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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655749/development-of-a-statistical-model-to-detect-quality-and-storage-conditions-of-atlantic-salmon
#1
Elena Shumilina, Anastasiya Dykyy, Alexander Dikiy
The ever-increasing demand for fish as a food, has led to the development of new handling and packaging technologies resulting in premium quality fish products. In order to avoid frauds reaching the market, fish quality assurance methods need to be developed. In this study, two statistical models of biochemical processes that occur in Atlantic salmon during two weeks of storage at 0 and 4 °C were developed. These models were further used to detect salmon quality and its storage conditions. The biochemical processes were monitored using Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) spectroscopy and principal component analysis (PCA)...
August 30, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651962/phase-iv-studies-some-insights-clarifications-and-issues
#2
Elia Mario Biganzoli, Bruno Mario Cesana
BACKGROUND: There is an increasing need to face regulatory aspects as well as ethics and scientific ones in the pharmaceutical research phase after the authorization of a drug. Traditionally, the Phase IV studies, after the authorization for a drug to be marketed by the Competent Authority like the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) (in Europe, European Medicine Agency -EMA- through National Procedures or Community Procedures) have been considered mainly aimed to the assessment of the new drug safety profile...
April 12, 2018: Current Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651781/abuse-deterrent-opioid-formulations-a-key-ingredient-in-the-recipe-to-prevent-opioid-disasters
#3
Aaron J Salwan, Nicholas E Hagemeier, Sam Harirforoosh
The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is encouraging the innovation of long-acting opioid formulations that are manipulation-resistant. The purpose of this commentary is to assess the benefits and limitations of abuse-deterrent opioid formulations (ADFs) and discuss their role in mitigating the current opioid epidemic. ADFs have been created with chemical properties that make it difficult for people who non-medically use prescription drugs to crush and dissolve opioid tablets, as well as by combining opioids with antagonists such as naloxone or naltrexone, which are released only when the dosage form has been manipulated or the drug is taken by a non-intended route...
April 12, 2018: Clinical Drug Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650683/fda-approval-summary-mylotarg-for-treatment-of-patients-with-relapsed-or-refractory-cd33-positive-acute-myeloid-leukemia
#4
Kelly J Norsworthy, Chia-Wen Ko, Jee Eun Lee, Jiang Liu, Christy S John, Donna Przepiorka, Ann T Farrell, Richard Pazdur
On September 2, 2017, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved gemtuzumab ozogamicin (GO; Mylotarg; Pfizer, New York City, NY) for treatment of relapsed or refractory (R/R) CD33-positive acute myeloid leukemia (AML) in patients 2 years of age and older. GO is a CD33-directed antibody drug conjugate linked to the cytotoxic antibiotic calicheamicin. It originally received accelerated approval for treatment of older patients with relapsed CD33-positive AML in 2000, but it was withdrawn from the market in 2010 when the confirmatory trial failed to demonstrate clinical benefit among safety concerns, such as a higher rate of induction fatalities on the GO combination arm compared with chemotherapy alone...
April 12, 2018: Oncologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650023/sustained-impact-of-energy-dense-tv-and-online-food-advertising-on-children-s-dietary-intake-a-within-subject-randomised-crossover-counter-balanced-trial
#5
Jennifer Norman, Bridget Kelly, Anne-T McMahon, Emma Boyland, Louise A Baur, Kathy Chapman, Lesley King, Clare Hughes, Adrian Bauman
BACKGROUND: Policies restricting children's exposure to unhealthy food marketing have been impeded by the lack of evidence showing a direct link between food advertising exposure and children's energy intake and body weight. Food advertising exposure increases children's immediate food consumption, but whether this increased intake is compensated for at later eating occasions is not known; consequently the sustained effect on diets remains unclear. METHODS: We conducted a within-subject, randomised, crossover, counterbalanced study across four, six-day holiday camps in New South Wales, Australia between April 2016 and January 2017...
April 12, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649781/persisting-patterns-of-human-height-regional-differences-in-living-standards-in-the-early-middle-ages
#6
Nicholas J Meinzer
öProximity to protein production' has recently been identified as an important determinant of regional variation of biological standards of living, as evidenced by average heights. The number of cows per person turned out to be a useful proxy where milk consumption had not been documented. Re-analyses of agricultural production and average male heights in early 19th-century central Europe show that indicators of agricultural suitability and potential for food production constructed from modern agro-ecological data are strongly correlated with historical agricultural specialisation...
March 7, 2018: Economics and Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649193/volume-nature-and-potential-impact-of-advertisements-on-facebook-and-youtube-by-food-brands-popular-in-new-zealand
#7
Stefanie Vandevijvere, Charlotte Aitken, Boyd Swinburn
AIM: To analyse extent, nature and potential impact of marketing by food and beverage brands popular in New Zealand on Facebook and YouTube. METHOD: Popular food and beverage brands in New Zealand were selected from Socialbakers. Posts on Facebook pages of 45 packaged food, beverage and fast food companies over two months and YouTube channels of 15 companies over two years were analysed for nutritional quality and use of activities, promotional strategies (eg, cartoons) and premium offers (eg, competitions)...
