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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434016/chronic-rhinosinusitis-and-mood-disturbance
#1
S E Erskine, C Hopkins, A Clark, S Anari, A Robertson, S Sunkaraneni, J A Wilson, J Beezhold, C M Philpott
BACKGROUND: This study is part of the Chronic Rhinosinusitis Epidemiology Study (CRES). The overarching aim is to determine factors that influence the onset and severity of chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS). The aim of this analysis is to determine whether those with CRS are more likely to report psychiatric morbidity and in particular mood disturbance compared with healthy controls. METHODS: CRES consists of a study-specific questionnaire regarding demographic and socioeconomic factors and past medical history as well as a nasal symptom score (SNOT-22) and SF-36 (QoL - quality of life tool)...
April 23, 2017: Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432736/severe-primary-autoimmune-thrombocytopenia-itp-in-pregnancy-a-national-cohort-study
#2
A Care, S Pavord, M Knight, Z Alfirevic
OBJECTIVE: To quantify UK incidence of severe ITP in pregnancy, determine current treatment strategies and establish maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality associated with severe ITP in pregnancy. DESIGN: A prospective national cohort study SETTING: United Kingdom POPULATION: Women with severe ITP; defined as platelets <50 x 10(9) /l in pregnancy or antenatal treatment of isolated low platelets. METHODS: Data collected via United Kingdom Obstetric Surveillance System (UKOSS) between 1(st) June 2013-31(st) January 2015 from all UK Consultant led obstetric units...
April 22, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432148/systolic-blood-pressure-trajectory-frailty-and-all-cause-mortality-over-80-years-of-age-cohort-study-using-electronic-health-records
#3
Rathi Ravindrarajah, Nisha C Hazra, Shota Hamada, Judith Charlton, Stephen H D Jackson, Alex Dregan, Martin C Gulliford
Background -Clinical trials show benefit from lowering systolic blood pressure in people aged ≥80 years but non-randomised epidemiological studies suggest lower systolic blood pressure may be associated with higher mortality. This study aimed to evaluate associations of SBP with all-cause mortality by frailty category over 80 years of age and to evaluate SBP trajectories before death. Methods -A population-based cohort study was conducted using electronic health records of 144,403 participants aged 80 and older registered with family practices in the United Kingdom from 2001 to 2014...
April 21, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431829/utility-of-the-new-movement-disorder-society-clinical-diagnostic-criteria-for-parkinson-s-disease-applied-retrospectively-in-a-large-cohort-study-of-recent-onset-cases
#4
Naveed Malek, Michael A Lawton, Katherine A Grosset, Nin Bajaj, Roger A Barker, Yoav Ben-Shlomo, David J Burn, Tom Foltynie, John Hardy, Huw R Morris, Nigel M Williams, Nicholas Wood, Donald G Grosset
OBJECTIVE: To examine the utility of the new Movement Disorder Society (MDS) diagnostic criteria in a large cohort of Parkinson's disease (PD) patients. METHODS: Recently diagnosed (<3.5 years) PD cases fulfilling United Kingdom (UK) brain bank criteria in Tracking Parkinson's, a UK multicenter prospective natural history study were assessed by retrospective application of the MDS criteria. RESULTS: In 2000 cases, 1835 (91.7%) met MDS criteria for PD, either clinically established (n = 1261, 63...
April 12, 2017: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430572/lessons-about-so-called-difficult-patients-from-the-uk-controversy-over-patient-access-to-electronic-health-records
#5
Federica Lucivero
Increasing numbers of patients have direct access to their electronic health records (EHRs). Proponents of direct access argue that it empowers patients by making them more informed and offering them more control over their health and care. According to some proponents of patients' access to EHRs, clinicians' concerns about potential negative implications are grounded in a form of paternalism that protects clinicians' authority. This paper draws upon narratives from patients in the United Kingdom (UK) who have access to their EHRs and suggests strategies for moving beyond these controversies between proponents and critics of the system...
April 1, 2017: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429961/analysis-of-factors-relating-to-companion-rabbits-relinquished-to-two-united-kingdom-rehoming-centers
#6
Clare F Ellis, Wanda McCormick, Ambrose Tinarwo
Rabbits are a common companion animal in the United Kingdom, and some reports have suggested that large numbers are relinquished to rehoming centers each year. This study aimed to investigate the characteristics of rabbits relinquished to 2 UK rehoming centers and explore reasons given for relinquishment. The centers contributed data for all rabbits who entered their center during 2013 (n = 205). Most rabbits (59.5%) were relinquished by a guardian. Similar numbers of males and females were relinquished, and a larger number of rabbits were not neutered (72...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429643/emergency-department-staff-priorities-for-improving-palliative-care-provision-for-older-people-a-qualitative-study
#7
Rebecca J Wright, Karen Lowton, Glenn Robert, Corita R Grudzen, Patricia Grocott
BACKGROUND: Emergency department-based palliative care services are increasing, but research to develop these services rarely includes input from emergency clinicians, jeopardizing the effectiveness of subsequent palliative care interventions. AIM: To collaboratively identify with emergency clinicians' improvement priorities for emergency department-based palliative care for older people. DESIGN: This was one component of an experience-based co-design project, conducted using semi-structured interviews and feedback sessions...
