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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453468/prevention-of-shivering-during-spinal-anesthesia-comparison-between-tramadol-ketamine-and-ondansetron
#1
Gajal Lakhe, Krishna Murari Adhikari, Kiran Khatri, Anil Maharjan, Akriti Bajracharya, Himdip Khanal
INTRODUCTION: Shivering is an unpleasant experience after spinal anesthesia. We conducted this study to evaluate the efficacy of ondansetron, ketamine and tramadol for prevention of shivering. METHODS: In this randomized controlled study, 120 patients aged 18-65 years of American Society of Anesthesiologist (ASA) physical status I and II undergoing various surgical procedures were included and allocated alternately to one of the 4 groups; Normal saline (Group1), Ondansetron 4mg (Group2), Ketamine 0...
October 2017: JNMA; Journal of the Nepal Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452603/the-effects-of-desflurane-and-sevoflurane-on-nesfatin-1-levels-in-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
A T D Ozcan, C B Altin, S Erdogan, M Ergin, A Çiftçi, H Kara, S M Aksoy, A But
BACKGROUND: Nesfatin-1 is involved in cardiovascular regulation, stress-related responses. The objective of this study is to investigate the impact of volatile anesthetics on Nesfatin-1 levels. METHOD: Fourty-two patients aged 30-65 years with the American Society Anesthesiology (ASA) Class I-II who were scheduled for laparoscopic cholecystectomy were included in the study Patients were randomized into two group; desflurane administered group (Group I, n = 21) and sevoflurane administered group (Group II, n = 21)...
February 16, 2018: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449944/dexmedetomidine-use-during-epiduroscopy-reduces-fentanyl-use-and-postoperative-nausea-and-vomiting-a-single-center-retrospective-study
#3
Takashi Suzuki, Ryota Inokuchi, Kazuo Hanaoka, Machi Suka, Hiroyuki Yanagisawa
Objectives: Minimally invasive epiduroscopy has recently been reported as an effective treatment procedure for chronic and intractable low back pain. However, no study has determined safe anesthetics for monitored anesthesia care during epiduroscopy. We aimed to compare and evaluate conventional monitored anesthesia care drugs with dexmedetomidine. Methods: A retrospective study including all patients who underwent epiduroscopy at the JR Tokyo General Hospital from April 2011 to March 2016 was designed...
2018: SAGE Open Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443767/effect-of-oxycodone-hydrochloride-combined-with-flurbiprofen-axetil-for-intravenous-patient-controlled-analgesia-in-lower-abdominal-patients-a-randomized-trial
#4
Xiaobing Xiang, Xiaohong Yuan, Yanhong Lian, Jun Fang, Yingli Wu
BACKGROUND: Problems like postoperative pain are still common phenomena after general anesthesia. Oxycodone hydrochloride is a semisynthetic opioid with a safe and excellent therapeutic effect on visceral pain. Flurbiprofen axetil has the efficacy of targeted analgesia. We hypothesize that different doses of oxycodone hydrochloride combined with flurbiprofen axetil would generate great results on postoperative intravenous analgesia in lower abdominal patients. METHODS: In the clinical trial, 90 American Society of Anesthesiologists I or II patients scheduled for elective general anesthesia were randomly divided into 3 groups, 30 cases in each group...
February 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441411/interrater-variability-in-asa-physical-status-assignment-an-analysis-in-the-pediatric-cancer-setting
#5
Luis E Tollinche, Gloria Yang, Kay-See Tan, Ruth Borchardt
BACKGROUND: The American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) physical status is a universal classification system that helps clinicians to categorize their patients preoperatively. However, there is a lack of both inter-rater and intra-rater reliability among clinicians for the ASA physical status classification. Our study focuses on testing these reliabilities within pediatric anesthesia providers in the cancer setting. METHODS: In our retrospective observational study, a total of 1177 anesthesia records were reviewed...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441173/a-comparison-of-i-gel%C3%A2-and-laryngeal-mask-airway-supreme%C3%A2-during-general-anesthesia-in-infants
#6
Yoon Chan Lee, Kyoung Seop Yoon, Sang Yoong Park, So Ron Choi, Chan Jong Chung
Background: The i-gel™ (i-gel) and Laryngeal Mask Airway Supreme™ (LMA Supreme) have been safely used in children. We compared the airway performance of the i-gel and LMA Supreme in infants undergoing general anesthesia. Methods: Sixty infants with American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status I or II were randomly assigned to place either the i-gel or the LMA Supreme. The size 1 or 1.5 of each airway was selected by the weight of infants. The primary outcome variable was oropharyngeal leak pressure (OLP)...
February 2018: Korean Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436276/utility-of-the-modified-surgical-apgar-score-in-a-head-and-neck-cancer-population
#7
Kristine E Day, Andrew C Prince, Chee Paul Lin, Benjamin J Greene, William R Carroll
Objective The Surgical Apgar Score (SAS) is a validated postoperative complication prediction model. The purpose of this study was to investigate the utility of the SAS in a diverse head and neck cancer population and to compare it with a recently developed modified SAS (mSAS) that accounts for intraoperative transfusion. Study Design Case series with chart review. Setting Academic tertiary care medical center. Subjects and Methods This study comprised 713 patients undergoing surgery for head and neck cancer from April 2012 to March 2015...
