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First trimester bleeding ultrasound evaluation

Francesco Cosentino, Cristiano Rossitto, Luigi Carlo Turco, Salvatore Gueli Alletti, Carmine Vascone, Lavinia Di Meglio, Giovanni Scambia, Mario Malzoni
CASE REPORT OBJECTIVE: To show the surgical management in laparoscopy of a particular localization of an extra-uterine pregnancy misunderstood until 12 week of EG complicated by hemoperitoneum and abortion. BACKGROUND: The prevalence of ectopic pregnancy among women who go to an emergency department with first trimester bleeding, pain, or both ranges from 1 to 16 percent [1]. The most common localization of ectopic pregnancy are the Fallopian tubes while abdominal pregnancy represent at least 1 percent of extra-uterine pregnancies...
February 4, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
E Mausner Geffen, C Slywotzky, G Bennett
Women of reproductive age with pelvic pain, vaginal bleeding, and a positive pregnancy test often require evaluation with pelvic ultrasound. In these situations, the primary role of pelvic ultrasound is to differentiate an ectopic pregnancy from either a normal or abnormal intrauterine pregnancy. While an accurately performed and interpreted pelvic ultrasound results in rapid diagnosis and management, numerous diagnostic pitfalls can lead to negative outcomes. Therefore, familiarity with the appropriate laboratory tests, sonographic technique, and imaging features of ectopic pregnancy is essential for all radiologists...
January 31, 2017: Abdominal Radiology
Mallory Hughes, Andrew Lupo, Adrianne Browning
Ectopic pregnancy is commonly seen as a differential diagnosis of first-trimester vaginal bleeding. Often the diagnosis is made based on a combination of exam findings, transvaginal ultrasound, and a positive pregnancy test. Our case describes a patient with a history of ectopic pregnancy treated with methotrexate and serial human chorionic gonadotropin measurements that were decreasing appropriately. At the time of evaluation, her urine pregnancy test was negative; however, she was confirmed to have a ruptured tubal ectopic pregnancy...
January 2017: Proceedings of the Baylor University Medical Center
S Tercanli, F Prüfer
Both in routine diagnostics and detailed, highly specialized workups, major advances have been observed in many areas of ultrasound due to an increase in expertise and improved technology in recent years. This is particularly true in the case of fetal neurosonography 1 2 3 4. Malformations of the CNS together with fetal heart defects are among the most common congenital anomalies. From the embryonic phase to the late third trimester, the CNS undergoes extensive development and maturation processes. The diagnosis of CNS anomalies is therefore primarily dependent on the time at which the examination is performed and the experience of the examiner...
December 2016: Ultraschall in der Medizin
Lucie Morin, Yvonne M Cargill, Phyllis Glanc
OBJECTIVE: OUTCOMES:: EVIDENCE: A MEDLINE search and review of bibliographies identified articles was conducted. VALUES: The evidence collected was reviewed by the Diagnostic Imaging Committee of the Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada. The recommendations were made according to the guidelines developed by The Canadian Task Force on Preventive Health Care (Table 1). BENEFITS, HARMS, AND COSTS: Women presenting with first trimester bleeding may be incorrectly diagnosed with a missed abortion, may have an ectopic pregnancy overlooked, or may be inappropriately reassured about viability...
October 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
John W Hall, Nicolas Denne, Joseph J Minardi, Debra Williams, B J Balcik
BACKGROUND: Early pregnancy complaints in emergency medicine are common. Emergency physicians (EP) increasingly employ ultrasound (US) in the evaluation of these complaints. As a result, it is likely that rare and important diagnoses will be encountered. We report a case of fetal anencephaly diagnosed by bedside emergency US in a patient presenting with first-trimester vaginal bleeding. CASE REPORT: A 33-year-old patient at 10 weeks gestation presented with vaginal bleeding...
July 2016: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
Melissa Lavecchia, Haim A Abenhaim
OBJECTIVE: Women with failure of an early pregnancy and a gestational age of <8 weeks are considered good candidates for medical management. The purpose of our study was to evaluate the effect of menstrual age on the outcome of medical management in women with loss of a pregnancy at an estimated gestational age<8 weeks by ultrasound (US). METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of all women discharged from the emergency department (ED) between 2011 and 2013 with a diagnosis of early pregnancy failure who were managed with misoprostol and who had a gestational age of <8 weeks on US...
