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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526669/development-of-an-evidence-informed-blog-to-promote-healthy-eating-among-mothers-use-of-the-intervention-mapping-protocol
#1
Audrée-Anne Dumas, Simone Lemieux, Annie Lapointe, Véronique Provencher, Julie Robitaille, Sophie Desroches
BACKGROUND: Low adherence to dietary guidelines and a concurrent rise of obesity-related chronic diseases emphasize the need for effective interventions to promote healthy eating. There is growing recognition that behavior change interventions should draw on theories of behavior change. Online interventions grounded in theory lead to increased effectiveness for health behavior change; however, few theory-driven social media-based health promotion interventions have been described in the literature...
May 19, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521735/exercise-and-eating-habits-among-urban-adolescents-a-cross-sectional-study-in-kolkata-india
#2
Soumitra Kumar, Saumitra Ray, Debabrata Roy, Kajal Ganguly, Sibananda Dutta, Tanmay Mahapatra, Sanchita Mahapatra, Kinnori Gupta, Kaushik Chakraborty, Mrinal Kanti Das, Santanu Guha, Pradip K Deb, Amal K Banerjee
BACKGROUND: Unhealthy eating and lack of exercise during adolescence culminated into earlier onset and increasing burden of atherosclerotic cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) worldwide. Among urban Indian adolescents, prevalence of these risk factors of CVD seemed to be high, but data regarding their pattern and predictors was limited. To address this dearth of information, a survey was conducted among urban adolescent school-students in Kolkata, a highly populated metro city in eastern India...
May 18, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515069/mendelian-randomization-shows-sex-specific-associations-between-long-chain-pufa-related-genotypes-and-cognitive-performance-in-danish-schoolchildren
#3
Lotte Lauritzen, Louise B Sørensen, Laurine B Harsløf, Christian Ritz, Ken D Stark, Arne Astrup, Camilla B Dyssegaard, Niels Egelund, Kim F Michaelsen, Camilla T Damsgaard
Background: Dietary and endogenously formed long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFAs) are hypothesized to improve cognitive development, but results are inconclusive, with suggestions of sex specificity. One study suggested that single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) rs1535 and rs174448 in the fatty acid desaturase (FADS) gene cluster have opposite effects on erythrocyte LCPUFAs at 9 mo.Objective: To explore whether SNPs in FADS and elongase (ELOVL) genes were associated with school performance in a sex-specific manner, we performed a Mendelian randomization study using data from the Optimal well-being, development and health for Danish children through a healthy New Nordic Diet (OPUS) School Meal Study with 765 Danish schoolchildren 8-11 y old...
May 17, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487248/associations-between-selected-dietary-behaviours-and-academic-achievement-a-study-of-australian-school-aged-children
#4
Tracy Burrows, Sharni Goldman, Richard K Olson, Brian Byrne, William L Coventry
BACKGROUND: Research investigating the effects of dietary behaviours on children's academic achievement has predominately focused on breakfast consumption. The aim of this study was to conduct secondary analysis to examine associations between a range of dietary behaviours and children's academic achievement. METHODOLOGY: Data on five dietary variables (fruit intake; vegetable intake; consumption of takeaway; sugar sweetened beverages; and breakfast) and scores in the five domains of a standardised academic achievement test known as NAPLAN (reading, writing, grammar/punctuation, spelling and numeracy) were obtained for Australian children aged 8-15 years in school grades three (n = 1185), five (n = 1147), seven (n = 1053) and nine (n = 860)...
May 6, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482855/motivation-and-obstacles-for-weight-management-among-young-women-a-qualitative-study-with-a-public-health-focus-the-troms%C3%A3-study-fit-futures
#5
Anne-Sofie Sand, Nina Emaus, Olaug S Lian
BACKGROUND: Due to a worldwide increase in overweight and obesity, weight-management through lifestyle changes has become an important public health issue. Adolescents and young adults comprise a vulnerable group. The transition into adulthood represents a stage in life when establishing good lifestyle habits for the future is important. The aim of this study was to explore motivation and obstacles for weight reduction, weight maintenance and healthy lifestyle choices in young women. METHODS: We conducted semi-structured in depth interviews with 12 young women, both overweight and normal weight, recruited from a school-based population survey...
May 8, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444059/-anthropometric-profile-of-children-in-accordance-with-the-structure-of-daycare-centers
#6
Dixis Figueroa Pedraza
The scope of this article is to evaluate the structure of public daycare centers and the anthropometric profile of children in the city of Campina Grande in the State of Paraíba, Brazil. It is a cross-sectional study that involved 793 children attended in daycare centers. Information to describe the daycare centers were included (structure related to the capacity of demand and the processing power of school meals, reception system of children, location area) and the anthropometric status of the children (Height/Age, Weight/Height)...
