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SPPB in the elderly

Jinmann Chon, Hee-Sang Kim, Jong Ha Lee, Seung Don Yoo, Dong Hwan Yun, Dong Hwan Kim, Seung Ah Lee, Yoo Jin Han, Yunsoo Soh, Yong Kim, Young Rok Han, Chang Won Won, Seonyoung Han
Objective: To evaluate the association between balance function and asymmetry of knee extension strength in an elderly Korean population. Methods: The strength of the knee extensors in each leg was measured in 306 community-dwelling elderly subjects (age, 76.70±4.85 years) and 25 young healthy subjects (age, 34.23±8.93 years). Based on the difference in strength of both legs, the elderly subjects were divided into symmetric (n=128) and asymmetric (n=178) strength groups using an asymmetry cutoff 20%...
February 2018: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
Ana María Rosas Hernández, Sergio Alejandre Carmona, Javier Enrique Rodríguez Sánchez, Maria Victoria Castell Alcalá, Ángel Otero Puime
AIM: Identify the population over 70 year's old treated in primary care who should participate in a physical exercise program to prevent frailty. Analyze the concordance among 2criteria to select the beneficiary population of the program. DESIGN: Population-based cross-sectional study. SETTINGS: Primary Care. PARTICIPANTS: Elderly over 70 years old, living in the Peñagrande neighborhood (Fuencarral district of Madrid) from the Peñagrande cohort, who accepted to participate in 2015 (n = 332)...
March 16, 2018: Atencion Primaria
Tomohiko Kamo, Hideaki Ishii, Keisuke Suzuki, Yuusuke Nishida
Sarcopenia is an important predictor of adverse outcomes in elderly people. Based on a common clinical experience, sarcopenia may be associated with activities of daily living (ADL). To our knowledge, no study has investigated the association between sarcopenia and ADL in nursing home residents requiring long-term care. This cross-sectional study included 250 nursing home residents. Nutritional status, physical function, ADL and cognitive function were assessed using Mini Nutritional Assessment-Short Form (MNA-SF), Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB), Barthel Index (BI) and Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE)...
March 16, 2018: Geriatric Nursing
Clara J Bohm, Leroy J Storsley, Brett M Hiebert, Serena Nelko, Navdeep Tangri, Lawrence J Cheskin, Mara A McAdams-DeMarco, Claudio Rigatto
Background: Individuals with chronic kidney disease (CKD) have low levels of physical activity and physical function. Although guidelines endorse exercise counseling for individuals with CKD, it is not yet part of routine care. Objective: We investigated the effect of attending a real-life exercise counseling clinic (ECC) on physical function in individuals with CKD. Design: Retrospective analysis of prospectively collected observational data with quasi-experimental design...
2018: Canadian Journal of Kidney Health and Disease
M Locquet, C Beaudart, O Bruyère, J A Kanis, L Delandsheere, J-Y Reginster
This study investigated the relationship between muscle and bone status in elderly individuals. Our results suggested links between sarcopenia and osteoporosis; impairment in muscle status (i.e., muscle mass, muscle strength, and physical performance) is associated with deterioration in bone mass and texture subsequently leading to an increased risk of fracture. INTRODUCTION: Accumulating evidence has shown associations between sarcopenia and osteoporosis, but existing studies face inconsistencies in the clinical definition of both conditions...
February 14, 2018: Osteoporosis International
Miriam Mutambudzi, Nai-Wei Chen, Bret Howrey, Marc A Garcia, Kyriakos S Markides
Background: We sought to identify distinct trajectory classes of physical performance in Mexican Americans aged 75 years and older, and to examine whether these trajectories predict mortality. Methods: We used 4 waves of Hispanic Established Populations for Epidemiologic Studies of the Elderly (H-EPESE) data for adults 75 years and older from 2004-5 to 2013. Latent growth curve analysis was used to identify distinct trajectory classes. Multinomial logistic regression analysis was used to examine the association between baseline characteristics and the newly constructed trajectories...
