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donor motivations

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394024/a-brief-motivational-interview-promotes-internal-motivation-to-donate-blood-among-young-adults-with-and-without-a-prior-donation-history
#1
Irina E Livitz, Kristen R Fox, Lina K Himawan, Christopher R France
BACKGROUND: Recruitment and retention of first-time and repeat donors is essential to maintain a stable blood supply. Recent evidence has shown that promoting internal motivation may be an effective strategy to enhance donation behavior. We tested the efficacy of an in-person motivational interview at increasing internal motivation and intention to donate. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: A sample of 219 donors and nondonors (69.4% female; mean ± SD age, 19.2 ± 1...
April 10, 2017: Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339737/a-novel-chronic-opioid-monitoring-tool-to-assess-prescription-drug-steady-state-levels-in-oral-fluid
#2
Naum Shaparin, Neel Mehta, Frank Kunkel, Richard Stripp, Damon Borg, Elizabeth Kolb
Objective. : Interpretation limitations of urine drug testing and the invasiveness of blood toxicology have motivated the desire for the development of simpler methods to assess biologically active drug levels on an individualized patient basis. Oral fluid is a matrix well-suited for the challenge because collections are based on simple noninvasive procedures and drug concentrations better correlate to blood drug levels as oral fluid is a filtrate of the blood. Well-established pharmacokinetic models were utilized to generate oral fluid steady state concentration ranges to assess the interpretive value of the alternative matrix to monitor steady state plasma oxycodone levels...
February 23, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336244/-commitment-in-plasmapheresis-donation-a-study-of-determinants-among-regular-donors-in-plasmapheresis
#3
S Delépine-Farvacques, Florence Terrade, B Danic, J-P Lebaudy
The purpose of this study, based on the Theory of planned behavior, is to identify and ultimately better understand what determines the fidelity and the regularity of donors committed in plasmapheresis donation. This qualitative study is a primary stage to establish a classification of donors in a French socio-cultural context. For this reason, we have carried out a survey among 16 regular plasmapheresis donors, by way of semi-structured individual interviews at the Établissement français du sang - Brittany...
March 20, 2017: Transfusion Clinique et Biologique: Journal de la Société Française de Transfusion Sanguine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286719/violence-exclusion-and-resilience-among-ivoirian-travestis
#4
Matthew Thomann, Robbie Corey-Boulet
Among sexual and gender minorities in Côte d'Ivoire, travestis are defined as individuals born anatomically male who live as women on a full- or part-time basis. Travestis encounter harsher stigmatization and violence than sexual minorities whose gender normativity allows them to avoid unwanted attention. Moreover, they have traditionally been underserved by Ivoirian sexual minority rights groups, who have worked to distance themselves from travestis, framing them as recklessly indiscreet. In this paper, we examine the extent to which travestis' isolation has lessened in the wake of the post-election violence that followed Côte d'Ivoire's 2010 presidential election...
2017: Critical African Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264142/using-body-donor-demographics-to-assist-the-implementation-of-donation-programs-in-brazil
#5
Andrea Oxley da Rocha, Deivis de Campos, Marco Aurélio Farina, Gabriel Sartori Pacini, Marina Cornelli Girotto, Arlete Hilbig
The use of human material in anatomy education depends upon the generosity of body donors. However, little is known regarding the demographics of body donors in Brazil, where voluntary body donation is a relatively rare phenomenon. Hence, the aim of the present study was to elucidate the demographic profile of applicants to the Body Donation Program (BDP) at the Federal University of Health Sciences of Porto Alegre in Brazil, as well as to assess whether the observed characteristics of body donors are unique to that sample, or if they merely reflect the characteristics of the regional population...
March 6, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260448/pathology-results-at-autopsy-in-brain-dead-patients-with-brain-tumors
#6
Farahnaz Sadegh Beigee, Shagin Shahryari, Meysam Mojtabaee, Mihan Pourabdollah Toutkaboni
OBJECTIVES: Brain tumors are the most challenging causes of brain deaths due to the lack of pathology results in many cases. It is not uncommon to find a brain tumor in a brain-dead patient with no pathology results or neuroradiology reports available; this would exclude the deceased from organ donation. The mortality that occurs while patients are on transplant wait lists motivated us to find a solution to prevent losing brain-dead patients as potential donors. We present our experiences in autopsy examinations of brain tumors and the results of frozen-section pathology...
February 2017: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260441/thirty-years-of-experience-at-the-first-tunisian-kidney-transplant-center
#7
Ezzedine Abderrahim, Asma Zammouri, Mohamed Mongi Bacha, Mondher Ounissi, Tahar Gargah, Hafedh Hedri, Riadh Ben Slama, Rafika Bardi, Mohamed Chebil, Taieb Ben Abdallah
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to report the results of 30 years of experience at the first kidney transplant center in Tunisia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All kidney transplants performed at the center between June 1986 and June 2016 were included. The study period was divided into 3 decades. Recipient and donor data and follow-up information were obtained from a local database and patient medical records. Comparative analyses were performed using the t test for continuous variables and the Χ² test for qualitative variables...
