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Ding Ding, Yiting Xu, Yuxiu Zou, Long Chen, Zhuo Chen, Weihong Tan
Graphitic nanocapsules are emerging nanomaterials which are gaining popularity along with the development of carbon nanomaterials. Their unique physical and chemical properties, as well as good biocompatibility, make them desirable agents for biomedical and bioanalytical applications. Through rational design, integrating graphitic nanocapsules with other materials provides them with additional properties which make them versatile nanoplatforms for bioanalysis. In this feature article, we present the use and performance of graphitic nanocapsules in a variety of bioanalytical applications...
July 17, 2017: Nanoscale
Ute Resch-Genger, Hans H Gorris
Lanthanide-doped photon-upconversion nanoparticles (UCNPs) have been the focus of many research activities in materials and life sciences in the last 15 years because of their potential to convert light between different spectral regions and their unique photophysical properties. To fully exploit the application potential of these fascinating nanomaterials, a number of challenges have to be overcome, such as the low brightness, particularly of small UCNPs, and the reliable quantification of the excitation-power-density-dependent upconversion luminescence...
July 14, 2017: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Nozomu Koseki, Hiroko Ashizawa, Takuho Ishii, Takahide Uchimura, Keita Ono, Saori Kuriyama, Akiko Toda, Kuretake Soejima, Naoko Nakai, Naohiro Nishimura, Tsuyoshi Mayumi, Yutaka Yasuda, Tatsuya Yamakawa, Makoto Niwa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Bioanalysis
Min Zhao, Anyi Chen, Dan Huang, Yaqin Chai, Ying Zhuo, Ruo Yuan
Cd-based semiconductor quantum dots (QDs) with size-tunable luminescence and high quantum yield have become the most promising electrochemiluminescence (ECL) emitters. However, their unavoidable biotoxicity limited their applications in bioassays. Here, the nontoxic and economical MoS2 QDs prepared by chemical exfoliation from the bulk MoS2 were first investigated as new ECL emitters, and then the possible luminescence mechanism of MoS2 QDs was studied using ECL-potential curves and differential pulse voltammetry (DPV) methods in detail...
July 13, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
Ryan Takahashi, Cyrus Khojasteh, Matthew Wright, Cornelis Hop, Shuguang Ma
The regulatory guidances on metabolites in safety testing (MIST) by US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and International Conference on Harmonisation (ICH) describe the necessity to assess exposures of circulating metabolites in humans at steady state relative to exposures achieved in nonclinical safety studies prior to the initiation of large scale clinical trials. This comparison can be accomplished by measuring metabolite concentrations in animals and humans with validated bioanalytical methods. However, bioanalysis of metabolites in multiple species and multiple studies is resource intensive and may impact the timelines of clinical studies...
July 10, 2017: Drug Metabolism Letters
Bo Hu, Jing Guo, Ying Xu, Hua Wei, Guojie Zhao, Yifu Guan
Rapid and accurate detection of microRNAs in biological systems is of great importance. Here, we report the development of a visual colorimetric assay which possesses the high amplification capabilities and high selectivity of the rolling circle amplification (RCA) method and the simplicity and convenience of gold nanoparticles used as a signal indicator. The designed padlock probe recognizes the target miRNA and is circularized, and then acts as the template to extend the target miRNA into a long single-stranded nucleotide chain of many tandem repeats of nucleotide sequences...
July 8, 2017: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Isabella S Sørensen, Christian Janfelt, Mette Marie B Nielsen, Rasmus W Mortensen, Nina Ø Knudsen, André H Eriksson, Anders J Pedersen, Kim T Nielsen
Study of skin penetration and distribution of the drug compounds in the skin is a major challenge in the development of topical drug products for treatment of skin diseases. It is crucial to have fast and efficacious screening methods which can provide information concerning the skin penetration and the distribution of the drug molecules in the region of the target. Mass spectrometry imaging (MSI) such as matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization (MALDI)-MSI offers the opportunity to analyze the drug distribution at micrometer scale, but is a low throughput technique...
