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Forensic psychiatry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143430/power-discourse-and-resistance-poststructuralist-influences-in-nursing
#1
Dave Holmes, Marilou Gagnon
Based on our respective research programs (psychiatry, forensic psychiatry, public health, HIV/AIDS, harm reduction) this article aims to use purposely non-conventional means to present the substantial contribution of poststructuralist perspectives to knowledge development in nursing science in general and in our current research in particular. More specifically, we call on the work of Michel Foucault and Deleuze & Guattari to politicize nursing science using examples from our empirical research programs with marginal and often highly marginalized populations...
November 15, 2017: Nursing Philosophy: An International Journal for Healthcare Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112030/nurses-views-highlight-a-need-for-the-systematic-development-of-patient-safety-culture-in-forensic-psychiatry-nursing
#2
Anssi Kuosmanen, Jari Tiihonen, Eila Repo-Tiihonen, Markku Eronen, Hannele Turunen
BACKGROUND: Although forensic nurses work with the most challenging psychiatric patients and manifest a safety culture in their interactions with patients, there have been few studies on patient safety culture in forensic psychiatric nursing. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this qualitative study was to describe nurses' views of patient safety culture in their working unit and daily hospital work in 2 forensic hospitals in Finland. METHODS: Data were collected over a period of 1 month by inviting nurses to answer an open-ended question in an anonymous Web-based questionnaire...
November 4, 2017: Journal of Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093938/forensic-psychiatric-service-provision-in-pakistan-and-its-challenges
#3
Tariq Hassan, Asad Tamizuddin Nizami, M Selim Asmer
In the Islamic Republic of Pakistan the law relating to people who are mentally ill, until 2001, was set out by the Lunacy Act of 1912, which was inherited from the British colonial occupiers. In 2001 the Mental Health Ordinance 2001 took its place but only for this federal law to be superseded in April 2010 with the 18th constitutional amendment. As part of that amendment, provinces have become responsible for (psychiatric) healthcare, including mental health legislation. Forensic psychiatry is practised in Pakistan but is very much in its infancy; it needs to develop and learn from more experienced countries in Europe and North America...
May 2017: BJPsych Int
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052262/diversion-evaluations-a-specialized-forensic-examination
#4
Virginia Barber-Rioja, Merrill Rotter, Faith Scombs
Diversion programs screen justice-involved individuals for the presence of psychiatric disorders, and after negotiations take place with attorneys and treatment providers, these programs link participants with community-based treatment programs in lieu of incarceration. As the number of diversion programs, including mental health courts, continues to rapidly grow, so does the need for "diversion evaluations". Diversion evaluations are a type of forensic mental health assessment (FMHA) conducted to assist the courts in making decisions regarding diversion eligibility...
October 19, 2017: Behavioral Sciences & the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033635/evaluation-of-5-httlpr-gene-polymorphism-and-resilience-components-on-the-development-of-psychopathology-in-adolescent-sexual-abuse-cases
#5
Gresa Çarkaxhiu Bulut, Ayşe Rodopman Arman, İlter Güney, Pınar Gültepe
INTRODUCTION: More than one-fourth adolescents are exposed to unexpected frightening experiences and traumas until adulthood. In this study, we aimed to determine the potential role of serotonin transporter (5-HTT) gene polymorphism regarding resilience factors in the symptom variability of individuals exposed to sexual abuse. METHODS: Adolescents aged 11-17 years, who were admitted to the Marmara University Child Psychiatry Outpatient Clinic Forensic division with sexual abuse experience history, were informed about the research, and volunteers were included in the study...
September 2017: Noro Psikiyatri Arsivi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987051/financing-of-forensic-psychiatry-in-view-of-treatment-quality-and-threat-to-public-safety
#6
REVIEW
Janusz Heitzman, Inga Markiewicz
Stay in a psychiatric hospital of persons who committed the gravest criminal acts while in a state of insanity aims to ensure their effective treatment (therapeutic function), but above all to prevent the repetition of prohibited acts of significant harm to the community (preventive function). Forensic patients are provided with suitable medical, psychiatric, rehabilitation and resocialization care. The court imposes an indefinite detention. In view of the dual purpose of the stay in a psychiatric hospital, both therapeutic and preventive, the treatment costs generated by forensic wards are higher than those of general psychiatric wards...
