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SPPB screening in the elderly

Médéa Locquet, Charlotte Beaudart, Jean-Yves Reginster, Jean Petermans, Olivier Bruyère
Background: Sarcopenia leads to serious adverse health consequences. There is a dearth of screening tools for this condition, and performances of these instruments have rarely been evaluated. Our aim was to compare the performance of five screening tools for identifying elders at risk of sarcopenia against five diagnostic definitions. Subjects and methods: We gathered cross-sectional data of elders from the SarcoPhAge ("Sarco"penia and "Ph"ysical Impairment with Advancing "Age") study...
2018: Clinical Epidemiology
Jin Chul Kim, Jinmann Chon, Hee Sang Kim, Jong Ha Lee, Seung Don Yoo, Dong Hwan Kim, Seung Ah Lee, Yoo Jin Han, Hyun Seok Lee, Bae Youl Lee, Yun Soo Soh, Chang Won Won
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between baseline characteristics, three physical performance tests and fall history in a sample of the elderly from Korean population. METHODS: A total of 307 participants (mean age, 76.70±4.85 years) were categorized into one of two groups, i.e., fallers and non-fallers. Fifty-two participants who had reported falling unexpectedly at least once in the previous 12 months were assigned to the fallers group. Physical performance tests included Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB), Berg Balance Scale (BBS), Timed Up and Go test...
April 2017: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
Kah Poh Loh, Chintan Pandya, Jason Zittel, Sindhuja Kadambi, Marie Flannery, Natalie Reizine, Allison Magnuson, Giovanna Braganza, Karen Mustian, William Dale, Paul Duberstein, Supriya Gupta Mohile
PURPOSE: Although sleep disturbances are common in older adults, studies evaluating the prevalence of sleep disturbance and its influence on functional outcomes in older adults with cancer are few. In this study, we examined the prevalence of sleep disturbance and its association with physical function and cognition in older adults with cancer. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study of patients who were referred and evaluated in the Specialized Oncology Care & Research in the Elderly (SOCARE) clinics at the Universities of Rochester and Chicago from May 2011 to October 2015...
October 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
David B Matchar, Pamela W Duncan, Christopher T Lien, Marcus Eng Hock Ong, Mina Lee, Fei Gao, Rita Sim, Kirsten Eom
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of a multifactorial, tailored program of physical therapy to reduce the occurrence of falls among a heterogeneous group of high-risk elderly Singaporeans recently discharged from the emergency department (ED). DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Communities. PARTICIPANTS: Adults (N=354) aged ≥65 years who were seen in the ED for a fall or fall-related injuries and discharged home...
June 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Shinya Tanaka, Kentaro Kamiya, Nobuaki Hamazaki, Ryota Matsuzawa, Kohei Nozaki, Emi Maekawa, Chiharu Noda, Minako Yamaoka-Tojo, Atsuhiko Matsunaga, Takashi Masuda, Junya Ako
OBJECTIVES: A simple and inexpensive tool for screening of sarcopenia would be helpful for clinicians. The present study was performed to determine whether the SARC-F questionnaire is useful in screening of patients with cardiovascular disease (CVD) for impaired physical function. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Single university hospital. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 235 Japanese patients ≥65 years old admitted to our hospital for CVD...
February 1, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
V Soler, S Sourdet, L Balardy, G Abellan van Kan, D Brechemier, M E Rougé-Bugat, N Tavassoli, M Cassagne, F Malecaze, F Nourhashémi, B Vellas
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate visual performance and factors associated with abnormal vision in patients screened for frailty at the Geriatric Frailty Clinic (GFC) for Assessment of Frailty and Prevention of Disability at Toulouse University Hospital. DESIGN: Retrospective, observational cross-sectional, single-centre study. SETTING: Institutional practice. PARTICIPANTS: Patients were screened for frailty during a single-day hospital stay between October 2011 and October 2014 (n = 1648)...
