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Forensic psychiatry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30011342/correction-routine-outcome-monitoring-and-clinical-decision-making-in-forensic-psychiatry-based-on-the-instrument-for-forensic-treatment-evaluation
#1
Frida C A van der Veeken, Jacques Lucieer, Stefan Bogaerts
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0160787.].
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29996985/factors-that-predict-murder-defendants-competence-to-stand-trial
#2
Christine Tartaro, Joshua Duntley, Stephanie Medvetz, Nicole Hafner
One hundred sixty-three homicide case files from The Center for Forensic Psychiatry in Ypsilanti, Michigan were examined for evidence of factors associated with the outcomes of Competency to Stand Trial (CST) evaluations. Of the socio-demographic, legal, and clinical factors investigated, only three were significant. Defendants with lower IQs were more likely to be found incompetent to stand trial, and those with more property crime arrests were more likely to be found competent to stand trial. Additionally, defendants who were found incompetent to stand trial were more likely to be accused of killing an intimate or relative...
July 2018: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29969818/-luck-in-forensic-psychiatry
#3
Carl-Ernst von Schönfeld
Luck in forensic psychiatry may mean a fair treatment for the affected person, safety for the society and satisfying work for the clinician. There has been great progress in forensic psychiatry. A high quality forensic treatment consists of a professional attitude, which preserves the personal integrity and identity. The principles of RNR (Risk-Need-Responsivity) are essential. There are very promising treatment approaches like the "Good lives model" or the "Community Reinforcement Approach" (CRA-Concept), which consider the personal aims and the pursuit of happiness of the patient as a starting point and resource...
July 2018: Psychiatrische Praxis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29941664/-the-few-cubic-centimetres-inside-your-skull-a-neurological-reading-of-george-orwell-s-nineteen-eighty-four
#4
Lisa J Mullen
Nineteen Eighty-Four (1949), George Orwell's political satire on state surveillance and mind control, was written between 1946 and 1948, at a time when new thinking in forensic psychiatry coincided with scientific breakthroughs in neurology to bring questions of criminality, psychotherapy and mental health to the forefront of the popular imagination. This paper examines how Nineteen Eighty-Four inverts psychiatric paradigms in order to diagnose what Orwell sees as the madness of totalitarian regimes. It then goes on to place the novel's dystopian vision of total surveillance and mind control in the context of the neurological research and brain scanning techniques of the mid-20th century...
June 25, 2018: Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29882463/joint-bap-napicu-evidence-based-consensus-guidelines-for-the-clinical-management-of-acute-disturbance-de-escalation-and-rapid-tranquillisation
#5
Maxine X Patel, Faisil N Sethi, Thomas Re Barnes, Roland Dix, Luiz Dratcu, Bernard Fox, Marina Garriga, Julie C Haste, Kai G Kahl, Anne Lingford-Hughes, Hamish McAllister-Williams, Aileen O'Brien, Caroline Parker, Brodie Paterson, Carol Paton, Sotiris Posporelis, David M Taylor, Eduard Vieta, Birgit Völlm, Charlotte Wilson-Jones, Laura Woods
The British Association for Psychopharmacology and the National Association of Psychiatric Intensive Care and Low Secure Units developed this joint evidence-based consensus guideline for the clinical management of acute disturbance. It includes recommendations for clinical practice and an algorithm to guide treatment by healthcare professionals with various options outlined according to their route of administration and category of evidence. Fundamental overarching principles are included and highlight the importance of treating the underlying disorder...
June 2018: Journal of Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29873551/forensic-psychiatry-and-the-autonomy-trapdoor
#6
Andrew Amos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29869637/some-questions-about-brain-based-mind-reading-in-forensic-psychiatry
#7
COMMENT
Walter Glannon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Journal of Law and the Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29858772/the-benefits-of-required-forensic-clinical-experiences-in-residency
#8
Tobias Wasser, Amanda Sun, Saksham Chandra, Katherine Michaelsen
OBJECTIVE: The growth of forensic psychiatry has spurred efforts to improve forensic psychiatry training in general psychiatry residency. The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education requires that residencies provide an experience that "exposes" residents to forensic issues, but leaves the specifics to individual programs. However, there is growing need for psychiatrists to understand the unique circumstances of individuals with mental illness involved in the criminal justice system...