February 1, 2018: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427974/time-of-day-is-not-associated-with-increased-rates-of-mortality-in-emergency-surgery-an-analysis-of-49-196-surgical-procedures
#8
Rodney A Gabriel, Alison M A'Court, Ulrich H Schmidt, Richard P Dutton, Richard D Urman
STUDY OBJECTIVE: There is a lack of large, multi-institutional studies analyzing the association of timing of emergency surgery with death occurring either intraoperatively or in the recovery room setting. The primary objective of this study was to determine if time of day for emergency surgeries was associated with mortality. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis. SETTING: U.S. healthcare facilities. PATIENTS: Adult patients undergoing emergency surgery and general anesthesia...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426743/bridging-multimodal-pain-management-provides-48-hour-pain-control-in-patients-undergoing-total-shoulder-replacement
#9
Chandrakanth Boddu, Ashley Genza, Peter D McCann
BACKGROUND: We report our experience with a bridging multimodal pain management program that provides comprehensive 48-hour pain control in patients undergoing total shoulder replacement (TSR). METHODS: The study included all patients undergoing unilateral TSR by 1 surgeon between May 2015 and April 2017. There were 62 patients (23 men, 39 women) with an average age of 68 years (range 38-92 years). Of these, 31 underwent standard nonconstrained TSR and 31 underwent reverse TSR...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29421068/lean-and-green-hand-surgery
#10
REVIEW
Robert E Van Demark, Vanessa J S Smith, Anthony Fiegen
Health care in the United States is both expensive and wasteful. The cost of health care in the United States continues to increase every year. Health care spending for 2016 is estimated at $3.35 trillion. Per capita spending ($10,345 per person) is more than twice the average of other developed countries. The United States also leads the world in solid waste production (624,700 metric tons of waste in 2011). The health care industry is second only to the food industry in annual waste production. Each year, health care facilities in the United States produce 4 billion pounds of waste (660 tons per day), with as much as 70%, or around 2...
February 2018: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416453/effect-of-dexmedetomidine-on-emergence-agitation-using-desflurane-in-pediatric-cataract-surgery
#11
Shikha Jain, Sameer Sethi, Babita Ghai, Jagat Ram
Background: In this study, we compared effectiveness of two doses of dexmedetomidine (0.15 μg/kg and 0.3 μg/kg) in preventing desflurane-induced emergence agitation (EA) in pediatric patients undergoing elective cataract surgery. Methods: It is a prospective double-blinded randomized study conducted on 65 American Society of Anesthesiologists 1 children (2-10 years) who underwent elective cataract surgery at our institute. They were randomized into two equal groups, who received either dexmedetomidine 0...
January 2018: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416243/sevoflurane-sparing-effect-of-dexmedetomidine-in-patients-undergoing-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Preeti Sharma, Satinder Gombar, Vanita Ahuja, Aditi Jain, Usha Dalal
Background and Aims: Sevoflurane is an excellent but expensive anesthetic agent for laparoscopic cholecystectomy. To decrease sevoflurane consumption during surgery adjuvants like dexmedetomidine may be used. Dexmedetomidine is a recently introduced drug which alleviates the stress response of surgery, produces sedation and analgesia. We aimed to evaluate sevoflurane sparing effect of dexmedetomidine in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy under entropy-guided general anesthesia (GA)...
October 2017: Journal of Anaesthesiology, Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416239/tracheal-intubation-through-laryngeal-mask-airway-ctrach%C3%A2-with-polyvinyl-chloride-tube-comparison-between-two-orientations-of-the-tracheal-tube
#13
Karri Pavani, Handattu Mahabaleswara Krishna, Joseph Nandhini
Background and Aims: Higher success rate of intubation is observed with the reverse orientation of polyvinyl chloride (PVC) tracheal tube while intubating through laryngeal mask airway (LMA) Fastrach™. It is not clear whether the same is true during intubation through LMA CTrach™ visualizing the process of intubation. The primary aim of this study was to compare the influence of the PVC tracheal tube orientation on the success rate of intubation while intubating through LMA CTrach™...
October 2017: Journal of Anaesthesiology, Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412077/transient-effects-of-anesthesia-on-leukocyte-apoptosis-and-monocyte-cytokine-stimulation-a-clinical-study
#14
Paraskevi Matsota, Georgia Kostopanagiotou, Konstantinos Kalimeris, Ageliki Pandazi, Antigone Kotsaki, Styliani Kontogiannopoulou, Evangelos J Giamarellos-Bourboulis
The effects of anesthetics on immune cell apoptosis and cytokine stimulation were studied in a prospective study. American Society of Anesthesiologists I/II patients underwent elective inguinal hernia repair or varicose veins stripping surgery and were randomized to either epidural anesthesia (n = 14) or general anesthesia with sevoflurane (n = 19) or propofol (n = 15). Blood was sampled before anesthesia induction (T0), at the end of surgery (T1), and 6 h later (T2). Apoptosis was determined by ANNEXIN-V staining of white blood cells; monocytes were isolated and stimulated for cytokine production...
