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Ultrasound evaluation first trimester pregnancy complications

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162956/risk-assessment-at-11-14-week-antenatal-visit-a-tertiary-referral-center-experience-from-south-india
#1
Anusha Vellamkondu, Akhila Vasudeva, Rajeshwari G Bhat, Asha Kamath, Sapna V Amin, Lavanya Rai, Pratap Kumar
Background: Present study carried out in a tertiary referral hospital in South India attempts to determine the predictive value of integrated screening at 11-14-week antenatal visit. Objectives: To determine the detection rate of fetal abnormalities at 11-14 weeks and also to predict the placental dysfunction disorders based on early integrated evaluation. Method: Integrated screening performed on 440 women between 11 and 14 weeks, including detailed maternal history [medical history, bad obstetric history (BOH)], body mass index (BMI), mean arterial pressure (MAP), detailed ultrasound and maternal serum biochemistry as part of combined first-trimester screening for aneuploidy...
December 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119588/an-early-pregnancy-unit-in-the-united-states-an-effective-method-for-evaluating-first-trimester-pregnancy-complications
#2
Polina Rovner, Elaine Stickrath, Meredith Alston, Kirsten Lund
In the United Kingdom, early pregnancy assessment clinics have existed since the early 1990s and have become the reference standard for evaluating and treating women with first-trimester pregnancy complications. These units have now been established in many countries and have been found to be effective and efficient, saving money and unnecessary emergency department visits and hospital admissions. To our knowledge, no such model has been described in the United States. A PubMed search using a combination of "early pregnancy unit," "early pregnancy assessment clinic," and "United States," "U...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101986/acr-appropriateness-criteria-%C3%A2-multiple-gestations
#3
Phyllis Glanc, David A Nyberg, Nadia J Khati, Sandeep Prakash Deshmukh, Kika M Dudiak, Tara Lynn Henrichsen, Liina Poder, Thomas D Shipp, Lynn Simpson, Therese M Weber, Carolyn M Zelop
Women with twin or higher-order pregnancies will typically have more ultrasound examinations than women with a singleton pregnancy. Most women will have at minimum a first trimester scan, a nuchal translucency evaluation scan, fetal anatomy scan at 18 to 22 weeks, and one or more scans in the third trimester to evaluate growth. Multiple gestations are at higher risk for preterm delivery, congenital anomalies, fetal growth restriction, placenta previa, vasa previa, and velamentous cord insertion. Chorionicity and amnionicity should be determined as early as possible when a twin pregnancy is identified to permit triage of the monochorionic group into a closer surveillance model...
November 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096644/serum-periostin-levels-in-early-in-pregnancy-are-significantly-altered-in-women-with-miscarriage
#4
A Freis, J Schlegel, R J Kuon, A Doster, J Jauckus, T Strowitzki, A Germeyer
BACKGROUND: Miscarriage is a common complication in pregnancy and there is still a lack of biomarkers usable in asymptomatic patients before the event occurs. Periostin (PER), whose levels rise particularly during injury or inflammation, has been shown to play an important local role in implantation and early embryonic development. As PER has been described as a biomarker in various medical conditions we intended to evaluate if changes in PER serum levels may help to identify women at risk for spontaneous abortion in the first trimester...
November 2, 2017: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology: RB&E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948411/first-trimester-emergencies-a-radiologist-s-perspective
#5
REVIEW
Catherine H Phillips, Jeremy R Wortman, Elizabeth S Ginsburg, Aaron D Sodickson, Peter M Doubilet, Bharti Khurana
The purpose of this article is to help the practitioner ensure early diagnosis and response to emergencies in the first trimester by reviewing anatomy of the developing embryo, highlighting the sonographic appearance of common first-trimester emergencies, and discussing key management pathways for treating emergent cases. First-trimester fetal development is a stepwise process that can be challenging to evaluate in the emergency department (ED) setting. This is due, in part, to the complex anatomy of early pregnancy, subtlety of the sonographic findings, and the fact that fewer than half of patients with ectopic pregnancy present with the classic clinical findings of a positive pregnancy test, vaginal bleeding, pelvic pain, and tender adnexa...
September 25, 2017: Emergency Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859781/no-261-prenatal-screening-for-fetal-aneuploidy-in-singleton-pregnancies
#6
David Chitayat, Sylvie Langlois, R Douglas Wilson
OBJECTIVE: To develop a Canadian consensus document on maternal screening for fetal aneuploidy (e.g., Down syndrome and trisomy 18) in singleton pregnancies. OPTIONS: Pregnancy screening for fetal aneuploidy started in the mid 1960s, using maternal age as the screening test. New developments in maternal serum and ultrasound screening have made it possible to offer all pregnant patients a non-invasive screening test to assess their risk of having a fetus with aneuploidy to determine whether invasive prenatal diagnostic testing is necessary...
