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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779402/traditional-and-complementary-medicine-use-among-indigenous-cancer-patients-in-australia-canada-new-zealand-and-the-united-states-a-systematic-review
#1
Alana Gall, Stuart Leske, Jon Adams, Veronica Matthews, Kate Anderson, Sheleigh Lawler, Gail Garvey
BACKGROUND: Cancer 'patients' are increasingly using traditional indigenous and complementary medicines (T&CM) alongside conventional medical treatments to both cure and cope with their cancer diagnoses. To date T&CM use among Indigenous cancer patients from Australia, Canada, New Zealand, and the United States has not been systematically reviewed. METHODS: We systematically searched bibliographic databases to identify original research published between January 2000 and October 2017 regarding T&CM use by Indigenous cancer patients in Australia, Canada, New Zealand, and the United States...
May 1, 2018: Integrative Cancer Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760830/patient-and-provider-perspectives-on-adherence-to-and-care-coordination-of-lynch-syndrome-surveillance-recommendations-findings-from-qualitative-interviews
#2
Jennifer L Schneider, Katrina A B Goddard, Kristin R Muessig, James V Davis, Alan F Rope, Jessica E Hunter, Susan K Peterson, Louise S Acheson, Sapna Syngal, Georgia L Wiesner, Jacob A Reiss
Background: Patients with a genetic variant associated with Lynch syndrome (LS) are recommended to undergo frequent and repeated cancer surveillance activities to minimize cancer-related morbidity and mortality. Little is known about how patients and primary care providers (PCPs) track and manage these recommendations. We conducted a small exploratory study of patient and PCP experiences with recommended LS surveillance activities and communication with family members in an integrated health care system...
2018: Hereditary Cancer in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760597/application-of-an-incident-taxonomy-for-radiation-therapy-analysis-of-five-years-of-data-from-three-integrated-cancer-centres
#3
Stuart Greenham, Stephen Manley, Kirsty Turnbull, Matthew Hoffmann, Amara Fonseca, Justin Westhuyzen, Andrew Last, Noel J Aherne, Thomas P Shakespeare
Aim: To develop and apply a clinical incident taxonomy for radiation therapy. Background: Capturing clinical incident information that focuses on near-miss events is critical for achieving higher levels of safety and reliability. Methods and materials: A clinical incident taxonomy for radiation therapy was established; coding categories were prescription, consent, simulation, voluming, dosimetry, treatment, bolus, shielding, imaging, quality assurance and coordination of care...
May 2018: Reports of Practical Oncology and Radiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759013/adapting-to-a-shifting-health-care-landscape-illinois-breast-and-cervical-cancer-program-lead-agencies-perspectives
#4
Yamile Molina, Cindy San Miguel, Stephanie Sanz, Liliana San Miguel, Kristin Rankin, Arden Handler
Understanding how safety net programs adapt to systemic health care changes is pivotal for creating feasible recommendations for policy implementation. This study characterizes perspectives of Lead Agency (LA) coordinators of the Illinois Breast and Cervical Cancer Program (IBCCP) in response to sociopolitical changes at state and national levels. Our cross-sectional study included 29 semistructured telephone interviews between December 2015 and January 2016. Respondents indicated some changes in the priority population served, changes in referrals and clinical services, and, a continued commitment to IBCCP...
May 1, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746187/queensland-youth-cancer-service-a-partnership-model-to-facilitate-access-to-quality-care-for-young-people-diagnosed-with-cancer
#5
Natalie K Bradford, Roslyn Henney, Rick Walker, Euan Walpole, Glen Kennedy, Wayne Nicholls, Ross Pinkerton
Global recognition of the need to improve outcomes for adolescents and young adults (AYA) with cancer has led to the development of specific oncology programs and services. In Australia, Youth Cancer Services (YCS) are now established across the country. While each service has been shaped by nationally agreed principles, program development has been influenced by local policy and geographic differences. Queensland is a vast state with a widely dispersed population; coordination of cancer services for young people across this landscape presents unique challenges...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745483/-oncological-patients-in-primary-care-ruptures-and-transitions
#6
Christopher Chung, Dagmar M Haller, Sophie Pautex, Johanna Sommer
Patients with severe cancer go through a journey requiring the involvement of several healthcare providers. Several transitions of care occur: from the general practitioner to the oncologist, and then depending on the outcomes of treatment, the patient enters a palliative care phase, and eventually end of life care. Lack of coordination of the different actors can lead to repeated loss of the continuum of care. Each transition requires better communication between healthcare providers and also with the patient...
May 9, 2018: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736143/impact-of-insurance-coverage-on-outcomes-in-primary-breast-sarcoma
#7
Julie L Koenig, C Jillian Tsai, Katherine Sborov, Kathleen C Horst, Erqi L Pollom
Private insurance is associated with better outcomes in multiple common cancers. We hypothesized that insurance status would significantly impact outcomes in primary breast sarcoma (PBS) due to the additional challenges of diagnosing and coordinating specialized care for a rare cancer. Using the National Cancer Database, we identified adult females diagnosed with PBS between 2004 and 2013. The influence of insurance status on overall survival (OS) was evaluated using the Kaplan-Meier estimator with log-rank tests and Cox proportional hazard models...
