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Forensic psychiatry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225844/-diminished-culpability
#1
Luis Ohman, Adrián P Fantini
One of the central matters in forensic psychiatry is its culpability. Day after day we, the mental health professionals, are subpoenaed in different courts of our country to assess the mental state of a given individual in order to endorse a judge so that he can issue their view pertaining the culpability and the responsibility of accused subjects. Our current National Criminal Code, dating from 1921, in Art. 34 sub 1 holds for culpability a dichotomous model in which an individual is responsible and must be accountable for his behavior or not responsible and in such case must no be held accountable in criminal courts...
May 2016: Vertex: Revista Argentina de Psiquiatriá
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216771/filicide-in-the-united-states
#2
Phillip J Resnick
In the United States the Accreditation Council of Graduate Medical Education determines the curriculum required for fellows in forensic psychiatry to become board certified as a subspecialist. Areas that must be covered during the one year fellowship include criminal issues, such as insanity; civil issues, such as tort law and Workers' Compensation; legal regulation of psychiatry, such as confidentiality and involuntary hospitalization; and correctional psychiatry issues, such as dual agency and prisoner's rights...
December 2016: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216767/mental-health-and-the-law-an-overview-and-need-to-develop-and-strengthen-the-discipline-of-forensic-psychiatry-in-india
#3
REVIEW
Pratima Murthy, B C Malathesh, C Naveen Kumar, Suresh Bada Math
Human rights and mental health care of vulnerable population need supportive legislations and policies. Both "hard" and "soft" laws relevant to mental health care have been devised internationally and locally. Amendments in laws and the formulation of new laws are often required and have been seen to occur in the area of mental health care in India. So far, reform in mental health care has largely been reactive, but newer legislations and policies carry the hope of proactive reform. The lack of trained human resources is one of the biggest problems in effective mental health care delivery in India...
December 2016: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216766/forensic-psychiatry-in-india-past-present-and-future
#4
REVIEW
S Nambi, Siva Ilango, Lakshmi Prabha
Forensic psychiatry is a subspecialty of psychiatry, in which scientific and clinical expertise is applied to legal issues in legal contexts embracing civil, criminal, correctional, or legislative matters. Forensic psychiatry is still in an infant stage in India and other developing countries. Law is the sanctioning discipline, and Psychiatry is the therapeutic discipline. Due to various reasons, Forensic Psychiatry is reared as Cinderella in our country; "which is much neglected, ignored, misinterpreted, and misunderstood...
December 2016: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216763/forensic-psychiatry-deserves-attention
#5
EDITORIAL
T S Sathyanarayana Rao
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184313/juvenile-delinquency-welfare-justice-and-therapeutic-interventions-a-global-perspective
#6
REVIEW
Susan Young, Ben Greer, Richard Church
This review considers juvenile delinquency and justice from an international perspective. Youth crime is a growing concern. Many young offenders are also victims with complex needs, leading to a public health approach that requires a balance of welfare and justice models. However, around the world there are variable and inadequate legal frameworks and a lack of a specialist workforce. The UK and other high-income countries worldwide have established forensic child and adolescent psychiatry, a multifaceted discipline incorporating legal, psychiatric and developmental fields...
February 2017: BJPsych Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155085/a-guide-for-applying-to-forensic-psychiatry-fellowship
#7
Michael Kelly, John Hearn, Anne McBride, Whitney Daniels, Peter Ash
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130745/sex-attracts-neural-correlates-of-sexual-preference-under-cognitive-demand
#8
Kirsten Jordan, Katrin Wieser, Isabel Methfessel, Peter Fromberger, Peter Dechent, Jürgen L Müller
Neurofunctional correlates of sexual arousal are of interest in basic research as well as in clinical science. In forensic psychiatry, it is important to use designs which are potentially robust against susceptibility to manipulation or deception. We tested a new design to measure neurofunctional correlates of sexual preference. Twenty-two healthy heterosexual men had to solve a mental rotation task while sexually preferred or non-preferred distractors were presented simultaneously. With this challenging active task, subjects' possibility to manipulate their response to the sexual stimuli should be lower than in easier tasks and in passive designs...
