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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747913/family-history-of-early-infant-death-correlates-with-earlier-age-at-diagnosis-but-not-shorter-time-to-diagnosis-for-severe-combined-immunodeficiency
#1
Anderson Dik Wai Luk, Pamela P Lee, Huawei Mao, Koon-Wing Chan, Xiang Yuan Chen, Tong-Xin Chen, Jian Xin He, Nadia Kechout, Deepti Suri, Yin Bo Tao, Yong Bin Xu, Li Ping Jiang, Woei Kang Liew, Orathai Jirapongsananuruk, Tassalapa Daengsuwan, Anju Gupta, Surjit Singh, Amit Rawat, Amir Hamzah Abdul Latiff, Anselm Chi Wai Lee, Lynette P Shek, Thi Van Anh Nguyen, Tek Jee Chin, Yin Hsiu Chien, Zarina Abdul Latiff, Thi Minh Huong Le, Nguyen Ngoc Quynh Le, Bee Wah Lee, Qiang Li, Dinesh Raj, Mohamed-Ridha Barbouche, Meow-Keong Thong, Maria Carmen D Ang, Xiao Chuan Wang, Chen Guang Xu, Hai Guo Yu, Hsin-Hui Yu, Tsz Leung Lee, Felix Yat Sun Yau, Wilfred Hing-Sang Wong, Wenwei Tu, Wangling Yang, Patrick Chun Yin Chong, Marco Hok Kung Ho, Yu Lung Lau
BACKGROUND: Severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) is fatal unless treated with hematopoietic stem cell transplant. Delay in diagnosis is common without newborn screening. Family history of infant death due to infection or known SCID (FH) has been associated with earlier diagnosis. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify the clinical features that affect age at diagnosis (AD) and time to the diagnosis of SCID. METHODS: From 2005 to 2016, 147 SCID patients were referred to the Asian Primary Immunodeficiency Network...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741000/singapore-defibrillation-guidelines-2016
#2
Chun Yue Francis Lee, Venkataraman Anantharaman, Swee Han Lim, Yih Yng Ng, Tek Siong Chee, Chong Meng Seet, Marcus Eng Hock Ong
The most common initial rhythm in a sudden cardiac arrest is ventricular fibrillation or pulseless ventricular tachycardia. This is potentially treatable with defibrillation, especially if provided early. However, any delay in defibrillation will result in a decline in survival. Defibrillation requires coordination with the cardiopulmonary resuscitation component for effective resuscitation. These two components, which form the key links in the chain of survival, have to be brought to the cardiac victim in a timely fashion...
July 2017: Singapore Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740995/basic-cardiac-life-support-2016-singapore-guidelines
#3
Swee Han Lim, Fong Chi Wee, Tek Siong Chee
Basic Cardiac Life Support (BCLS) or cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) refers to the skills required (without use of equipment) in the resuscitation of cardiac arrest individuals. On recognising cardiac arrest, chest compressions should be initiated. Good quality compressions are with arms extended, elbows locked, shoulders directly over the casualty's chest and heel of the palm on the lower half of the sternum. The rescuer pushes hard and fast, compressing 4-6 cm deep for adults at 100-120 compressions per minute with complete chest recoil...
July 2017: Singapore Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731770/transient-magnetophotoinduced-absorption-studies-of-photoexcitations-in-%C3%AF-conjugated-donor-acceptor-copolymers
#4
Uyen N V Huynh, Tek P Basel, Eitan Ehrenfreund, Gang Li, Yang Yang, S Mazumdar, Z Valy Vardeny
We have utilized a plethora of transient and steady state optical and magneto-optical spectroscopies in a broad spectral range (0.25-2.5 eV) for elucidating the primary and long-lived photoexcitations in a low band-gap π-conjugated donor-acceptor (DA) copolymer used for efficient photovoltaic solar cells. We show that both singlet excitons (SE) and intrachain triplet-triplet (TT) pairs are photogenerated in the DA-copolymer chains. From the picosecond transient magnetic field response of these species we conclude that the SE and TT spin states are coupled...
