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Passive leg raising test

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222571/the-edurep-approach-plus-manual-therapy-for-the-management-of-insertional-achilles-tendinopathy-a-case-report
#1
Francesco Sartorio, Anna Zanetta, Giorgio Ferriero, Elisabetta Bravini, Stefano Vercelli
BACKGROUND: Insertional Achilles tendinopathy (IAT) is a challenging overuse disorder. The aim of this case report was to study the feasibility of a comprehensive rehabilitative approach according to the Education, Unloading, Reloading, and Prevention (EdUReP) framework combined with Instrument-Augmented Soft Tissue Mobilization (I-ASTM). METHODS: An active 51-year-old man patient with chronic IAT was studied. Clinical assessment battery was composed by visual analogue scale for pain during the Achilles tendon palpation test, passive straight leg raise test, single leg hop test, Patient-Specific Functional Scale, and Foot and Ankle Ability Measure...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149407/effects-of-acute-fatigue-of-the-hip-flexor-muscles-on-hamstring-muscle-extensibility
#2
José M Muyor, Francisco M Arrabal-Campos
The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the influence of acute fatigue of the hip flexor muscles on scores attained in tests frequently used in literature to measure hamstring muscle extensibility, namely the passive straight leg raise (PSLR), active straight leg raise (ASLR), passive knee extension (PKE), active knee extension (AKE), sit-and-reach (SR) and toe-touch (TT) tests. A total of seventy-five healthy and recreationally active adults voluntarily participated in this study. To reach fatigue, the participants actively lifted their legs alternately as many times as possible...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050895/passive-leg-raise-testing-effectively-reduces-fluid-administration-in-septic-shock-after-correction-of-non-compliance-to-test-results
#3
Arjanne Rameau, Eldert de With, Evert Christiaan Boerma
BACKGROUND: Fluid resuscitation is considered a cornerstone of shock treatment, but recent data have underlined the potential hazards of fluid overload. The passive leg raise (PLR) test has been introduced as one of many strategies to predict 'fluid responsiveness.' The use of PLR testing is applicable to a wide range of clinical situations and has the potential to reduce fluid administration, since PLR testing is based upon (reversible) autotransfusion. Despite these theoretical advantages, data on the net effect on fluid balance as a result of PLR testing remain scarce...
December 2017: Annals of Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030505/ultrasound-assessment-of-volume-responsiveness-in-critically-ill-surgical-patients-two-measurements-are-better-than-one
#4
Sarah B Murthi, Syeda Fatima, Ashely R Menne, Jacob J Glaser, Samuel M Galvagno, Stephen Biederman, Raymond Fang, Hegang Chen, Thomas M Scalea
BACKGROUND: The intended physiologic response to a fluid bolus is an increase in stroke volume (SV). Several ultrasound (US) measures have been shown to be predictive. The best measure(s) in critically ill surgical patients remains unclear. METHODS: This is a prospective observational study in critically ill surgical patients receiving a bolus of crystalloid, colloid or blood. A transthoracic echocardiogram was performed before (pre-transthoracic echocardiogram) and after...
March 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017352/the-influence-of-age-on-hemodynamic-parameters-during-rest-and-exercise-in%C3%A2-healthy-individuals
#5
Emil Wolsk, Rine Bakkestrøm, Jacob H Thomsen, Louise Balling, Mads J Andersen, Jordi S Dahl, Christian Hassager, Jakob E Møller, Finn Gustafsson
OBJECTIVES: The authors sought to obtain hemodynamic estimates across a wide age span and in both sexes for future reference and compare these estimates with current guideline diagnostic hemodynamic thresholds for abnormal filling pressure and pulmonary hypertension. BACKGROUND: At present, the influence of age on hemodynamic function is largely unknown. Because many diseases with proposed cardiac impact are more prevalent in the older population, it is pivotal to know how hemodynamic parameters are affected by age itself to discern the influence of disease from that of physiological aging...
November 30, 2016: JACC. Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981285/utility-of-transthoracic-echocardiography-tte-in-assessing-fluid-responsiveness-in-critically-ill-patients-a-challenge-for-the-bedside-sonographer
#6
Wojciech Mielnicki, Agnieszka Dyla, Tomasz Zawada
Transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) has become one of the most important diagnostic tools in the treatment of critically ill patients. It allows clinicians to recognise potentially reversible life-threatening situations and is also very effective in the monitoring of the fluid status of patients, slowly substituting invasive methods in the intensive care unit. Hemodynamic assessment is based on a few static and dynamic parameters. Dynamic parameters change during the respiratory cycle in mechanical ventilation and the level of this change directly corresponds to fluid responsiveness...
