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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053606/lung-toxicity-of-condensed-aerosol-from-e-cig-liquids-influence-of-the-flavor-and-the-in-vitro-model-used
#1
Rossella Bengalli, Emanuele Ferri, Massimo Labra, Paride Mantecca
The diffusion of e-cigarette (e-CIG) opens a great scientific and regulatory debate about its safety. The huge number of commercialized devices, e-liquids with almost infinite chemical formulations and the growing market demand for a rapid and efficient toxicity screen system that is able to test all of these references and related aerosols. A consensus on the best protocols for the e-CIG safety assessment is still far to be achieved, since the huge number of variables characterizing these products (e.g., flavoring type and concentration, nicotine concentration, type of the device, including the battery and the atomizer)...
October 20, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053422/evaluation-of-third-party-deep-cleaning-as-a-listeria-monocytogenes-control-strategy-in-retail-delis
#2
Susan R Hammons, Andrea J Etter, Jingjin Wang, Tongyu Wu, Thomas Ford, Michael T Howard, Haley F Oliver
The objective of this study was to develop and assess the efficacy of an aggressive deep cleaning sanitation standard operating procedure (DC-SSOP) in nine retail delicatessens to reduce persistent Listeria monocytogenes environmental contamination. The DC-SSOP was developed from combined daily SSOPs recommended by the Food Marketing Institute and input from experts in Listeria control from food manufacturing and sanitation. The DC-SSOP was executed by a trained professional cleaning service during a single 12-h shutdown period...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053214/herbicide-discovery-in-light-of-rapidly-spreading-resistance-and-ever-increasing-regulatory-hurdles
#3
Bodo Peters, Harry J Strek
According to the UN the global population is expected to grow to almost 10 billion people in 2050. This means that the demand for food, feed and fiber will double while at the same time agriculture is being challenged by a scarcity of water, global warming, less land available for farming, protection of natural habitats, demand for biodiversity on farms and other factors. In addition crop protection products are under pressure from rapidly spreading resistance and increasing regulatory requirements. Many regulatory bodies are also moving away from a risk assessment approach to a more hazard-based approach to grant registrations...
October 20, 2017: Pest Management Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051632/preservation-of-orange-juice-using-propolis
#4
Wenchao Yang, Zhenhong Wu, Zachary Y Huang, Xiaoqing Miao
Orange juice is one of the most popular and the most consumed fruit juices all over the world, especially in Europe and the chemical food preservatives, such as sodium benzoate, potassium sorbate and their mixtures, have long been used in orange juice sold on the market. Excessive consumption of these preservatives may be hazardous to human health. Propolis, composed of resins collected from plant buds and exudates and mixed with salivary gland secretions and beeswax by honey bee workers, has been used as a human medicine and natural food preservative...
October 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049329/rural-food-security-subsistence-agriculture-and-seasonality
#5
Kibrom T Sibhatu, Matin Qaim
Many of the world's food-insecure and undernourished people are smallholder farmers in developing countries. This is especially true in Africa. There is an urgent need to make smallholder agriculture and food systems more nutrition-sensitive. African farm households are known to consume a sizeable part of what they produce at home. Less is known about how much subsistence agriculture actually contributes to household diets, and how this contribution changes seasonally. We use representative data from rural Ethiopia covering every month of one full year to address this knowledge gap...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049113/the-us-opioid-crisis-current-federal-and-state-legal-issues
#6
Cobin D Soelberg, Raeford E Brown, Derick Du Vivier, John E Meyer, Banu K Ramachandran
The United States is in the midst of a devastating opioid misuse epidemic leading to over 33,000 deaths per year from both prescription and illegal opioids. Roughly half of these deaths are attributable to prescription opioids. Federal and state governments have only recently begun to grasp the magnitude of this public health crisis. In 2016, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention released their Guidelines for Prescribing Opioids for Chronic Pain. While not comprehensive in scope, these guidelines attempt to control and regulate opioid prescribing...