July 7, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727991/how-accurate-are-self-reported-height-and-weight-in-the-seriously-mentally-ill
#5
Elton K Zhou, Urska Kosir, Suat Kucukgoncu, Erin L Reutenauer Sullivan, Cenk Tek
(1) Determine the accuracy of self-reported height, weight, and body mass index (BMI) calculated from those values in a population suffering from both serious mental illness (SMI) and overweight/obesity; (2) identify any associations that may predict error in self-reported measurements. Data were collected from screening appointments for two clinical trials for adult patients with SMI and overweight/obesity (BMI > 28) who gained weight while on antipsychotic medications. Both studies were conducted at the same urban community mental health center...
July 10, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720951/isolation-and-characterization-of-lactic-acid-bacteria-from-traditional-pickles-of-himachal-pradesh-india
#6
Monika, Savitri, Vijay Kumar, Anila Kumari, Kunzes Angmo, Tek Chand Bhalla
A total of 15 isolates of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) were isolated from traditional pickles of rural and urban areas of Himachal Pradesh. These isolates were identified as Enterococcus faecalis (7), Lactobacillus plantarum (3), Pediococcus pentosaceus (2), Leuconostoc mesenteroides (1), Lactococcus lactis (1) and Enterococcus sp. (1) on the basis of morphological, biochemical and 16S rDNA sequence analysis. All the LABs produced exopolysaccharides, have antibiotic susceptibility, and possess activity of β-galactosidase, β-glucosidase, protease and amylase, while none of the isolates showed haemolytic activity...
June 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715443/far-infrared-radiation-promotes-rabbit-renal-proximal-tubule-cell-proliferation-and-functional-characteristics-and-protects-against-cisplatin-induced-nephrotoxicity
#7
I-Ni Chiang, Yeong-Shiau Pu, Chao-Yuan Huang, Tai-Horng Young
Far infrared radiation, a subdivision of the electromagnetic spectrum, is beneficial for long-term tissue healing, anti-inflammatory effects, growth promotion, sleep modulation, acceleration of microcirculation, and pain relief. We investigated if far infrared radiation is beneficial for renal proximal tubule cell cultivation and renal tissue engineering. We observed the effects of far infrared radiation on renal proximal tubules cells, including its effects on cell proliferation, gene and protein expression, and viability...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705634/crispr-cas9-mediated-genome-editing-of-helicoverpa-armigera-with-mutations-of-an-abc-transporter-gene-haabca2-confers-resistance-to-bacillus-thuringiensis-cry2a-toxins
#8
Jing Wang, Huidong Wang, Shaoyan Liu, Laipan Liu, Wee Tek Tay, Thomas K Walsh, Yihua Yang, Yidong Wu
High levels of resistance to Bt toxin Cry2Ab have been identified to be genetically linked with loss of function mutations of an ABC transporter gene (ABCA2) in two lepidopteran insects, Helicoverpa armigera and Helicoverpa punctigera. To further confirm the causal relationship between the ABCA2 gene (HaABCA2) and Cry2Ab resistance in H. armigera, two HaABCA2 knockout strains were created from the susceptible SCD strain with the CRISPR/Cas9 genome editing system. One strain (SCD-A2KO1) is homozygous for a 2-bp deletion in exon 2 of HaABCA2 created by non-homologous end joining (NHEJ)...
July 10, 2017: Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660217/a-prospective-study-comparing-functional-imaging-18-f-fdg-pet-versus-anatomical-imaging-contrast-enhanced-ct-in-dosimetric-planning-for-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#9
Archana Prathipati, Ranadheer Gupta Manthri, Bala Venkat Subramanian, Pranabandhu Das, Swapna Jilla, Sangeetha Mani, Anitha Kumari J, Settipalli Sarala, Radhika Kottu, Tek Chand Kalawat, Kotiyala Venkata Jagannath Rao Naidu
OBJECTIVES: (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography ((18)F-FDG PET-CT) is a well-used and established technique for lung cancer staging. Radiation therapy requires accurate target volume delineation, which is difficult in most cases due to coexisting atelectasis. The present study was performed to compare the (18)F-FDG PET-CT with contrast enhanced computed tomography (CECT) in target volume delineation and investigate their impacts on radiotherapy planning...
