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SPPB in the elderly

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796963/the-frailty-in-elderly-patients-receiving-cardiac-interventional-procedures-fraser-program-rational-and-design-of-a-multicenter-prospective-study
#1
Gianluca Campo, Rita Pavasini, Elisa Maietti, Elisabetta Tonet, Paolo Cimaglia, Giulia Scillitani, Giulia Bugani, Matteo Serenelli, Fatima Zaraket, Cristina Balla, Filippo Trevisan, Simone Biscaglia, Biagio Sassone, Marcello Galvani, Roberto Ferrari, Stefano Volpato
BACKGROUND: Frailty has become a high-priority issue in cardiovascular medicine because of the aging of cardiovascular patients. Simple and reproducible tools to assess frailty in elderly patients are clearly on demand. Their application may help physicians in the selection of invasive and medical treatments and in the timing and modality of the follow-up. The frailty in elderly patients receiving cardiac interventional procedures (FRASER) program is designed with the aim to validate the use of the short physical performance battery (SPPB) as prognostic tools in patients admitted to hospital for acute coronary syndrome (ACS)...
October 28, 2016: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757387/the-reliability-and-validity-of-gait-speed-with-different-walking-pace-and-distances-against-general-health-physical-function-and-chronic-disease-in-aged-adults
#2
Hee-Jae Kim, Ilhyoek Park, Hyo Joo Lee, On Lee
PURPOSE: Gait speed is an important objective values associated with several health-related outcomes including functional mobility in aging people. However, walking test methodologies and descriptions are not standardized considering specific aims of research. This study examine the reliability and validity of gait speed measured at various distances and paces in elderly Koreans. METHODS: Fifty-four female participants ≥70 years of age were recruited from a local retirement community...
September 2016: Journal of Exercise Nutrition & Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27723277/hyperuricemia-is-a-significant-predictor-of-poor-physical-performance-in-the-elderly-the-pro-v-a-study
#3
Nicola Veronese, Brendon Stubbs, Caterina Trevisan, Francesco Bolzetta, Marina De Rui, Stefania Maggi, Leonardo Sartori, Estella Musacchio, Sabina Zambon, Egle Perissinotto, Marianna Noale, Gaetano Crepaldi, Enzo Manzato, Giuseppe Sergi
OBJECTIVES: Hyperuricemia (HU) is frequent in older people and associated with several medical conditions. The relationship between HU and physical performance is limited. We aimed to investigate the association between HU and physical performance over a 4.4 year follow-up in the elderly. METHODS: 1,904 community-dwelling older participants were followed for a mean of 4.4 years. HU at baseline was defined using serum uric acid (SUA) concentrations ≥ 6 and 7 mg/dl for women and men, respectively...
October 9, 2016: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27709237/visual-impairment-screening-at-the-geriatric-frailty-clinic-for-assessment-of-frailty-and-prevention-of-disability-at-the-g%C3%A3-rontop%C3%A3-le
#4
V Soler, S Sourdet, L Balardy, G Abellan van Kan, D Brechemier, M E Rougé-Bugat, N Tavassoli, M Cassagne, F Malecaze, F Nourhashémi, B Vellas
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate visual performance and factors associated with abnormal vision in patients screened for frailty at the Geriatric Frailty Clinic (GFC) for Assessment of Frailty and Prevention of Disability at Toulouse University Hospital. DESIGN: Retrospective, observational cross-sectional, single-centre study. SETTING: Institutional practice. PARTICIPANTS: Patients were screened for frailty during a single-day hospital stay between October 2011 and October 2014 (n = 1648)...
2016: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27588891/fear-of-falling-reduced-by-a-lay-led-home-based-program-in-frail-community-dwelling-older-adults-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#5
A Kapan, E Luger, S Haider, S Titze, K Schindler, C Lackinger, T E Dorner
BACKGROUND: In older adults, fear of falling (FOF) leads to a decline in daily physical activity quality of life and an increased risk of falling. The aim of this randomised controlled trial was to assess the effects of a 12-week home-based intervention program carried out by lay volunteers on FOF in frail older adults. METHODS: Thirty-nine participants were randomised to a physical training and nutrition (PTN) group and 41 participants to a social support (SOSU) group...
