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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526631/mating-strategies-and-sexual-functioning-in-personality-disorders-a%C3%A2-comprehensive-review-of-literature
#1
REVIEW
Alberto Collazzoni, Giacomo Ciocca, Erika Limoncin, Carmela Marucci, Daniele Mollaioli, Stefania Di Sante, Giorgio Di Lorenzo, Cinzia Niolu, Alberto Siracusano, Mario Maggi, Giovanni Castellini, Alessandro Rossi, Emmanuele A Jannini
INTRODUCTION: Personality disorders impair several aspects of intrapsychic and interpersonal life. In particular, mating strategies and sexual functioning could manifest in different and/or dysfunctional ways in people with personality disorders. AIM: To describe, through a comprehensive review of the literature, the mating strategies and sexual functioning in patients with personality disorders. METHODS: We listed and discussed the principal studies on the relation between mating strategies and sexual functioning in personality disorders...
May 16, 2017: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509622/attachment-insecurity-as-a-mediator-of-the-relationship-between-childhood-trauma-and-adult-dissociation
#2
Seong Sook Kong, Dae Ryong Kang, Min Jung Oh, Nam Hee Kim
This study aimed to investigate whether attachment insecurity mediates the relationship between childhood trauma and adult dissociation, specifically in regards to individual forms of childhood maltreatment. Psychiatric outpatients who visited a specialized trauma clinic (n = 115) participated in the study. Data were collected via the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire, Revised Adult Attachment Scale, and Dissociative Experience Scale. Structural equation modeling and path analysis were performed to analyze the mediating effects of attachment insecurity on the relationship between childhood trauma and adult dissociation...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500924/caregiver-parenting-and-gender-attitudes-associations-with-violence-against-adolescent-girls-in-south-kivu-democratic-republic-of-congo
#3
Kathryn L Falb, Khudejha Asghar, Betsy Laird, Sophie Tanner, Elizabeth Graybill, Pamela Mallinga, Lindsay Stark
Violence against adolescent girls occurs at alarmingly high rates in conflict-affected settings, in part due to their increased vulnerability from their age and gender. However, humanitarian programming efforts have historically focused either on child abuse prevention or intimate partner violence prevention and have not fully addressed the specific needs of adolescent girls, including engagement of caregivers to reduce risk of violence against adolescent girls. Thus, the objectives of this analysis are to examine the whether gendered and parental attitudes of caregivers in South Kivu, Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) were associated with their adolescent girls' experiences of violence and girls' attitudes towards IPV...
May 10, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499409/in-your-face-the-biased-judgement-of-fear-anger-expressions-in-violent-offenders
#4
Martin Wegrzyn, Sina Westphal, Johanna Kissler
BACKGROUND: Why is it that certain violent criminals repeatedly find themselves engaged in brawls? Many inmates report having felt provoked or threatened by their victims, which might be due to a tendency to ascribe malicious intentions when faced with ambiguous social signals, termed hostile attribution bias. METHODS: The present study presented morphed fear-anger faces to prison inmates with a history of violent crimes, a history of child sexual abuse, and to matched controls form the general population...
May 12, 2017: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492165/-the-contribution-of-legal-medicine-in-child-protection-presentation-of-a-multidisciplinary-approach
#5
J Hiquet, E Christin, O Dubourg, J Fougas, C Baup, G Brunet, J Millington, N Grosleron, S Gromb-Monnoyeur
INTRODUCTION: Maltreatment is a complex issue and therefore, requires a multidisciplinary approach, which has been commonly used in North America since the 1980s but remains unsystematic in France. Since 1999, the Centre d'Accueil en Urgence des Victimes d'Agression (emergency unit for victims of assault) of the Bordeaux University Hospital has brought together various medical, paramedical, and social actors on this issue. A standardized psychosocial assessment procedure has been introduced and is detailed in this paper, and was consistently conducted in all cases of suspicion of abuse on a minor...
December 2016: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485492/physical-abuse-of-elderly-adults-victim-characteristics-and-determinants-of-revictimization
#6
Lee S Friedman, Susan Avila, Tazeen Rizvi, Renee Partida, Daniel Friedman
OBJECTIVES: To describe victim characteristics and determinants of recurrent physical abuse of elderly. DESIGN: Multicenter retrospective analysis of multiple data systems to study victims of elder mistreatment in the greater Chicago metropolitan area. SETTING: Five teaching hospitals with Level 1 trauma centers. PARTICIPANTS: Individuals aged 60 and older treated for physical and sexual abuse between 2000 and 2011. MEASUREMENTS: History of revictimization was based on hospital admission histories, Adult Protective Services records, and self-report...
May 9, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482251/an-initial-exploration-of-prostitution-of-boys-in-the-west-african-region
#7
Charles Hounmenou
There is limited research on child prostitution in Sub-Saharan Africa, particularly as it relates to boys. An international research study on child prostitution was conducted in Benin, Burkina Faso, and Niger. A descriptive, cross-sectional research design with a survey method was used to collect data. Convenience sampling was used to recruit the participants. A total of 709 children in prostitution participated in the study, including 261 girls in Benin, 243 girls in Burkina Faso, and 192 girls and 13 boys in Niger...
