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early childcare

Amanda Froehlich Chow, Anne Leis, Louise Humbert, Nazeem Muhajarine, Rachel Engler-Stringer
OBJECTIVES: In order to improve healthy behaviours among rural children in their early years, a physical activity and healthy eating intervention (Healthy Start - Départ Santé) was implemented in rural childcare centres throughout Saskatchewan. The objective of the current study was to evaluate the impact of a multimodal physical activity and healthy eating intervention on educators' provision of opportunities for children to improve their physical activity levels, fundamental movement skills and healthy eating behaviours...
October 20, 2016: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
Samuel W Logan, Samantha Mae Ross, Melynda A Schreiber, Heather A Feldner, Michele A Lobo, Michele A Catena, Megan MacDonald, James C Galloway
BACKGROUND: Social mobility is defined as the co-occurrence of self-directed locomotion and direct peer interaction. Social mobility is a product of dynamic child-environment interactions and thus likely to vary across contexts (e.g., classroom, gymnasium, and playground). PURPOSE: The purpose of this present study was to examine differences in children's social mobility: (1) across contexts by age and (2) between non-disabled and disabled children. METHOD: Participants (n = 55 non-disabled and three disabled children; Mage = 3...
2016: Frontiers in Public Health
Scott B Ickes, Grace A Heymsfield, Timothy W Wright, Charles Baguma
: We conducted 40 in-depth interviews and eight focus groups among mothers and fathers (n = 91) of diverse ages in western Uganda to define the relevant domains of maternal capabilities and their relationship to infant and young child feeding practices. This study was directed by a developing theory of maternal capabilities that posits that the impact of health-directed interventions may be limited by unmeasured and poorly understood maternal characteristics. Ugandan caregivers defined three major life events that constrain women's capabilities for childcare: early pregnancy, close child spacing, and polygamous marriage...
September 20, 2016: Maternal & Child Nutrition
C-L Dennis, K Falah-Hassani, H K Brown, S N Vigod
OBJECTIVE: To develop a multifactorial model to predict anxiety symptomatology at 8 weeks postpartum. METHOD: In a population-based study, 522 women in a health region near Vancouver, Canada, completed questionnaires at 1, 4, and 8 weeks postpartum. Questionnaires included risk factors measured at 1 week (sociodemographic, biological, pregnancy-related, life stressors, social support, obstetric, and maternal adjustment). Sequential logistic regression was completed to develop a predictive model of anxiety symptomatology at 8 weeks (State-Trait Anxiety Inventory score >40)...
September 17, 2016: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
Goiuri Alberdi, Aoife E McNamara, Karen L Lindsay, Helena A Scully, Mary H Horan, Eileen R Gibney, Fionnuala M McAuliffe
UNLABELLED: The aim of this paper was to systematically review the published evidence on the relationship between the type of childcare and risk of childhood overweight or obesity. The databases PubMed, MEDLINE, Cochrane Library and EMBASE were searched using combinations of the various search terms to identify eligible observational studies published between 2000 and May 2016 in English. Fifteen publications from 7 countries matched the inclusion criteria. The most commonly reported childcare arrangements were centre-based (e...
October 2016: European Journal of Pediatrics
Ruby A Natale, Sarah E Messiah, Lila S Asfour, Susan B Uhlhorn, Nicole E Englebert, Kristopher L Arheart
PURPOSE: To assess the impact of an early childhood obesity prevention intervention "Healthy Caregivers-Healthy Children" (HC2) on dietary patterns and body mass index percentile (PBMI) over 2 school years. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Childcare centers. PARTICIPANTS: Low-income families. INTERVENTION: Intervention centers (N = 12) received HC2 which consisted of (1) menu modifications, (2) a healthy eating and physical activity curriculum for children, and (3) a parent curriculum for healthy meal preparation, reinforced through a role-modeling curriculum...
