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Reproductive psychiatry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806491/the-validity-and-reliability-of-persian-version-of-wijma-delivery-expectancy-experience-questionnaire-version-a-among-iranian-nulliparous-women
#1
Parvin Abedi, Najva Hazeghi, Poorandokht Afshari, Ahmad Fakhri
Extreme fear of childbirth may interfere with normal process of labor and increase the rate of cesarean section. The aim of this study was to evaluate validity and reliability of a Persian version of Wijma Delivery Expectancy/Experience Questionnaire (W-DEQ) among nulliparous women. In this cross-sectional study, 200 nulliparous women of reproductive age were recruited. The original form of the W-DEQ was received from corresponding author (Garthus-Niegel). This questionnaire was translated into Persian language and back-translated to English by three experts in reproductive health and psychiatry who were fluent in Persian and English...
July 27, 2016: Global Journal of Health Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27269896/the-evolution-of-genomic-stability-to-a-mechanism-in-reproduction-and-psychiatry
#2
Pedro-Antonio Regidor, Claus D Volko, Adolf E Schindler, Uwe D Rohr
There are two forms of immune defense, the specific or adaptive immune defense and the unspecific innate immune defense. Vaccination is utilized against specific bacteria via the adaptive immune system. The innate immunity DNA stress defense is a non-toxic mechanism developed in yeasts and conserved in mammals and in plants. Although the steroidal hormone cascade has overtaken the stress response and allows superfast response via non-genomic receptors, the old innate immunity response is still mediated via the steroidal hormones cascade...
June 7, 2016: Hormone Molecular Biology and Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27239388/teaching-by-teleconference-a-model-for-distance-medical-education-across-two-continents
#3
Adeline Boatin, Joseph Ngonzi, Leslie Bradford, Blair Wylie, Annekathryn Goodman
INTRODUCTION: In Uganda, an estimated 120 obstetrician/gynecologists serve a population of 30 million people demonstrating the need to train additional skilled clinician leaders in reproductive health. In 2012, a partnership was formed with the Mbarara Regional Referral Hospital (MRRH) in southwest Uganda and the Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) in Boston, USA, in part to increase access to specialist training. This report presents an update in the development of a teaching conference between the institutions...
November 2015: Open Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27137421/guideline-adherence-for-mentally-ill-reproductive-aged-women-on-treatment-with-valproic-acid-a-retrospective-chart-review
#4
Dorothy Gotlib, Elizabeth Perelstein, Jacob Kurlander, Kara Zivin, Michelle Riba, Maria Muzik
OBJECTIVE: Valproic acid (VPA) use during pregnancy increases fetal risk of major congenital malformations and cognitive impairment. Given these risks, several medical societies have put forth guidelines suggesting to either limit the use of VPA or take certain precautions, such as making sure effective contraception practices and/or appropriate folic acid supplementation are in place, when treating reproductive-aged women. Our study aimed to review and assess adherence to these guidelines...
April 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27137419/wishful-thinking-is-not-effective-contraception-family-planning-contraception-and-safe-prescribing
#5
Marlene P Freeman
Unplanned pregnancies account for approximately 50% of pregnancies in the United States and 40% globally. Therefore, it is good clinical practice to treat women of reproductive potential with the idea in mind that they may become pregnant during the course of treatment, regardless of their stated intentions. In psychiatry, most of the disorders we treat are chronic or recurrent; women are often on psychotropic medications during the reproductive years, and many will require pharmacologic treatment for psychiatric illnesses during pregnancy...
April 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26648876/endocrine-and-cognitive-adaptations-to-cope-with-stress-in-immature-common-marmosets-callithrix-jacchus-sex-and-age-matter
#6
Maria Bernardete Cordeiro de Sousa, Ana Cecília de Menezes Galvão, Carla Jéssica Rodrigues Sales, Dijenaide Chaves de Castro, Nicole Leite Galvão-Coelho
Phenotypic sex differences in primates are associated with body differentiation during the early stages of life, expressed in both physiological and behavioral features. Hormones seem to play a pivotal role in creating a range of responses to meet environmental and social demands, resulting in better reactions to cope with challenges to survival and reproduction. Steroid hormones actively participate in neuroplasticity and steroids from both gonads and neurons seem to be involved in behavioral modulation in primates...
