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voluntary blood donation

Paul E George, Julio Vidal, Patricia J Garcia
BACKGROUND: Peru experienced a crisis in its blood collection and supply system in the mid-2000s, as contaminated blood led to several transfusion-transmitted infections (TTI), occurring in the backdrop of extremely low voluntary donation rates and a national blood supply shortage. Thus, the Peruvian Ministry of Health (MINSA) implemented a national investigation on the safety and quality of the Peruvian blood collection/transfusion network. METHODS: Every Peruvian blood bank was evaluated by MINSA from 2007-2008...
May 2016: J Epidemiol Public Health Rev
S Khurram, M Borhany, N Anwar, I Naseer, S Boota, I Mirza, M Nadeem, T Shamsi
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to determine the frequency and reasons for donor deferral prior to the blood donation process in our population. BACKGROUND: Transfusion is an irreversible event that carries potential risks as well as benefits to the recipient. Therefore, donor selection prior to blood donation is one of the most important steps in ensuring the safety of blood and blood products. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out at the blood bank department in our hospital from January 2012 to December 2014...
October 12, 2016: Transfusion Medicine
Patrick Adu, David Larbi Simpong, Godfred Takyi, Richard K D Ephraim
Background. Blood transfusion is a therapeutic procedure usually undertaken in patients with severe anaemia. In Ghana, severe anaemia is mostly due to malaria caused by severe Plasmodium falciparum infection, road traffic accidents, and haemoglobinopathy-induced acute haemolysis. Method. This cross-sectional study evaluated coinheritance of sickle cell haemoglobin variant and G6PD enzymopathy among individuals that donated blood at the Holy Trinity Hospital, Berekum, in the Brong-Ahafo Region, Ghana. Demographic data and other pertinent information were captured using questionnaire...
2016: Advances in Hematology
Veronica Hoad, Peter Bentley, Barbara Bell, Praveen Pathak, Hiu Tat Chan, Anthony Keller
BACKGROUND: It has been suggested that blood donors with hereditary hemochromatosis may pose an increased infectious disease risk and adversely affect recipient outcomes. This study compares the infectious disease risk of whole blood (WB) donors enrolled as therapeutic (T) donors to voluntary WB donors to evaluate the safety of blood products provided by the T donors. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study of all WB donations at the Australian Red Cross Blood Service who donated between January 1, 2011, and December 31, 2013, comparing a yearly mean of 11,789 T donors with 107,773 total donations and a yearly mean of 468,889 voluntary WB donors with 2,584,705 total donations...
September 23, 2016: Transfusion
A E Atherley, C G Taylor, A Whittington, C Jonker
OBJECTIVE: To obtain information to devise strategies for a voluntary blood donor mobilisation campaign in Barbados. BACKGROUND: The World Health Organisation (WHO) recommends that 100% blood should be collected from voluntary non-remunerated donors (VNRD), yet the majority of blood donations (75%) in Barbados are family/replacement donations. Increasing VNRD is paramount to achieving a safe, reliable blood supply, and understanding the population is a strategy suggested by the WHO to inform donor recruitment and education...
September 16, 2016: Transfusion Medicine
Nitin Agarwal, Prashant Pandey, Praveen Kumar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Journal of Family & Community Medicine
Yenework Acham Jemberu, Ahmed Esmael, Kedir Y Ahmed
BACKGROUND: Although the demand for blood supply has progressively increased in developing countries, evidences indicate that there is a major shortage of blood and blood products in these countries, particularly in Ethiopia. Thus, identifying motivational factors affecting blood donation and recruitment of safe and low risk donors is necessary. For this reason, the study aimed at assessing knowledge, attitude, and practice towards blood donation and its associated factors. METHODS: A community based cross-sectional study was conducted in Debre Markos town from February to April, 2015...
2016: BMC Hematology
Jodie Dionne-Odom, Rahel Mbah, Nicole J Rembert, Samuel Tancho, Gregory E Halle-Ekane, Comfort Enah, Thomas K Welty, Pius M Tih, Alan T N Tita
Objectives. We estimated seroprevalence and correlates of selected infections in pregnant women and blood donors in a resource-limited setting. Methods. We performed a cross-sectional analysis of laboratory seroprevalence data from pregnant women and voluntary blood donors from facilities in Cameroon in 2014. Rapid tests were performed to detect hepatitis B surface antigen, syphilis treponemal antibodies, and HIV-1/2 antibodies. Blood donations were also tested for hepatitis C and malaria. Results. The seroprevalence rates and ranges among 7069 pregnant women were hepatitis B 4...
