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Forensic psychiatry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713686/development-of-an-instrument-to-measure-patients-attitudes-towards-involuntary-hospitalization
#1
Adel Gabriel
AIM: To construct and assess the psychometric properties of an instrument to measure patients' attitudes towards involuntary hospitalization. METHODS: This is a two phase study. In the first phase, based on comprehensive literature review, a twenty one item scale to measure patients' attitudes to involuntary admission was constructed. Forensic and inpatient Psychiatrists, patients' advocates and legal experts (n = 15) were invited to participate in the validation process of the written instrument, by formally rating each item of the instrument for its relevancy in measuring patients' attitudes to involuntary admission...
June 22, 2017: World Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710066/hcr-20-shows-poor-field-validity-in-clinical-forensic-psychiatry-settings
#2
John Tully
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 14, 2017: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701052/-they-accused-me-of-strangling-her-epilepsy-and-violence-debate-in-croatia-at-the-end-of-the-nineteenth-and-the-beginning-of-the-twentieth-centuries
#3
Martin Kuhar, Stella Fatović-Ferenčić
Nineteenth-century psychiatry shifted its focus to the brain as the seat of mental disorders. With a new understanding of mental disorders arose the need to consult forensic psychiatrists in cases of criminal acts committed by persons with mental illness. This article focuses on three murders committed by 'epileptics' at the end of the nineteenth and the beginning of the twentieth centuries in Croatia. An analysis of these cases will help to situate forensic psychiatry at the turn of the century within the Austro-Hungarian Empire, and reveal the authority that forensic experts wielded in the courts...
July 1, 2017: History of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696434/when-should-governments-increase-the-supply-of-psychiatric-beds
#4
S Allison, T Bastiampillai, J Licinio, D A Fuller, N Bidargaddi, S S Sharfstein
Low numbers of hospital-based psychiatric beds create problems for people with severe mental illness (SMI), when they face extended emergency department (ED) waits, higher thresholds for admission to an acute bed, and short revolving-door stays with high rates of rehospitalisation. Limited access to inpatient treatment has been associated with higher suicide risk, premature mortality, homelessness, violent crime and incarceration. Ultimately, people with SMI can be transinstitutionalised to the criminal justice system...
July 11, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689196/love-as-delusion-delusions-of-love-erotomania-narcissism-and-shame
#5
Brendan D Kelly
Erotomania has a long, colourful history in psychiatry. It is a rare condition in which the patient ('subject') develops the belief that he or she is loved from afar by another person ('object'). The subject is generally female, though men predominate in forensic samples. The object is generally perceived to belong to a higher social class, reflecting a sociopolitical element in the construction of love. Erotomania requires active treatment and risk management as it can be associated with stalking and other offending behaviour...
July 8, 2017: Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685350/forensic-psychiatry-milestones-experience-after-1%C3%A2-year
#6
Andrea Stolar, Philip J Candilis, Richard L Frierson, Laura Edgar
OBJECTIVE: In 1999, the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) and the American Board of Medical Specialties identified six core competencies for medical practice. In 2013, the milestones were introduced to demonstrate these educational outcomes across each specialty. This study represents the first examination of the sub-specialty Forensic Psychiatry Milestones. METHODS: Members of the Association of Directors of Forensic Psychiatry Fellowships were surveyed...
July 6, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675999/subduing-the-green-eyed-monster-bridging-the-psychopharmacological-and-psychosocial-treatment-perspective-in-understanding-pathological-jealousy
#7
Farah Deena Abdul Samad, Hatta Sidi, Jaya Kumar, Srijit Das, Marhani Midin, Nurul Hazwani Hatta
Human being is not spared from a broad-ranged emotional state, including being jealous. Jealousy has both affective-cognitive and behavioural-evaluative dimension where the person perceives, or experiences a real threat on a valued relationship. As this complex emotion becomes irrational and not amenable to reason, it later transforms into a dangerously 'green-eyed monster'. This perilous situation which is viewed as pathological jealousy is a form of delusion, which is maintained by a fixed and false reasoning in an originally entrusted intimate relationship...
July 4, 2017: Current Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638196/primary-delusion-and-the-sociopolitical-milieu-in-india-a-case-report-short-review
#8
Rahul Saha, Aastha Sharma
Delusion has always been a central topic for psychiatric research with regard to its etiology, pathogenesis, diagnosis, treatment, and forensic relevance. Among these, primary delusion seems to be the interest of many psychiatrists. Content of delusion has always been the area of interest of cultural psychiatry. We have tried to discuss the various aspects of primary delusion and also tried to explain how cultural and sociopolitical environment in a country like India can shape the formation of primary delusion and influence its psychopathology...
August 25, 2016: Shanghai Archives of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619861/geriatrics-and-the-legal-system
#9
Stephanie C Yarnell, Paul D Kirwin, Howard V Zonana
Correctional systems, already struggling to meet the basic and functional requirements of older prisoners, will be further challenged by the increasing medical and psychiatric needs of this population. Mental health and general medical care for older adults requires specific on-site or consultation expertise in geriatric medicine and psychiatry, as well as potential changes in infrastructure, both of which may be prohibitively expensive. However, compassionate and effective treatment of older prisoners requires that prison and legal systems facilitate this expert care...
