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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164041/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-intestinal-parasite-infection-among-schoolchildren-in-the-peripheral-highland-regions-of-huanuco-peru
#1
Byungjin Choi, Bongyoung Kim
Objectives: Schoolchildren in developing countries are at greater risk of intestinal parasitic infections. This study aimed to estimate the prevalence and assess the risk factors of intestinal parasite infection among schoolchildren in rural areas of Peru. Methods: A volunteer team from the Korea International Cooperation Agency (KOICA) conducted a campaign for parasite eradication called "Chao parasitos" at five schools in the peripheral highland regions of Huanuco in October 2013...
October 2017: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161063/impact-of-the-2010-us-healthy-hunger-free-kids-act-on-school-breakfast-and-lunch-participation-rates-between-2008-and-2015
#2
Nicole Vaudrin, Kristen Lloyd, Michael J Yedidia, Michael Todd, Punam Ohri-Vachaspati
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate National School Lunch Program (NSLP) and School Breakfast Program (SBP) participation over a 7-year period before and after the implementation of the 2010 Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act (HHFKA), which required healthier school lunch options beginning in school year (SY) 2012-2013 and healthier school breakfast options beginning in SY2013-2014. METHODS: Data were gathered from low-income, high-minority public schools in 4 New Jersey cities...
November 21, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157637/a-quasi-experimental-study-of-the-impact-of-school-start-time-changes-on-adolescent-sleep
#3
Judith A Owens, Tracy Dearth-Wesley, Allison N Herman, J Michael Oakes, Robert C Whitaker
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether simultaneous school start time changes (delay for some schools; advance for others) impact adolescents' sleep. DESIGN: Quasi-experimental study using cross-sectional surveys before and after changes to school start times in September 2015. SETTING: Eight middle (grades 7-8), 3 secondary (grades 7-12), and 8 high (grades 9-12) schools in Fairfax County (Virginia) public schools. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 2017 (6% of ~34,900) students were surveyed before start time changes, and 1180 (3% of ~35,300) were surveyed after...
December 2017: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150399/a-plate-waste-evaluation-of-the-farm-to-school-program
#4
Jaclyn D Kropp, Saul J Abarca-Orozco, Glenn D Israel, David C Diehl, Sebastian Galindo-Gonzalez, Lauren B Headrick, Karla P Shelnutt
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the impacts of the Farm to School (FTS) program on the selection and consumption of fruits and vegetables. DESIGN: Plate waste data were recorded using the visual inspection method before and after implementation of the program. SETTING: Six elementary schools in Florida: 3 treatment and 3 control schools. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 11,262 meal observations of National School Lunch Program (NSLP) participants in grades 1-5...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149874/observation-and-assessment-of-the-nutritional-quality-of-out-of-school-foods-popular-with-secondary-school-pupils-at-lunchtime
#5
Fiona Crawford, Dionne Mackison, John D Mooney, Anne Ellaway
BACKGROUND: The contemporary Scottish diet is unhealthy and a risk factor for poor health outcomes including obesity. Over a third of Scottish children are at risk of being overweight or obese, and there have been calls to strengthen the evidence base on the role of the food retail environment around schools in influencing the consumption of unhealthy foods. METHODS: We examined the food retail environment around five secondary schools in Glasgow city, Scotland...
November 17, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144980/time-attitudes-predict-changes-in-adolescent-self-efficacy-a-24-month-latent-transition-mover-stayer-analysis
#6
Kevin E Wells, Michael T McKay, Grant B Morgan, Frank C Worrell
Increasingly, the study of temporal psychology is moving away from bivariate analyses towards person-centered analyses, which simultaneously account for scores on past, present and future dimensions. However, longitudinal studies are lacking. This study builds on a developing literature by examining the 24-month relationship between time attitudes and criterion variables. Four latent profiles called Positive, Ambivalent, Moderately Negative, and Negative, were identified. Results showed that time attitude profiles were generally unstable across the first three years of high school...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143707/effect-of-multi-micronutrient-fortified-rice-on-cognitive-performance-depends-on-premix-composition-and-cognitive-function-tested-results-of-an-effectiveness-study-in-cambodian-schoolchildren
#7
Marion Fiorentino, Marlène Perignon, Khuov Kuong, Richard de Groot, Megan Parker, Kurt Burja, Marjoleine A Dijkhuizen, Sek Sokhom, Chhoun Chamnan, Jacques Berger, Frank T Wieringa
OBJECTIVE: Even though current policy is strongly focused on the crucial first '1000 days', it might be still possible to enhance cognitive function during the pre-adolescent and adolescent years by improving micronutrient status. In Cambodia, nutritional status is poor. Provision of rice fortified with micronutrients through a school meal programme (SMP) could be a cost-effective strategy to help improve health and school performance. The present study aimed to evaluate the effect of three different micronutrient-fortified rice formulations on cognitive function in Cambodian children...