September 13, 2016: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
Jamil Ahmed Soomro, Zeeshan Noor Shaikh, Tennegedara Buhary Saheer, Suhail Ahmed Bijarani
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding is considered to be an important measure to achieve optimum health outcomes for children, women's return to work has frequently been found to be a main contributor to the early discontinuation of breastfeeding. The aim of the study is to assess workplace breastfeeding support provided to working mothers in Pakistan. METHOD: A workplace based cross-sectional survey was conducted from April through December 2014. Employers from a representative sample of 297 workplaces were interviewed on pre-tested and structured questionnaire...
2016: International Breastfeeding Journal
Luke Wolfenden, John Wiggers, Philip Morgan, Lubna Abdul Razak, Jannah Jones, Meghan Finch, Rachel Sutherland, Christophe Lecathelinais, Karen Gillham, Sze Lin Yoong
BACKGROUND: The implementation of physical activity interventions in centre-based childcare services has been recommended to improve child health. This study aims to evaluate the efficacy of scheduling multiple periods of outdoor free play in increasing the time children spend in moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) during childcare. METHODS: The study will employ a between group cluster randomised controlled trial design. Fourteen childcare services in the Hunter New England region of New South Wales, Australia, who currently implement a single session of free outdoor play between their core operational hours of 9 am to 3 pm will be recruited into the trial...
2016: BMC Public Health
Walter S Gilliam, Angela N Maupin, Chin R Reyes
OBJECTIVE: Despite recent federal recommendations calling for increased funding for early childhood mental health consultation (ECMHC) as a means to decrease preschool expulsions, no randomized-controlled evaluations of this form of intervention have been reported in the scientific literature. This study is the first attempt to isolate the effects of ECMHC for enhancing classroom quality, decreasing teacher-rated behavior problems, and decreasing the likelihood of expulsion in targeted children in early childhood classrooms...
September 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
Christine N Lippard, Katie L Riley, Kere Hughes-Belding
This study investigated using the Parenting Interactions with Children: Checklist of Observations Linked to Outcomes (PICCOLO; Roggman, Cook, Innocenti, Norman, & Christiansen, 2013a) measure to assess teacher-child interactions experienced by individual toddlers within their childcare classrooms. Forty toddlers were observed, each during three 10-min cycles, and all their interactions with adults in the classroom were coded using the PICCOLO. Results, in terms of psychometric properties, indicate promise for using this measure to observe toddlers' individual experiences of teacher-child interactions in group settings...
September 2016: Infant Mental Health Journal
Silvia Costa, Jean Adams, Veronica Phillips, Sara E Benjamin Neelon
BACKGROUND: The rising prevalence of obesity, particularly in childhood, is a global public health emergency. There is some evidence that exposure to non-parental childcare before age 6 years is associated with subsequent development of obesity and obesity-related behaviours such as physical activity, sedentary behaviour, sleep, diet and stress, although these findings are inconsistent. It is possible that the relationship between early childcare and later obesity and obesity-related behaviours depends on characteristics of childcare exposure such as type (i...
2016: Systematic Reviews
Tara L LaRowe, Emily J Tomayko, Amy M Meinen, Jill Hoiting, Courtney Saxler, Bridget Cullen
BACKGROUND: Early childcare and education (ECE) is a prime setting for obesity prevention and the establishment of healthy behaviors. The objective of this quasi-experimental study was to examine the efficacy of the Active Early guide, which includes evidenced-based approaches, provider resources, and training, to improve physical activity opportunities through structured (i.e. teacher-led) activity and environmental changes thereby increasing physical activity among children, ages 2-5 years, in the ECE setting...
2016: BMC Public Health
B O'Connor, S Cotter, J Heslin, B Lynam, E McGOVERN, H Murray, G Parker, S Doyle
A measles outbreak occurred in a school in a small town in the South East of Ireland in September-November 2013. Most (and all early) cases had one dose of the measles-mumps- rubella (MMR) vaccination. All suspected cases were followed up, in order to advise on sampling and provide public health advice to them and their contacts. MMR vaccination control measures were instituted in the town. These included early second MMR in primary schools and childcare facilities, bringing forward the planned school MMR catch-up programme, early first MMR dose for children aged 6-12 months and targeted advice to unvaccinated children...
