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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324186/association-of-evening-smartphone-use-with-cardiac-autonomic-nervous-activity-after-awakening-in-adolescents-living-in-high-school-dormitories
#1
Yoko Nose, Rina Fujinaga, Maki Suzuki, Ikuyo Hayashi, Toshio Moritani, Kazuhiko Kotani, Narumi Nagai
PURPOSE: Smartphones are prevalently used among adolescents; however, nighttime exposure to blue-enriched light, through electric devices, is known to induce delays of the circadian rhythm phases and poor morning somatic conditions. We therefore investigated whether evening smartphone use may affect sleep-wake cycle and cardiac autonomic nervous system (ANS) activity after awaking in dormitory students. METHODS: The participants were high school students, living under dormitory rules regarding the curfew, study, meals, lights-out, and wake-up times...
March 21, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318482/cross-sectional-analysis-of-eating-patterns-and-snacking-in-the-us-feeding-infants-and-toddlers-study-2008
#2
Denise M Deming, Kathleen C Reidy, Mary Kay Fox, Ronette R Briefel, Emma Jacquier, Alison L Eldridge
OBJECTIVE: To explore eating patterns and snacking among US infants, toddlers and pre-school children. DESIGN: The Feeding Infants and Toddlers Study (FITS) 2008 was a cross-sectional national survey of children aged 6-47 months, weighted to reflect US age and racial/ethnic distributions. Dietary data were collected using one multiple-pass 24h recall. Eating occasions were categorized as meals, snacks or other (comprised of all feedings of breast milk and/or infant formula)...
March 20, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303707/assessment-of-nutritional-habits-and-preferences-among-secondary-school-students
#3
Paulina Duma-Kocan, Barbara Barud, Elżbieta Głodek, Marian Gil
Background: Appropriate nutrition is one of the most important factors affecting the proper development of man, nutritional status and maintaining good health. Adolescence is a period of development of skills of self-determination and self-realization, also in the case of nutrition. Children and school-age youth are the group most vulnerable to the effects of incorrect nutrition. The way of nutrition during this period determines psychophysical and emotional development, effectiveness in learning process and has influence on health in adulthood...
2017: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294700/food-intake-and-appetite-following-school-based-high-intensity-interval-training-in-9-11-year-old-children
#4
Anna Morris, Robert Cramb, Caroline J Dodd-Reynolds
Using a randomised cross-over design, free-living lunch intake and subjective appetite were examined in 10 children (9.8 ± 0.6 years) following high-intensity interval training (HIIT) versus a control sedentary (SED) period, within a school setting. The 22-min HIIT took place during a regular PE lesson and consisted of two rounds of 4 × 30 s sprints. Foods were offered at a regular school lunch immediately following HIIT and SED and were matched between conditions. All food was covertly weighed before and after the meal...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283217/adolescents-with-at-risk-eating-and-lifestyle-behaviors-are-affected-by-after-school-schedules-across-the-clinical-weight-spectrum
#5
Leanna F Perez, Carla K Miller, Judith A Groner
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate adolescent lifestyle patterns to develop more effective health promotion programs. METHODS: An interview approach was employed to gain in-depth understanding of eating and activity behaviors. Adolescents aged 13-18 years (n=43) from clinically normal and obese weight categories were enrolled. Nutrient intake and food group servings were obtained from a food frequency questionnaire. RESULTS: Four participant subgroups were identified and labeled: "Idle, Engaged, Balanced and Working...
March 6, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283044/fun-influence-and-competence-a-mixed-methods-study-of-prerequisites-for-high-school-students-participation-in-physical-education
#6
Eirik Abildsnes, Gudrun Rohde, Sveinung Berntsen, Tonje H Stea
BACKGROUND: Many adolescents do not reach the recommended levels of physical activity (PA), and students attending vocational studies are less committed to take part in physical education (PE) than other students. The purpose of the present study was twofold: 1) to examine differences in physical activity, diet, smoking habits, sleep and screen time among Norwegian vocational high school students who selected either a PE model focusing on PA skills, technique and improvement of physical performance ("Sports enjoyment") or more on health, play and having fun when participating in PE lessons ("Motion enjoyment"), and 2) to explore the students' experiences with PE programs...
March 10, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277028/targeting-hispanic-adolescents-with-outdoor-food-beverage-advertising-around-schools
#7
A L Herrera, K E Pasch
OBJECTIVES: Although some research has focused on the food environment and food marketing, little has examined outdoor food and beverage (FB) advertising, particularly its relationship to the Hispanic composition in schools. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to determine if the prevalence of outdoor FB advertising was greater around middle and high schools with a majority Hispanic population as compared to schools with a lower Hispanic population. DESIGN: All FB advertisements located within a half-mile of 47 schools in Central Texas were documented...
