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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441587/transfusion-transmitted-hepatitis-b-virus-hbv-infection-from-an-individual-donation-nucleic-acid-id-nat-non-reactive-donor
#1
N O'Flaherty, I Ushiro-Lumb, L Pomeroy, S Ijaz, F Boland, C De Gascun, J Fitzgerald, J O'Riordan
Lookback was initiated upon notification of an acute HBV infection in a repeat Irish donor, 108 days post-donation. The donation screened non-reactive by individual-donation nucleic acid testing (ID-NAT) using the Procleix Ultrio Elite multiplex assay and again when the archived sample was retested, but the discriminatory assay for HBV was reactive. The immunocompromised recipient of the implicated red cell component was tested 110 days post-transfusion, revealing a HBV DNA viral load of 470 IU/ml. Genotype C2 sequences identical across two regions of the HBV genome were found in samples from the donor and recipient...
February 14, 2018: Vox Sanguinis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439501/the-roles-of-mitochondrion-in-intergenomic-gene-transfer-in-plants-a-source-and-a-pool
#2
Nan Zhao, Yumei Wang, Jinping Hua
Intergenomic gene transfer (IGT) is continuous in the evolutionary history of plants. In this field, most studies concentrate on a few related species. Here, we look at IGT from a broader evolutionary perspective, using 24 plants. We discover many IGT events by assessing the data from nuclear, mitochondrial and chloroplast genomes. Thus, we summarize the two roles of the mitochondrion: a source and a pool. That is, the mitochondrion gives massive sequences and integrates nuclear transposons and chloroplast tRNA genes...
February 11, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436046/improving-photovoltaic-performance-of-a-fused-ring-azepinedione-copolymer-via-a-d-a-a-design
#3
Honghong Zhang, Ting Li, Zuo Xiao, Zhongli Lei, Liming Ding
Two conjugated copolymer donors, PTTABDT and PBTTABDT, based on a fused-ring azepinedione acceptor unit, 5-(2-octyldodecyl)-4H-thieno[2',3':4,5]thieno[3,2-c]thieno[2',3':4,5]thieno[2,3-e]azepine-4,6(5H)-dione (TTA), are prepared. PTTABDT possesses a conventional donor-acceptor (D-A) structure with one TTA in the repeat unit, while PBTTABDT has a D-A-A structure with two TTAs in the repeat unit. Compared with PTTABDT, PBTTABDT shows a deeper highest occupied molecular orbital (HOMO) level, a narrower bandgap, and a higher hole mobility, and exhibits better performance in bulk heterojunction solar cells...
February 13, 2018: Macromolecular Rapid Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434293/luminescence-resonance-energy-transfer-between-genetically-encoded-donor-and-acceptor-for-protein-protein-interaction-studies-in-the-molecular-chaperone-hsp70-hsp90-complexes
#4
Kaushik Bhattacharya, Lilia Bernasconi, Didier Picard
Complex patterns of protein-protein interactions (PPInts) are involved in almost all cellular processes. This has stimulated the development of a wide range of methods to characterize PPInts in detail. Methods with fluorescence resonance energy transfer can be technically challenging and suffer from several limitations, which could be overcome by switching to luminescence resonance energy transfer (LRET) with lanthanide ions such as Tb3+. With LRET, energy transfer between PPInt partners works over a larger distance and with less topological constraints; moreover, the long-lived luminescence of lanthanides allows one to bypass the short-lived background fluorescence...
February 12, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428910/a-review-of-crispr-based-genome-editing-survival-evolution-and-challenges
#5
Hafiz Ishfaq Ahmad, Muhammad Jamil Ahmad, Akhtar Rasool Asif, Muhammad Adnan, Muhammad Kashif Iqbal, Khalid Mehmood, Sayyed Aun Muhammad, Ali Akbar Bhuiyan, Abdelmotaleb Elokil, Xiaoyong Du, Changzhi Zhao, Xiangdong Liu, Shengsong Xie
Precise nucleic acid editing technologies have facilitated the research of cellular function and the development of novel therapeutics, especially the current programmable nucleases-based editing tools, such as the prokaryotic clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR)-associated nucleases (Cas). As CRISPR-based therapies are advancing toward human clinical trials, it is important to understand how natural genetic variation in the human population may affect the results of these trials and even patient safety...