November 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048983/representation-of-women-and-minorities-in-clinical-trials-for-new-molecular-entities-and-original-therapeutic-biologics-approved-by-fda-cder-from-2013-to-2015
#7
Alice Chen, Hilary Wright, Hawi Itana, Merina Elahi, Ayomide Igun, Guoxing Soon, Anne R Pariser, Emmanuel O Fadiran
BACKGROUND: The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has made efforts to encourage adequate assessment of women, racial/ethnic minorities, and geriatric participants in clinical trials through regulations and guidance documents. This study surveyed the demographics of clinical trial participants and the presence of efficacy and safety analyses by sex for new drugs approved between 2013 and 2015 by the FDA Center for Drug Evaluation and Research. METHODS: New drug marketing applications submitted to FDA were surveyed for demographic data (sex, race, ethnicity, and age) and the presence of sex-based analyses for efficacy and safety...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048239/community-priorities-for-healthy-eating-in-older-adults
#8
Qianzhi Jiang, Nancy L Cohen, Melissa Ventura Marra, Kathleen Woolf, Judith Gilbride, Sarah L Francis
Community planners such as policymakers and health care and nutrition service providers can create an "age-friendly" environment to support healthy eating in older residents by addressing the highest priorities that enable older adults to improve their dietary intake through different food-related community settings. To identify and prioritize these factors that facilitate behavioral change (enablers) and behavioral settings important for older adult nutrition based on the social ecological model, nutrition and aging professionals (n = 30) from two rural (West Virginia, Iowa) and two urban (Massachusetts, New York) city/county regions (communities) participated in an online or live focus group discussion and completed an analytic hierarchy process survey online...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Nutrition in Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043760/retail-food-environments-shopping-experiences-first-nations-and-the-provincial-norths
#9
Kristin Burnett, Kelly Skinner, Travis Hay, Joseph LeBlanc, Lori Chambers
INTRODUCTION: This paper looks at the market food environments of First Nations communities located in the provincial Norths by examining the potential retail competition faced by the North West Company (NWC) and by reporting on the grocery shopping experiences of people living in northern Canada. METHODS: We employed two methodological approaches to assess northern retail food environments. First, we mapped food retailers in the North to examine the breadth of retail competition in the provincial Norths, focussing specifically on those communities without year-round road access...
October 2017: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041787/a-comparative-analysis-of-mycotoxin-contamination-of-supermarket-and-premium-brand-pelleted-dog-food-in-durban-south-africa
#10
Sanil D Singh, Anil A Chuturgoon
Dry pelleted dog food in the South African market is available via supermarkets, pet stores (standard brands [SBs]) and veterinary channels (premium brands [PBs]). For the purpose of this study, the supermarket channel included the cheaper quality foods and PBs were sold via the veterinary channel (n = 20). These feeds were analysed for four main mycotoxins (aflatoxins [AF], fumonisin [FB], ochratoxin A [OTA] and zearalenone [ZEA]) using standard welldescribed extraction, characterisation and quantitation processes...
October 6, 2017: Journal of the South African Veterinary Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040049/recent-trends-in-common-chemical-feed-and-food-contaminants-in-israel
#11
J A Shimshoni, Y Chen, E Sobol, I Maz, S Barel
In February 2014 a new law was approved by the Israeli parliament, namely the Control of Animal Feed Law. The law intends to regulate the production and marketing of animal feed. In preparation for the law's implementation in 2017, we have assessed the current feed and food safety challenges in Israel in recent years in association with the presence of common undesirable contaminants in various common feed and food commodities. Tight collaboration between regulatory authorities and fee/food industry, enhanced feed and food quality monitoring, transparency of survey results and readily accessible and reliable information for the public about health hazards of chemical contaminants, will guarantee the safety and quality of food and feed...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part C, Environmental Carcinogenesis & Ecotoxicology Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037730/citrus-fruits-freshness-assessment-using-raman-spectroscopy
#12
Fran Nekvapil, Ioana Brezestean, Daniel Barchewitz, Branko Glamuzina, Vasile Chiş, Simona Cintă Pinzaru
The freshness of citrus fruits commonly available in the market was non-destructively assessed by Raman spectroscopy. Intact clementine, mandarin and tangerine species were characterised concerning their carotenoids skin Raman signalling in a time course from the moment they were acquired as fresh stock, supplying the market, to the physical degradation, when they were no longer attractive to consumers. The freshness was found to strongly correlate to the peel Raman signal collected from the same area of the intact fruits in a time course of a maximum of 20days...
March 1, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036249/cost-effectiveness-analysis-of-ixekizumab-vs-etanercept-and-their-manufacturer-recommended-dosing-regimens-in-moderate-to-severe-plaque-psoriasis
#13
Jeremy Udkoff, Lawrence F Eichenfield
INTRODUCTION: Biologic therapies have revolutionized the treatment of psoriasis; however, their use is limited by costs. Ixekizumab was more effective than etanercept in the UNCOVER trials, and the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved ixekizumab for treating psoriasis. Evaluating the cost-effectiveness of these therapies is crucial for medical decision making and our objective was to determine the cost-effectiveness of various ixekizumab dosing frequencies compared with etanercept...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034240/dark-chocolate-opportunity-for-an-alliance-between-medical-science-and-the-food-industry
#14
Ivan M Petyaev, Yuriy K Bashmakov
Dark chocolate (DC) was originally introduced in human nutrition as a medicinal product consumable in a liquid form. Century-long efforts of food industry transformed this hardly appealing product into a valuable modern culinary delight with clear predominance of confectionery brands of DC on the market. However, current epidemiological data as well as multiple experimental and clinical observations reveal that DC consumption may have a profound effect on cardiovascular, central nervous systems, hemostasis, and lipid metabolism...