April 13, 2018: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642950/melliferous-insects-and-the-uses-assigned-to-their-products-in-the-northern-yungas-of-salta-argentina
#8
Fabio Fernando Flores, Norma Inés Hilgert, Liliana Concepción Lupo
BACKGROUND: The order Hymenoptera comprises melliferous insects (bees, wasps and bumblebees); among them, stingless bees comprise a diverse group of eusocial insects present in tropical and subtropical areas. Of a total of approximately 500 species, 400 are found in the Neotropics. On the continent of America, before the introduction of Apis mellifera, these insects represented the main source of honey and wax. In Argentina, ethnobiological investigations had been carried out on this group of insects, principally in the Atlantic Forest and Chaco regions...
April 11, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629031/determining-attitudinal-and-behavioral-factors-concerning-milk-and-dairy-intake-and-their-association-with-calcium-intake-in-college-students
#9
Angela M Rose, Rachel A Williams, Brooke Rengers, Julie A Kennel, Carolyn Gunther
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Average intake of calcium among college students is below the recommended intake, and knowledge surrounding the attitudinal and behavioral factors that influence milk and dairy intake, a primary food source of calcium, is limited. The purpose of this study was to evaluate college students' attitudes and behaviors concerning milk and dairy consumption and their association with calcium intake. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Participants were 1,730 undergraduate students who completed an online survey (SurveyMonkey) as part of baseline data collection for a social marketing dairy campaign...
April 2018: Nutrition Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628352/-identification-of-yeasts-from-commercial-atti%C3%A3-k%C3%A3-in-abidjan-c%C3%A3-te-d-ivoire-preliminary-study
#10
C G Kouadio-Yapo, G S P Dou, N A D Aka, K D Zika, K D Adoubryn, M Dosso
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to identify yeasts from commercial attiéké. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This descriptive cross-sectional survey involving 103 samples of attiéké sold on the market from August to September 2017. It was conducted from the mycology laboratory of the Institut Pasteur of Côte d'Ivoire. The samples were seeded on YGC medium. The colonies of positive culture were counted and seeded again on chromogen medium. Identification of yeasts species was carried out by MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry (Vitek MS bioMérieux)...
April 6, 2018: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626581/the-use-of-plants-containing-genotoxic-carcinogens-as-foods-and-medicine
#11
Gerhard Prinsloo, Noluyolo Nogemane, Renee Street
In many developing countries, populations rely on traditional medicine for primary health care, which have infiltrated commercial markets globally as natural remedies are generally regarded as safe. Traditional and natural remedies are adapted and expanded in commercial products and product ranges to provide alternatives for various diseases and illnesses. These products resemble very little of the traditional use and application and adverse effects are observed in several cases. Some of the herbs and botanical formulations therefore, are not as safe as are commonly contemplated...
April 4, 2018: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625780/pharmacovigilance-of-sodium-glucose-co-transporter-2-inhibitors-what-a-clinician-should-know-on-disproportionality-analysis-of-spontaneous-reporting-systems
#12
E Raschi, E Poluzzi, F Salvo, A Pariente, F De Ponti, G Marchesini, U Moretti
Sodium-glucose co-transporter-2 inhibitors (SGLT2-Is) have consistently demonstrated a clinically significant reduction of cardiovascular mortality. However, their safety in clinical practice is still incompletely characterized, and post-marketing monitoring is required considering the expected increase in clinical use. Different analyses of international spontaneous reporting systems, known as disproportionality analyses (DAs), have highlighted the occurrence of ketoacidosis, amputations, acute renal failure and skin toxicity...
March 1, 2018: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625608/the-obesogenic-environment-around-elementary-schools-food-and-beverage-marketing-to-children-in-two-mexican-cities
#13
Simón Barquera, Lucia Hernández-Barrera, Stephen J Rothenberg, Enrique Cifuentes
BACKGROUND: Unhealthy environments and food advertisements are major determinants of childhood obesity. Recent regulation has banned unhealthy foods from schools in Mexico. However, currently there is no regulation limiting exposure to food marketing around schools. Thus, our objective was to analyze the characteristics of food advertising practices around 60 elementary schools in two cities and to evaluate compliance with the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) recommendations and the local food industry self-regulatory marketing code...
