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Burkholderia cenocepacia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642745/structure-of-o-antigen-and-hybrid-biosynthetic-locus-in-burkholderia-cenocepacia-clonal-variants-recovered-from-a-cystic-fibrosis-patient
#1
A A Hassan, Rita F Maldonado, Sandra C Dos Santos, Flaviana Di Lorenzo, Alba Silipo, Carla P Coutinho, Vaughn S Cooper, Antonio Molinaro, Miguel A Valvano, Isabel Sá-Correia
Burkholderia cenocepacia is an opportunistic pathogen associated with chronic lung infections and increased risk of death in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF). In this work, we investigated the lipopolysaccharide (LPS) of clinical variants of B. cenocepacia that were collected from a CF patient over a period of 3.5 years, from the onset of infection until death by necrotizing pneumonia (cepacia syndrome). We report the chemical structure of the LPS molecule of various sequential isolates and the identification of a novel hybrid O-antigen (OAg) biosynthetic cluster...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614901/x-ray-crystal-structures-of-the-pheromone-binding-domains-of-two-quorum-hindered-transcription-factors-yenr-of-yersinia-enterocolitica-and-cepr2-of-burkholderia-cenocepacia
#2
Youngchang Kim, Gekleng Chhor, Ching-Sung Tsai, Gabriel Fox, Chia-Sui Chen, Nathan J Winans, Robert Jedrzejczak, Andrzej Joachimiak, Stephen C Winans
The ability of LuxR-type proteins to regulate transcription is controlled by bacterial pheromones, N-acylhomoserine lactones (AHLs). Most LuxR-family proteins require their cognate AHLs for activity, and some of them require AHLs for folding and stability, and for protease-resistance. However, a few members of this family are able to fold, dimerize, bind DNA, and regulate transcription in the absence of AHLs; moreover, these proteins are antagonized by their cognate AHLs. One such protein is YenR of Yersinia enterocolitica, which is antagonized by N-3-oxohexanoyl-l-homoserine lactone (OHHL)...
June 14, 2017: Proteins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596407/complete-genome-sequence-of-burkholderia-cenocepacia-cr318-a-phosphate-solubilizing-bacterium-isolated-from-corn-root
#3
Filip Zekic, Brian Weselowski, Ze-Chun Yuan
Here, we report the complete genome sequence of the phosphate-solubilizing bacterium Burkholderia cenocepacia CR318, consisting of three circular chromosomes of 3,511,146 bp, 3,097,552 bp, and 1,056,069 bp. The data presented will facilitate further insight into the mechanisms of phosphate solubilization and its application for agricultural and ecological sustainability.
June 8, 2017: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593045/virulence-traits-associated-with-burkholderia-cenocepacia-st856-epidemic-strain-isolated-from-cystic-fibrosis-patients
#4
Milka Malešević, Zorica Vasiljević, Aleksandar Sovtić, Brankica Filipić, Katarina Novović, Milan Kojić, Branko Jovčić
BACKGROUND: Burkholderia cenocepacia is considered one of the most problematic cystic fibrosis (CF) pathogens. Colonization prevalence in the Serbian CF population is high and virtually exclusively limited to a single highly transmissible clone of B. cenocepacia ST856 which is positive for both the B. cepacia epidemic strain marker (BCESM) and cable pilin, and is closely related to the epidemic strain CZ1 (ST32). METHODS: Biofilm formation for 182 isolates, and adhesion to components of the host extracellular matrix, proteolytic activity, mucoidy and motility of selected ST856 representatives, as well as B...
2017: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587856/optimization-and-characterization-of-a-murine-lung-infection-model-for-the-evaluation-of-novel-therapeutics-against-burkholderia-cenocepacia
#5
Bieke Vanhoutte, Davie Cappoen, Bidart de Macedo Maira, Freya Cools, Eveline Torfs, Tom Coenye, Wim Martinet, Guy Caljon, Louis Maes, Peter Delputte, Paul Cos
Several B. cenocepacia mouse models are available to study the pulmonary infection by this Burkholderia cepacia complex (BCC) species. However, a characterized B. cenocepacia mouse model to evaluate the efficacy of potential new antibacterial therapies is not yet described. Therefore, we optimized and validated the course of infection (i.e. bacterial proliferation in lung, liver and spleen) and the efficacy of a reference antibiotic, tobramycin (TOB), in a mouse lung infection model. Furthermore, the local immune response and histological changes in lung tissue were studied during infection and treatment...