February 9, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
Médéa Locquet, Charlotte Beaudart, Jean-Yves Reginster, Jean Petermans, Olivier Bruyère
Background: Sarcopenia leads to serious adverse health consequences. There is a dearth of screening tools for this condition, and performances of these instruments have rarely been evaluated. Our aim was to compare the performance of five screening tools for identifying elders at risk of sarcopenia against five diagnostic definitions. Subjects and methods: We gathered cross-sectional data of elders from the SarcoPhAge ("Sarco"penia and "Ph"ysical Impairment with Advancing "Age") study...
2018: Clinical Epidemiology
Zachary M Brown, Jenna C Gibbs, Jonathan D Adachi, Maureen C Ashe, Keith D Hill, David L Kendler, Aliya Khan, Alexandra Papaioannou, Sadhana Prasad, John D Wark, Lora M Giangregorio
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: We sought to evaluate the Balance Outcome Measure for Elder Rehabilitation (BOOMER) in community-dwelling women 65 years and older with vertebral fracture and to describe score distributions and potential ceiling and floor effects. METHODS: This was a secondary data analysis of baseline data from the Build Better Bones with Exercise randomized controlled trial using the BOOMER. A total of 141 women with osteoporosis and radiographically confirmed vertebral fracture were included...
November 28, 2017: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
Iranzu Mugueta-Aguinaga, Begonya Garcia-Zapirain
Introduction: Frailty syndrome and advanced age may decrease the acceptance of illness and quality of life, and worsen patients' existing health conditions, as well as leading to an increase in health care expenses. Purpose: The purpose of this study is to reduce frailty risk via the use of a FRED game which has been expressly designed and put together for the study. Materials and methods: A total of 40 frail volunteers with a score of <10 points in the short physical performance battery (SPPB) took part in a feasibility study in order to validate the FRED game...
November 23, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Maturin Tabue-Teguo, Jean-François Dartigues, Nadine Simo, Callixte Kuate-Tegueu, Bruno Vellas, Matteo Cesari
AIM: The Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB) is a widely used instrument for measuring physical performance, consisting of 3 sub-tests: a hierarchical test of balance, a gait speed test, and a chair stand test. Although equally considered in the computation of the SPPB score, each of the components may present a specific and different weight in clinical practice. The aim of this study was to estimate the relationship between SPPB and its component of an age-related deficit accumulation index (the so-called Frailty Index [FI] proposed by Rockwood)...
January 2018: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Hyun Iee Shin, Don-Kyu Kim, Kyung Mook Seo, Si Hyun Kang, Sang Yoon Lee, Sunhan Son
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate sarcopenic indices in relation to respiratory muscle strength (RMS) in elderly people. METHODS: This study included 65 volunteers over the age of 60 (30 men and 35 women). The skeletal muscle mass index (SMI) was measured using bioimpedance analysis. Limb muscle function was assessed by handgrip strength (HGS), the Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB), and gait speed. RMS was addressed by maximal inspiratory pressure (MIP) and maximal expiratory pressure (MEP) using a spirometer...
August 2017: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
Pamela Carrer, Caterina Trevisan, Chiara Curreri, Valter Giantin, Stefania Maggi, Gaetano Crepaldi, Enzo Manzato, Giuseppe Sergi
OBJECTIVES: to investigate whether Semmes Weinstein Monofilament Examination (SWME) was associated with, and could predict measures of physical performance and the risk of fall in elderly subjects. DESIGN: prospective study (mean follow-up 4.4-years). SETTING: community. SUBJECTS: 2826 older subjects enrolled in the Progetto Veneto Anziani (Pro.V.A.), an Italian population-based cohort study. For longitudinal analyses, we considered a subsample of 1885 persons who did not report falls at baseline...
September 19, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Roger A Fielding, Jack M Guralnik, Abby C King, Marco Pahor, Mary M McDermott, Catrine Tudor-Locke, Todd M Manini, Nancy W Glynn, Anthony P Marsh, Robert S Axtell, Fang-Chi Hsu, W Jack Rejeski
Understanding the minimal dose of physical activity required to achieve improvement in physical functioning and reductions in disability risk is necessary to inform public health recommendations. To examine the effect of physical activity dose on changes in physical functioning and the onset of major mobility disability in The Lifestyle Interventions and Independence for Elders (LIFE) Study. We conducted a multicenter single masked randomized controlled trial that enrolled participants in 2010 and 2011 and followed them for an average of 2...