2018: Sarcoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736112/still-hoping-for-a-miracle-parents-experiences-in-caring-for-their-child-with-cancer-under-palliative-care
#8
Mercy Nafratilova, Allenidekania Allenidekania, Dessie Wanda
Context: Parents' despair and feelings of grief, as well as communication and coordination that is less than adequate between the parents and the palliative team, can affect the provision of a qualified palliative care plan for children and their families. Aims: This study aims to explore the parents' experience in caring for children with cancer under palliative care condition. Setting and Design: The research applied descriptive qualitative phenomenology design...
April 2018: Indian Journal of Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720722/development-of-comorbidities-in-men-with-prostate-cancer-treated-with-androgen-deprivation-therapy-an-australian-population-based-cohort-study
#9
Huah Shin Ng, Bogda Koczwara, David Roder, Agnes Vitry
BACKGROUND: The increasing use of androgen deprivation therapy has prompted further evaluation of its potential adverse effects as the treatment may exacerbate or increase the risk of developing new comorbid diseases. This study aims to assess the patterns of comorbidities among Australian men with prostate cancer treated with androgen deprivation therapy. METHODS: Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme (PBS) 10% data between 1 January 2003 and 31 December 2014 was utilised in this retrospective cohort study...
May 2, 2018: Prostate Cancer and Prostatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719135/clinical-trial-cytology-use-of-on-site-evaluation-of-small-biopsy-and-fna-samples-for-clinical-trials-and-biomarker-research-studies
#10
Julia L Manzo, Jackie Cuda, Liron Pantanowitz, Juan Xing, Jing Yu, H Scott Beasley, Rajiv Dhir, Sara E Monaco
BACKGROUND: After increased requests for biopsies for clinical trials and biomarker research, the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center created a clinical trial research service that partnered pathology, radiology, and medicine to facilitate rapid on-site evaluation (ROSE) of fine-needle aspiration (FNA) and/or core needle biopsy (CNB) samples to confirm the presence of tumor in these studies. METHODS: Clinical trial coordinators organized biopsies for patients needing tumor samples for trials, and informed the cytopathology and radiology team...
May 2, 2018: Cancer Cytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713897/coordination-of-pharyngeal-and-laryngeal-swallowing-events-during-single-liquid-swallows-after-oral-endotracheal-intubation-for-patients-with-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome
#11
Martin B Brodsky, Ishani De, Kalyan Chilukuri, Minxuan Huang, Jeffrey B Palmer, Dale M Needham
To evaluate timing and duration differences in airway protection and esophageal opening after oral intubation and mechanical ventilation for acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) survivors versus age-matched healthy volunteers. Orally intubated adult (≥ 18 years old) patients receiving mechanical ventilation for ARDS were evaluated for swallowing impairments via a videofluoroscopic swallow study (VFSS) during usual care. Exclusion criteria were tracheostomy, neurological impairment, and head and neck cancer...
April 30, 2018: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704768/management-of-treatment-related-toxicities-in-advanced-medullary-thyroid-cancer
#12
REVIEW
Marcia S Brose, Keith C Bible, Laura Q M Chow, Jill Gilbert, Carolyn Grande, Francis Worden, Robert Haddad
Progress in the treatment of advanced medullary thyroid cancer (MTC) has resulted from the approval of 2 drugs within the past 5 years, vandetanib and cabozantinib. These multikinase inhibitors (MKIs) possess overlapping specificities for multiple kinase targets implicated in the progression of MTC. Both drugs are associated with toxicities, including hypertension, hemorrhage/perforation, diarrhea and other gastrointestinal events, several dermatologic events, and hypothyroidism. In addition, vandetanib is uniquely associated with QTc prolongation through interaction with myocardial potassium channels, and cabozantinib is uniquely associated with hand-foot skin reaction...
April 22, 2018: Cancer Treatment Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29699534/high-prevalence-of-hepatitis-b-infections-in-burkina-faso-1996-2017-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis-of-epidemiological-studies
#13
Moussa Lingani, Tomoyuki Akita, Serge Ouoba, Armel Moumini Sanou, Aya Sugiyama, Zekiba Tarnagda, Masayuki Ohisa, Halidou Tinto, Shunji Mishiro, Junko Tanaka
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection was long considered an important public health concern in Burkina Faso and still represents a major cause of liver cancer and cirrhosis in the active population. To counter the problem, a national strategic plan was developed and adopted in July 2017 to coordinate viral hepatitis elimination's efforts. However evidence to support its implementation remains scanty and scattered. The main purpose of this study was to summarize available information from per-reviewed articles published over the last two decades to accurately estimate the prevalence of HBV infection in Burkina Faso...
