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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795466/reduced-prevalence-of-hepatitis-b-surface-antigen-positivity-among-pregnant-women-born-after-the-national-implementation-of-immunoprophylaxis-for-babies-born-to-hepatitis-b-virus-carrier-mothers-in-japan
#1
Aya Sugiyama, Masayuki Ohisa, Shintaro Nagashima, Chikako Yamamoto, Chuon Channarena, Toshiko Fujii, Tomoyuki Akita, Keiko Katayama, Yoshiki Kudo, Junko Tanaka
AIM: We aimed to estimate hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) positivity among birth year-stratified pregnant women in Hiroshima, Japan, and compare prevalence rates among women between born before and after implementation of a national immunoprophylactic vaccination program for babies born to hepatitis B virus (HBV) carrier mothers in Japan. METHODS: Pregnant women who gave birth at all delivery hospitals/clinics in Hiroshima prefecture between April 1, 2010 and March 31, 2011 were eligible...
August 9, 2017: Hepatology Research: the Official Journal of the Japan Society of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792071/high-prevalence-of-hbv-infection-detection-of-subgenotypes-f1b-a2-and-d4-and-differential-risk-factors-among-mexican-risk-populations-with-low-socioeconomic-status
#2
Alexis Jose-Abrego, Arturo Panduro, Nora A Fierro, Sonia Roman
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection may be underestimated among high-risk individuals in regions of low HBs antigenemia. This study aimed to assess HBV serological markers, genotypes and risk factors in Mexican patients with risk of HBV infection and low socioeconomic status. Demographics, clinical and risk factor data were collected in patients with HIV (n = 289), HCV (n = 243), deferred blood donors (D-BD) (n = 83), and two native populations, Mixtecos (n = 57) and Purepechas (n = 44). HBV infection was assessed by HBsAg, anti-HBc and HBV-DNA testing...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Medical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780074/intra-hepatic-depletion-of-mucosal-associated-invariant-t-cells-in-hepatitis-c-virus-induced-liver-inflammation
#3
Fabian J Bolte, Ashley C O'Keefe, Lauren M Webb, Elisavet Serti, Elenita Rivera, T Jake Liang, Marc Ghany, Barbara Rehermann
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Chronic hepatitis affects phenotypes of innate and adaptive immune cells. Mucosal associated invariant T (MAIT) cells are enriched in the liver as compared to the blood, respond to intra-hepatic cytokines, and (via the semi-invariant T-cell receptor) to bacteria translocated from the gut. Little is known about the role of MAIT cells in livers of patients with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection and their fate after antiviral therapy. METHODS: We collected blood samples from 42 patients with chronic HCV infection who achieved a sustained virologic response after 12 weeks of treatment with sofosbuvir and velpatasvir...
August 2, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750638/erratum-to-prevalence-of-anelloviruses-ttv-ttmdv-and-ttmv-in-healthy-blood-donors-and-in-patients-infected-with-hbv-or-hcv-in-qatar
#4
Ahmed A Al-Qahtani, Enas S Alabsi, Raed AbuOdeh, Lukman Thalib, Mohamed E El Zowalaty, Gheyath K Nasrallah
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 27, 2017: Virology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736010/predictors-of-mortality-in-living-donor-liver-transplantation
#5
S Elkholy, S Mogawer, A Hosny, M El-Shazli, U M Al-Jarhi, S Abdel-Hamed, A Salah, N El-Garem, A Sholkamy, M El-Amir, M S Abdel-Aziz, A Mukhtar, A El-Sharawy, A Nabil
BACKGROUND: Egypt has the highest prevalence of the world hepatitis C virus (HCV) load. Hence, the problem of end-stage liver disease (ESLD) is considered a huge burden on the community. Living donor liver transplantation (LDLT) is the only source of donation in Egypt till now. Survival rates had shown significant improvement in the past decades. This study provides analysis of the mortality rates and possible predictors of mortality following LDLT. It also aids in developing a practical and easy-to-apply risk index for prediction of early mortality...