June 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619856/childhood-trauma-ptsd-and-the-cautious-forensic-expert
#10
Lance Amols, Spencer Eth
For centuries, medicine and psychiatry mirrored society's equivocations regarding childhood trauma. Those conflicts have mostly resolved, with widespread agreement that children are commonly exposed to traumatic events that may lead to PTSD and other mental conditions. The psychiatric and legal arguments should no longer be about the reality of childhood trauma in general; instead, experts should focus on the methodology of translating a particular child's narrative truth of maltreatment into a historical account, so that the expert can be qualified to offer criminal or civil court testimony after examining the child...
June 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619854/dissociation-defining-the-concept-in-criminal-forensic-psychiatry
#11
Dominique Bourget, Pierre Gagné, Stephen Floyd Wood
Claims of amnesia and dissociative experiences in association with a violent crime are not uncommon. Research has shown that dissociation is a risk factor for violence and is seen most often in crimes of extreme violence. The subject matter is most relevant to forensic psychiatry. Peritraumatic dissociation for instance, with or without a history of dissociative disorder, is quite frequently reported by offenders presenting for a forensic psychiatric examination. Dissociation or dissociative amnesia for serious offenses can have legal repercussions stemming from their relevance to the legal constructs of fitness to stand trial, criminal responsibility, and diminished capacity...
June 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619853/the-relevance-of-stress-and-trauma-to-forensic-psychiatry
#12
Dominique Bourget
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613363/-temptations-for-the-belgian-forensic-psychiatry
#13
EDITORIAL
K R Goethals
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577117/teaching-psychological-assessments-to-forensic-psychiatry-fellows-a-practical-guide
#14
Charles L Scott, Barbara E McDermott
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541170/commentary-reservations-about-the-lessons-drawn-from-moral-education-public-health-ethics-and-forensic-psychiatry
#15
Bert Gordijn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics: CQ: the International Journal of Healthcare Ethics Committees
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541169/imagining-moral-bioenhancement-practices-drawing-inspiration-from-moral-education-public-health-ethics-and-forensic-psychiatry
#16
Jona Specker, Maartje H N Schermer
In this article, we consider contexts or domains in which (future) moral bioenhancement interventions possibly or most likely will be implemented. By looking closely at similar or related existing practices and their relevant ethical frameworks, we hope to identify ethical considerations that are relevant for evaluating potential moral bioenhancement interventions. We examine, first, debates on the proper scope of moral education; second, proposals for identifying early risk factors for antisocial behaviour; and third, the difficult balancing of individual freedom and third party concerns in (forensic) psychiatry...
July 2017: Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics: CQ: the International Journal of Healthcare Ethics Committees
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485670/hermeneutic-caring-conversations-in-forensic-psychiatric-caring
#17
Kenneth Rydenlund, Unni Å Lindström, Arne Rehnsfeldt
BACKGROUND: In forensic psychiatric care, a hermeneutic caring conversation between caregivers and patients can improve health outcomes. The hermeneutic approach entails starting from the whole and involves openness for what is shown as well as paying attention to the different parts. One way to deepen these conversations is to take advantage of both the caregivers' and the patients' life experiences. RESEARCH QUESTIONS: The purpose of the study is to discuss and reflect on what hermeneutic caring conversations can mean for a deepened understanding of the movement in the health processes of patients in forensic care, patients who are in deep suffering...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424982/finding-common-ground-educating-general-psychiatry-residents-about-forensic-psychiatry
#18
Elizabeth Ford, Susan Gray, Bipin Subedi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 19, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371726/risk-assessment-tools-in-criminal-justice-and-forensic-psychiatry-the-need-for-better-data
#19
T Douglas, J Pugh, I Singh, J Savulescu, S Fazel
Violence risk assessment tools are increasingly used within criminal justice and forensic psychiatry, however there is little relevant, reliable and unbiased data regarding their predictive accuracy. We argue that such data are needed to (i) prevent excessive reliance on risk assessment scores, (ii) allow matching of different risk assessment tools to different contexts of application, (iii) protect against problematic forms of discrimination and stigmatisation, and (iv) ensure that contentious demographic variables are not prematurely removed from risk assessment tools...
May 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298188/enrichment-activities-in-the-medical-school-psychiatry-programme-could-this-be-a-key-to-engaging-medical-students-in-psychiatry-a-study-from-a-high-secure-forensic-psychiatric-uk-hospital
#20
Anna-Marie Mortlock, Ignazio Puzzo, Sophie Taylor, Veena Kumari, Susan Young, Samrat Sengupta, Mrigendra Das
BACKGROUND: The majority of research studies on medical student attitudes toward psychiatry focus on influencing factors and the medical school experience. This study evaluates the effectiveness of a one-day visit to a high secure forensic psychiatric unit on medical students' attitudes towards psychiatry and also assesses career intentions and the factors influencing these. METHOD: Change in attitudes and career intention were measured by administering a questionnaire, which included the 30-item Attitudes Toward Psychiatry (ATP-30) survey, at the start (time 1) and end (time 2) of the one-day visit...
March 16, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
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