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Forensic psychiatry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837570/the-importance-of-the-patients-deemed-not-guilty-by-reason-of-insanity-for-the-psychiatric-reform
#1
EDITORIAL
Athanasios Douzenis
According to the Greek Penal Law if someone "because of a morbid disturbance of his mental functioning" (article 34) is acquitted of a crime or misdemeanour that the law punishes with more than 6 months imprisonment, then the court orders that this individual should be kept in a public psychiatric institution if the court reaches the conclusion that this person poses a threat to public safety.1 Individuals who have broken the law and deemed "not guilty by reason of insanity" are treated in psychiatric units of Psychiatric Hospitals according to the article 69 of the Penal Code...
July 2016: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830378/-the-diagnostic-relevance-of-cbcl-and-ysr-in-diagnosing-ptsd-in-adolescence
#2
Sabine Völkl-Kernstock, Katrin Skala, Sophie Klomfar, Oswald D Kothgassner
BACKGROUND: The present study sought to examine the symptomatology of children and adolescents with a history of trauma experience of using the German versions of Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) and Youth Self Report (YSR). We pursue the question to what extent symptoms differ among adolescents with and without posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). A further objective is comparing self-assessment of the children and adolescents with the rating of their parents or caregivers. METHODS: Overall N = 41 patients, aged 11-18 years, and one caregiver of each patient were surveyed...
December 2016: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826750/an-international-position-paper-on-mother-infant-perinatal-mental-health-with-guidelines-for-clinical-practice
#3
Ian Brockington, Ruth Butterworth, Nine Glangeaud-Freudenthal
The purpose of this paper is to set out informal, provisional and comprehensive but concise guidelines for mother-infant (perinatal) mental health (psychiatry), as an area of specialisation. It is informal in the sense that the authors are clinicians and researchers from many different nations, who share a common goal and vision, speaking on their own behalf and not with the backing of any authority or society. It is provisional in the expectation that it can be improved by criticism and new research findings...
November 8, 2016: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822301/thematic-series-capmh-forensic-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry-and-mental-health
#4
EDITORIAL
Klaus Schmeck, Cyril Boonmann, Jörg M Fegert
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810113/prediction-of-occupational-disability-from-psychological-and-neuropsychological-evidence-in-forensic-context
#5
Izabela Z Schultz, Ada K Law, Leanna C Cruikshank
Within the fields of psychiatry, psychology, and neuropsychology, medical examiners are often tasked with providing an opinion about an injured individual's health prognosis and likelihood of returning to work. Traditionally, examiners have conducted such assessments by employing clinical intuition, expert knowledge, and judgment. More recently, however, an accumulation of research on factors predictive of disability has allowed examiners to provide prognostications using specific empirically supported evidence...
October 31, 2016: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806416/-treatment-and-recidivism-of-patients-convicted-for-homicide-after-release-from-a-forensic-psychiatry-for-addiction-treatment
#6
C Maaß, A Wettermann, D Schläfke
The forensic clinic for addiction treatment in Rostock is a forensic institution for patients who committed crimes under the influence of psychotropic substances. Regardless of the severity of the offence, patients receive different kinds of treatment depending on the therapy program. Criminal recidivism can be seen as one of the most important factors to validate success in treatment. Due to this purpose, an extensive recidivism study including all former patients from 2001 to 2012 was conducted at our clinic...
October 2016: Fortschritte der Neurologie-Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788697/innovation-and-pragmatism-required-to-reduce-seclusion-practices
#7
John Tully, Leo McSweeney, Katie-Lynn Harfield, Cindie Castle, Mrigendra Das
Seclusion may be harmful and traumatic to patients, detrimental to therapeutic relationships, and can result in physical injury to staff. Further, strategies to reduce seclusion have been identified as a potential method of improving cost-effectiveness of psychiatric services. However, developing alternative strategies to seclusion can be difficult. Interventions to reduce seclusion do not lend themselves to evaluation using randomized controlled trials (RCTs), though comprehensive literature reviews have demonstrated considerable non-RCT evidence for interventions to reduce seclusion in psychiatric facilities...
