keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Child death review

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709556/intussusception-among-children-less-than-2years-of-age-findings-from-pre-vaccine-introduction-surveillance-in-pakistan
#1
Mohammad Tahir Yousafzai, Rozina Thobani, Saqib Hamid Qazi, Nasir Saddal, Catherine Yen, Negar Aliabadi, Syed Asad Ali
BACKGROUND: Rotavirus vaccination introduction in routine immunization is under consideration in Pakistan. Data on the baseline epidemiology of intussusception will inform surveillance strategies for intussusception after rotavirus vaccine introduction in Pakistan. We describe the epidemiology of intussusception-associated hospitalizations among children <2years of age in Karachi, Pakistan. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective chart review for July 01, 2012 through June 30, 2015 at the National Institute of Child Health (NICH) and Aga Khan University Hospital (AKUH) Karachi...
July 11, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699125/uptake-of-predictive-genetic-testing-and-cardiac-evaluation-for-children-at-risk-for-an-inherited-arrhythmia-or-cardiomyopathy
#2
Susan Christian, Joseph Atallah, Robin Clegg, Michael Giuffre, Cathleen Huculak, Tara Dzwiniel, Jillian Parboosingh, Sherryl Taylor, Martin Somerville
Predictive genetic testing in minors should be considered when clinical intervention is available. Children who carry a pathogenic variant for an inherited arrhythmia or cardiomyopathy require regular cardiac screening and may be prescribed medication and/or be told to modify their physical activity. Medical genetics and pediatric cardiology charts were reviewed to identify factors associated with uptake of genetic testing and cardiac evaluation for children at risk for long QT syndrome, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy or arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy...
July 11, 2017: Journal of Genetic Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698327/bubble-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-in-the-treatment-of-severe-paediatric-pneumonia-in-malawi-a-cost-effectiveness-analysis
#3
Teresa Bleakly Kortz, Benjamin Herzel, Elliot Marseille, James G Kahn
OBJECTIVES: Pneumonia is the largest infectious cause of death in children under 5 years globally, and limited resource settings bear an overwhelming proportion of this disease burden. Bubble continuous positive airway pressure (bCPAP), an accepted supportive therapy, is often thought of as cost-prohibitive in these settings. We hypothesise that bCPAP is a cost-effective intervention in a limited resource setting and this study aims to determine the cost-effectiveness of bCPAP, using Malawi as an example...
July 10, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693463/descriptive-analysis-of-cochrane-child-relevant-systematic-reviews-an-update-and-comparison-between-2009-and-2013
#4
Katelynn Crick, Denise Thomson, Ricardo M Fernandes, Megan Nuspl, Dean T Eurich, Brian H Rowe, Lisa Hartling
BACKGROUND: Systematic reviews support health systems and clinical decision-making by identifying and summarizing all existing studies on a particular topic. In 2009, a comprehensive description of child-relevant systematic reviews published in the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews was compiled. This study aims to provide an update, and to describe these systematic reviews according to their content and methodological approaches. METHODS: All child-relevant systematic reviews published by the Cochrane Collaboration in the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (CDSR) as of March, 2013 were identified and described in relation to their content and methodological approaches...
July 11, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687558/seizure-management-in-children-requiring-palliative-care-a-review-of-current-practice
#5
Nicola Harris, Megumi Baba, Charlotte Mellor, Rebekah Rogers, Kirsty Taylor, Antonia Beringer, Peta Sharples
OBJECTIVES: Controlling seizures in children approaching death can be difficult, and there is a limited evidence base to guide best practice. We compared current practice against the guidance for seizure management produced by the Association of Paediatric Palliative Medicine (APPM). METHODS: Retrospective case note review of episodes of challenging seizure management in children receiving end-of-life care over a 10-year period (2006-2015) in the south-west region of England...
