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Shaken baby syndrome

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440883/a-misunderstanding-response-to-dr-bilo-et-al
#1
Niels Lynøe, Göran Elinder, Boubou Hallberg, Måns Rosén, Pia Sundgren, Anders Eriksson
In their comments on the shaken baby syndrome report (1) and subsequent paper in Acta Paediatrica (2) Dr Bilo et al (3) assumed that the expert panel responsible for both publications used the "same meticulous approach to compile Table 1" in the Appendix to the report as they did in the main references to the report (1). This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
April 25, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437603/what-are-acceptable-conclusions-response-to-dr-ludvigsson
#2
Niels Lynøe, Göran Elinder, Boubou Hallberg, Måns Rosén, Pia Sundgren, Anders Eriksson
We would like to thank to Dr Ludvigsson (1), who was the only critical commentary author to acknowledge the methodological problems inherent in the diagnosis of shaken baby syndrome, following the publication of our systematic review (2) in Acta Paediatrica. Dr Ludvigsson posed two questions regarding the two main conclusions, which deserve responses. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
April 24, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437569/the-shaken-baby-syndrome-report-was-not-the-result-of-a-conspiracy-response-to-dr-narang-et-al
#3
Niels Lynøe, Göran Elinder, Boubou Hallberg, Måns Rosén, Pia Sundgren, Anders Eriksson
Narang et al (1) maintain that the research question in our systematic review in Acta Paediatrica (2) was based on the findings of Guthkelch in 1971 (3), and that we presumed that Guthkelch introduced the shaken baby syndrome triad. That is not correct. We used the Guthkelch example in the introduction in order to illustrate when the discussion on shaken baby syndrome was initiated. As our research question was a reverse causality version of the Guthkelch hypothesis, it was not influenced by that hypothesis...
April 24, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437564/conflicts-of-interest-issues-response-to-lucas-et-al
#4
Niels Lynøe, Göran Elinder, Boubou Hallberg, Måns Rosén, Pia Sundgren, Anders Eriksson
Lucas et al (1) maintain that there were substantial flaws in the way our review on shaken baby syndrome (2) was conducted and in our choice of research focus. They suggest that the reason for these major shortcomings was that the expert panel lacked clinicians and scientists with deep knowledge in the research area. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
April 24, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437023/authors-overarching-reply-to-all-the-responses-received-to-the-systematic-literature-review-on-shaken-baby-syndrome
#5
Niels Lynøe, Göran Elinder, Boubou Hallberg, Måns Rosén, Pia Sundgren, Anders Eriksson
There have been a lot of views expressed about our paper on shaken baby syndrome, which was published in Acta Paediatrica (1). We acknowledge the concerns expressed by all of the authors who responded with regard to child welfare and the possibility that the diagnoses may be delayed in individual cases of child abuse. However, we are very troubled by the disregard displayed by those authors to the significant methodological problems inherent in published research on shaken baby syndrome. This article is protected by copyright...
April 24, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374456/using-the-table-in-the-swedish-review-on-shaken-baby-syndrome-will-not-help-courts-deliver-justice
#6
Robert A C Bilo, Sibylle Banaschak, Bernd Herrmann, Wouter A Karst, Bela Kubat, Hubert G T Nijs, Rick R van Rijn, Jan Sperhake, Arne Stray-Pedersen
The paper by Lynøe et al (1) summarises a systematic review carried out by the Swedish Agency for Health Technology Assessment (2), including the conclusion that there was insufficient evidence to assess the diagnostic accuracy of the triad in identifying traumatic shaking. Concerns regarding the methodological weaknesses of the Agency's report have been highlighted by a number of commentators, including one of our co-authors (AS-P) (3). This Different View draws attention to what Lynøe et al stated about possible alternative explanations of the triad, based on Appendix 1 of the Agency report (2) (Table 1), which is cited in the Lynøe et al paper (1)...
April 3, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370396/extensive-shaken-baby-syndrome-review-provides-a-clear-signal-that-more-research-is-needed
#7
EDITORIAL
Jonas F Ludvigsson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 29, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370276/lyn%C3%A3-e-et-al-therestofthestory
#8
Sandeep K Narang, Christopher S Greeley
Lynöe et al is an adjunct to a larger report by the Swedish Agency For Health Technology Assessment And Assessment Of Social Services ("SBU") entitled "Traumatic shaking - The role of the triad in medical investigations of suspected traumatic shaking" (1). Lynoe et al purports to rigorously, objectively, and transparently examine the evidence-based medical literature on Shaken Baby Syndrome (SBS) under well-established guidelines of systematic reviews (2). And, having done so, it concludes that there is "very low" scientific evidence supporting the premise that the "triad" implies that an infant has been violently shaken, and "low" scientific evidence supporting the assumption that shaking an infant causes the triad...
April 1, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345241/the-new-swedish-report-on-shaken-baby-syndrome-is-misleading
#9
Kerstin Hellgren, Ann Hellström, Anna-Lena Hård, Lena Jacobson, Ulrika Lidén, Stefan Löfgren, Kristina Teär Fahnehjelm, Jan Ygge
In this issue of Acta Paediatrica, Professor Alex Levin, Director of the Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus Service at Wills Eye Hospital, (PA, USA), expresses relevant concerns (1) about a report produced by the Swedish Agency for Technology Assessment of Health and Social Services (SBU) (2) and summarized in a paper by Lynøe et al (3). He also provides necessary input on the importance of the morphology and distribution of retinal hemorrhages in diagnosing different causes of retinal bleedings. SBU undertakes independent assessments of methods used in health, medical, dental and social services and services provided to persons with certain functional disabilities...