January 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27568165/predictors-of-change-in-physical-function-among-older-adults-in-response-to-long-term-structured-physical-activity-the-life-study
#6
Andrew S Layne, Fang-Chi Hsu, Steven N Blair, Shyh-Huei Chen, Jennifer Dungan, Roger A Fielding, Nancy W Glynn, Alexandra M Hajduk, Abby C King, Todd M Manini, Anthony P Marsh, Marco Pahor, Christine A Pellegrini, Thomas W Buford
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the extent of variability in functional responses among participants in the LIFE study, and to identify the relative contributions of intervention adherence, physical activity, and demographic and health characteristics to this variability. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of the Lifestyle Interventions and Independence for Elders (LIFE) study. SETTING: Multicenter U.S. institutions participating in the LIFE study. PARTICIPANTS: A volunteer sample of 1635 sedentary men and women aged 70 to 89 years who were able to walk 400 m, but had physical limitations, defined as a score on the Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB) of ≤9...
August 24, 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27470299/a-comparison-of-objective-physical-performance-tests-and-future-mortality-in-the-elderly-people
#7
Nicola Veronese, Brendon Stubbs, Luigi Fontana, Caterina Trevisan, Francesco Bolzetta, Marina De Rui, Leonardo Sartori, Estella Musacchio, Sabina Zambon, Stefania Maggi, Egle Perissinotto, Maria Chiara Corti, Gaetano Crepaldi, Enzo Manzato, Giuseppe Sergi
BACKGROUND: Physical performance is an important predictor of mortality, but little is known on the comparative prognostic utility of different objective physical performance tests in community-dwelling older adults. We compared the prognostic usefulness of several objective physical performance tests on mortality, adjusting our analyses for potential confounders. METHODS: Among 3,099 older community-dwelling participants included in the Progetto Veneto Anziani study, 2,096 were followed for a mean of 4...
July 28, 2016: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27439082/cardiovascular-events-in-a-physical-activity-intervention-compared-with-a-successful-aging-intervention-the-life-study-randomized-trial
#8
Anne B Newman, John A Dodson, Timothy S Church, Thomas W Buford, Roger A Fielding, Stephen Kritchevsky, Daniel Beavers, Marco Pahor, Randall S Stafford, Anita D Szady, Walter T Ambrosius, Mary M McDermott
IMPORTANCE: Whether sustained physical activity prevents cardiovascular disease (CVD) events in older adults is uncertain. OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that cardiovascular morbidity and mortality would be reduced in participants in a long-term physical activity program. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: The Lifestyle Interventions and Independence for Elders (LIFE) study was a multicenter, randomized trial. Participants were recruited at 8 centers in the United States...
August 1, 2016: JAMA Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27262950/nutritional-status-physical-performance-and-disability-in-the-elderly-of-the-peruvian-andes
#9
Alessandra Tramontano, Nicola Veronese, Valter Giantin, Enzo Manzato, Diana Rodriguez-Hurtado, Caterina Trevisan, Francesca De Zaiacomo, Giuseppe Sergi
BACKGROUND: Although nutritional status plays an important part in the physical performance and disability of older people, this relationship has been little studied in developing countries. AIMS: A study on the effects of nutritional status on the physical performance and functional status of elderly people living in rural areas of the Peruvian Andes. METHODS: The study concerned 222 people aged ≥65 years living in a rural area of the Peruvian Andes...
June 4, 2016: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27239241/sensory-motor-training-targeting-motor-dysfunction-and-muscle-weakness-in-long-term-care-elderly-combined-with-motivational-strategies-a-single-blind-randomized-controlled-study
#10
Slavko Rogan, Lorenz Radlinger, Heiner Baur, Dietmar Schmidtbleicher, Rob A de Bie, Eling D de Bruin
BACKGROUND: This study evaluated the effects of a combined innovative training regime consisting of stochastic resonance whole-body vibration (SR-WBV) and a dance video game (DVG) on physical performance and muscle strength in long-term-care dwelling elderly. METHODS: Thirthy long-term-care elderly were randomly allocated to an intervention group (IG; n = 16) receiving combined SR-WBV training and DVG, or a sham group (SG; n = 14). IG performed five sets one minute of SR-WBV, with one minute rest between sets (base frequency 3 Hz up to 6 Hz, Noise 4) during the first five weeks on three days per week...
