keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

American society of anesthesia

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902969/bispectral-index-to-guide-induction-of-anesthesia-a-randomized-controlled-study
#1
Dirk Rüsch, Christian Arndt, Leopold Eberhart, Scarlett Tappert, Dennis Nageldick, Hinnerk Wulf
BACKGROUND: It is unknown to what extent hypotension frequently observed following administration of propofol for induction of general anesthesia is caused by overdosing propofol. Unlike clinical signs, electroencephalon-based cerebral monitoring allows to detect and quantify an overdose of hypnotics. Therefore, we tested whether the use of an electroencephalon-based cerebral monitoring will cause less hypotension following induction with propofol. METHODS: Subjects were randomly assigned to a bispectral index (BIS)-guided (target range 40-60) or to a weight-related (2 mg...
June 15, 2018: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29897164/emergency-surgery-in-octogenarians-outcomes-and-factors-affecting-mortality-in-the-general-hospital-setting
#2
Jarlath C Bolger, Akif Zaidi, Adrian Fuentes-Bonachera, Michael E Kelly, Aqeel Abbas, Ailin Rogers, Tom McCormack, Brian Waldron, Kevin P Murray
AIM: The Western world has an expanding older population, who are living longer with increasing numbers of comorbidities. In addition, expectations of patients and relatives are increasing. As a general hospital operating in a rural setting, our University Hospital Kerry, Tralee, Ireland, deals with a significant number of emergency presentations to the acute surgical service. The aim of the present study was to examine outcomes for patients in the extremes of age who present requiring emergency surgical procedures...
June 13, 2018: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29889708/a-prospective-observational-study-of-anesthesia-related-adverse-events-and-postoperative-complications-occurring-during-a-surgical-mission-in-madagascar
#3
Michelle C White, Brian J Barki, Stephen A Lerma, Sarah Kate Couch, Dennis Alcorn, Richard G Gillerman
BACKGROUND: Two-thirds of the world's population lack access to safe anesthesia and surgical care. Nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) play an important role in bridging the gap, but surgical outcomes vary. After complex surgeries, up to 20-fold higher postoperative complication rates are reported and the reasons for poor outcomes are undefined. Little is known concerning the incidence of anesthesia complications. Mercy Ships uses fully trained staff, and infrastructure and equipment resources similar to that of high-income countries, allowing the influence of these factors to be disentangled from patient factors when evaluating anesthesia and surgical outcomes after NGO sponsored surgery...
June 8, 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29883964/effect-of-dexmedetomidine-on-intraocular-pressure-in-patients-undergoing-robot-assisted-laparoscopic-radical-prostatectomy-under-total-intravenous-anesthesia-a-randomized-double-blinded-placebo-controlled-clinical-trial
#4
Sakiko Kitamura, Kenichi Takechi, Tasuku Nishihara, Amane Konishi, Yasushi Takasaki, Toshihiro Yorozuya
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To study the effects of intraoperative dexmedetomidine on the intraocular pressure (IOP) in patients undergoing robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (RALRP) under propofol-remifentanil anesthesia. DESIGN: Double-blind, randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Operating room. PATIENTS: Forty consenting male patients aged ≥20 to <80 years with American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status classes I and II...
June 5, 2018: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29880320/characteristics-of-and-factors-contributing-to-immediate-postoperative-pain-after-ankle-fracture-surgery
#5
Sung Hun Won, Chin Youb Chung, Moon Seok Park, Seung Yeol Lee, You Sung Suh, Kyoung Min Lee
To build an appropriate strategy of pain management after ankle fracture surgery, surgeons need to know the characteristics of postoperative ankle pain and its contributing factors. The aim of the present study was to investigate the maximum pain period after ankle fracture surgery and the factors affecting postoperative pain using a linear mixed model when patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) was used as a basic modality. A total of 219 adult patients (108 males and 111 females; mean age 51.2 ± 15.9 years) who had undergone operative treatment for ankle fractures were included...
