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SPPB in the elderly

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303397/association-of-the-baltic-sea-and-mediterranean-diets-with-indices-of-sarcopenia-in-elderly-women-osptre-fps-study
#1
Masoud Isanejad, Joonas Sirola, Jaakko Mursu, Toni Rikkonen, Heikki Kröger, Marjo Tuppurainen, Arja T Erkkilä
PURPOSE: To examine whether higher adherence to Baltic Sea diet (BSD) and Mediterranean diet (MED) have beneficial association with sarcopenia indices in elderly women. METHODS: In total 554 women, aged 65-72 years belonging to OSTPRE-FPS study answered a questionnaire on lifestyle factors and 3-day food record at baseline in 2002. Food consumptions and nutrient intakes were calculated. Nine components were selected to calculate BSD score. MED score was calculated using eight components...
March 16, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253047/effects-of-a-community-care-station-program-with-structured-exercise-intervention-on-physical-performance-and-balance-in-community-dwelling-older-adults-a-prospective-2-year-observational-study
#2
Chung-Chao Liang, Qi-Xing Change, Yu-Chou Hung, Chen Chizan-Chung, Chun-Hsiang Lin, Yu-Chun Wei, Jia-Ching Chen
The Taiwanese government has developed community care stations (CCSs) for community-based elderly care. We investigated the effects of a structured exercise intervention, applied at CCS for 6 months, on physical performance and balance in community-dwelling older adults, including a 2-year reassessment. Fifty-eight participants (aged 76.9± 6.3 years) participated in the study. The Elderly Mobility Scale, Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB), Timed Up and Go (TUG), gait speed, functional reach, one-leg-stance (OLS) and flexibility were evaluated at baseline, 6 months and 2 years...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244553/prevalence-of-concomitant-bone-and-muscle-wasting-in-elderly-women-from-the-sarcophage-cohort-preliminary-results
#3
M Locquet, C Beaudart, J-Y Reginster, J Petermans, S Gillain, A Quabron, J Slomian, F Buckinx, O Bruyère
BACKGROUND: Recent studies suggest that bone and muscle wasting are closely interconnected. OBJECTIVE: The aim was of this study is to assess the prevalence of osteoporosis in a population of women diagnosed with sarcopenia. Participants, setting and design: We analyzed cross-sectional data of women, aged 65 years and above, for whom bone mineral density was available at the time of inclusion in the SarcoPhAge (Sarcopenia and Physical impairment with advancing Age) cohort, an ongoing prospective study with the aim to assess consequences of sarcopenia...
2017: Journal of Frailty & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221668/effect-of-physical-activity-versus-health-education-on-physical-function-grip-strength-and-mobility
#4
Adam J Santanasto, Nancy W Glynn, Laura C Lovato, Steven N Blair, Roger A Fielding, Thomas M Gill, Jack M Guralnik, Fang-Chi Hsu, Abby C King, Elsa S Strotmeyer, Todd M Manini, Anthony P Marsh, Mary M McDermott, Bret H Goodpaster, Marco Pahor, Anne B Newman
BACKGROUND: Physical activity (PA) reduces the rate of mobility disability, compared with health education (HE), in at risk older adults. It is important to understand aspects of performance contributing to this benefit. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate intervention effects on tertiary physical performance outcomes. DESIGN: The Lifestyle Interventions and Independence for Elders (LIFE) was a multi-centered, single-blind randomized trial of older adults...
February 21, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202383/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-screening-risk-modification-and-physical-therapy-to-prevent-falls-among-the-elderly-recently-discharged-from-the-emergency-department-to-the-community-the-steps-to-avoid-falls-in-the-elderly-study
#5
David B Matchar, Pamela W Duncan, Christopher T C Lien, Marcus Eng Hock Ong, Mina Lee, Fei Gao, Rita Sim, Kirsten Eom
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of a multifactorial, tailored program of physical therapy to reduce the occurrence of falls among a heterogeneous group of high-risk elderly Singaporeans recently discharged from the Emergency Department (ED). DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Communities in Central and East regions in Singapore. PARTICIPANTS: 354 adults aged at least 65 years who were seen at ED for a fall or fall-related injuries and discharged home...