November 16, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136476/effectiveness-of-a-school-based-program-focusing-on-diet-and-health-habits-taught-through-physical-exercise
#8
Ana Pablos, Vicente Nebot, Vicente Vañó-Vicent, Diego Ceca, Laura Elvira
The global rate of obesity in childhood is becoming an epidemic and many authors have established a significant association between childhood obesity and overweight in adulthood. It is therefore necessary to seek effective strategies to reduce these levels of obesity. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of the Healthy Habits Program (HHP). The participants were 158 children from the 5th and 6th grades (Intervention Group [IG] n=82, Control Group [CG] n=76). The HHP is a school-based physical activity program focusing on promoting a healthy lifestyle...
November 14, 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122583/is-it-better-at-home-with-my-family-the-effects-of-people-and-place-on-children-s-eating-behavior
#9
L Suzanne Suggs, Sara Della Bella, Natalie Rangelov, Pedro Marques-Vidal
The people and places children eat with can influence food consumption. This study investigates the people and places Swiss school-aged children ate with over a 7-day period and analyses the effects of eating at home with family on food consumption. Children completed a 7-day food diary documenting the foods they consumed, the people with whom they ate, and the place where they ate. Analyses were conducted for all meals and included 9911 meal occasions. Most meals (80.5%) were consumed at home with family. Generalized estimating equations were used to model the effects of the home-family dyad on the child's chance of consuming a certain food while controlling for age, gender and BMI of the child, education, nationality and BMI of the parent...
November 6, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111088/state-laws-are-associated-with-school-lunch-duration-and-promotion-practices
#10
Lindsey Turner, Julien Leider, Elizabeth Piekarz-Porter, Marlene B Schwartz, Caitlin Merlo, Nancy Brener, Jamie F Chriqui
BACKGROUND: The changes in school meal programs stemming from the Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act of 2010 have expanded interest in strategies that increase student participation in school lunch and reduce plate waste. However, it remains unclear what factors are associated with schools' use of such strategies. OBJECTIVE: This study examines whether state laws are associated with two types of school meal-related practices: (a) using promotional strategies (ie, taste tests, using posters or announcements) and (b) duration of lunch periods...
October 27, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091717/unintended-costs-and-consequences-of-school-closures-implemented-in-preparation-for-hurricane-isaac-in-harrison-county-school-district-mississippi-august-september-2012
#11
Yenlik Zheteyeva, Jeanette J Rainey, Hongjiang Gao, Evin U Jacobson, Bishwa B Adhikari, Jianrong Shi, Jonetta J Mpofu, Darlene Bhavnani, Thomas Dobbs, Amra Uzicanin
INTRODUCTION: School closures, while an effective measure against the spread of disease during a pandemic, may carry unintended social and economic consequences for students and families. We evaluated these costs and consequences following a 4-day school closure in Mississippi's Harrison County School District (HCSD). METHODS: In a survey of all households with students enrolled in HCSD, we collected information on difficulties related to the school closure, including interruption of employment and pay, loss of access to subsidized school meals, and arrangement of alternative childcare...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091171/-factors-associated-with-adherence-to-school-meals-by-adolescents-in-state-public-schools-in-colombo-paran%C3%A3-state-brazil
#12
Emanuele de Araujo Valentim, Claudia Choma Bettega de Almeida, César Augusto Taconeli, Mônica Maria Osório, Suely Teresinha Schmidt
This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of adherence to school meals and associated factors among adolescent schoolchildren (N = 1,569). The adolescents completed an on-line questionnaire on adherence to school meals, and their parents answered another questionnaire on socioeconomic data. The chi-square test was used to assess the association between adherence to school meals and gender, nutritional status, per capita family income, maternal schooling, adolescents' opinions on the dining hall layout, whether they considered school meals healthy, and consumption of other foods...
October 26, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065444/direct-effects-of-the-home-school-and-consumer-food-environments-on-the-association-between-food-purchasing-patterns-and-dietary-intake-among-rural-adolescents-in-kentucky-and-north-carolina-2017
#13
Alison Gustafson, Stephanie Jilcott Pitts, Jordan McDonald, Hannah Ford, Paige Connelly, Rachel Gillespie, Emily Liu, Heather Bush, Candace Brancato, Toyin Babatande, Janet Mullins
Background: Obesity rates are higher among rural versus urban adolescents. To examine possible mechanisms for the rural-urban adolescent obesity disparity, we examined the direct and indirect effects of food purchasing patterns, and the home, school, and consumer food environments on dietary intake among rural adolescents. Methods: A baseline survey was conducted among adolescents in eight rural high schools (four in Eastern Kentucky, and four in Eastern North Carolina). Participants answered questions about food purchasing patterns, dietary intake, home food availability, and demographics...