June 3, 2017: Journal of Microbiological Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562673/analysis-of-parb-centromere-interactions-by-multiplex-spr-imaging-reveals-specific-patterns-for-binding-parb-in-six-centromeres-of-burkholderiales-chromosomes-and-plasmids
#6
Flavien Pillet, Fanny Marie Passot, Franck Pasta, Véronique Anton Leberre, Jean-Yves Bouet
Bacterial centromeres-also called parS, are cis-acting DNA sequences which, together with the proteins ParA and ParB, are involved in the segregation of chromosomes and plasmids. The specific binding of ParB to parS nucleates the assembly of a large ParB/DNA complex from which ParA-the motor protein, segregates the sister replicons. Closely related families of partition systems, called Bsr, were identified on the chromosomes and large plasmids of the multi-chromosomal bacterium Burkholderia cenocepacia and other species from the order Burkholeriales...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463663/prevalence-of-burkholderia-species-including-members-of-burkholderia-cepacia-complex-among-uk-cystic-and-non-cystic-fibrosis-patients
#7
Dervla T D Kenna, Daniel Lilley, Amy Coward, Kate Martin, Claire Perry, Rachel Pike, Robert Hill, Jane F Turton
PURPOSE: We aimed to establish the prevalence of different Burkholderia species among UK cystic fibrosis (CF) and non-CF patients over a 2 year period. METHODOLOGY: Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization-time of flight mass spectrometry was used to identify isolates to genus level, followed by recA/gyrB sequence clustering or species-specific PCR. In all, 1047 Burkholderia isolates were submitted for identification from 361 CF patients and 112 non-CF patients, 25 from the hospital environment and three from a commercial company...
April 2017: Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463102/high-intracellular-c-di-gmp-levels-antagonize-quorum-sensing-and-virulence-gene-expression-in-burkholderia-cenocepacia-h111
#8
Nadine Schmid, Angela Suppiger, Elisabeth Steiner, Gabriella Pessi, Volkhard Kaever, Mustafa Fazli, Tim Tolker-Nielsen, Urs Jenal, Leo Eberl
The opportunistic human pathogen Burkholderia cenocepacia H111 uses two chemically distinct signal molecules for controlling gene expression in a cell density-dependent manner: N-acyl-homoserine lactones (AHLs) and cis-2-dodecenoic acid (BDSF). Binding of BDSF to its cognate receptor RpfR lowers the intracellular c-di-GMP level, which in turn leads to differential expression of target genes. In this study we analysed the transcriptional profile of B. cenocepacia H111 upon artificially altering the cellular c-di-GMP level...
May 3, 2017: Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432094/the-use-of-synthetic-hybrid-strains-to-determine-the-role-of-replicon-3-in-virulence-of-the-burkholderia-cepacia-complex
#9
Kirsty Agnoli, Roman Freitag, Margarida C Gomes, Christian Jenul, Angela Suppiger, Olga Mannweiler, Carmen Frauenknecht, Daniel Janser, Annette C Vergunst, Leo Eberl
The Burkholderia cepacia complex (Bcc) displays a wealth of metabolic diversity with great biotechnological potential, but the utilisation of these bacteria is limited by their opportunistic pathogenicity to humans. The third replicon of the Bcc, megaplasmid pC3 (0.5 to 1.4 Mb, previously chromosome 3), is important for various phenotypes, including virulence, antifungal and proteolytic activities, and the utilization of certain substrates. Approximately half of plasmid pC3 is well-conserved throughout sequenced Bcc members, while the other half is not...