October 28, 2016: CNS Spectrums
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27726891/cultural-considerations-in-forensic-psychiatry-the-issue-of-forced-medication
#8
Josepha Campinha-Bacote
There has been an ongoing debate regarding the forced use of antipsychotic medications and both the psychiatric and legal professions have reacted strongly to the growing debate. Within the penological context, cases such as Washington v. Harper, Riggins v. Nevada, and Sell v. United States established the framework for determining when antipsychotic medication may be forcibly administered. Medication decisions under the Sell and Riggins cases are to be approved at judicial hearings; whereas, administrative hearings are sufficient for Harper cases...
October 7, 2016: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27721969/evaluation-of-olanzapine-pamoate-depot-in-seriously-violent-males-with-schizophrenia-in-the-community
#9
John Kasinathan, Gillian Sharp, Anthony Barker
OBJECTIVES: Olanzapine is a well established treatment for schizophrenia. The olanzapine pamoate depot (long-acting injectable) formulation improves compliance and clinical trials have shown it to be effective. However, there are no previously published reports evaluating olanzapine depot in violent patients with schizophrenia in the community. We evaluated the clinical efficacy of olanzapine depot, its effect on violence, hospitalization and incarceration in community patients with schizophrenia and prior history of serious violence...
October 2016: Therapeutic Advances in Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27683656/effectiveness-of-a-single-day-induction-programme-in-changing-medical-students-attitudes-towards-the-speciality-of-forensic-psychiatry
#10
Ann Archer, Joshana Guliani, Francesca Johns, Emily McCartney, E Naomi Smith, Callum C Ross, Samrat Sengupta, Mrigendra Das
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to investigate the effectiveness of a day visit in changing attitudes towards a high-security forensic psychiatric hospital, with regard to the current recruitment difficulties in psychiatry. METHODS: Broadmoor Hospital, a UK high-security psychiatric hospital, runs day visits for medical students, led by doctors. At the beginning and the end of the day students wrote their responses to the question, 'What do you think of Broadmoor?' Attitudes and themes were identified, and their prevalence was analysed...
September 28, 2016: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27644863/implications-of-the-group-model-of-supervision-and-consultation-in-forensic-training
#11
Richard L Frierson, Kaustubh G Joshi
The clinical case conference has been a hallmark of undergraduate and graduate medical education for decades and affords attendees the opportunity to hear about interesting and difficult cases and to learn from a discussion of the complexities of diagnosis and treatment. In forensic psychiatry, the complexities in a case conference also extend to the formation of a forensic opinion. The application of the clinical case conference to forensic psychiatry has not been described in the literature, although many fellowship programs engage in this activity...
September 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27637873/-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-forensic-psychiatry-a-review
#12
D Galland, I Tisserant, L Notardonato
INTRODUCTION: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common and challenging childhood neurobehavioral disorders. ADHD may have behavioral consequences and involvements in minor and serious crimes. Our work aims to establish links between ADHD and forensic psychiatry. METHODS: A review of international scientific literature concerning the relationship between ADHD and forensic psychiatry was conducted using the PudMed electronic database...
September 13, 2016: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27605915/risk-factors-for-problematic-behaviors-among-forensic-outpatients-under-the-medical-treatment-and-supervision-act-in-japan
#13
Kumiko Ando, Takahiro Soshi, Kanako Nakazawa, Takamasa Noda, Takayuki Okada
The Medical Treatment and Supervision Act (MTSA) was enacted in 2005 in Japan to promote the reintegration of clinical offenders with mental disorders into society. Under the MTSA, individuals who committed serious crimes in a state of insanity or diminished responsibility are diverted from the criminal justice system to the mental health system. Based on court decisions about MTSA-based treatment, clinical offenders have an obligation to engage in rehabilitation within their local community under the guidance of mental health professionals...