April 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432007/caloric-compensation-in-preschool-children-relationships-with-body-mass-and-differences-by-food-category
#7
S Carnell, L Benson, E L Gibson, L A Mais, S Warkentin
Maintaining a healthy weight may involve compensating for previously consumed calories at subsequent meals. To test whether heavier children demonstrated poorer caloric compensation across a range of conditions, and to explore whether compensation failure was the result of inadequate adjustment of overall intake or specific over-consumption of highly palatable, high energy-density 'junk' foods, we administered two compensation tests to a sample of 4-5 y olds. For Test A, preloads varied only in carbohydrate content and were organoleptically indistinguishable (200 ml orange-flavored beverage [0 kcal vs...
April 19, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422600/effect-of-a-school-based-supervised-tooth-brushing-program-in-mexico-city-a-cluster-randomized-intervention
#8
S Aída Borges-Yáñez, Roberto Carlos Castrejón-Pérez, María Esther Irigoyen Camacho
Large-scale school-based programs effectively provide health education and preventive strategies. SaludARTE is a school-based program, including supervised tooth brushing, implemented in 51 elementary schools in Mexico City. OBJECTIVES: To assess the three-month efficacy of supervised tooth brushing in reducing dental plaque, gingival inflammation, and bleeding on probing in schoolchildren participating in SaludARTE. STUDY DESIGN: This was a pragmatic cluster randomized intervention, with two parallel branches...
2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420546/facilitating-fresh-state-laws-supporting-school-gardens-are-associated-with-use-of-garden-grown-produce-in-school-nutrition-services-programs
#9
Lindsey Turner, Julien Leider, Elizabeth Piekarz, Rebecca M Schermbeck, Caitlin Merlo, Nancy Brener, Jamie F Chriqui
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether state laws are associated with the presence of school gardens and the use of garden-grown produce in school nutrition services programs. DESIGN: Nationally representative data from the School Health Policies and Practices Study 2014 were combined with objectively coded state law data regarding school gardens. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Outcomes were: (1) the presence of a school garden at each school (n = 419 schools), and (2) the use of garden-grown items in the school nutrition services program...
April 15, 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415846/is-urban-rural-location-associated-with-weight-status-in-school-children-an-examination-of-42-small-and-rural-californian-counties
#10
Ron Strochlic, Lauren E Au, Lorrene Ritchie
INTRODUCTON: Studies have identified geographic variation in overweight and obesity rates among children, with higher rates of overweight and obesity often found among children living in rural compared to urban areas. A small number of studies have explored differences in overweight and obesity based on more nuanced gradations along the urban-rural continuum. The purpose of the present study was to identify differences in overweight and obesity based on gradations along the urban-rural continuum among children in 42 Californian counties with populations less than 500 000...
April 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414938/violence-against-children-perpetrated-by-peers-a-cross-sectional-school-based-survey-in-uganda
#11
Stephen Ojiambo Wandera, Kelly Clarke, Louise Knight, Elizabeth Allen, Eddy Walakira, Sophie Namy, Dipak Naker, Karen Devries
Violence against children by peers is a global public health problem. We aimed to assess factors associated with peer violence victimization among primary school children in Uganda. We conducted multilevel multivariable logistic regression analyses of cross-sectional data from 3706 primary students in 42 Ugandan primary schools. Among primary school students, 29% and 34% had ever experienced physical and emotional violence perpetrated by their peers, respectively. Factors strongly associated with both physical and emotional violence were similar and overlapping, and included exposure to interparental violence, having an attitude supportive of violence against children from school staff, not living with biological parents, working for payment, and higher SDQ score...
April 14, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412825/family-dinner-frequency-is-inversely-related-to-mental-disorders-and-obesity-in-adolescents-the-caspian-iii-study
#12
Fahimeh Haghighatdoost, Roya Kelishadi, Mostafa Qorbani, Ramin Heshmat, Mohammad Esmaeil Motlagh, Gelayol Ardalan, Leila Azadbakht
PURPOSE: Family dinner is a proxy of family connectedness that may affect mental health. The present study aimed to examine the associations of frequency of family dinner with mental disorders and obesity in a nationally-representative sample of Iranian adolescents. METHODS: A total of 5528 Iranians adolescents aged 10-18 years were enrolled in 2009-2010 in the third survey of a national surveillance program, entitled Childhood and Adolescence Surveillance and Prevention of Adult Non-communicable disease (CASPIAN-III) study...
April 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412185/coexistence-of-risk-behaviors-for-being-overweight-among-brazilian-adolescents
#13
Nathália Luíza Ferreira, Rafael Moreira Claro, Sueli Aparecida Mingoti, Aline Cristine Souza Lopes
This study aimed to evaluate the magnitude of and the factors associated with the coexistence of risk behaviors for being overweight among Brazilian adolescents. This is a cross-sectional study with a representative sample of adolescents (mostly aged 13-15years) enrolled from public and private schools of Brazil in 2012. The co-occurring sedentary behavior and inadequate food consumption (regular intake of sugary and fried foods, and irregular consumption of fruits and vegetables-FV) was estimated using a Venn diagram...
