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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239540/differences-in-preschool-age-children-s-dietary-intake-between-meals-consumed-at-childcare-and-at-home
#1
S B Sisson, A C Kiger, K C Anundson, A H Rasbold, M Krampe, J Campbell, B DeGrace, L Hoffman
Preschool children need optimal nutrition, including a variety of nutrient-dense foods, for growth and development. The purpose of this study was to determine differences in foods and nutrients consumed at childcare and home environments. Children ages 3-to-5 years (n = 90, 3.8 ± 0.7 years; 56% female) from 16 childcare centers participated in this cross-sectional study from 2011 to 2014. Lunches at childcare were observed for two days; three days of dinners at home were reported by caregivers. Nutrient-dense and energy-dense foods were counted and nutrient content of meals was determined using FoodWorks®...
June 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196495/measurement-of-availability-and-accessibility-of-food-among-youth-a-systematic-review-of-methodological-studies
#2
REVIEW
Mekdes K Gebremariam, Cristina Vaqué-Crusellas, Lene F Andersen, F Marijn Stok, Marta Stelmach-Mardas, Johannes Brug, Nanna Lien
BACKGROUND: Comprehensive and psychometrically tested measures of availability and accessibility of food are needed in order to explore availability and accessibility as determinants and predictors of dietary behaviors. The main aim of this systematic review was to update the evidence regarding the psychometric properties of measures of food availability and accessibility among youth. A secondary objective was to assess how availability and accessibility were conceptualized in the included studies...
February 14, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194281/effects-of-father-neonate-skin-to-skin-contact-on-attachment-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Er-Mei Chen, Meei-Ling Gau, Chieh-Yu Liu, Tzu-Ying Lee
This study examines how skin-to-skin contact between father and newborn affects the attachment relationship. A randomized controlled trial was conducted at a regional teaching hospital and a maternity clinic in northern Taiwan. The study recruited 83 first-time fathers aged 20 years or older. By block randomization, participants were allocated to an experimental (n = 41) or a control (n = 42) group. With the exception of skin-to-skin contact (SSC), participants from each group received the same standard care...
2017: Nursing Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043653/fluctuating-asymmetry-in-dental-and-mandibular-nonmetric-traits-as-evidence-for-childcare-sex-bias-in-19th-20th-century-portugal
#4
L M Marado, A M Silva, J D Irish
Fluctuating asymmetry, often considered a measure of developmental instability, was studied in the dental morphological traits of 600 individuals from among the poorest sectors of society in 19th-20th century Portugal. The aims are to identify and interpret any differences between: (1) males and females, and (2) patterns of distribution among teeth with different odontogenic timings, to assess if any sex bias existed in childcare. Dental and mandibular morphological traits were recorded using the Arizona State University Dental Anthropology System...
December 15, 2016: Homo: Internationale Zeitschrift Für die Vergleichende Forschung Am Menschen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042663/all-our-sons-the-developmental-neurobiology-and-neuroendocrinology-of-boys-at-risk
#5
Allan N Schore
Why are boys at risk? To address this question, I use the perspective of regulation theory to offer a model of the deeper psychoneurobiological mechanisms that underlie the vulnerability of the developing male. The central thesis of this work dictates that significant gender differences are seen between male and female social and emotional functions in the earliest stages of development, and that these result from not only differences in sex hormones and social experiences but also in rates of male and female brain maturation, specifically in the early developing right brain...
January 2017: Infant Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27979753/healthy-caregivers-healthy-children-hc2-phase-2-integrating-culturally-sensitive-childhood-obesity-prevention-strategies-into-childcare-center-policies
#6
Sarah E Messiah, Cynthia Lebron, Rhoda Moise, M Sunil Mathew, Krystal Sardinas, Catherina Chang, Joanne Palenzuela, Jennifer Walsh, Karla P Shelnutt, Rachel Spector, Fiorella Altare, Ruby Natale
OBJECTIVE: Despite the high prevalence of obesity among preschool-aged children, most states lack childcare center (CCC) nutrition and physical activity policies. The Healthy Caregivers, Healthy Children (HC) Phase 2 project is examining the relationship between the CCC nutrition and physical activity environment and child dietary intake/physical activity patterns and body mass index (BMI). PARTICIPANTS: A total of 24 "Quality Counts" (Miami Dade County, Florida's Quality Rating Improvement System [QRIS)]) CCCs serving low resource families with ≥50 2-to-5year olds attending have been randomized to either intervention (n=12) or control (n=12)...
December 12, 2016: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27969017/transition-to-parenthood-during-the-transition-to-modernity-in-jordan-new-parents-views-on-family-and-healthcare-support-systems
#7
Lina Mrayan, Flora Cornish, Nimesh Dhungana, Barbara Parfitt
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This study aims to explore new parents' experiences of family support during their transition to parenthood. BACKGROUND: Family support is widely considered a crucial factor in contributing toward positive outcomes for parents during transition to parenthood. However, inter-generational and socio-cultural differences among family members in understandings and practices of childcare can be a source of tension between new parents and family members...
