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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830027/factors-influencing-use-of-family-planning-in-women-living-in-crisis-affected-areas-of-sub-saharan-africa-a-review-of-the-literature
#1
REVIEW
Kelly Ackerson, Ruth Zielinski
BACKGROUND: far too many women continue to die from pregnancy and childbirth related causes. While rates have decreased in the past two decades, some areas of the world such as sub-Saharan Africa continue to have very high maternal mortality rates. One intervention that has been demonstrated to decrease maternal mortality is use of family planning and modern contraception, yet rates of use in sub-Saharan countries with the highest rates of maternal death remain very low. AIM: to review available research and summarize the factors that inhibit or promote family planning and contraceptive use among refugee women and women from surrounding areas living in Sub-Saharan Africa...
August 1, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829330/perception-of-educational-environment-among-undergraduate-students-of-health-disciplines-in-an-iranian-university
#2
Arezou Farajpour, S Mohammad Ali Raisolsadat, Samaneh S Moghadam, Zahra Mostafavian
Objectives: This paper seeks to determine the perception of Medical, Nursing and Midwifery students about their educational environment and compare their perceptions in terms of disciplines, demographic attributes and academic level. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, Medical, Nursing and Midwifery students in Islamic Azad University, Mashhad, Iran, were selected using stratified random sampling method (N=378). They completed the standard Persian version of Dundee Ready Education Environment Measure (DREEM) questionnaire...
August 18, 2017: International Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829007/how-do-doctors-and-nurses-in-emergency-departments-in-hong-kong-view-their-disaster-preparedness-a-cross-sectional-territory-wide-online-survey
#3
Rex P K Lam, Satchit Balsari, Kevin K C Hung, Kai-Hsun Hsiao, L P Leung, Jennifer Leaning
OBJECTIVES: To assess the level of all-hazards disaster preparedness and training needs of emergency department (ED) doctors and nurses in Hong Kong from their perspective, and identify factors associated with high perceived personal preparedness. DESIGN: This study was a cross-sectional territory-wide online survey conducted from 9 September to 26 October, 2015. Participants The participants were doctors from the Hong Kong College of Emergency Medicine and nurses from the Hong Kong College of Emergency Nursing...
August 22, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828878/determining-the-efficacy-of-national-strategies-aimed-at-addressing-the-challenges-facing-health-personnel-working-in-rural-areas-in-kwazulu-natal-south-africa
#4
Grace Mburu, Gavin George
BACKGROUND: Shortages of Human Resources for Health (HRH) in rural areas are often driven by poor working and living conditions, inadequate salaries and benefits, lack of training and career development opportunities amongst others. The South African government has adopted a human resource strategy for the health sector in 2011 aimed at addressing these challenges. AIM: This study reviews the challenges faced by health personnel against government strategies aimed at attracting and retaining health personnel in these underserved areas...
July 31, 2017: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828869/utilisation-of-the-partogram-among-nurses-and-midwives-in-selected-health-facilities-in-the-eastern-province-of-rwanda
#5
Oliva Bazirete, Nomafrench Mbombo, Oluyinka Adejumo
BACKGROUND: Maternal mortality continues to be a global burden, with more than 200 million women becoming pregnant each year and a large number dying as a result of complications of pregnancy or childbirth. The World Health Organisation has recommended use of the partogram to monitor labour and delivery in order to improve healthcare and reduce maternal and foetal mortality rates. OBJECTIVE: This study described factors affecting utilisation of the partogram among nurses and midwives in selected health facilities of Rwanda...
August 3, 2017: Curationis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828868/the-role-of-patient-care-workers-in-private-hospitals-in-the-cape-metropole-south-africa
#6
Louise A Aylward, Talitha Crowley, Ethelwynn L Stellenberg
BACKGROUND: Nursing managers have to meet expectations of patients despite economic pressures, an increasing burden of disease and nursing shortages. Shifting health care-related tasks to lower categories of staff, including non-nursing support staff, has become one solution to address this dilemma. Patient care workers are a specific group of non-nursing support staff working in South African hospitals. Although patient care workers have been used for several years and their numbers are increasing, there are controversial opinions about the role of patient care workers, ranging from praise for their contribution towards patient care to serious concerns about the impact of their role on patient safety...