April 1, 2017: Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428893/characteristics-and-racial-variations-of-polypoidal-choroidal-vasculopathy-in-tertiary-centers-in-the-united-states-and-united-kingdom
#8
Tarek Alasil, Nelida Munoz, Pearse A Keane, Adnan Tufail, Patrick A Coady, Eduardo Novais, Talisa E de Carlo, Caroline R Baumal, Nadia K Waheed, Jay S Duker, Ron A Adelman
PURPOSE: To evaluate the characteristics and racial variations amongst patients with polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV) in the United States and the United Kingdom. METHODS: Fundus photos and indocyanine green angiography images were evaluated in a multicenter retrospective study to establish the diagnosis of PCV. Visual acuity (VA) was recorded in ETDRS letter count. RESULTS: Eighty eyes of 71 PCV patients (average age of 69.4 ± 10...
2017: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428574/the-oral-health-of-individuals-with-dental-phobia-a-multivariate-analysis-of-the-adult-dental-health-survey-2009
#9
E Heidari, M Andiappan, A Banerjee, J T Newton
Background Adults with dental phobia have been reported to have poorer oral health and oral health-related quality of life. The aim of this study is to explore the social and demographic correlates of oral health and oral health-related quality of life (OH-QoL) of people with dental phobia compared to the non-phobic population in the United Kingdom using the data from Adult Dental Health Survey (ADHS, 2009).Method Secondary analysis of data from the ADHS, 2009. A series of logistic regression analyses was performed with outcome measures of: presence of decayed teeth; presence of missing teeth; pulp exposure ulceration fistula abscess (PUFA) score; periodontal health indices (plaque, bleeding and loss of attachments); and quality of life (oral health impact profile [OHIP14] and oral impacts on daily performance [OIDP])...
April 21, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428185/investments-in-cancer-research-awarded-to-uk-institutions-and-the-global-burden-of-cancer-2000-2013-a-systematic-analysis
#10
Mahiben Maruthappu, Michael G Head, Charlie D Zhou, Barnabas J Gilbert, Majd A El-Harasis, Rosalind Raine, Joseph R Fitchett, Rifat Atun
OBJECTIVES: To systematically categorise cancer research investment awarded to United Kingdom (UK) institutions in the period 2000-2013 and to estimate research investment relative to disease burden as measured by mortality, disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) and years lived with disability (YLDs). DESIGN: Systematic analysis of all open-access data. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Public and philanthropic funding to all UK cancer research institutions, 2000-2013...
April 20, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427310/kernell-d-colours-and-colour-vision-an-introductory-survey-kernell-d-colours-and-colour-vision-an-introductory-survey-united-kingdom-cambridge-university-press-2016-271-pp-isbn-9781107083035-%C3%A2-64-99-hardcover
#11
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426138/incremental-burden-of-cardiovascular-comorbidity-and-psoriatic-arthritis-among-adults-with-moderate-to-severe-psoriasis-in-five-european-countries
#12
M Augustin, J Vietri, H Tian, I Gilloteau
BACKGROUND: Moderate-to-severe psoriasis is associated with reduced health-related quality of life (HRQoL). Individuals with psoriasis are at increased risk for other medical conditions, but little information quantifies the incremental burden of psoriasis-associated comorbidity among European adults, and data have generally been limited to clinical samples. OBJECTIVE: To quantify the incremental burden of cardiovascular comorbidity and psoriatic arthritis among adults with moderate-to-severe psoriasis in the general population of France, Germany, Italy, Spain, and the United Kingdom (EU5)...
April 20, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425888/-satisfa%C3%A3-%C3%A3-o-com-o-internato-m%C3%A3-dico-em-portugal
#13
Miguel Bigotte Vieira, Pedro Godinho, Nuno Gaibino, Raquel Dias, Agostinho Sousa, Inês Madanelo, Francisco Ribeiro-Mourão, Mariana Brandão, Sónia Duarte, Tiago Meirinhos, Ana Luísa Catarino, Cláudio Espírito Santo, Ricardo Caiado, Ricardo Marques, Ana Gonçalves Ferreira, Carlos Ramalheira, João Valente Jorge, Marta Losada, Mário Santos, Edson Oliveira, João Paulo Farias, José Manuel Silva
INTRODUCTION: In the last years, the global context of medical education and Medical Residency programs in Portugal suffered substantial changes. The primary objective of this study was to evaluate and characterize medical residents ́ satisfaction with medical residency programs in Portugal and to identify features that could be improved. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We utilized as model the survey Postgraduate Hospital Educational Environment Measure that has been developed in the United Kingdom and is speci cally targeted to medical residents...
