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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928116/effects-of-the-national-school-lunch-program-on-bone-growth-in-japanese-elementary-school-children
#1
Toshiyuki Kohri, Naoko Kaba, Tatsuki Itoh, Satoshi Sasaki
The Japanese school lunch program with milk was designed to supply 33-50% of the necessary nutrients per day and 50% of the recommended dietary allowance for calcium, which is difficult to obtain from Japanese meals. Although this program contributes to the mental and physical development of children, the effect of these meals on the bone growth in children remains unknown. Therefore, we compared the effect of school lunch with milk on bone growth between elementary school children attending schools that did not enforce the school lunch with milk program (box-lunch group) and those attending schools that did enforce the program (school-lunch group)...
2016: Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913911/assessing-the-food-safety-attitudes-and-awareness-of-managers-of-school-feeding-programmes-in-mpumalanga-south-africa
#2
J J Sibanyoni, F T Tabit
The managers of school feeding programmes are responsible for ensuring the safety of the food which is provided to schoolchildren, but very few studies have been conducted on the food safety knowledge and awareness of these managers. The objective of this study is to evaluate the food safety attitudes and awareness of managers of the National School Nutrition Programme (NSNP) in schools in Mpumalanga, a province of South Africa. A cross-sectional survey study was conducted in which questionnaires were used to collect data from 300 NSNP food service managers...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910795/i-did-eat-my-vegetables-agreement-between-parent-and-child-food-intake-diaries
#3
Natalie Rangelov, L Suzanne Suggs, Pedro Marques-Vidal
OBJECTIVE: To assess the level of agreement between children and their parents when reporting a child's food consumption. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study in which children and parents independently completed 7 d food diaries describing the foods and drinks the child consumed at every meal and snack. The association between child and parent reporting was assessed for nineteen food groups using Kendall's tau-b non-parametric correlations, Spearman's rank correlations, kappa coefficients and Lin's concordance measure of agreement...
December 2016: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909557/eating-habits-physical-activity-nutrition-knowledge-and-self-efficacy-by-obesity-status-in-upper-grade-elementary-school-students
#4
Seong Ah Ha, Seo Yeon Lee, Kyung A Kim, Jung Sook Seo, Cheong Min Sohn, Hae Ryun Park, Kyung Won Kim
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Childhood obesity has increased in recent decades in Korea. This study was designed to examine differences in the eating habits, physical activity (PA), nutrition knowledge, and self-efficacy of children by obesity status. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Subjects were 5th-grade children from 70 elementary schools in 17 cities nationwide. Two-stage stratified cluster sampling was employed. Survey questionnaire included items related to general characteristics, eating habits, PA, nutrition knowledge and self-efficacy...
December 2016: Nutrition Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906154/-factors-associated-with-overweight-and-obesity-in-schoolchildren-from-8-to-9-years-old-barcelona-spain
#5
Francesca Sánchez-Martínez, Peter Torres Capcha, Gemma Serral Cano, Sara Valmayor Safont, Conxa Castell Abat, Carles Ariza Cardenal
OBJECTIVE: Childhood overweight and obesity have increased progressively in the last decades, especially in countries of Southern Europe. The aim of this study was to identify the prevalence of overweight, obesity and its determinants in schoolchildren between 8-9 years old from Barcelona. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of a representative sample of 3,262 schoolchildren in 2011. Body Mass Index (BMI) was calculated following the criteria established by the World Health Organization (z-scores)...
December 2, 2016: Revista Española de Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895280/effectiveness-of-albendazole-for-hookworm-varies-widely-by-community-and-correlates-with-nutritional-factors-a-cross-sectional-study-of-school-age-children-in-ghana
#6
Debbie Humphries, Sara Nguyen, Sunny Kumar, Josephine E Quagraine, Joseph Otchere, Lisa M Harrison, Michael Wilson, Michael Cappello
Mass drug administration (MDA) targeting school-age children is recommended by the World Health Organization for the global control of soil-transmitted helminth (STH) infections. Although considered safe and cost-effective to deliver, benzimidazole anthelminthics are variably effective against the three most common STNs, and widespread use has raised concern about the potential for emerging resistance. To identify factors mediating response to albendazole, we conducted a cross-sectional study of hookworm infection in the Kintampo North Municipality of Ghana in 2011...
November 28, 2016: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872832/prevalence-of-risk-factors-for-cardiovascular-and-kidney-disease-in-brazilian-healthy-preschool-children
#7
Adriana Cândida da Silva, Marcelo de Sousa Tavares, Maria Goretti Moreira Guimarães Penido
AIM: To investigate the prevalence of nutritional parameters of risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD) and kidney diseases in healthy preschool children. METHODS: This is an observational cross-sectional study with 60 healthy children, of both genders, aged two to six years old and 56 mothers, in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Preschool children and their families with regular activities at public schools were invited to paticipate in the study. The following characteristics were assessed: Socio-demographic condictions, clinical health, anthropometric, biochemical, lifestyle and data on food consumption...
