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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346518/what-do-people-with-aphasia-want-to-be-able-to-say-a-content-analysis-of-words-identified-as-personally-relevant-by-people-with-aphasia
#1
Rebecca Palmer, Helen Hughes, Tim Chater
BACKGROUND: Word finding is a common difficulty for people with aphasia. Targeting words that are relevant to the individual could maximise the usefulness and impact of word finding therapy. AIMS: To provide insights into words that people with aphasia perceive to be personally relevant. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: 100 people with aphasia were each asked to identify 100 words that would be particularly important for them to be able to say. Two speech and language therapist researchers conducted a quantitative content analysis of the words selected...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346386/a-mixed-methods-examination-of-physical-activity-and-sedentary-time-in-overweight-and-obese-south-asian-men-living-in-the-united-kingdom
#2
Amir Emadian, Janice Thompson
South Asian men living in the UK have higher rates of central obesity and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) compared with their white British counterparts. Physical activity (PA) and sedentary time (ST) are important risk factors for the development of T2DM. The purpose of this study was to objectively measure PA, ST, and to explore the factors influencing these behaviours in this high-risk population. A mixed-methods cross-sectional research design was employed, including the quantification of PA and ST using the self-report International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ)-long form and accelerometry in overweight and obese UK South Asian men (n = 54), followed by semi-structured interviews in a purposive sub-sample to explore the factors influencing PA and ST (n = 31)...
March 27, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346133/creating-a-climate-that-catalyses-healthcare-innovation-in-the-united-kingdom-learning-lessons-from-international-innovators
#3
Kathrin Cresswell, Sarah Cunningham-Burley, Aziz Sheikh
BACKGROUND: The United Kingdom (UK) lags behind other high-income countries in relation to technological innovation in healthcare. In order to inform UK strategy on how to catalyse innovation, we sought to understand what national strategies can help to promote a climate for innovation in healthcare settings by extracting lessons for the UK from international innovators. METHODS: We undertook a series of qualitative semi-structured interviews with senior international innovators from a range of health related policy, care/service delivery, commercial and academic backgrounds...
January 25, 2017: Journal of Innovation in Health Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345407/knee-menisci
#4
James Kevin Bryceland, Andrew John Powell, Thomas Nunn
The menisci of the knees are semicircular fibrocartilaginous structures consisting of a hydrophilic extracellular matrix containing a network of collagen fibers, glycoproteins, and proteoglycans maintained by a cellular component. The menisci are responsible for more than 50% of load transmission across the knee and increase joint congruity thereby also aiding in fluid film lubrication of the joint. In the United Kingdom, meniscal tears are the most common form of intra-articular knee injury and one of the commonest indications for orthopedic intervention...
April 2017: Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344915/from-the-evaluation-of-existing-solutions-to-an-all-inclusive-package-for-biobanks
#5
Heimo Müller, Nicolas Malservet, Philip Quinlan, Robert Reihs, Matthieu Penicaud, Antoine Chami, Kurt Zatloukal, George Dagher
The domain of biobanking has gone through many stages and as a result there are a wide range of commercial and open source software solutions available. The utilization of these software tools requires different levels of domain and technical skills for installation, configuration and ultimate us of these biobank software tools. To compound this complexity the biobanking community are required to work together in order to share knowledge and jointly build solutions to underpin the research infrastructure. We have evaluated the available tools, described them in a catalogue (BiobankApps) and made a selection of tools available to biobanks in a reference toolbox (BIBBOX) that are use-case driven...
2017: Health and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343844/inflammatory-and-autoimmune-manifestations-in-x-linked-carriers-of-chronic-granulomatous-disease-in-the-united-kingdom
#6
Alexandra C Battersby, Helen Braggins, Mark S Pearce, Catherine M Cale, Siobhan O Burns, Scott Hackett, Stephen Hughes, Dawn Barge, David Goldblatt, Andrew R Gennery
It has been recognized that X-linked carriers may have skin.
March 23, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343028/epidemiology-of-penetrating-injuries-in-the-united-kingdom-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
G Whittaker, J Norton, J Densley, D Bew
INTRODUCTION: Penetrating injuries account for a significant number of deaths in the United Kingdom (UK) annually. Numerous articles have examined the epidemiology of penetrating trauma in various areas of the UK. This article aimed to systematically review the current literature and evaluate the incidence and mortality of penetrating injury according to region in the UK. METHODS: A systematic literature search was performed using MEDLINE(®) (1946 to June 2016), EMBASE(®) (1974 to June 2016), and PsycINFO(®) (1806 to June 2016) databases...