June 4, 2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29879048/effects-of-transcutaneous-acupoint-electrical-stimulation-combined-with-low-dose-sufentanil-pretreatment-on-the-incidence-and-severity-of-etomidate-induced-myoclonus-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Ya Lv, Haijuan He, Junjie Xie, WenJun Jin, CanJi Shou, Yuanyuan Pan, Leilei Wang, Yunchang Mo, Qinxue Dai, Wujun Geng, Junlu Wang
BACKGROUND: Myoclonus is an undesirable phenomenon that occurs after induction of general anesthesia using etomidate. Opioids such as sufentanil are considered effective pretreatment drugs for myoclonus inhibition, although high doses are required. Transcutaneous acupoint electrical stimulation (TAES), a noninvasive technique involving electrical stimulation of the skin at the acupuncture points, exhibits analgesic effects, promotes anesthetic effects, decreases the dose of anesthetic drugs, and increases endogenous opioid peptide levels...
June 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29870458/consensus-guidelines-on-the-use-of-intravenous-ketamine-infusions-for-chronic-pain-from-the-american-society-of-regional-anesthesia-and-pain-medicine-the-american-academy-of-pain-medicine-and-the-american-society-of-anesthesiologists
#7
Steven P Cohen, Anuj Bhatia, Asokumar Buvanendran, Eric S Schwenk, Ajay D Wasan, Robert W Hurley, Eugene R Viscusi, Samer Narouze, Fred N Davis, Elspeth C Ritchie, Timothy R Lubenow, William M Hooten
BACKGROUND: Over the past 2 decades, the use of intravenous ketamine infusions as a treatment for chronic pain has increased dramatically, with wide variation in patient selection, dosing, and monitoring. This has led to a chorus of calls from various sources for the development of consensus guidelines. METHODS: In November 2016, the charge for developing consensus guidelines was approved by the boards of directors of the American Society of Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine and, shortly thereafter, the American Academy of Pain Medicine...
June 7, 2018: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29870457/consensus-guidelines-on-the-use-of-intravenous-ketamine-infusions-for-acute-pain-management-from-the-american-society-of-regional-anesthesia-and-pain-medicine-the-american-academy-of-pain-medicine-and-the-american-society-of-anesthesiologists
#8
Eric S Schwenk, Eugene R Viscusi, Asokumar Buvanendran, Robert W Hurley, Ajay D Wasan, Samer Narouze, Anuj Bhatia, Fred N Davis, William M Hooten, Steven P Cohen
BACKGROUND: Ketamine infusions have been used for decades to treat acute pain, but a recent surge in usage has made the infusions a mainstay of treatment in emergency departments, in the perioperative period in individuals with refractory pain, and in opioid-tolerant patients. The widespread variability in patient selection, treatment parameters, and monitoring indicates a need for the creation of consensus guidelines. METHODS: The development of acute pain ketamine guidelines grew as a corollary from the genesis of chronic pain ketamine guidelines...
June 7, 2018: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29870424/do-we-really-need-an-anesthesiologist-for-routine-colonoscopy-in-american-society-of-anesthesiologist-1-and-2-patients
#9
Joshua W Sappenfield, Jeffrey D White
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In an era where healthcare costs are being heavily scrutinized, every expenditure is reviewed for medical necessity. Multiple national gastroenterology societies have issued statements regarding whether an anesthesiologist is necessary for routine colonoscopies in American Society of Anesthesiologist (ASA) 1 and 2 patients. RECENT FINDINGS: A large percentage of patients are undergoing screening colonoscopy without any sedation at all, which would not require an independent practitioner to administer medications...
June 4, 2018: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29870136/guidelines-and-checklists-for-short-term-missions-in-global-pediatric-surgery-recommendations-from-the-american-academy-of-pediatrics-delivery-of-surgical-care-global-health-subcommittee-american-pediatric-surgical-association-global-pediatric-surgery-committee
#10
Marilyn Butler, Elizabeth Drum, Faye M Evans, Tamara Fitzgerald, Jason Fraser, Ai-Xuan Holterman, Howard Jen, Matthew Kynes, Jenny Kreiss, Craig D McClain, Mark Newton, Benedict Nwomeh, James O'Neill, Doruk Ozgediz, George Politis, Henry Rice, David Rothstein, Julie Sanchez, Mark Singleton, Francine S Yudkowitz
Pediatric surgeons, anesthesia providers, and nurses from North America and other high-income countries are increasingly engaged in resource-limited areas, with short-term missions as the most common form of involvement. However, consensus recommendations currently do not exist for short-term missions in pediatric general surgery and associated perioperative care. The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) Delivery of Surgical Care Subcommittee and American Pediatric Surgical Association (APSA) Global Pediatric Surgery Committee, with the American Pediatric Surgical Nurses Association, Inc...