February 11, 2018: Current Issues in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426501/electrodialytic-extraction-of-anionic-pharmaceutical-compounds-from-a-single-drop-of-whole-blood-using-a-supported-liquid-membrane
#6
Yurika Imoto, Hiroka Nishiyama, Yukihide Nakamura, Shin-Ichi Ohira, Kei Toda
A method to introduce target analytes to a chromatograph from a single drop of whole blood was investigated for minimally invasive monitoring of anionic pharmaceuticals. In this work, salicylate and loxoprofen were examined as organic anions. A micro ion extractor (MIE) has been developed for extraction of inorganic trace anions from whole blood, but this device is not suitable for extraction of pharmaceuticals. In the present study, we improved and optimized the MIE device for organic anion extraction. Various supported liquid membranes were evaluated for use as the ion transfer membrane, with each membrane placed between a droplet sample (donor) and an acceptor solution...
May 1, 2018: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423804/primary-airway-epithelial-cell-gene-editing-using-crispr-cas9
#7
Jamie L Everman, Cydney Rios, Max A Seibold
The adaptation of the clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR) and CRISPR associated endonuclease 9 (CRISPR-Cas9) machinery from prokaryotic organisms has resulted in a gene editing system that is highly versatile, easily constructed, and can be leveraged to generate human cells knocked out (KO) for a specific gene. While standard transfection techniques can be used for the introduction of CRISPR-Cas9 expression cassettes to many cell types, delivery by this method is not efficient in many primary cell types, including primary human airway epithelial cells (AECs)...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423214/use-of-gene-editing-technology-to-introduce-targeted-modifications-in-pigs
#8
REVIEW
Junghyun Ryu, Randall S Prather, Kiho Lee
Pigs are an important resource in agriculture and serve as a model for human diseases. Due to their physiological and anatomical similarities with humans, pigs can recapitulate symptoms of human diseases, making them a useful model in biomedicine. However, in the past pig models have not been widely used partially because of the difficulty in genetic modification. The lack of true embryonic stem cells in pigs forced researchers to utilize genetic modification in somatic cells and somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) to generate genetically engineered (GE) pigs carrying site-specific modifications...
2018: Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29421560/dual-non-viral-gene-delivery-from-microparticles-within-3d-high-density-stem-cell-constructs-for-enhanced-bone-tissue-engineering
#9
Alexandra McMillan, Minh Khanh Nguyen, Tomas Gonzalez-Fernandez, Peilin Ge, Xiaohua Yu, William L Murphy, Daniel J Kelly, Eben Alsberg
High-density mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) aggregates can be guided to form bone-like tissue via endochondral ossification in vitro when culture media is supplemented with proteins, such as growth factors (GFs), to first guide the formation of a cartilage template, followed by culture with hypertrophic factors. Recent reports have recapitulated these results through the controlled spatiotemporal delivery of chondrogenic transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) and chondrogenic and osteogenic bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2) from microparticles embedded within human MSC aggregates to avoid diffusion limitations and the lengthy, costly in vitro culture necessary with repeat exogenous supplementation...
January 3, 2018: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29408793/imaging-corneal-biomechanical-responses-to-ocular-pulse-using-high-frequency-ultrasound
#10
Elias Pavlatos, Hong Chen, Keyton Clayson, Xueliang Pan, Jun Liu
Imaging corneal biomechanical changes or abnormalities is important for better clinical diagnosis and treatment of corneal diseases. We propose a novel ultrasound-based method, called ocular pulse elastography (OPE), to image corneal deformation during the naturally occurring ocular pulse. Experiments on animal and human donor eyes, as well as synthetic radiofrequency (RF) data, were used to evaluate the efficacy of the OPE method. Using very high-frequency ultrasound (center frequency = 55 MHz), correlation-based speckle tracking yielded an accuracy of less than 10% error for axial tissue displacements of or above...