March 27, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130787/insufficient-evidence-for-shaken-baby-syndrome-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Niels Lynøe, Göran Elinder, Boubou Hallberg, Måns Rosén, Pia Sundgren, Anders Eriksson
Shaken baby syndrome has typically been associated with findings of subdural haematoma, retinal haemorrhages and encephalopathy, which are referred to as the triad. During the last decade, however, the certainty with which the triad can indicate that an infant has been violently shaken has been increasingly questioned. The aim of this study was to determine the diagnostic accuracy of the triad in detecting that an infant had been shaken. The literature search was performed using PubMed, Embase and the Cochrane Library up to October 15, 2015...
January 27, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982430/severe-retinal-hemorrhages-with-retinoschisis-in-infants-are-not-pathognomonic-for-abusive-head-trauma
#11
Mark J Shuman, Kenneth D Hutchins
The combination of subdural hemorrhage (SDH), retinal hemorrhage (RH), and encephalopathy, or the presence of severe retinal hemorrhages alone in infants, is often attributed to and has been stated to be pathognomonic for abusive head trauma (AHT) or shaken baby syndrome. These beliefs have been challenged, because the same constellation of findings has been identified in accidental head injuries and natural diseases, and most if not all of the studies that support the concept of diagnostic specificity have serious flaws in their methodology...
December 16, 2016: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932007/difficulties-encountered-by-general-practitioners-in-the-management-of-shaken-baby-syndrome-report-of-a-survey-conducted-in-the-department-of-yonne-france
#12
S Gilard-Pioc, K Perez, I François-Purssell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821497/pediatric-abusive-head-trauma-prevention-initiatives-a-literature-review
#13
Nahara Rodrigues Laterza Lopes, Lúcia Cavalcanti de Albuquerque Williams
Abusive head trauma (AHT) is a serious form of child maltreatment that needs to be prevented. The aim of this study was to summarize the main AHT prevention strategies described in literature, aiming to identify evidence of their efficiency, as well as strengths and limitations. International databases were reviewed from 2005 to 2015 using the key words Shaken Baby Syndrome or abusive head trauma or nonaccidental head trauma or abusive head injury or nonaccidental head injury and prevention A total of 1,215 articles were found and 34 complete articles were selected for this study...
November 6, 2016: Trauma, Violence & Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27685477/recognition-and-management-of-shaken-baby-syndrome
#14
A J Nicholson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Irish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27666073/shaken-baby-syndrome-and-abusive-head-trauma-are-real-problems
#15
Paul G Fisher
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27642147/-complementary-exams-in-child-abuse-a-french-national-study-in-2015
#16
MULTICENTER STUDY
A Ledoyen, V Bresson, J-C Dubus, S Tardieu, P Petit, B Chabrol, E Bosdure
INTRODUCTION: Even if there are HAS (French National Health Authority) guidelines on shaken baby syndrome, many other child abuse situations are not included in these recommendations. The aim of this study was to invent the complementary exams in cases of child abuse in France and compare the practice to existing guidelines. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This was a multicenter study by email to 128 French hospitals (35 university hospitals and 93 general hospitals) that receives children in emergency and hospitalization settings...
October 2016: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27475531/brain-stiffness-increases-with-myelin-content
#17
J Weickenmeier, R de Rooij, S Budday, P Steinmann, T C Ovaert, E Kuhl
UNLABELLED: Brain stiffness plays an important role in neuronal development and disease, but reported stiffness values vary significantly for different species, for different brains, and even for different regions within the same brain. Despite extensive research throughout the past decade, the mechanistic origin of these stiffness variations remains elusive. Here we show that brain tissue stiffness is correlated to the underlying tissue microstructure and directly proportional to the local myelin content...
September 15, 2016: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27458075/acceptance-of-shaken-baby-syndrome-and-abusive-head-trauma-as-medical-diagnoses
#18
Sandeep K Narang, Cynthia Estrada, Sarah Greenberg, Daniel Lindberg
OBJECTIVE: To assess the current general acceptance within the medical community of shaken baby syndrome (SBS), abusive head trauma (AHT), and several alternative explanations for findings commonly seen in abused children. STUDY DESIGN: This was a survey of physicians frequently involved in the evaluation of injured children at 10 leading children's hospitals. Physicians were asked to estimate the likelihood that subdural hematoma, severe retinal hemorrhages, and coma or death would result from several proposed mechanisms...
October 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27271041/evaluation-of-knowledge-regarding-shaken-baby-syndrome-among-parents-and-medical-staff
#19
Urszula Marcinkowska, Kinga Tyrala, Monika Paniczek, Martyna Ledwon, Jadwiga Josko-Ochojska
BACKGROUND: Shaken Baby Syndrome (SBS), currently functioning as Abusive Head Trauma (AHT), is a form of violence against children mainly under 2 years of age. The number of SBS might be underestimated, as many cases of violence remain unreported. The aim of the study was evaluation of the state of knowledge of the SBS phenomenon, its scale and diagnostic methods among parents, medical staff and medical students. METHODS: 639 people were examined: 39% of parents, 32,5% medical staff members and 28,5% of medical students...
June 8, 2016: Minerva Pediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27163220/nurses-perceptions-of-barriers-and-facilitators-affecting-the-shaken-baby-syndrome-education-initiative-an-exploratory-study-of-a-massachusetts-public-policy
#20
Leslie Rideout
The objective of this study was to assess nurses' perceptions of barriers to and facilitators of implementation of the shaken baby syndrome (SBS)/abusive head trauma (AHT) public policy. A legislative Act providing for the prevention of SBS/AHT was passed in Massachusetts in November 2006. A stipulation of this Act was the provision of a program to educate parents/guardians of newborns about SBS/AHT prevention. A quantitative, cross-sectional research design with a qualitative component was used for this study...
May 2016: Journal of Trauma Nursing: the Official Journal of the Society of Trauma Nurses
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