July 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709845/fifteen-years-of-nucleic-acid-testing-in-france-results-and-lessons
#6
S Laperche, P Tiberghien, C Roche-Longin, J Pillonel
Of the 40 million donations screened with Nucleic acid testing (NAT) between July 2001 and December 2015 in France, 20 HIV-positive, 13 HCV-positive and 17 HBV (HBV-NAT was initiated in 2005 and extended to the whole country in 2010) donations were discarded thanks to NAT. The main benefit in terms of discarded donations is related to HBV with a yield of 0.88 per million donations, which is 12.5 and 1.8 times higher than for HCV and HIV respectively. The main risk factor found in these donors during the post donation interview was having sex with men for males (n=11, all repeat blood donors), having a partner HCV positive (n=6) or at-risk partner (originated from endemic area or HBV positive) for HBV (n=8) for HIV, HCV and HBV, respectively...
July 11, 2017: Transfusion Clinique et Biologique: Journal de la Société Française de Transfusion Sanguine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702098/hepatitis-b-and-c-seroprevalence-in-patients-with-diabetes-mellitus-and-its-relationship-with-microvascular-complications
#7
Kadir Gisi, Ali Cetinkaya, Mesut Ozkaya, Bulent Kantarceken, Gokce Gisi, Sedat Koroglu
INTRODUCTION: Diabetic patients are susceptible to bacterial, viral and fungal infections because of various deficiencies in the immune system. AIM: To investigate a possible link between hepatitis B/C prevalence and microvascular complications as well as duration of diabetes. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In total 1263 diabetic patients (1149 type 2, 114 type 1) were enrolled in the study. The control group consisted of 1482 healthy blood donors who were over 40 years old...
2017: Przegla̜d Gastroenterologiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678865/transfusion-transmissible-viral-infections-among-blood-donors-at-the-north-gondar-district-blood-bank-northwest-ethiopia-a-three-year-retrospective-study
#8
Belete Biadgo, Elias Shiferaw, Berhanu Woldu, Kefyalew Addis Alene, Mulugeta Melku
BACKGROUND: Transfusion-transmissible viral infections, such as hepatitis C virus (HCV), hepatitis B virus (HBV), and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), remain a major public health problem in developing countries. The prevalence of these viral infections among blood donors may reflect the burden of these diseases among populations. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess the sero-prevalence of transfusion-transmissible viral infections among blood donors. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted using data obtained from registration books of blood donors from the Ethiopian North Gondar District Blood Bank from 2010 to 2012...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671283/low-prevalence-of-hepatitis-c-virus-rna-in-blood-donors-with-anti-hepatitis-c-virus-reactivity-in-rwanda
#9
Theogene Twagirumugabe, Gatare Swaibu, Tomas Bergström, Timothy David Walker, Jean Bosco Gahutu, Heléne Norder
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is the leading cause of severe liver disease worldwide and is highly endemic in Africa, where it often has nosocomial spread. Little is known on the HCV prevalence, risk for transfusion-transmitted HCV, and circulating genotypes in Rwanda. This study was performed to investigate the prevalence of anti-HCV among blood donors from all regions of the country and genetically characterize identified HCV strains. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Data on anti-HCV reactivity for all 45,061 Rwandan blood donations during 2014 were compiled...
July 3, 2017: Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666205/re-examining-blood-donor-deferral-criteria-relating-to-injecting-drug-use
#10
Brendan Quinn, Clive Seed, Anthony Keller, Lisa Maher, David Wilson, Michael Farrell, Sharon Caris, Jennifer Williams, Annie Madden, Alexander Thompson, Joanne Pink, Margaret E Hellard
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Potential Australian blood donors are deferred indefinitely if they report a history of injecting drug use (IDU), or for 12 months if they report having engaged in sexual activity with someone who might have ever injected. Given incremental improvements in blood safety, this study sought to examine whether Australia's IDU-related eligibility criteria reflected current scientific evidence, were consistent with international best practice and, if current IDU-related policies were to be changed, how this should happen...
