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Child death review

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661178/mobile-health-tool-to-improve-maternal-and-neonatal-health-care-in-bangladesh-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Ruoyan Gai Tobe, Syed Emdadul Haque, Kiyoko Ikegami, Rintaro Mori
BACKGROUND: In Bangladesh, the targets on reduction of maternal mortality and utilization of related obstetric services provided by skilled health personnel in Millennium Development Goals 5 remains unmet, and the progress in reduction of neonatal mortality lag behind that in the reduction of infant and under-five mortalities, remaining as an essential issue towards the achievement of maternal and neonatal health targets in health related Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). As access to appropriate perinatal care is crucial to reduce maternal and neonatal deaths, recently several mobile platform-based health programs sponsored by donor countries and Non-Governmental Organizations have targeted to reduce maternal and child mortality...
April 16, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655964/infant-outcome-after-complete-uterine-rupture
#2
Iqbal Al-Zirqi, Anne Kjersti Daltveit, Siri Vangen
BACKGROUND: Complete uterine rupture is a rare peripartum complication often associated with a catastrophic outcome for both mother and child. However, little has been written based on large data sets about maternal and infant outcome after complete ruptures. This is partly due to the rarity of the event and the serious maternal and infant outcome; it is also partly due to the use of international diagnostic codes that do not differentiate between the less catastrophic partial rupture and more catastrophic complete uterine rupture...
April 12, 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627863/the-codesign-of-an-interdisciplinary-team-based-intervention-regarding-initiating-palliative-care-in-pediatric-oncology
#3
Douglas L Hill, Jennifer K Walter, Jessica A Casas, Concetta DiDomenico, Julia E Szymczak, Chris Feudtner
PURPOSE: Children with advanced cancer are often not referred to palliative or hospice care before they die or are only referred close to the child's death. The goals of the current project were to learn about pediatric oncology team members' perspectives on palliative care, to collaborate with team members to modify and tailor three separate interdisciplinary team-based interventions regarding initiating palliative care, and to assess the feasibility of this collaborative approach. METHODS: We used a modified version of experience-based codesign (EBCD) involving members of the pediatric palliative care team and three interdisciplinary pediatric oncology teams (Bone Marrow Transplant, Neuro-Oncology, and Solid Tumor) to review and tailor materials for three team-based interventions...
April 7, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626077/new-york-city-s-window-guard-policy-four-decades-of-success
#4
Amita Toprani, Martha Robinson, James K Middleton Iii, Ali Hamade, Thomas Merrill
BACKGROUND: Preventing child falls from windows is easily accomplished by installing inexpensive window-limiting devices but window falls remain a common cause of child injuries. This article describes the history and evolution of the New York City (NYC) window guard rule,which requires building owners to install window guards in apartments housing children aged ≤10 years. The NYC window guard rule was the first directive of its kind in the USA when it was adopted in 1976, and it has led to a dramatic and long-lasting reduction in child window fall-related injuries and deaths...
April 6, 2018: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622341/characteristics-of-infant-deaths-during-sleep-while-under-nonparental-supervision
#5
Elena Lagon, Rachel Y Moon, Jeffrey D Colvin
OBJECTIVE: To compare risk factors for infant sleep-related deaths under the supervision of parents and nonparents. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a secondary analysis of sleep-related infant deaths from 2004 to 2014 in the National Center for Fatality Review and Prevention Child Death Review Case Reporting System. The main exposure was supervisor at time of death. Primary outcomes included sleep position, location, and objects in the environment. Risk factors for parental vs nonparental supervisor were compared using χ2 and multivariable logistic regression models...
March 28, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622026/evidence-of-the-factors-that-influence-the-utilisation-of-kangaroo-mother-care-by-parents-with-low-birth-weight-infants-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-lmics-a-scoping-review-protocol
#6
Christina T Mathias, Solange Mianda, Themba G Ginindza
BACKGROUND: The Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 3 emphasises on reducing neonatal deaths caused by low birth weight (LBW) complications by the implementation and utilisation of Kangaroo Mother Care (KMC) in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Despite the empirical evidence of KMC optimising low-birth-weight infants' (LBWIs') survival, its advantages and the LMICs implementing the service, studies have shown that LBW infant deaths occurring in LMICs are largely contributing to global child mortality...