November 6, 2016: World Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843253/acidogenic-potential-of-plain-milk-milk-with-sugar-milk-with-cornflakes-and-milk-cornflakes-with-sugar-a-comparative-study
#8
REVIEW
Sham S Bhat, Sundeep K Hegde, Vidya S Bhat, K M Ramya, Praveen S Jodalli
AIM: To compare the acidogenic potential of plain milk, milk with sugar, milk with cornflakes, and milk cornflakes with sugar by assessing the salivary pH. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was carried out on 40 school children of 8 to 12 years; 20 boys and 20 girls were randomly selected. The salivary pH was assessed before and after the consumption of milk; milk and sugar; milk and cornflakes; and milk, sugar, and cornflakes. Baseline unstimulated saliva was collected in sterile plastic tube and the pH was recorded...
July 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842927/do-adolescents-accurately-evaluate-their-diet-quality-the-helena-study
#9
Jérémy Vanhelst, Laurent Béghin, Alain Duhamel, Stefaan De Henauw, Jonatan R Ruiz, Anthony Kafatos, Odysseas Androutsos, Kurt Widhalm, Beatrice Mauro, Michael Sjöström, Mathilde Kersting, Frédéric Gottrand
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The aim of this study was to assess the diet quality awareness and associated factors in a large sample of European adolescents. METHODS: The study included 3389 healthy adolescents, aged 12.5-17.5 years, who participated in the Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence (HELENA) Study. The adolescents' diet quality was based on repeated 24 h recalls and scored into a Diet Quality Index for Adolescents (DQI-A) considering four components: meal, equilibrium, diversity and quality...
October 27, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27828569/factors-associated-with-metabolic-complications-and-feeding-in-elderly-from-the-rural-area
#10
Sara Franco Diniz Heitor, Leiner Resende Rodrigues, Darlene Mara Dos Santos Tavares
This study aimed to evaluate factors associated with metabolic complications and feeding in the elderly from rural area, in Uberaba, Minas Gerais, guided by the "10 Steps to Healthy Eating for Older People" of the Ministry of Health. Household services with 833 people, aged 60 or older, with no cognitive decline were conducted. Data were collected using Food Frequency Questionnaire, anthropometric measurements, being submitted to descriptive analysis, prevalence rate and Chi-Square Test (p < 0.05). Metabolic complications were associated with female gender (p = 0...
November 2016: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822304/the-student-resilience-survey-psychometric-validation-and-associations-with-mental-health
#11
Suzet Tanya Lereya, Neil Humphrey, Praveetha Patalay, Miranda Wolpert, Jan R Böhnke, Amy Macdougall, Jessica Deighton
BACKGROUND: Policies, designed to promote resilience, and research, to understand the determinants and correlates of resilience, require reliable and valid measures to ensure data quality. The student resilience survey (SRS) covers a range of external supports and internal characteristics which can potentially be viewed as protective factors and can be crucial in exploring the mechanisms between protective factors and risk factors, and to design intervention and prevention strategies...
2016: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818531/worms-at-work-long-run-impacts-of-a-child-health-investment
#12
Sarah Baird, Joan Hamory Hicks, Michael Kremer, Edward Miguel
This study estimates long-run impacts of a child health investment, exploiting community-wide experimental variation in school-based deworming. The program increased labor supply among men and education among women, with accompanying shifts in labor market specialization. Ten years after deworming treatment, men who were eligible as boys stay enrolled for more years of primary school, work 17% more hours each week, spend more time in nonagricultural self-employment, are more likely to hold manufacturing jobs, and miss one fewer meal per week...
November 2016: Quarterly Journal of Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809907/high-prevalence-of-plasmodium-falciparum-gametocyte-infections-in-school-age-children-using-molecular-detection-patterns-and-predictors-of-risk-from-a-cross-sectional-study-in-southern-malawi
#13
Jenna E Coalson, Jenny A Walldorf, Lauren M Cohee, Miriam D Ismail, Don Mathanga, Regina Joice Cordy, Matthias Marti, Terrie E Taylor, Karl B Seydel, Miriam K Laufer, Mark L Wilson
BACKGROUND: In endemic areas, many people experience asymptomatic Plasmodium infections, particularly older children and adults, but their transmission contribution is unknown. Though not the exclusive determinant of infectiousness, transmission from humans to mosquitoes requires blood meals containing gametocytes. Gametocytes often occur at submicroscopic densities, challenging measurement in human populations. More sensitive molecular techniques allow better characterization of gametocyte epidemiologic patterns...