February 12, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112777/slow-gait-speed-is-an-independent-predictor-of-early-death-in-older-cancer-outpatients-results-from-a-prospective-cohort-study
#6
F Pamoukdjian, V Lévy, G Sebbane, M Boubaya, T Landre, C Bloch-Queyrat, E Paillaud, L Zelek
OBJECTIVE: To assess the predictive value of gait speed for early death in older outpatients with cancer. DESIGN: Prospective bicentric observational cohort study. SETTING: The Physical Frailty in Elder Cancer patients (PF-EC) study (France). PARTICIPANTS: One hundred and ninety outpatients with cancer during the first 6 months of follow up in the PF-EC study. MEASUREMENTS: The association between usual gait speed over 4 m alone (GS) or included in the short physical performance battery (SPPB) and overall survival within 6 months following a comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA)...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098134/-validity-reliability-and-associated-factors-of-the-international-physical-activity-questionnaire-adapted-to-elderly-ipaq-e
#7
Francisco Javier Rubio Castañeda, Concepción Tomás Aznar, Carmen Muro Baquero
OBJECTIVE: Physical activity contributes to improve health and reduce mortality in older people. The objective was to analyze the validity of content and reliability of the short version of IPAQ-E in elderly people who attended to Fernando el Católico health center between May 2013 and March 2015. METHODS: Validation study of the short version of the international physical activity questionnaire (IPAQ) adapted in Spanish elderly (IPAQ-E). Our sampling was for convenience...
January 18, 2017: Revista Española de Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043805/utility-of-sarc-f-for-assessing-physical-function-in-elderly-patients-with-cardiovascular-disease
#8
Shinya Tanaka, Kentaro Kamiya, Nobuaki Hamazaki, Ryota Matsuzawa, Kohei Nozaki, Emi Maekawa, Chiharu Noda, Minako Yamaoka-Tojo, Atsuhiko Matsunaga, Takashi Masuda, Junya Ako
OBJECTIVES: A simple and inexpensive tool for screening of sarcopenia would be helpful for clinicians. The present study was performed to determine whether the SARC-F questionnaire is useful in screening of patients with cardiovascular disease (CVD) for impaired physical function. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Single university hospital. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 235 Japanese patients ≥65 years old admitted to our hospital for CVD...
February 1, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796963/the-frailty-in-elderly-patients-receiving-cardiac-interventional-procedures-fraser-program-rational-and-design-of-a-multicenter-prospective-study
#9
Gianluca Campo, Rita Pavasini, Elisa Maietti, Elisabetta Tonet, Paolo Cimaglia, Giulia Scillitani, Giulia Bugani, Matteo Serenelli, Fatima Zaraket, Cristina Balla, Filippo Trevisan, Simone Biscaglia, Biagio Sassone, Marcello Galvani, Roberto Ferrari, Stefano Volpato
BACKGROUND: Frailty has become a high-priority issue in cardiovascular medicine because of the aging of cardiovascular patients. Simple and reproducible tools to assess frailty in elderly patients are clearly on demand. Their application may help physicians in the selection of invasive and medical treatments and in the timing and modality of the follow-up. The frailty in elderly patients receiving cardiac interventional procedures (FRASER) program is designed with the aim to validate the use of the short physical performance battery (SPPB) as prognostic tools in patients admitted to hospital for acute coronary syndrome (ACS)...
October 28, 2016: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757387/the-reliability-and-validity-of-gait-speed-with-different-walking-pace-and-distances-against-general-health-physical-function-and-chronic-disease-in-aged-adults
#10
Hee-Jae Kim, Ilhyoek Park, Hyo Joo Lee, On Lee
PURPOSE: Gait speed is an important objective values associated with several health-related outcomes including functional mobility in aging people. However, walking test methodologies and descriptions are not standardized considering specific aims of research. This study examine the reliability and validity of gait speed measured at various distances and paces in elderly Koreans. METHODS: Fifty-four female participants ≥70 years of age were recruited from a local retirement community...
