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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912742/perception-action-and-cognition-of-football-referees-in-extreme-temperatures-impact-on-decision-performance
#1
Nadia Gaoua, Rita F de Oliveira, Steve Hunter
Different professional domains require high levels of physical performance alongside fast and accurate decision-making. Construction workers, police officers, firefighters, elite sports men and women, the military and emergency medical professionals are often exposed to hostile environments with limited options for behavioral coping strategies. In this (mini) review we use football refereeing as an example to discuss the combined effect of intense physical activity and extreme temperatures on decision-making and suggest an explicative model...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902761/care-of-water-polo-players
#2
Jennifer D Stromberg
Water polo is a team sport that combines swimming with overhead throwing and wrestling. This places water polo players at risk for a unique group of illnesses and injuries. In addition to the medical problems and injuries seen in competitive swimmers, water polo players are at risk for a variety of traumatic injuries, including concussions, eye injuries, tympanic membrane perforation, fractures, dislocations, and lacerations. Repetitive overhead throwing also places these athletes at risk for related injuries, such as shoulder problems, including rotator cuff strain and impingement, and elbow problems, such as ulnar collateral ligament injuries, posteromedial impingement, and osteochondritis dissecans of the radial capitellum...
September 2017: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902759/competitive-diving-principles-and-injuries
#3
Nathaniel S Jones
Competitive diving is a sport that has evolved over time to become an admired present-day aquatic sport, especially in the Olympic setting. Despite its popularity, sparse research has been written as it applies to our understanding of competitive diving injuries. This article attempts to discuss common principles of competitive diving as they relate to the sport, especially as it relates to the extreme physical forces encountered by the diver and also the repetitive nature of diving. Next, these principles will be applied in the context of musculoskeletal and medical diving specific injuries...
September 2017: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902756/sacroiliac-joint-dysfunction-in-the-athlete-diagnosis-and-management
#4
Rebecca Peebles, Christopher E Jonas
Sacroiliac joint (SIJ) dysfunction is a common cause of low back pain in the athlete, especially in sports with repetitive, asymmetric loading. Complex anatomy and broad pain referral pattern make diagnosis difficult. Identifying three or more positive physical examination maneuvers for the SIJ improves examination sensitivity and specificity. Imaging is rarely helpful in establishing the diagnosis but is often used to rule out other pathology. Conservative management with activity modification, medication, physical therapy, manipulation and bracing is first line treatment...
September 2017: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902755/treatment-of-acute-carpal-bone-fractures
#5
Chad Hulsopple, Jesse Deluca, Christopher Jonas
Carpal bone fractures are common hand fractures that can be complicated by concomitant damage to surrounding structures, chronic comorbidities, or delays in diagnosis. This article provides an overview of wrist anatomy, an expedited review of the athlete's presenting condition, and a systematic approach to the evaluation of the wrist. Recommended treatment plans are based on a review of the literature and an evidence-based approach to imaging studies. It is imperative that sports medicine providers be aware of current literature for carpal bone fractures and collaborate with other medical subspecialties and the athlete to provide recommendations for a safe return to play...
September 2017: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900353/brain-doping-stimulants-use-and-misuse-among-a-sample-of-italian-college-students
#6
REVIEW
S Majori, D Gazzani, S Pilati, J Paiano, A Sannino, S Ferrari, E Checchin
INTRODUCTION: The non-medical use of prescription stimulants (NMUPS) has become the subject of great interest for its diffusion among university students, who abuse these substances to cope with the increasing load of academic stress. NMUPS has been widely investigated in the U.S. due to its increasing trend; this behavior, however, has also been reported in Europe. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to examine stimulants misuse in a Northern Italian geographic area, identifying possible developments of the phenomenon in Italy...
June 2017: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898135/understanding-adolescent-low-back-pain-from-a-multidimensional-perspective-implications-for-management
#7
Peter O'Sullivan, Anne Smith, Darren Beales, Leon Straker
Synopsis Low back pain (LBP) is the leading cause of disability worldwide. It often begins in adolescence, setting a course for later life. We have tracked the time course of LBP in the Raine Study cohort from the age of 14 years into early adulthood. Our work highlights that LBP is already prevalent at 14 years increasing across adolescence and into early adulthood. It is often co-morbid with other musculoskeletal pain. For some adolescents LBP has little impact - while for others its impact includes care seeking, taking medication, taking time off school and work, as well as modifying physical and functional activity...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895770/the-use-of-platelet-rich-plasma-prp-in-the-treatment-of-gastrocnemius-strains-a-retrospective-observational-study
#8
Paolo Borrione, Chiara Fossati, Maria Teresa Pereira, Silvana Giannini, Marco Davico, Carlo Minganti, Fabio Pigozzi
The aim of the present retrospective observational study was to evaluate the time of functional recovery following a specific combined therapeutic approach characterized by an active exercise therapy carried out immediately after Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) injections for the treatment of the muscular lesion of the distal musculotendinous junction of the gastrocnemius medial head.Medical records of 31 subjects treated with three PRP intra-lesional ultrasound guided injections and 30 patients treated with the standard therapeutic approach (control group) were analyzed...
