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school meals

Cailey Simmons, James M Noble, Ellyn Leighton-Herrmann, Mindy F Hecht, Olajide Williams
BACKGROUND: Community-level determinants of stroke knowledge among children are unknown but could meaningfully impact public stroke education campaigns. We explored for associations between community- and school-level quality measures relative to baseline stroke knowledge among children participating in the Hip Hop Stroke program. METHODS: Baseline stroke knowledge assessments were performed in 2839 fourth-, fifth-, and sixth-grade students (ages 9-11 years) from November 2005 to April 2014...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
Nagah M Abo El-Fetoh, Naif G Alenezi, Nasser G Alshamari, Omar G Alenezi
BACKGROUND: Acne vulgaris is the most common cutaneous disorder affecting adolescents and young adults. Small, noninflamed acne lesions may not be more than a slight nuisance, but, in individuals with more severe inflammatory disease, pain, social embarrassment, and both physical and psychological scarring can be life altering. Despite its high prevalence, no previous community-based studies have been conducted in Arar, northern border of Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, addressing this issue...
September 2016: Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association
Angela A Northrup, Arlene Smaldone
INTRODUCTION: This exploratory study examined maternal attitudes, normative beliefs, subjective norms, and meal selection behaviors of mothers of 2- and 3-year-old children. METHODS: Guided by the Theory of Reasoned Action, we had mothers complete three surveys, two interviews, and a feeding simulation exercise. Data were analyzed using descriptive and bivariate statistics and multivariate linear regression. RESULTS: A total of 31 mothers (50% Latino, 34% Black, 46...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
Suzanne D Baxter, David B Hitchcock, Julie A Royer, Albert F Smith, Caroline H Guinn
BACKGROUND: Validation studies that have directly assessed reporting accuracy for amounts eaten have provided results in various ways. OBJECTIVE: To analyze amount categories of a reporting-error-sensitive approach for insight concerning reporting accuracy for amounts eaten. DESIGN: For a cross-sectional validation study, children were observed eating school-provided breakfast and lunch, and randomized to one of eight 24-hour recall conditions (two retention intervals [short and long] crossed with four prompts [forward, meal name, open, and reverse])...
October 5, 2016: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
Jonathan Cantor, Andrew Breck, Brian Elbel
OBJECTIVES: To determine consumer and fast-food purchase characteristics associated with the purchase of a sugar-sweetened beverage, as well as calories and grams of sugar, for children at a fast-food restaurant. METHODS: We completed cross-sectional analyses of fast-food restaurant receipts and point-of-purchase surveys (n = 483) collected during 2013 and 2014 in New York City and Newark and Jersey City, New Jersey. RESULTS: Caregivers purchased beverages for half of all children in our sample...
November 2016: American Journal of Public Health
S L Rolland, E Treasure, D J Burden, E Fuller, C R Vernazza
Background The 2013 Children's Dental Health Survey is the fifth in a series of national surveys.Aims This paper reports the orthodontic condition of 12- and 15-year-olds and how they and their parents feel about the appearance of their teeth.Methodology A representative sample of children (5y, 8y, 12y, 15y) in England, Wales and Northern Ireland were invited to participate in dental examinations. A modified Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need (IOTN) was used as a measure of orthodontic treatment need for 12- and 15-year-olds...
October 7, 2016: British Dental Journal
Marije Oostindjer, Jessica Aschemann-Witzel, Qing Wang, Silje Elisabeth Skuland, Bjørg Egelandsdal, Gro V Amdam, Alexander Schjøll, Mark C Pachucki, Paul Rozin, Jarrett Stein, Valerie Lengard Almli, Ellen van Kleef
There is little agreement among governments, institutions, scientists and food activists as to how to best tackle the challenging issues of health and sustainability in the food sector. This essay discusses the potential of school meals as a platform to promote healthy and sustainable food behavior. School meal programs are of particular interest for improving public diet because they reach children at a population scale across socio-economic classes and for over a decade of their lives, and because food habits of children are more malleable than those of adults...
