HA) injectable dermal fillers (DFs) have become the most popular agents for soft tissue contouring and volumizing. HA fillers are characterized by most of the properties that an ideal DF should have, due to HA unique chemical-physical properties, biocompatibility, biodegradability, and versatility. Therefore, HA DFs have revolutionized the filler market with a high number of products, which differ in terms of HA source, cross-linkage (agent and degree), HA concentration, hardness, cohesivity, consistency, inclusion or lack of anesthetic, indication, and longevity of correction...
February 2017: Facial Plastic Surgery: FPS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221988/prevalence-and-phylogenetic-characterization-of-escherichia-coli-and-hygiene-indicator-bacteria-isolated-from-leafy-green-produce-beef-and-pork-obtained-from-farmers-markets-in-pennsylvania
#9
Joshua A Scheinberg, Edward G Dudley, Jonathan Campbell, Beth Roberts, Michael DiMarzio, Chitrita DebRoy, Catherine N Cutter
The popularity of farmers' markets in the United States has led to over 8,400 farmers' markets being in operation in 2015. As farmers' markets have increased in size and complexity in the kinds of foods sold at these venues, so have the potential food safety risks. Since 2008, seven major foodborne illness outbreaks and two recalls associated with food products from farmers' markets have occurred, causing 80 known reported illnesses and one death. Various researchers also have observed vendors performing high-risk food safety retail behaviors, and others have identified microbiological hazards in foods sold at farmers' markets...
February 2017: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221966/annual-effective-dose-of-gamma-emitters-in-adults-and-children-for-some-types-of-rice-consumed-in-iraq
#10
Ali Abid Abojassim, Dahir Mohammad Dahir, Azhar S Alaboodi, Abbas H Abonasria
This work studies the activity concentration of natural radioactivity in 20 different types of rice, including imported rice and that produced locally. The rice samples were collected from markets and farms in Iraq, and then a natural radioactivity investigation was done in the environmental laboratory of the Kufa University, using gamma-ray spectrometer systems. The research focused on measuring the activity concentration of natural radioactivity ((238)U, (232)Th, and (40)K) to determine the level of the radium equivalent activity, internal hazard indices, and annual effective dose...
December 2016: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221957/ochratoxin-a-concentrations-in-a-variety-of-grain-based-and-non-grain-based-foods-on-the-canadian-retail-market-from-2009-to-2014
#11
Beata Kolakowski, Sarah M O'Rourke, Henri P Bietlot, Karl Kurz, Barbara Aweryn
The extent of ochratoxin A (OTA) contamination of domestically produced foods sold across Canada was determined from 2009 to 2014 with sampling and testing occurring each fiscal year. Cereal-based, fruit-based, and soy-based food samples (n = 6,857) were analyzed. Almost half of the samples (3,200; 47%) did not contain detectable concentrations of OTA. The remaining 3,657 samples contained OTA at 0.040 to 631 ng/g. Wheat, oats, milled products of other grains (such as rye and buckwheat), and to a lesser extent corn products and their derived foods were the most significant potential sources of OTA exposure for the Canadian population...
December 2016: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221902/monitoring-pesticide-residues-in-fruits-and-vegetables-at-two-of-the-biggest-fresh-produce-markets-in-africa
#12
Mbulaheni T Mutengwe, Lizyben Chidamba, Lise Korsten
In most countries, fresh produce sold at local markets is usually not analyzed for agricultural chemical residues as export products are, which raises concerns about the perceived safety levels of local food supplies in contrast with exported products. The aim of this study was to determine pesticide residue levels in fruits and vegetables sold at two of the biggest fresh produce markets in Africa. A total of 199 fruit and vegetable samples were collected between 2012 and 2014 and analyzed for 74 pesticides commonly used in the horticultural sector...
November 2016: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219238/public-health-risk-of-arsenic-species-in-chicken-tissues-from-live-poultry-markets-of-guangdong-province-china
#13
Yuanan Hu, Wenfeng Zhang, Hefa Cheng, Shu Tao
Arsenic-based feed additives, such as roxarsone (ROX), are still legally and widely used in food animal production in many countries. This study was conducted to systematically characterize the content and speciation of arsenic in chicken tissues from live poultry markets and in commercial chicken feeds in Guangdong, a major poultry production and consumption province in China, and to assess the corresponding public health risk. The total arsenic contents in the commercial feeds could be modeled as a mixture of two log-normal distributions (geometric means: 0...
February 21, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218865/occurrence-of-ochratoxin-a-in-infant-foods-in-the-united-states
#14
Jack Cappozzo, Lauren Jackson, Hyun Jung Lee, Wei Zhou, Fadwa Al-Taher, Jerry Zweigenbaum, Dojin Ryu
Ochratoxin A (OTA) is a possible human carcinogen and occurs frequently in cereal grain, soy, and other agricultural commodities. Infants and young children may be more susceptible to contaminants than adults because of their lower body weight, higher metabolic rate, reduced ability to detoxify food toxicants, and more restricted diet. The purpose of this study was to investigate the occurrence and levels of OTA in infant formula and infant cereal products available in the U.S. market. In the present study, 98 powdered infant formula (milk- and soy-based) samples and 155 infant cereal (barley-, rice-, oat-, wheat-, and mixed grain-based) products were collected from different retail locations in the United States over a 2-year period...