May 5, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481563/mother-child-interactions-at-six-months-postpartum-are-not-predicted-by-maternal-histories-of-abuse-and-neglect-or-maltreatment-type
#8
Minden B Sexton, Margaret T Davis, Rena Menke, Greer A Raggio, Maria Muzik
OBJECTIVE: A history of childhood maltreatment (CM) is associated with increased rates of maternal psychiatric symptoms and other adverse outcomes in adulthood among postpartum women. However, to date only a few studies have examined associations between CM and mother-child interactions among a nonclinical sample of postpartum women, and the specific potential influence of the type of abuse or neglect is poorly understood. This study was an aim to examine the relationships between CM types and observed parenting in a nonclinical group of recently postpartum mothers with maltreatment histories...
May 8, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471341/psychometrics-of-a-child-report-measure-of-maternal-support-following-disclosure-of-sexual-abuse
#9
Daniel W Smith, Genelle K Sawyer, Nicholas C Heck, Kristyn Zajac, David Solomon, Shannon Self-Brown, Carla K Danielson, M Elizabeth Ralston
The study examined a new child report measure of maternal support following child sexual abuse. One hundred and forty-six mother-child dyads presenting for a forensic evaluation completed assessments including standardized measures of adjustment. Child participants also responded to 32 items considered for inclusion in a new measure, the Maternal Support Questionnaire-Child Report (MSQ-CR). Exploratory factor analysis of the Maternal Support Questionnaire-Child Report resulted in a three factor, 20-item solution: Emotional Support (9 items), Skeptical Preoccupation (5 items), and Protection/Retaliation (6 items)...
April 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471339/child-and-adolescent-sexual-abuse-in-women-seeking-help-for-sexual-and-reproductive-mental-health-problems-prevalence-characteristics-and-disclosure
#10
Sílvia López, Concepció Faro, Lourdes Lopetegui, Enriqueta Pujol-Ribera, Mònica Monteagudo, Àngels Avecilla-Palau, Cristina Martínez, Jesús Cobo, María-Isabel Fernández
This is a multicentric, descriptive, cross-sectional study of child and adolescent sexual abuse in women over 18 years in 24 primary care sexual and reproductive health centers in Catalonia. A total of 1,013 women were recruited; 345 (37.6%, 95% CI: 34.6-40.9) reported exposure to child sexual abuse: 32.4% disclosed being touched in a sexual way, and 9.6% reported completed sexual intercourse. Abuse occured before the age of 13 in 63.4% of respondents. The perpetrator was a relative or an acquaintance in almost 80% of cases...
April 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471338/the-effect-of-case-severity-on-sentence-length-in-cases-of-child-sexual-assault-in-canada
#11
Patricia I Coburn, Kristin Chong, Deborah A Connolly
Surprisingly, little research exists on the determination of sentence length in cases of child sexual assault. This is striking given the profound short-term and long-term consequences this crime can have on victims and their families. Previous research shows that severity of the offense commonly accounts for much of the variability in sentences in this context. A critical point, however, is that the definition of offense severity varies widely and is often confounded with the age of the complainant. The current archival study, through the examination of 1,783 judicial sentencing decisions, evaluated the effects of key variables on length of sentence in cases of child sexual assault in Canada...
April 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471337/childhood-maltreatment-and-child-protective-services-involvement-among-the-commercially-sexually-exploited-a-comparison-of-women-who-enter-as-juveniles-or-as-adults
#12
Andrea N Cimino, Elissa E Madden, Kris Hohn, Courtney M Cronley, Jaya B Davis, Karen Magruder, M Alexis Kennedy
A risk for commercial sexual exploitation is childhood maltreatment. It's unknown whether juveniles in commercial sexual exploitation experience more childhood maltreatment than adults or how involved child protective services is in investigating maltreatment, a focus of this study. Women (N = 96) who sold sex commercially completed a cross-sectional questionnaire. Descriptive statistics, t tests, chi-squares, and odds ratios were used to examine differences in background, childhood maltreatment, and child protective services involvement by juvenile or adult entry...
April 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471335/do-participants-detect-sexual-abuse-depicted-in-a-drawing-investigating-the-impact-of-betrayal-trauma-exposure-on-state-dissociation-and-betrayal-awareness
#13
Robyn L Gobin, Jennifer Freyd
An inability to identify betrayal may increase risk for victimization. Harm perpetrated by close others early in life may impair the ability to identify betrayal and develop trust. Dissociation may facilitate impaired betrayal awareness. The present study examined the impact of high betrayal trauma on state dissociation and betrayal awareness in a college sample (N = 216). Self-report measures were used to assess trauma history and state dissociation. Awareness for betrayal was measured using a drawing depicting an ambiguous interpersonal interaction between an adult and a child...