April 5, 2018: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618484/evaluating-the-process-and-outcomes-of-child-death-review-in-the-solomon-islands
#7
Mathew Sandakabatu, Titus Nasi, Carol Titiulu, Trevor Duke
While maternal and perinatal mortality auditing has been strongly promoted by the World Health Organization (WHO), there has been very limited promotion or evaluation of child death auditing in low/middle-income settings. In 2017, a standardised child death review process was introduced in the paediatric department of the National Hospital in Honiara, Solomon Islands. We evaluated the process and outcomes of child death reviews. The child death auditing process was assessed through systematic observations made at each of the weekly meetings using the following standards for evaluation: (1) adapted WHO tools for paediatric auditing; (2) the five stages of the audit cycle; (3) published principles of paediatric audit; and (4) WHO and Solomon Islands national clinical standards of Hospital Care for Children...
April 4, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601466/longitudinal-clival-fracture-in-a-child-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#8
Bedia Gulen, Mustafa Serinken, Ozgur Karcioglu, Okkes Taha Kucukdagli
Clival fracture is a rare and serious injury, which mostly results in the death of the victim before reaching the hospital. The entity is hardly diagnosed in the early phase because of high mortality rates and deficiencies in completion of radiological imaging. The incidence of diagnoses increased year by year after the usage of computed tomography gained widespread availability. In this article, we aimed to present radiological and clinical characteristics of a 5-year-old patient brought to the emergency department after a motor vehicle accident...
April 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29584763/child-injuries-in-ethiopia-a-review-of-the-current-situation-with-projections
#9
Qingfeng Li, Olakunle Alonge, Collene Lawhorn, Yirga Ambaw, Smita Kumar, Troy Jacobs, Adnan A Hyder
BACKGROUND: Heavy burden of child injuries and lack of policy response in Ethiopia call for an improved understanding of the situation and development of action plans from multiple governmental agencies and stakeholders. METHODS: A consortium of international and Ethiopian researchers and stakeholders used extensive literature review and mixed analytical methods to estimate and project the burden of fatal and non-fatal child unintentional injuries in Ethiopia from 2015 to 2030...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29570495/the-impact-of-malnutrition-on-childhood-infections
#10
Judd L Walson, James A Berkley
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Almost half of all childhood deaths worldwide occur in children with malnutrition, predominantly in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia. This review summarizes the mechanisms by which malnutrition and serious infections interact with each other and with children's environments. RECENT FINDINGS: It has become clear that whilst malnutrition results in increased incidence, severity and case fatality of common infections, risks continue beyond acute episodes resulting in significant postdischarge mortality...
March 22, 2018: Current Opinion in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29560291/prevention-of-congenital-syphilis-through-antenatal-screenings-in-lusaka-zambia-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
Faisal Akhtar, Sabah Rehman
Congenital syphilis is one of the preventable diseases caused by the gram-negative bacteria Treponema pallidum; yet, it imposes a serious global health and economic burden, with more than half of the cases resulting in serious adverse outcomes, including infant mortality. Mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) of syphilis is estimated at 3.6 million adjusted life years (DALYs) and around $309 million in medical costs. In 2006, an estimated 9.7 million children of age less than five years died in developing countries; almost four million were neonatal deaths...
January 16, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557569/does-forest-loss-increase-human-disease-evidence-from-nigeria
#12
Julia Berazneva, Tanya S. Byker
It is estimated that about one quarter of the global disease burden in terms of healthy life years lost and about one quarter of all premature deaths can be attributed to modifiable environmental factors (Pruss-Ustun and Corvalan 2006). Three infectious diseases--diarrhea, respiratory infections, and malaria--account for the largest absolute burden in developing countries with children facing the greatest impacts. There is a growing body of evidence demonstrating the health burden of air and water pollution, as well as important productivity and income effects (see, for example, reviews of the literature in Pattanayak and Pfaff 2009 and Greenstone and Jack 2016)...
May 2017: American Economic Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29549195/a-service-evaluation-of-a-hospital-child-death-review-process-to-elucidate-understanding-of-contributory-factors-to-child-mortality-and-inform-practice-in-the-english-national-health-service
#13
Daniel S Magnus, Margrid B Schindler, Robin D Marlow, James I Fraser
OBJECTIVE: To describe a novel approach to hospital mortality meetings to elucidate understanding of contributory factors to child death and inform practice in the National Health Service. DESIGN: All child deaths were separately reviewed at a meeting attended by professionals across the healthcare pathway, and an assessment was made of contributory factors to death across domains intrinsic to the child, family and environment, parenting capacity and service delivery...
March 16, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29523358/injury-patterns-of-child-abuse-experience-of-two-level-1-pediatric-trauma-centers
#14
Yangyang R Yu, Annalyn S DeMello, Christopher S Greeley, Charles S Cox, Bindi J Naik-Mathuria, David E Wesson
PURPOSE: This study examines non-accidental trauma (NAT) fatalities as a percentage of all injury fatalities and identifies injury patterns in NAT admissions to two level 1 pediatric trauma centers. METHODS: We reviewed all children (<5years old) treated for NAT from 2011 to 2015. Patient demographics, injury sites, and survival were obtained from both institutional trauma registries. RESULTS: Of 4623 trauma admissions, 557 (12%) were due to NAT...