May 2018: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29869557/the-human-pain-genetics-database-an-interview-with-luda-diatchenko
#11
Luda Diatchenko
Luda Diatchenko, MD, PhD is a Canada Excellence Research Chair in Human Pain Genetics, Professor, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Anesthesia and Faculty of Dentistry at McGill University, Alan Edwards Centre for Research on Pain. She earned her MD and PhD in the field of molecular biology from the Russian State Medical University. She started her career in industry, she was a Leader of the RNA Expression Group at Clontech, Inc., and subsequently, Director of Gene Discovery at Attagene, Inc. During this time, she was actively involved in the development of several widely used and widely cited molecular tools for the analysis of gene expression and regulation...
June 5, 2018: Pain Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29845557/operative-and-prognostic-parameters-associated-with-elective-versus-emergency-surgery-in-a-retrospective-cohort-of-elderly-patients
#12
Celaleddin Soyalp, Nureddin Yuzkat, Mehmet Kilic, Mehmet Edip Akyol, Canser Yilmaz Demir, Nurcin Gulhas
AIM: To evaluate operative and prognostic parameters associated with elective versus emergency surgery in a retrospective cohort of elderly patients. METHODS: A total of 533 geriatric patients (aged ≥ 65 years, median age: 73.0 years, 50.7% were females) who underwent either elective surgery (n = 285) or emergency surgery (n = 248) were included in this study. Data on patient demographics, co-morbid disorders, type of surgery and anesthesia, American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) physical status (PS) classification, length of hospital stay, length of ICU stay, hospitalization outcome, prognosis (survivor, non-survivor) were obtained from medical records...
May 29, 2018: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29843507/evaluation-of-efficacy-of-valsalva-maneuver-for-attenuating-propofol-injection-pain-a-prospective-randomised-single-blind-placebo-controlled-study
#13
Sanjay Kumar, Sandeep Khuba, Anil Agarwal, Sujeet Gautam, Madhulika Yadav, Aanchal Dixit
Background: Pain on propofol injection is a limitation of propofol. So far, there has been no study about valsalva to reduce pain on propofol injection. Valsalva reduces pain via sinoaortic baroreceptor reflex arc and distraction both. We planned this study for assessing efficacy of Valsalva maneuver to reduce pain on propofol injection. Methods: Eighty American Society of Anesthesiologists grade I enrolled adult patients undergoing general anesthesia were divided into 2 groups of 40 each...
May 30, 2018: Korean Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29805106/the-efficacy-of-tranexamic-acid-in-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-network-meta-analysis
#14
Yale A Fillingham, Dipak B Ramkumar, David S Jevsevar, Adolph J Yates, Peter Shores, Kyle Mullen, Stefano A Bini, Henry D Clarke, Emil Schemitsch, Rebecca L Johnson, Stavros G Memtsoudis, Siraj A Sayeed, Alexander P Sah, Craig J Della Valle
BACKGROUND: A growing body of published research on tranexamic acid (TXA) suggests that it is effective in reducing blood loss and the risk for transfusion in total knee arthroplasty (TKA). The purpose of this network meta-analysis was to evaluate TXA in primary TKA as the basis for the efficacy recommendations of the combined clinical practice guidelines of the American Association of Hip and Knee Surgeons, American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, Hip Society, Knee Society, and American Society of Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine on the use of TXA in primary total joint arthroplasty...
May 5, 2018: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29804406/-impacts-of-different-methods-in-laryngeal-mask-airway-positioning-on-the-airway-management-of-elderly-patients-with-general-anesthesia
#15
F Yan, J Li, H J Wang, X Yang, J B Yang, X J Tu
Objective: By observing the clinical effect of ultrasound, fiberoptic bronchoscopy and traditional standard in positioning the general anesthesia of laryngeal mask ventilation in elderly patients, the superiority of laryngeal mask positioning with visualization technique of ultrasound and fiberoptic bronchoscope on airway management in elderly patients with general anesthesia was analyzed. Methods: One hundred and twenty cases of elderly patients with general anesthesia of laryngeal mask ventilation from the People's Hospital of Yuyao city from October 2016 to October 2017 were selected and randomly divided into 3 groups( n =40)according to American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) grading criteria Ⅰ-Ⅲ...