October 21, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061382/daily-distribution-of-free-healthy-school-meals-or-food-voucher-intervention-perceptions-and-attitudes-of-parents-and-educators
#14
Archontoula Dalma, Dina Zota, Matina Kouvari, Christina-Maria Kastorini, Afroditi Veloudaki, Paloma Ellis-Montalban, Athanassios Petralias, Athena Linos
AIMS: To qualitatively evaluate the optimal intervention (food-voucher approach vs. free daily meal distribution), aimed at reducing food insecurity and promoting healthy eating among students attending public schools in socioeconomically disadvantaged areas. METHODS: We randomly assigned 34 schools to one of the two interventions: students in 17 schools received a daily lunch-box and parents in the other 17 schools received a food voucher of equal value once a month...
January 1, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057788/relationship-between-self-rated-health-and-lifestyle-and-food-habits-in-japanese-high-school-students
#15
Tomoko Osera, Mitsuyo Awai, Misako Kobayashi, Setsuko Tsutie, Nobutaka Kurihara
Self-rated health (SRH), a subjective assessment of health status, is extensively used in the field of public health. It is an important and valid measure that is strongly related to morbidity, mortality, longevity and health status. Adolescence is a crucial period for the formation of health status, because health-risk behaviours (e.g., skipping breakfast) are often established during this period. In this study, we investigated the relationship of SRH with lifestyle and eating habits in Japanese high school students...
October 18, 2017: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056893/the-effect-of-school-meals-with-fatty-fish-on-adolescents-self-reported-symptoms-for-mental-health-fins-teens-a-randomized-controlled-intervention-trial
#16
Siv Skotheim, Katina Handeland, Marian Kjellevold, Jannike Øyen, Livar Frøyland, Øyvind Lie, Ingvild Eide Graff, Valborg Baste, Kjell Morten Stormark, Lisbeth Dahl
There is a growing body of evidence linking fish consumption and n-3 LCPUFAs to mental health. Still, the results from randomized trials with n-3 LCPUFAs show conflicting results, and it is possible that the combined effect of several nutrients in fish may explain the observed associations. To aim of the present study was to investigate if school meals with fatty fish three times per week for 12 weeks could alter mental health in a sample of typically developing adolescents. In the Fish Intervention Studies-TEENS (FINS-TEENS), adolescents from eight secondary schools (n=425) in Norway, were randomized to receive school meals with fatty fish, meat or n-3 LCPUFA supplements...
2017: Food & Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042250/eating-breakfast-and-snacks-while-television-viewing-are-associated-with-some-cardio-metabolic-risk-factors-among-iranian-children
#17
Saeed Ghobadi, Shiva Faghih
AIM: We aimed to investigate the association of eating meals while television viewing (TVV) and screen-based behaviors with cardio metabolic risk factors (CRFs) among school-aged children in Shiraz. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was done on 409 primary school children (217 boys), aged 6-9 years. Physical activity, time spent on screen-based behaviors and frequency of eating meals while TVV were measured using a questionnaire. Anthropometric indices, fasting blood sugar (FBS), blood lipids, blood pressure (BP), dietary intakes and physical activity were assessed...
September 22, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037275/intergenerational-transmission-of-family-meal-patterns-from-adolescence-to-parenthood-longitudinal-associations-with-parents-dietary-intake-weight-related-behaviours-and-psychosocial-well-being
#18
Jerica M Berge, Jonathan Miller, Allison Watts, Nicole Larson, Katie A Loth, Dianne Neumark-Sztainer
OBJECTIVE: The present study examined longitudinal associations between four family meal patterns (i.e. never had regular family meals, started having regular family meals, stopped having regular family meals, maintained having regular family meals) and young adult parents' dietary intake, weight-related behaviours and psychosocial well-being. In addition, family meal patterns of parents were compared with those of non-parents. DESIGN: Analysis of data from the longitudinal Project EAT (Eating and Activity in Adolescents and Young Adults) study...
October 17, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036317/quality-of-local-school-wellness-policies-for-physical-activity-and-resultant-implementation-in-pennsylvania-schools
#19
E Francis, E Hivner, A Hoke, T Ricci, A Watach, J Kraschnewski
Background: In 2006, United States public schools participating in federal school meal programs were required to adopt school wellness policies. The effect of these policies on school nutrition environments is well documented; however, evaluation of physical activity policies has received less investigation. We aimed to evaluate how district wellness policies aligned to practice for physical activity implementation in 40 schools with high obesity rates (>24%). Methods: Wellness policies were evaluated using the validated Wellness School Assessment Tool (WellSAT)...
September 28, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026758/impact-of-school-health-education-program-on-personal-hygiene-among-school-children-of-lucknow-district
#20
Ruby Khatoon, Beena Sachan, Mohsin Ali Khan, J P Srivastava
BACKGROUND: Personal hygiene plays a major role to promote healthy life. This study was performed to assess the current level of knowledge and practicing behavior in regard to hand washing, bathing, tooth brushing, and taking care of nail and hair. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted on 800 students of Lucknow district. All the students were interviewed with a structured questionnaire (pretest). A visual display of good and bad personal hygiene was shown on projector and explained the benefits of good personal hygiene behavior...
January 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
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