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Child death review

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29897898/mother-to-child-transmission-of-chikungunya-virus-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Despina Contopoulos-Ioannidis, Shoshana Newman-Lindsay, Camille Chow, A Desiree LaBeaud
BACKGROUND: Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) is an emerging arboviral infection with a global distribution and may cause fetal and neonatal infections after maternal CHIKV-infections during gestation. METHODOLOGY: We performed a systematic review to evaluate the risk for: a) mother-to-child transmission (MTCT), b) antepartum fetal deaths (APFD), c) symptomatic neonatal disease, and d) neonatal deaths from maternal CHIKV-infections during gestation. We also recorded the neonatal clinical manifestations after such maternal infections (qualitative data synthesis)...
June 13, 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29875066/pembrolizumab-in-patients-with-advanced-hepatocellular-carcinoma-previously-treated-with-sorafenib-keynote-224-a-non-randomised-open-label-phase-2-trial
#2
Andrew X Zhu, Richard S Finn, Julien Edeline, Stephane Cattan, Sadahisa Ogasawara, Daniel Palmer, Chris Verslype, Vittorina Zagonel, Laetitia Fartoux, Arndt Vogel, Debashis Sarker, Gontran Verset, Stephen L Chan, Jennifer Knox, Bruno Daniele, Andrea L Webber, Scot W Ebbinghaus, Junshui Ma, Abby B Siegel, Ann-Lii Cheng, Masatoshi Kudo
BACKGROUND: Immune checkpoint blockade therapy has shown promising results in patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma. We aimed to assess the efficacy and safety of pembrolizumab in this patient population. METHODS: KEYNOTE-224 is a non-randomised, multicentre, open-label, phase 2 trial that is set in 47 medical centres and hospitals across ten countries. Eligible patients had pathologically confirmed hepatocellular carcinoma; had previously been treated with sorafenib and were either intolerant to this treatment or showed radiographic progression of their disease after treatment; an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status of 0-1; adequate organ function, and were Child-Pugh class A...
June 1, 2018: Lancet Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29872879/-suicidal-tendencies-in-adolescence-dysfunctional-familiar-communication-as-risk-factor
#3
REVIEW
S Radde, S Gutwinski, F Stuke, A Fuchs, M Schouler-Ocak, F Bermpohl, J Henssler
BACKGROUND: Suicide is one of the four most common causes of death in adolescence worldwide. Although it is well known that suicidal people often have insufficient communication strategies, the importance of family communication for adolescent suicidality has not yet been sufficiently explored. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to provide a systematic review of family communication as a risk factor for adolescent suicidal tendencies and to develop treatment recommendations...
June 5, 2018: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29870866/using-time-to-event-analysis-to-identify-preconception-and-prenatal-predictors-of-child-protective-services-contact
#4
Anna E Austin, Jared W Parrish, Meghan E Shanahan
We examined preconception and prenatal predictors of time to first child protective services (CPS) contact among Alaska children. Data were from the Alaska Longitudinal Child Abuse and Neglect Linkage (ALCANLink) project, a population-representative data source linking 2009-2011 Alaska Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS) data with administrative data sources through 2015. We examined the incidence CPS contact using the Kaplan-Meier method and predictors of CPS contact using Cox proportional hazards regression...
June 2, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29866707/does-the-uk-medical-education-provide-doctors-with-sufficient-skills-and-knowledge-to-manage-patients-with-eating-disorders-safely
#5
Agnes Ayton, Ali Ibrahim
BACKGROUND: Eating disorders affect 1%-4% of the population and they are associated with an increased rate of mortality and multimorbidity. Following the avoidable deaths of three people the parliamentary ombudsman called for a review of training for all junior doctors to improve patient safety. OBJECTIVE: To review the teaching and assessment relating to eating disorders at all levels of medical training in the UK. METHOD: We surveyed all the UK medical schools about their curricula, teaching and examinations related to eating disorders in 2017...
June 4, 2018: Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29804058/equity-and-intrapartum-care-by-skilled-birth-attendant-globally-protocol-for-a-systematic-review
#6
Alisa Kachikis, Ann-Beth Moller, Tomas Allen, Lale Say, Doris Chou
INTRODUCTION: Equity is a cross-cutting theme within the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and central to the effort to improve maternal and child health globally. One key strategy to prevent maternal death set out in SDG 3 is assistance by a skilled birth attendant (SBA) at childbirth (indicator 3.1.2). However, the increased coverage of SBAs globally has not been reflected by the same degree of decrease in maternal mortality and has been reported to have higher levels of inequality than other maternal health interventions...
May 26, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29802134/qualitative-analysis-of-serious-case-reviews-into-unexpected-infant-deaths
#7
Joanna J Garstang, Peter Sidebotham
OBJECTIVE: To develop a detailed understanding of the circumstances of sudden unexpected death in infancy (SUDI) cases subject to serious case review (SCR). DESIGN: This was a thematic analysis of SCRs relating to cases of SUDI in England. SCRs were obtained for SUDI cases dying between 1 April 2011 and 31 March 2014. These were cases (aged 0-2 years) that presented as a SUDI and for which no clear medical or forensic cause of death was found. RESULTS: SCRs were held for 30 SUDI cases, published reports were available for 27/30...