July 7, 2017: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Zhen Wang, Min Cao, Lei Yang, Donghua Liu, Dacheng Wei
As a recently developed detection technique, photoelectrochemical (PEC) measurement has received extensive attention. However, owing to the lack of a comprehensive approach to engineer the photo-generated carriers, the performance is still limited. As an example, a significant use of PEC measurement might be in understanding the roles of glutathione in physiological and pathological processes. Here, we developed a new approach for engineering the photo-generated carriers with the aid of the synergic effect of self-doping, surface plasmon resonance, electrical field amplification effect, etc...
July 7, 2017: Analyst
Santosh D Bhosale, Robert Moulder, Petri Kouvonen, Riitta Lahesmaa, David R Goodlett
Blood protein measurements are used frequently in the clinic in the assessment of patient health. Nevertheless, there remains the need for new biomarkers with better diagnostic specificities. With the advent of improved technology for bioanalysis and the growth of biobanks including collections from specific disease risk cohorts, the plasma proteome has remained a target of proteomics research toward the characterization of disease-related biomarkers. The following protocol presents a workflow for serum/plasma proteomics including details of sample preparation both with and without immunoaffinity depletion of the most abundant plasma proteins and methodology for selected reaction monitoring mass spectrometry validation...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
Xiangjun Meng, Haitong Xu, Zhi Zhang, John Paul Fawcett, Junru Li, Yan Yang, Jingkai Gu
Liraglutide is a glucagon-like peptide-1 analog for the treatment of type 2 diabetes. Major interference in plasma of human and animals and low fragment signal in tandem mass spectrometry are the main difficulties encountered in the bioanalysis of liraglutide. In this study, by combining differential mobility spectrometry (DMS) with multiple ion monitoring detection (MIM), a liquid chromatography differential mobility spectrometry tandem mass spectrometry with multiple ion monitoring detection (LC-DMS-MIM) method was developed for the quantitation of liraglutide in dog plasma...
June 28, 2017: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Jaroslav Jenčo, Lenka Kujovská Krčmová, Dagmar Solichová, Petr Solich
Over the last five decades, many methods to analyze thiamine (vitamin B1) and its phosphorylated forms in urine, whole blood, serum, plasma and erythrocytes have been proposed. Some of the methods are presently used in routine practice, but analytical problems regarding reproducibility, standardization, lack of automation, time consuming procedures for pretreatment and analysis are often discussed. With modern approaches to bioanalysis in clinical research of vitamins, whole processes can be automated, making analysis less time consuming, with reduced consumption of solvents and samples...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. A
Catriona Waitt, Sujan Diliiy Penchala, Adeniyi Olagunju, Alieu Amara, Laura Else, Mohammed Lamorde, Saye Khoo
OBJECTIVES: To present the validation and clinical application of a LC-MS/MS method for the quantification of lamivudine (3TC), emtricitabine (FTC) and tenofovir (TFV) in dried blood spots (DBS) and dried breast milk spots (DBMS). METHODS: DBS and DBMS were prepared from 50 and 30μL of drug-spiked whole blood and human breast milk, respectively. Following extraction with acetonitrile and water, chromatographic separation utilised a Synergi polar column with a gradient mobile phase program consisting of 0...
June 17, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
Sara Baldelli, Giorgio Marrubini, Dario Cattaneo, Emilio Clementi, Matteo Cerea
BACKGROUND: The application of Quality by Design (QbD) principles in clinical laboratories can help to develop an analytical method through a systematic approach, providing a significant advance over the traditional heuristic and empirical methodology. In the present work, we applied for the first time the QbD concept in the development of a method for drug quantification in human plasma using elvitegravir as the test molecule. METHODS: The goal of the study was to develop a fast and inexpensive quantification method, with precision and accuracy as requested by the EMA guidelines on bioanalytical method validation...
June 22, 2017: Therapeutic Drug Monitoring
Yi-Fan Ruan, Nan Zhang, Yuan-Cheng Zhu, Wei-Wei Zhao, Jing-Juan Xu, Hong-Yuan Chen
We have developed sensitive photoelectrochemical (PEC) detection of cysteine using the gold nanoparticles (Au NPs) equipped perovskite Bi4NbO8Cl heterostructure. The Bi4NbO8Cl was prepared by a solid-state reaction, and the Au NPs/Bi4NbO8Cl electrode was made through electrostatic layer-by-layer self-assembly technique. The Au NPs/Bi4NbO8Cl electrode provided much enhanced photocurrent with great increase compared to the bare Bi4NbO8Cl electrode and allow for the plasmon-enhanced PEC detection of cysteine with good performance...