April 21, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428775/genomics-reveals-a-unique-clone-of-burkholderia-cenocepacia-harboring-an-actively-excising-novel-genomic-island
#10
Prashant P Patil, Swapna Mali, Samriti Midha, Vikas Gautam, Lona Dash, Sunil Kumar, Jayanthi Shastri, Lipika Singhal, Prabhu B Patil
Burkholderia cenocepacia is a clinically dominant form among the other virulent species of Burkholderia cepacia complex (Bcc). In the present study, we sequenced and analyzed the genomes of seven nosocomial Bcc isolates, five of which were isolated from the bloodstream infections and two isolates were recovered from the hospital setting during the surveillance. Genome-based species identification of the Bcc isolates using a type strain explicitly identified the species as B. cenocepacia. Moreover, single nucleotide polymorphism analysis revealed that the six isolates were clonal and phylogenetically distinct from the other B...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419759/regulation-of-burkholderia%C3%A2-cenocepacia-biofilm-formation-by-rpon-and-the-c-di-gmp-effector-berb
#11
Mustafa Fazli, Morten Rybtke, Elisabeth Steiner, Elisabeth Weidel, Jens Berthelsen, Julie Groizeleau, Wu Bin, Boo Zhao Zhi, Zhang Yaming, Volkhard Kaever, Michael Givskov, Rolf W Hartmann, Leo Eberl, Tim Tolker-Nielsen
Knowledge about the molecular mechanisms that are involved in the regulation of biofilm formation is essential for the development of biofilm-control measures. It is well established that the nucleotide second messenger cyclic diguanosine monophosphate (c-di-GMP) is a positive regulator of biofilm formation in many bacteria, but more knowledge about c-di-GMP effectors is needed. We provide evidence that c-di-GMP, the alternative sigma factor RpoN (σ54), and the enhancer-binding protein BerB play a role in biofilm formation of Burkholderia cenocepacia by regulating the production of a biofilm-stabilizing exopolysaccharide...
April 16, 2017: MicrobiologyOpen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348057/immune-recognition-of-the-epidemic-cystic-fibrosis-pathogen-burkholderia-dolosa
#12
Damien Roux, Molly Weatherholt, Bradley Clark, Mihaela Gadjeva, Diane Renaud, David Scott, David Skurnik, Gregory P Priebe, Gerald Pier, Craig Gerard, Deborah R Yoder-Himes
Burkholderia dolosa caused an outbreak in the cystic fibrosis (CF) clinic at Boston Children's Hospital from 1998 to 2005 and led to the infection of over 40 patients, many of whom died due to complications from infection by this organism. To assess whether B. dolosa significantly contributes to disease or is recognized by the host immune response, mice were infected with a sequenced outbreak B. dolosa strain, AU0158, and responses were compared to those to the well-studied CF pathogen Pseudomonas aeruginosa In parallel, mice were also infected with a polar flagellin mutant of B...
June 2017: Infection and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347342/identification-and-analysis-of-genomic-islands-in-burkholderia-cenocepacia-au-1054-with-emphasis-on-pathogenicity-islands
#13
Feng-Biao Guo, Lifeng Xiong, Kai-Yue Zhang, Chuan Dong, Fa-Zhan Zhang, Patrick C Y Woo
BACKGROUND: Genomic islands (GIs) are genomic regions that reveal evidence of horizontal DNA transfer. They can code for many functions and may augment a bacterium's adaptation to its host or environment. GIs have been identified in strain J2315 of Burkholderia cenocepacia, whereas in strain AU 1054 there has been no published works on such regions according to our text mining and keyword search in Medline. RESULTS: In this study, we identified 21 GIs in AU 1054 by combining two computational tools...
March 27, 2017: BMC Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325850/phenotypic-diversity-and-genotypic-flexibility-of-burkholderia-cenocepacia-during-long-term-chronic-infection-of-cystic-fibrosis-lungs
#14
Amy Huei-Yi Lee, Stephane Flibotte, Sunita Sinha, Adrianna Paiero, Rachel L Ehrlich, Sergey Balashov, Garth D Ehrlich, James E A Zlosnik, Joshua Chang Mell, Corey Nislow
Chronic bacterial infections of the lung are the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in cystic fibrosis patients. Tracking bacterial evolution during chronic infections can provide insights into how host selection pressures-including immune responses and therapeutic interventions-shape bacterial genomes. We carried out genomic and phenotypic analyses of 215 serially collected Burkholderia cenocepacia isolates from 16 cystic fibrosis patients, spanning a period of 2-20 yr and a broad range of epidemic lineages...