2016: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
Ewa Zasadzka, Sylwia Kropińska, Mariola Pawlaczyk, Roma Krzymińska-Siemaszko, Przemysław Lisiński, Katarzyna Wieczorowska-Tobis
Purpose] The aim of the study was to analyze the impact of inpatient rehabilitation on the functional status of the elderly. [Subjects and Methods] A total of 100 patients (>65 years of age) in a rehabilitation ward were enrolled in this study. Age, absence of depression and signs of dementia in screening tests constituted the inclusion criteria. A comprehensive geriatric assessment was performed of all of the subjects twice, at the beginning and end of hospitalization (Assessments I and II, respectively), and included fall risk assessment (Timed Up and Go Test, TUG), evaluation of physical function (Short Physical Performance Battery Test, SPPB), the handgrip strength test, as well as patients' self-reports of pain intensity, well-being and functional status...
January 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Jennifer S Gewandter, William Dale, Allison Magnuson, Chintan Pandya, Charles E Heckler, Tatyana Lemelman, Breton Roussel, Rafa Ifthikhar, James Dolan, Katia Noyes, Supriya G Mohile
OBJECTIVE: In older patients with cancer, we aimed to investigate associations between a patient-reported outcome measure for sarcopenia (SarcoPRO) and the Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB), self-reported falls, and limitations in instrumental activities of daily living (IADLs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Assessments were conducted as part of the initial evaluation of older, often frail, patients with cancer seen in the Specialized Oncology Care and Research in the Elderly (SOCARE) clinic...
November 2015: Journal of Geriatric Oncology
Frederic Pamoukdjian, Elena Paillaud, Laurent Zelek, Marie Laurent, Vincent Lévy, Thierry Landre, Georges Sebbane
Several frailty screening tests in older cancer patients were developed but their statistical performance is low. We aimed to assess whether measurement of usual gait speed (GS) alone could be used as a frailty screening test in older cancer patients. This systematic review was conducted on "pub med" between 1984 and 2014 and included reviews and original studies. Eligibility criteria were: GS over a short distance, alone or included in composite walking tests (Timed Get Up and Go test: TGUG, Short Physical Performance Battery: SPPB) in older people (aged 65 and over) living in a community setting and predictive value of GS on medical complications associated with frailty...
November 2015: Journal of Geriatric Oncology
Violet S Lagari, Orlando Gómez-Marín, Silvina Levis
Hypovitaminosis D has been associated with age-related physical decline and an increased risk for falls. The objective of this study is to test whether supplementation with 4000IU of vitamin D(3) (vitD(3)) for 9 months will improve, or slow down the decline of the ability to perform physical tests which have been associated with the preservation of independence in sedentary older men. We describe the study design and the baseline characteristics of the 314 men screened in the VIVA-VA Study (Vitamin D In Vulnerable Adults in the VA), a 2-year, single-site, double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized clinical trial that enrolled sedentary male veterans ages 65 to 95...
September 2014: Contemporary Clinical Trials
N Tavassoli, S Guyonnet, G Abellan Van Kan, S Sourdet, T Krams, M E Soto, J Subra, B Chicoulaa, A Ghisolfi, L Balardy, P Cestac, Y Rolland, S Andrieu, F Nourhashemi, S Oustric, M Cesari, B Vellas
INTRODUCTION: Frailty is considered as an early stage of disability which, differently from disability, is still amenable for preventive interventions and is reversible. In 2011, the "Geriatric Frailty Clinic (G.F.C) for Assessment of Frailty and Prevention of Disability" was created in Toulouse, France, in association with the University Department of General Medicine and the Midi-Pyrénées Regional Health Authority. This structure aims to support the comprehensive and multidisciplinary assessment of frail older persons, to identify the specific causes of frailty and to design a personalized preventive plan of intervention against disability...
