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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225910/products-purchased-from-family-farming-for-school-meals-in-the-cities-of-rio-grande-do-sul
#1
Daniele Ferigollo, Vanessa Ramos Kirsten, Dienifer Heckler, Oscar Agustín Torres Figueredo, Julian Perez-Cassarino, Rozane Márcia Triches
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to verify the adequacy profile of the cities of the State of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, in relation to the purchase of products of family farming by the Programa Nacional de Alimentação Escolar (PNAE - National Program of School Meals). METHODS: This is a quantitative descriptive study, with secondary data analysis (public calls-to-bid). The sample consisted of approximately 10% (n = 52) of the cities in the State, establishing a representation by mesoregion and size of the population...
February 16, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210748/risk-factors-associated-with-abdominal-obesity-in-suburban-adolescents-from-a-malaysian-district
#2
Wai Fong Chew, Pooi Pooi Leong, Sook Fan Yap, A Malik Yasmin, Kong Bung Choo, Gary Kim Kuan Low, Nem Yun Boo
INTRODUCTION: We aimed to determine the risk factors associated with abdominal obesity (AO) in suburban adolescents. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included adolescents aged 15-17 years from five randomly selected secondary schools in the Hulu Langat district of Selangor State, Malaysia. Waist circumference (WC) was measured at the midpoint between the lower margin of last palpable rib and the top of iliac crest. Information on sociodemographic data, dietary habits, physical activity levels and duration of sleep was obtained via interviewer-administered questionnaires...
February 17, 2017: Singapore Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207380/turning-the-curve-on-obesity-prevalence-among-fifth-graders-in-the-los-angeles-unified-school-district-2001-2013
#3
Amanda Kamali, Heena Hameed, Margaret Shih, Paul Simon
INTRODUCTION: After multiple decades of increasing childhood obesity prevalence in the United States, findings from recent studies suggest that prevalence has leveled or is decreasing in some populations. However, demographic and socioeconomic disparities in prevalence remain and may be increasing. METHODS: To assess recent trends and disparities in childhood obesity prevalence in Los Angeles County, we analyzed data from 2001 through 2013 in fifth graders in the Los Angeles Unified School District (LAUSD)...
February 16, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207338/nutritional-economic-and-environmental-costs-of-milk-waste-in-a-classroom-school-breakfast-program
#4
Stacy A Blondin, Sean B Cash, Jeanne P Goldberg, Timothy S Griffin, Christina D Economos
OBJECTIVES: To measure fluid milk waste in a US School Breakfast in the Classroom Program and estimate its nutritional, economic, and environmental effects. METHODS: Fluid milk waste was directly measured on 60 elementary school classroom days in a medium-sized, urban district. The US Department of Agriculture nutrition database, district cost data, and carbon dioxide equivalent (CO2e) emissions and water footprint estimates for fluid milk were used to calculate the associated nutritional, economic, and environmental costs...
February 16, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196640/risk-of-mental-health-problems-in-adolescents-skipping-meals-the-korean-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2010-to-2012
#5
Gyungjoo Lee, Kyungdo Han, Hyunju Kim
BACKGROUND: Adolescents frequently skip meals, doing so even more than once per day. This is associated with more mental health problems. PURPOSE: This study identified mental health problems' associations with skipping meals and the frequency thereof among adolescents. METHODS: This cross-sectional population-based study used a data set of 1,413 adolescents from the 2010 to 2012 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Hierarchical multivariable logistic regression was conducted to determine the risk of mental health problems, including stress, depressive mood, and suicidal ideation in relation to skipping meals and the frequency thereof per day...
January 20, 2017: Nursing Outlook
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174038/fourth-grade-children-s-dietary-reporting-accuracy-by-meal-component-results-from-a-validation-study-that-manipulated-retention-interval-and-prompts
#6
Suzanne D Baxter, David B Hitchcock, Julie A Royer, Albert F Smith, Caroline H Guinn
We examined reporting accuracy by meal component (beverage, bread, breakfast meat, combination entrée, condiment, dessert, entrée, fruit, vegetable) with validation-study data on 455 fourth-grade children (mean age = 9.92 ± 0.41 years) observed eating school meals and randomized to one of eight dietary recall conditions (two retention intervals [short, long] crossed with four prompts [forward, meal-name, open, reverse]). Accuracy category (match [observed and reported], omission [observed but unreported], intrusion [unobserved but reported]) was a polytomous nominal item response variable...