December 5, 2016: Medical Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858374/prediction-of-fluid-responsiveness-an-update
#7
REVIEW
Xavier Monnet, Paul E Marik, Jean-Louis Teboul
In patients with acute circulatory failure, the decision to give fluids or not should not be taken lightly. The risk of overzealous fluid administration has been clearly established. Moreover, volume expansion does not always increase cardiac output as one expects. Thus, after the very initial phase and/or if fluid losses are not obvious, predicting fluid responsiveness should be the first step of fluid strategy. For this purpose, the central venous pressure as well as other "static" markers of preload has been used for decades, but they are not reliable...
December 2016: Annals of Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836002/cardiac-dysfunction-induced-by-weaning-from-mechanical-ventilation-incidence-risk-factors-and-effects-of-fluid-removal
#8
Jinglun Liu, Feng Shen, Jean-Louis Teboul, Nadia Anguel, Alexandra Beurton, Nadia Bezaz, Christian Richard, Xavier Monnet
BACKGROUND: Weaning-induced pulmonary oedema (WiPO) is a well-recognised cause of failure of weaning from mechanical ventilation, but its incidence and risk factors have not been reliably described. We wanted to determine the incidence and risk factors in a population of critically ill patients. In addition, we wanted to describe the effects of diuretics when they are administered in this context. METHODS: We monitored 283 consecutive spontaneous breathing trials (SBT; T-piece trial) performed in 81 patients...
November 12, 2016: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27721980/fluid-responsiveness-prediction-using-vigileo-flotrac-measured-cardiac-output-changes-during-passive-leg-raise-test
#9
Anton Krige, Martin Bland, Thomas Fanshawe
BACKGROUND: Passive leg raising (PLR) is a so called self-volume challenge used to test for fluid responsiveness. Changes in cardiac output (CO) or stroke volume (SV) measured during PLR are used to predict the need for subsequent fluid loading. This requires a device that can measure CO changes rapidly. The Vigileo™ monitor, using third-generation software, allows continuous CO monitoring. The aim of this study was to compare changes in CO (measured with the Vigileo device) during a PLR manoeuvre to calculate the accuracy for predicting fluid responsiveness...
2016: Journal of Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27673307/will-this-hemodynamically-unstable-patient-respond-to-a-bolus-of-intravenous-fluids
#10
REVIEW
Peter Bentzer, Donald E Griesdale, John Boyd, Kelly MacLean, Demetrios Sirounis, Najib T Ayas
IMPORTANCE: Fluid overload occurring as a consequence of overly aggressive fluid resuscitation may adversely affect outcome in hemodynamically unstable critically ill patients. Therefore, following the initial fluid resuscitation, it is important to identify which patients will benefit from further fluid administration. OBJECTIVE: To identify predictors of fluid responsiveness in hemodynamically unstable patients with signs of inadequate organ perfusion. DATA SOURCES AND STUDY SELECTION: Search of MEDLINE and EMBASE (1966 to June 2016) and reference lists from retrieved articles, previous reviews, and physical examination textbooks for studies that evaluated the diagnostic accuracy of tests to predict fluid responsiveness in hemodynamically unstable adult patients who were defined as having refractory hypotension, signs of organ hypoperfusion, or both...
September 27, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27632868/associations-between-functional-and-isolated-performance-measures-in-collegiate-women-s-soccer-players
#11
Ryan S McCann, Kyle B Kosik, Masafumi Terada, Megan Q Beard, Gretchen E Buskirk, Phillip A Gribble
CONTEXT: The Star Excursion Balance Test (SEBT) and Functional Movement Screen (FMS) are functional performance measures capable of predicting lower extremity injury risk. While suboptimal SEBT and FMS performances are influenced by multiple factors, the contribution of hip strength and flexibility to these tests is mostly unknown. Examination of hip strength and flexibility influences on the SEBT and FMS may direct clinicians to better methods of correcting functional deficits. OBJECTIVE: Determine the relationships of isometric hip strength and hip passive range of motion (PROM) with functional performance measures...
August 24, 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27601786/physical-performance-of-elite-and-subelite-spanish-female-futsal-players
#12
D J Ramos-Campo, J A Rubio-Arias, M Carrasco-Poyatos, P E Alcaraz
The aim of this study was to determine the parameters distinguishing top female futsal players from lower level players. Twenty-seven female futsal players participated in the study, composed of professional first division (elite; n = 15) players and semi-professional second division players (sub-elite; n = 14). Active and passive straight leg raise tests, isokinetic strength of the knee extensor and flexor muscles at 60° · s(-1) angular velocity, squat and counter movement jumps, 30 m sprint, 30 m agility, repeated sprint ability test and maximum ball speed during shooting were measured...
September 2016: Biology of Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27504619/normal-multiplanar-movement-of-the-spinal-cord-during-unilateral-and-bilateral-straight-leg-raise-quantification-mechanisms-and-overview
#13
Marinko Rade, Michael Shacklock, Mervi Könönen, Jarkko Marttila, Ritva Vanninen, Markku Kankaanpää, Olavi Airaksinen
The purpose of this investigation was to provide a full set of normal data describing neural biomechanics within the vertebral canal in all three planes with unilateral and bilateral SLR tests to allow for clinical comparison with clinical cases. This is done following the notion that, due to neural continuum, tensile forces are transmitted through the lumbosacral nerve roots and dura to the conus medullaris (linear dependency principle). In this controlled radiologic study 10 asymptomatic volunteers were scanned with 1...
