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Child death review

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467596/cost-effectiveness-of-antiviral-prophylaxis-during-pregnancy-for-the-prevention-of-perinatal-hepatitis-b-infection-in-south-korea
#1
Donghoon Lee, Hyun-Young Shin, Sang Min Park
Background: In Korea, hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection accounts for approximately 65-75% of HBV-related diseases, such as chronic hepatitis and liver cancer, and mother-to-child transmission is presumed to be a major source of the infection. To tackle this issue, the Korean government launched the national Perinatal Hepatitis B Prevention Program (PHBPP) in 2002. This study analyzed the cost-effectiveness of the PHBPP with antiviral prophylaxis compared with the current PHBPP and/or universal vaccination, as well as identified the optimal strategy to eliminate mother-to-child transmission of HBV in Korea...
2018: Cost Effectiveness and Resource Allocation: C/E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433399/death-caused-by-appendicular-knotting-and-small-bowel-strangulation-in-a-child-a-case-report-and-review
#2
Andres Rodriguez Zorro, Jairo Hernando Vivas Diaz
Acute appendicitis is one of the most common surgical emergencies in paediatrics. However, acute appendicitis in early infancy is an uncommon condition. Furthermore, strangulation of the small intestine through appendicular knotting is described as very unusual in the literature and is generally not well-diagnosed in the clinical context. This article reports the case of a 23-month-old girl who entered the emergency department with a three-day history of abdominal symptoms and who died in less than 24 hours without receiving surgical intervention...
January 1, 2018: Medicine, Science, and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428539/vascular-trauma-in-children-review-from-a-major-paediatric-centre
#3
REVIEW
Sofia Morão, Rita S Ferreira, Nelson Camacho, Vanda Pratas Vital, J Pascoal, M Emília Ferreira, L Mota Capitão, Frederico B Gonçalves
INTRODUCTION: Traumatic non-iatrogenic vascular injuries in children are rare and rarely discussed in literature. Paediatric vascular injuries pose a set of challenges mainly because of continued growth and development in a child or adolescent. The purpose of the study is to characterize management strategies and outcomes in these cases. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Single-centre retrospective review of patients less than age 18 years (paediatric age) with acute, non-iatrogenic traumatic vascular injuries between January 2009 and December 2015...
February 8, 2018: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423179/measuring-postnatal-care-contacts-for-mothers-and-newborns-an-analysis-of-data-from-the-mics-and-dhs-surveys
#4
Agbessi Amouzou, Vrinda Mehra, Liliana Carvajal-Aguirre, Shane M Khan, Deborah Sitrin, Lara Me Vaz
Background: The postnatal period represents a vulnerable phase for mothers and newborns where both face increased risk of morbidity and death. WHO recommends postnatal care (PNC) for mothers and newborns to include a first contact within 24 hours following the birth of the child. However, measuring coverage of PNC in household surveys has been variable over time. The two largest household survey programs in low and middle-income countries, the UNICEF-supported Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys (MICS) and USAID-funded Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS), now include modules that capture these measures...
December 2017: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398046/outcome-of-preterm-infants-with-transient-cystic-periventricular-leukomalacia-on-serial-cranial-imaging-up-to-term-equivalent-age
#5
Subrata Sarkar, Seetha Shankaran, John Barks, Barbara T Do, Abbot R Laptook, Abhik Das, Namasivayam Ambalavanan, Krisa P Van Meurs, Edward F Bell, Pablo J Sanchez, Susan R Hintz, Myra H Wyckoff, Barbara J Stoll, Waldemar A Carlo
OBJECTIVE: To determine the outcome of preterm infants whose cystic periventricular leukomalacia "disappeared" on serial screening cranial imaging studies. STUDY DESIGN: Infants ≤26 weeks of gestation born between 2002 and 2012 who had cranial imaging studies at least twice, the most abnormal study at <28 days of age and another closest to 36 weeks, were reviewed. The outcome of late death (after 36 weeks postmenstrual age) or neurodevelopmental impairment (NDI) in surviving infants at 18-26 months corrected age was compared between the infants with no cystic periventricular leukomalacia on both studies and cystic periventricular leukomalacia that disappeared (cystic periventricular leukomalacia at <28 days but not at 36 weeks), persisted (cystic periventricular leukomalacia on both studies), or appeared late (cystic periventricular leukomalacia only at 36 weeks)...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29389917/surveillance-for-violent-deaths-national-violent-death-reporting-system-18-states-2014
#6
Katherine A Fowler, Shane P D Jack, Bridget H Lyons, Carter J Betz, Emiko Petrosky
PROBLEM/CONDITION: In 2014, approximately 59,000 persons died in the United States as a result of violence-related injuries. This report summarizes data from CDC's National Violent Death Reporting System (NVDRS) regarding violent deaths from 18 U.S. states for 2014. Results are reported by sex, age group, race/ethnicity, marital status, location of injury, method of injury, circumstances of injury, and other selected characteristics. REPORTING PERIOD COVERED: 2014...