2015: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26263233/the-evolutionary-diagnosis-of-mental-disorder
#7
Alfonso Troisi
Medicalization of human behavioral diversity is a recurrent theme in the history of psychiatry, and the problem of defining what is a genuine mental disorder is an unresolved question since the origins of clinical psychopathology. Darwinian psychiatry can formulate a definition of mental disorder that is value free and based on factual criteria. From an evolutionary perspective, genuine mental disorders are maladaptive conditions. The ultimate function of an adaptation is gene propagation via maximization of survival and reproduction...
May 2015: Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews. Cognitive Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26246394/the-menopause-transition-interview-with-ellen-w-freeman
#8
Ellen W Freeman
Ellen W Freeman is a Research Professor in the Department of Obstetrics/Gynecology and the Department of Psychiatry at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine in Philadelphia (PA, USA). She directs the PMS research program and is co-director of the Human Behavior and Reproduction unit in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology. She received her AB in history in Smith College in Northampton, Massachusetts and her MS and PhD in social research from Bryn Mawr College in Bryn Mawr, Pennsylvania. She has published more than 200 scientific articles, book chapters, reviews and abstracts on premenstrual syndromes, perimenopause, adolescent pregnancy, infertility and related topics as well as a book on teenage pregnancy...
July 2015: Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26215590/an-illness-of-power-gender-and-the-social-causes-of-depression
#9
Alex B Neitzke
There is considerable discourse surrounding the disproportionate diagnosis of women with depression as compared to men, often times cited at a rate around 2:1. While this disparity clearly draws attention to gender, a focus on gender tends to fall away in the study and treatment of depression in neuroscience and psychiatry, which largely understand its workings in mechanistic terms of brain chemistry and neurological processes. I first consider how this brain-centered biological model for depression came about...
March 2016: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26143817/-when-the-unconscious-is-not-infertile
#10
Véronique Griner-Abraham
Among infertile couples who are undergoing the process of medically assisted reproduction, those for whom no biological cause for their infertility has been detected are offered a meeting with a liaison psychiatry team. They can then continue consultations with a psychiatrist in private practice. These consultations confront the couples with the various conflicts, injuries and impulses, buried in their unconscious which can cause symptoms of infertility. What is at play for these men and women and for the structure of each couple in its singularity?...
January 2015: Soins. Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25993980/a-brief-examination-of-integrated-care-in-undergraduate-medical-education
#11
Benoit Dubé, Marcia L Verduin
OBJECTIVE: This study examines how behavioral and physical health are currently integrated in undergraduate medical education, both in the classroom and during clinical rotations. METHODS: Members of the Association of Directors of Medical Student Education in Psychiatry (n = 215) were invited to complete a short survey on the integration of physical and behavioral health at their institution. RESULTS: In addition to undergraduate medical courses traditionally taught by psychiatrists, behavioral science topics are often addressed in neurology, reproduction, and doctoring courses...
August 2015: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25987860/descriptive-psychopathology-phenomenology-and-the-legacy-of-karl-jaspers
#12
Heinz Häfner
With his early publications (1910-1913), Karl Jaspers created a comprehensive methodological arsenal for psychiatry, thus laying the foundation for descriptive psychopathology. Following Edmund Husserl, the founder of philosophical phenomenology, Jaspers introduced phenomenology into psychopathology as "static understanding," ie, the unprejudiced intuitive reproduction (Vergegenwärtigung) and description of conscious phenomena. In a longitudinal perspective, "genetic understanding" based on empathy reveals how mental phenomena arise from mental phenomena...
March 2015: Dialogues in Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25751913/-when-the-unconscious-is-not-infertile
#13
Véronique Griner-Abraham
Among infertile couples who are undergoing the process of medically assisted reproduction, those for whom no biological cause for their infertility has been detected are offered a meeting with a liaison psychiatry team. They can then continue consultations with a psychiatrist in private practice. These consultations confront the couples with the various conflicts, injuries and impulses, buried in their unconscious which can cause symptoms of infertility. What is at play for these men and women and for the structure of each couple in its singularity?...