April 13, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409091/pilot-survey-of-a-novel-incentive-to-promote-healthy-behavior-among-school-children-and-their-parents
#14
Byung-Kwang Yoo, Takuya Hasebe, Minchul Kim, Tomoko Sasaki, Dennis M Styne
Reversing the obesity epidemic has been a persistent global public health challenge, particularly among low socioeconomic status populations and racial/ethnic minorities. We developed a novel concept of community-based incentives to approach this problem in such communities. Applying this concept, we proposed a school intervention to promote obesity prevention in the U.S. We conducted a pilot survey to explore attitudes towards this future intervention. The survey was collected as a nonprobability sample (N = 137 school-aged children (5-12 years)) in northern California in July 2013...
June 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404471/waterpipe-tobacco-smoking-prevalence-and-illegal-underage-use-in-waterpipe-serving-premises-a-cross-sectional-analysis-among-schoolchildren-in-stoke-on-trent
#15
M Jawad, C McIver
OBJECTIVES: Waterpipe tobacco smoking has received little epidemiological and policy attention in the UK despite reports of increasing prevalence alongside an anecdotally non-compliant industry. This study aimed to determine how waterpipe tobacco smoking is changing among young people in the UK, both in terms of prevalence and sociodemographic correlates of use, and to quantify the extent of illegal underage use in waterpipe-serving premises in the UK. STUDY DESIGN: Repeat cross-sectional...
February 4, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389138/preschool-children-s-sensitivity-to-teacher-served-portion-size-is-linked-to-age-related-differences-in-leftovers
#16
Keri McCrickerd, Claudia Leong, Ciaran G Forde
A strong predictor of children's food intake at a meal is the amount they are served, and with a high percentage children attending preschool, there is a need to consider the relationship between portion size and intake in this context. In a two-part repeated measures study we investigated whether the portions teachers serve to children i) differ from those children would serve themselves and ii) impact food intake at a local preschool in Singapore. Part 1 (n = 37, 20 boys, 3.0-6.8 years) compared the quantity of food served, consumed and leftover across three serving methods: 'regular' teacher-serving; child self-served portions; and a deliberately large portion served by the teacher (150% of each child's average previous gram intake)...
April 5, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382838/potato-chips-cookies-and-candy-oh-my-public-commentary-on-proposed-rules-regulating-competitive-foods
#17
Lauren M Dinour, Antoinette Pole
BACKGROUND: The Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act of 2010 authorizes the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) to establish nutritional standards for all foods sold in schools participating in federally funded meal programs. These foods, known as competitive foods, are commonly found in school cafeterias, vending machines, fundraisers, and snack bars and are associated with unhealthy dietary patterns. However, little is known about the regulatory process and opportunities for public participation to improve school food...
April 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382664/patterns-in-vegetable-consumption-implications-for-tailored-school-meal-interventions
#18
Marietta Orlowski, Miryoung Lee, William Spears, Roopsi Narayan, Rebecca S Pobocik, Julie Kennel, Erin Krafka, Susan Patton
BACKGROUND: Vegetable consumption is a challenging behavioral target; consumption rates are below recommended levels and when interventions produce improvements, increases in vegetable consumption are typically a fraction of the change in fruit consumption. We describe vegetable consumption within Ohio school meals and examine how fruit selection, the more popular item, impacts vegetable consumption. METHODS: Fruit and vegetable waste was collected on 11,250 trays from 17 elementary and 16 middle/high schools, using the quarter-waste visualization method...
May 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381419/environmental-and-nutrition-impact-of-achieving-new-school-food-plan-recommendations-in-the-primary-school-meals-sector-in-england
#19
Kremlin Wickramasinghe, Mike Rayner, Michael Goldacre, Nick Townsend, Peter Scarborough
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this modelling study was to estimate the expected changes in the nutritional quality and greenhouse gas emissions (GHGEs) of primary school meals due to the adoption of new mandatory food-based standards for school meals. SETTING: Nationally representative random sample of 136 primary schools in England was selected for the Primary School Food Survey (PSFS) with 50% response rate. PARTICIPANTS: A sample of 6690 primary students from PSFS who consumed school meals...
April 5, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376846/trial-baseline-characteristics-of-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-of-a-school-located-obesity-prevention-programme-the-healthy-lifestyles-programme-help-trial
#20
Jenny Lloyd, Siobhan Creanor, Lisa Price, Charles Abraham, Sarah Dean, Colin Green, Melvyn Hillsdon, Virginia Pearson, Rod S Taylor, Richard Tomlinson, Stuart Logan, Alison Hurst, Emma Ryan, Wendy Daurge, Katrina Wyatt
BACKGROUND: We have developed a healthy lifestyles programme (HeLP) for primary school aged children (9-10 years), currently being evaluated in a definitive cluster randomised controlled trial. This paper descriptively presents the baseline characteristics of trial children (BMI, waist circumference, % body fat, diet and physical activity) by gender, cluster level socio-economic status, school size and time of recruitment into the trial. METHODS: Schools were recruited from across the South West of England and allocated 1:1 to either intervention (HeLP) or control (usual practice) stratified by the proportion of children eligible for free school meals (FSM, <19%, ≥19%) and school size (one Year 5 class, >1 Year 5 class)...
April 4, 2017: BMC Public Health
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