June 27, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662105/discrepancies-in-prevalence-trends-for-hiv-hepatitis-b-virus-and-hepatitis-c-virus-in-haiphong-vietnam-from-2007-to-2012
#11
Azumi Ishizaki, Vuong Thi Tran, Cuong Hung Nguyen, Tomoaki Tanimoto, Huyen Thi Thanh Hoang, Hung Viet Pham, Chung Thi Thu Phan, Xiuqiong Bi, Thuc Van Pham, Hiroshi Ichimura
We previously reported a significant reduction in the prevalence of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV) from 2007 to 2012 in people who inject drugs (PWID; 35.9% to 18.5%, p < 0.001) and female sex workers (FSW; 23.1% to 9.8%, p < 0.05), but not in blood donors (BD) or pregnant women, in Haiphong, Vietnam. Our aim in the present study was to assess trends in the prevalence of infection with hepatitis B and C viruses (HBV and HCV, respectively). We also investigated the coinfection rates of HBV and HCV with HIV in the same groups...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639703/an-assessment-of-differences-in-costs-and-health-benefits-of-serology-and-nat-screening-of-donations-for-blood-transfusion-in-different-western-countries
#12
M P Janssen, M van Hulst, B Custer
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The cost-utility of safety interventions is becoming increasingly important as a driver of implementation decisions. The aim of this study was to compare the cost-utility of different blood screening strategies in various settings, and to analyse the extent and cause of differences in health economic results. MATERIALS AND METHODS: For eight Western countries (Australia, Canada, Denmark, Finland, France, The Netherlands, UK and the United States of America), data were collected on donor and recipient populations, blood products, screening tests, and on patient treatment practices and costs...
June 22, 2017: Vox Sanguinis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617960/low-prevalence-of-igg-antibodies-against-antigens-of-hev-genotypes-1-and-3-in-women-with-a-high-risk-pregnancy
#13
Héctor Baptista-González, Rocío Trueba-Gómez, Fanny Rosenfeld-Mann, Elsa Roque-Álvarez, Nahúm Méndez-Sánchez
The aim of the study was to assess whether high-risk pregnant women have a higher prevalence of HEV during the perinatal period. This was a cross-sectional study of 428 patients: Group 1, 127 women with a high-risk pregnancy; Group 2, 97 asymptomatic people with reactivity to HCV or HBV; Group 3, 94 patients with clinical symptoms suggestive of HEV infection; and Group 4, 110 healthy blood donors from an urban area of Mexico City. ELISA was used to measure antibody to HEV genotypes 1 and 3. The prevalence rates of anti-HEV IgG antibodies were 0...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Medical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597489/development-of-a-web-based-application-and-multicountry-analysis-framework-for-assessing-interdicted-infections-and-cost-utility-of-screening-donated-blood-for-hiv-hcv-and-hbv
#14
B Custer, M P Janssen, G Hubben, M Vermeulen, M van Hulst
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Most countries test donations for HIV, HCV and HBV using serology with or without nucleic acid testing (NAT). Cost-utility analyses provide information on the relative value of different screening options. The aim of this project was to develop an open access risk assessment and cost-utility analysis web-tool for assessing HIV, HCV and HBV screening options (http://www.isbtweb.org/working-parties/transfusion-transmitted-infectious-diseases/). An analysis for six countries (Brazil, Ghana, the Netherlands, South Africa, Thailand and USA) was conducted...
June 8, 2017: Vox Sanguinis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589643/residual-risk-of-transmission-of-human-immunodeficiency-virus-and-hepatitis-c-virus-infections-by-blood-transfusion-in-northern-brazil
#15
Priscilla Cristina Moura Vieira, Letícia Martins Lamarão, Carlos Eduardo de Melo Amaral, Angelita Silva de Miranda Corrêa, Maria Salete Maciel de Lima, Katarine Antônia Dos Santos Barile, Karine Lisboa Damasceno de Almeida, Vinicius de Albuquerque Sortica, André Salim Kayath, Rommel Mario Rodríguez Burbano
BACKGROUND: Nucleic acid test (NAT) blood screening for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) was introduced in northern Brazil in July 2012. There are several Brazilian articles that have evaluated transfusion transmission risks for HIV and HCV. However, to our knowledge, this article is the first to evaluate the impact of HIV and HCV NAT implementation for blood screening in northern Brazil. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and incidence rates of HIV and HCV among blood donors and to compare the residual risk of transfusion transmission of these infections, before (2009-2011) and after (2012-2014) NAT implementation...