August 29, 2017: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983812/the-pursuit-of-excellence-in-forensic-psychiatry-education
#7
Michael Kelly
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 5, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936813/-clinical-and-sociodemographic-characteristics-that-affect-the-recommendation-for-assignment-of-a-legal-representative-in-patients-with-bipolar-disorder
#8
Erhan Akıncı, Fatih Öncü, Can Ger, Mustafa Sabuncuoğlu, Anıl Kırmızı, Nezih Eradamlar
OBJECTIVE: In this study, we aimed to evaluate the clinical and sociodemographic characteristics of patients with bipolar disorder who had been sent to the Forensic Psychiatry Unit by the court in order to determine factors that affected the decision to appoint a legal representative. METHODS: The reports of health council, follow-up outpatient, and hospitalization files of a total of 78 patients with bipolar disorder who had been sent to the Department of Forensic Psychiatry Outpatient Clinic of Bakirköy Mental Health and Neurological Diseases Education and Research Hospital between 1st June 2009-31st December 2011 were examined...
2017: Türk Psikiyatri Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933678/medicine-madness-and-murderers-the-context-of-english-forensic-psychiatric-hospitals
#9
Ruth McDonald, Vivek Furtado, Birgit Völlm
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to add to the understanding of context by shedding light on the relationship between context and organisational actors' abilities to resolve ongoing challenges. Design/methodology/approach The authors used qualitative data collection (interviews and focus groups with staff and site visits to English forensic psychiatry hospitals) and the analysis was informed by Lefebvre's writings on space. Findings Responses to ongoing challenges were both constrained and facilitated by the context, which was negotiated and co-produced by the actors involved...
August 21, 2017: Journal of Health Organization and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910830/consensus-guidelines-for-therapeutic-drug-monitoring-in-neuropsychopharmacology-update-2017
#10
C Hiemke, N Bergemann, H W Clement, A Conca, J Deckert, K Domschke, G Eckermann, K Egberts, M Gerlach, C Greiner, G Gründer, E Haen, U Havemann-Reinecke, G Hefner, R Helmer, G Janssen, E Jaquenoud, G Laux, T Messer, R Mössner, M J Müller, M Paulzen, B Pfuhlmann, P Riederer, A Saria, B Schoppek, G Schoretsanitis, M Schwarz, M Silva Gracia, B Stegmann, W Steimer, J C Stingl, M Uhr, S Ulrich, S Unterecker, R Waschgler, G Zernig, G Zurek, P Baumann
Therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) is the quantification and interpretation of drug concentrations in blood to optimize pharmacotherapy. It considers the interindividual variability of pharmacokinetics and thus enables personalized pharmacotherapy. In psychiatry and neurology, patient populations that may particularly benefit from TDM are children and adolescents, pregnant women, elderly patients, individuals with intellectual disabilities, patients with substance abuse disorders, forensic psychiatric patients or patients with known or suspected pharmacokinetic abnormalities...
September 14, 2017: Pharmacopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879779/supervising-trainees-in-research-what-does-it-take-to-be-a-scholarly-project-supervisor
#11
Gary Cheung, Susan Hatters Friedman, Lillian Ng, Sarah Cullum
OBJECTIVES: Scholarly projects (SPs) are a compulsory component of psychiatry training in Australasia. This article outlines the role of a research supervisor in supporting a trainee to complete an SP. METHODS: A total of 10 old age and forensic psychiatry SPs were reviewed with regard to aims, methodology, supervisor input, trainee tasks and additional resources. RESULTS: The main supervisor tasks are described and discussed. They include practical advice on study design, ethics applications, critical appraisal, data analysis, academic writing and publication...
September 1, 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869705/long-acting-injectable-antipsychotics-for-prevention-and-management-of-violent-behaviour-in-psychotic-patients
#12
REVIEW
Pavel Mohr, Pavel Knytl, Veronika Voráčková, Anna Bravermanová, Tomáš Melicher
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: It has been well established that long-term antipsychotic treatment prevents relapse, lowers number of rehospitalisations, and also effectively reduces violent behaviour. Although violent behaviour is not a typical manifestation of schizophrenia or other psychotic disorders, the diagnosis of psychosis increases the overall risk of violence. One of the few modifiable factors of violence risk is adherence with medication. In contrast, non-adherence with drug treatment and subsequent relapse increases risk of violent acts...
September 2017: International Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854050/forensic-nursing-and-the-palliative-approach-to-care-an-empirical-nursing-ethics-analysis
#13
David Kenneth Wright, Brandi Vanderspank-Wright, Dave Holmes, Elise Skinner
BACKGROUND: A movement is underway to promote a palliative approach to care in all contexts where people age and live with life-limiting conditions, including psychiatric settings. Forensic psychiatry nursing-a subfield of mental health nursing- focuses on individuals who are in conflict with the criminal justice system. We know little about the values of nurses working in forensic psychiatry, and how these values might influence a palliative approach to care for frail and aging patients...