September 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723764/increased-nuchal-translucency-in-fetuses-with-a-normal-karyotype-diagnosis-and-management-an-observational-study
#7
Demetra Socolov, Razvan Socolov, Vlad Eusebiu Gorduza, Tudor Butureanu, Ruxandra Stanculescu, Alexandru Carauleanu, Ioana Pavaleanu
The use of nuchal translucency (NT) in 1992 by Nicolaides et al was a major breakthrough in screening for chromosomal aneuploidies at the end of the first trimester. However, pathological conditions other than chromosomal aneuploidies are also associated with increased NT, which can also be detected in normal fetuses. This study sought to evaluate the causes of this ultrasound sign in a group of patients from Iasi, Romania.During the decade-long study period, there were 71 certified cases involving increased NT; the patients in these cases underwent diagnostic amniocentesis and karyotyping...
July 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698954/principles-of-first-trimester-screening-in-the-age-of-non-invasive-prenatal-diagnosis-screening-for-other-major-defects-and-pregnancy-complications
#8
REVIEW
Karl Oliver Kagan, Jiri Sonek, Philipp Wagner, Markus Hoopmann
PURPOSE: First trimester risk assessment plays a major role in the contemporary pregnancy care. It has evolved significantly since its introduction in the 1990s when it essentially consisted of just the nuchal translucency measurement. Today, it involves the measurement of several biophysical and biochemical markers and can assess the risk for a wide array of major chromosomal and non-chromosomal defects as well as other pregnancy-related complications. METHODS: A search of the Medline and Embase databases was done looking for articles about first trimester screening...
October 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179200/laparoscopic-management-of-abdominal-pregnancy
#9
Francesco Cosentino, Cristiano Rossitto, Luigi Carlo Turco, Salvatore Gueli Alletti, Carmine Vascone, Lavinia Di Meglio, Giovanni Scambia, Mario Malzoni
OBJECTIVE: To illustrate the laparoscopic surgical management of a particular localization of extrauterine pregnancy misdiagnosed until 12 weeks gestational age, complicated by hemoperitoneum and abortion. DESIGN: Canadian Task Force III on the Periodic Health Examination's Levels of Evidence. SETTING: The prevalence of ectopic pregnancy among women presenting to an emergency department with first trimester bleeding, pain, or both ranges from 1% to 16% [1]...
July 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074461/acute-appendicitis-during-pregnancy-case-series-of-20-pregnant-women
#10
İlker Murat Arer, Songül Alemdaroğlu, Hasan Yeşilağaç, Hakan Yabanoğlu
BACKGROUND: Acute appendicitis (AA) is the most common cause of acute abdomen during pregnancy. Most of the signs of appendicitis are also found during normal pregnancy period, however, and diagnosis of appendicitis during pregnancy remains challenging. The aim of the current study was to report our clinical experience of AA during pregnancy and investigate optimal management of this difficult situation. METHODS: Records of 20 pregnant women with diagnosis of AA who underwent appendectomy between 2005 and 2015 were included in this study...
November 2016: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776483/induced-abortion-%C3%A2-impact-on-a%C3%A2-subsequent-pregnancy-in-first-time-mothers-a-registry-based-study
#11
Susanna Holmlund, Tommi Kauko, Jaakko Matomäki, Miia Tuominen, Juha Mäkinen, Päivi Rautava
BACKGROUND: To date, several studies concerning the effects of induced abortion (IA) on women's later psychosocial well-being and future delivery complications have been published. However, the lack of reports on woman's physical well-being during their first full-term pregnancy occurring after IA is what inspired the current study. Here, we evaluate the physical well-being and use of maternity services of first-time mothers with a history of IA. METHODS: Finnish National Birth Registry data from 2008 to 2010 were linked with the Induced Abortion Registry data from 1983 to 2007...
October 24, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27720100/ultrasound-evaluation-of-first-trimester-complications-of-pregnancy
#12
Lucie Morin, Yvonne M Cargill, Phyllis Glanc
OBJECTIVE: OUTCOMES:: EVIDENCE: A MEDLINE search and review of bibliographies identified articles was conducted. VALUES: The evidence collected was reviewed by the Diagnostic Imaging Committee of the Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada. The recommendations were made according to the guidelines developed by The Canadian Task Force on Preventive Health Care (Table 1). BENEFITS, HARMS, AND COSTS: Women presenting with first trimester bleeding may be incorrectly diagnosed with a missed abortion, may have an ectopic pregnancy overlooked, or may be inappropriately reassured about viability...
October 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27493885/a-2015-italian-survey-of-clinical-practice-patterns-in-the-management-of-graves-disease-comparison-with-european-and-north-american-surveys
#13
Roberto Negro, Roberto Attanasio, Franco Grimaldi, Rinaldo Guglielmi, Enrico Papini
BACKGROUND: Patients suffering from Graves' disease (GD) are quite frequent in endocrine clinical practice. In particular, overt hyperthyroidism may be complicated by serious adverse events and requires careful treatment, but its management has changed over the years in both the USA and European Union (EU). OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the current diagnosis and management of patient's with GD in Italy, and compare results with those obtained in previous similar surveys in the USA and EU...