February 2, 2018: MMWR. Surveillance Summaries: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29386073/personalized-and-yet-standardized-an-informed-approach-to-the-integration-of-bereavement-care-in-pediatric-oncology-settings
#7
Lori Wiener, Abby R Rosenberg, Wendy G Lichtenthal, Julia Tager, Meaghann S Weaver
OBJECTIVE: The death of a child has been associated with adverse parental outcomes, including a heightened risk for psychological distress, poor physical health, loss of employment income, and diminished psychosocial well-being. Psychosocial standards of care for centers serving pediatric cancer patients recommend maintaining at least one meaningful contact between the healthcare team and bereaved parents to identify families at risk for negative psychosocial sequelae and to provide resources for bereavement support...
February 1, 2018: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29381013/forgotten-children-in-parked-vehicles-a-review-of-italian-fatalities
#8
Gitana Scozzari, Fabrizio Bert, Maria R Gualano, Roberta Siliquini
BACKGROUND: In recent years, Italy has reported the deaths of children who have died of hyperthermia after having been left inadvertently in a car seat. Although very rare, these preventable deaths have dramatic and longlasting consequences for families, communities and public opinion. The aim of the paper is to review the available data on the deaths of children in vehicles by heatstroke in Italy and to discuss how to promote strategies aimed at avoiding these preventable fatalities...
January 29, 2018: Minerva Pediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29378443/thrombolysis-in-pregnancy-a-literature-review
#9
Marina Sousa Gomes, Mariana Guimarães, Nuno Montenegro
BACKGROUND: Changes in the coagulation system during pregnancy and puerperium produce a physiological hypercoagulable state. These changes are thought to be the cause of the higher rates of deep vein thrombosis, pulmonary embolism, stroke, and mechanical prosthetic valve thrombosis during pregnancy. Thrombolysis can be a treatment option in this cases. However, there are no available data from randomized controlled trials in pregnant patients and information about the security of thrombolytics in pregnancy is missing...
January 29, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29372177/characterizing-pediatric-non-malarial-fever-and-identifying-the-at-risk-child-in-rural-malawi
#10
Teresa Bleakly Kortz, Alden Blair, Ellen Scarr, Andrew Masozi Mguntha, Gama Bandawe, Ellen Schell, Sally Rankin, Kimberly Baltzell
Objective. To characterize children with non-malarial fever at risk of nonrecovery or worsening in rural Malawi. Methods. This is a subgroup analysis of patients ≤14 years of age from a prospective cohort study in non-malarial fever subjects (temperature ≥37.5°C, or fever within 48 hours, and malaria negative) in southern Malawi cared for at a mobile clinic during the 2016 dry (August to September) or wet (November to December) season. Data collection included chart review and questionnaires; 14-day follow-up was conducted...
2018: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29368151/the-impact-of-pre-and-perinatal-lifestyle-factors-on-child-long-term-health-and-social-outcomes-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
Kerry Bell, Belen Corbacho, Sarah Ronaldson, Gerry Richardson, David Torgerson, Michael Robling
To understand the full extent of the impact of a trial, it is important to consider the long-term consequences of outcomes beyond the trial follow-up period, especially for early year's interventions. A systematic review of the literature associated with the long-term consequences of four key outcomes from the Building Blocks trial, specifically, low birth weight, smoking during pregnancy, interval to subsequent pregnancy and A&E attendance or inpatient admission was conducted. These factors were guided by the funders, the Department of Health, as being of particular interest in the UK context...
January 24, 2018: Health Economics Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29361292/child-road-traffic-injury-mortality-in-victoria-australia-0-14-years-the-need-for-targeted-action
#12
S S M Chang, R C A Symons, J Ozanne-Smith
INTRODUCTION: Extensive efforts to reduce unintentional injury were enacted in the last three decades of the 20th century. Examination of road traffic injury mortality indicates the extent of fatal, unintentional child injuries (0-14 years) future interventions must address. AIMS: (1) describe in-depth child road traffic injury (RTI) deaths 2001-2012 in Victoria, Australia (2) identify the potential preventability of the RTI causes by currently available countermeasures and scope for enhanced implementation and novel solutions...
December 21, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29357986/a-metasynthesis-uncovering-what-is-known-about-the-experiences-of-families-with-children-who-have-life-limiting-and-life-threatening-illnesses
#13
REVIEW
Jill M G Bally, Nicole R Smith, Lorraine Holtslander, Vicky Duncan, Heather Hodgson-Viden, Christopher Mpofu, Marcelline Zimmer
PURPOSE: To conduct a metasynthesis of qualitative research exploring parents' psychosocial experiences during complex and traumatic life transitions related to caring for a child with a life-limiting (LLI) or life-threatening illness (LTI). BACKGROUND: Parents' experiences of caring for a child impacted by an LLI or LTI are not clearly understood, and holistic, comprehensive pediatric nursing care for parents who have children with LLI and LTIs continues to be developed as treatment improves and survival is extended...