August 2, 2017: International Journal of Palliative Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852995/-key-topics-in-austrian-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry-2007-2017
#14
Andreas Karwautz, Cvetka F Lipuš, Martin Fuchs
The medical speciality "Child and Adolescent Psychiatry" exists since 2007. 2015 a new training regulation defined an increment to "Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychotherapeutic Medicine". To document the achievements in research within the last 10 years for the first time, all papers listed in Pubmed and all books published by the member of the ÖGKJP were summarized. Additionally, the clinical/scientific key aspects of all large teaching centres were documented.All members of the ÖGKJP are scientifically active in various areas of child psychiatry...
August 30, 2017: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820772/the-individual-experience-of-aging-patients-and-the-current-service-provision-in-the-context-of-italian-forensic-psychiatry-a-case-study
#15
Claudio Di Lorito, Luca Castelletti, Giuseppa Tripi, Maria Gloria Gandellini, Tom Dening, Birgit Völlm
INTRODUCTION: After the recent development of residential units for the execution of security measures managed by the National Health Service and the closing down of forensic psychiatric hospitals, no study has been conducted to investigate the individual experience of aging patients and to assess whether the new service is adequately meeting their needs. We aimed to explore the experience of the service of a sample of patients aged 50 years and above living in one of the Italian residential units for the execution of security measures...
July 2017: Journal of Forensic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776213/-standards-for-treatment-in-forensic-committment-according-to-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-63-and-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-64-of-the-german-criminal-code-interdisciplinary-task-force-of-the-dgppn
#16
REVIEW
J L Müller, N Saimeh, P Briken, S Eucker, K Hoffmann, M Koller, T Wolf, M Dudeck, C Hartl, A-K Jakovljevic, V Klein, G Knecht, R Müller-Isberner, J Muysers, K Schiltz, D Seifert, A Simon, H Steinböck, W Stuckmann, W Weissbeck, C Wiesemann, R Zeidler
People who have been convicted of a crime due to a severe mental disorder and continue to be dangerous as a result of this disorder may be placed in a forensic psychiatric facility for improvement and safeguarding according to § 63 and § 64 of the German Criminal Code (StGB). In Germany, approximately 9000 patients are treated in clinics for forensic psychiatry and psychotherapy on the basis of § 63 of the StGB and in withdrawal centers on the basis of § 64 StGB. The laws for treatment of patients in forensic commitment are passed by the individual States, with the result that even the basic conditions differ in the individual States...
August 3, 2017: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759775/forensic-mental-health-evaluations-of-military-personnel-with-traumatic-life-event-in-a-university-hospital-in-ankara-turkey
#17
Huseyin Balandiz, Abdullah Bolu
INTRODUCTION: The definition of psychological trauma has been rephrased with the DSM-5. From now on, witnessing someone else's traumatic event is also accepted as a traumatic life event. Therefore, the psychiatric examination of forensic cases gains importance for not overlooking a psychiatric trauma. This research aims to discuss the psychiatric examinations of military personnel who had a traumatic life event and to reveal psychiatric states of soldiers after trauma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The forensic reports prepared at Gulhane Military Medical Academy (GMMA), Forensic Medicine polyclinic between January 1, 2011 and November 30, 2014 were examined, and among them the cases sent to GMMA Psychiatry polyclinic for psychiatric examination were analyzed retrospectively...
October 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752249/-treatment-structures-for-men-with-pedosexual-problems
#18
REVIEW
Georg Stolpmann, Peer Briken, Jürgen L Müller
Pedophilia is defined as a persistent or dominating sexual preference for prepubescent children characterized by persistent thoughts, fantasies, urges, sexual arousal and behavior. Less than 50% of all child abusers fulfill the diagnostic criteria and an even smaller part exclusively has a preference for children. Following psychiatric classification systems, pedophilia must be distinguished from child sexual abuse. Outpatient treatment and treatment in forensic psychiatry clinics, sociotherapeutic facilities and in correction facilities are different aspects of prevention...
July 27, 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713686/development-of-an-instrument-to-measure-patients-attitudes-towards-involuntary-hospitalization
#19
Adel Gabriel
AIM: To construct and assess the psychometric properties of an instrument to measure patients' attitudes towards involuntary hospitalization. METHODS: This is a two phase study. In the first phase, based on comprehensive literature review, a twenty one item scale to measure patients' attitudes to involuntary admission was constructed. Forensic and inpatient Psychiatrists, patients' advocates and legal experts (n = 15) were invited to participate in the validation process of the written instrument, by formally rating each item of the instrument for its relevancy in measuring patients' attitudes to involuntary admission...
June 22, 2017: World Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710066/hcr-20-shows-poor-field-validity-in-clinical-forensic-psychiatry-settings
#20
John Tully
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Evidence-based Mental Health
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