November 2016: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938868/antenatal-and-postnatal-risk-factors-of-postpartum-depression-symptoms-in-thai-women-a-case-control-study
#8
Chutima Roomruangwong, Sinaporn Withayavanitchai, Michael Maes
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of different predictors on the incidence and severity of postpartum depression (PPD) symptoms in a Thai population. METHODS: In this case control study we delineate the clinical, demographic and socio-economic risk factors associated with PPD symptoms. We used the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) 4-6 weeks postpartum to divide parturients into those with (n = 53) and without (n = 260) PPD using a cutoff score of 11...
December 2016: Sexual & Reproductive Healthcare: Official Journal of the Swedish Association of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900154/efficacy-of-gross-motor-skill-interventions-in-young-children-an-updated-systematic-review
#9
Sanne L C Veldman, Rachel A Jones, Anthony D Okely
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to provide an update of the evidence on the efficacy of gross motor development interventions in young children (0-5 years) from 2007 to 2015. METHODS: Searches were conducted of six electronic databases: PUBMED, Medline (Ovid), ERIC (Ebsco), Embase, SCOPUS and Psychinfo. Studies included any childcare-based, preschool-based, home-based, or community-based intervention targeting the development of gross motor skills including statistical analysis of gross motor skill competence...
2016: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879246/father-involvement-in-early-child-rearing-and-behavioural-outcomes-in-their-pre-adolescent-children-evidence-from-the-alspac-uk-birth-cohort
#10
Charles Opondo, Maggie Redshaw, Emily Savage-McGlynn, Maria A Quigley
OBJECTIVE: To explore the nature of paternal involvement in early child-rearing adopting a social developmental perspective, and estimate its effect on behavioural outcomes of children aged 9 and 11 years. SETTING: The data come from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC) cohort recruited in the former county of Avon in the southwest of England. PARTICIPANTS: Out of the 14 701 children in this cohort who were alive at 1 year, 10 440 children were living with both parents at 8 months and were therefore eligible...
November 22, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829405/-get-up-study-rationale-and-protocol-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-to-evaluate-the-effects-of-reduced-sitting-on-toddlers-cognitive-development
#11
Rute Santos, Dylan P Cliff, Steven J Howard, Sanne L Veldman, Ian M Wright, Eduarda Sousa-Sá, João R Pereira, Anthony D Okely
BACKGROUND: The educational and cognitive differences associated with low socioeconomic status begin early in life and tend to persist throughout life. Coupled with the finding that levels of sedentary time are negatively associated with cognitive development, and time spent active tends to be lower in disadvantaged circumstances, this highlights the need for interventions that reduce the amount of time children spend sitting and sedentary during childcare. The proposed study aims to assess the effects of reducing sitting time during Early Childhood Education and Care (ECEC) services on cognitive development in toddlers from low socio-economic families...
November 9, 2016: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27823776/legacy-lead-arsenate-soil-contamination-at-childcare-centers-in-the-yakima-valley-central-washington-usa
#12
Jenna Durkee, Casey Bartrem, Gregory Möller
BACKGROUND: From the early 1900s to the 1950s, Yakima Valley orchards were commonly treated with lead arsenate (LA) insecticides. Lead (Pb) and arsenic (As) soil contamination has been identified on former orchard lands throughout Central Washington and pose a threat to human health and the environment. OBJECTIVES: The levels of Pb and As in soil and interior dust at participating childcare centers in the Upper Yakima Valley (Yakima County), Washington were sampled to explore exposure potential for young children...
February 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27763848/healthy-start-d%C3%A3-part-sant%C3%A3-a-pilot-study-of-a-multilevel-intervention-to-increase-physical-activity-fundamental-movement-skills-and-healthy-eating-in-rural-childcare-centres
#13
Amanda Froehlich Chow, Anne Leis, Louise Humbert, Nazeem Muhajarine, Rachel Engler-Stringer
OBJECTIVES: In order to improve healthy behaviours among rural children in their early years, a physical activity and healthy eating intervention (Healthy Start - Départ Santé) was implemented in rural childcare centres throughout Saskatchewan. The objective of the current study was to evaluate the impact of a multimodal physical activity and healthy eating intervention on educators' provision of opportunities for children to improve their physical activity levels, fundamental movement skills and healthy eating behaviours...
October 20, 2016: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27709110/why-we-move-social-mobility-behaviors-of-non-disabled-and-disabled-children-across-childcare-contexts
#14
Samuel W Logan, Samantha Mae Ross, Melynda A Schreiber, Heather A Feldner, Michele A Lobo, Michele A Catena, Megan MacDonald, James C Galloway
BACKGROUND: Social mobility is defined as the co-occurrence of self-directed locomotion and direct peer interaction. Social mobility is a product of dynamic child-environment interactions and thus likely to vary across contexts (e.g., classroom, gymnasium, and playground). PURPOSE: The purpose of this present study was to examine differences in children's social mobility: (1) across contexts by age and (2) between non-disabled and disabled children. METHOD: Participants (n = 55 non-disabled and three disabled children; Mage = 3...