2017: Asia Oceania Journal of Nuclear Medicine & Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620713/angiopoietin-receptor-tek-interacts-with-cyp1b1-in-primary-congenital-glaucoma
#10
Meha Kabra, Wei Zhang, Sonika Rathi, Anil K Mandal, Sirisha Senthil, Goutham Pyatla, Muralidhar Ramappa, Seema Banerjee, Konegari Shekhar, Srinivas Marmamula, Asha L Mettla, Inderjeet Kaur, Rohit C Khanna, Hemant Khanna, Subhabrata Chakrabarti
Primary congenital glaucoma (PCG) is a severe autosomal recessive ocular disorder associated with considerable clinical and genetic heterogeneity. Recently, rare heterozygous alleles in the angiopoietin receptor-encoding gene TEK were implicated in PCG. We undertook this study to ascertain the second mutant allele in a large cohort (n = 337) of autosomal recessive PCG cases that carried heterozygous TEK mutations. Our investigations revealed 12 rare heterozygous missense mutations in TEK by targeted sequencing...
August 2017: Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610376/descriptions-of-two-new-species-of-torodorinae-lepidoptera-lecithoceridae-with-three-new-records-of-torodora-meyrick-from-laos
#11
Kyu-Tek Park, Yang-Seop Bae
Two new species of Torodorinae: Caveana plenalinea Park, sp. nov. and Antiochtha hemitatos Park, sp. nov., are described from Laos. At the same time, three species of the genus Torodora are reported for the first time from Laos.
May 16, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610251/-i-dichomeris-i-h%C3%A3-bner-1818-lepidoptera-gelechiidae-dichomeridinae-%C3%A2-from-cambodia-including-associated-chinese-species
#12
Shengnan Zhao, Kyu-Tek Park, Yang-Seop Bae, Houhun Li
In a faunal study of the micromoths in Cambodia, thirteen species of the genus Dichomeris (Gelechiidae, Dichomeridinae) are recognized, including associated Chinese species. Eight species are described as new: D. arcuata sp. nov., D. splendiptera sp. nov., D. samkosensis sp. nov., D. foliforma sp. nov., D. magnimacularis sp. nov., D. hainanensis sp. nov., D. cambodiensis sp. nov., D. acutivalvata sp. nov. Five species are newly recorded for Cambodia: D. orientis Park & Hodges, D. fuscusitis Li & Zheng, D. obsepta (Meyrick), D...
June 2, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609976/additional-three-new-species-of-i-anarsia-i-meyrick-lepidoptera-gelechiidae-from-cambodia-and-vietnam
#13
Kyu-Tek Park, Yang-Seop Bae
Three new species of the genus Anarsia Zeller (Lepidoptera, Gelechiidae) are described: A. huensis Park, sp. nov. from Vietnam, and A. pursatica Park, sp. nov. and A. degeneralis Park, sp. nov. from Cambodia. Images of adults and genitalia for the new species are illustrated. A check list of the known species from both countries is provided.
April 12, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609838/hepatoprotective-mechanism-of-lygodium-microphyllum-cav-r-br-through-ultrastructural-signaling-prevention-against-carbon-tetrachloride-ccl4-mediated-oxidative-stress
#14
Charles Gnanaraj, Muhammad Dawood Shah, Tan Tek Song, Mohammad Iqbal
Plants have been consumed in medicinal practices for centuries. Lygodium microphyllum (Cav.) R.Br. (Lygodiaceae), also known as Old World Climbing Fern, is a medicinal plant used by local communities in Sabah for skin and dysentery ailments. This study aims to test aqueous extract of L. microphyllum leaves for hepatoprotective and immunosuppressive activity in rats. Animal studies were carried out to evaluate hepatoprotection of aqueous extract of L. microphyllum at different doses (200, 400 and 600mg/kg b...
August 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606157/semiarid-ethnoagroforestry-management-tajos-in-the-sierra-gorda-guanajuato-mexico
#15
Vincent M Hoogesteger van Dijk, Alejandro Casas, Ana Isabel Moreno-Calles
BACKGROUND: The semi-arid environments harbor nearly 40% of biodiversity, and half of indigenous cultures of Mexico. Thousands of communities settled in these areas depend on agriculture and using wild biodiversity for their subsistence. Water, soil, and biodiversity management strategies are therefore crucial for people's life. The tajos, from Sierra Gorda, are important, poorly studied, biocultural systems established in narrow, arid alluvial valleys. The systems are constructed with stone-walls for capturing sediments, gradually creating fertile soils in terraces suitable for agriculture in places where it would not be possible...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576854/mdivi-1-induced-acute-changes-in-the-angiogenic-profile-after-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-in-female-mice
#16
Sudhakar Veeranki, Suresh C Tyagi
The aim of this study is to determine the effects of mitochondrial division inhibitor 1 (Mdivi-1), the mitochondrial fission inhibitor, on the angiogenic profiles after the ischemia reperfusion injury (IR injury) in female mice. Female mice were treated with Mdivi-1 inhibitor, 2 days prior, on the day of IR injury and 2 days after IR injury, for a period of 5 days. Both control and treatment groups underwent 30 min of ischemia and 72 h of reperfusion. On the day 3, mice were sacrificed and the ischemic and nonischemic portions of heart tissue were collected...