July 7, 2017: BMJ Supportive & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685604/resistin-role-in-development-of-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#6
Khalid Siddiqui, Teena P George
Diabetes is estimated to be one of the major causes of deaths in most countries due to its high prevalence rate, which was 8.8% in 2015. Hyperglycemia detected during pregnancy is known as gestational diabetes mellitus and it increases the potential risk of development of Type 2 diabetes in mothers with its varying prevalence rate of 1-14% in different populations. It also leads to the higher risk of developing abnormal glucose tolerance and obesity in their child at an early age. Recent studies show that potential mediators of insulin resistance such as adipokines - adiponectin, leptin and resistin are important for glucose and lipid metabolism...
July 7, 2017: Biomarkers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685046/comprehensive-review-of-the-evidence-regarding-the-effectiveness-of-community-based-primary-health-care-in-improving-maternal-neonatal-and-child-health-8-summary-and-recommendations-of-the-expert-panel
#7
Robert E Black, Carl E Taylor, Shobha Arole, Abhay Bang, Zulfiqar A Bhutta, A Mushtaque R Chowdhury, Betty R Kirkwood, Nazo Kureshy, Claudio F Lanata, James F Phillips, Mary Taylor, Cesar G Victora, Zonghan Zhu, Henry B Perry
BACKGROUND: The contributions that community-based primary health care (CBPHC) and engaging with communities as valued partners can make to the improvement of maternal, neonatal and child health (MNCH) is not widely appreciated. This unfortunate reality is one of the reasons why so few priority countries failed to achieve the health-related Millennium Development Goals by 2015. This article provides a summary of a series of articles about the effectiveness of CBPHC in improving MNCH and offers recommendations from an Expert Panel for strengthening CBPHC that were formulated in 2008 and have been updated on the basis of more recent evidence...
June 2017: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685045/comprehensive-review-of-the-evidence-regarding-the-effectiveness-of-community-based-primary-health-care-in-improving-maternal-neonatal-and-child-health-7-shared-characteristics-of-projects-with-evidence-of-long-term-mortality-impact
#8
Henry B Perry, Bahie M Rassekh, Sundeep Gupta, Paul A Freeman
BACKGROUND: There is limited evidence about the long-term effectiveness of integrated community-based primary health care (CBPHC) in improving maternal, neonatal and child health. However, the interventions implemented and the approaches used by projects with such evidence can provide guidance for ending preventable child and maternal deaths by the year 2030. METHODS: A database of 700 assessments of the effectiveness of CBPHC in improving maternal, neonatal and child health has been assembled, as described elsewhere in this series...
June 2017: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685041/comprehensive-review-of-the-evidence-regarding-the-effectiveness-of-community-based-primary-health-care-in-improving-maternal-neonatal-and-child-health-3-neonatal-health-findings
#9
Emma Sacks, Paul A Freeman, Kwame Sakyi, Mary Carol Jennings, Bahie M Rassekh, Sundeep Gupta, Henry B Perry
BACKGROUND: As the number of deaths among children younger than 5 years of age continues to decline globally through programs to address the health of older infants, neonatal mortality is becoming an increasingly large proportion of under-5 deaths. Lack of access to safe delivery care, emergency obstetric care and postnatal care continue to be challenges for reducing neonatal mortality. This article reviews the available evidence regarding the effectiveness of community-based primary health care (CBPHC) and common components of programs aiming to improve health during the first 28 days of life...
June 2017: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685040/comprehensive-review-of-the-evidence-regarding-the-effectiveness-of-community-based-primary-health-care-in-improving-maternal-neonatal-and-child-health-2-maternal-health-findings
#10
Mary Carol Jennings, Subarna Pradhan, Meike Schleiff, Emma Sacks, Paul A Freeman, Sundeep Gupta, Bahie M Rassekh, Henry B Perry
BACKGROUND: We summarize the findings of assessments of projects, programs, and research studies (collectively referred to as projects) included in a larger review of the effectiveness of community-based primary health care (CBPHC) in improving maternal, neonatal and child health (MNCH). Findings on neonatal and child health are reported elsewhere in this series. METHODS: We searched PUBMED and other databases through December 2015, and included assessments that underwent data extraction...