2016: Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Parmod Kumar Goyal, Monika Gupta, Jaswinder Kaur
INTRODUCTION: Embalmed cadavers are the primary tool for teaching anatomy. However, difficulties are encountered due to changed color/texture of organs, hardening of tissues, and smell of formaldehyde. To overcome these difficulties, dissections on a fresh human body were shown to the 1(st) year MBBS students, and their perception was noted. MATERIALS AND METHODS: After taking universal precautionary measures, postmortem dissections were shown to students on voluntary donated bodies in the dissection hall, in addition to the traditional teaching on embalmed cadavers...
July 2016: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
Ya Wang, Yanyun Wu, Yongjun Chen, Changqing Li, Li Lu, James P AuBuchon, Zhong Liu
BACKGROUND: The objective was to analyze and evaluate the effects of strategic measures the Chinese government attempted and undertook throughout the fast-changing and difficult transition periods of the blood service system. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: We systematically reviewed data and information regarding policy, blood collection, service system, and clinical transfusion practice, which were the most representative indicators on a national level from 1978 to 2015...
August 23, 2016: Transfusion
Aslı Korur, Ilknur Kozanoglu, Nurhilal Buyukkurt, Mahmut Yeral, Fatih Kandemir, Cigdem Gereklioglu, Cagla Sariturk, Suheyl Asma, Soner Solmaz, Can Boga, Hakan Ozdogu
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Today, voluntary donation of peripheral blood stem cells by healthy donors for allogeneic hemopoietic cell transplantation is common worldwide. Such donations are associated with small but measurable risks of morbidity and mortality. Most complications are associated with citrate infusion during cell collection. We studied the effects of citrate infusion on the QTc and other vital parameters during and after peripheral stem cell apheresis in volunteers. METHOD: To ensure that donors were healthy, screening included taking a detailed medical history, physical examination, and laboratory measurements of plasma calcium and magnesium...
August 20, 2016: Journal of Clinical Apheresis
Jing Wang, Chun Zhou, Ni-Zhen Jiang
OBJECTIVE: To understand the epidemiological characteristics of syphilis infection in blood donors of Chinese Nanjing area, to strengthen control of blood quality and to provide the scientific evidence for working out the strategy of prevention and treatment of syphilis infection. METHODS: Firstly the double antigen sandwich ELISA was carried out according to its instructions, test results showing positive will be examed by double orifice second-round. RESULTS: A total of 362425 blood samples were collected from 2010 to 2014, among them 1277 positive samples were detected...
August 2016: Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue za Zhi
Mulugeta Melku, Betelihem Terefe, Fikir Asrie, Bamlaku Enawgaw, Tadele Melak, Yakob Gebregziabher Tsegay, Mohamedamin Areba, Elias Shiferaw
Background. Though World Health Organization recommends 100% voluntary blood donation, the percentage of blood collected from voluntary blood donors and the average annual blood collection rate are extremely low in Ethiopia. The role of adults is crucial to meet the demand of safe blood. Thus, this study aimed to assess knowledge, attitude, and practice of adult population towards blood donation in Gondar town, Northwest Ethiopia. Method. A community based cross-sectional study was conducted among 768 adults...
2016: Journal of Blood Transfusion
Kavita Yadav, Akanksha Singh, Ashok Kumar Jaryal, Poonam Coshic, Kabita Chatterjee, K K Deepak
Non-hypotensive hypovolemia, observed during mild haemorrhage or blood donation leads to reflex readjustment of the cardiac autonomic tone. In the present study, the cardiac autonomic tone was quantified using heart rate and blood pressure variability during and after non-hypotensive hypovolemia of blood donation. 86 voluntary healthy male blood donors were recruited for the study (age 35 ± 9 years; weight 78 ± 12 kg; height 174 ± 6 cms). Continuous lead II ECG and beat-to-beat blood pressure was recorded before, during and after blood donation followed by offline time and frequency domain analysis of HRV and BPV...
