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school meals

Lauren E Au, Klara Gurzo, Wendi Gosliner, Karen L Webb, Patricia B Crawford, Lorrene D Ritchie
BACKGROUND: Research on the association between school meal consumption and overall dietary intake post-Healthy Hunger-Free Kids Act implementation is limited. OBJECTIVE: This study examines the association between frequency of participating in the National School Lunch and School Breakfast Programs and children's dietary intakes. DESIGN: The Healthy Communities Study was a cross-sectional observational study conducted between 2013 and 2015...
March 16, 2018: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
Tiffany G Munzer, Alison L Miller, Karen E Peterson, Holly E Brophy-Herb, Mildred A Horodynski, Dawn Contreras, Julie Sturza, Julie C Lumeng, Jenny Radesky
OBJECTIVE: Excessive screen media exposure in childhood is associated with parent-reported self-regulation difficulties. No studies have used laboratory-based or teacher-reported measures of child self-regulatory behaviors. This study examines cross-sectional associations between preschooler screen media exposure and multiple measures of self-regulatory behaviors. METHODS: Preintervention data were used from 541 preschoolers in the Growing Healthy study, an obesity prevention trial (2011-2015)...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
Akiyoshi Shimura, Sakai Hideo, Yoshikazu Takaesu, Ryota Nomura, Yoko Komada, Takeshi Inoue
OBJECTIVE: Sleep affects adolescents in various ways. However, the effects of multiple factors on sleep hygiene remain unclear. A comprehensive assessment of the effects of life habits on sleep in high-school students was conducted. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of 344 high school students (age range 15-17; 171 boys, 173 girls) in Tokyo, Japan was conducted in 2015. Complete responses were provided by 294 students. Demographic variables, Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), diurnal type scale, Pediatric Daytime Sleepiness Scale (PDSS), and life habits such as dinnertime, viewing electronic displays, caffeine intake, sunlight in the morning, and the brightness of the room in the night were asked...
April 2018: Sleep Medicine
Michael McKay, Ashley Agus, Jonathan Cole, Paul Doherty, David Foxcroft, Séamus Harvey, Lynn Murphy, Andrew Percy, Harry Sumnall
OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness of a combined classroom curriculum and parental intervention (the Steps Towards Alcohol Misuse Prevention Programme (STAMPP)), compared with alcohol education as normal (EAN), in reducing self-reported heavy episodic drinking (HED) and alcohol-related harms (ARHs) in adolescents. SETTING: 105 high schools in Northern Ireland (NI) and in Scotland. PARTICIPANTS: Schools were stratified by free school meal provision...
March 9, 2018: BMJ Open
Veni Kandasamy, Ashley H Hirai, Reem M Ghandour, Michael D Kogan
OBJECTIVE: Flourishing reflects positive mental health and thriving and is important for children's development and well-being. Few national studies of flourishing among school-aged children exist. Exposure to socioeconomic disadvantage is negatively associated with social and health outcomes, including flourishing. This analysis describes independent associations of the child, family, school, and neighborhood factors with flourishing, which we hypothesized may contribute to sociodemographic disparities...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
Anna Galczak-Kondraciuk, Paweł Stempel, Jan Czeczelewski
Background: Children and youth constitute a group that is particularly prone to the effects of improper diet. In the puberty period, numerous significant lifestyle choices are made, for instance regarding particular nutritional behaviours which may be repeated later in life and may determine the state of health. Objective: The aim of the study was to assess nutritional behaviours of children aged 7-12 attending to primary schools in Biala Podlaska county (Eastern Region of Poland)...
2018: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
Naruna Pereira Rocha, Mariana De Santis Filgueiras, Fernanda Martins de Albuquerque, Luana Cupertino Milagres, Ana Paula Pereira Castro, Mariane Alves Silva, Glauce Dias da Costa, Silvia Eloiza Priore, Juliana Farias de Novaes
OBJECTIVE To analyze the implementation of the Brazilian National School Feeding Program as a food and nutritional security policy in public schools. METHODS This a cross-sectional study, with a quantitative and qualitative approach, carried out with 268 schoolchildren aged eight to nine years from the public school system of Viçosa, state of Minas Gerais, Brazil, in 2015. Interviews were carried out using semi-structured questionnaires with the children, parents, cooks, nutritionists, trainer of the Technical Assistance and Rural Extension Company, and president of the School Feeding Council...