2017: PloS One
Martine Lauzé, Dominic D Martel, Mylène Aubertin-Leheudre
BACKGROUND: The number of older adults residing in assisted living communities is increasing. Despite the benefits of physical activity (PA) on physical and cognitive capacities, and the opportunities for being active offered in these living environments, this population is highly sedentary and more at risk of physical decline. This study aimed to assess the feasibility, the acceptability, and the effects of PA intervention using gerontechnology in assisted living communities. METHODS: Forty-two older adults in 4 assisted living communities were recruited and randomly assigned to an exercise intervention group (EX) or a control group (CON) using a 2:1 ratio...
August 14, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
Agnieszka Wiśniowska-Szurlej, Agnieszka Ćwirlej-Sozańska, Anna Wilmowska-Pietruszyńska, Natalia Milewska, Bernard Sozański
BACKGROUND: In recent years, there has been a significant change in the demographics of developed countries, including an increase in the number of older people. This aging population and the associated need for medical care and assistance places great strain on health care systems worldwide. In older populations, improved knowledge and understanding of the relationship between moderate exercise and health might result in greater motivation to engage in such activity; thus improving the overall health of this population...
August 11, 2017: Trials
Cynthia Owusu, Seunghee Margevicius, Mark Schluchter, Siran M Koroukian, Nathan A Berger
OBJECTIVE: To determine the ability of three performance-based measures [Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB), gait speed, and Grip Strength] and a self-report measure [Vulnerable Elders Survey (VES-13)] to predict functional decline among older women with breast cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Longitudinal data from a study of women ≥65years, with newly diagnosed stages I-III breast cancer, recruited from ambulatory oncology clinics between July 2010 and April 2014, was used...
September 2017: Journal of Geriatric Oncology
Ender Ayvat, Muhammed Kilinç, Nuray Kirdi
BACKGROUND/AIM: This study aimed to describe the cultural adaptation of the Turkish Physical Activity Scale for the Elderly (PASE) and to examine the reliability and validity of the scale in older Turkish adults. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty elderly people were recruited for the study. The assessments included the PASE, the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ), the Short Physical Performance Battery and Short Form-36 Quality of Life Questionnaire (SF-36), and the Mini Mental State Test...
June 12, 2017: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
Do-Yeon Kim, Chang-O Kim, Hyunjung Lim
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess whether diet quality and functional status were associated with serum levels of interleukin (IL)-6 and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α in frail, elderly, community-dwelling individuals. METHODS: Seventy-eight frail, elderly individuals (age ≥65 y, usual gait speed <0.6 m/s and Mini Nutritional Assessment <24) participated in this cross-sectional study from the National Home Healthcare Services in Gangbuk-gu, Seoul, South Korea...
June 2017: Nutrition
Jin Chul Kim, Jinmann Chon, Hee Sang Kim, Jong Ha Lee, Seung Don Yoo, Dong Hwan Kim, Seung Ah Lee, Yoo Jin Han, Hyun Seok Lee, Bae Youl Lee, Yun Soo Soh, Chang Won Won
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between baseline characteristics, three physical performance tests and fall history in a sample of the elderly from Korean population. METHODS: A total of 307 participants (mean age, 76.70±4.85 years) were categorized into one of two groups, i.e., fallers and non-fallers. Fifty-two participants who had reported falling unexpectedly at least once in the previous 12 months were assigned to the fallers group. Physical performance tests included Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB), Berg Balance Scale (BBS), Timed Up and Go test...
April 2017: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
Kah Poh Loh, Chintan Pandya, Jason Zittel, Sindhuja Kadambi, Marie Flannery, Natalie Reizine, Allison Magnuson, Giovanna Braganza, Karen Mustian, William Dale, Paul Duberstein, Supriya Gupta Mohile
PURPOSE: Although sleep disturbances are common in older adults, studies evaluating the prevalence of sleep disturbance and its influence on functional outcomes in older adults with cancer are few. In this study, we examined the prevalence of sleep disturbance and its association with physical function and cognition in older adults with cancer. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study of patients who were referred and evaluated in the Specialized Oncology Care & Research in the Elderly (SOCARE) clinics at the Universities of Rochester and Chicago from May 2011 to October 2015...
April 28, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
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