June 1, 2018: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724513/forensic-psychiatry-and-neurolaw-description-developments-and-debates
#9
Gerben Meynen
Neuroscience produces a wealth of data on the relationship between brain and behavior, including criminal behavior. The research field studying the possible and actual impact of neuroscience on the law and legal practices, is called neurolaw. It is a new and rapidly developing domain of interdisciplinary research. Since forensic psychiatry has to do with both neuroscience and the law, neurolaw is of specific relevance for this psychiatric specialty. In this contribution, I will discuss three main research areas in neurolaw - revision, assessment, and intervention - and explore their relevance for forensic psychiatry...
April 30, 2018: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697521/an-integrative-review-of-nurse-authored-research-to-improve-health-equity-and-human-rights-for-criminal-justice-involved-people
#10
REVIEW
Lorie S Goshin, Alison M Colbert, John F Carey
BACKGROUND: An estimated 10 million people are incarcerated internationally, including 2.1 million people in the United States. Criminal justice involvement is a social determinant of individual and family health disparities. Health care in correctional and forensic psychiatric facilities is nurse driven. The unique contributions of nurse authors to the research literature on health equity and humane conditions for this population have not been aggregated, nor have the nursing research gaps in this area been systematically identified...
April 2018: Journal of Forensic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665608/-level-of-development-of-clinical-ethics-consultation-in-psychiatry-results-of-a-survey-among-psychiatric-acute-clinics-and-forensic-psychiatric-hospitals
#11
Jakov Gather, Sarah Kaufmann, Ina Otte, Georg Juckel, Jan Schildmann, Jochen Vollmann
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this article is to assess the level of development of clinical ethics consultation in psychiatric institutions in North Rhine-Westphalia. METHODS: Survey among medical directors, directors of nursing and administrative directors of all psychiatric acute clinics and forensic psychiatric hospitals in North Rhine-Westphalia. RESULTS: 113 persons working in psychiatric acute clinics responded (reponse rate: 48 %) and 13 persons working in forensic psychiatric hospitals (response rate 54 %)...
April 17, 2018: Psychiatrische Praxis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665607/-who-benefits-from-forensic-psychiatric-treatment-results-of-a-catamnestic-study-in-swabia
#12
Manuela Dudeck, Irina Franke, Adelheid Bezzel, Stefanie Otte, Norbert Ormanns, Stefanie Nigel, Felix Segmiller, Judith Streb
OBJECTIVE: Evaluation of treatment outcomes of forensic inpatients in the Bavarian district of Swabia (2010 - 2014). METHODS: 130 inpatients were interviewed about their social reintegration, substance use and delinquency immediately after discharge from forensic psychiatry and one year after. RESULTS: One year after discharge 67 % of the patients referred due to substance use disorder according to § 64 of the German Penal Code were employed, 57 % were abstinent and 83 % did not reoffend...
April 17, 2018: Psychiatrische Praxis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618542/aapl-practice-resource-for-the-forensic-evaluation-of-psychiatric-disability
#13
Stuart A Anfang, Liza H Gold, Donald J Meyer
Full Document: Anfang SA, Gold LH, Meyer DJ: AAPL practice resource for the forensic evaluation of psychiatric disability. Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law Online Supplement 2018, 46 (1). Available at: http://www.jaapl.org/content/46/1_Supplement.
March 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618533/truth-as-humility-nourishing-compassion-through-wisdom
#14
John L Young
Among the strengths of forensic psychiatry as a profession is its ability to support lively discussion of critical questions, such as how to characterize its own essence and whether it belongs to the practice of medicine. The American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law is fortunate that Michael Norko has taken the occasion of his presidential address to describe in depth the results of the advanced stage of his probing on a truly spiritual level the fundamental place of compassion in the practice of forensic psychiatry...
March 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618531/what-is-truth-the-spiritual-quest-of-forensic-psychiatry
#15
Michael A Norko
The search for truth is a foundational aim and value of forensic psychiatry. It is also a deeply spiritual exercise. It must, therefore, be possible to describe a spirituality of forensic psychiatry, which I attempt to begin in this article. This exploration opens with a discussion of spirituality and its contexts. I then examine the nature of vocation in its application to medicine, psychiatry and the law. This proceeds to a close evaluation of the attitudes and activities that I will argue occupy the groundwork of forensic practice and form pathways to truth: presence, empathy, compassion, and centering...