February 2018: IEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405795/oral-mucosa-grafting-in-periorbital-reconstruction
#11
Andre Grixti, Raman Malhotra
To provide an extensive literature review on the clinical indications of oral mucosa grafts (OMG) and minor salivary gland grafts (MSGG) in periorbital reconstruction together with safe practice graft harvesting techniques to minimize donor-site morbidity. A literature review was performed by searching the databases of PUBMED, EMBASE, and COCHRANE library using the keywords: minor salivary glands; oral mucosal graft; orbit; and eye. The bibliographies of the pertinent articles were examined for additional papers...
February 6, 2018: Orbit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398041/the-effect-of-prior-upper-abdominal-surgery-on-outcomes-after-liver-transplantation-for-hepatocellular-carcinoma-an-analysis-of-the-database-of-the-organ-procurement-transplant-network
#12
Jack P Silva, Nicholas G Berger, Ziyan Yin, Ying Liu, Susan Tsai, Kathleen K Christians, Callisia N Clarke, Harveshp Mogal, T Clark Gamblin
OBJECTIVES: Orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) is the preferred treatment for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in select patients. Many patients listed for OLT have a history of prior upper abdominal surgery (UAS). Repeat abdominal surgery increases operative complexity and may cause a greater incidence of complication. This study sought to compare outcomes after liver transplantation for patients with and without prior UAS. METHODS: Adult HCC patients undergoing OLT were identified using the database from the Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network (1987-2015)...
February 2, 2018: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397811/-detecting-hb-1-expression-level-in-bone-marrow-of-acute-leukemia-patients-by-real-time-fluorescence-quantitative-rt-pcr
#13
Qing-Yun Wang, Yuan Li, Li Ji, Ze-Yin Liang, Wei Liu, Han-Yun Ren, Zhi-Xiang Qiu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the expression level of HB-1 gene in patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and the significance of HB-1 gene in monitoring of minimal residual disease (MRD). METHODS: The method of real-time fluorescence quantitative RT-PCR (Taqman probe) was established to detect the expression levels of HB-1 gene; then the sensitivity, specificity and repeatability of this assay were evaluated and verified. The HB-1 gene expression levels in bone marrow of 183 cases of ALL, 70 cases of acute myeloid leukemias (AML), 52 cases of non-malignant hematologic diseases and 24 healthy hematopoietic stem cell donors were detected...
February 2018: Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397736/self-adaptive-switch-enabling-complete-charge-separation-in-molecular-based-opto-electronic-conversion
#14
Ziye Wu, Peng Cui, Guozhen Zhang, Yi Luo, Jun Jiang
Achieving high charge recombination probability has been the major challenge for the practical utilization of molecule-based solar harvesting. Molecular switches were introduced to stabilize the charge separation state in donor-acceptor systems, but it is difficult to seamlessly incorporate the ON/OFF switching actions into the opto-electronic conversion cycle. Here we present a self-adaptive system where the donor and acceptor are bridged by a switchable moiety that enables a complete charge separation repeatedly...
February 3, 2018: Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397036/antibody-mediated-rejection-in-pediatric-small-bowel-transplantation-capillaritis-is-a-major-determinant-of-c4d-positivity-in-intestinal-transplant-biopsies
#15
Marion Rabant, Maud Racapé, Laetitia-Marie Petit, Jean Luc Taupin, Olivier Aubert, Julie Bruneau, Patrick Barbet, Olivier Goulet, Christophe Chardot, Caroline Suberbielle, Florence Lacaille, Danielle Canioni, Jean-Paul Duong Van Huyen
The diagnostic criteria for antibody-mediated rejection (ABMR) after small bowel transplantation (SBT) are not clearly defined, although the presence of Donor Specific Antibodies (DSA) has been reported to be deleterious for graft survival. We aimed to determine the incidence and prognostic value of DSA and C4d in pediatric SBT and to identify the histopathological features associated with C4d positivity. We studied all intestinal biopsies (IBx) obtained in the first year post-transplantation (n=345) in a prospective cohort of 23 children...