May 25, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791553/epidemiological-aspects-clinical-manifestations-and-prevention-of-pediatric-tuberculosis-from-the-perspective-of-the-end-tb-strategy
#8
Anna Cristina Calçada Carvalho, Claudete Aparecida Araújo Cardoso, Terezinha Miceli Martire, Giovanni Battista Migliori, Clemax Couto Sant'Anna
Tuberculosis continues to be a public health priority in many countries. In 2015, tuberculosis killed 1.4 million people, including 210,000 children. Despite the recent progress made in the control of tuberculosis in Brazil, it is still one of the countries with the highest tuberculosis burdens. In 2015, there were 69,000 reported cases of tuberculosis in Brazil and tuberculosis was the cause of 4,500 deaths in the country. In 2014, the World Health Organization approved the End TB Strategy, which set a target date of 2035 for meeting its goals of reducing the tuberculosis incidence by 90% and reducing the number of tuberculosis deaths by 95%...
April 2018: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia: Publicaça̋o Oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775556/let-s-talk-about-it-supporting-family-communication-during-end-of-life-care-of-pediatric-patients
#9
Meghan L Marsac, Christine Kindler, Danielle Weiss, Lindsay Ragsdale
BACKGROUND: Communication is key in optimizing medical care when a child is approaching end of life (EOL). Research is yet to establish best practices for how medical teams can guide intrafamily communication (including surviving siblings) when EOL care is underway or anticipated for a pediatric patient. While recommendations regarding how medical teams can facilitate communication between the medical team and the family exist, various barriers may prevent the implementation of these recommendations...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773123/circumstances-of-child-deaths-in-mali-and-uganda-a-community-based-confidential-enquiry
#10
Merlin L Willcox, Elias Kumbakumba, Drissa Diallo, Vincent Mubangizi, Peter Kirabira, Florence Nakaggwa, Birungi Mutahunga, Chiaka Diakité, Eugene Dembélé, Mamadou Traoré, Pierre Daou, Drissa Bamba, Amadou Traoré, Diafara Berthé, Nick Wooding, Kieran Dinwoodie, Sarah Capewell, Hamish Foster, Rowena Neville, Joseph Ngonzi, Jerome Kabakyenga, David Mant, Anthony Harnden
BACKGROUND: Interventions to reduce child deaths in Africa have often underachieved, causing the Millennium Development Goal targets to be missed. We assessed whether a community enquiry into the circumstances of death could improve intervention effectiveness by identifying local avoidable factors and explaining implementation failures. METHODS: Deaths of children younger than 5 years were ascertained by community informants in two districts in Mali (762 deaths) and three districts in Uganda (442 deaths) in 2011-15...
June 2018: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773072/formal-procedure-to-facilitate-the-decision-to-withhold-or-withdraw-life-sustaining-interventions-in-a-neonatal-intensive-care-unit-a-seven-year-retrospective-study
#11
G Sorin, R Vialet, B Tosello
BACKGROUND: Neonatal deaths are often associated with the complex decision to limit or withdraw life-sustaining interventions (LSIs) rather than therapeutic impasses. Despite the existence of a law, significant disparities in clinical procedures remain. This study aimed to assess deaths occurring in a Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) and measure the impact of a traceable Limitation or Withdrawal of Active Treatment (LWAT) file on the treatment of these newborns. METHODS: In this monocentric retrospective study, we reviewed all consecutive neonatal deaths occurring during two three-year periods among patients in the NICU at the North Hospital of Marseille: cohort 1 (from 2009 to 2011 without the LWAT file) and cohort 2 (from 2013 to 2015 after introduction of the LWAT file)...
May 17, 2018: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752026/safety-of-a-heat-stable-rotavirus-vaccine-among-children-in-niger-data-from-a-phase-3-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial
#12
Matthew E Coldiron, Ousmane Guindo, Rockyath Makarimi, Issaka Soumana, Amadou Matar Seck, Souna Garba, Emilie Macher, Sheila Isanaka, Rebecca F Grais
BACKGROUND: Rotavirus remains a major cause of diarrhea among children under 5 years of age. The efficacy of RotaSIIL, a pentavalent rotavirus vaccine, was shown in an event-driven trial in Niger. We describe the two-year safety follow-up of this trial. METHODS: Follow-up of safety outcomes began upon administration of the first dose of RotaSIIL or placebo. Adverse events were followed until 28 days after the third dose, and serious adverse events were followed until 2 years of age...
May 8, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751744/a-case-of-raine-syndrome-presenting-with-facial-dysmorphy-and-review-of-literature
#13
Jayesh Sheth, Riddhi Bhavsar, Ajit Gandhi, Frenny Sheth, Dhairya Pancholi
BACKGROUND: Raine syndrome (RS) - an extremely rare autosomal recessive genetic disorder, is caused by a biallelic mutation in the FAM20C gene. Some of the most common clinical features include generalized osteosclerosis with a periosteal bone formation, dysmorphic face, and thoracic hypoplasia. Many cases have also been reported with oro-dental abnormalities, and developmental delay. Most of the cases result in neonatal death. However, a few non-lethal RS cases have been reported where patients survive till adulthood and exhibits a heterogeneous clinical phenotype...