December 30, 2016: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425396/development-and-single-laboratory-validation-of-a-liquid-chromatography-tandem-mass-spectrometry-method-for-quantitation-of-tetrodotoxin-in-mussels-and-oysters
#14
Andrew D Turner, Michael J Boundy, Monika Dhanji Rapkova
In recent years, evidence has grown for the presence of tetrodotoxin (TTX) in bivalve mollusks, leading to the potential for consumers of contaminated products to be affected by Tetrodotoxin Shellfish Poisoning (TSP). A single-laboratory validation was conducted for the hydrophilic interaction LC (HILIC) tandem MS (MS/MS) analysis of TTX in common mussels and Pacific oysters-the bivalve species that have been found to contain TTXs in the United Kingdom in recent years. The method consists of a single-step dispersive extraction in 1% acetic acid, followed by a carbon SPE cleanup step before dilution and instrumental analysis...
April 20, 2017: Journal of AOAC International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425138/delivering-dignified-care-a-realist-synthesis-of-evidence-that-promotes-effective-listening-to-and-learning-from-older-people-s-feedback-in-acute-care-settings
#15
REVIEW
Megan Dickson, Helen Riddell, Fiona Gilmour, Brendan McCormack
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This review aims to explore effective mechanisms for listening to and learning from feedback from older people in the context of acute care. BACKGROUND: Maintaining the dignity of older people in acute care has become an issue of international concern. In the United Kingdom, recommendations for care improvement have led to the formation of an implementation group, the 'Listening and Learning Hospitals Pilot Project'. This literature review forms phase 1 of the project...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424748/immigrant-arrival-and-tuberculosis-among-large-immigrant-and-refugee-receiving-countries-2005-2009
#16
Zachary White, John Painter, Paul Douglas, Ibrahim Abubakar, Howard Njoo, Chris Archibald, Jessica Halverson, John Robson, Drew L Posey
Objective. Tuberculosis control in foreign-born populations is a major public health concern for Australia, Canada, New Zealand, United Kingdom, and the United States, large immigrant- and refugee-receiving countries that comprise the Immigration and Refugee Health Working Group (IRHWG). Identifying and comparing immigration and distribution of foreign-born tuberculosis cases are important for developing targeted and collaborative interventions. Methods. Data stratified by year and country of birth from 2005 to 2009 were received from these five countries...
2017: Tuberculosis Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424062/health-system-factors-influencing-management-of-multidrug-resistant-tuberculosis-in-four-european-union-countries-learning-from-country-experiences
#17
Gerard de Vries, Svetla Tsolova, Laura F Anderson, Agnes C Gebhard, Einar Heldal, Vahur Hollo, Laura Sánchez-Cambronero Cejudo, Daniela Schmid, Bert Schreuder, Tonka Varleva, Marieke J van der Werf
BACKGROUND: In the European Union and European Economic Area only 38% of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis patients notified in 2011 completed treatment successfully at 24 months' evaluation. Socio-economic factors and patient factors such as demographic characteristics, behaviour and attitudes are associated with treatment outcomes. Characteristics of healthcare systems also affect health outcomes. This study was conducted to identify and better understand the contribution of health system components to successful treatment of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis...
April 19, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423454/uk-neqas-survey-of-allergen-component-testing-across-the-united-kingdom-and-other-european-countries
#18
R Saleem, C Keymer, D Patel, W Egner, A W Rowbottom
The clinical utility of molecular diagnostic approaches in allergy investigation is being recognized increasingly to play a significant role in the management of allergic patients. Determining the sensitization pattern, which is best achieved through the use of component resolved diagnostics (CRD), allows effective risk stratification, appropriate treatment and patient selection for immunotherapy. In order to assess the diagnostic service provisions for in-vitro allergy testing across Europe, a survey was carried out via the total immunoglobulin (Ig)E and specific IgE external quality assurance schemes run by UK National External Quality Assessment Service (NEQAS) Immunology, Immunochemistry and Allergy...
April 19, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420680/use-of-azithromycin-and-risk-of-ventricular-arrhythmia
#19
Gianluca Trifirò, Maria de Ridder, Janet Sultana, Alessandro Oteri, Peter Rijnbeek, Serena Pecchioli, Giampiero Mazzaglia, Irene Bezemer, Edeltraut Garbe, Tania Schink, Elisabetta Poluzzi, Trine Frøslev, Mariam Molokhia, Igor Diemberger, Miriam C J M Sturkenboom
BACKGROUND: There are conflicting findings from observational studies of the arrhythrogenic potential of azithromycin. Our aim was to quantify the association between azithromycin use and the risk of ventricular arrhythmia. METHODS: We conducted a nested case-control study within a cohort of new antibiotic users identified from a network of 7 population-based health care databases in Denmark, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom for the period 1997-2010...
April 18, 2017: CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal, Journal de L'Association Medicale Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420147/intake-levels-of-fish-in-the-uk-paediatric-population
#20
Sibylle Kranz, Nicholas R V Jones, Pablo Monsivais
The United Kingdom (UK) is an island and its culture, including diet, is heavily influenced by the maritime resources. Dietary guidance in the UK recommends intake of fish, which provides important nutrients, such as long-chain omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFA). This study was designed to describe the fish intake habits of UK children using a nationally representative sample. Dietary and socio-demographic data of children 2-18 (N = 2096) in the National Diet and Nutrition Survey Rolling Program (NDNS) Years 1-4 (2008-2012) were extracted...
April 16, 2017: Nutrients
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