July 2015: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
Thierry Van den Bosch, Dominique Van Schoubroeck, Dirk Timmerman
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate blood loss and procedure-related complications during and after surgical removal of retained products of conception with high-velocity enhanced myometrial vascularity. METHODS: We conducted a prospective study of 18 consecutive women with a diagnosis of retained products of conception and enhanced myometrial vascularity, with a peak systolic velocity (PSV) higher than 60 cm/s. All underwent ultrasound-guided surgical removal of the retained products under general anesthesia...
September 2015: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
Antonio Maiorana, Domenico Incandela, Laura Giambanco, Walter Alio, Luigi Alio
Pregnancy, the implantation of a fertilized ovum outside the endometrial cavity, occurs in 1.5%-2% of pregnancies. It is one of the major causes (about 6%) of maternal death during the first trimester of pregnancy. The remaining 5% implant in the ovary, peritoneal cavity, within the cervix, and the omental pregnancy is the least common form of abdominal pregnancies. A review of the literature on Medline for the period 1958-2012 reported only 16 cases of omental pregnancy. Here we report a case of primary omental pregnancy in a nulliparous woman...
2014: Pan African Medical Journal
Fernanda S Mazzariol, Jeffrey Roberts, Sarah K Oh, Zina Ricci, Mordecai Koenigsberg, Marjorie W Stein
Ultrasound is the primary imaging modality used in the evaluation of first-trimester vaginal bleeding and pelvic pain. This article will summarize the ultrasound findings in normal first-trimester pregnancy, failed pregnancy, ectopic pregnancy, subchorionic hemorrhage, retained products of conception, and gestational trophoblastic disease. Mastery of the spectrum of sonographic findings in the normal and abnormal first-trimester pregnancy allows the radiologist to make accurate diagnoses and helps to appropriately guide patient management...
March 2015: Clinical Imaging
S French, T Henry, E W Williams
BACKGROUND: Pregnant female patients with vaginal bleeding in the first trimester are seen commonly in the Emergency Department (ED) at the University Hospital of the West Indies (UHWI), Kingston, Jamaica. The protocol for the management of these patients requires that they have a sonographic evaluation performed for the purpose of localizing the pregnancy where possible, to assist with determining the risk for an ectopic pregnancy. The ultrasound examinations are performed in the radiology department...
June 2014: West Indian Medical Journal
Stefano Zucchini, Elena Marra
Several surgical and/or medical emergencies/urgencies may occur in gynecologic patients and in pregnant women during the first trimester. Particularly, ectopic pregnancies, ruptured or hemorrhagic ovarian cysts, ovarian or adnexal torsions, threatened or inevitable miscarriages, phlogistic gynecological disorders, complications involving the uterine fibroids, endometriosis, and spontaneous uterine rupture are possible acute complications. The diagnosis is suspected on the basis of symptoms (acute pelvic and/or abdominal pain, with or without vaginal bleeding or discharge, until acute abdomen with peritonitis), by means physical evaluation (abdominal, pelvic, and bimanual gynecological examinations), by means of transabdominal (TAS) and/or transvaginal (TVS) sonography, and laboratory tests...
March 2014: Journal of Ultrasound
V Soldo, N Cutura, M Zamurovic
BACKGROUND: Vaginal bleeding during the first half of pregnancy occurs in approximately 25% of women and about half of these pregnancies terminate in abortion. In many instances a retrochorial hematoma (RCH) is sonographically found. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to determine the frequency of a RCH in the group of threatened miscarriages and to examine the possible relationship of parity, previous miscarriages, hematoma size and localization, and duration of vaginal bleeding to pregnancy outcome...
2013: Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics & Gynecology
Kerri Layman, Michael Antonis, Jonathan E Davis
Background. Bedside sonography performed by emergency physicians is frequently utilized for real-time clinical decision-making in the emergency department (ED) setting. This includes the sonographic evaluation of pain or bleeding in the first trimester of pregnancy. The detection of intrauterine pregnancy (IUP) or life-threatening conditions, including ectopic pregnancy, is critical. Objectives. This paper will review several important pearls and avoidable pitfalls of this diagnostic modality by brief presentation of illustrative cases followed by discussion of key principles...