April 25, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696424/survivorship-care-models-for-breast-cancer-colorectal-cancer-and-adolescent-and-young-adult-aya-cancer-survivors-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Yu Ke, Terence Ng, Alexandre Chan
BACKGROUND: Well-elucidated survivorship care models are pertinent in the long-term management of cancer survivors. This review aims to update existing literature and evaluate the key components of such models with a focus on breast, colorectal, and adolescent and young adult (AYA) cancer survivors. METHODS: The PubMed electronic database were searched comprehensively for relevant publications in English through February 2017. Additional manual searches were conducted for reference lists and official guidelines published by oncology societies...
April 25, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696221/the-administration-of-patient-reported-outcome-questionnaires-in-cancer-trials-interviews-with-trial-coordinators-regarding-their-roles-experiences-challenges-and-training
#15
Rebecca Mercieca-Bebber, Melanie Calvert, Derek Kyte, Martin Stockler, Madeleine T King
Aims: To explore cancer trial coordinators' roles and challenges in administering patient-reported outcome (PRO) questionnaires, and establish what PRO-specific training and guidance they received and needed. Methods: Eligible cancer trial coordinators experienced with PRO assessment from approved Australian sites participated in an audio-recorded, semi-structured interview (transcribed verbatim). Recruitment continued until data saturation. Transcripts underwent content analysis...
March 2018: Contemporary Clinical Trials Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696205/qualitative-analysis-of-clinical-research-coordinators-role-in-phase-i-cancer-clinical-trials
#16
Noriko Fujiwara, Ryota Ochiai, Yuki Shirai, Yuko Saito, Fumitaka Nagamura, Satoru Iwase, Keiko Kazuma
Background: Clinical research coordinators play a pivotal role in phase I cancer clinical trials. Purpose: We clarified the care coordination and practice for patients provided by clinical research coordinators in phase I cancer clinical trials in Japan and elucidated clinical research coordinators' perspective on patients' expectations and understanding of these trials. Method: Fifteen clinical research coordinators participated in semi-structured interviews regarding clinical practices; perceptions of patients' expectations; and the challenges that occur before, during, and after phase I cancer clinical trials...
December 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692980/leveraging-national-cancer-institute-programmatic-collaboration-for-uterine-cervix-cancer-patient-accrual-in-puerto-rico
#17
Charles A Kunos, Holly A Massett, Annette Galassi, Joan L Walker, Marge J Good, Luis Báez Díaz, Worta McCaskill-Stevens
Women in the U.S. Commonwealth of Puerto Rico (PR) have a higher age-adjusted incidence rate for uterine cervix cancer than the U.S. mainland as well as substantial access and economic barriers to cancer care. The National Cancer Institute (NCI) funds a Minority/Underserved NCI Community Oncology Research Program in PR (PRNCORP) as part of a national network of community-based health-care systems to conduct multisite cancer clinical trials in diverse populations. Participation by the PRNCORP in NCI's uterine cervix cancer clinical trials, however, has remained limited...
2018: Frontiers in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691974/aboriginal-experiences-of-cancer-and-care-coordination-lessons-from-the-cancer-data-and-aboriginal-disparities-candad-narratives
#18
Rachel Reilly, Jasmine Micklem, Paul Yerrell, David Banham, Kim Morey, Janet Stajic, Marion Eckert, Monica Lawrence, Harold B Stewart, Alex Brown
BACKGROUND: Aboriginal people with cancer experience worse outcomes than other Australians for a range of complex and interrelated reasons. A younger age at diagnosis, higher likelihood of more advanced cancer or cancer type with poorer prognosis, geographic isolation and cultural and language diversity mean that patient pathways are potentially more complex for Aboriginal people with cancer. In addition, variation in the quality and acceptability of care may influence cancer outcomes...
April 24, 2018: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664697/best-practices-for-reducing-unplanned-acute-care-for-patients-with-cancer
#19
Nathan R Handley, Lynn M Schuchter, Justin E Bekelman
Variation and cost in oncology care represent a large and growing burden for the US health care system, and acute hospital care is one of the single largest drivers. Reduction of unplanned acute care is a major priority for clinical transformation in oncology; proposed changes to Medicare reimbursement for patients with cancer who suffer unplanned admissions while receiving chemotherapy heighten the need. We conducted a review of best practices to reduce unplanned acute care for patients with cancer. We searched PubMed for articles published between 2000 and 2017 and reviewed guidelines published by professional organizations...
May 2018: Journal of Oncology Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658821/top-ten-tips-for-palliative-care-clinicians-caring-for-cancer-patients-receiving-immunotherapies
#20
Alison C Wiesenthal, Sandip P Patel, Thomas W LeBlanc, Eric J Roeland, Arif H Kamal
Patients with cancer face an ever-changing landscape of tumor-directed therapies available to improve quality of life and potentially increase survival. The most recent advances, immunotherapeutics, offer a novel way to target cancer cells by engaging the body's own immune system. Using an expert panel of oncologists, palliative medicine physicians, and dual-trained specialists, we discuss current immunotherapies and their clinical uses, potential side effects and management strategies, and the implications of these newer treatments on goals of care conversations and care coordination...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Palliative Medicine
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