June 2017: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674563/-type-i-diabetes-mellitus-in-children-less-than-5-years-case-study-conducted-at-the-university-clinics-of-lubumbashi-and-review-of-the-literature
#11
REVIEW
Maguy Ngongo Omoy, Didier Munganga Ngoy, Eric Kasamba Ilunga, DonDieu Bafwafwa Ntumba, Gray Kanteng A Wakamb, Stanis Wembonyama Okitosho, Oscar Luboya Numbi
Worldwide trends in type I diabetes mellitus (T1DM) are changing. It is increasingly affecting children of less than 5 years. The smaller the child, the greater the complexity of patient management. A delay in diagnosis or poor treatment can cause sudden death due to acute severe complications. It would be worth looking at this, raising public awareness, adapting our healthcare system to face this epidemic of noncommunicable diseases in Africa and establishing registers to analyze the epidemiological characteristics of type I diabetes mellitus in our environment...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670790/informing-infant-and-young-child-feeding-programming-in-humanitarian-emergencies-an-evidence-map-of-reviews-including-low-and-middle-income-countries
#12
REVIEW
Claudine Prudhon, Prisca Benelli, Ali Maclaine, Paige Harrigan, Jacqueline Frize
Around 200 million people were affected by conflict and natural disasters in 2015. Whereas those populations are at a particular high risk of death, optimal breastfeeding and complementary feeding practices could prevent almost 20% of deaths amongst children less than 5 years old. Yet, coverage of interventions for improving infant and young child feeding (IYCF) practices in emergencies is low, partly due to lack of evidence. Considering the paucity of data generated in emergencies to inform programming, we conducted an evidence map from reviews that included low- and middle-income countries and looked at several interventions: (a) social and behavioural change interpersonal and mass communication for promoting breastfeeding and adequate complementary feeding; (b) provision of donated complementary food; (c) home-based fortification with multiple micronutrient powder; (d) capacity building; (e) cash transfers; (f) agricultural or fresh food supply interventions; and (g) psychological support to caretakers...
July 3, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662440/review-of-serious-events-in-cases-of-suspected-child-abuse-and-or-neglect-a-rose-by-any-other-name
#13
Shanti Raman, Michelle Maiese, Viviana Vasquez, Paola Gordon, Jennifer M Jones
Child abuse and neglect (CAN) cases presenting to health-services may be complex; when things go seriously wrong such as a child death or near miss, cases are reviewed and health-services and professionals subject to intense scrutiny. While there are a variety of mechanisms to review critical incidents in health-services no formal process for the review of cases where child protection is the primary concern exists in Australia. We aimed to develop a systematic process to review serious events in cases of suspected CAN across two health districts in Sydney, so that shared learnings could fuel system change...
June 26, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645514/bcl-xl-deamidation-and-cancer-charting-the-fame-trajectories-of-legitimate-child-and-hidden-siblings
#14
REVIEW
Florian Beaumatin, Mohamad El Dhaybi, Claude Bobo, Mireille Verdier, Muriel Priault
Bcl-2 family proteins control programmed cell death through a complex network of interactions within and outside of this family, that are modulated by post-translational modifications (PTM). Bcl-xL, an anti-apoptotic member of this family, is overexpressed in a number of cancers, plays an important role in tumorigenesis and is correlated with drug resistance. Bcl-xL is susceptible to a number of different PTMs. Here, we focus on deamidation. We will first provide an overview of protein deamidation. We will then review how the apoptotic and autophagic functions of Bcl-xL are modified by this PTM, and how this impacts on its oncogenic properties...