2016: European Review of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27235850/what-physical-performance-measures-predict-incident-cognitive-decline-among-intact-older-adults-a-4-4year-follow-up-study
#11
Nicola Veronese, Brendon Stubbs, Caterina Trevisan, Francesco Bolzetta, Marina De Rui, Marco Solmi, Leonardo Sartori, Estella Musacchio, Sabina Zambon, Egle Perissinotto, Gaetano Crepaldi, Enzo Manzato, Giuseppe Sergi
Reductions in physical performance, cognitive impairment (CI) and decline (CD), are common in older age, but few prospective cohort studies have considered the relationship between these domains. In this study we investigated whether reduced physical performance and low handgrip/lower limbs strength, could predict a higher incidence of CI/CD during a 4-year follow-up among a cohort of elderly individuals. From 3099 older community-dwelling individuals initially enrolled in the Progetto Veneto Anziani (PRO.V...
August 2016: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27138245/effects-of-an-integrated-health-education-and-elastic-band-resistance-training-program-on-physical-function-and-muscle-strength-in-community-dwelling-elderly-women-healthy-aging-and-happy-aging%C3%A2-ii-study
#12
Seung-Lyul Oh, Hee-Jae Kim, Shinae Woo, Be-Long Cho, Misoon Song, Yeon-Hwan Park, Jae-Young Lim, Wook Song
AIM: In the present study, we determined the effect of an integrated health education and elastic band resistance training program on body composition, physical function, muscle strength and quality in community-dwelling elderly women. METHODS: We recruited participants with eligibility inclusion criteria, and randomly assigned them to either the control group (n = 19) or the intervention group (n = 19). The integrated intervention program comprised of health education and individual counseling, and elastic band training for 18 weeks (8 weeks of supervised training and 10 weeks of self-directed training)...
May 3, 2016: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27084585/the-relationship-between-mitochondrial-function-and-walking-performance-in-older-adults-with-a-wide-range-of-physical-function
#13
Adam J Santanasto, Paul M Coen, Nancy W Glynn, Kevin E Conley, Sharon A Jubrias, Francesca Amati, Elsa S Strotmeyer, Robert M Boudreau, Bret H Goodpaster, Anne B Newman
BACKGROUND: Age related declines in walking performance may be partly attributable to skeletal muscle mitochondrial dysfunction as mitochondria produce over 90% of ATP needed for movement and the capacity for oxidative phosphorylation decreases with age. METHODS: Participants were from two studies: an ancillary to the Lifestyle Interventions and Independence for Elders (LIFE) Study (n=33), which recruited lower functioning participants (Short Physical Performance Battery [SPPB], 7...
August 2016: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27065526/effects-of-inpatient-physical-therapy-on-the-functional-status-of-elderly-individuals
#14
Ewa Zasadzka, Sylwia Kropińska, Mariola Pawlaczyk, Roma Krzymińska-Siemaszko, Przemysław Lisiński, Katarzyna Wieczorowska-Tobis
Purpose] The aim of the study was to analyze the impact of inpatient rehabilitation on the functional status of the elderly. [Subjects and Methods] A total of 100 patients (>65 years of age) in a rehabilitation ward were enrolled in this study. Age, absence of depression and signs of dementia in screening tests constituted the inclusion criteria. A comprehensive geriatric assessment was performed of all of the subjects twice, at the beginning and end of hospitalization (Assessments I and II, respectively), and included fall risk assessment (Timed Up and Go Test, TUG), evaluation of physical function (Short Physical Performance Battery Test, SPPB), the handgrip strength test, as well as patients' self-reports of pain intensity, well-being and functional status...
January 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26980452/poor-preoperative-nutritional-status-is-an-important-predictor-of-the-retardation-of-rehabilitation-after-cardiac-surgery-in-elderly-cardiac-patients
#15
Masato Ogawa, Kazuhiro P Izawa, Seimi Satomi-Kobayashi, Aki Kitamura, Rei Ono, Yoshitada Sakai, Yutaka Okita
BACKGROUND: Preoperative nutritional status and physical function are important predictors of mortality and morbidity after cardiac surgery. However, the influence of nutritional status before cardiac surgery on physical function and the progress of postoperative rehabilitation requires clarification. AIMS: To determine the effect of preoperative nutritional status on preoperative physical function and progress of rehabilitation after elective cardiac surgery. METHODS: We enrolled 131 elderly patients with mean age of 73...