September 12, 2017: Platelets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895619/symptoms-of-common-mental-disorders-in-professional-rugby-an-international-observational-descriptive-study
#9
Vincent Gouttebarge, Phil Hopley, Gino Kerkhoffs, Evert Verhagen, Wayne Viljoen, Paul Wylleman, Mike I Lambert
The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence of symptoms of common mental disorders among professional rugby players across countries. A cross-sectional analysis of the baseline questionnaires from an ongoing prospective cohort study was conducted. Nine national players' associations and three rugby unions distributed questionnaires based on validated scales for assessing symptoms of common mental disorders. Among the whole study sample (N=990; overall response rate of 28%), prevalence (4-week) of symptoms of common mental disorders ranged from 15% for adverse alcohol use to 30% for anxiety/depression...
September 11, 2017: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894644/anthropometric-physical-function-and-general-health-markers-of-masters-athletes-a-cross-sectional-study
#10
Samantha Fien, Mike Climstein, Clodagh Quilter, Georgina Buckley, Timothy Henwood, Josie Grigg, Justin W L Keogh
Once the general decline in muscle mass, muscle strength and physical performance falls below specific thresholds, the middle aged or older adult will be diagnosed as having sarcopenia (a loss of skeletal muscle mass and strength). Sarcopenia contributes to a range of adverse events in older age including disability, hospitalisation, institutionalisation and falls. One potentially relevant but understudied population for sarcopenia researchers would be Masters athletes. Masters sport is becoming more common as it allows athletes (typically 40 years and older) the opportunity to participate in individual and/or team sports against individuals of similar age...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890798/american-football-and-other-sports-injuries-may-cause-migraine-persistent-pain-decades-later-and-can-be-treated-successfully-with-electrical-twitch-obtaining-intramuscular-stimulation-etoims
#11
J Chu, S McNally, F Bruyninckx, D Neuhauser
INTRODUCTION: Autonomous twitch elicitation at myofascial trigger points from spondylotic radiculopathies-induced denervation supersensitivity can provide favourable pain relief using electrical twitch-obtaining intramuscular stimulation (ETOIMS). AIM: To provide objective evidence that ETOIMS is safe and efficacious in migraine and persistent pain management due to decades-old injuries to head and spine from paediatric American football. METHODS AND MATERIALS: An 83-year-old mildly hypertensive patient with 25-year history of refractory migraine and persistent pain self-selected to regularly receive fee-for-service ETOIMS 2/week over 20 months...
April 2017: BMJ Innovations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890783/twitter-and-traumatic-brain-injury-a-content-and-sentiment-analysis-of-tweets-pertaining-to-sport-related-brain-injury
#12
Adriana M Workewych, Madeline Ciuffetelli Muzzi, Rowan Jing, Stanley Zhang, Jane Topolovec-Vranic, Michael D Cusimano
OBJECTIVES: Sport-related traumatic brain injuries are a significant public health burden, with hundreds of thousands sustained annually in North America. While sports offer numerous physical and social health benefits, traumatic brain injuries such as concussion can seriously impact a player's life, athletic career, and sport enjoyment. The culture in many sports encourages winning at all costs, placing athletes at risk for traumatic brain injuries. As social media has become a central part of everyday life, the content of users' messages often reflects the prevailing culture related to a particular event or health issue...
2017: SAGE Open Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887865/plasma-rich-plasma-the-ultimate-secret-for-youthful-skin-elixir-and-hair-growth-triggering
#13
REVIEW
Ebtisam Elghblawi
The clinical application of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is based on the increase in the concentration of growth factors that are released from alpha-granule of the concentrated platelets and in the secretion of proteins which are able to capitalize on the healing process at the cellular level. It has been invented to restore the natural beauty by starting the natural rejuvenation process of the skin and aiming to make it function as a younger one and to keep the skin youthful and maintain it. Besides that, it is also emerged to include hairs as a new injectable procedure to enable stimulating hair growth locally and topically; preventing its fall; improving hair shaft, hair stem, and its caliber; increasing its shine, vitality, and pliability; and declining hair splitting and breakage...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886824/sport-concussion-and-the-female-athlete
#14
REVIEW
Jacob E Resch, Amanda Rach, Samuel Walton, Donna K Broshek
Sport concussion (SC) has emerged as a major health concern in the medical community and general public owing to increased research and media attention, which has primarily focused on male athletes. Female athletes have an equal, if not increased, susceptibility to SC. An ever-growing body of research continues to compare male and female athletes in terms of SC before and after an injury. Clinicians must be cognizant of this literature to make evidence-based clinical decision when providing care to female athletes and discern between dated and/or unsupported claims in terms of SC...