January 27, 2017: Brain Imaging and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107727/neural-correlates-of-subliminally-presented-visual-sexual-stimuli
#9
Martina Wernicke, Corinna Hofter, Kirsten Jordan, Peter Fromberger, Peter Dechent, Jürgen L Müller
In the context of forensic psychiatry, it is crucial that diagnoses of deviant sexual interests are resistant to manipulation. In a first attempt to promote the development of such tools, the current fMRI study focusses on the examination of hemodynamic responses to preferred, in contrast to non-preferred, sexual stimuli with and without explicit sexual features in 24 healthy heterosexual subjects. The subliminal stimulus presentation of sexual stimuli could be a new approach to reduce vulnerability to manipulation...
January 17, 2017: Consciousness and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103871/a-descriptive-survey-study-of-violence-management-and-priorities-among-psychiatric-staff-in-mental-health-services-across-seventeen-european-countries
#10
Seamus Cowman, Anna Björkdahl, Eric Clarke, Georgina Gethin, Jim Maguire
BACKGROUND: In mental health services what is commonplace across international frontiers is that to prevent aggressive patients from harming themselves, other patients or staff, coercive measures and foremost, violence management strategies are required. There is no agreement, recommendations or direction from the EU on which measures of coercion should be practiced across EU countries, and there is no overall one best practice approach. METHODS: The project was conceived through an expert group, the European Violence in Psychiatry Research Group (EViPRG)...
January 19, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053132/varieties-of-voice-hearing-psychics-and-the-psychosis-continuum
#11
Albert R Powers, Megan S Kelley, Philip R Corlett
Hearing voices that are not present is a prominent symptom of serious mental illness. However, these experiences may be common in the non-help-seeking population, leading some to propose the existence of a continuum of psychosis from health to disease. Thus far, research on this continuum has focused on what is impaired in help-seeking groups. Here we focus on protective factors in non-help-seeking voice-hearers. We introduce a new study population: clairaudient psychics who receive daily auditory messages...
January 2017: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029436/psychiatric-psychological-forensic-report-writing
#12
Gerald Young
Approaches to forensic report writing in psychiatry, psychology, and related mental health disciplines have moved from an organization, content, and stylistic framework to considering ethical and other codes, evidentiary standards, and practice considerations. The first part of the article surveys different approaches to forensic report writing, including that of forensic mental health assessment and psychiatric ethics. The second part deals especially with psychological ethical approaches. The American Psychological Association's Ethical Principles and Code of Conduct (2002) provide one set of principles on which to base forensic report writing...
October 28, 2016: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003385/evidence-for-greater-forensic-education-of-all-psychiatry-residents
#13
Howard L Forman, David W Preven
Booth and his colleagues have made an important contribution to the emerging evidence base that shows education in forensic psychiatry topics can improve attitudes toward the field. Given the desinstitutionalization of those with severe mental illness from state psychiatric facilities and the incarceration of many individuals with severe mental illness in correctional facilities, the need to train many more psychiatrists with competence in correctional settings is clear. Simply training more forensic psychiatrists will not both meet the psychiatric needs of incarcerated patients and fulfill the essential roles forensic psychiatrists play in the justice system...
December 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003384/shaping-attitudes-of-psychiatry-residents-toward-forensic-patients
#14
Brad D Booth, Eric Mikhail, Susan Curry, J Paul Fedoroff
With increasing criminalization of the mentally ill, individuals with mental disorders more frequently come into contact with the legal system. Psychiatrists may find themselves evaluating these individuals in a forensic context or treating them. Unfortunately, resident trainees and psychiatrists may be uncomfortable with forensic matters and treating patients with medicolegal problems. To clarify the attitudes and experience of Canadian psychiatry trainees, attendees at a national psychiatry review course were polled...