January 2018: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347942/infant-and-child-mortality-in-relation-to-malaria-transmission-in-kemri-cdc-hdss-western-kenya-validation-of-verbal-autopsy
#14
Nyaguara O Amek, Annemieke Van Eijk, Kim A Lindblade, Mary Hamel, Nabie Bayoh, John Gimnig, Kayla F Laserson, Laurence Slutsker, Thomas Smith, Penelope Vounatsou
BACKGROUND: Malaria transmission reduction is a goal of many malaria control programmes. Little is known of how much mortality can be reduced by specific reductions in transmission. Verbal autopsy (VA) is widely used for estimating malaria specific mortality rates, but does not reliably distinguish malaria from other febrile illnesses. Overall malaria attributable mortality includes both direct and indirect deaths. It is unclear what proportion of the deaths averted by reducing malaria transmission are classified as malaria in VA...
January 18, 2018: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346237/pediatric-pelvic-fractures-and-differences-compared-with-the-adult-population
#15
Carolina de la Calva, Nadia Jover, Jaime Alonso, Marta Salom
INTRODUCTION: Although pelvic fractures in children are rare, because of anatomical differences between an adult's skeleton and a child's skeleton, these lesions in the pediatric population have specific characteristics that need to be borne in mind when dealing with them. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed on the pelvic fractures in skeletally immature patients treated in our hospital in the last 20 years. RESULTS: Eighty-one pelvic fractures in children were treated between 1993 and 2013...
January 16, 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325220/profile-risk-factors-and-outcome-of-acute-kidney-injury-in-paediatric-acute-on-chronic-liver-failure
#16
Bikrant B Lal, Seema Alam, Vikrant Sood, Dinesh Rawat, Rajeev Khanna
BACKGROUND & AIMS: There are no studies on acute kidney injury in paediatric acute-on-chronic liver failure. This study was planned with aim to describe the clinical presentation and outcome of acute kidney injury among paediatric acute-on-chronic liver failure patients. METHODS: Data of all children 1-18 years of age presenting with acute chronic liver failure (Asia pacific association for the study of the liver definition) was reviewed. Acute kidney injury was defined as per Kidney Diseases-Improving Global Outcomes guidelines...
January 11, 2018: Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323525/embitterment-and-bereavement-the-sewol-ferry-accident-example
#17
Jeong-Ho Chae, Hyu Jung Huh, Won Joon Choi
OBJECTIVE: On Wednesday, April 16, 2014, 261 high school students on a field trip died in the sinking of the Sewol ferry. The bereaved family of the Sewol ferry accident experienced one of the most painful traumatic losses such as the sudden death of one's child through an accident. This article reviewed and discussed embitterment related to traumatic loss through the example of the Sewol ferry accident. METHOD: Embitterment-related issues and problems in coping with the accident that is caused by societal factors were described...
January 2018: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322575/vaccine-preventable-child-deaths-in-new-south-wales-from-2005-to-2014-how-much-is-preventable
#18
Anastasia Phillips, Frank Beard, Kristine Macartney, Jocelyn Chan, Robin Gilmour, Gemma Saravanos, Peter McIntyre
AIM: To identify and describe potentially vaccine-preventable child deaths in New South Wales (NSW). METHODS: Child deaths in NSW from 2005 to 2014 potentially preventable by vaccination were identified from the NSW Child Death Register (maintained by the NSW Ombudsman) and the Notifiable Conditions Information Management System (NSW Health). Medical and post-mortem records were reviewed. Cases were classified as vaccine-preventable based on the strength of evidence for the relevant infection causing death and likelihood that death was preventable through vaccination...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300049/hirschsprung-disease-integrating-basic-science-and-clinical-medicine-to-improve-outcomes
#19
REVIEW
Robert O Heuckeroth
Hirschsprung disease is defined by the absence of enteric neurons at the end of the bowel. The enteric nervous system (ENS) is the intrinsic nervous system of the bowel and regulates most aspects of bowel function. When the ENS is missing, there are no neurally mediated propulsive motility patterns, and the bowel remains contracted, causing functional obstruction. Symptoms of Hirschsprung disease include constipation, vomiting, abdominal distension and growth failure. Untreated disease usually causes death in childhood because bloodstream bacterial infections occur in the context of bowel inflammation (enterocolitis) or bowel perforation...
January 4, 2018: Nature Reviews. Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291251/gaps-in-the-child-tuberculosis-care-cascade-in-32-rural-communities-in-uganda-and-kenya
#20
Florence Mwangwa, Gabriel Chamie, Dalsone Kwarisiima, James Ayieko, Asiphas Owaraganise, Theodore D Ruel, Albert Plenty, Khai Hoan Tram, Tamara D Clark, Craig R Cohen, Elizabeth A Bukusi, Maya Petersen, Moses R Kamya, Edwin D Charlebois, Diane V Havlir, Carina Marquez
Background: Reducing tuberculosis (TB) deaths among children requires a better understanding of the gaps in the care cascade from TB diagnosis to treatment completion. We sought to assess the child TB care cascade in 32 rural communities in Uganda and Kenya using programmatic data. Methods: This is a retrospective cohort study of 160,851 children (ages <15 years) living in 12 rural communities in Kenya and 22 in Uganda. We reviewed national TB registries from health centers in and adjacent to the 32 communities, and we included all child TB cases recorded from January 1, 2013 to June 30, 2016...
December 2017: Journal of Clinical Tuberculosis and Other Mycobacterial Diseases
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