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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789263/gross-motor-skills-in-toddlers-prevalence-and-socio-demographic-differences
#1
Sanne L C Veldman, Rachel A Jones, Rute Santos, Eduarda Sousa-Sá, Anthony D Okely
OBJECTIVES: Gross motor skills (GMS) are a vital component of a child's development. Monitoring levels and correlates of GMS is important to ensure appropriate strategies are put in place to promote these skills in young children. The aim of this study was to describe the current level of GMS development of children aged 11-29months and how these levels differ by age, sex, BMI and socio-economic status. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: This study involved children from 30 childcare services in NSW, Australia...
May 19, 2018: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787612/psychosocial-needs-of-young-breast-cancer-survivors-in-mexico-city-mexico
#2
Harper G Hubbeling, Shoshana M Rosenberg, Maria Cecilia González-Robledo, Julia G Cohn, Cynthia Villarreal-Garza, Ann H Partridge, Felicia M Knaul
OBJECTIVE: Young breast cancer survivors in Mexico face distinct psychosocial challenges that have not been characterized. This study aims to describe the psychosocial needs of young breast cancer survivors in Mexico at 5 or more years of survivorship, identifying areas of focus for early interventions. METHODS: Breast cancer patients diagnosed at age 40 or prior with 5 or more years since diagnosis were invited to participate in one-on-one 30-60 minute semi-structured audio-recorded interviews at the Instituto Nacional de Cancerología in Mexico City...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779452/a-systematic-review-of-reviews-of-the-outcome-of-severe-neglect-in-underresourced-childcare-institutions
#3
Alan Carr, Hollie Duff, Fiona Craddock
The aim of the systematic review described in this article was to determine the outcomes for individuals exposed to severe neglect in congregate care institutions such as orphanages. In this context, severe neglect refers to failure to meet children's basic physical, developmental, and emotional needs due to inadequate resources. In this systematic review of previous systematic reviews and meta-analyses, searches of 10 databases were conducted, 18 papers that met inclusion and exclusion criteria were selected for review, their quality was assessed, and data were extracted and synthesized...
January 1, 2018: Trauma, Violence & Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755053/state-licensing-regulations-on-screen-time-in-childcare-centers-an-impetus-for-participatory-action-research
#4
Amanda E Staiano, Andrew T Allen, Whitney Fowler, Jeanette Gustat, Maura M Kepper, Leslie Lewis, Corby K Martin, Jessica St Romain, E Kipling Webster
BACKGROUND: New licensing regulations require Louisiana early care and education centers (ECEs) to limit children's screen time and increase physical activity. A community- academic partnership involving academic, community, government, and ECE stakeholders launched two initiatives: (1) an evaluation of the implementation of licensing regulations at the local level and (2) a statewide effort to develop technical assistance for ECE directors. OBJECTIVES: To describe the methods and lessons learned and to establish recommendations based on this ongoing participatory action research...
2018: Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746192/learning-from-students-facilitators-learning-in-interprofessional-placements
#5
Stacie Attrill, Chris Brebner, Claire Marsh
Few studies have examined experiences and learning from the viewpoint of interprofessional facilitators of student placements, and limited research has investigated this learning enacted across traditional service boundaries or between health and education practitioners. This study aimed to address these gaps by exploring perceptions about the learning and experiences of Early Childhood Educators (ECEs) who facilitated placements in childcare settings for speech-language pathology students from a health professional background...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745355/effectiveness-of-different-interventions-in-public-nurseries-based-on-food-and-nutrition-education-promoting-breast-feeding-and-healthy-complementary-feeding
#6
Naiara Abrantes Cândido, Taciana Maia de Sousa, Luana Caroline Dos Santos
OBJECTIVE: Food practices in the early years of life are important to form healthy eating habits; therefore, it is essential for the caregivers of infants to receive appropriate guidance. The present study aimed to investigate the effectiveness of different nutritional interventions on complementary feeding practices in municipal nurseries. DESIGN: Non-randomized controlled intervention study with education professionals and parents of infants (<2 years). Participants were divided into: control group (CG), standard food and nutrition education in writing; and intervention group (IG), the same information as the CG and face-to-face meetings (professionals, 8 h; parents, 5 h)...
May 10, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717504/resources-for-nurturing-childcare-practices-in-urban-and-rural-settings-findings-from-the-colombia-2010-demographic-and-health-survey
#7
H B Urke, M B Mittelmark, D A Amugsi, D J Matanda
BACKGROUND: The health and development potential of young children is dependent on nurturing care (NC) provided by primary caregivers. NC encompasses attention to nutrition; symptom management; early learning, attachment, and socialization; and security and safety. Despite the importance of NC to child health and development, the measurement and study of NC are neglected. This has become a point of major concern in the public health field in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) such as Colombia where many families are hard pressed for childcare resources...
