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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932555/mouthpiece-ventilation-and-complementary-techniques-in-patients-with-neuromuscular-disease-a-brief-clinical-review-and-update
#1
Tiago Pinto, Michelle Chatwin, Paolo Banfi, Joao Carlos Winck, Antonello Nicolini
Noninvasive ventilatory support (NVS) is sometimes reported as suboptimal in patients with neuromuscular disease (NMD). The reasons for this include inadequate ventilator settings and/or lack of interface tolerance. NVS has been used for many years in patients with NMD disorders as a viable alternative to continuous ventilatory support via a tracheostomy tube. The mouthpiece ventilation (MPV) is a ventilatory mode that is used as daytime ventilatory support in combination with other ventilatory modalities and interfaces for nocturnal NVS...
December 8, 2016: Chronic Respiratory Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931317/influence-of-rack-design-and-disease-prevalence-on-detection-of-rodent-pathogens-in-exhaust-debris-samples-from-individually-ventilated-caging-systems
#2
Beth A Bauer, Cynthia Besch-Williford, Robert S Livingston, Marcus J Crim, Lela K Riley, Matthew H Myles
Sampling of bedding debris within the exhaust systems of ventilated racks may be a mechanism for detecting murine pathogens in colony animals. This study examined the effectiveness of detecting pathogens by PCR analysis of exhaust debris samples collected from ventilated racks of 2 different rack designs, one with unfiltered air flow from within the cage to the air-exhaust pathway, and the other had a filter between the cage and the air-exhaust pathway. For 12 wk, racks were populated with either 1 or 5 cages of mice (3 mice per cage) infected with one of the following pathogens: mouse norovirus (MNV), mouse parvovirus (MPV), mouse hepatitis virus (MHV), Helicobacter spp...
November 2016: Journal of the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science: JAALAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926978/potential-blood-biomarkers-in-chronic-spontaneous-urticaria
#3
Pavel Kolkhir, Fiona Andre, Martin K Church, Marcus Maurer, Martin Metz
BACKGROUND: Chronic spontaneous urticaria (CSU) is a mast cell-driven disease that is defined as the recurrence of wheals, angioedema, or both for >6 weeks due to known or unknown causes. As of yet, disease diagnosis is purely clinical. Objective tools are needed to monitor the activity of CSU and the efficacy of treatment. Recently, several reports have suggested that blood parameters may be considered as potential disease-related biomarkers. OBJECTIVE: To review available literature on blood biomarkers for CSU diagnosis, activity monitoring, duration, patient subgroups allocation or response to treatment...
December 7, 2016: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926581/diagnostic-value-of-platelet-indices-and-bone-marrow-megakaryocytic-parameters-in-immune-thrombocytopenic-purpura
#4
Yue-Ting Tang, Ping He, Ya-Zhen Li, Huan-Zhu Chen, Xiao-Lan Chang, Qing-Dong Xie, Xiao-Yang Jiao
Platelet indices could mirror megakaryopoietic activity in immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP), but its specificity and sensitivity need to be studied. The diagnostic performance of platelet indices was analyzed by receiver-operating characteristic curves, and the probability of true positive (sensitivity) and true negative (specificity) in predicting ITP, myelodysplasia, or controls was determined. Mean platelet volume (MPV) was higher, whereas plateletcrit (PCT) was significantly lower in ITP than in myelodysplasia and controls...
December 6, 2016: Blood Coagulation & Fibrinolysis: An International Journal in Haemostasis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924965/the-effect-of-ezetimibe-monotheraphy-on-mean-platelet-volume-in-patients-with-hyperlipidaemia-a-retrospective-study-of-45-patients
#5
Yasar Sertbas, Meltem Sertbas, Ugur Ersoy, Bulent Bilir, Seracettin Gunaydin, Ali Ozdemir
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of ezetimibe on platelet functions as a drug which increases mevalonate levels. METHODS: This retrospective study was conducted in Istanbul, Turkey, and comprised record of normolipidaemic and hyperlipidaemic patients taken from the outpatient clinic from October 2004 to February 2015,. The results were taken from the baseline and third-month data of ezetimibe treatment. SPSS 22 was used for statistical analysis. RESULTS: Of the total, there were 50(53%) normolipidaemic patients and 45(47%) hyperlipidaemic ones...