January 2015: Soins. Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25664213/increased-childhood-abuse-in-patients-with-premenstrual-dysphoric-disorder-in-a-turkish-sample-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
Esra Akyol Soydas, Yakup Albayrak, Basak Sahin
OBJECTIVE: Abuse is considered to have a place in the etiology of various psychiatric disorders. Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) is one of the psychiatric disorders for which abuse could be an etiologic factor; however, few studies have investigated the relationship between abuse and PMDD. In this study, our aim was to investigate childhood abuse in patients with PMDD and compare them with healthy female subjects. METHOD: This cross-sectional study included 70 women with PMDD (DSM-IV-TR criteria) who were admitted to the outpatient psychiatry clinic of Ankara Yenimahalle State Hospital, Ankara, Turkey, between December 2012 and December 2013...
2014: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25567489/the-great-opportunity-evolutionary-applications-to-medicine-and-public-health
#15
Randolph M Nesse, Stephen C Stearns
Evolutionary biology is an essential basic science for medicine, but few doctors and medical researchers are familiar with its most relevant principles. Most medical schools have geneticists who understand evolution, but few have even one evolutionary biologist to suggest other possible applications. The canyon between evolutionary biology and medicine is wide. The question is whether they offer each other enough to make bridge building worthwhile. What benefits could be expected if evolution were brought fully to bear on the problems of medicine? How would studying medical problems advance evolutionary research? Do doctors need to learn evolution, or is it valuable mainly for researchers? What practical steps will promote the application of evolutionary biology in the areas of medicine where it offers the most? To address these questions, we review current and potential applications of evolutionary biology to medicine and public health...
February 2008: Evolutionary Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24980168/adhd-and-pregnancy
#16
Marlene P Freeman
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has been increasingly recognized and treated in children and adults in recent years. As a result, a growing number of women enter their reproductive years treated with medication for ADHD or are diagnosed and start medication during their reproductive years. A common question in perinatal psychiatry regards the risk-benefit profile of pharmacotherapy for ADHD, particularly with stimulants. At this time, there are no guidelines to inform the treatment of ADHD across pregnancy and the postpartum period...
July 2014: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24720577/reproductive-health-in-women-with-serious-mental-illnesses
#17
Neslihan Keser Ozcan, Nur E Boyacıoğlu, Semra Enginkaya, Hüsniye Dinç, Hülya Bilgin
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To determine what problems female psychiatric patients have in terms of reproductive health. BACKGROUND: The reproductive health problems faced by female psychiatric patients are matters that have been neglected in the areas of both psychiatry and women's health. This study aims to make a contribution from Turkey to the literature in this neglected field. DESIGN: The study is descriptive and was conducted with 292 female patients treated in an acute inpatient psychiatric ward...
May 2014: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24612521/sexuality-education-in-brazilian-medical-schools
#18
Andrea Cronemberger Rufino, Alberto Madeiro, Manoel João Batista Castello Girão
INTRODUCTION: Sexuality education has been valued since the 1960s in medical schools worldwide. Although recent studies reaffirm the importance of incorporating sexuality into medical education, there are data gaps concerning how this happens in Brazil. AIM: To understand how Brazilian medical school professors teach sexuality in undergraduate courses. METHODS: An exploratory, cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted. A total of 207 professors from 110 Brazilian medical schools responded to an online semistructured questionnaire about the characteristics of the sexuality-related topics offered...
May 2014: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24479428/the-way-we-teach-reproductive-biology
#19
A D Falconer
At the University of Nottingham, students are taught aspects of reproductive biology throughout the Part I Basic Medical Science Course. Teachers from the Departments of Physiology and Pharmacology, Human Morphology, Biochemistry, Obstetrics and Gynaecology, and Psychiatry are involved, and an obstetrician in training (the author) has been appointed full-time lecturer in Physiology and Pharmacology to provide an additional link between the basic science and clinical content of the course. The Part II course includes an Honours Year, to give students an opportunity to explore further the application of scientific method in clinical practice...
1982: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24343183/-evolutionary-medicine
#20
M Wjst
Evolutionary medicine allows new insights into long standing medical problems. Are we "really stoneagers on the fast lane"? This insight might have enormous consequences and will allow new answers that could never been provided by traditional anthropology. Only now this is made possible using data from molecular medicine and systems biology. Thereby evolutionary medicine takes a leap from a merely theoretical discipline to practical fields - reproductive, nutritional and preventive medicine, as well as microbiology, immunology and psychiatry...
December 2013: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
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