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Carlo D'Aniello, Roberto Cuomo, Luca Grimaldi, Cesare Brandi, Andrea Sisti, Juri Tassinari, Giuseppe Nisi
BACKGROUND: After considerable weight loss, the breast suffers significant deformation. The ptotic breast is characterized by a lack of superior pole, tissue excess in the inferior pole, down-migration of nipple-areola complex (NAC) with redundancy to skin tissue. The authors describe a mastopexy technique based on a modulated and progressive reshaping, back rotation, and suspension of mammary gland parenchyma without parenchymal incisions. METHODS: Forty-five patients with bilateral moderate or severe breast ptosis underwent mastopexy from January 2011 to January 2014 with complete detachment of breast from the pectoralis major muscle and the plication line of parenchyma without any parenchymal incision...
October 26, 2016: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
Tamiris B Grimaldi, Guilherme Lutz, Davi F Back, Gilson Zeni
In this paper, we report our results on the cyclization of (biphenyl-2-alkyne) derivatives to give two different types of phenanthrene derivatives, 9-iodo-10-organochalcogen-phenanthrenes and 9-organochalcogen-phenanthrenes. The strategy for the synthesis was based on the use of electrophilic cyclization for the preparation of 9-iodo-10-organochalcogen-phenanthrenes and iron(iii) chloride/diorganyl diselenide-mediated intramolecular cyclization to prepare 9-organochalcogen-phenanthrenes. The effects of solvent, temperature, reaction time and stoichiometry on the efficiency of cyclization reactions were investigated...
October 18, 2016: Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry
Ennio Polilli, Federica Sozio, Paola Di Stefano, Antonina Sciacca, Tamara Ursini, Maurizio Paoloni, Jacopo Vecchiet, Dante Di Giammartino, Maria Pina Sciotti, Alessandro Grimaldi, Valerio Cortesi, Paolo Fazii, Elena Ricci, Claudio D'Amario, Giuseppe Ippolito, Lucio Pippa, Giustino Parruti
Undiagnosed cases of HIV infection in developed countries are estimated at 20-30% of individuals living with HIV. Web-based strategies may represent a new approach to easier, wider, and unrestricted access to early testing. The Abruzzo Region, Italy, developed a Web-based tool to recruit persons at high risk of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs). At the Website , browsers found information on STIs (HIV, hepatitis B and C, and syphilis), a structured questionnaire called "risk calculator" to assess one's own risk behaviors and direct booking of their test at one of six sites throughout the region...
October 2016: AIDS Patient Care and STDs
Jean-Louis Vincent, David Grimaldi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
Zhongheng Zhang, Nathan J Smischney, Haibo Zhang, Sven Van Poucke, Panagiotis Tsirigotis, Jordi Rello, Patrick M Honore, Win Sen Kuan, Juliet June Ray, Jiancang Zhou, You Shang, Yuetian Yu, Christian Jung, Chiara Robba, Fabio Silvio Taccone, Pietro Caironi, David Grimaldi, Stefan Hofer, George Dimopoulos, Marc Leone, Sang-Bum Hong, Mabrouk Bahloul, Laurent Argaud, Won Young Kim, Herbert D Spapen, Jose Rodolfo Rocco
Sepsis is a heterogeneous disease caused by an infection stimulus that triggers several complex local and systemic immuno-inflammatory reactions, which results in multiple organ dysfunction and significant morbidity and mortality. The diagnosis of sepsis is challenging because there is no gold standard for diagnosis. As a result, the clinical diagnosis of sepsis is ever changing to meet the clinical and research requirements. Moreover, although there are many novel biomarkers and screening tools for predicting the risk of sepsis, the diagnostic performance and effectiveness of these measures are less than satisfactory, and there is insufficient evidence to recommend clinical use of these new techniques...
September 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
David Grimaldi, Eduardo Wilfrido Goicoechea Turcott, Fabio Silvio Taccone
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
Reuben Olaniyi, Clarissa Pozzi, Luca Grimaldi, Fabio Bagnoli
Skin and soft tissue infections (SSTIs) are among the most common infections worldwide. They range in severity from minor, self-limiting, superficial infections to life-threatening diseases requiring all the resources of modern medicine. Community (CA) and healthcare (HA) acquired SSTIs are most commonly caused by Staphylococcus aureus . They have variable presentations ranging from impetigo and folliculitis to surgical site infections (SSIs). Superficial SSTIs may lead to even more invasive infections such as bacteraemia and osteomyelitis...
