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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136489/like-peas-and-carrots-combining-wellness-policy-implementation-with-classroom-education-for-obesity-prevention-in-the-childcare-setting
#1
Caree J Cotwright, Diane W Bales, Jung Sun Lee, Kathryn Parrott, Nathalie Celestin, Babatunde Olubajo
OBJECTIVES: We evaluated an intervention combining policy training and technical assistance for childcare teachers with a nutrition education curriculum to improve (1) the knowledge and self-efficacy of childcare teachers in implementing obesity prevention policies and practices, (2) the quantity and quality of nutrition and physical activity education, and (3) the childcare wellness environment. METHODS: Thirteen teachers and 8 administrators (2 of whom were also teachers) from 8 childcare programs in Clarke County, Georgia, participated in the Healthy Child Care Georgia intervention during June-October 2015...
November 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983432/maternity-leave-policies-trade-offs-between-labour-market-demands-and-health-benefits-for-children
#2
Lucy Strang, Miriam Broeks
Over recent years many European Union countries have made changes to the design of the maternity leave provision. These policy developments reflect calls for greater gender equality in the workforce and more equal share of childcare responsibilities. However, while research shows that long period of leave can have negative effects on women's labour market attachment and career advancements, early return to work can be seen as a factor preventing exclusive breastfeeding, and therefore, potentially having negative health impacts for babies...
January 2017: Rand Health Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941978/barriers-to-accessing-abortion-services-and-perspectives-on-using-mifepristone-and-misoprostol-at-home-in-great-britain
#3
Abigail R A Aiken, Katherine A Guthrie, Marlies Schellekens, James Trussell, Rebecca Gomperts
OBJECTIVE: To examine reasons for seeking abortion services outside the formal healthcare system in Great Britain, where abortion is legally available. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a mixed-methods study among women resident in England, Scotland, and Wales who requested at-home medication abortion through online telemedicine initiative Women on Web (WoW) between November 22nd 2016 and March 22nd 2017. We examined the demographics and circumstances of all women requesting early medication abortion and conducted a content analysis of a sample of their anonymized emails to the service to explore their reasons for seeking help...
September 18, 2017: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933882/maternal-depressive-symptoms-mother-child-interactions-and-children-s-executive-function
#4
Noa Gueron-Sela, Marie Camerota, Michael T Willoughby, Lynne Vernon-Feagans, Martha J Cox
This study examined the independent and mediated associations between maternal depression symptoms (MDS), mother-child interaction, and child executive function (EF) in a prospective longitudinal sample of 1,037 children (50% boys) from predominantly low-income and rural communities. When children were 6, 15 and 24 months of age, mothers reported their level of depressive symptomatology. At 24 and 36 months of age, mother-child interactions during play were rated for warmth-sensitivity and harsh-intrusiveness, and dyadic joint attention and maternal language complexity were assessed from a book sharing activity...
September 21, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677302/the-association-between-childcare-arrangements-and-risk-of-overweight-and-obesity-in-childhood-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
L Black, K Matvienko-Sikar, P M Kearney
Over 80% of preschool-aged children experience non-parental childcare. Childcare type has the potential to influence weight outcomes, but its impact on childhood overweight/obesity is not well established. This review aims to (i) systematically evaluate the effects of childcare type on childhood overweight/obesity risk and (ii) investigate the impact of childcare intensity and age at commencement. Five electronic databases were searched for observational studies quantifying an association between childcare type ≤5 years and weight outcomes <18 years...
July 4, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662129/maternal-gestational-weight-gain-and-objectively-measured-physical-activity-among-offspring
#6
Niko S Wasenius, Kimberly P Grattan, Alysha L J Harvey, Nick Barrowman, Gary S Goldfield, Kristi B Adamo
OBJECTIVE: Animal studies have suggested that maternal weight-related factors during pregnancy can program offspring physical activity in a sex-dependent manner. However, there is limited evidence in humans. The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between maternal gestational weight gain (GWG) and offspring total physical activity (TPA) level and to determine whether these associations are moderated by sex of offspring or maternal pre-pregnancy weight status. METHOD: We studied 56 boys (mean age = 3...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646709/association-between-father-involvement-and-attitudes-in-early-child-rearing-and-depressive-symptoms-in-the-pre-adolescent-period-in-a-uk-birth-cohort
#7
Charles Opondo, Maggie Redshaw, Maria A Quigley
BACKGROUND: Much of the research on parenting and its influence on child development has emphasised the mother's role. However, increasing evidence highlights the important role of fathers in the development, health and well-being of their children. We sought to explore the association between paternal involvement in early child-rearing and depressive symptoms in 9 and 11 year-old children. METHODS: We used data from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC) cohort recruited in the southwest of England...