February 2017: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217536/analysis-of-sugars-and-ph-in-commercially-available-soft-drinks-in-saudi-arabia-with-a-brief-review-on-their-dental-implications
#15
Ali Mohamed Idris, Nandimandalam Venkata Vani, Dhafi A Almutari, Mohammed A Jafar, Nezar Boreak
OBJECTIVE: To determine the amount of sugar and pH in commercially available soft drinks in Jazan, Saudi Arabia. This was further compared with their labeled values in order to inform the regulations. The effects of these drinks on teeth is reviewed. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ten brands of popular soft drinks including 6 regular carbonated drinks and 4 energy drinks were obtained from the local markets. Their pH was determined using a pH meter. The amount of total sugar, glucose, fructose, and sucrose was estimated using high performance liquid chromatography (using Dionex ICS 5000 ion chromatography) at the Saudi Food and Drug Authority...
December 2016: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216355/innovative-postmarket-device-evaluation-using-a-quality-registry-to-monitor-thoracic-endovascular-aortic-repair-in-the-treatment-of-aortic-dissection
#16
Adam W Beck, Joseph V Lombardi, Dorothy B Abel, J Pablo Morales, Danica Marinac-Dabic, Grace Wang, Ali Azizzadeh, John Kern, Mark Fillinger, Rodney White, Jack L Cronenwett, Richard P Cambria
OBJECTIVE: United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-mandated postapproval studies have long been a mainstay of the continued evaluation of high-risk medical devices after initial marketing approval; however, these studies often present challenges related to patient/physician recruitment and retention. Retrospective single-center studies also do not fully represent the spectrum of real-world performance nor are they likely to have a sufficiently large enough sample size to detect important signals...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216168/assessment-of-dietary-intake-of-10-intense-sweeteners-by-the-italian-population
#17
Cinzia Le Donne, Lorenza Mistura, Séverine Goscinny, Steven Janvier, Koenraad Cuypers, Laura D'Addezio, Stefania Sette, Giovina Catasta, Marika Ferrari, Raffaela Piccinelli, Joris Van Loco, Aida Turrini
The aim of the present study was to monitor the consumption of foods containing intense sweeteners present on the Italian food market and to investigate whether the Italian general population (aged >3-65+) was at risk for exceeding the Acceptable Daily Intake (ADI) of 10 intense sweeteners. A food label survey was performed in Rome (Italy), using market share data to identify the brands more representative of the market. A sample of 326 foods (table-top sweeteners included), beverages and food supplements containing intense sweeteners was collected and analyzed in order to establish the concentration levels...
February 16, 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216007/microbiological-quality-of-pastrami-and-associated-surfaces-at-the-point-of-sale-in-kayseri-turkey
#18
Y Yildirim, N Ertas Onmaz, Z Gonulalan, S Al, A Yildirim, F Karadal, H Hizlisoy, Ş Pamuk
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to trace the possible relations between the hygienic status of slicing utensils and the microbiological quality of pastrami. STUDY DESIGN: A total of 75 pastrami retail markets were visited in Kayseri, Turkey, where the pastrami (a ready-to-eat meat product) is commonly produced and consumed. Sliced pastrami, the cutting board and knife surface swabs were collected from each pastrami retail point to trace possible sources of contamination...
February 16, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215387/dissemination-of-technology-to-evaluate-healthy-food-incentive-programs
#19
Darcy A Freedman, Alan R Hunt, Katie Merritt, En-Jung Shon, Stephanie N Pike
INTRODUCTION: Federal policy supports increased implementation of monetary incentive interventions for chronic disease prevention among low-income populations. This study describes how a Prevention Research Center, working with a dissemination partner, developed and distributed technology to support nationwide implementation and evaluation of healthy food incentive programming focused on Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program recipients. METHODS: FM Tracks, an iOS-based application and website, was developed to standardize evaluation methods for healthy food incentive program implementation at direct-to-consumer markets...
March 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215158/fiber-compounds-and-human-health
#20
Montaña Cámara, Virginia Fernádez-Ruiz, Patricia Morales, Maria Cortes Sánchez-Mata
BACKGROUND: It is known that insufficient consumption of fiber in Western societies is directly linked to certain diseases. The required daily fiber intake can be obtained from foods such as fruits and vegetables, whole grains, legumes, nuts and others, or by eating foods enriched with fiber as a functional ingredient. OBJECTIVE: This review studies certain fiber compounds such as oligosaccharides (namely α-galactosides and fructans), arabinoxylans and β-glucans...
February 16, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Design
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