September 2016: Journal of Exercise Nutrition & Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27723277/hyperuricemia-is-a-significant-predictor-of-poor-physical-performance-in-the-elderly-the-pro-v-a-study
#11
Nicola Veronese, Brendon Stubbs, Caterina Trevisan, Francesco Bolzetta, Marina De Rui, Stefania Maggi, Leonardo Sartori, Estella Musacchio, Sabina Zambon, Egle Perissinotto, Marianna Noale, Gaetano Crepaldi, Enzo Manzato, Giuseppe Sergi
OBJECTIVES: Hyperuricemia (HU) is frequent in older people and associated with several medical conditions. The relationship between HU and physical performance is limited. We aimed to investigate the association between HU and physical performance over a 4.4 year follow-up in the elderly. METHODS: 1,904 community-dwelling older participants were followed for a mean of 4.4 years. HU at baseline was defined using serum uric acid (SUA) concentrations ≥ 6 and 7 mg/dl for women and men, respectively...
October 9, 2016: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27709237/visual-impairment-screening-at-the-geriatric-frailty-clinic-for-assessment-of-frailty-and-prevention-of-disability-at-the-g%C3%A3-rontop%C3%A3-le
#12
V Soler, S Sourdet, L Balardy, G Abellan van Kan, D Brechemier, M E Rougé-Bugat, N Tavassoli, M Cassagne, F Malecaze, F Nourhashémi, B Vellas
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate visual performance and factors associated with abnormal vision in patients screened for frailty at the Geriatric Frailty Clinic (GFC) for Assessment of Frailty and Prevention of Disability at Toulouse University Hospital. DESIGN: Retrospective, observational cross-sectional, single-centre study. SETTING: Institutional practice. PARTICIPANTS: Patients were screened for frailty during a single-day hospital stay between October 2011 and October 2014 (n = 1648)...
2016: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27588891/fear-of-falling-reduced-by-a-lay-led-home-based-program-in-frail-community-dwelling-older-adults-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#13
A Kapan, E Luger, S Haider, S Titze, K Schindler, C Lackinger, T E Dorner
BACKGROUND: In older adults, fear of falling (FOF) leads to a decline in daily physical activity quality of life and an increased risk of falling. The aim of this randomised controlled trial was to assess the effects of a 12-week home-based intervention program carried out by lay volunteers on FOF in frail older adults. METHODS: Thirty-nine participants were randomised to a physical training and nutrition (PTN) group and 41 participants to a social support (SOSU) group...
January 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27568165/predictors-of-change-in-physical-function-in-older-adults-in-response-to-long-term-structured-physical-activity-the-life-study
#14
Andrew S Layne, Fang-Chi Hsu, Steven N Blair, Shyh-Huei Chen, Jennifer Dungan, Roger A Fielding, Nancy W Glynn, Alexandra M Hajduk, Abby C King, Todd M Manini, Anthony P Marsh, Marco Pahor, Christine A Pellegrini, Thomas W Buford
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the extent of variability in functional responses in participants in the Lifestyle Interventions and Independence for Elders (LIFE) study and to identify the relative contributions of intervention adherence, physical activity, and demographic and health characteristics to this variability. DESIGN: Secondary analysis. SETTING: Multicenter institutions. PARTICIPANTS: A volunteer sample (N=1635) of sedentary men and women aged 70 to 89 years who were able to walk 400m but had physical limitations, defined as a Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB) score of ≤9...
January 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27470299/a-comparison-of-objective-physical-performance-tests-and-future-mortality-in-the-elderly-people
#15
Nicola Veronese, Brendon Stubbs, Luigi Fontana, Caterina Trevisan, Francesco Bolzetta, Marina De Rui, Leonardo Sartori, Estella Musacchio, Sabina Zambon, Stefania Maggi, Egle Perissinotto, Maria Chiara Corti, Gaetano Crepaldi, Enzo Manzato, Giuseppe Sergi
Background: Physical performance is an important predictor of mortality, but little is known on the comparative prognostic utility of different objective physical performance tests in community-dwelling older adults. We compared the prognostic usefulness of several objective physical performance tests on mortality, adjusting our analyses for potential confounders. Methods: Among 3,099 older community-dwelling participants included in the Progetto Veneto Anziani study, 2,096 were followed for a mean of 4...