December 2016: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920548/platelet-count-and-platelet-indices-in-women-with-preeclampsia
#6
Muneera A AlSheeha, Rafi S Alaboudi, Mohammad A Alghasham, Javed Iqbal, Ishag Adam
BACKGROUND: Although the exact pathophysiology of preeclampsia is not completely understood, the utility of different platelets indices can be utilized to predict preeclampsia. OBJECTIVE: To compare platelet indices, namely platelet count (PC), mean platelet volume (MPV), platelet distribution width (PDW), and PC to MPV ratio in women with preeclampsia compared with healthy controls. SETTING: Qassim Hospital, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. DESIGN: A case-control study...
2016: Vascular Health and Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914597/mean-platelet-volume-is-decreased-in-adults-with-active-lupus-disease
#7
Guillermo Delgado-García, Dionicio Ángel Galarza-Delgado, Iris Colunga-Pedraza, Omar David Borjas-Almaguer, Ilse Mandujano-Cruz, Daniel Benavides-Salgado, Rolando Jacob Martínez-Granados, Alexandro Atilano-Díaz
BACKGROUND: Only a few biomarkers are available for assessing disease activity in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Mean platelet volume (MPV) has been recently studied as an inflammatory biomarker. It is currently unclear whether MPV may also play a role as a biomarker of disease activity in adult patients with SLE. OBJECTIVE: We investigated the association between MPV and disease activity in adult patients with SLE. METHODS: In this retrospective study, we compared two groups of adult patients divided according to disease activity (36 per group)...
November 2016: Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907814/platelet-function-one-and-three-months-after-coronary-bypass-surgery-in-relation-to-once-or-twice-daily-dosing-of-acetylsalicylic-acid
#8
Torbjörn Ivert, Magnus Dalén, Charlotte Ander, Ragnhild Stålesen, Per Näsman, Marie Lordkipanidzé, Paul Hjemdahl
INTRODUCTION: Current guidelines recommend acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) treatment after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) to reduce thrombotic vein graft occlusion. The optimal dosage of ASA is not known. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-two patients undergoing elective CABG were randomized to receive either ASA 75mg or 160mg once daily (OD) or 75mg twice daily (BID) after the operation. Platelet function testing was performed before, and one and three months after the operation...
November 21, 2016: Thrombosis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907042/role-of-platelet-parameters-on-neovascular-glaucoma-a-retrospective-case-control-study-in-china
#9
Shengjie Li, Wenjun Cao, Xinghuai Sun
PURPOSE: Retinal vein occlusion (RVO) and diabetic retinopathy (DR) are two major sight-threatening diseases which may lead to neovascular glaucoma (NVG). The aim of this study was to explore the association between platelet parameters and NVG. METHODS: A total of 185 subjects were enrolled for the study from January, 2012 to December, 2015 at the Eye-ENT Hospital of Fudan University. Patients include those with NVG secondary to RVO (RVO group, n = 38), patients with NVG secondary to DR (DR group, n = 47), diabetics mellitus without retinopathy (DM group, n = 52), and healthy individuals (control group, n = 48)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897313/the-impact-of-fist-clenching-and-its-maintenance-during-venipuncture-on-routine-hematology-testing
#10
Gabriel Lima-Oliveira, Gian Cesare Guidi, Gian Luca Salvagno, Giuseppe Lippi
BACKGROUND: Prevention of a disturbance of the blood vessel allows phlebotomists to collect a blood specimen by venipuncture that will truly mirror the patient condition. This study was aimed to evaluate the impact of repeated fist clenching and maintenance of the fist during blood collection by venipuncture for routine hematology testing. METHODS: Blood were collected from 16 healthy volunteers with two separate sequential procedures, entailing standard venipuncture with hand opened throughout blood collection, or clenching the fist six times before venipuncture and maintaining the fist until completion of blood collection...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895254/can-eosinophil-count-platelet-count-and-mean-platelet-volume-be-a-positive-predictive-factor-in-penile-arteriogenic-erectile-dysfunction-etiopathogenesis
#11
Mehmet Giray Sönmez, Yunus Emre Göğer, Leyla Öztürk Sönmez, Arif Aydın, Mehmet Balasar, Cengiz Kara
Blood count parameters of patients referring with erectile dysfunction (ED) were examined in this study and it was investigated whether eosinophil count (EC), platelet count (PC), and mean platelet volume values among the suspected predictive parameters which may play a role in especially penile arteriogenic ED etiopathogenesis had a contribution on pathogenesis. Patients referring with ED complaint were evaluated. Depending on the medical story, ED degree was determined by measuring International Index of Erectile Function...