July 19, 2016: Epidemiology and Infection
Kayo Matsumoto, Chifumi Hirayama, Yoko Sakuma, Yoichi Itoi, Asami Sunadori, Junko Kitamura, Takeshi Nakahashi, Tamie Sugawara, Yasushi Ohkusa
Objectives Detecting outbreaks early and then activating countermeasures based on such information is extremely important for infection control at childcare facilities. The Sumida ward began operating the Nursery School Absenteeism Surveillance System (NSASSy) in August 2013, and has since conducted real-time monitoring at nursery schools. The Public Health Center can detect outbreaks early and support appropriate intervention. This paper describes the experiences of Sumida Public Health Center related to early detection and intervention since the initiation of the system...
2016: [Nihon Kōshū Eisei Zasshi] Japanese Journal of Public Health
Kaitlyn K Stanhope, Christi Kay, Beth Stevenson, Julie A Gazmararian
OBJECTIVE: The incidence of childhood obesity is highest among children entering kindergarten. Overweight and obesity in early childhood track through adulthood. Programs increasingly target children in early life for obesity prevention. However, the published literature lacks a review on tools available for measuring behaviour and environmental level change in child care. The objective is to describe measurement tools currently in use in evaluating obesity-prevention in preschool-aged children...
July 1, 2016: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
Kelsey McDavid, Catalina Piedrahita, Patricia Hashima, Emily Anne Vall, Christi Kay, Jean O'Connor
BACKGROUND: In the United States, one in three children is overweight or obese by their fifth birthday. In Georgia, 35 percent of children are overweight or obese. Contrary to popular belief, children who are overweight or obese are likely to be the same weight status as adults, making early childhood an essential time to address weight status. An estimated 380,000 Georgia children attend early care and education environments, such as licensed child care centers, Head Start, and pre-kindergarten programs, which provide an opportunity to reach large numbers of children, including those at risk for obesity and overweight...
2016: Journal of the Georgia Public Health Association
Mohinder Sarna, Robert S Ware, Theo P Sloots, Michael D Nissen, Keith Grimwood, Stephen B Lambert
BACKGROUND: Contemporary information on acute respiratory infections (ARIs) in children is based on hospital cohorts, primary healthcare presentations, and high-risk birth cohort studies. We describe the burden and determinants of symptomatic episodes of ARIs in unselected healthy infants in the first 2-years of life. METHODS: One hundred and fifty-four infants from subtropical Brisbane, Australia participated in a longitudinal, community-based birth cohort study...
May 26, 2016: Pediatric Pulmonology
Steven T Piantadosi, Celeste Kidd
We present evidence that pressures for early childcare may have been one of the driving factors of human evolution. We show through an evolutionary model that runaway selection for high intelligence may occur when (i) altricial neonates require intelligent parents, (ii) intelligent parents must have large brains, and (iii) large brains necessitate having even more altricial offspring. We test a prediction of this account by showing across primate genera that the helplessness of infants is a particularly strong predictor of the adults' intelligence...
June 21, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Sarah Gerritsen, Susan M B Morton, Clare R Wall
OBJECTIVE: To investigate written policies, equipment, strategies and barriers to children's activity in early childhood education settings, including participation in health promotion programs and reported time children spend in active play and using screens while in care. METHODS: Cross-sectional online survey of licensed childcare services in Auckland and Waikato. Policies were scored using a validated tool (WellCCAT-NZ). Results were analysed using descriptive statistics and multivariate regression...
August 2016: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
L Höglund Carlsson, S Saltvedt, B-M Anderlid, J Westerlund, C Gillberg, M Westgren, E Fernell
OBJECTIVE: To analyze whether the frequency of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in a cohort of Swedish children differs between those exposed to ultrasound in the 12(th) week and those exposed to ultrasound in the 18(th) week of gestation. METHODS: The study cohort consisted of approximately 30 000 children born between 1999 and 2003 to mothers who had been randomized to a prenatal ultrasound examination at either 12 or 18 weeks' gestation as part of the framework for a study on nuchal translucency screening...
September 2016: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
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