April 7, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624456/enhanced-stability-of-vitamin-a-palmitate-microencapsulated-by-%C3%AE-cyclodextrin-metal-organic-frameworks
#14
Guoqing Zhang, Fanyue Meng, Zhen Guo, Tao Guo, Hui Peng, Jian Xiao, Botao Liu, Vikaramjeet Singh, Shuangying Gui, Peter York, Wei Qian, Li Wu, Jiwen Zhang
γ-Cyclodextrin metal-organic frameworks (γ-CD-MOFs) are highly porous and bio-friendly novel materials formed by γ-CD as a organic ligand and potassium ion as a inorganic metal center. The aim of this study was to enhance the stability of vitamin A palmitate (VAP) using γ-CD-MOFs as the carrier. Herein, γ-CD-MOFs displayed VAP microencapsulating capacity of 9.77 ± 0.24% with molar ratio as nMOFs :nVAP = 3.2:1.0. It was important to find that the improved stability of VAP microencapsulated by γ-CD-MOFs without addition of any antioxidant(s) was better than that of the best available reference product in the market, with 1...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Microencapsulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623056/using-behavioural-insights-to-promote-food-waste-recycling-in-urban-households-evidence-from-a-longitudinal-field-experiment
#15
Noah Linder, Therese Lindahl, Sara Borgström
Promoting pro-environmental behaviour amongst urban dwellers is one of today's greatest sustainability challenges. The aim of this study is to test whether an information intervention, designed based on theories from environmental psychology and behavioural economics, can be effective in promoting recycling of food waste in an urban area. To this end we developed and evaluated an information leaflet, mainly guided by insights from nudging and community-based social marketing. The effect of the intervention was estimated through a natural field experiment in Hökarängen, a suburb of Stockholm city, Sweden, and was evaluated using a difference-in-difference analysis...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622231/development-of-loop-mediated-isothermal-amplification-lamp-assays-for-the-rapid-detection-of-allergic-peanut-in-processed-food
#16
Shyang-Chwen Sheu, Po-Chuan Tsou, Yi-Yang Lien, Meng-Shiou Lee
Peanut is a widely and common used in many cuisines around the world. However, peanut is also one of the most important food allergen for causing anaphylactic reaction. To prevent allergic reaction, the best way is to avoid the food allergen or food containing allergic ingredient such as peanut before food consuming. Thus, to efficient and precisely detect the allergic ingredient, peanut or related product, is essential and required for maintain consumer's health or their interest. In this study, a loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay was developed for the detection of allergic peanut using specifically designed primer sets...
August 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620485/occurrence-of-toxigenic-fungi-and-mycotoxins-on-root-herbs-from-chinese-markets
#17
Chunyan Su, Yongjian Hu, Dan Gao, Y I Luo, Amanda Juan Chen, Xiaolin Jiao, Weiwei Gao
Herbs derived from roots, leaves, flowers, or fruits of plants are unavoidably contaminated with fungi and mycotoxins during growth, harvest, and storage, thereby posing a health threat to humans. Especially, root herbs (RHs) are more easily contaminated with fungi and mycotoxins because the roots are in direct contact with the soil. Here, we investigated the occurrence of fungi, aflatoxins (AFs), and ochratoxin A (OTA) in eight RHs that are used as medicines, beverages, dietary supplements, and functional foods in China and other countries...
April 5, 2018: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620457/retrospective-study-of-histomoniasis-blackhead-in-california-turkey-flocks-2000-2014
#18
R Hauck, S Stoute, R P Chin, C G Sentíes-Cué, H L Shivaprasad
The flagellate parasite Histomonas meleagridis causes a severe disease in turkeys. Since nitarsone, the last antiflagellate feed additive, was withdrawn from the market, H. meleagridis has gained increasing clinical and economic importance, and frequently entire turkey flocks are lost to the disease. Even before the antiflagellate market withdrawal, H. meleagridis has been recognized as a noteworthy disease in commercial turkeys. The aim of this study was to compile and analyze data on histomoniasis outbreaks diagnosed by the California Animal Health and Food Safety System in the years 2000 through 2014 while nitarsone was still available...
March 2018: Avian Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619022/linking-microbial-community-structure-and-function-during-the-acidified-anaerobic-digestion-of-grass
#19
Aoife Joyce, Umer Z Ijaz, Corine Nzeteu, Aoife Vaughan, Sally L Shirran, Catherine H Botting, Christopher Quince, Vincent O'Flaherty, Florence Abram
Harvesting valuable bioproducts from various renewable feedstocks is necessary for the critical development of a sustainable bioeconomy. Anaerobic digestion is a well-established technology for the conversion of wastewater and solid feedstocks to energy with the additional potential for production of process intermediates of high market values (e.g., carboxylates). In recent years, first-generation biofuels typically derived from food crops have been widely utilized as a renewable source of energy. The environmental and socioeconomic limitations of such strategy, however, have led to the development of second-generation biofuels utilizing, amongst other feedstocks, lignocellulosic biomass...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618404/antimicrobial-substances-for-food-packaging-products-the-current-situation
#20
Alessandra Pellerito, Sara M Ameen, Maria Micali, Giorgia Caruso
Antimicrobial substances are widely used in many anthropic activities, including sanitary and military services for the human population. These compounds are also known to be used in food production, agricultural activities, and partially correlated industrial sectors. However, there are concerns regarding the link between the abuse of antimicrobial agents in these ambits and the possible detection of antibiotic-resistant microorganisms. Modern food and beverage products are generally found on the market as prepackaged units, with several exceptions...
April 4, 2018: Journal of AOAC International
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