October 15, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634995/the-longitudinal-association-between-early-childhood-obesity-and-fathers-involvement-in-caregiving-and-decision-making
#8
Michelle S Wong, Jessica C Jones-Smith, Elizabeth Colantuoni, Roland J Thorpe, Sara N Bleich, Kitty S Chan
OBJECTIVE: Fathers have increased their involvement in child caregiving; however, their changing role in childhood obesity is understudied. This study assessed the longitudinal association between changes in obesity among children aged 2 to 4 years and changes in fathers' involvement with raising children. METHODS: Longitudinal data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Birth Cohort were used to conduct child fixed-effects linear and logistic regression analyses to assess the association between changes in childhood obesity-related outcomes (sugar-sweetened beverage consumption, screen time, BMI z score, overweight/obesity, obesity) and fathers' involvement with raising children (caregiving and influencing child-related decisions)...
October 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629471/improving-child-nutrition-and-development-through-community-based-childcare-centres-in-malawi-the-neep-ie-study-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#9
Aulo Gelli, Amy Margolies, Marco Santacroce, Katie Sproule, Sophie Theis, Natalie Roschnik, Aisha Twalibu, George Chidalengwa, Amrik Cooper, Tyler Moorhead, Melissa Gladstone, Patricia Kariger, Mangani Kutundu
BACKGROUND: The Nutrition Embedded Evaluation Programme Impact Evaluation (NEEP-IE) study is a cluster randomised controlled trial designed to evaluate the impact of a childcare centre-based integrated nutritional and agricultural intervention on the diets, nutrition and development of young children in Malawi. The intervention includes activities to improve nutritious food production and training/behaviour-change communication to improve food intake, care and hygiene practices. This paper presents the rationale and study design for this randomised control trial...
June 19, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616873/do-childcare-menus-meet-nutrition-guidelines-quantity-variety-and-quality-of-food-provided-in-new-zealand-early-childhood-education-services
#10
Sarah Gerritsen, Brianna Dean, Susan M B Morton, Clare R Wall
OBJECTIVE: To describe food provision and evaluate menus in New Zealand childcare services, determining associations with service characteristics and/or cost of menu. METHODS: Licensed services in three regions of New Zealand participated in an online survey, uploading a weekly menu where applicable. Menus were scored for compliance with guidelines on quantity, variety and quality of foods served. Bivariate and multivariate associations between menu score and service characteristics were analysed...
June 14, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589678/barriers-and-facilitators-to-young-children-s-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behaviour-a-systematic-review-and-synthesis-of-qualitative-literature
#11
REVIEW
K R Hesketh, R Lakshman, E M F van Sluijs
Positive activity behaviours (i.e. higher physical activity [PA]/lower sedentary behaviour [SB]) are beneficial from infancy, yet evidence suggests that young children (0- to 6-year-olds) are relatively inactive. To better understand the perceived influences on these behaviours and to aid intervention development, this paper systematically synthesizes the extensive qualitative literature regarding perceived barriers and facilitators to PA and SB in young children (0-6 years old). A search of eight electronic databases (July 2016) identified 43 papers for inclusion...
September 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578753/grandmothers-knowledge-positively-influences-maternal-knowledge-and-infant-and-young-child-feeding-practices
#12
Chandni Karmacharya, Kenda Cunningham, Jowel Choufani, Suneetha Kadiyala
OBJECTIVE: To examine associations between grandmothers' knowledge and infant and young child feeding (IYCF) practices and to test whether the associations are independent of or operate via maternal knowledge. DESIGN: Cross-sectional household survey data from households with a child under 5 years (n 4080). We used multivariate regression analyses, adjusted for child, maternal, grandmother and household characteristics, and district-level clustering, to test associations between grandmothers' knowledge and IYCF practices for children aged 6-24 months living with a grandmother...
August 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577602/clinical-assessment-of-young-children
#13
REVIEW
Melissa Middleton, Anna Kelley, Mary Margaret Gleason
Mental health assessment of young children provides valuable information to shape a formulation and guide treatment. Early childhood mental health assessment can occur in an increasing number of settings beyond traditional mental health practices, including childcare settings, primary care settings, and other settings where children and family are regularly seen. Although many of the components of an early childhood mental health assessment are included in the assessment of older children, assessment of very young children requires some specific developmental adjustments and additional considerations including attention to the parent-child relationship and caregiving context and rapid development...