October 2017: Clinics in Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886817/women-in-sport-historical-perspectives
#15
REVIEW
Elizabeth A Gregg, Vanessa H Gregg
The history of women in sport in America was shaped by Victorian ideals and other belief systems prevalent during the nineteenth century. Medical experts of that era believed that intense exercise and competition could cause women to become masculine, threaten their ability to bear children, and create other reproductive health complications. Consequently, sport for women was reserved for upper-class women until the mid-twentieth century. Title IX of the Education Amendments had a significant and lasting impact on sport in America...
October 2017: Clinics in Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878729/structural-functional-and-metabolic-brain-markers-differentiate-collision-versus-contact-and-non-contact-athletes
#16
Nathan W Churchill, Michael G Hutchison, Alex P Di Battista, Simon J Graham, Tom A Schweizer
There is growing concern about how participation in contact sports affects the brain. Retrospective evidence suggests that contact sports are associated with long-term negative health outcomes. However, much of the research to date has focused on former athletes with significant health problems. Less is known about the health of current athletes in contact and collision sports who have not reported significant medical issues. In this cross-sectional study, advanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was used to evaluate multiple aspects of brain physiology in three groups of athletes participating in non-contact sports (N = 20), contact sports (N = 22), and collision sports (N = 23)...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874980/prevalence-and-risk-factors-for-low-back-pain-in-1-355-young-adults-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
Sudhir Ganesan, Anita Shankar Acharya, Ravi Chauhan, Shankar Acharya
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. PURPOSE: To evaluate the prevalence and various risk factors for low back pain (LBP) in young adults in India. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: LBP is an emerging problem in adolescents, with an incidence that is the highest in the third decade of life worldwide. Various risk factors such as obesity, smoking, family history, stress, and exercise have been described in the literature. This study was conducted because of paucity of data in the Indian literature...
August 2017: Asian Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873025/analysis-of-head-impacts-during-sub-elite-hurling-practice-sessions
#18
D O'Sullivan, M Roe, C Blake
The reported incidence of head and neck injuries in hurling is 0.12 per 1000 hours, but no previous research has quantified head impact characteristics in this sport. Here, a wireless accelerometer and gyroscope captured head impacts, in 20 senior club level hurling players. Peak linear and rotational acceleration and impact location were recorded during three hurling training sessions, each player participating once. A mean of 27.9 impacts (linear acceleration >10g) per player, per session were recorded; 1314 impacts during a total exposure time of 247 minutes...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872654/innebandy-%C3%A3-r-en-vanlig-orsak-till-sportrelaterade-%C3%A3-gonskador-skyddsglas%C3%A3-gon-b%C3%A3-r-anv%C3%A3-ndas-vid-innebandyspel-p%C3%A3-alla-niv%C3%A3-er
#19
Marit Tholvsen, Birgitta Lindblad, Karim Makdoumi, Sven Crafoord
Floorball - a common cause of sport related eye injury The aim of this study was to survey the incidence and type of sport related to eye injuries with special interest in floorball. A prospective study was conducted December 1st 2013 through November 30th 2014 at the Department of Ophthalmology, Örebro University Hospital. All patients presenting with an acute sports related eye injury were offered to be included. Information was collected from a self-administered questionnaire and from medical journals. During the study period, 49 patients sought care for sports related eye injuries, and 26 (53%) of those were related to floorball...
September 1, 2017: Läkartidningen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872354/video-and-clinical-screening-of-national-rugby-league-players-suspected-of-sustaining-concussion
#20
Andrew J Gardner, Magdalena Wojtowicz, Douglas P Terry, Christopher R Levi, Ross Zafonte DO, Grant L Iverson
PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: This study reviewed the available sideline Sport Concussion Assessment Tool-Third Edition (SCAT3) performance of players who were removed from play using the 'concussion interchange rule' (CIR), the available video footage of these incidences, and associated return to play and concussion diagnosis decisions. RESEARCH DESIGN: Descriptive, observational case series. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Data were collected from all NRL players who used the CIR during the 2014 season...
September 5, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
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