May 1, 2018: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672146/childcare-providers-possession-or-use-of-marijuana-tobacco-or-alcohol-while-caring-for-children-a-comparison-of-us-state-regulations
#8
Elyse R Grossman, Sarah Gonzalez-Nahm, Natasha Frost, Sara E Benjamin-Neelon
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate US state regulations regarding marijuana, tobacco, and alcohol to determine the extent to which states attempt to govern these substances in early care and education (ECE) settings. METHODS: Two independent reviewers assessed regulations enacted by December 2016 for all states and the District of Columbia. Reviewers compared regulations to national standards on the possession or use of marijuana, tobacco, and alcohol in ECE settings. RESULTS: Fewer states regulated marijuana than tobacco or alcohol in ECE settings...
April 19, 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609521/extended-operating-times-are-more-efficient-save-money-and-maintain-a-high-staff-and-patient-satisfaction
#9
Jonathan Blair Thomas Herron, Rachel French, Andrew Douglas Gilliam
Current public sector austerity measures necessitate efficiency savings throughout the NHS. Performance targets have resulted in activity being performed in the private sector, waiting list initiative lists and requests for staff to work overtime. This has resulted in staff fatigue and additional agency costs. Adoption of extended operating theatre times (0800-1800 hours) may improve productivity and efficiency, with potentially significant financial savings; however, implementation may adversely affect staff morale and patient compliance...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Perioperative Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582721/extensive-hepatitis-a-outbreak-in-an-urban-childcare-facility-in-ireland-associated-with-considerable-adult-morbidity
#10
L O'Connor, E McGovern, M O'Meara, J Dean, M Ward, M O'Connor
Hepatitis A infection results in a spectrum of illness from asymptomatic disease to severe fulminant hepatitis. Since 2000, <50 cases have been reported annually in Ireland. We report on an outbreak of hepatitis A associated with a childcare facility(CCF) in 2015 in Ireland. Between January and July 2015, 12 outbreak-associated symptomatic hepatitis A cases were identified, including one delayed, retrospective diagnosis. Seven (58%) cases were adults, eight (67%) were male, six of the adults required hospitalisation...
March 27, 2018: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29513078/early-childhood-trauma-in-high-risk-families-associations-with-caregiver-emotional-availability-and-insightfulness-and-children-s-social-information-processing-and-social-behavior
#11
Yair Ziv, Kristen L Capps Umphlet, Stephanie Olarte, Jimmy Venza
The links between exposure to adverse childhood experiences (ACEs), caregiver insightfulness and emotional availability, and the child's social information processing (SIP) and social behavior were examined in a sample of 15 preschool children enrolled in a Therapeutic Nursery Program (TNP). Children are typically referred to the TNP due to significant delays in their social emotional development that often result in difficulty functioning in typical childcare, home, and community settings. Caregiver insightfulness was measured via an interview with the caregiver...
June 2018: Attachment & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29494537/characteristics-of-effective-interventions-promoting-healthy-eating-for-pre-schoolers-in-childcare-settings-an-umbrella-review
#12
REVIEW
Louisa Matwiejczyk, Kaye Mehta, Jane Scott, Emma Tonkin, John Coveney
Early Childhood Education and Care (ECEC) settings have a pivotal role in shaping children's dietary food habits by providing the contextual environment within which they develop these behaviours. This study examines systematic reviews for (1) the effectiveness of interventions to promote healthy eating in children aged 2-5 years attending centre-based childcare; (2) intervention characteristics which are associated with promoting healthy eating and; (3) recommendations for child-health policies and practices...
March 1, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29477963/lived-experiences-of-asian-fathers-during-the-early-postpartum-period-insights-from-qualitative-inquiry
#13
Shefaly Shorey, Lina Ang, Esther C L Goh
OBJECTIVE: this study aims to understand fathers' expectations, needs, and experiences in infant care during the early postpartum period in Singapore. DESIGN: a descriptive qualitative study design was adopted. SETTING: the study was conducted in a tertiary public hospital in Singapore. PARTICIPANTS: fifty participants (first-time as well as experienced fathers) were recruited from postnatal wards of a public hospital...
May 2018: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473766/childcare-environment-and-japanese-children-who-are-overweight-in-early-childhood
#14
Chisato Miyakoshi, Yosuke Yamamoto, Hiroki Mishina, Chika Shirai, Ichiro Morioka, Shunichi Fukuhara
BACKGROUND: Maternal employment may affect child care styles and contribute to the increasing prevalence of overweight children. We explored the potential risk factors for becoming overweight during early childhood, especially in the child care environment. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study using data from health check-up services from 2007 to 2015 in Kobe, Japan. The main outcome was being overweight at age 3 years, which was defined by the International Obesity Task Force cutoffs...