August 10, 2016: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
Anna S Olafsdottir, Agneta Hörnell, Marlene Hedelin, Maria Waling, Ingibjörg Gunnarsdottir, Cecilia Olsson
OBJECTIVE: To develop and validate a photographic method aimed at making assessment of dietary intake in school canteens non-obstrusive, practical and feasible. METHODS: The study was conducted in two elementary schools representing two different school canteen systems; main dish being served by canteen staff (Iceland), and complete self-serving (Sweden). Food items in serving and leftovers were weighed and photographed. Trained researchers estimated weights of food items by viewing the photographs and comparing them with pictures of half and full reference portions with known weights...
2016: PloS One
Betty L Kaiser, Gay R Thomas, Barbara J Bowers
Lack of diversity among study participants in clinical research limits progress in eliminating health disparities. The engagement of lay stakeholders, such as patient or community advisory boards (CABs), has the potential to increase recruitment and retention of underrepresented groups by providing a structure for gathering feedback on research plans and materials from this target population. However, many CABs intentionally recruit prominent stakeholders who are connected to or comfortable with research and academia and thus may not accurately represent the perspectives of underrepresented groups who have been labeled hard-to-reach, including racial minorities and low-income or low-literacy populations...
September 30, 2016: Research in Nursing & Health
Timothy Konold, Dewey Cornell, Kathan Shukla, Francis Huang
Research indicates that a positive school climate is associated with higher levels of student engagement and lower rates of peer aggression. However, less attention has been given to whether such findings are consistent across racial/ethnic groups. The current study examined whether Black, Hispanic, and White high school students differed in their perceptions of school climate, student engagement, and peer aggression as measured by the Authoritative School Climate survey. In addition, the study tested whether the associations between school climate and both student engagement and peer aggression varied as a function of racial/ethnic group...
September 23, 2016: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
Dipanwita Sarkar, Jayanta Sarkar
The health impact of attending early childhood development programs in developing countries remains largely unknown. In this study, we focus on the health consequences of attending preschool programs in India. Using a unique longitudinal dataset, we allow for heterogeneity in the impact of preschool across the distribution of health outcomes while controlling for time-invariant unobservables. We detect unique temporal variation in the effect of preschool attendance - growth of preschool attendees is slower than non-attendees in various parts of the distributions of several anthropometric measures when evaluated in the early years between ages 1 and 5...
September 21, 2016: Health Economics
Shahrbanou F Niaki, Carolyn E Moore, Tzu-An Chen, Karen Weber Cullen
BACKGROUND: Children may not receive nutritional benefits from school lunch meals if they do not eat the foods served. OBJECTIVE: This study investigated whether there were differences in school lunch foods consumed and wasted by grade level of elementary school students. DESIGN: In this cross-sectional study, anonymous meal observations were conducted after students selected their reimbursable school lunch meals in the cafeteria lunch line...
September 13, 2016: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
Jounghee Lee, Soyeon Jeong, Gyeongah Ko, Hyunshin Park, Youngsook Ko
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to develop an educational model regarding food safety and nutrition. In particular, we aimed to develop educational materials, such as middle- and high-school textbooks, a teacher's guidebook, and school posters, by applying social cognitive theory. METHODS: To develop a food safety and nutrition education program, we took into account diverse factors influencing an individual's behavior, such as personal, behavioral, and environmental factors, based on social cognitive theory...
August 2016: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
Anastasia Bounova, Maria Michalopoulou, Nikolaos Agelousis, Thomas Kourtessis, Vassilis Gourgoulis
BACKGROUND: Nowadays, the majority of adolescents exceed the AAP guidelines for screen use and this is likely to be a risk factor for obesity. The present study aims at investigating adolescent screen viewing in the context of home and neighborhood environment. METHODS: A sample of 1141 adolescents as well as their parents participated in this survey. Adolescents were asked to complete a questionnaire about time spent on screen viewing behaviors. Respectively, parents completed a questionnaire concerning environmental predictors...