November 28, 2016: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893555/changes-at-mean-platelet-volume-and-platelet-distribution-width-levels-after-septoplasty-and-its-correlation-with-epworth-sleepness-scale
#12
Murat S Sahin, Deniz Kizilirmak
OBJECTIVE: Nasal septum deviation may affect cardiopulmonary system. Those effects can be determined via blood tests and Epworth sleepness scale (ESS). In this study, it was aimed to measure mean platelet volume (MPV) and platelet distribution width (PDW) in patients with nasal septum deviation and to assess changes at their levels after septoplasty. Furthermore, it was purposed to document the correlation between ESS score and MPV, PDW levels. METHODS: Eighty-one patients who underwent septoplasty and 50 healthy controls composed the study group...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892733/mean-platelet-volume-may-have-not-a-predictive-value-for-placental-invasion-anomalies
#13
Cengiz Beyan, Esin Beyan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 28, 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891368/is-the-mean-platelet-volume-a-predictive-marker-of-a-low-apgar-score-and-insulin-resistance-in-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-a-retrospective-case-control-study
#14
Levent Kebapcilar, Ayse Gul Kebapcilar, Tolgay Tuyan Ilhan, Suleyman Hilmi Ipekci, Suleyman Baldane, Aybike Pekin, Mustafa Kulaksizoglu, Cetin Celik
INTRODUCTION: Gestational diabetes is defined as various degrees of glucose intolerance diagnosed or detected for the first time during pregnancy and is the most common metabolic complication of pregnancy. Early diagnosis and adequate treatment are important to prevent complications. Pre-eclampsia, polyhydramnios, fetalmacrosomia, and operative delivery are some of the complications seen in pregnant women diagnosed with Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM). AIM: The present study was designed to determine whether there was an association between Mean Platelet Volume (MPV) in predicting poor fetal outcome, insulin resistance, neonatal Apgar scores and gestational age for women with GDM...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890565/three-generation-reproduction-toxicity-study-of-genetically-modified-rice-with-insect-resistant-genes
#15
Yichun Hu, Qin Zhuo, Zhaolong Gong, Jianhua Piao, Xiaoguang Yang
In the present work, we evaluated the three generation reproductive toxicity of the genetically modified rice with insectresistant cry1Ac and sck genes. 120 Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were divided into three groups which were fed with genetically modified rice diet (GM group), parental control rice diet (PR group) and AIN-93 control diet (both used as negative control) respectively. Bodyweight, food consumption, reproductive data, hematological parameters, serum chemistry, relative organ weights and histopathology for each generation were examined respectively...