March 22, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342827/foreign-citizen-mortality-in-iceland-january-2006-december-2016
#8
S N Kunz, R Bingert
BACKGROUND: In recent years, tourism has become the number one account for foreign exchange income in Iceland, overtaking the fisheries industry and aluminium production. The rise of tourism has strongly affected Icelandic society in various sectors. With the increase of tourists visiting Iceland, the number of foreign citizens that died and were autopsied also rose. METHOD: Data were collected from the Department of Forensic Pathology at Landspitali University Hospital in Reykjavik for the period January 2006 - December 2016...
March 23, 2017: Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342563/type-2-diabetes-mellitus-treatment-patterns-across-europe-a-population-based-multi-database-study
#9
Jetty A Overbeek, Edith M Heintjes, Daniel Prieto-Alhambra, Patrick Blin, Régis Lassalle, Gillian C Hall, Francesco Lapi, Elisa Bianchini, Niklas Hammar, Irene D Bezemer, Ron M C Herings
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine the similarities and differences of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) treatment patterns in daily practice in 5 European countries and whether these reflect differences in guidelines. METHODS: Prescriptions for drugs used in diabetes treatment during a 5-year study period were obtained from electronic databases. Patients initiating T2DM treatment during the study period were included. An SAS analysis tool was developed to create episodes of use of drug classes, which resulted in treatment patterns...
March 22, 2017: Clinical Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341056/temporal-changes-in-plasma-markers-of-oxidative-stress-following-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy-in-subjects-with-impaired-glucose-regulation
#10
Sarah L Prior, Jonathan D Barry, Scott Caplin, Thinzar Min, Danielle A Grant, Jeffrey W Stephens
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) is an effective treatment for obesity and associated metabolic complications. Obesity and type 2 diabetes are associated with increased oxidative stress. Previous studies have examined changes in plasma oxidative stress after laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, but there is limited evidence of the effects of LSG. OBJECTIVES: To examine the effects of LSG on plasma thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) and total antioxidant status (TAOS) at 1 and 6 months after LSG in patients with obesity and impaired glucose regulation...
February 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340553/promoting-independence-health-and-well-being-for-older-people-a-feasibility-study-of-computer-aided-health-and-social-risk-appraisal-system-in-primary-care
#11
Kate Walters, Kalpa Kharicha, Claire Goodman, Melanie Handley, Jill Manthorpe, Mima Cattan, Steve Morris, Caroline S Clarke, Jeff Round, Steve Iliffe
BACKGROUND: With population ageing, research is needed into new low-cost, scalable methods of effective promotion of health and wellbeing for older people. We aimed to assess feasibility, reach and costs of implementing a new tailored computer-aided health and social risk appraisal system in primary care. METHODS: Design: Feasibility study. SETTING: Five General Practices in London (Ealing) and Hertfordshire, United Kingdom (UK) Participants: Random sample of patients aged 65 + years...
March 24, 2017: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340468/the-prevalence-of-hiv-among-women-with-high-grade-cervical-smear-abnormalities-in-birmingham-united-kingdom-a-prospective-cohort-study
#12
Najum S Qureshi, K Manavi
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was twofold: 1. To assess the acceptance for HIV screening in women attending Colposcopy clinic 2. To determine the prevalence of HIV in women presenting with high-grade cervical smear abnormalities. DESIGN: A prospective study. SETTING: Colposcopy clinic, Birmingham Women's Hospital, UK. POPULATION: Patients attending colposcopy clinic. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: To determine acceptance of HIV testing and prevalence in colposcopy patients with High-grade cervical smear abnormalities...
March 18, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340101/dietary-assessment-in-minority-ethnic-groups-a-systematic-review-of-instruments-for-portion-size-estimation-in-the-united-kingdom
#13
Eva Almiron-Roig, Amanda Aitken, Catherine Galloway, Basma Ellahi
Dietary assessment in minority ethnic groups is critical for surveillance programs and for implementing effective interventions. A major challenge is the accurate estimation of portion sizes for traditional foods and dishes. : The aim of this systematic review was to assess records published up to 2014 describing a portion-size estimation element (PSEE) applicable to the dietary assessment of UK-residing ethnic minorities. : Electronic databases, internet sites, and theses repositories were searched, generating 5683 titles, from which 57 eligible full-text records were reviewed...
March 14, 2017: Nutrition Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337765/quality-control-of-apheresis-platelets-a-multicentre-study-to-evaluate-factors-that-can-influence-ph-measurement
#14
M Germain, Y Grégoire, R R Vassallo, J P Acker, R Cardigan, D de Korte, D O Irving, S Bégué
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Blood operators routinely monitor the pH of apheresis platelets as a marker of the so-called storage lesion, which can result from manufacturing problems. It is also suspected that some donor characteristics can increase the risk of poor platelet storage. To explore this hypothesis, we analysed a large, multinational data set of quality control (QC) pH test results on apheresis platelets. MATERIALS AND METHODS: For the period between September 2011 and August 2014, seven blood operators in Canada, the USA, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom, France and Australia provided pH QC test results and donor characteristics on a total of 21,671 apheresis platelets...