March 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29571072/european-psychiatric-association-epa-guidance-on-forensic-psychiatry-evidence-based-assessment-and-treatment-of-mentally-disordered-offenders
#16
Birgit A Völlm, Martin Clarke, Vicenç Tort Herrando, Allan O Seppänen, Paweł Gosek, Janusz Heitzman, Erik Bulten
Forensic psychiatry in Europe is a specialty primarily concerned with individuals who have either offended or present a risk of doing so, and who also suffer from a psychiatric condition. These mentally disordered offenders (MDOs) are often cared for in secure psychiatric environments or prisons. In this guidance paper we first present an overview of the field of forensic psychiatry from a European perspective. We then present a review of the literature summarising the evidence on the assessment and treatment of MDOs under the following headings: The forensic psychiatrist as expert witness, risk, treatment settings for mentally disordered offenders, and what works for MDOs...
June 2018: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29548509/forensic-psychiatric-treatment-evaluation-the-clinical-evaluation-of-treatment-progress-with-repeated-forensic-routine-outcome-monitoring-measures
#17
Frida C A van der Veeken, Jacques Lucieer, Stefan Bogaerts
The likelihood of recidivism is considered to be the most important outcome measure in forensic psychiatry. Therefore, forensic psychiatric treatment focuses on the reduction of the risk of recidivism by treating dynamic risk and protective factors, aiming to reduce risk factors while enhancing protective factors during treatment. The goal of this study is to assess treatment progress with the Instrument for Forensic Treatment Evaluation (IFTE) in a Dutch forensic psychiatric centre (n=240). Latent Class Analysis was conducted to reconfirm previously found patient profiles...
March 2018: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29548498/antipsychotic-treatment-of-psychotic-disorders-in-forensic-psychiatry-patients-perception-of-coercion-and-its-predictors
#18
Juliane Horvath, Tilman Steinert, Susanne Jaeger
BACKGROUND: Despite the major encroachment of coercive measures on the fundamental rights of affected forensic psychiatric patients, there is relatively few research done in this field. Considering the relevance of this subject for psychiatric care and the recent changes of the legal basis of coercive treatment in Germany, more studies are needed. The present study examines forensic psychiatric inpatients' perception of coercion regarding the prescribed antipsychotic medication and factors associated with the perception of coercion...
March 2018: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29521406/-personalised-medicine-in-forensic-psychiatry-an-example-for-other-domains-of-psychiatry
#19
K R Goethals
Personalised medicine promises to provide us with a diagnostic predictive system of stratification that is based on a wide variety of tests; these can include biological, cognitive, demographic, psychopathological tests and other clearly defined tests. The purpose of forensic psychiatry is not only to take care of and treat mentally impaired patients but also to engage in risk assessment and risk management.<br/> AIM: To explain risk assessment in forensic psychiatry as a nomothetic approach to personalised medicine, and also to demonstrate the link with offence paralleling behaviour, which is an illustration of the ideographic approach...
2018: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29493375/tdm-in-psychiatry-and-neurology-a-comprehensive-summary-of-the-consensus-guidelines-for-therapeutic-drug-monitoring-in-neuropsychopharmacology-update-2017-a-tool-for-clinicians-sup
#20
Georgios Schoretsanitis, Michael Paulzen, Stefan Unterecker, Markus Schwarz, Andreas Conca, Gerald Zernig, Gerhard Gründer, Ekkerhard Haen, Pierre Baumann, Niels Bergemann, Hans Willi Clement, Katharina Domschke, Gabriel Eckermann, Karin Egberts, Manfred Gerlach, Christine Greiner, Ursula Havemann-Reinecke, Gudrun Hefner, Renate Helmer, Ger Janssen, Eveline Jaquenoud-Sirot, Gerd Laux, Thomas Messer, Rainald Mössner, Matthias J Müller, Bruno Pfuhlmann, Peter Riederer, Alois Saria, Bernd Schoppek, Margarete Silva Gracia, Benedikt Stegmann, Werner Steimer, Julia C Stingl, Manfred Uhr, Sven Ulrich, Roland Waschgler, Gabriela Zurek, Christoph Hiemke
OBJECTIVES: Therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) combines the quantification of drug concentrations in blood, pharmacological interpretation and treatment guidance. TDM introduces a precision medicine tool in times of increasing awareness of the need for personalized treatment. In neurology and psychiatry, TDM can guide pharmacotherapy for patient subgroups such as children, adolescents, pregnant women, elderly patients, patients with intellectual disabilities, patients with substance use disorders, individuals with pharmacokinetic peculiarities and forensic patients...
April 2018: World Journal of Biological Psychiatry
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