2018: Revista de Saúde Pública
Katelyn M Godin, Ashok Chaurasia, David Hammond, Scott T Leatherdale
OBJECTIVES: To examine whether several food purchasing behaviors (ie, sources of meals or snacks) are associated with adolescents' sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption and whether these associations vary by province. DESIGN: Cross-sectional observational study. SETTING: Alberta and Ontario, Canada. PARTICIPANTS: Secondary school students from Alberta (n = 3,300) and Ontario (n = 37,999) participating in year 2 (2013-2014) of the Cannabis Use, Obesity, Mental Health, Physical Activity, Alcohol Use, Smoking, Sedentary Behavior (COMPASS) study...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
Katina Handeland, Siv Skotheim, Valborg Baste, Ingvild E Graff, Livar Frøyland, Øyvind Lie, Marian Kjellevold, Maria W Markhus, Kjell M Stormark, Jannike Øyen, Lisbeth Dahl
BACKGROUND: Adolescence involves changes in dietary habits that may induce imbalances in the intake of different nutrients. Fish is an important dietary source of omega-3 (n-3) long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFAs), vitamin D, several minerals and high-quality protein. By using secondary outcomes and exploratory analyses, the aims of this paper were to evaluate if nutritional biomarkers (red blood cell fatty acids, serum (s)-25(OH)D, s-ferritin and urinary iodine concentration (UIC)) were altered during a dietary intervention, and if they mediated previously reported changes in attention performance...
February 23, 2018: Nutrition Journal
Zhou Qi, Liu Ya-Peng, Li Li
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the status of knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) of foodborne parasitic diseases among middle school students in Xuzhou City, so as to provide a reference to the health education. METHODS: A total of four middle schools were selected and their students were investigated with the basic information questionnaire and questions of foodborne parasitic diseases. RESULTS: The awareness rates of parasitic diseases, hazards and transmission were 56...
December 26, 2017: Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control
M Fontcuberta-Famadas, G Serral, M J López, P Balfagón, E García-Cid, L Caballé-Gavaldà
BACKGROUND: An intervention to promote the development of an allergen control plan (ACP) and preventive measures for the management of allergens in school food services was implemented in all schools of Barcelona city over a three-year period (2013-2015) by the public health services. The present study aimed to assess changes regarding the management of food allergens in school food services in Barcelona after an intervention conducted by the public health services of the city. METHODS: School meal operators of a random sample of 117 schools were assessed before and after the intervention using a structured questionnaire...
February 15, 2018: Allergologia et Immunopathologia
Brian E Roe, John W Apolzan, Danyi Qi, H Raymond Allen, Corby K Martin
We analyze food-item level data collected from 50 adults from the United States using the Remote Food Photography Method® to provide the first estimates of plate waste gathered from adults across multiple consecutive meals and days in free-living conditions, and during laboratory-based meals with fixed food items and quantities. We find average plate waste in free-living conditions is 5.6 grams (7.7 kcals) per item and that 3.3% of all food selected is returned as plate waste, where the percent waste figure is substantially lower than previously published plate waste estimates gathered primarily from dine-out settings in the United States such as buffets and institutional settings with limited-choice meals (e...
2018: PloS One
Florent Vieux, Christophe Dubois, Christelle Duchêne, Nicole Darmon
In France, school meals must comply with 15 frequency criteria (FC) expressed as nutritional requirements (e.g., "starters containing more than 15% fat served no more than four times out of 20") in a series of 20 consecutive meals. The objective was to assess, for the first time, the nutritional impact of complying with French school food FC. Based on 40 series of meals actually served in primary schools ("observed series"), several scenarios (1600 series per scenario) of compliance or non-compliance with FC were simulated, and nutritional quality was assessed via the mean adequacy ratio (MAR/2000 kcal)...