February 9, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261577/self-reported-perceptions-of-weight-and-eating-behavior-of-school-children-in-sunderland-england
#8
REVIEW
Alison McInnes, David Blackwell
The main aim of this study was to determine the self-reported perceptions of weight and eating behaviors of school-age children in Sunderland in the North East of England. The results presented are derived from data collected by a Health-Related Behaviour Survey developed by Schools and Students Health Education Unit at Exeter University, and this study is based on analysis of the data set collected for Sunderland. A total of 12,213 pupils from nine secondary schools completed the questionnaire biennially from 1996 to 2012...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259246/how-school-climate-relates-to-chronic-absence-a-multi-level-latent-profile-analysis
#9
Kathryn Van Eck, Stacy R Johnson, Amie Bettencourt, Sarah Lindstrom Johnson
Chronic absence is a significant problem in schools. School climate may play an important role in influencing chronic absence rates among schools, yet little research has evaluated how school climate constructs relate to chronic absence. Using multilevel latent profile analysis, we evaluated how profiles of student perceptions of school climate at both the student and school level differentiated school-level rates of chronic absence. Participants included 25,776 middle and high school students from 106 schools who completed a district administered school climate survey...
April 2017: Journal of School Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244710/meal-services-after-the-great-east-japan-earthquake-at-nursery-schools-in-a-tsunami-affected-town-focus-group-observations
#10
Yukiko Amitani, Noriko Sudo, Nobuyo Tsuboyama-Kasaoka, Fumiko Ishikawa, Kazuko Sako
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to collect information on experiences in the Great East Japan Earthquake (hereafter, 3.11), current preparedness, and barriers to building up stockpiles in nursery schools in affected areas. Based on the needs heard from the staff, we decided what contents should be included in our manual developed with the Japan Dietetic Association. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: A group interview was held in September 2012. We interviewed a principal, nurses, and registered dietitians working for a public and a private nursery school in Town A...
March 2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28235618/consumer-underestimation-of-sodium-in-fast-food-restaurant-meals-results-from-a-cross-sectional-observational-study
#11
Alyssa J Moran, Maricelle Ramirez, Jason P Block
Restaurants are key venues for reducing sodium intake in the U.S. but little is known about consumer perceptions of sodium in restaurant foods. This study quantifies the difference between estimated and actual sodium content of restaurant meals and examines predictors of underestimation in adult and adolescent diners at fast food restaurants. In 2013 and 2014, meal receipts and questionnaires were collected from adults and adolescents dining at six restaurant chains in four New England cities. The sample included 993 adults surveyed during 229 dinnertime visits to 44 restaurants and 794 adolescents surveyed during 298 visits to 49 restaurants after school or at lunchtime...
February 21, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225910/products-purchased-from-family-farming-for-school-meals-in-the-cities-of-rio-grande-do-sul
#12
Daniele Ferigollo, Vanessa Ramos Kirsten, Dienifer Heckler, Oscar Agustín Torres Figueredo, Julian Perez-Cassarino, Rozane Márcia Triches
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to verify the adequacy profile of the cities of the State of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, in relation to the purchase of products of family farming by the Programa Nacional de Alimentação Escolar (PNAE - National Program of School Meals). METHODS: This is a quantitative descriptive study, with secondary data analysis (public calls-to-bid). The sample consisted of approximately 10% (n = 52) of the cities in the State, establishing a representation by mesoregion and size of the population...
February 16, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210748/risk-factors-associated-with-abdominal-obesity-in-suburban-adolescents-from-a-malaysian-district
#13
Wai Fong Chew, Pooi Pooi Leong, Sook Fan Yap, A Malik Yasmin, Kong Bung Choo, Gary Kim Kuan Low, Nem Yun Boo
INTRODUCTION: We aimed to determine the risk factors associated with abdominal obesity (AO) in suburban adolescents. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included adolescents aged 15-17 years from five randomly selected secondary schools in the Hulu Langat district of Selangor State, Malaysia. Waist circumference (WC) was measured at the midpoint between the lower margin of last palpable rib and the top of iliac crest. Information on sociodemographic data, dietary habits, physical activity levels and duration of sleep was obtained via interviewer-administered questionnaires...
February 17, 2017: Singapore Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207380/turning-the-curve-on-obesity-prevalence-among-fifth-graders-in-the-los-angeles-unified-school-district-2001-2013
#14
Amanda Kamali, Heena Hameed, Margaret Shih, Paul Simon
INTRODUCTION: After multiple decades of increasing childhood obesity prevalence in the United States, findings from recent studies suggest that prevalence has leveled or is decreasing in some populations. However, demographic and socioeconomic disparities in prevalence remain and may be increasing. METHODS: To assess recent trends and disparities in childhood obesity prevalence in Los Angeles County, we analyzed data from 2001 through 2013 in fifth graders in the Los Angeles Unified School District (LAUSD)...