February 2017: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217590/partnerships-for-organizing-blood-donation-camp-an-experience-from-rural-north-india
#8
Shashi Kant, Sumit Malhotra, Farhad Ahamed, S Archana, Chandrakant S Pandav
BACKGROUND: Rural areas pose challenges for motivating villagers to donate blood. We organized a blood donation camp in a rural setting by engaging multiple stakeholders. We examined the factors that influenced blood donation. METHODS: Local level stakeholders were involved in planning of the camp. Mobilization of donors was attempted through intensive awareness generation activities utilizing multiple channels. A list of willing blood donors was prepared. RESULTS: Out of 152 willing donors, 88 reported to donation camp, and after screening, 67 donated the blood...
July 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209774/methyl-donor-supplementation-alters-cognitive-performance-and-motivation-in-female-offspring-from-high-fat-diet-fed-dams
#9
Sarah E McKee, Nicola M Grissom, Christopher T Herdt, Teresa M Reyes
During gestation, fetal nutrition is entirely dependent on maternal diet. Maternal consumption of excess fat during pregnancy has been linked to an increased risk of neurologic disorders in offspring, including attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder, autism, and schizophrenia. In a mouse model, high-fat diet (HFD)-fed offspring have cognitive and executive function deficits as well as whole-genome DNA and promoter-specific hypomethylation in multiple brain regions. Dietary methyl donor supplementation during pregnancy or adulthood has been used to alter DNA methylation and behavior...
February 16, 2017: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205437/surface-and-interface-engineering-of-noble-metal-free-electrocatalysts-for-efficient-energy-conversion-processes
#10
Yun Pei Zhu, Chunxian Guo, Yao Zheng, Shi-Zhang Qiao
Developing cost-effective and high-performance electrocatalysts for renewable energy conversion and storage is motivated by increasing concerns regarding global energy security and creating sustainable technologies dependent on inexpensive and abundant resources. Recent achievements in the design and synthesis of efficient non-precious-metal and even non-metal electrocatalysts make the replacement of noble metal counterparts for the hydrogen evolution reaction (HER), oxygen evolution reaction (OER), and oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) with earth-abundant elements, for example, C, N, Fe, Mn, and Co, a realistic possibility...
February 16, 2017: Accounts of Chemical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202136/foreign-aid-allocation-from-a-network-perspective-the-effect-of-global-ties
#11
Liam Swiss
This article examines competing explanations for foreign aid allocation on the global level and argues for a new approach to understanding aid from an institutionalist perspective. Using network data on all official bilateral aid relationships between countries in the period from 1975 through 2006 and data on recipient country ties to world society, the article offers an alternative explanation for the allocation of global foreign aid. Fixed effects negative binomial regression models on a panel sample of 117 developing countries reveal that global ties to world society in the form of non-governmental memberships and treaty ratifications are strong determinants of the network centrality of recipient countries in the global foreign aid network...
March 2017: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183618/evaluation-of-the-osteo-inductive-potential-of-hollow-three-dimensional-magnesium-strontium-substitutes-for-the-bone-grafting-application
#12
Mei Li, Xuan Yang, Weidan Wang, Yu Zhang, Peng Wan, Ke Yang, Yong Han
Regeneration of bone defects is a clinical challenge that usually necessitates bone grafting materials. Limited bone supply and donor site morbidity limited the application of autografting, and improved biomaterials are needed to match the performance of autografts. Osteoinductive materials would be the perfect candidates for achieving this task. Strontium (Sr) is known to encourage bone formation and also prevent osteoporosis. Such twin requirements have motivated researchers to develop Sr-substituted biomaterials for orthopedic applications...
April 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137771/experiences-and-motives-of-australian-single-mothers-by-choice-who-make-early-contact-with-their-child-s-donor-relatives
#13
Fiona J Kelly, Deborah J Dempsey
An increasing number of Australian parents of donor-conceived children are making contact with their child's donor relatives prior to their child reaching the age of majority. This process, often referred to as 'donor linking', can be achieved in Australia through either formal or informal mechanisms. Formal mechanisms exist in three states, each of which has legislation enabling donor linking in certain circumstances. Donor linking may also be achieved through informal mechanisms, such as online donor registries, social media searches, direct-to-consumer genetic testing, and fertility clinics which act as intermediaries between donors and recipients...
January 30, 2017: Medical Law Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28136000/altruism-or-obligation-the-motivations-and-experience-of-women-who-donate-oocytes-to-known-recipients-in-assisted-conception-treatment-an-interpretative-phenomenological-analysis-study
#14
Santanu Acharya, Louise Bryant, Maureen Twiddy
INTRODUCTION: This qualitative study was conducted to explore the motivations and experience of oocyte donors donating to women known to them. METHODS: Three women who donated oocytes to a close relative were interviewed and data were analysed using an Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis approach. RESULTS: The two key elements noted were "motivations for donation" and "coping with the consequences of oocyte donation". The motivation for donation was influenced by the familial bond that was strengthened by the donation process in some cases...