February 13, 2018: Nutrients
Takako Shirasawa, Hirotaka Ochiai, Takahiko Yoshimoto, Masaaki Matoba, Yuma Sunaga, Hiromi Hoshino, Akatsuki Kokaze
BACKGROUND: The decrease in the frequency of family meals among Asian youth is often lamented. In Japan, adolescents who eat breakfast alone might have an unhealthy diet, which increases the risk of overweight or obese. However, there are few studies on the relationship between eating dinner alone and overweight in Japanese adolescents. Here, we investigated if eating dinner alone is associated with being overweight in Japanese adolescents of each sex. METHODS: The participants consisted of 890 seventh graders (12-13 years of age) from the junior high schools of Ina, Japan who were recruited from 2011 to 2012...
February 7, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
Boris Vrga, Tatjana Vrga
What has been researched and reconstructed, based on archival documents and data from professional literature, is the activity of the State school-polyclinic in Petrinja, from its foundation in 1925 to its termination in 1945. Key figures taking part in its activity have also been highlighted. Founded as one of the first school-polyclinics in Croatia, the State school-polyclinic in Petrinja developed complete preventive and curative health activities aimed at school population in Petrinja as well as at pupils from the village schools in Petrinja County...
December 2017: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
Sharon Cameron, Nicky Chong-White, Kiri Mealings, Tim Beechey, Harvey Dillon, Taegan Young
BACKGROUND: Intensity peaks and valleys in the acoustic signal are salient cues to syllable structure, which is accepted to be a crucial early step in phonological processing. As such, the ability to detect low-rate (envelope) modulations in signal amplitude is essential to parse an incoming speech signal into smaller phonological units. PURPOSE: The Parsing Syllable Envelopes (ParSE) test was developed to quantify the ability of children to recognize syllable boundaries using an amplitude modulation detection paradigm...
February 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
Sharon Cameron, Nicky Chong-White, Kiri Mealings, Tim Beechey, Harvey Dillon, Taegan Young
BACKGROUND: Previous research suggests that a proportion of children experiencing reading and listening difficulties may have an underlying primary deficit in the way that the central auditory nervous system analyses the perceptually important, rapidly varying, formant frequency components of speech. PURPOSE: The Phoneme Identification Test (PIT) was developed to investigate the ability of children to use spectro-temporal cues to perceptually categorize speech sounds based on their rapidly changing formant frequencies...
February 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
Emmanuela Magriplis, Paul Farajian, Demosthenes B Panagiotakos, Grigoris Risvas, Antonis Zampelas
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Numerous factors have been associated with the increase in childhood overweight and obesity, including environmental, dietary and behavioral. The latter have been associated with unhealthy eating behaviors but studies of their relation to dietary patterns are limited. Dietary patterns serve as a better means to evaluate children's diet and risk of obesity and therefore the aim of the study was to examine the relationship of behavioral factors with a specific dietary pattern developed for children (child derived Food Index (cdFI)), and to assess how behavioral and diet are related to children's weight status when addressed together in a model...
February 2, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Issarapong Kaewkamnerdpong, Sudaduang Krisdapong
Creating supportive oral health-related environments in schools is an important strategy for promoting schoolchildren's oral health. This study determined the associations between school environments and children's oral behaviour and dental caries. The data on school oral health-related environments were obtained through observation and interviews. Oral behaviour and dental caries data were collected through interviews and oral examinations of 984 sixth grade children. χ2 and multiple logistic regression, adjusted for sociodemographic and economic status, other school environment variables, and oral behaviour were used...
January 23, 2018: Caries Research
Modiehi Heather Sedibe, Pedro T Pisa, Alison B Feeley, Titilola M Pedro, Kathleen Kahn, Shane A Norris
The aim of this study was to investigate differences/similarities in dietary habits and eating practices between younger and older, rural and urban South African adolescents in specific environments (home, community and school) and their associations with overweight and obesity. Dietary habits, eating practices, and anthropometric measurements were performed on rural (n = 392, mean age = 13 years) and urban (n = 3098, mean age = 14 years) adolescents. Logistic regression analysis was used to examine the associations between dietary habits and eating practices, with overweight and obesity risk...
January 29, 2018: Nutrients
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