December 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997287/acute-dissociative-reaction-to-spontaneous-delivery-in-a-case-of-total-denial-of-pregnancy-diagnostic-and-forensic-aspects
#15
Vedat Şar, Nazan Aydın, Onno van der Hart, A Steven Frankel, Meriç Şar, Oğuz Omay
This article presents the history of a 21-year-old female college student with total denial of pregnancy who experienced an acute dissociative reaction during the spontaneous delivery at home without medical assistance where the newborn died immediately. Psychiatric examination, self-report questionnaires, legal documents, and witness reports have been reviewed in evaluation of the case. Evidence pointed to total denial of pregnancy, that is, until delivery. The diagnoses of an acute dissociative reaction to stress (remitted) and a subsequent PTSD were established in a follow-up examination conducted 7 months after the delivery...
December 20, 2016: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976785/-the-importance-of-neuropsychological-assessment-for-forensic-psychiatric-evaluations-of-defendants
#16
S N T M Schouws, C Jonker, G Meynen
In criminal law, increased interest is being shown in brain disorders, cognitive impairment and neuroimaging, particularly in connection with pre-trial reports. In a number of cases the contribution made by neuropsychology to the forensic diagnosis is considerable, and there is a need for further clarification.<br/> AIM: To clarify the relevance of the neuropsychological assessment of suspects and to explore the implications for forensic psychiatry.<br/> METHOD: We discuss recent literature and present a characteristic case selected from the Dutch jurisdiction...
2016: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976782/-ethnic-differences-in-forensic-psychiatry-an-exploratory-study-at-a-dutch-forensic-psychiatric-centre
#17
T van der Stoep
Compared to the percentage of ethnic minorities in the general population, ethnic minorities are overrepresented in forensic psychiatry. If these minorities are to be treated successfully, we need to know more about this group. So far, however, little is known about the differences between mental disorders and types of offences associated with patients of non-Dutch descent and those associated with patients of Dutch descent.<br/> AIM: To take the first steps to obtain the information we need in order to provide customised care for patients of non-Dutch descent...
2016: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965330/approach-to-risk-identification-in-undifferentiated-mental-disorders
#18
REVIEW
José Silveira, Patricia Rockman, Casey Fulford, Jon Hunter
OBJECTIVE: To provide primary care physicians with a novel approach to risk identification and related clinical decision making in the management of undifferentiated mental disorders. SOURCES OF INFORMATION: We conducted a review of the literature in PubMed, CINAHL, PsycINFO, and Google Scholar using the search terms diagnostic uncertainty, diagnosis, risk identification, risk assessment/methods, risk, risk factors, risk management/methods, cognitive biases and psychiatry, decision making, mental disorders/diagnosis, clinical competence, evidence-based medicine, interviews as topic, psychiatry/education, psychiatry/methods, documentation/methods, forensic psychiatry/education, forensic psychiatry/methods, mental disorders/classification, mental disorders/psychology, violence/prevention and control, and violence/psychology...
December 2016: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837570/the-importance-of-the-patients-deemed-not-guilty-by-reason-of-insanity-for-the-psychiatric-reform
#19
EDITORIAL
Athanasios Douzenis
According to the Greek Penal Law if someone "because of a morbid disturbance of his mental functioning" (article 34) is acquitted of a crime or misdemeanour that the law punishes with more than 6 months imprisonment, then the court orders that this individual should be kept in a public psychiatric institution if the court reaches the conclusion that this person poses a threat to public safety.1 Individuals who have broken the law and deemed "not guilty by reason of insanity" are treated in psychiatric units of Psychiatric Hospitals according to the article 69 of the Penal Code...
July 2016: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830378/-the-diagnostic-relevance-of-cbcl-and-ysr-in-diagnosing-ptsd-in-adolescence
#20
Sabine Völkl-Kernstock, Katrin Skala, Sophie Klomfar, Oswald D Kothgassner
BACKGROUND: The present study sought to examine the symptomatology of children and adolescents with a history of trauma experience of using the German versions of Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) and Youth Self Report (YSR). We pursue the question to what extent symptoms differ among adolescents with and without posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). A further objective is comparing self-assessment of the children and adolescents with the rating of their parents or caregivers. METHODS: Overall N = 41 patients, aged 11-18 years, and one caregiver of each patient were surveyed...
December 2016: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
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