February 10, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29520820/childhood-death-rates-declined-in-sweden-from-2000-2014-but-deaths-from-external-causes-were-not-always-investigated
#15
Gabriel Otterman, Klara Lahne, Elizabeth V Arkema, Steven Lucas, Staffan Janson, Lena Hellström-Westas
AIM: Countries that conduct systematic child death reviews report a high proportion of modifiable characteristics among deaths from external causes and this study examined the trends in Sweden. METHODS: We analysed individual level data on external, ill-defined and unknown causes from the Swedish cause of death register from 2000-2014 and mortality rates were estimated for children under the age of one and for those aged 1-14 and 15-17 years. RESULTS: Child deaths from all causes were 7,914 and 2,006 (25%) were from external, ill-defined and unknown causes: 610 (30%) were infants, 692 (34%) were 1-14 and 704 (35%) were 15-17...
March 8, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29500658/maternal-filicide-in-a-cohort-of-english-serious-case-reviews
#16
Peter Sidebotham, Ameeta Retzer
A national mixed-methods study of English Serious Case Reviews (SCRs) was carried out to better understand the characteristics and circumstances of maternally perpetrated filicides, to compare these with paternally perpetrated cases, and to identify learning points for mental health professionals. Published reports for all SCRs of children in England dying as a result of abuse or neglect from 2011 to 2014 were subject to qualitative analysis using a system of layered reading and inductive thematic analysis, along with descriptive and comparative quantitative analysis...
March 2, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29479813/sudden-infant-death-and-sleep-practices-in-the-black-community
#17
Deborah Stiffler, Brook Ayres, Cheyenne Fauvergue, Deborah Cullen
PURPOSE: A Black infant dies every 13 hours in the state of Indiana. The overall infant mortality rate in 2013 was 7.2 deaths per 1000 live births, but for Black infants, the rate was 15.3 deaths per 1000 live births. For over 20 years, placing an infant to sleep on his back has decreased the death rate from sudden unexpected infant death (SUID) and sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), but many Black families continue to advocate bed sharing, prone sleeping, and inappropriate bedding/sleep surfaces, predisposing an infant to a significantly higher risk for SUID/SIDS...
February 25, 2018: Journal for Specialists in Pediatric Nursing: JSPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29478188/palliative-care-in-swiss-pediatric-oncology-settings-a-retrospective-analysis-of-medical-records
#18
Michael Rost, Elaine Acheson, Thomas Kühne, Marc Ansari, Nadia Pacurari, Pierluigi Brazzola, Felix Niggli, Bernice S Elger, Tenzin Wangmo
PURPOSE: This study examined the provision of palliative care and related decision-making in Swiss pediatric oncology settings. The aim was to determine if and when children who died from cancer received palliative care, whether there were differences by cancer diagnosis, and inclusion of children in decision-making regarding palliative care. METHODS: Using a standardized data extraction form, a retrospective review of medical records of deceased pediatric patients was conducted...
February 24, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474107/a-systematic-review-of-tools-to-measure-respiratory-rate-to-identify-childhood-pneumonia
#19
Amy Sarah Ginsburg, Jennifer L Lenahan, Rasa Izadnegahdar, J Mark Ansermino
Pneumonia is the leading infectious cause of death in children worldwide, with most deaths occurring in developing countries. Measuring respiratory rate is critical to the World Health Organization's guidelines for diagnosing childhood pneumonia in low-resource settings, yet it is difficult to accurately measure. We conducted a systematic review to landscape existing respiratory rate measurement technologies. We searched Pubmed, Embase, and Compendex for studies published through September 2017 assessing the accuracy of respiratory rate measurement technologies in children...
February 23, 2018: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467596/cost-effectiveness-of-antiviral-prophylaxis-during-pregnancy-for-the-prevention-of-perinatal-hepatitis-b-infection-in-south-korea
#20
Donghoon Lee, Hyun-Young Shin, Sang Min Park
Background: In Korea, hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection accounts for approximately 65-75% of HBV-related diseases, such as chronic hepatitis and liver cancer, and mother-to-child transmission is presumed to be a major source of the infection. To tackle this issue, the Korean government launched the national Perinatal Hepatitis B Prevention Program (PHBPP) in 2002. This study analyzed the cost-effectiveness of the PHBPP with antiviral prophylaxis compared with the current PHBPP and/or universal vaccination, as well as identified the optimal strategy to eliminate mother-to-child transmission of HBV in Korea...
2018: Cost Effectiveness and Resource Allocation: C/E
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