2016: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27650794/-generally-the-young-mom-suffers-much-socio-cultural-influences-of-maternal-capabilities-and-nutrition-care-in-uganda
#15
Scott B Ickes, Grace A Heymsfield, Timothy W Wright, Charles Baguma
We conducted 40 in-depth interviews and eight focus groups among mothers and fathers (n = 91) of diverse ages in western Uganda to define the relevant domains of maternal capabilities and their relationship to infant and young child feeding practices. This study was directed by a developing theory of maternal capabilities that posits that the impact of health-directed interventions may be limited by unmeasured and poorly understood maternal characteristics. Ugandan caregivers defined three major life events that constrain women's capabilities for childcare: early pregnancy, close child spacing, and polygamous marriage...
September 20, 2016: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27639034/identifying-women-at-risk-for-postpartum-anxiety-a-prospective-population-based-study
#16
C-L Dennis, K Falah-Hassani, H K Brown, S N Vigod
OBJECTIVE: To develop a multifactorial model to predict anxiety symptomatology at 8 weeks postpartum. METHOD: In a population-based study, 522 women in a health region near Vancouver, Canada, completed questionnaires at 1, 4, and 8 weeks postpartum. Questionnaires included risk factors measured at 1 week (sociodemographic, biological, pregnancy-related, life stressors, social support, obstetric, and maternal adjustment). Sequential logistic regression was completed to develop a predictive model of anxiety symptomatology at 8 weeks (State-Trait Anxiety Inventory score >40)...
December 2016: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27631590/the-association-between-childcare-and-risk-of-childhood-overweight-and-obesity-in-children-aged-5%C3%A2-years-and-under-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
Goiuri Alberdi, Aoife E McNamara, Karen L Lindsay, Helena A Scully, Mary H Horan, Eileen R Gibney, Fionnuala M McAuliffe
UNLABELLED: The aim of this paper was to systematically review the published evidence on the relationship between the type of childcare and risk of childhood overweight or obesity. The databases PubMed, MEDLINE, Cochrane Library and EMBASE were searched using combinations of the various search terms to identify eligible observational studies published between 2000 and May 2016 in English. Fifteen publications from 7 countries matched the inclusion criteria. The most commonly reported childcare arrangements were centre-based (e...
October 2016: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27630110/obesity-prevention-program-in-childcare-centers-two-year-follow-up
#18
Ruby A Natale, Sarah E Messiah, Lila S Asfour, Susan B Uhlhorn, Nicole E Englebert, Kristopher L Arheart
PURPOSE: To assess the impact of an early childhood obesity prevention intervention "Healthy Caregivers-Healthy Children" (HC2) on dietary patterns and body mass index percentile (PBMI) over 2 school years. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Childcare centers. PARTICIPANTS: Low-income families. INTERVENTION: Intervention centers (N = 12) received HC2 which consisted of (1) menu modifications, (2) a healthy eating and physical activity curriculum for children, and (3) a parent curriculum for healthy meal preparation, reinforced through a role-modeling curriculum...
September 13, 2016: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27606000/employers-perspective-of-workplace-breastfeeding-support-in-karachi-pakistan-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
Jamil Ahmed Soomro, Zeeshan Noor Shaikh, Tennegedara Buhary Saheer, Suhail Ahmed Bijarani
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding is considered to be an important measure to achieve optimum health outcomes for children, women's return to work has frequently been found to be a main contributor to the early discontinuation of breastfeeding. The aim of the study is to assess workplace breastfeeding support provided to working mothers in Pakistan. METHOD: A workplace based cross-sectional survey was conducted from April through December 2014. Employers from a representative sample of 297 workplaces were interviewed on pre-tested and structured questionnaire...
2016: International Breastfeeding Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27590788/a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-multiple-periods-of-outdoor-free-play-to-increase-moderate-to-vigorous-physical-activity-among-3-to-6%C3%A2-year-old-children-attending-childcare-study-protocol
#20
Luke Wolfenden, John Wiggers, Philip Morgan, Lubna Abdul Razak, Jannah Jones, Meghan Finch, Rachel Sutherland, Christophe Lecathelinais, Karen Gillham, Sze Lin Yoong
BACKGROUND: The implementation of physical activity interventions in centre-based childcare services has been recommended to improve child health. This study aims to evaluate the efficacy of scheduling multiple periods of outdoor free play in increasing the time children spend in moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) during childcare. METHODS: The study will employ a between group cluster randomised controlled trial design. Fourteen childcare services in the Hunter New England region of New South Wales, Australia, who currently implement a single session of free outdoor play between their core operational hours of 9 am to 3 pm will be recruited into the trial...
2016: BMC Public Health
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