March 1, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27439082/cardiovascular-events-in-a-physical-activity-intervention-compared-with-a-successful-aging-intervention-the-life-study-randomized-trial
#16
Anne B Newman, John A Dodson, Timothy S Church, Thomas W Buford, Roger A Fielding, Stephen Kritchevsky, Daniel Beavers, Marco Pahor, Randall S Stafford, Anita D Szady, Walter T Ambrosius, Mary M McDermott
IMPORTANCE: Whether sustained physical activity prevents cardiovascular disease (CVD) events in older adults is uncertain. OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that cardiovascular morbidity and mortality would be reduced in participants in a long-term physical activity program. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: The Lifestyle Interventions and Independence for Elders (LIFE) study was a multicenter, randomized trial. Participants were recruited at 8 centers in the United States...
August 1, 2016: JAMA Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27262950/nutritional-status-physical-performance-and-disability-in-the-elderly-of-the-peruvian-andes
#17
Alessandra Tramontano, Nicola Veronese, Valter Giantin, Enzo Manzato, Diana Rodriguez-Hurtado, Caterina Trevisan, Francesca De Zaiacomo, Giuseppe Sergi
BACKGROUND: Although nutritional status plays an important part in the physical performance and disability of older people, this relationship has been little studied in developing countries. AIMS: A study on the effects of nutritional status on the physical performance and functional status of elderly people living in rural areas of the Peruvian Andes. METHODS: The study concerned 222 people aged ≥65 years living in a rural area of the Peruvian Andes...
December 2016: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27239241/sensory-motor-training-targeting-motor-dysfunction-and-muscle-weakness-in-long-term-care-elderly-combined-with-motivational-strategies-a-single-blind-randomized-controlled-study
#18
Slavko Rogan, Lorenz Radlinger, Heiner Baur, Dietmar Schmidtbleicher, Rob A de Bie, Eling D de Bruin
BACKGROUND: This study evaluated the effects of a combined innovative training regime consisting of stochastic resonance whole-body vibration (SR-WBV) and a dance video game (DVG) on physical performance and muscle strength in long-term-care dwelling elderly. METHODS: Thirthy long-term-care elderly were randomly allocated to an intervention group (IG; n = 16) receiving combined SR-WBV training and DVG, or a sham group (SG; n = 14). IG performed five sets one minute of SR-WBV, with one minute rest between sets (base frequency 3 Hz up to 6 Hz, Noise 4) during the first five weeks on three days per week...
2016: European Review of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27235850/what-physical-performance-measures-predict-incident-cognitive-decline-among-intact-older-adults-a-4-4year-follow-up-study
#19
Nicola Veronese, Brendon Stubbs, Caterina Trevisan, Francesco Bolzetta, Marina De Rui, Marco Solmi, Leonardo Sartori, Estella Musacchio, Sabina Zambon, Egle Perissinotto, Gaetano Crepaldi, Enzo Manzato, Giuseppe Sergi
Reductions in physical performance, cognitive impairment (CI) and decline (CD), are common in older age, but few prospective cohort studies have considered the relationship between these domains. In this study we investigated whether reduced physical performance and low handgrip/lower limbs strength, could predict a higher incidence of CI/CD during a 4-year follow-up among a cohort of elderly individuals. From 3099 older community-dwelling individuals initially enrolled in the Progetto Veneto Anziani (PRO.V...
August 2016: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27138245/effects-of-an-integrated-health-education-and-elastic-band-resistance-training-program-on-physical-function-and-muscle-strength-in-community-dwelling-elderly-women-healthy-aging-and-happy-aging%C3%A2-ii-study
#20
Seung-Lyul Oh, Hee-Jae Kim, Shinae Woo, Be-Long Cho, Misoon Song, Yeon-Hwan Park, Jae-Young Lim, Wook Song
AIM: In the present study, we determined the effect of an integrated health education and elastic band resistance training program on body composition, physical function, muscle strength and quality in community-dwelling elderly women. METHODS: We recruited participants with eligibility inclusion criteria, and randomly assigned them to either the control group (n = 19) or the intervention group (n = 19). The integrated intervention program comprised of health education and individual counseling, and elastic band training for 18 weeks (8 weeks of supervised training and 10 weeks of self-directed training)...
May 3, 2016: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
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