March 23, 2017: Vox Sanguinis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337073/real-time-dna-sequencing-in-the-antarctic-dry-valleys-using-the-oxford-nanopore-sequencer
#15
Sarah S Johnson, Elena Zaikova, David S Goerlitz, Yu Bai, Scott W Tighe
The ability to sequence DNA outside of the laboratory setting has enabled novel research questions to be addressed in the field in diverse areas, ranging from environmental microbiology to viral epidemics. Here, we demonstrate the application of offline DNA sequencing of environmental samples using a hand-held nanopore sequencer in a remote field location: the McMurdo Dry Valleys, Antarctica. Sequencing was performed using a MK1B MinION sequencer from Oxford Nanopore Technologies (ONT; Oxford, United Kingdom) that was equipped with software to operate without internet connectivity...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Biomolecular Techniques: JBT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337012/preparedness-of-undergraduate-dental-students-in-the-united-kingdom-a-national-study
#16
K Ali, A Slade, E Kay, D Zahra, C Tredwin
Aims To evaluate the self-perceived preparedness of final year dental undergraduate students in the United Kingdom.Methods Dental undergraduate students in their final year were invited by email through the Dental Schools Council (DSC) to provide their responses to an online preparedness assessment scale. The data analysis was carried out using the RUMM2030 software which is specifically designed for Rasch analysis, a measurement model based on item response theory.Results Students felt adequately prepared to carry out simple clinical procedures and communication skills...
March 24, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336353/effectiveness-of-switching-smoking-cessation-medications-following-relapse
#17
Bryan W Heckman, K Michael Cummings, Karin A Kasza, Ron Borland, Jessica L Burris, Geoffrey T Fong, Ann McNeill, Matthew J Carpenter
INTRODUCTION: Nicotine dependence is a chronic disorder often characterized by multiple failed quit attempts (QAs). Yet, little is known about the sequence of methods used across multiple QAs or how this may impact future ability to abstain from smoking. This prospective cohort study examines the effectiveness of switching smoking-cessation medications (SCMs) across multiple QAs. METHODS: Adult smokers (aged ≥18 years) participating in International Tobacco Control surveys in the United Kingdom, U...
March 20, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336352/accessibility-and-affordability-of-supermarkets-associations-with-the-dash-diet
#18
Joreintje D Mackenbach, Thomas Burgoine, Jeroen Lakerveld, Nita G Forouhi, Simon J Griffin, Nicholas J Wareham, Pablo Monsivais
INTRODUCTION: It is unknown whether there is an interplay of affordability (economic accessibility) and proximity (geographic accessibility) of supermarkets in relation to having a Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH)-accordant diet. METHODS: Data (collected: 2005-2015, analyzed: 2016) were from the cross-sectional, population-based Fenland Study cohort: 9,274 adults aged 29-64 years, living in Cambridgeshire, United Kingdom. Dietary quality was evaluated using an index of DASH dietary accordance, based on recorded consumption of foods and beverages in a validated 130-item, semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire...
March 20, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336088/trends-in-adhd-medication-use-in-children-and-adolescents-in-five-western-countries-2005-2012
#19
Christian J Bachmann, Linda P Wijlaars, Luuk J Kalverdijk, Mehmet Burcu, Gerd Glaeske, Catharina C M Schuiling-Veninga, Falk Hoffmann, Lise Aagaard, Julie M Zito
Over the last two decades, the use of ADHD medication in US youth has markedly increased. However, less is known about ADHD medication use among European children and adolescents. A repeated cross-sectional design was applied to national or regional data extracts from Denmark, Germany, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom (UK) and the United States (US) for calendar years 2005/2006-2012. The prevalence of ADHD medication use was assessed, stratified by age and sex. Furthermore, the most commonly prescribed ADHD medications were assessed...
March 20, 2017: European Neuropsychopharmacology: the Journal of the European College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334475/the-influence-of-role-models-in-undergraduate-nurse-education
#20
Kirsten Jack, Claire Hamshire, Alison Chambers
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To explore the concept of role modelling in undergraduate nurse education and its effect on the personal and professional development of student nurses. BACKGROUND: Effective educative strategies are important for student nurses, who have to cope with learning in both clinical and university settings. Given the contemporary issues facing nurse education and practice in the United Kingdom (UK) it is timely and important to undertake pedagogical research into the concept of role modelling as an effective educative method...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
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