November 24, 2016: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888750/medium-platelet-volume-as-a-noninvasive-predictor-of-chronic-total-occlusion-in-non-infarct-artery-in-patients-with-non-st-segment-elevation-myocardial-infarction-and-multivessel-coronary-artery-disease
#16
Mateusz Tajstra, Michał Hawranek, Piotr Desperak, Aneta Ciślak, Marek Gierlotka, Andrzej Lekston, Lech Poloński, Mariusz Gąsior
BACKGROUND: Chronic total occlusion (CTO) in a noninfarct-related artery (non-IRA) is an independent predictor of mortality in non-ST elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI). Mean platelet volume (MPV) is associated with cardiovascular events in NSTEMI. Little is known about the predictors of non-IRA-CTO in patients with NSTEMI. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between the presence of non-IRA-CTO with MPV level in patients with NSTEMI and multivessel coronary artery disease (MVCAD)...
November 14, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886446/mean-platelet-volume-as-a-marker-for-differentiating-disease-flare-from-infection-in-beh%C3%A3-et-s-disease
#17
Hee Jung Ryu, Mi Ryoung Seo, Hyo Jin Choi, Kwang-Pil Ko, Pil Whan Park, Han Joo Baek
AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate the association between mean platelet volume (MPV) and clinical manifestations, disease activity or infection in patients with Behçet's disease (BD). METHODS: In total, 193 patients diagnosed with BD according to the international criteria for BD were enrolled. Demographic data, clinical manifestations and laboratory results were collected by medical interviews and reviewing medical records. RESULTS: The female : male ratio was 2 : 1 and the age of symptom onset was 32...
November 25, 2016: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886414/chronic-ghrelin-treatment-reduced-photophobia-and-anxiety-like-behaviors-in-ntg-induced-migraine-role-of-pituitary-adenylate-cyclase-activating-polypeptide
#18
Fereshteh Farajdokht, Shirin Babri, Pouran Karimi, Mohammad Reza Alipour, Ramin Bughchechi, Gisou Mohaddes
Chronic migraine is a debilitating disorder that has a significant impact on patients and society. Nearly all migraineurs frequently reported light sensitivity during a headache attack. Pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP) plays an important role in the activation of trigeminal system and migraine pain. To identify the effect of chronic ghrelin treatment on endogenous PACAP and associated symptoms of migraine, an experimental chronic migraine model was induced by intermittent intraperitoneal (i...
November 25, 2016: European Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885913/platelet-index-levels-and-cardiovascular-mortality-in-incident-peritoneal-dialysis-patients-a-cohort-study
#19
Fenfen Peng, Zhijian Li, Chunyan Yi, Qunying Guo, Rui Yang, Haibo Long, Fengxian Huang, Xueqing Yu, Xiao Yang
Prior studies have shown that the levels of some platelet (PLT) indices were associated with mortality in patients undergoing hemodialysis. We aimed to investigate whether the changes in PLT indices associated with mortality in patients on peritoneal dialysis (PD). A single-center, retrospective observational cohort study was conducted in incident PD patients from 1 January 2006 to 31 December 2012, and followed up until 31 December 2014. Cox proportional hazard models were used to examine the relationships between the levels of PLT indices including PLT, plateletcrit (PCT), mean platelet volume (MPV), platelet distribution width (PDW), platelet large cell ratio (PLCR), and mortality...
November 25, 2016: Platelets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885891/wiskott-aldrich-syndrome-in-a-child-presenting-with-macrothrombocytopenia
#20
Jose Maria Bastida, Monica Del Rey, Nuria Revilla, Rocio Benito, Martin Perez-Andrés, Berta González, Susana Riesco, Kamila Janusz, Jose Padilla, Ana Hortal Benito-Sendin, David Bueno, Elena Blanco, Maria Hernández-Rivas, Vicente Vicente, Jose Rivera, Ramon González-Porras, Maria Luisa Lozano
Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome (WAS) is a rare X-linked recessive disease resulting from variants in the WAS gene, characterized by a triad of immunodeficiency, eczema, and thrombocytopenia. Despite the fact that WAS is traditionally differentiated from immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) by small size of WAS platelets, in practice, microthrombocytopenia may occasionally not be present, and in certain cases, WAS patients exhibit some parallelism to ITP patients. We characterized one patient presenting with the classic form of the disease but increased mean platelet volume...
November 25, 2016: Platelets
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