February 4, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168692/risk-factors-in-the-development-of-behaviour-difficulties-among-students-with-special-educational-needs-and-disabilities-a-multilevel-analysis
#7
Jeremy Oldfield, Neil Humphrey, Judith Hebron
BACKGROUND: Students with special educational needs and disabilities (SEND) are more likely to exhibit behaviour difficulties than their typically developing peers. AIM: The aim of this study was to identify specific risk factors that influence variability in behaviour difficulties among individuals with SEND. SAMPLE: The study sample comprised 4,228 students with SEND, aged 5-15, drawn from 305 primary and secondary schools across England...
February 7, 2017: British Journal of Educational Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166788/motivational-theater-to-increase-consumption-of-vegetable-dishes-by-preschool-children
#8
Theresa Nicklas, Sandra Lopez, Yan Liu, Rabab Saab, Robert Reiher
BACKGROUND: By 3 years of age, many children have developed a dislike for certain foods, particularly vegetables. Seventy-five percent of young children consume less than the recommended levels for vegetables. The objective of this randomized feasibility intervention was to demonstrate the impact of an innovative approach to increase consumption of vegetable dishes by minority preschool children attending Head Start. The specific aims included the collection of data to assess feasibility and efficacy of the intervention...
February 7, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163563/testing-a-brief-substance-misuse-preventive-intervention-for-parents-of-pre-adolescents-feasibility-acceptability-preliminary-efficacy
#9
Margie R Skeer, Konstantina E Yantsides, Misha Eliasziw, Allison Carlton-Smith, Migdalia Tracy, Anthony Spirito
Evidence-based interventions to reduce substance misuse among adolescents are resource and time intensive. We conducted a pilot RCT to evaluate a novel, adaptable, and resource-efficient substance misuse preventive intervention for parents/guardians, focusing on talking with children about substance use and on eating family meals. We randomized 70 parents of children in third-through-sixth grades within a large, urban public school system in New England to the intervention or control condition. Over a six-month follow-up period, we assessed feasibility and acceptability of the intervention and examined frequency of parent-child conversations about alcohol, marijuana, and other drugs, and frequency and duration of family meals...
December 2016: Journal of Child and Family Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161338/quantification-of-food-waste-in-public-catering-services-a-case-study-from-a-swedish-municipality
#10
Mattias Eriksson, Christine Persson Osowski, Christopher Malefors, Jesper Björkman, Emelie Eriksson
Food waste is a major problem that must be reduced in order to achieve a sustainable food supply chain. Since food waste valorisation measures, like energy recovery, have limited possibilities to fully recover the resources invested in food production, there is a need to prevent food waste. Prevention is most important at the end of the value chain, where the largest number of sub-processes have already taken place and occur in vain if the food is not used for its intended purpose, i.e. consumption. Catering facilities and households are at the very end of the food supply chain, and in Sweden the public catering sector serves a large number of meals through municipal organisations, including schools, preschools and elderly care homes...
February 1, 2017: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145738/influence-of-a-school-based-cooking-course-on-students-food-preferences-cooking-skills-and-confidence
#11
Rola Zahr, Lindiwe Sibeko
A quasi-experimental study was conducted to evaluate the influence of Project CHEF, a hands-on cooking and tasting program offered in Vancouver public schools, on students' food preferences, cooking skills, and confidence. Grade 4 and 5 students in an intervention group (n = 68) and a comparison group (n = 32) completed a survey at baseline and 2 to 3 weeks later. Students who participated in Project CHEF reported an increased familiarity and preference for the foods introduced through the program. This was statistically significant (P ≤ 0...
March 2017: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141731/growth-and-documentation-deficits-where-to-start-in-helping-families
#12
Wilhelmina Hernandez, Deborah A Frank, Samantha Morton, Carmen Palacios, Marilyn Augustyn
Pedro is a 2-year 7-month-old boy who was presented for the first time after a visit to a local emergency room (ER) for diarrhea. At the time of his birth, his undocumented mother, Clara, was 20 years old, uninsured, and with limited English proficiency living approximately 400 miles south of our practice in a different state. Although she had been brought to the United States as a child, she had never finished high school. Pedro was born what mother thought was full-term at his parent's home, where a lay midwife assisted during the delivery...
February 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141727/-media-addiction-in-a-10-year-old-boy
#13
Scott Brown, Michael A Scharf, Cristina Bustos, Denise Chavira, Martin T Stein
Bryan is a 10-year-old boy who is brought to his pediatrician by his parents with concerns about oppositional behaviors. Bryan's parents report that he has always been hyperactive and oppositional since a very young age. He has been previously diagnosed with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder and has been treated with appropriate stimulant medications for several years; however, despite this, his parents feel increasingly unable to manage his difficult behaviors. He refuses to do chores or follow through with household routines...