October 16, 2016: Current Topics in Microbiology and Immunology
Guillaume Geri, Guillaume Savary, Stéphane Legriel, Florence Dumas, Sybille Merceron, Olivier Varenne, Bernard Livarek, Olivier Richard, Jean-Paul Mira, Jean-Pierre Bedos, Jean-Philippe Empana, Alain Cariou, David Grimaldi
BACKGROUND: Obesity prevalence has dramatically increased over recent years and is associated with cardiovascular diseases, but data are lacking on its prognostic impact in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) patients. METHODS: Data of all consecutive OHCA patients admitted in two cardiac arrest centers from Paris and suburbs between 2005 and 2012 were prospectively collected. Patients treated by therapeutic hypothermia (TH) were included in the analysis. Logistic and Cox regression analyses were used to quantify the association between Body Mass Index (BMI) at hospital admission and day-30 and 1-year mortality respectively...
October 12, 2016: Resuscitation
M Casale, P Vella, A Moffa, G Oliveto, L Sabatino, V Grimaldi, P Ferrara, F Salvinelli
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
N Grimaldi, F Andrade, N Segovia, L Ferrer-Tasies, S Sala, J Veciana, N Ventosa
Molecular self-assembly has enabled the fabrication of biologically inspired, advanced nanostructures as lipid-based nanovesicles (L-NVs). The oldest L-NVs, liposomes, have been widely proposed as potential candidates for drug delivery, diagnostic and/or theranostic applications and some liposome-based drug products have already stepped from the lab-bench to the market. This success is attributed to their ability to encapsulate both hydrophobic and/or hydrophilic molecules, efficiently carry and protect them within the body and finally deliver them at the target site...
September 13, 2016: Chemical Society Reviews
Anna Dora Manca, Mirko Grimaldi
Speech sound perception is one of the most fascinating tasks performed by the human brain. It involves a mapping from continuous acoustic waveforms onto the discrete phonological units computed to store words in the mental lexicon. In this article, we review the magnetoencephalographic studies that have explored the timing and morphology of the N1m component to investigate how vowels and consonants are computed and represented within the auditory cortex. The neurons that are involved in the N1m act to construct a sensory memory of the stimulus due to spatially and temporally distributed activation patterns within the auditory cortex...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
Clare B O'Donovan, Marianne C Walsh, Hannah Forster, Clara Woolhead, Carlos Celis-Morales, Rosalind Fallaize, Anna L Macready, Cyril F M Marsaux, Santiago Navas-Carretero, Rodrigo San-Cristobal, Silvia Kolossa, Christina Mavrogianni, Christina P Lambrinou, George Moschonis, Magdalena Godlewska, Agnieszka Surwillo, Jildau Bouwman, Keith Grimaldi, Iwona Traczyk, Christian A Drevon, Hannelore Daniel, Yannis Manios, J Alfredo Martinez, Wim H M Saris, Julie A Lovegrove, John C Mathers, Michael J Gibney, Lorraine Brennan, Eileen R Gibney
BACKGROUND: It is hypothesised that individuals with knowledge of their genetic risk are more likely to make health-promoting dietary and lifestyle changes. The present study aims to test this hypothesis using data from the Food4Me study. This was a 6-month Internet-based randomised controlled trial conducted across seven centres in Europe where individuals received either general healthy eating advice or varying levels of personalised nutrition advice. Participants who received genotype-based personalised advice were informed whether they had the risk (CT/TT) (n = 178) or non-risk (CC) (n = 141) alleles of the methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) gene in relation to cardiovascular health and the importance of a sufficient intake of folate...
2016: Genes & Nutrition
Jay Karajgikar, Gregory Grimaldi, Barak Friedman, John Hines
Rosai-Dorfman disease is a rare disorder of unknown etiology caused by the proliferation of histiocytes within lymph nodes, predominantly in the cervical chain. Extranodal sites may be involved as well, with involvement of nearly every organ system described in the literature. Abdominal and pelvic manifestations of Rosai-Dorfman disease are extremely rare. We present four cases of abdominal and pelvic involvement by Rosai-Dorfman disease, specifically within the biliary tract, pancreas, spleen, and presacral space...
September 13, 2016: Clinical Imaging
Jun-Jie Gu, Yanli Yue, Fuming Shi, He Tian, Dong Ren
Orthoptera is divided into two suborders, the Ensifera (katydids, crickets and mole crickets) and the Caelifera (grasshoppers and pygmy mole crickets). The earliest definitive caeliferans are those found in the Triassic (Bethoux & Ross 2005). The extinct caeliferan families, such as Locustopsidae and Locustavidae, may prove to be stem groups to some of the modern superfamilies (Grimaldi & Engel 2005). Locustopsidae is known from the Late Triassic or Early Jurassic to Late Cretaceous, consisting of two subfamilies (Gorochov et al...