August 9, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27472859/acute-effect-of-different-time-periods-of-passive-static-stretching-on-the-hamstring-flexibility
#14
Anelize Cini, Gabriela Souza de Vasconcelos, Claudia Silveira Lima
BACKGROUND: Several factors are associated with the presence of chronic low back pain; one of them is the flexibility of the hamstring muscles that influences the posture of the pelvic spine. OBJECTIVE: Investigate the influence of two different time periods of passive static stretching on the flexibility of the hamstring. METHODS: Forty-six physiotherapy students were divided into two groups performing stretching exercises: 30 s and 60 s duration...
July 21, 2016: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27458757/influence-of-static-stretching-on-hamstring-flexibility-in-healthy-young-adults-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
Diulian M Medeiros, Anelize Cini, Graciele Sbruzzi, Cláudia S Lima
The aim of the current study was to investigate the influence of static stretching on hamstring flexibility in healthy young adults by means of systematic review and meta-analysis. The search strategy included MEDLINE, PEDro, Cochrane CENTRAL, EMBASE, LILACS, and manual search from inception to June 2015. Randomized and controlled clinical trials studies that have compared static stretching to control group, and evaluated range of motion (ROM), were included. On the other hand, studies that have worked with special population such as children, elderly people, athletes, and people with any dysfunction/disease were excluded, as well as articles that have used contralateral leg as control group or have not performed static stretching...
August 2016: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27443327/associations-between-functional-and-isolated-performance-measures-in-collegiate-women-s-soccer-players
#16
Ryan S McCann, Kyle B Kosik, Masafumi Terada, Megan Q Beard, Gretchen E Buskirk, Phillip A Gribble
CONTEXT: The Star Excursion Balance Test (SEBT) and Functional Movement Screen (FMS) are functional performance measures capable of predicting lower extremity injury risk. While suboptimal SEBT and FMS performances are influenced by multiple factors, the contribution of hip strength and flexibility to these tests is mostly unknown. Examination of hip strength and flexibility influences on the SEBT and FMS may direct clinicians to better methods of correcting functional deficits. OBJECTIVE: Determine the relationships of isometric hip strength and hip passive range of motion (PROM) with functional performance measures...
July 21, 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27410769/effect-of-high-and-low-flexibility-levels-on-physical-fitness-and-neuromuscular-properties-in-professional-soccer-players
#17
E Rey, A Padrón-Cabo, R Barcala-Furelos, M Mecías-Calvo
This study aimed to analyse the impact of high and low flexibility levels of hamstring and quadriceps muscles on physical fitness and neuromuscular properties in professional soccer players. 62 male professional soccer players participated in this study and performed 2 instrumented flexibility tests (passive straight leg raise [PSLR] and quadriceps flexibility [QF]). Anaerobic performance was assessed using countermovement jump (CMJ), Abalakov vertical jump, 20-m sprint, and Balsom agility test. A k-means cluster analysis was performed to identify a cut-off value of hamstring and quadriceps flexibility and classify players as high hamstring flexibility (HHF) and low hamstring flexibility (LHF) or high quadriceps flexibility (HQF) and low quadriceps flexibility (LQF), respectively, according to the PSLR and QF performances...
October 2016: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27316915/french-intensive-care-society-international-congress-r%C3%A3-animation-2016
#18
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Annals of Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27307176/assessment-of-fluid-responsiveness-with-end-tidal-carbon-dioxide-using-a-simplified-passive-leg-raising-maneuver-a-prospective-observational-study
#19
Francis Toupin, Ariane Clairoux, Alain Deschamps, Jean-Sébastien Lebon, Yoan Lamarche, Jean Lambert, Annik Fortier, André Y Denault
BACKGROUND: Assessing fluid responsiveness is important in the management of patients with hemodynamic instability. Passive leg raising (PLR) is a validated dynamic method to induce a transient increase in cardiac preload and predict fluid responsiveness. Variations in end-tidal carbon dioxide (ETCO2) obtained by capnography correlate closely with variations in cardiac output when alveolar ventilation and carbon dioxide production are kept constant. In this prospective observational study, we tested the hypothesis that variations in ETCO2 induced by a simplified PLR maneuver can track changes in the cardiac index (CI) and thus predict fluid responsiveness...
September 2016: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27289714/the-passive-leg-raising-test-to-guide-fluid-removal-in-critically-ill-patients
#20
X Monnet, F Cipriani, L Camous, P Sentenac, M Dres, E Krastinova, N Anguel, C Richard, J L Teboul
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2015: Intensive Care Medicine Experimental
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