February 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141711/an-8-year-old-boy-with-treatment-resistant-encopresis
#14
Martin T Stein, Marc A Benninga, Barbara T Felt
Paul is an 8-year-old boy with a long-standing history of encopresis and enuresis. Potty training was initiated when he was 2 years old. At this time, his mother was absent from the home for 6 weeks when she cared for her ill father in a different city. The process of teaching Paul to use the bathroom was described as "inconsistent" due to multiple caretakers.Paul never successfully mastered bowel and bladder control. He continues to wet and soil his clothes on a daily basis at home and school. According to his parents, he does not accept responsibility and comments about his soiling such as, "I didn't do it; someone else must have put it there...
February 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139045/factors-associated-with-universal-infant-free-school-meal-take-up-and-refusal-in-a-multicultural-urban-community
#15
G A Goodchild, J Faulks, J A Swift, J Mhesuria, P Jethwa, J Pearce
BACKGROUND: Universal infant free school meals (UIFSM) were introduced in September 2014 and are available to all key stage 1 (4-7 years) children attending state-maintained infant and primary schools in England. The present study aimed to investigate the school-based factors, child and family socio-demographic characteristics, and parental beliefs associated with UIFSM take up in an urban community. METHODS: A cross-sectional questionnaire survey was completed in October to November 2015, amongst parents whose children attended eligible schools in Leicester, England...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125908/the-family-home-environment-food-insecurity-and-body-mass-index-in-rural-children
#16
Jennifer A Jackson, Ellen Smit, Adam Branscum, Katherine Gunter, Marie Harvey, Melinda M Manore, Deborah John
BACKGROUND: Family homes are a key setting for developing lifelong eating and physical activity habits, yet little is known about how family home nutrition and physical activity (FNPA) environments influence food insecurity (FI) and childhood obesity, particularly in rural settings. AIMS: This study examined associations among FNPA, FI, and body mass index (BMI) in rural children. METHOD: Parents of 186 elementary school-age children completed FNPA and FI surveys...
January 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115419/parental-separation-in-childhood-and-adult-smoking-in-the-1958-british-birth-cohort
#17
Sarah E Martindale, Rebecca E Lacey
BACKGROUND: Parental separation or divorce is a known risk factor for poorer adult health. One mechanism may operate through the uptake of risky health behaviours, such as smoking. This study investigated the association between parental separation and adult smoking in a large British birth cohort and also examined potential socioeconomic, relational and psychosocial mediators. Differences by gender and timing of parental separation were also assessed. METHODS: Multiply imputed data on 11 375 participants of the National Child Development Study (the 1958 British birth cohort) were used...
January 23, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096128/a-systematic-review-of-methods-to-assess-children-s-diets-in-the-school-context
#18
REVIEW
Claire N Tugault-Lafleur, Jennifer L Black, Susan I Barr
To evaluate the impact of school-based nutrition interventions, accurate and reliable methods are needed to assess what children eat at school. The primary objective of this study was to systematically review methodological evidence on the relative accuracy and reliability of dietary assessment methods used in the school context. The secondary objective was to assess the frequency of methods and analytical approaches used in studies reporting in-school dietary outcomes. Three health databases were searched for full-text English-language studies...
January 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069006/methods-and-design-of-a-10-week-multi-component-family-meals-intervention-a-two-group-quasi-experimental-effectiveness-trial
#19
Catherine Rogers, Sarah E Anderson, Jamie S Dollahite, Tisa F Hill, Chris Holloman, Carla K Miller, Keeley J Pratt, Carolyn Gunther
BACKGROUND: Given the ongoing childhood obesity public health crisis and potential protective effect of family meals, there is need for additional family meals research, specifically experimental studies with expanded health outcomes that focus on the at-risk populations in highest need of intervention. Future research, specifically intervention work, would also benefit from an expansion of the target age range to include younger children, who are laying the foundation of their eating patterns and capable of participating in family meal preparations...
January 9, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062077/breakfast-and-behavior-in-morning-tasks-facts-or-fads
#20
REVIEW
Valeria Edefonti, Francesca Bravi, Monica Ferraroni
BACKGROUND: Most of the studies investigating the effects of breakfast on cognitive performance have compared performance in subjects who have or have not consumed this meal. However, characteristics of breakfast itself may influence mental abilities. Moreover, as far as the positive effects of having breakfast is more evident, research may focus on the specific characteristics of an adequate breakfast. METHODS: To update an existing systematic review, published at the beginning of 2014, on the role of nutrient composition and/or energy intake at breakfast on the accomplishment of school-related tasks and cognition, we carried out a systematic review of the literature through PUBMED database...
December 24, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
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