August 2, 2016: Journal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing
Ravi Chandrabhan Dara, Neelam Marwaha, Dheeraj Khetan, Gopal Kumar Patidar
Regular blood donation can lead to iron deficiency anaemia. Early recognition and reversal of excessive iron loss by iron supplementation may avoid symptomatic iron store depletion in blood donors. The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of iron supplementation in maintaining the iron stores of voluntary blood donors. A total of 200 regular volunteers who donated twice in previous year were randomly divided into two groups. Iron: oral iron supplementation tablets of elemental iron as ferrous fumarate...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Hematology & Blood Transfusion
O Garraud, B Danic, J-P Cartron, J Chiaroni, B Clavier, B Cuneo, M Guimelchain-Bonnet, M-A Hermitte, S Mackowiak, M Monsellier, S Moreau, K Papa, B Pelletier, R Pottier, R Praile, A Saillol, J-D Tissot, J-P Vernant, C Hervé
Voluntariness stands for one of the four pillars of ethics in blood donation; it is, however, more related to tradition than to legislation. Because it seems necessary to apply "marketing" techniques to blood collection in order to meet the needs in blood components, both in terms of quantity and quality, one wonders if this may be at the expense of this principle of voluntariness. This seminar-belonging actually to a series of seminars in Ethics in Transfusion Medicine-aimed at questioning the possible weakness of voluntariness in the field of blood donation...
September 2016: Transfusion Clinique et Biologique: Journal de la Société Française de Transfusion Sanguine
Su-Hee Beom, Eung Jo Kim, Miok Kim, Tai-Gyu Kim
BACKGROUND: The hematopoietic stem cell bank has been actively recruiting registrants since 1994. This study systematically reviews its operations and outcomes over the last 20 years. METHODS: Retrospective data on a total of 47,711 registrants were reviewed. Relevant data were processed using PASW Statistics for Windows, version 18.0. RESULTS: As of 2013, the Korean Network for Organ Sharing database contained 265,307 registrants. Of these, 49,037 (18%) registrants committed to hematopoietic cell donation from 1994 to 2013...
June 2016: Blood Research
Maria L Barjas-Castro, Rodrigo N Angerami, Mariana S Cunha, Akemi Suzuki, Juliana S Nogueira, Iray M Rocco, Adriana Y Maeda, Fernanda G S Vasami, Gizelda Katz, Ilka F S F Boin, Raquel S B Stucchi, Mariângela R Resende, Danillo L A Esposito, Renato P de Souza, Benedito A da Fonseca, Marcelo Addas-Carvalho
BACKGROUND: Zika virus (ZIKV) is an emerging arthropod-borne flavivirus transmitted by Aedes mosquitoes. Recent commentaries regarding ZIKV routes of transmission describe a potential transmission by transfusion. Herein, we report a probable case of transfusion-transmitted ZIKV infection through a platelet transfusion that was detected from postdonation information. CASE REPORT: A blood donor made a voluntary telephone report to the blood donor facility 3 days after donation and informed the facility of a febrile illness (fever, malaise, and headaches)...
July 2016: Transfusion
Rachel Finck, Alyssa Ziman, Matthew Hoffman, Michelle Phan-Tang, Shan Yuan
Background. To ensure an adequate supply of blood, collection centers must design campaigns that successfully recruit and maintain an active donor pool. Understanding factors that motivate and deter individuals from donating may help centers develop targeted recruitment campaigns. These factors among high school aged blood donors have not yet been fully investigated. Study Design and Methods. A voluntary, anonymous survey was administered to student donors at high school mobile blood drives. The survey instrument asked the students to rate several potential motivating factors in their importance in the decision to donate blood and several potential deterring factors in their future decision whether or not to donate blood again...
2016: Journal of Blood Transfusion
M M Hoque, S D Adnan, S Karim, M A Al-Mamun, M A Faruki, K Islam, S Nandy
Blood donation results in a substantial iron loss and subsequent mobilization from body stores. Chronic iron deficiency is a well-recognized complication of regular blood donation. The present study conducted to compare the level of serum ferritin, serum iron, total iron binding capacity (TIBC) and percentage transferrin saturation in different ABO and Rhesus type blood groups among the voluntary blood donors of Bangladesh. The present prospective study included 100 healthy voluntary donors attending at Department of Blood Transfusion, Dhaka Medical College, Dhaka between the periods of July 2013 to Jun 2014...
April 2016: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
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