March 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078667/philanthropy-in-health-professions-education-research-determinants-of-success
#15
Robert Paul, Elisa Hollenberg, Brian D Hodges
CONTEXT: Fund-raising is a new practice in medical education research. OBJECTIVES: This qualitative study explores a cross-sectional analysis of philanthropy in medical education in Canada and Europe and identifies some common characteristics in the fund-raising system, key roles and characteristics of research sites that have had success. METHODS: Medical education research sites that had received donations greater than Can$100 000 were identified by searching publicly available sources...
January 11, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042200/adolescents-conceived-through-donor-insemination-in-mother-headed-families-a%C3%A2-qualitative-study-of-motivations-and-experiences-of-contacting-and-meeting-same-donor-offspring
#16
Sherina Persaud, Tabitha Freeman, Vasanti Jadva, Jenna Slutsky, Wendy Kramer, Miriam Steele, Howard Steele, Susan Golombok
This study interviewed adolescents conceived using sperm donation to examine their experiences of contacting and meeting 'same-donor offspring' (i.e. donor-conceived offspring raised in different families who share the same donor), their motivations for this contact, and how they make meaning of these relationships. This in-depth qualitative study involved semi-structured interviews with 23 young people aged 12-19 years (mean = 14 years). Interviewees were motivated by curiosity about their biological relations and by wanting to extend their family...
January 2017: Children & Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039304/allergen-valency-dose-and-fc%C3%AE%C2%B5ri-occupancy-set-thresholds-for-secretory-responses-to-pen-a-1-and-motivate-design-of-hypoallergens
#17
Avanika Mahajan, Lama A Youssef, Cédric Cleyrat, Rachel Grattan, Shayna R Lucero, Christopher P Mattison, M Frank Erasmus, Bruna Jacobson, Lydia Tapia, William S Hlavacek, Mark Schuyler, Bridget S Wilson
Ag-mediated crosslinking of IgE-FcεRI complexes activates mast cells and basophils, initiating the allergic response. Of 34 donors recruited having self-reported shrimp allergy, only 35% had significant levels of shrimp-specific IgE in serum and measurable basophil secretory responses to rPen a 1 (shrimp tropomyosin). We report that degranulation is linked to the number of FcεRI occupied with allergen-specific IgE, as well as the dose and valency of Pen a 1. Using clustered regularly interspaced palindromic repeat-based gene editing, human RBL(rαKO) cells were created that exclusively express the human FcεRIα subunit...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030474/therapeutic-benefits-of-the-methyl-donor-s-adenosylmethionine-on-nerve-injury-induced-mechanical-hypersensitivity-and-cognitive-impairment-in-mice
#18
Stéphanie Grégoire, Magali Millecamps, Lina Naso, Sonia Do Carmo, A Claudio Cuello, Moshe Szyf, Laura S Stone
Despite considerable advances in understanding mechanisms involved in chronic pain, effective treatment remains elusive. Comorbid conditions including anxiety, depression, and cognitive impairment further impact quality of life. Chronic pain is associated with reversible changes in brain anatomy and function and with long-term changes in gene expression. Epigenetic mechanisms, including DNA methylation, contribute to wide-spread and long-lasting reprogramming of gene expression. We previously reported decreases in global DNA methylation in the mouse frontal cortex 6 months after induction of neuropathic pain using the spared nerve injury (SNI) model...
May 2017: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017869/endosteal-like-extracellular-matrix-expression-on-melt-electrospun-written-scaffolds
#19
Maria Lourdes Muerza-Cascante, Ali Shokoohmand, Kiarash Khosrotehrani, David Haylock, Paul D Dalton, Dietmar W Hutmacher, Daniela Loessner
Tissue engineering technology platforms constitute a unique opportunity to integrate cells and extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins into scaffolds and matrices that mimic the natural microenvironment in vitro. The development of tissue-engineered 3D models that mimic the endosteal microenvironment enables researchers to discover the causes and improve treatments for blood and immune-related diseases. The aim of this study was to establish a physiologically relevant in vitro model using 3D printed scaffolds to assess the contribution of human cells to the formation of a construct that mimics human endosteum...
April 1, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989609/limbic-circuitry-activation-in-ethanol-withdrawal-is-regulated-by-a-chromosome-1-locus
#20
Kari J Buck, Gang Chen, Laura B Kozell
Physiological dependence and associated withdrawal episodes are thought to constitute a motivational force sustaining alcohol use/abuse and contributing to relapse in alcoholics. Although no animal model exactly duplicates alcoholism, models for specific factors, including the withdrawal syndrome, are useful for identifying potential genetic and neural determinants of liability in humans. We previously identified highly significant quantitative trait loci (QTLs) with large effects on predisposition to withdrawal after chronic and acute alcohol exposure in mice and mapped these loci to the same region of chromosome 1 (Alcdp1 and Alcw1, respectively)...
February 2017: Alcohol
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