February 3, 2018: American Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29393215/age-estimation-with-dna-from-forensic-dna-fingerprinting-to-forensic-epi-genomics-a-mini-review
#16
Walther Parson
Forensic genetics developed from protein-based techniques a quarter of a century ago and became famous as "DNA fingerprinting," this being based on restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLPs) of high-molecular-weight DNA. The amplification of much smaller short tandem repeat (STR) sequences using the polymerase chain reaction soon replaced RFLP analysis and advanced to become the gold standard in genetic identification. Meanwhile, STR multiplexes have been developed and made commercially available which simultaneously amplify up to 30 STR loci from as little as 15 cells or fewer...
January 23, 2018: Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29389317/semi-automated-set-up-for-exhaustive-micro-electromembrane-extractions-of-basic-drugs-from-biological-fluids
#17
Miloš Dvořák, Knut Fredrik Seip, Stig Pedersen-Bjergaard, Pavel Kubáň
Manual handling of microliter volumes of samples and reagents is usually prone to errors and may have direct consequence on the overall performance of microextraction process. Direct connection of a syringe pump and a disposable microextraction unit using flexible polymeric tubing was employed for semi-automated liquid handling in micro-electromembrane extraction (μ-EME). A three-phase μ-EME system was formed by consecutive withdrawal of microliter volumes of donor solution, free liquid membrane (FLM) and acceptor solution into the unit...
April 16, 2018: Analytica Chimica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29385880/the-effect-of-antioxidants-on-angiogenesis-in-uterine-transplantation
#18
Tugba Ugurlu, Candan Ozogul, Gulistan Sanem Saribas, Seren Gulsen Gurgen, Seda Nur Akyol, Bahar Kartal
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of antioxidants on angiogenesis in uterine transplantation. We used 24 female rats equally divided into four groups: Group 1 had the uterus stored in HTK (Histidine-Tryptophan-Ketoglutarate) solution at 4 °C cold storage for 4 h. Group 2 had the uterine tissue stored in HTK solution combined with acetyl L-carnitine (10-8 M) for 4 h at +4 °C. The same procedures with Group 1 and 2 were repeated for 24 h for Groups 3 and 4, respectively. Histological investigation and immunohistochemical analysis were performed...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29385126/analysis-of-bacterial-genomes-from-an-evolution-experiment-with-horizontal-gene-transfer-shows-that-recombination-can-sometimes-overwhelm-selection
#19
Rohan Maddamsetti, Richard E Lenski
Few experimental studies have examined the role that sexual recombination plays in bacterial evolution, including the effects of horizontal gene transfer on genome structure. To address this limitation, we analyzed genomes from an experiment in which Escherichia coli K-12 Hfr (high frequency recombination) donors were periodically introduced into 12 evolving populations of E. coli B and allowed to conjugate repeatedly over the course of 1000 generations. Previous analyses of the evolved strains from this experiment showed that recombination did not accelerate adaptation, despite increasing genetic variation relative to asexual controls...
January 31, 2018: PLoS Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29382335/role-of-neuronal-nitric-oxide-synthase-nnos-at-medulla-in-tachycardia-induced-by-repeated-administration-of-ethanol-in-conscious-rats
#20
Jiro Hasegawa Situmorang, Hsun-Hsun Lin, Hsuan Lo, Chih-Chia Lai
BACKGROUND: Intake of ethanol (alcohol) has been shown to influence cardiovascular function; the underlying brain mechanism remains unclear. Noting that nitric oxide (NO) system in the CNS is involved in the regulation of cardiovascular function, the present study examined the role of NO in medulla in ethanol-induced cardiovascular changes. METHODS: Ethanol was administered by oral gavage at dose of 3.2 g/kg once every day for 8 consecutive days. Changes in blood pressure (BP) and heart rate (HR) in response to ethanol were measured by radiotelemetry method in freely moving female Sprague-Dawley rats...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Biomedical Science
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