May 2014: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
Saionara Maria Aires da Câmara, Beatriz Eugenia Alvarado, Jack M Guralnik, Ricardo Oliveira Guerra, Alvaro Campos Cavalcanti Maciel
AIM: To analyze the Short Physical Performance Battery's (SPPB) ability in screening for frailty in community-dwelling young elderly from cities with distinct socioeconomic conditions. METHODS: Elderly (65-74 years-of-age) from Canada (Saint Bruno; n = 60) and Brazil (Santa Cruz; n = 64) were evaluated with the SPPB to assess physical performance. Frailty was defined as the presence of ≥ 3 of the following criteria: weight loss, exhaustion, weakness, mobility limitation and low physical activity...
April 2013: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
J E Morley, T K Malmstrom, D K Miller
OBJECTIVE: To validate the FRAIL scale. DESIGN: Longitudinal study. SETTING: Community. PARTICIPANTS: Representative sample of African Americans age 49 to 65 years at onset of study. MEASUREMENTS: The 5-item FRAIL scale (fatigue, resistance, ambulation, illnesses, and loss of weight), at baseline and activities of daily living (ADLs), instrumental activities of daily living (IADLs), mortality, short physical performance battery (SPPB), gait speed, one-leg stand, grip strength and injurious falls at baseline and 9 years...
July 2012: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
Ayse Tellioglu, Sibel Basaran, Rengin Guzel, Gulsah Seydaoglu
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate and compare the effects and safety of high dose intramuscular (IM) or oral cholecalciferol on 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] levels, muscle strength and physical performance in vitamin D deficient/insufficient elderly. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized prospective study. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: 116 ambulatory individuals aged 65 years or older living in a nursing home were evaluated. Eligible patients with 25(OH)D levels <30 ng/ml (n=66) were randomized to IM or Oral groups according to the administration route of 600,000 IU cholecalciferol...
August 2012: Maturitas
R Turner Goins, Kim Innes, Lili Dong
The objective of this study was to use performance-based measurements to identify, in a population of community-dwelling American Indians aged 55 and older, the prevalence and correlates of lower body functioning. Data were collected as part of a cross-sectional study of disability from members of a tribe in the southeast. Lower body functioning was measured using the Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB), where higher scores reflect better functioning. Independent variables included age, sex, marital status, educational attainment, current cigarette smoking, physical activity, body mass index (BMI), hearing loss, vision loss, bone or joint trauma, chronic pain syndrome, osteoporosis, medical comorbidity, and depressive symptomatology...
March 2012: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
Jeffrey A Katula, Stephen B Kritchevsky, Jack M Guralnik, Nancy W Glynn, Leslie Pruitt, Kristin Wallace, Michael P Walkup, Fang-Chi Hsu, Stephanie A Studenski, Thomas M Gill, Erik J Groessl, Jason M Wallace, Marco Pahor
OBJECTIVES: To describe several recruitment parameters derived from the Lifestyle Interventions and Independence for Elders pilot (LIFE-P) study for use in a full-scale trial of mobility disability prevention. DESIGN: A description of the recruiting methods and baseline characteristics of a four-site randomized, controlled trial testing the effectiveness of a physical activity intervention at preventing mobility disability. SETTING: The Cooper Institute, Dallas, Texas; Stanford University, Stanford, California; University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania; and Wake Forest University, Winston-Salem, North Carolina...
May 2007: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
Stefania Bandinelli, Fulvio Lauretani, Vittorio Boscherini, Francesca Gandi, Martina Pozzi, Anna Maria Corsi, Benedetta Bartali, Raffaello Molino Lova, Jack M Guralnik, Luigi Ferrucci
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: We describe the enrollment and intervention phases of FRASI (FRAilty, Screening and Intervention), a randomized controlled trial aimed at preventing ADL disability in frail older persons screened in primary care. METHODS: Patients, 70-85 years old, non-disabled and noncognitively impaired, were screened for frailty (score < or = 9 on the Short Physical Performance Battery, SPPB) during primary care visits. Of 447 eligible persons, 410 came to the study clinic and 251 were randomized into treatment (n=126) and control groups (n=125)...
October 2006: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
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