2016: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27517721/routine-outcome-monitoring-and-clinical-decision-making-in-forensic-psychiatry-based-on-the-instrument-for-forensic-treatment-evaluation
#14
Frida C A van der Veeken, Jacques Lucieer, Stefan Bogaerts
BACKGROUND: Rehabilitation in forensic psychiatry is achieved gradually with different leave modules, in line with the Risk Need Responsivity model. A forensic routine outcome monitoring tool should measure treatment progress based on the rehabilitation theory, and it should be predictive of important treatment outcomes in order to be usable in decision-making. Therefore, this study assesses the predictive validity for both positive (i.e., leave) and negative (i.e., inpatient incidents) treatment outcomes with the Instrument for Forensic Treatment Evaluation (IFTE)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27446900/schizophrenic-patients-between-general-and-forensic-psychiatry
#15
Fanny de Tribolet-Hardy, Elmar Habermeyer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27439121/managing-madness-murderers-and-paedophiles-understanding-change-in-the-field-of-english-forensic-psychiatry
#16
Ruth McDonald, Vivek Furtado, Birgit Vollm
This paper discusses changes occurring in the field of English forensic psychiatry which appear to be linked to feelings of discomfort amongst medical professionals who manage care in such settings. These changes are neither the result of a sudden 'shock' to the system, nor small improvisations at the margins, but instead appear to reflect a growing perception amongst psychiatrists of accepted field practice as inadequate for some types of patients. To understand how feelings and emotions are implicated in these changes we draw on and develop the work of Pierre Bourdieu to suggest that changes must be seen in the context of field tensions, which have implications for habitus...
September 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27400660/do-consultation-psychiatrists-forensic-psychiatrists-psychiatry-trainees-and-health-care-lawyers-differ-in-opinion-on-gray-area-decision-making-capacity-cases-a-vignette-based-survey
#17
James Armontrout, David Gitlin, Thomas Gutheil
BACKGROUND: Previous research in the area of medical decision-making capacity has demonstrated relatively poor agreement between experienced evaluators in "gray area" cases. We performed a survey to determine the level of agreement about gray area decision-making capacity case scenarios within and between individuals of different professional backgrounds. METHOD: Participants received a survey consisting of 3 complicated decision-making capacity vignettes with an accompanying "yes/no" question regarding capacity and a certainty scale for each vignette...
September 2016: Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27377200/multi-agency-working-in-forensic-psychiatry-theory-and-practice-in-europe
#18
EDITORIAL
Lindsay D G Thomson, Kris Goethals, Norbert Nedopil
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27351587/hesitation-wounds-and-sharp-force-injuries-in-forensic-pathology-and-psychiatry-multidisciplinary-review-of-the-literature-and-study-of-two-cases
#19
Maria-Valeria Karakasi, Evangelos Nastoulis, Stylianos Kapetanakis, Epameinondas Vasilikos, Grigorios Kyropoulos, Pavlos Pavlidis
The aim of this paper was to showcase the significant diagnostic value of hesitation wounds in terms of forensic, psychiatric, and medicolegal interest. A number of studies were reviewed to update and summarize the relevant literature on the incidence, distribution, character, and function of hesitation wounds as well as the sociodemographic variables and psychopathology of the inducers. This study also investigates their importance as a forensic criterion in the distinction between suicide and homicide as well as a psychiatric diagnostic tool in suicide prevention...
November 2016: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27337424/criminal-forensic-psychiatry-a-primer-for-psychiatrists
#20
Scott A Freeman
Many mentally ill people are currently held in correctional settings, and general psychiatrists should be familiar with criminal forensic psychiatry in order to understand the legal aspects of the evaluation and treatment of these individuals, especially with regard to competency to stand trial and insanity. This educational activity briefly explains these evaluations and reviews relevant landmark legal cases.
June 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
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