September 20, 2016: Zootaxa
Federica Barutta, Graziella Bruno, Giuseppe Matullo, Nish Chaturvedi, Serena Grimaldi, Casper Schalkwijk, Coen D Stehouwer, John H Fuller, Gabriella Gruden
AIMS: Increasing evidence suggests a potential role of circulating miRNAs as clinical biomarkers, and loss of miRNA-126 has been proposed as a predictor of type 2 diabetes onset. However, a systematic analysis of circulating miRNAs in type 1 diabetic patients with micro-/macrovascular complications has not yet been performed. METHODS: A cross-sectional nested case-control study from the EURODIAB Prospective Complications Study of 455 type 1 diabetic patients was performed...
October 1, 2016: Acta Diabetologica
Katherine M Livingstone, Carlos Celis-Morales, Ulrich Hoeller, Christina P Lambrinou, George Moschonis, Anna L Macready, Rosalind Fallaize, Manuela Baur, Franz F Roos, Igor Bendik, Keith Grimaldi, Santiago Navas-Carretero, Rodrigo San-Cristobal, Peter Weber, Christian A Drevon, Yannis Manios, Iwona Traczyk, Eileen R Gibney, Julie A Lovegrove, Wim H Saris, Hannelore Daniel, Mike Gibney, J Alfredo Martinez, Lorraine Brennan, Tom R Hill, John C Mathers
SCOPE: Little is known about diet- and environment-gene interactions on 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D concentration. This cross-sectional study aimed to investigate i) predictors of 25(OH)D concentration and relationships with vitamin D genotypes and ii) whether dietary vitamin D intake and sunlight exposure modified these relationships. METHODS AND RESULTS: Participants from the Food4Me study (n = 1312; age 18-79) were genotyped for vitamin D receptor (VDR) and vitamin D binding protein at baseline and a genetic risk score was calculated...
September 28, 2016: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
D Di Martino, S Zullino, D Casati, A S Grimaldi, V Sterpi, G Principato, M Garbin, E Ferrazzi
AIMS: To investigate maternal hemodynamic status in pregnancies complicated by IUGR and in the post-partum. METHODS: In this prospective study, we enrolled pregnant women between 24 and 38 weeks divided in severe and mild IUGR and a group of controls matched for gestational age. Severe IUGR was defined as abdominal circumference <5th centile and a Doppler velocimetry in umbilical artery42SD. Mild IUGR was defined as an abdominal circumference <10th centile and a Doppler velocimetry in umbilical artery <2SD...
August 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
D Di Martino, S Zullino, D Casati, A S Grimaldi, C Mastroianni, V Sterpi, E Rosti, M Garbin, E Ferrazzid
AIMS: To compare maternal hemodynamic profile during pregnancy and at 6-12 months after delivery in pregnancies with different HDP phenotypes or severe IUGR. METHODS: We enrolled patients between 24 and 38 weeks of gestation: HDP with appropriate for gestational age foetuses (HDP-AGAf), HDP with IUGR (HDP-IUGR), severe IUGR and Controls matched for gestational age. Severe IUGR was defined as abdominal circumference <5th centile and a PI in umbilical artery42SD...
August 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
D Di Martino, S Zullino, D Casati, A S Grimaldi, C Mastroianni, G Principato, E Rosti, M Garbin, E Ferrazzi
AIMS: To investigate maternal hemodynamic status in pregnancies complicated by HDP and/or IUGR and by severe IUGR without HDP. METHODS: In this prospective study we enrolled pregnant women between 24 and 38 weeks divided in: HDP with appropriate for gestational age fetuses (HDP-AGA), HDP associated with IUGR (HDPIUGR), severe IUGR and a group of controls matched for gestational age. Severe IUGR was defined as abdominal circumference <5th centile and a Doppler velocimetry in umbilical artery42SD...
August 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Isabelle Mothe-Satney, Joseph Murdaca, Brigitte Sibille, Anne-Sophie Rousseau, Raphaëlle Squillace, Gwenaëlle Le Menn, Akila Rekima, Frederic Larbret, Juline Pelé, Valérie Verhasselt, Paul A Grimaldi, Jaap G Neels
Metabolism plays an important role in T cell biology and changes in metabolism drive T cell differentiation and fate. Most research on the role of metabolism in T lymphocytes focuses on mature T cells while only few studies have investigated the role of metabolism in T cell development. In this study, we report that activation or overexpression of the transcription factor Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptor β (PPARβ) increases fatty acid oxidation in T cells. Furthermore, using both in vivo and in vitro models, we demonstrate that PPARβ activation/overexpression inhibits thymic T cell development by decreasing proliferation of CD4(-)CD8(-) double-negative stage 4 (DN4) thymocytes...
September 29, 2016: Scientific Reports
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