April 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467103/pathways-linking-childhood-maltreatment-and-adolescent-sexual-risk-behaviors-the-role-of-attachment-security
#14
Marie-Eve Thibodeau, Francine Lavoie, Martine Hébert, Martin Blais
Previous research has shown an association between child maltreatment (sexual abuse, physical abuse, neglect, or witnessing interparental violence) and adolescent sexual risk behaviors (SRBs). The mechanisms explaining this association are not well understood, but attachment theory could provide further insight into them. This study examined the relationships between child maltreatment and SRBs and investigated anxious and avoidant attachment as mediators. The sample comprised 1,900 sexually active adolescents (13 to 17 years old; 60...
May 3, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467102/interpersonal-violence-early-life-adversity-and-suicidal-behavior-in-hypersexual-men
#15
Andreas Chatzittofis, Josephine Savard, Stefan Arver, Katarina Görts Öberg, Jonas Hallberg, Peter Nordström, Jussi Jokinen
Background and aims There are significant gaps in knowledge regarding the role of childhood adversity, interpersonal violence, and suicidal behavior in hypersexual disorder (HD). The aim of this study was to investigate interpersonal violence in hypersexual men compared with healthy volunteers and the experience of violence in relation to suicidal behavior. Methods This case-control study includes 67 male patients with HD and 40 healthy male volunteers. The Childhood Trauma Questionnaire - Short Form (CTQ-SF) and the Karolinska Interpersonal Violence Scale (KIVS) were used for assessing early life adversity and interpersonal violence in childhood and in adult life...
May 3, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460367/a-retrospective-study-with-icast-r-ispcan-child-abuse-screening-tools-retrospective-questionnaire-for-determination-of-child-abuse-in-first-year-medical-students-in-turkish-population
#16
Erdem Simsek, Sevay Alsen Guney, Serpil Ugur Baysal
Child Abuse and Neglect (CAN) is an important problem both in Turkey and worldwide. Unfortunately, we still don't have enough and reliable data on this important subject. In this study, we aimed to investigate the prevalence of childhood maltreatment in a population of first year medical students in a Turkish university using the retrospective version of the ISPCAN Child Abuse Screening Tool (ICAST-R). One hundred seventy three first year medical students, aged between 18 and 24 years, who agreed to complete the ICAST-R questionnaire, were recruited in our study...
April 28, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458262/the-relationship-between-hiv-maternal-childhood-sexual-abuse-survival-and-parental-sexual-communication-among-african-american-women-18-24
#17
Sarita K Davis
This commentary outlines the incidence of HIV among African American women 18-24. The relationship between childhood sexual abuse (CSA), poor maternal-child sexual health communication, and HIV is also explored. Recommendations for further and HIV prevention education are examined for this understudied area.
2017: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457948/analysis-of-contextual-variables-in-the-evaluation-of-child-abuse-in-the-pediatric-emergency-setting
#18
Ana Nunes de Almeida, Vasco Ramos, Helena Nunes de Almeida, Carlos Gil Escobar, Catarina Garcia
OBJECTIVE: This article comprises a sample of abuse modalities observed in a pediatric emergency room of a public hospital in the Lisbon metropolitan area and a multifactorial characterization of physical and sexual violence. The objectives are: (1) to discuss the importance of social and family variables in the configuration of both types of violence; (2) to show how physical and sexual violence have subtypes and internal diversity. METHODS: A statistical analysis was carried out in a database (1063 records of child abuse between 2004 and 2013)...
April 27, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456066/dissociation-mediates-the-relationship-between-sexual-abuse-and-child-psychological-difficulties
#19
Karin Ensink, Nicolas Berthelot, Michaël Bégin, Julie Maheux, Lina Normandin
The aim of the present study was to evaluate, using structural equation modeling, a theoretical model in which dissociation is a core process mediating the relationship between childhood sexual abuse (CSA) and internalizing, externalizing, and sexualized behaviour difficulties in children. A total of 290 children aged 2-12 participated in this study in Québec, Canada from 1998 to 2004, including 138 children with histories of CSA and 152 non-abused children. To assess child dissociative symptoms, internalizing and externalizing difficulties, as well as sexualized behaviour difficulties, the Child Dissociative Checklist, the Child Behaviour Checklist and the Child Sexualized Behaviour Inventory were completed by parents...
April 26, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453199/sexual-risk-taking-among-recently-emancipated-female-foster-youth-sexual-trauma-and-failed-family-reunification-experiences
#20
Ana Gonzalez-Blanks, Tuppett M Yates
Foster youth evidence shows elevated rates of risk behaviors, including sexual risk-taking (e.g., unprotected sex). Some studies have identified child maltreatment, particularly sexual abuse, as a risk for later sexual risk-taking, but none have examined how child welfare placement experiences relate to youth's sexual risk-taking. This study investigated relations among child maltreatment, child welfare placements, and sexual risk-taking among 114 recently emancipated female foster youth. Sexual abuse and failed reunifications with parents were associated with greater sexual risk-taking...
December 2016: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
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