April 2018: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29377188/early-parenting-support-and-information-a-consumer-perspective
#15
Alina Morawska, Kate Weston, Courtney Bowd
The transition to parenthood is a period of both joy and challenge for most parents. There is a recognized need to support parents during this period, yet existing interventions have shown limited evidence of efficacy. This study takes a consumer-focused approach to examine the needs and preferences of parents both prenatally (n = 77) and postnatally (n = 123) for parenting support. The study used a cross-sectional design with a purpose-built online survey. Parents were recruited via online forums, Facebook and parenting blogs, childcare centers, and playgroups...
March 2018: Infant Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29358695/-it-just-forces-hardship-impacts-of-government-financial-penalties-on-non-vaccinating-parents
#16
Catherine Helps, Julie Leask, Lesley Barclay
Despite strong evidence confirming vaccination is safe and effective, some parents choose not to vaccinate their children. In 2016, the Australian Government introduced legislation strengthening links between vaccination compliance and some government payments. We interviewed thirty-one non-vaccinating parents about the impacts of this policy. Data analysis produced three key themes: 'questioning policy integrity', 'minimising impact' and 'holding my ground'. Affected parents offset reduced income by removing children from early childhood learning, reducing work commitments, moving residence to reduce living costs and accessing informal childcare arrangements...
January 22, 2018: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310603/characteristics-of-positive-interaction-parenting-style-among-primiparous-teenage-optimal-age-and-advanced-age-mothers-in-canada
#17
Theresa H M Kim, Jennifer A Connolly, Michael Rotondi, Hala Tamim
BACKGROUND: Positive-interaction parenting early in childhood is encouraged due to its association with behavioural development later in life. The objective of this study was to examine if the level of positive-interaction parenting style differs among teen, optimal age, and advanced age mothers in Canada, and to identify the characteristics associated with positive-interaction parenting style separately for each age group. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional secondary analysis of the National Longitudinal Survey of Children and Youth...
January 8, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285558/meta-ethnography-of-experiences-of-early-discharge-with-a-focus-on-paediatric-febrile-neutropenia
#18
REVIEW
Jessica E Morgan, Jemma Cleminson, Lesley A Stewart, Robert S Phillips, Karl Atkin
PURPOSE (STATING THE MAIN PURPOSES AND RESEARCH QUESTION): Many children have no significant sequelae of febrile neutropenia. A systematic review of clinical studies demonstrated patients at low risk of septic complications can be safely treated as outpatients using oral antibiotics with low rates of treatment failure. Introducing earlier discharge may improve quality of life, reduce hospital acquired infection and reduce healthcare service pressures. However, the review raised concerns that this might not be acceptable to patients, families and healthcare professionals...
April 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277901/community-partnership-for-healthy-sleep-research-protocol
#19
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Nancy S Redeker, Monica R Ordway, Nancy Banasiak, Barbara Caldwell, Craig Canapari, Angela Crowley, Ada Fenick, Sangchoon Jeon, Meghan O'Connell, Leslie Sude, Lois S Sadler
Beginning early in life, sleep health, including adequate quality, quantity, and consistent sleep routines, is critical to growth and development, behavior, and mental and physical health. Children who live in economically stressed urban environments are at particular risk for sleep deficiency and its negative consequences. Although efficacious sleep health interventions are available, few address the context of economically stressed urban environments. The purpose of this paper is to describe a two-phase protocol for an ongoing NIH/NINR-funded community-engaged study designed to understand the perspectives of parents, community child care and pediatric health care providers about sleep habits, factors that contribute to sleep and sleep habits, sleep difficulty, and potentially useful sleep promotion strategies among children living in economically stressed urban environments...
February 2018: Research in Nursing & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233208/training-early-childcare-providers-in-evidence-based-nutrition-strategies-can-help-improve-nutrition-policies-and-practices-of-early-childcare-centres-serving-racially-and-ethnically-diverse-children-from-low-income-families
#20
T Lucas Hollar, Nicole Cook, Ruby Natale, David Quinn, Teina Phillips, Michael DeLucca
OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the extent to which providing training and technical assistance to early childcare centre (ECC) directors, faculty and staff in the implementation of evidence-based nutrition strategies improved the nutrition contexts, policies and practices of ECC serving racially and ethnically diverse, low-income children in Broward County, Florida, USA. The nutrition strategies targeted snack and beverage policies and practices, consistent with Caring for Our Children National Standards...
December 13, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
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