May 15, 2018: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29803011/the-effect-of-oral-hydration-on-the-risk-or-aspiration-and-hemodynamic-stability-before-the-induction-of-anesthesia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
REVIEW
Shinji Oshima, Yoshitaka Aoki, Yohei Kawasaki, Junichiro Yokoyama
OBJECTIVE: Preoperative oral rehydration solutions (ORS) are frequently used in clinical practice in Japan, although their effect remains to be explained. The purpose of this study was to investigate the clinical outcomes associated with ORS usage. DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis. SETTING: Surgical departments at each hospital. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 546 patients with American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status classification I or II (non-pregnant adults only) reported in six articles...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29794942/major-laparoscopic-intraperitoneal-surgery-performed-with-combined-bilateral-subcostal-transversus-abdominal-plane-block-and-celiac-plexus-block-intravenous-sedation-without-tracheal-intubation-a-feasibility-study-of-3-cases
#17
Azeddine Taleb, MʼHamed Boumadani, Paul J Zetlaoui, Dan Benhamou
OBJECTIVES: Major abdominal surgery usually requires general anesthesia with tracheal intubation and may be supplemented with neuraxial anesthesia to provide intraoperative and postoperative pain relief. Attempts at using only neuraxial anesthesia for major abdominal surgery have often been shown to be poorly effective. This report demonstrates that laparoscopic colonic surgical procedures can be performed with ultrasound-guided blocks (bilateral transversus abdominal plane block and celiac plexus block) and intravenous sedation, while avoiding general or neuraxial anesthesia...
May 23, 2018: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791521/specific-questionnaire-detects-a-high-incidence-of-intra-operative-hypersensitivity-reactions
#18
Laila S Garro, Marcelo V Aun, Iracy Sílvia C Soares, Marisa R Ribeiro, Antônio A Motta, Jorge Kalil, Mariana C Castells, Maria José C Carmona, Pedro Giavina-Bianchi
OBJECTIVE: To assess the incidence of intra-operative immediate hypersensitivity reactions and anaphylaxis. METHODS: A cross-sectional observational study was conducted at the Department of Anesthesiology, University of São Paulo School of Medicine, Hospital das Clínicas, São Paulo, Brazil, from January to December 2010. We developed a specific questionnaire to be completed by anesthesiologists. This tool included questions about hypersensitivity reactions during anesthesia and provided treatments...
May 17, 2018: Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783039/the-influence-of-bone-cement-and-american-society-of-anesthesiologists-asa-class-on-cardiovascular-status-during-bipolar-hemiarthroplasty-for-displaced-femoral-neck-fracture-a-multicenter-prospective-case-control-study
#19
Shuichi Miyamoto, Junichi Nakamura, Satoshi Iida, Tomonori Shigemura, Shunji Kishida, Isao Abe, Munenori Takeshita, Makoto Otsuka, Yoshitada Harad, Sumihisa Orita, Seiji Ohtori
BACKGROUND: Little is known about how bone cement and American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) classification influence the cardiovascular system in elderly patients with femoral-neck fractures treated with cemented hemiarthroplasty. Therefore, we performed a case-control study to investigate these questions and compared the following: 1) ≥ASA III with ≤ASA II patients who underwent cemented hemiarthroplasty; 2) cemented with cementless hemiarthroplasty in ≥ASA III patients. HYPOTHESIS: ASA classification influences the cardiovascular system during cemented hemiarthroplasty and bone cement influences intraoperative blood pressure [IBP] in patients rated ≥ASA III...
May 18, 2018: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782406/population-pharmacokinetics-and-pharmacodynamics-of-dexmedetomidine-in-children-undergoing-ambulatory-surgery
#20
María-Gabriela Pérez-Guillé, Alejandra Toledo-López, Liliana Rivera-Espinosa, Radames Alemon-Medina, Chiharu Murata, Ismael Lares-Asseff, Juan Luis Chávez-Pacheco, Josefina Gómez-Garduño, Ana-Lilia Zamora Gutiérrez, Claudia Orozco-Galicia, Karina Ramírez-Morales, Gustavo Lugo-Goytia
BACKGROUND: Dexmedetomidine (DEX) is an α-2 adrenergic agonist with sedative and analgesic properties. Although not approved for pediatric use by the Food and Drug Administration, DEX is increasingly used in pediatric anesthesia and critical care. However, very limited information is available regarding the pharmacokinetics of DEX in children. The aim of this study was to investigate DEX pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics (PK-PD) in Mexican children 2-18 years of age who were undergoing outpatient surgical procedures...
May 17, 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
keyword
keyword
62890
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"