March 15, 2016: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26786303/-mobility-assessment-in-elderly-people-description-of-measuring-instruments-for-mobility-a-review
#16
REVIEW
Francisco Javier Rubio Castañeda, Concepción Tomás Aznar, Carmen Muro Baquero, Johanna Chico Guerra
BACKGROUND: People over 65 are the ones who have higher levels of functional limitations. There are many instruments to measure mobility in this age range that causes a lack of international consensus on what are the most suitable for this purpose. The aim is to analyze and identify which instruments provide greater data reliability and validity in measuring mobility in elderly people. METHODS: Systematic review of the instruments used to measure mobility in people over 65 years published between 2001-2013, conducted in PubMed and Science Direct...
November 2015: Revista Española de Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26689868/nutritional-status-body-composition-and-quality-of-life-in-community-dwelling-sarcopenic-and-non-sarcopenic-older-adults-a-case-control-study
#17
Sjors Verlaan, Terry J Aspray, Juergen M Bauer, Tommy Cederholm, Jaimie Hemsworth, Tom R Hill, Jamie S McPhee, Mathew Piasecki, Chris Seal, Cornel C Sieber, Sovianne Ter Borg, Sander L Wijers, Kirsten Brandt
BACKGROUND & AIM: Sarcopenia, the age-related decrease in muscle mass, strength, and function, is a main cause of reduced mobility, increased falls, fractures and nursing home admissions. Cross-sectional and prospective studies indicate that sarcopenia may be influenced in part by reversible factors like nutritional intake. The aim of this study was to compare functional and nutritional status, body composition, and quality of life of older adults between age and sex-matched older adults with and without sarcopenia...
November 27, 2015: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26643800/physical-frailty-in-older-people-with-severe-aortic-stenosis
#18
Shogo Fukui, Michiyuki Kawakami, Yohei Otaka, Aiko Ishikawa, Katsuhiro Mizuno, Tetsuya Tsuji, Kentaro Hayashida, Taku Inohara, Fumiaki Yashima, Meigen Liu
BACKGROUND: Assessment of physical frailty is important among elderly with severe aortic stenosis (AS) when considering treatment. AIMS: We aimed to: (1) investigate the prevalence of physical frailty in older people with severe AS and (2) examine factors related to physical frailty. METHODS: A total of 125 consecutive elderly AS patients (mean age 84.6 ± 4.4 year) were enrolled. Physical frailty was defined as scoring ≤8 points on the short physical performance battery (SPPB)...
December 7, 2015: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26560093/lower-limb-function-and-10-year-survival-in-population-aged-75-years-and-older
#19
Anna Arnau, Joan Espaulella, Teresa Méndez, Marta Serrarols, Judit Canudas, Francesc Formiga, Montserrat Ferrer
BACKGROUND: Scientific societies recommend assessing lower limb function in usual clinical practice. The Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB) is one of the most validated tools to assess this, but its capacity to predict long-term mortality in very old population attending primary care has not been studied. OBJECTIVE: To assess the ability of the SPPB to predict 10-year survival in individuals aged 75 and over. METHODS: Prospective cohort study with a 10-year follow-up...
February 2016: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26482694/effects-of-a-one-year-physical-activity-program-on-serum-c-terminal-agrin-fragment-caf-concentrations-among-mobility-limited-older-adults
#20
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
I Bondoc, S K Cochrane, T S Church, P Dahinden, S Hettwer, F-C Hsu, R S Stafford, M Pahor, T W Buford
OBJECTIVES: C-terminal Agrin Fragment (CAF) has been proposed as a potential circulating biomarker for predicting changes in physical function among older adults. To determine the effect of a one-year PA intervention on changes in CAF concentrations and to evaluate baseline and longitudinal associations between CAF concentrations and indices of physical function. DESIGN: Ancillary study to the Lifestyle Interventions and Independence for Elders Pilot (LIFE-P), a multi-site randomized clinical trial designed to evaluate the effects of chronic exercise on the physical function of older adults at risk for mobility disability...
November 2015: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
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