November 4, 2016: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796413/an-assessment-of-the-francois-xavier-bagnoud-poverty-alleviation-program-in-rwanda-and-uganda
#14
Michael O Harhay, Mary C Smith Fawzi, Sacha Jeanneret, Damascène Ndayisaba, William Kibaalya, Emily A Harrison, Dylan S Small
OBJECTIVES: We evaluate the three-year community-based FXBVillage poverty-alleviation model, which provides extremely poor families with sustained social support and graduated material support for education, healthcare, housing, nutrition, and income-generation. METHODS: We combine a pre/post analysis of participant households in Rwanda (n = 912) and Uganda (n = 628) with construction and assessment of a combined multivariable household wealth index comparing FXBVillage data with national Demographic Health Surveys...
October 28, 2016: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777542/gender-differences-and-access-to-a-sports-dietitian-influence-dietary-habits-of-collegiate-athletes
#15
Michael V Hull, Andrew R Jagim, Jonathan M Oliver, Mike Greenwood, Deanna R Busteed, Margaret T Jones
BACKGROUND: Limited research exists on the effect of a sports dietitian (SD) on athletes' dietary habits and nutrient periodization, which is the deliberate manipulation of macronutrient intake to match training goals. Further, the difference in dietary habits between men and women collegiate athletes has been understudied. A survey questionnaire examining dietary habits and practices was administered to athletes at two universities that employed a full time SD. Not all athletes used the SD as their primary source for nutritional guidance...
2016: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27768806/outcomes-of-three-universal-eating-disorder-risk-reduction-programs-by-participants-with-higher-and-lower-baseline-shape-and-weight-concern
#16
Simon M Wilksch, Susan J Paxton, Susan M Byrne, S Bryn Austin, Anne O'Shea, Tracey D Wade
OBJECTIVE: To investigate if baseline shape and weight concern (SWC) moderated outcomes in Prevention Across the Spectrum, a randomized-controlled trial (RCT) of 3 school-based programs aimed at reducing eating disorder and obesity risk factors. METHOD: N = 1,316 Grade 7 and 8 girls and boys (M age = 13.21 years) across three Australian states were randomly allocated to: Media Smart; Life Smart; Helping, Encouraging, Listening and Protecting Peers Initiative (HELPP) or control (usual school class)...
October 21, 2016: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27767153/patterns-of-care-and-service-use-amongst-children-in-england-wales-and-northern-ireland-2013
#17
R D Holmes, J Porter, L Devapal, D A White
Background The 2013 Children's Dental Health survey is the fifth in a series of national surveys.Aims This paper describes children's reported use of dental services, their experience of receiving dental treatment and parental satisfaction with services.Methodology A representative sample of children (aged 5, 8, 12 and 15 years) in England, Wales and Northern Ireland were invited to participate in dental examinations. Older children and all parents were invited to complete a questionnaire about oral health behaviours and attitudes...
October 21, 2016: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766262/positive-impact-on-physical-activity-and-health-behaviour-changes-of-a-15-week-family-focused-intervention-program-juniors-for-seniors
#18
Michał Bronikowski, Małgorzata Bronikowska, Beata Pluta, Janusz Maciaszek, Maciej Tomczak, Agata Glapa
The promotion of physical activity (PA) in children and their parents requires effective planning and sometimes even interventions. This study shows the effect of PA during a 15-week intervention program "Junior for Seniors" by applying a socioecological model to the interpretation of the data. This comprehensive approach emphasizes the fact that health promotion should focus not only on intrapersonal factors but also on the multilevel factors that might be determinants and modulators of increased PA. In 2015, 24 children ("juniors," 14 girls and 10 boys, aged M = 7...
2016: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756636/the-effect-of-new-purchase-criteria-on-food-procurement-for-the-brazilian-school-feeding-program
#19
Panmela Soares, M Carmen Davó-Blanes, Suellen Secchi Martinelli, Leonardo Melgarejo, Suzi Barletto Cavalli
OBJECTIVE: To explore the effect of the school feeding program purchase criteria on the quantity, variety and origin of food products acquired for school meals in a municipality in Brazil. METHOD: Analysis of purchase lists for two years prior and two years after implementation of the purchase criteria (2010). The origin (family farms (FF)/other providers (OP)) and nutritional characteristics (recommended/controlled) of food products were studied, registering annual varieties (n) and daily quantities (kg/day); contrast of proportions was applied...
October 15, 2016: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756593/development-and-validation-of-a-technology-based-system-for-tracking-and-reporting-dietary-intake-at%C3%A2-school-meals
#20
Bradley M Appelhans, Molly A Martin, Marieli Guzman, Tamara Olinger, Andrew Pleasant, Jennifer Cabe, Lynda H Powell
OBJECTIVE: This report describes the development and validation of a technology-based system that integrates data on food choice, nutrition, and plate waste to generate feedback reports summarizing students' dietary intake at school meals. METHODS: Cafeteria staff used the system to document the school lunch choices of seventh-graders (n = 37) in an urban charter school for 5 months. Plate waste was assessed by research staff using a visual estimation method that was validated against directly weighed plate waste...
October 15, 2016: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
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