July 2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239540/differences-in-preschool-age-children-s-dietary-intake-between-meals-consumed-at-childcare-and-at-home
#14
S B Sisson, A C Kiger, K C Anundson, A H Rasbold, M Krampe, J Campbell, B DeGrace, L Hoffman
Preschool children need optimal nutrition, including a variety of nutrient-dense foods, for growth and development. The purpose of this study was to determine differences in foods and nutrients consumed at childcare and home environments. Children ages 3-to-5 years (n = 90, 3.8 ± 0.7 years; 56% female) from 16 childcare centers participated in this cross-sectional study from 2011 to 2014. Lunches at childcare were observed for two days; three days of dinners at home were reported by caregivers. Nutrient-dense and energy-dense foods were counted and nutrient content of meals was determined using FoodWorks®...
June 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196495/measurement-of-availability-and-accessibility-of-food-among-youth-a-systematic-review-of-methodological-studies
#15
REVIEW
Mekdes K Gebremariam, Cristina Vaqué-Crusellas, Lene F Andersen, F Marijn Stok, Marta Stelmach-Mardas, Johannes Brug, Nanna Lien
BACKGROUND: Comprehensive and psychometrically tested measures of availability and accessibility of food are needed in order to explore availability and accessibility as determinants and predictors of dietary behaviors. The main aim of this systematic review was to update the evidence regarding the psychometric properties of measures of food availability and accessibility among youth. A secondary objective was to assess how availability and accessibility were conceptualized in the included studies...
February 14, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194281/effects-of-father-neonate-skin-to-skin-contact-on-attachment-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Er-Mei Chen, Meei-Ling Gau, Chieh-Yu Liu, Tzu-Ying Lee
This study examines how skin-to-skin contact between father and newborn affects the attachment relationship. A randomized controlled trial was conducted at a regional teaching hospital and a maternity clinic in northern Taiwan. The study recruited 83 first-time fathers aged 20 years or older. By block randomization, participants were allocated to an experimental (n = 41) or a control (n = 42) group. With the exception of skin-to-skin contact (SSC), participants from each group received the same standard care...
2017: Nursing Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043653/fluctuating-asymmetry-in-dental-and-mandibular-nonmetric-traits-as-evidence-for-childcare-sex-bias-in-19th-20th-century-portugal
#17
L M Marado, A M Silva, J D Irish
Fluctuating asymmetry, often considered a measure of developmental instability, was studied in the dental morphological traits of 600 individuals from among the poorest sectors of society in 19th-20th century Portugal. The aims are to identify and interpret any differences between: (1) males and females, and (2) patterns of distribution among teeth with different odontogenic timings, to assess if any sex bias existed in childcare. Dental and mandibular morphological traits were recorded using the Arizona State University Dental Anthropology System...
January 2017: Homo: Internationale Zeitschrift Für die Vergleichende Forschung Am Menschen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042663/all-our-sons-the-developmental-neurobiology-and-neuroendocrinology-of-boys-at-risk
#18
Allan N Schore
Why are boys at risk? To address this question, I use the perspective of regulation theory to offer a model of the deeper psychoneurobiological mechanisms that underlie the vulnerability of the developing male. The central thesis of this work dictates that significant gender differences are seen between male and female social and emotional functions in the earliest stages of development, and that these result from not only differences in sex hormones and social experiences but also in rates of male and female brain maturation, specifically in the early developing right brain...
January 2017: Infant Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27979753/healthy-caregivers-healthy-children-hc2-phase-2-integrating-culturally-sensitive-childhood-obesity-prevention-strategies-into-childcare-center-policies
#19
Sarah E Messiah, Cynthia Lebron, Rhoda Moise, M Sunil Mathew, Krystal Sardinas, Catherina Chang, Joanne Palenzuela, Jennifer Walsh, Karla P Shelnutt, Rachel Spector, Fiorella Altare, Ruby Natale
OBJECTIVE: Despite the high prevalence of obesity among preschool-aged children, most states lack childcare center (CCC) nutrition and physical activity policies. The Healthy Caregivers, Healthy Children (HC) Phase 2 project is examining the relationship between the CCC nutrition and physical activity environment and child dietary intake/physical activity patterns and body mass index (BMI). PARTICIPANTS: A total of 24 "Quality Counts" (Miami Dade County, Florida's Quality Rating Improvement System [QRIS)]) CCCs serving low resource families with ≥50 2-to-5year olds attending have been randomized to either intervention (n=12) or control (n=12)...
December 12, 2016: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27969017/transition-to-parenthood-during-the-transition-to-modernity-in-jordan-new-parents-views-on-family-and-healthcare-support-systems
#20
Lina Mrayan, Flora Cornish, Nimesh Dhungana, Barbara Parfitt
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This study aims to explore new parents' experiences of family support during their transition to parenthood. BACKGROUND: Family support is widely considered a crucial factor in contributing toward positive outcomes for parents during transition to parenthood. However, inter-generational and socio-cultural differences among family members in understandings and practices of childcare can be a source of tension between new parents and family members...
November 2016: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
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