February 7, 2018: Immunological Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29401075/comparison-of-nasal-intubations-by-glidescope-with-and-without-a-bougie-guide-in-patients-who-underwent-maxillofacial-surgeries-randomized-clinical-trial
#15
Pejman Pourfakhr, Ailar Ahangari, Farhad Etezadi, Reza Shariat Moharari, Ayat Ahmadi, Negin Saeedi, Atabak Najafi
BACKGROUND: Nasotracheal intubation is commonly performed to provide a secure airway for the maintenance of general anesthesia in maxillofacial surgeries. Routine nasotracheal intubation is performed under general anesthesia by direct laryngoscopy, frequently with the aid of Magill forceps. This method can be time-consuming and may cause bleeding in the field of view. A gum elastic bougie (GEB) is a cheap, slender, and flexible device that could expedite nasotracheal intubation. The aim of this study was to evaluate the use of a GEB during nasotracheal intubation to facilitate the procedure and reduce the rate of complications...
February 2, 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395721/can-total-knee-arthroplasty-be-performed-safely-as-an-outpatient-in-the-medicare-population
#16
P Maxwell Courtney, Mark I Froimson, R Michael Meneghini, Gwo-Chin Lee, Craig J Della Valle
BACKGROUND: The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services has solicited public comments for the 2017 Proposed Rule to consider removing total knee arthroplasty (TKA) from the Inpatient Only List. The purpose of this study is to compare the complication rates between outpatient (same-day discharge), short-stay (discharge within 1 day), and inpatient TKA and to identify the ideal candidates for a short-stay or outpatient procedure. METHODS: We queried the American College of Surgeons-National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database for patients over age 65 years who underwent TKA from 2014 to 2015...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29393818/comparison-of-intraperitoneal-nebulization-of-ropivacaine-with-ropivacaine-fentanyl-combination-for-pain-control-following-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial
#17
Nidhi Bhatia, Swati Mehta, Vikas Saini, Babita Ghai, Lileshwar Kaman
PURPOSE: Intraperitoneal local anesthetic nebulization is a new and novel technique for providing pain relief following laparoscopic cholecystectomy. We compared the analgesic efficacy of intraperitoneal ropivacaine-fentanyl nebulization with ropivacaine nebulization alone for providing pain relief following laparoscopic cholecystectomy Materials and Methods: This prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial included 75 American Society of Anesthesiologists I/II patients, 18-60 years old, scheduled to undergo laparoscopic cholecystectomy under general anesthesia...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29390270/anesthetic-management-of-off-pump-simultaneous-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-and-lobectomy-case-report-and-literature-review
#18
Xian Zhao, Yuhong Li, Hai-Ying Kong, Lin Zhang, Xiao-Hong Wen
RATIONALE: Survey data show approximately 10% patients with lung cancer may present concomitant coronary heart disease. Simultaneous surgery is a challenge for anesthetist. We review our experience in the anesthesia with 5 patients who required simultaneous off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCABG) and pulmonary resection for lung cancer. PATIENT CONCERNS: Between 2014 and 2016, 5 patients with ASA (American Society of Anesthesiologists) grade II or III, underwent combined OPCABG and lung resection in the first Affiliated Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29381975/comparison-of-intraoperative-basal-fluid-requirements-in-distal-pancreatectomy-laparotomy-vs-laparoscopy-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#19
Ji-Won Han, Ah-Young Oh, Kwang-Suk Seo, Hyo-Seok Na, Bon Wook Koo, Yea Ji Lee
There has been recent progress in intraoperative fluid therapy. However, little is known about intraoperative fluid therapy in laparoscopic surgery. The purpose of this study is to determine whether there are differences in the basal fluid requirements during surgery between laparotomy and laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy.This retrospective cohort study analyzed the electronic medical records of 253 patients who underwent distal pancreatectomy via either laparotomy (73 patients) or laparoscopy (180 patients) between June 2006 and March 2016...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29378991/postoperative-analgesia-using-bupivacaine-wound-infiltration-with-intravenous-tramadol-or-dexamethasone-following-obstetric-spinal-anaesthesia
#20
N P Edomwonyi, M O Osazuwa, O I Iribhogbe, S E Esangbedo
CONTEXT: Effective management of postcesarean section (CS) pain is important for the well-being of mother and child; even in limited-resource areas, there are drug options which can be explored to achieve this. AIM: This study aimed to compare the analgesic effects of a combination of bupivacaine wound infiltration with either intravenous (IV) dexamethasone or tramadol after CS. SETTING AND DESIGN: This study was a randomized, double-blind, comparative study in a tertiary hospital...
December 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
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