2017: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034010/developing-a-framework-of-gastronomic-systems-research-to-unravel-drivers-of-food-choice
#15
Rosa Paula Cuevas, Annalyn de Guia, Matty Demont
Nutritional and dietary interventions and the introduction of novel food products and ingredients require a thorough understanding of the drivers of food choice, which are embedded in local context and culture. We developed a framework of "gastronomic systems research" (GSR) to understand culture-specific consumer food choice, and contextualise it to a target population of urban, middle- to high-income Filipino consumers to assess the domestic niche market potential of traditional rice varieties in the Philippines...
October 2017: Int J Gastron Food Sci
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031094/risk-assessment-of-dietary-lead-exposure-among-first-nations-people-living-on-reserve-in-ontario-canada-using-a-total-diet-study-and-a-probabilistic-approach
#16
Amanda K Juric, Malek Batal, Will David, Donald Sharp, Harold Schwartz, Amy Ing, Karen Fediuk, Andrew Black, Constantine Tikhonov, Hing Man Chan, Laurie Chan
Indigenous peoples have elevated risk of lead (Pb) exposure as hunted traditional food can be contaminated with lead-containing ammunition. Recent scientific consensus states that there is no threshold level for Pb exposure. The objective of this study was to estimate dietary exposure to Pb among First Nations living on-reserve in the province of Ontario, Canada. A total diet study was constructed based on a 24-h recall and Pb concentrations for traditional foods from the First Nations Food, Nutrition, and Environment Study (FNFNES) and Pb concentrations in market foods from Health Canada...
October 5, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030875/protection-of-grain-products-from-sitophilus-oryzae-l-contamination-by-anti-insect-pest-repellent-sachet-containing-allyl-mercaptan-microcapsule
#17
Yoonjee Chang, Soo-Hyun Lee, Ja Hyun Na, Pahn-Shick Chang, Jaejoon Han
The purpose of this study was to develop an anti-insect pest repellent sachet to prevent Sitophilus oryzae (L.) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) contamination in grain packaging. The anti-insect pest activities of essential oils (EOs) from garlic (Allium Sativum), ginger (Zingiber Officinalis), black pepper (Piper nigrum), onion (Allium cepa), and fennel (Foeniculum vulgare) as well as major compounds (allyl disulfide, AD; allyl mercaptan, AM) isolated from of garlic and onion (AD and AM) were measured against S...
October 14, 2017: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030862/establishing-standards-on-colors-from-natural-sources
#18
REVIEW
James E Simon, Eric A Decker, Mario G Ferruzzi, M Monica Giusti, Carla D Mejia, Mark Goldschmidt, Stephen T Talcott
Color additives are applied to many food, drug, and cosmetic products. With up to 85% of consumer buying decisions potentially influenced by color, appropriate application of color additives and their safety is critical. Color additives are defined by the U.S. Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (FD&C Act) as any dye, pigment, or substance that can impart color to a food, drug, or cosmetic or to the human body. Under current U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) regulations, colors fall into 2 categories as those subject to an FDA certification process and those that are exempt from certification often referred to as "natural" colors by consumers because they are sourced from plants, minerals, and animals...
October 14, 2017: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023231/marketing-strategies-to-encourage-rural-residents-of-high-obesity-counties-to-buy-fruits-and-vegetables-in-grocery-stores
#19
Emily Liu, Tammy Stephenson, Jessica Houlihan, Alison Gustafson
INTRODUCTION: Obesity rates in Appalachia are among the highest in the United States, and knowledge of upstream approaches to decrease prevalence among this vulnerable population is limited. The primary aim of this study was to examine the association between healthy, diet-based, social marketing interventions in grocery stores and frequency of fruit and vegetable intake. METHODS: A social marketing campaign was conducted among 17 grocery stores (N = 240 participant surveys) over 4 months in 5 rural Kentucky counties...
October 12, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023058/morphometric-characteristics-of-asian-catfish-hemibagrus-wyckii-bleeker-1858-bagridae-from-the-riau-province-of-indonesia
#20
Netti Aryani, Saberina Hasibuan, Ainul Mardiah, Hafrijal Syandri
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Asian Catfish (Hemibagrus wyckii) is an important fish having both food and a high price in the market. These species are categorized as a carnivorous freshwater finfish native in Indonesia and is vulnerable to endangered status. This study was carried out to identify the morphometric characteristics of Hemibagrus wyckii (H. wyckii) from the Koto Panjang Reservoir, Kampar Kanan and Kampar Kiri rivers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-five fish were collected from each sampling site...
2017: Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences: PJBS
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