August 2017: Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584455/hepatitis-c-virus-unnoticed-and-on-the-rise-in-blood-donor-screening-a-5-years-cross-sectional-study-on-seroprevalence-in-voluntary-blood-donors-from-central-india
#16
Purti Agrawal Saini, Preeti Rihal Chakrabarti, Amit V Varma, Shankhini Gambhir, Gargi Tignath, Priyanka Gupta
CONTEXT: The ultimate goal of a blood transfusion service is the provision of safe and adequate supply free from transfusion-transmitted infections (TTIs). TTIs not only threaten the recipient's safety, but they also increase disease burden. Seroprevalence of TTIs in healthy blood donors indirectly reflects the prevalence of these infections in the general healthy population. AIM AND OBJECTIVES: To study the seroprevalence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B virus (HBV), and hepatitis C virus (HCV) in healthy donors at a tertiary care hospital-based blood bank...
April 2017: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578937/active-hcv-infection-is-associated-with-increased-circulating-levels-of-interferon-gamma-ifn-%C3%AE-inducible-protein-10-ip-10-soluble-cd163-and-inflammatory-monocytes-regardless-of-liver-fibrosis-and-hiv-coinfection
#17
Claudia Mascia, Miriam Lichtner, Paola Zuccalà, Serena Vita, Tiziana Tieghi, Raffaella Marocco, Stefano Savinelli, Raffaella Rossi, Marco Iannetta, Michela Campagna, Francesco Schiavone, Fabio Mengoni, Gianluca Russo, Claudio Maria Mastroianni, Vincenzo Vullo
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Interferon-gamma (IFN-γ)-inducible protein-10 (IP-10), soluble (s) CD163 and sCD14 play an important role in the pathogenesis of HCV and HIV infection and are involved in inflammation and liver fibrosis. The aim of the present study was to evaluate at a single time point, plasma soluble biomarkers and inflammatory monocytes subsets in different groups of subjects: (i) HIV monoinfected patients on suppressive ART; (ii) HIV/HCV coinfected patients on ART, with undetectable HIV viremia (including either subjects who had active HCV replication or those who cleared HCV); (iii) HCV monoinfected individual with active viral replication...
May 31, 2017: Clinics and Research in Hepatology and Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571144/seroprevalence-and-trends-of-transfusion-transmissible-infections-in-blood-donors-in-andaman-and-nicobar-islands-an-institutional-retrospective-study
#18
Sahil Sehgal, P S Shaiji, Rupinder Kaur Brar
INTRODUCTION: Transfusion Transmissible Infections (TTIs) such as Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), Hepatitis B virus (HBV), Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) and syphilis pose a threat to blood safety in a developing country like India. AIM: To determine the prevalence of TTIs among healthy donors in Andaman and Nicobar Islands, India, and to further help in determination of the population subset to be focused on for enhancing blood donor pool. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective cross-sectional study was conducted on all voluntary and replacement donors in a tertiary health care centre in Andaman and Nicobar Islands for a period of three years...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28564127/impact-of-terlipressin-infusion-during-and-after-live-donor-liver-transplantation-on-incidence-of-acute-kidney-injury-and-neutrophil-gelatinase-associated-lipocalin-serum-levels-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Mohamed A Kandil, Khalid M Abouelenain, Ayman Alsebaey, Hanaa S Rashed, Mohamed H Afifi, Mohamed A Mahmoud, Khaled A Yassen
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Acute kidney injury (AKI) with liver transplantation (LT) is not uncommon. Impact of terlipressin infusion on AKI, hemodynamics, and plasma concentration of neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) was studied. METHODS: Patients (n=50) were randomized (NCT02059460, USA) into two equal groups: terlipressin vs Controls. Terlipressin (1-4 μg/kg/h) was administrated for 5 days. Intraoperative transesophageal Doppler for hemodynamic management...
May 31, 2017: Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555775/what-weighs-more-low-compliance-with-self-deferral-or-minor-medical-procedures-explaining-the-high-rate-of-hepatitis-c-virus-window-period-donations-in-poland
#20
Michal Czerwinski, Piotr Grabarczyk, Malgorzata Stepien, Dorota Kubicka-Russel, Katarzyna Tkaczuk, Ewa Brojer, Magdalena Rosinska
BACKGROUND: Since the introduction of nucleic acid testing (NAT) for routine blood donor screening, hepatitis C virus (HCV) RNA-only detection rates reported from Poland have been higher than in most other European countries. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: To examine factors that likely contribute to these window-period donations, we conducted a case-control study among 47 recently HCV-infected blood donors (cases), who gave blood between July 2002 and June 2014, and 141 controls matched by age, sex, and donation dates...
August 2017: Transfusion
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