May 11, 2018: BMC Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739495/the-risks-associated-with-obesity-in-pregnancy
#14
Johannes Stubert, Frank Reister, Steffi Hartmann, Wolfgang Janni
BACKGROUND: Approximately one-third of all women of childbearing age are overweight or obese. For these women, pregnancy is associated with increased risks for both mother and child. METHODS: This review is based on pertinent publications retrieved by a selective search of PubMed, with special attention to current population-based cohort studies, systematic reviews, meta-analyses, and controlled trials. RESULTS: Obesity in pregnancy is associated with unfavorable clinical outcomes for both mother and child...
April 20, 2018: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739404/a-child-with-multiple-congenital-anomalies-due-to-partial-trisomy-7q22-1-%C3%A2-qter-resulting-from-a-maternally-inherited-balanced-translocation-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#15
C S Paththinige, N D Sirisena, U G I U Kariyawasam, R C Ediriweera, P Kruszka, M Muenke, V H W Dissanayake
BACKGROUND: Parental balanced reciprocal translocations can result in partial aneuploidies in the offspring due to unbalanced meiotic segregation during gametogenesis. Herein, we report the phenotypic and molecular cytogenetic characterization of a 2 years and 4 months old female child with partial trisomy 7q22 → qter. This is the first such reported case resulting from a parental balanced translocation involving the long arms of chromosomes 7 and 14. The phenotype of the proband was compared with that of previously reported cases of trisomy 7q21 → qter or 7q22 → qter resulting from parental balanced translocations...
May 8, 2018: BMC Medical Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729652/critical-care-nurses-experiences-of-caring-for-a-dying-child-a-qualitative-evidence-synthesis
#16
REVIEW
Mitchell Grimston, Ashleigh E Butler, Beverley Copnell
AIM: To synthesise qualitative research examining the experience of critical care nurses caring for a dying child. BACKGROUND: Caring for a dying child remains one of the most difficult aspects of nursing, potentially leading to personal and professional distress. A thorough understanding of this experience for critical care nurses allows for improved delivery of care and support for the nurse. DESIGN: A qualitative evidence synthesis was undertaken, informed by Thomas and Harden's thematic synthesis methodology...
May 5, 2018: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726744/early-life-mortality-clustering-in-families-a-literature-review
#17
Ingrid K van Dijk
Research on early-life mortality in contemporary and historical populations has shown that infant and child mortality tend to cluster in a limited number of high-mortality families, a phenomenon known as 'mortality clustering'. This paper is the first to review the literature on the role of the family in early-life mortality. Contemporary results, methodological and theoretical shortfalls, recent developments, and opportunities for future research are all discussed in this review. Four methodological approaches are distinguished: those based on sibling deaths, mother heterogeneity, thresholds, and excess deaths in populations...
May 4, 2018: Population Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701637/ethics-of-end-of-life-decisions-in-pediatrics-a-narrative-review-of-the-roles-of-caregivers-shared-decision-making-and-patient-centered-values
#18
REVIEW
Jonathan D Santoro, Mariko Bennett
Background: This manuscript reviews unique aspects of end of life decision-making in pediatrics. Methods: A narrative literature review of pediatric end of life issues was performed in the English language. Results: While a paternalistic approach is typically applied to children with life-limiting medical prognoses, the cognitive, language, and physical variability in this patient population is wide and worthy of review. In end of life discussions in pediatrics, the consideration of a child’s input is often not reviewed in depth, although a shared decision-making model is ideal for use, even for children with presumed limitations due to age...
April 26, 2018: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29700085/valproate-life-saving-life-changing
#19
Rhys H Thomas
Antiepileptic medications, and valproate principally, are commonly prescribed teratogens. There is significant concern that we are not doing enough to educate clinicians and potential parents about the risks of valproate in pregnancy. There is clear advice from the Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency and the International League Against Epilepsy about the risks of valproate exposure in utero Reviews and guidelines that are focused on fetal risk, however, fall short in being able to fully replicate the complexity of a real clinical decision...
April 1, 2018: Clinical Medicine: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of London
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29699454/reporting-fatal-neglect-in-child-death-review
#20
Debbie Scott
Child death reviews are conducted with the aim of preventing child deaths however, definitions, inclusion criteria for the review of child deaths and reporting practices vary across Child Death Review Teams (CDRTs). This article aims to identify a common context and understanding of fatal neglect reporting by reviewing definitional issues of fatal neglect and comparing reporting practice across a number of CDRTs. Providing a consistent context for identifying and reporting neglect-related deaths may improve the understanding of the impact of fatal neglect and the risk factors associated with it and therefore, improve the potential of CDRT review to inform prevention programs, policies, and procedures...
January 1, 2018: Trauma, Violence & Abuse
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