June 2017: Physiological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549150/primary-congenital-and-developmental-glaucomas
#17
Carly Lewis, Adam Hedberg-Buenz, Adam P DeLuca, Edwin M Stone, Wallace L M Alward, John H Fingert
Glaucoma is the leading cause of irreversible blindness worldwide. Although most glaucoma patients are elderly, congenital glaucoma and glaucomas of childhood are also important causes of visual disability. Primary congenital glaucoma (PCG) is isolated, non-syndromic glaucoma that occurs in the first three years of life and is a major cause of childhood blindness. Other early-onset glaucomas may arise secondary to developmental abnormalities, such as glaucomas that occur with aniridia or as part of Axenfeld-Rieger syndrome...
May 26, 2017: Human Molecular Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535471/graphene-oxide-supported-carbon-nanofiber-like-network-derived-from-polyaniline-a-novel-composite-for-enhanced-glucose-oxidase-bioelectrode-performance
#18
Zepeng Kang, Kailong Jiao, Xinping Xu, Ruiyun Peng, Shuqiang Jiao, Zongqian Hu
A three-dimensional architecture of PANI@GO hybrid was synthesized via in-situ polymerization of aniline monomers on the surface of graphene oxide (GO) and carbonized at 1600°C. The SEM images showed that surfaces of planar GO were covered by a compact nanofiber-like polyaniline (PANI) layer which presented an interconnected network. Nanofiber-like PANI on the GO surface was mostly preserved and became the carbon nanofibers (CNFs) after carbonization. The TEM images showed that the carbonized PANI grew seamlessly on the GO surface and served as conductive "network" between interlayers of GO...
May 12, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531357/prostate-specific-antigen-decline-pattern-in-advanced-prostate-cancer-receiving-androgen-deprivation-therapy-and-relationship-with-prostate-specific-antigen-progression
#19
Erdem Akbay, Murat Bozlu, Selahittin Çayan, Pelin Özcan Kara, Mesut Tek, Cuma Aytekin
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study is to evaluate prostate-specific antigen decline pattern including prostate-specific antigen kinetics following androgen deprivation therapy on prostate-specific antigen progression in the patients with advanced prostate cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ninety-seven advanced prostate cancer patients receiving maximum androgen deprivation therapy were enrolled in case-control study. Baseline prostate-specific antigen, Gleason Score, bone metastase, nadir prostate-specific antigen, time to nadir prostate-specific antigen, declining slope to nadir prostate-specific antigen, estimated baseline prostate-specific antigen half-time, current prostate-specific antigen, post-nadir prostate-specific antigen time, estimated prostate-specific antigen, estimated decline of baseline prostate-specific antigen as quantitative, and ratio were recorded and calculated...
May 20, 2017: Aging Male: the Official Journal of the International Society for the Study of the Aging Male
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522403/multiplex-autoantibody-detection-for-autoimmune-liver-diseases-and-autoimmune-gastritis
#20
Joris Vanderlocht, Mart van der Cruys, Frans Stals, Liesbeth Bakker-Jonges, Jan Damoiseaux
Autoantibody detection for autoimmune hepatitis (AIH), primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) and autoimmune gastritis (AIG) is traditionally performed by IIF on a combination of tissues. Multiplex line/dot blots (LIA/DIA) offer multiple advantages, i.e. automation, objective reading, no interfering reactivities, no coincidental findings. In the current study we evaluated automated DIA (D-Tek) for detecting autoantibodies related to autoimmune diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. We tested samples of the Dutch EQC program and compared the results with the consensus of the participating labs...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Immunological Methods
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