July 2016: European Thyroid Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27430153/adverse-fetal-outcome-is-first-trimester-ultrasound-and-doppler-better-predictor-than-biomarkers
#14
Manisha Kumar, Shalini Singh, Karuna Sharma, Ritu Singh, V Ravi, J Bhattacharya
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the predictive value of first trimester biomarkers and ultrasound in determining adverse fetal outcomes in a low risk Asian population. MATERIAL AND METHOD: All low risk, singleton pregnancies between 11 and 14 weeks gestation underwent ultrasound with uterine artery Doppler along with PAPP-A and free β-hCG estimation, and were followed till delivery to observe the outcome. The adverse fetal outcomes detected were structural anomaly, aneuploidy, intrauterine growth restriction, preterm birth and stillbirth (SB)...
June 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27235914/inverted-pyramid-of-care
#15
REVIEW
Jiri D Sonek, Karl Oliver Kagan, Kypros H Nicolaides
First-trimester pregnancy evaluation using fetal and maternal parameters not only allows for diagnoses to be made early in gestation but can also assess the risk of complications that become clinically evident later in pregnancy. This evaluation makes it possible for pregnancy care to be individualized. In select cases, treatment that reduces the risk of complications can be started early in pregnancy. Even though cell free DNA is a significant advance in diagnosing fetal aneuploidy, the combination of first-trimester ultrasound and maternal serum biochemistries casts a much wider diagnostic net; therefore, the 2 technologies are best used in combination...
June 2016: Clinics in Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26924421/ultrasound-based-gestational-age-estimation-in-late-pregnancy
#16
MULTICENTER STUDY
A T Papageorghiou, B Kemp, W Stones, E O Ohuma, S H Kennedy, M Purwar, L J Salomon, D G Altman, J A Noble, E Bertino, M G Gravett, R Pang, L Cheikh Ismail, F C Barros, A Lambert, Y A Jaffer, C G Victora, Z A Bhutta, J Villar
OBJECTIVE: Accurate gestational-age (GA) estimation, preferably by ultrasound measurement of fetal crown-rump length before 14 weeks' gestation, is an important component of high-quality antenatal care. The objective of this study was to determine how GA can best be estimated by fetal ultrasound for women who present for the first time late in pregnancy with uncertain or unknown menstrual dates. METHODS: INTERGROWTH-21(st) was a large, prospective, multicenter, population-based project performed in eight geographically defined urban populations...
December 2016: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26311451/-maternal-and-fetal-outcomes-with-aortic-dissection-in-pregnant-patients-with-marfan-syndrome
#17
Puyu Yang, Jun Zhang, Yanna Li, Hui Wang, Jun Zheng
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical characteristics of aortic dissection in pregnant patients with Marfan syndrome and the maternal and fetal outcomes in cardiovascular surgery. METHODS: Seven pregnant women with Marfan syndrome with aortic dissection were identified, who were treated in Beijing Anzhen Hospital Affiliated to Capital Medical University between January 2012 and September 2014. Patient charts were reviewed for cardiovascular surgery, occurrence of complications, clinical features and the maternal and fetal outcomes...
May 2015: Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26255004/a-rare-case-of-first-trimester-ruptured-bicornuate-uterus-in-a-primigravida
#18
Ashraf F Hefny, Fathima T Kunhivalappil, Ritu Nambiar, Masoud O Bashir
INTRODUCTION: Bicornuate uterus (BU) is a rare uterine anomaly result from incomplete fusion of the two Müllerian ducts during embryogenesis. BU very rarely can lead to rupture of the uterus during the early pregnancy with high mortality and morbidity rates. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A primigravida in the first trimester (9 weeks) presented complaining of epigastric pain and vomiting for one day. Ultrasound scan was performed at the 7th week of pregnancy and showed a BU with single intrauterine gestational sac in the right horn...
2015: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26254150/maximum-peak-systolic-velocity-and-management-of-highly-vascularized-retained-products-of-conception
#19
Thierry Van den Bosch, Dominique Van Schoubroeck, Dirk Timmerman
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate blood loss and procedure-related complications during and after surgical removal of retained products of conception with high-velocity enhanced myometrial vascularity. METHODS: We conducted a prospective study of 18 consecutive women with a diagnosis of retained products of conception and enhanced myometrial vascularity, with a peak systolic velocity (PSV) higher than 60 cm/s. All underwent ultrasound-guided surgical removal of the retained products under general anesthesia...
September 2015: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26090245/primary-fallopian-tube-clear-cell-adenocarcinoma-in-pregnancy-case-presentation-and-review-of-the-literature
#20
Mohammed Malak, Stephanie Klam
Primary fallopian tube cancer in pregnancy is rare and is even more so for the clear cell variant. Our case is the third case of primary fallopian tube cancer in pregnancy and the first case of clear cell adenocarcinoma of the fallopian tube in pregnancy. The patient presented with increasing pelvic pain starting in the second trimester. Serial ultrasound evaluations were performed and revealed a rapidly growing complex adnexal mass adjacent to the uterus. Her pregnancy was further complicated by spontaneous preterm labor and she delivered prematurely per vaginam at 31 weeks...
2015: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
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