February 16, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207338/nutritional-economic-and-environmental-costs-of-milk-waste-in-a-classroom-school-breakfast-program
#15
Stacy A Blondin, Sean B Cash, Jeanne P Goldberg, Timothy S Griffin, Christina D Economos
OBJECTIVES: To measure fluid milk waste in a US School Breakfast in the Classroom Program and estimate its nutritional, economic, and environmental effects. METHODS: Fluid milk waste was directly measured on 60 elementary school classroom days in a medium-sized, urban district. The US Department of Agriculture nutrition database, district cost data, and carbon dioxide equivalent (CO2e) emissions and water footprint estimates for fluid milk were used to calculate the associated nutritional, economic, and environmental costs...
April 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196640/risk-of-mental-health-problems-in-adolescents-skipping-meals-the-korean-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2010-to-2012
#16
Gyungjoo Lee, Kyungdo Han, Hyunju Kim
BACKGROUND: Adolescents frequently skip meals, doing so even more than once per day. This is associated with more mental health problems. PURPOSE: This study identified mental health problems' associations with skipping meals and the frequency thereof among adolescents. METHODS: This cross-sectional population-based study used a data set of 1,413 adolescents from the 2010 to 2012 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Hierarchical multivariable logistic regression was conducted to determine the risk of mental health problems, including stress, depressive mood, and suicidal ideation in relation to skipping meals and the frequency thereof per day...
January 20, 2017: Nursing Outlook
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174038/fourth-grade-children-s-dietary-reporting-accuracy-by-meal-component-results-from-a-validation-study-that-manipulated-retention-interval-and-prompts
#17
Suzanne D Baxter, David B Hitchcock, Julie A Royer, Albert F Smith, Caroline H Guinn
We examined reporting accuracy by meal component (beverage, bread, breakfast meat, combination entrée, condiment, dessert, entrée, fruit, vegetable) with validation-study data on 455 fourth-grade children (mean age = 9.92 ± 0.41 years) observed eating school meals and randomized to one of eight dietary recall conditions (two retention intervals [short, long] crossed with four prompts [forward, meal-name, open, reverse]). Accuracy category (match [observed and reported], omission [observed but unreported], intrusion [unobserved but reported]) was a polytomous nominal item response variable...
February 5, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168692/risk-factors-in-the-development-of-behaviour-difficulties-among-students-with-special-educational-needs-and-disabilities-a-multilevel-analysis
#18
Jeremy Oldfield, Neil Humphrey, Judith Hebron
BACKGROUND: Students with special educational needs and disabilities (SEND) are more likely to exhibit behaviour difficulties than their typically developing peers. AIM: The aim of this study was to identify specific risk factors that influence variability in behaviour difficulties among individuals with SEND. SAMPLE: The study sample comprised 4,228 students with SEND, aged 5-15, drawn from 305 primary and secondary schools across England...
February 7, 2017: British Journal of Educational Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166788/motivational-theater-to-increase-consumption-of-vegetable-dishes-by-preschool-children
#19
Theresa Nicklas, Sandra Lopez, Yan Liu, Rabab Saab, Robert Reiher
BACKGROUND: By 3 years of age, many children have developed a dislike for certain foods, particularly vegetables. Seventy-five percent of young children consume less than the recommended levels for vegetables. The objective of this randomized feasibility intervention was to demonstrate the impact of an innovative approach to increase consumption of vegetable dishes by minority preschool children attending Head Start. The specific aims included the collection of data to assess feasibility and efficacy of the intervention...
February 7, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163563/testing-a-brief-substance-misuse-preventive-intervention-for-parents-of-pre-adolescents-feasibility-acceptability-preliminary-efficacy
#20
Margie R Skeer, Konstantina E Yantsides, Misha Eliasziw, Allison Carlton-Smith, Migdalia Tracy, Anthony Spirito
Evidence-based interventions to reduce substance misuse among adolescents are resource and time intensive. We conducted a pilot RCT to evaluate a novel, adaptable, and resource-efficient substance misuse preventive intervention for parents/guardians, focusing on talking with children about substance use and on eating family meals. We randomized 70 parents of children in third-through-sixth grades within a large, urban public school system in New England to the intervention or control condition. Over a six-month follow-up period, we assessed feasibility and acceptability of the intervention and examined frequency of parent-child conversations about alcohol, marijuana, and other drugs, and frequency and duration of family meals...
December 2016: Journal of Child and Family Studies
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