June 21, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639706/exercise-for-pregnant-women-with-gestational-diabetes-for-improving-maternal-and-fetal-outcomes
#15
REVIEW
Julie Brown, Gilles Ceysens, Michel Boulvain
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is associated with both short- and long-term complications for the mother and her baby. Exercise interventions may be useful in helping with glycaemic control and improve maternal and infant outcomes.The original review on Exercise for diabetic pregnant women has been split into two new review titles reflecting the role of exercise for pregnant women with gestational diabetes and for pregnant women with pre-existing diabetes. Exercise for pregnant women with gestational diabetes for improving maternal and fetal outcomes (this review) Exercise for pregnant women with pre-existing diabetes for improving maternal and fetal outcomes OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects of exercise interventions for improving maternal and fetal outcomes in women with GDM...
June 22, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626255/underlying-cause-of-death-recorded-during-2013-to-2015-at-a-tertiary-general-hospital-in-vientiane-capital-lao-pdr
#16
Bounfeng Phoummalaysith, Viengsakhone Louangpradith, Tavanh Manivon, Bounxou Keohavong, Eiko Yamamoto, Nobuyuki Hamajima
In Lao People's Democratic Republic (Lao PDR), the cause of death is not registered in death reports. As a result, the government cannot produce official reports that show mortality according to cause of death. This study aimed to report the underlying cause of death in a tertiary general hospital (Mittaphab Hospital) in Vientiane capital. Mittaphab hospital is a governmental teaching hospital with 300 beds for inpatient services specialized in orthopedics, neurology, and hemodialysis. Since a children hospital exists beside Mittaphab Hospital, severe pediatric cases are referred to the child hospital...
February 2017: Nagoya Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586578/electrophysiological-changes-in-patients-with-liver-cirrhosis-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-karachi-pakistan
#17
Om Parkash, Ghulam Rehman Mohyuddin, Adil Ayub, Irfan Nazir, Arslan Arif Maan, Saeed Hamid
BACKGROUND: Electrophysiological changes in cirrhosis are well known but least investigated especially in our country hence we wanted to see electrophysiological changes especially QT interval in cirrhotic patients. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted at Aga Khan University Hospital Karachi (AKUH) in which medical records (duration 2008-2010) of cirrhotic patients were reviewed. RESULTS: Three hundred and eighty cirrhotic patients' charts were studied, 227 (59...
October 2016: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584736/maternal-near-miss-audit-lessons-to-be-learnt
#18
REVIEW
Meenakshi Kalhan, Srishti Singh, Anita Punia, Jai Prakash
Mother and child constitute a large, vulnerable, and a priority group as the risk is involved with childbearing in women and of growth and development in children. For every woman who dies from pregnancy or childbirth-related causes, it is estimated that twenty more suffer from pregnancy-related illness or experience other severe complications. These women who nearly escape death are categorized under "near miss" which has been defined as "a woman who nearly died but survived a complication that occurred during pregnancy, childbirth or within 42 days of termination of pregnancy...
April 2017: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557632/an-exploratory-analysis-of-the-notable-activities-of-u-s-child-death-review-teams
#19
Emily M Douglas, Sarah B Ahola, Morgan L Proulx
Child death review teams (CDRTs) focus on the prevention of child deaths, but a comprehensive understanding of their activities is lacking. This exploratory study addressed this gap through a qualitative analysis of reported CDRT activities using the "spectrum of prevention" framework. We collected state-level CDRT reports published 2006-2015, recorded their activities (n = 193), and coded them using the "spectrum of prevention" framework. The highest percentage (64.2%) of activities was categorized under "fostering coalitions and networks...
May 30, 2017: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555180/risk-factors-for-neurocognitive-functioning-in-children-with-autosomal-recessive-polycystic-kidney-disease
#20
REVIEW
Stephen R Hooper
This mini review provides an overview of the issues and challenges inherent in autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease (ARPKD), with a particular focus on the neurological factors and neurocognitive functioning of this population. ARPKD typically is discovered at the end of pregnancy or during the neonatal developmental period and occurs in approximately 1 in 20,000 live births. During the neonatal period, there is a relatively high risk of death, with many infants dying from respiratory failure. As the child ages, they experience progressive kidney disease and become increasingly vulnerable to liver disease, with many individuals eventually requiring dual organ transplants...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
keyword
keyword
62912
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"