July 31, 2017: Curationis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828483/global-prevalence-of-fetal-alcohol-spectrum-disorder-among-children-and-youth-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
Shannon Lange, Charlotte Probst, Gerrit Gmel, Jürgen Rehm, Larry Burd, Svetlana Popova
Importance: Prevalence estimates are essential to effectively prioritize, plan, and deliver health care to high-needs populations such as children and youth with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD). However, most countries do not have population-level prevalence data for FASD. Objective: To obtain prevalence estimates of FASD among children and youth in the general population by country, by World Health Organization (WHO) region, and globally. Data Sources: MEDLINE, MEDLINE in process, EMBASE, Education Resource Information Center, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Web of Science, PsychINFO, and Scopus were systematically searched for studies published from November 1, 1973, through June 30, 2015, without geographic or language restrictions...
August 21, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828197/transition-care-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease-a-needs-assessment-survey-of-quebec-gastroenterologists-and-allied-nurses
#8
Matthew Strohl, Xun Zhang, Dominique Lévesque, Talat Bessissow
AIM: To determine the tools needed and problems encountered during the transition of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients from pediatric to adult gastroenterologists (GIs) in Québec, Canada. METHODS: We conducted a needs assessment survey of Quebec health care professionals (HCPs). The survey was handed out to 136 Québec HCPs at a local conference in 2013. Additionally, it was emailed to any other HCPs in Quebec involved in caring for IBD patients. The completed surveys were compiled to derive descriptive data...
August 6, 2017: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827240/national-audit-of-pressure-ulcers-and-incontinence-associated-dermatitis-in-hospitals-across-wales-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Michael Clark, Martin J Semple, Nicola Ivins, Kirsten Mahoney, Keith Harding
OBJECTIVE: The Chief Nurse National Health Service Wales initiated a national survey of acute and community hospital patients in Wales to identify the prevalence of pressure ulcers and incontinence-associated dermatitis. METHODS: Teams of two nurses working independently assessed the skin of each inpatient who consented to having their skin observed. RESULTS: Over 28 September 2015 to 2nd October 2015, 8365 patients were assessed across 66 hospitals with 748 (8...
August 21, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826981/operation-and-organization-of-ambulatory-surgery-in-france-results-of-a-nationwide-survey-the-opera-study
#10
Marc Beaussier, Pierre Albaladejo, Didier Sciard, Laurent Jouffroy, Dan Benhamou, Claude Ecoffey, Frederic Aubrun
Operation and organization of ambulatory surgical activity in France remains largely undocumented. Because organizational processes are a major determinant of the quality of care and patient safety, this could appear in contrast with the strong encouragement by French authorities to physicians and hospitals to further develop surgery in an ambulatory setting. This nationwide observational prospective survey, carried out between December 2013 and December 2014, was undertaken to characterize the organizational processes of ambulatory surgery in France...
August 4, 2017: Anaesthesia, Critical Care & Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826976/the-effects-of-mutual-goal-setting-practice-in-older-adults-with-chronic-illness
#11
Winnie Lai-Sheung Cheng
Goal setting is a strategy that can enhance performance. The purpose of this study was to examine how engaging older adults with chronic illness in setting goals for their care would affect their performance in achieving those goals. This study employed a quasi-experimental design with repeated measures to evaluate the effect of an intervention, namely mutual goal-setting (MGS) practice, on elderly patients with chronic illness. Eighty such patients receiving nursing care at home were recruited for the study...
August 18, 2017: Geriatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826873/clinical-nonlicensed-personnel-in-u-s-hospitals-job-trends-from-2010-to-2015
#12
Patricia Pittman, Suhui Li, Xinxin Han, Time Lowe
BACKGROUND: Despite the large numbers in health care industry, little is known about the clinical nonlicensed personnel (CNLP) in U.S. hospitals and how their staffing has changed over time. PURPOSE: The purpose of this analysis is to better understand the conformation and recent trends in CNLP staffing in U.S. hospitals from 2010 to 2015. METHODS: Using Premier's OperationsAdvisor database, we examined trends in staffing of 25 CNLP jobs and graduate nurses (GNs) in U...
July 21, 2017: Nursing Outlook
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826840/effectiveness-of-dietetic-consultations-in-primary-health-care-a-systematic-review-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#13
Lana J Mitchell, Lauren E Ball, Lynda J Ross, Katelyn A Barnes, Lauren T Williams
BACKGROUND: A dietetic consultation is a structured process aimed at supporting individual patients to modify their dietary behaviors to improve health outcomes. The body of evidence on the effectiveness of nutrition care provided by dietitians in primary health care settings has not previously been synthesized. This information is important to inform the role of dietitians in primary health care service delivery. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate the evidence of the effectiveness of individual consultations provided exclusively by dietitians in primary care to support adult patients to modify dietary intake and improve health outcomes...