August 24, 2016: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
Zewditu Demissie, Danice K Eaton, Richard Lowry, Allison J Nihiser, Jennifer L Foltz
PURPOSE: To determine the prevalence and correlates of missing meals among adolescents. DESIGN: The 2010 National Youth Physical Activity and Nutrition Study, a cross-sectional study. SETTING: School based. PARTICIPANTS: A nationally representative sample of 11 429 high school students. MEASURES: Breakfast, lunch, and dinner consumption; demographics; measured and perceived weight status; physical activity and sedentary behaviors; and fruit, vegetable, milk, sugar-sweetened beverage, and fast-food intake...
September 13, 2016: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
Ruby A Natale, Sarah E Messiah, Lila S Asfour, Susan B Uhlhorn, Nicole E Englebert, Kristopher L Arheart
PURPOSE: To assess the impact of an early childhood obesity prevention intervention "Healthy Caregivers-Healthy Children" (HC2) on dietary patterns and body mass index percentile (PBMI) over 2 school years. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Childcare centers. PARTICIPANTS: Low-income families. INTERVENTION: Intervention centers (N = 12) received HC2 which consisted of (1) menu modifications, (2) a healthy eating and physical activity curriculum for children, and (3) a parent curriculum for healthy meal preparation, reinforced through a role-modeling curriculum...
September 13, 2016: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
A Evans, N Ranjit, D Hoelscher, C Jovanovic, M Lopez, A McIntosh, M Ory, L Whittlesey, L McKyer, A Kirk, C Smith, C Walton, N I Heredia, J Warren
BACKGROUND: Coordinated, multi-component school-based interventions can improve health behaviors in children, as well as parents, and impact the weight status of students. By leveraging a unique collaboration between Texas AgriLife Extension (a federal, state and county funded educational outreach organization) and the University of Texas School of Public Health, the Texas Grow! Eat! Go! Study (TGEG) modeled the effectiveness of utilizing existing programs and volunteer infrastructure to disseminate an enhanced Coordinated School Health program...
2016: BMC Public Health
Erin R Hager, Diana S Rubio, G Stewart Eidel, Erin S Penniston, Megan Lopes, Brit I Saksvig, Renee E Fox, Maureen M Black
BACKGROUND: Written local wellness policies (LWPs) are mandated in school systems to enhance opportunities for healthy eating/activity. LWP effectiveness relies on school-level implementation. We examined factors associated with school-level LWP implementation. Hypothesized associations included system support for school-level implementation and having a school-level wellness team/school health council (SHC), with stronger associations among schools without disparity enrollment (majority African-American/Hispanic or low-income students)...
October 2016: Journal of School Health
Nalini Sathiakumar, Meghan Tipre, Anne Turner-Henson, Ligong Chen, Mark Leader, Julia Gohlke
PURPOSE: The goal of the study was to characterize risk pertaining to seafood consumption patterns following the Deepwater Horizon oil spill, among school children (K to 4th grade) residing in close proximity to the Gulf of Mexico in Mobile County, Alabama. METHODS: Responses on seafood consumption pattern including the type of seafood and intake rate during the pre and post oil spill periods, from parents of 55 school children from three schools located <20mile radius from the Gulf of Mexico shoreline (coastal group) were compared with those from parents of 55 children from three schools located ≥20miles away from the shoreline (inland group)...
August 26, 2016: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
Charlotte El Evans, Janet E Cade
OBJECTIVE: In England, standards for school meals included both foods and nutrients until 2015. School policies for packed lunches are generally food based; research is needed to determine whether these are adequate or whether a small number of nutrients would potentially improve their quality. DESIGN: From dietary data obtained using a weighed dietary assessment tool, a diet quality score (DQS) for packed lunches was calculated using the number of standards met out of twenty-one (eight foods and thirteen nutrients)...
September 9, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
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