June 26, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
Noriko Iwamoto, Akihiko Shimomura, Kenji Tamura, Akinobu Hamada, Takashi Shimada
Antibody-drug conjugates (ADCs) consist of monoclonal antibody and cytotoxic drugs covalently attached via stable crosslinkers, and are prospective antibody drugs for cancer therapy. To cover the overall pharmacokinetic understanding of ADCs, both the antibody and the released drugs are necessary for practical clinical observation. The nano-surface and molecular-orientation limited (nSMOL) proteolysis is a universal approach for antibody bioanalysis that enable Fab-selective proteolysis, which maintains antibody sequence specificity while decreasing excess analyte peptides...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
Junjie Chi, Bingbing Gao, Mi Sun, Fengling Zhang, Enben Su, Hong Liu, Zhongze Gu
We report an enzyme-link immunosorbent assay (ELISA) based on patterned pseudopaper that is made of photonic nitrocellulose for highly sensitive fluorescence bioanalysis. The pseudopaper is fabricated using self-assembled monodisperse SiO2 nanoparticles that are patterned on a polypropylene substrate as template. The self-assembled nanoparticles have a close-packed hexagonal (opal) structure, so the resulting nitrocellulose has a complementary (inverse opal) photonic structure. Owing to the slow-photon effect of the photonic structure, fluorescence emission for ELISA is enhanced by up to 57-fold without increasing the assay time or complexity...
June 27, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
Ruyan Li, Yue Zhang, Wenwen Tu, Zhihui Dai
By using in situ generation of electron acceptor coupled with heterojunction as dual signal amplification, a simple photoelectrochemical (PEC) bioanalysis platform was designed. The synergic effect between the photoelectrochemical (PEC) activities of carbon nitride (C3N4) nanosheets and PbS quantum dots (QDs) achieved almost nine-fold photocurrent intensity increment compared with the C3N4 alone. After the G-quadruplex/hemin/Pt nanoparticles (NPs) with catalase-like activity toward H2O2 were introduced, oxygen was in situ generated and acted as electron donor by improving charge separation efficiency and further enhancing photocurrent response...
July 12, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Dan Zhou, Lianhua An, Yan Xia, Yuanyi Wang, Xingliang Li
This study aims to develop and validate a simple and sensitive liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) method for investigating the pharmacokinetic characteristics of bavachalcone. Liquid-liquid extraction was used to prepare plasma sample. Chromatographic separation of bavachalcone and IS was achieved by using a Venusil ASB C18 (2.1 × 50 mm, 5 μm) column with a mobile phase of methanol (A)-water (B) (70:30, v/v). The detection and quantification of analytes was performed in selected-reaction monitoring mode using precursor→product ion combinations of m/z 323...
June 15, 2017: Biomedical Chromatography: BMC
K Lipponen, S Tähkä, T Sikanen, V Jokinen, A Tatikonda, S Franssila, R Kostiainen, T Kotiaho
A micropillar array electrospray ionization (μPESI) platform fabricated from thiol-enes with 56 individual polyethylene glycol coated μPESI chips for bioanalytical mass spectrometry is introduced. Bioanalysis capability is shown by measurement of a protein, a protein digest and a cell lysate sample. The thiol-ene polyethylene glycol (PEG) coated μPESI chip allows the use of a wide range of aqueous-organic solvent compositions and provides a detection limit at 60 zeptomole level (6 × 10(-20) mol) for a peptide standard...
July 10, 2017: Analyst
Michael J Beauchamp, Gregory P Nordin, Adam T Woolley
Three-dimensional (3D) printing has generated considerable excitement in recent years regarding the extensive possibilities of this enabling technology. One area in which 3D printing has potential, not only for positive impact but also for substantial improvement, is microfluidics. To date many researchers have used 3D printers to make fluidic channels directed at point-of-care or lab-on-a-chip applications. Here, we look critically at the cross-sectional sizes of these 3D printed fluidic structures, classifying them as millifluidic (larger than 1 mm), sub-millifluidic (0...
July 2017: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
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