August 19, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826370/bhutanese-older-adult-refugees-recently-resettled-in-the-united-states-a-better-life-with-little-sorrows
#14
Ramraj Gautam, Barbara E Mawn, Sarah Beehler
PURPOSE: This study explores the experiences and adjustment process among older Bhutanese refugees resettled in the United States and identifies their unmet health and social service needs. DESIGN: This phenomenological study design included the conduction of nine in-depth semistructured interviews in the respondents' native language. The researchers adhered to the steps outlined by Moustakas for data analysis. RESULTS: The five identified themes included the following: a better life but with little sorrows, cultural tensions related to adaptation, language as a barrier to success in the United States, isolation and loneliness, and worries about citizenship and its impact on the future...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Transcultural Nursing: Official Journal of the Transcultural Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826358/the-relationship-between-cultural-sensitivity-and-assertiveness-in-nursing-students-from-turkey
#15
Serap Parlar Kılıç, Sibel Sevinç
BACKGROUND: As foreigners live in and visit Turkey for various reasons, it is essential to provide culturally appropriate health care. PURPOSE: This study was conducted to determine the relationship between cultural sensitivity and assertiveness in university nursing students. METHOD: This descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted at two universities in the cities of Kilis and Elazığ, Turkey. The study sample consisted of 444 nursing students...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Transcultural Nursing: Official Journal of the Transcultural Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826351/nurses-experiences-in-a-turkish-internal-medicine-clinic-with-syrian-refugees
#16
Sibel Sevinç
INTRODUCTION: The increasing flow of Syrian refugees to Turkey, coupled with their extended stay, highlights the need for culturally competent health care, which includes nursing interventions. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to describe the experiences of nurses who provide care for Syrian refugees in internal medicine clinics in a hospital located in Turkey. METHOD: This descriptive study was based on qualitative content analysis using an inductive approach and involved discovery and description of the data...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Transcultural Nursing: Official Journal of the Transcultural Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826310/focus-groups-investigating-mental-health-attitudes-and-beliefs-of-parents-and-teachers-in-south-lebanon-are-they-culturally-determined
#17
Myrna A A Doumit, Laila F Farhood, Carmen Hamady
INTRODUCTION: The wars that Lebanon had endured led to a devastating number of deaths, injuries, and displacements. Such tragedies have detrimentally affected its civilians psychologically. PURPOSE: To identify knowledge, attitudes, and practices of teachers and parents concerning child/adolescent mental health. METHOD: Using purposeful sampling, five focus groups were conducted with teachers and parents of students from elementary, middle, and secondary levels in two private hub schools in South Lebanon...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Transcultural Nursing: Official Journal of the Transcultural Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826291/a-descriptive-study-of-differing-school-health-delivery-models
#18
Sherri I Becker, Erin Maughan
The purpose of this exploratory qualitative study was to identify and describe emerging models of school health services. Participants ( N = 11) provided information regarding their models in semistructured phone interviews. Results identified a variety of funding sources as well as different staffing configurations and supervision. Strengths of the new models included an increase in school nurses and improved communication between schools, public health agencies, and health providers. Challenges for nurses practicing in the new models included not feeling connected to the school and unclear roles of unlicensed assistive personnel...
January 1, 2017: Journal of School Nursing: the Official Publication of the National Association of School Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822543/dairy-calf-management-a-comparison-of-practices-and-producer-attitudes-among-conventional-and-organic-herds
#19
J A Pempek, G M Schuenemann, E Holder, G G Habing
Dairy calves are at high risk for morbidity and mortality early in life. Understanding producer attitudes is important for implementation of best management practices to improve calf health. The objectives of this study were to evaluate usage frequency and producer attitudes on key calf management practices between conventional and organic dairy operations. A cross-sectional survey was mailed to conventional and organic dairy producers in Ohio and Michigan that included questions on cow-calf separation, colostrum management, and vaccination use...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822435/-characteristics-of-the-chinese-human-milk-banks-operation
#20
(no author information available yet)
Objective: To assess the operation status of human milk banks in the mainland of China. Method: This retrospective study included a consecutive series of 14 human milk banks in the mainland of China from March 2013 to December 2016. The opened date, condition of donated breast milk, characteristics of donors and clinical application of donated breast milk were analyzed. Result: There were 14 human milk banks successively founded in mainland China from March 2013 to December 2016. The number of human milk banks, the amount of donated breast milk, the number of eligible donors and the times of donation had increased each year...
August 2, 2017: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
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