April 2017: Genome Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296935/peptide-modification-results-in-the-formation-of-a-dimer-with-a-60-fold-enhanced-antimicrobial-activity
#15
Amal Thamri, Myriam Létourneau, Alex Djoboulian, David Chatenet, Eric Déziel, Annie Castonguay, Jonathan Perreault
Cationic antimicrobial peptides (CAMPs) occur naturally in numerous organisms and are considered as a class of antibiotics with promising potential against multi-resistant bacteria. Herein, we report a strategy that can lead to the discovery of novel small CAMPs with greatly enhanced antimicrobial activity and retained antibiofilm potential. We geared our efforts towards i) the N-terminal cysteine functionalization of a previously reported small synthetic cationic peptide (peptide 1037, KRFRIRVRV-NH2), ii) its dimerization through a disulfide bond, and iii) a preliminary antimicrobial activity assessment of the newly prepared dimer against Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Burkholderia cenocepacia, pathogens responsible for the formation of biofilms in lungs of individuals with cystic fibrosis...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294652/sequential-burkholderia-cenocepacia-isolates-from-siblings-with-cystic-fibrosis-show-increased-lung-cell-attachment
#16
Louise Cullen, Andrew O'Connor, Pavel Drevinek, Kirsten Schaffer, Siobhán McClean
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 15, 2017: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292982/antibiotic-capture-by-bacterial-lipocalins-uncovers-an-extracellular-mechanism-of-intrinsic-antibiotic-resistance
#17
Omar M El-Halfawy, Javier Klett, Rebecca J Ingram, Slade A Loutet, Michael E P Murphy, Sonsoles Martín-Santamaría, Miguel A Valvano
The potential for microbes to overcome antibiotics of different classes before they reach bacterial cells is largely unexplored. Here we show that a soluble bacterial lipocalin produced by Burkholderia cenocepacia upon exposure to sublethal antibiotic concentrations increases resistance to diverse antibiotics in vitro and in vivo These phenotypes were recapitulated by heterologous expression in B. cenocepacia of lipocalin genes from Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Mycobacterium tuberculosis, and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus Purified lipocalin bound different classes of bactericidal antibiotics and contributed to bacterial survival in vivo Experimental and X-ray crystal structure-guided computational studies revealed that lipocalins counteract antibiotic action by capturing antibiotics in the extracellular space...
March 14, 2017: MBio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258146/a-broad-host-range-tailocin-from-burkholderia-cenocepacia
#18
Guichun W Yao, Iris Duarte, Tram T Le, Lisa Carmody, John J LiPuma, Ry Young, Carlos F Gonzalez
The Burkholderia cepacia complex (Bcc) consists of 20 closely related Gram-negative bacterial species that are significant pathogens for persons with cystic fibrosis (CF). Some Bcc strains are highly transmissible and resistant to multiple antibiotics, making infection difficult to treat. A tailocin (phage tail-like bacteriocin), designated BceTMilo, with a broad host range against members of the Bcc, was identified in B. cenocepacia strain BC0425. Sixty-eight percent of Bcc representing 10 species and 90% of non-Bcc Burkholderia strains tested were sensitive to BceTMilo...
May 15, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248999/evaluation-of-combination-therapy-for-burkholderia-cenocepacia-lung-infection-in-different-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-models
#19
Freija Van den Driessche, Bieke Vanhoutte, Gilles Brackman, Aurélie Crabbé, Petra Rigole, Jurgen Vercruysse, Glenn Verstraete, Davie Cappoen, Chris Vervaet, Paul Cos, Tom Coenye
Burkholderia cenocepacia is an opportunistic pathogen responsible for life-threatening infections in cystic fibrosis patients. B. cenocepacia is extremely resistant towards antibiotics and therapy is complicated by its ability to form biofilms. We investigated the efficacy of an alternative antimicrobial strategy for B. cenocepacia lung infections using in vitro and in vivo models. A screening of the NIH Clinical Collection 1&2 was performed against B. cenocepacia biofilms formed in 96-well microtiter plates in the presence of tobramycin to identify repurposing candidates with potentiator activity...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178425/synthetic-cystic-fibrosis-sputum-medium-diminishes-burkholderia-cenocepacia-antifungal-activity-against-aspergillus-fumigatus-independently-of-phenylacetic-acid-production
#20
Tasia Joy Lightly, Ryan R Phung, John L Sorensen, Silvia T Cardona
Phenylacetic acid (PAA), an intermediate of phenylalanine degradation, is emerging as a signal molecule in microbial interactions with the host. In this work, we explore the presence of phenylalanine and PAA catabolism in 3 microbial pathogens of the cystic fibrosis (CF) lung microbiome: Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Burkholderia cenocepacia, and Aspergillus fumigatus. While in silico analysis of B. cenocepacia J2315 and A. fumigatus Af293 genome sequences showed complete pathways from phenylalanine to PAA, the P...
February 8, 2017: Canadian Journal of Microbiology
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