2013: Emergency Medicine International
S Guha, V Van Belle, C Bottomley, J Preisler, V Vathanan, A Sayasneh, C Stalder, D Timmerman, T Bourne
STUDY QUESTION: Does a logistic regression model and scoring system to predict viability of an intrauterine pregnancy of uncertain viability (PUV) perform as well in an independent patient group as the original patient group? SUMMARY ANSWER: The model and scoring system showed good performance on external validation confirming their value for the prediction of miscarriage/viability in PUV patients up to 11-14 weeks of gestation. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Several individual ultrasound and demographic factors have been described as predictors for miscarriage...
November 2013: Human Reproduction
Barton F Lane, Jade J Wong-You-Cheong, Marcia C Javitt, Phyllis Glanc, Douglas L Brown, Theodore Dubinsky, Mukesh G Harisinghani, Robert D Harris, Nadia J Khati, Donald G Mitchell, Pari V Pandharipande, Harpreet K Pannu, Anne E Podrasky, Thomas D Shipp, Cary Lynn Siegel, Lynn Simpson, Darci J Wall, Carolyn M Zelop
Vaginal bleeding is not uncommon in the first trimester of pregnancy. Ultrasound is the foremost modality for evaluating normal development of the gestational sac and embryo and for discriminating the causes of bleeding. While correlation with quantitative βHCG and clinical presentation is essential, sonographic criteria permit diagnosis of failed pregnancies, ectopic pregnancy, gestational trophoblastic disease and spontaneous abortion. The American College of Radiology Appropriateness Criteria guidelines have been updated to incorporate recent data...
June 2013: Ultrasound Quarterly
Jennifer Oates, Ishwari Casikar, Anna Campain, Samuel Müller, Jean Yang, Shannon Reid, George Condous
OBJECTIVE: The aim was to develop a new model to predict the outcome at the end of the 1st trimester after a single visit to the early pregnancy unit (EPU). METHODS: Prospective observational study in the EPU at Nepean Hospital, between November 2006 and February 2009. Data were collected from all women in the 1st trimester of their pregnancy who had a live intrauterine pregnancy (IUP) at the 1st transvaginal ultrasound scan (TVS). 29 historical, clinical and ultrasound end points were recorded...
February 2013: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
Sigrid A Hahn, Eric J Lavonas, Sharon E Mace, Anthony M Napoli, Francis M Fesmire
This clinical policy from the American College of Emergency Physicians is the revision of the 2003 Clinical Policy: Critical Issues in the Initial Evaluation and Management of Patients Presenting to the Emergency Department in Early Pregnancy.(1) A writing subcommittee reviewed the literature to derive evidence-based recommendations to help clinicians answer the following critical questions: (1) Should the emergency physician obtain a pelvic ultrasound in a clinically stable pregnant patient who presents to the emergency department (ED) with abdominal pain and/or vaginal bleeding and a beta human chorionic gonadotropin (β-hCG) level below a discriminatory threshold? (2) In patients who have an indeterminate transvaginal ultrasound, what is the diagnostic utility of β-hCG for predicting possible ectopic pregnancy? (3) In patients receiving methotrexate for confirmed or suspected ectopic pregnancy, what are the implications for ED management? Evidence was graded and recommendations were developed based on the strength of the available data in the medical literature...
September 2012: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Ping Sun, Dian-ning Dong
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical features, diagnostic methods and treatment of venous thromboembolic disease (VTE) during pregnancy. METHODS: From June 2006 to June 2011, a total of 20 pregnant women were diagnosed VTE at the Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Qilu Hospital of Shandong University. Clinical data of these patients were analyzed retrospectively. RESULTS: (1) Characteristics of patients:the symptoms of all the 20 patients commenced in pregnancy...
December 2011: Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke za Zhi
Caitlin Bailey, Jennifer Carnell, Farnaz Vahidnia, Sachita Shah, Michael Stone, Mickeye Adams, Arun Nagdev
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to evaluate the accuracy of emergency providers (EPs) of various levels of training in determination of gestational age (GA) in pregnant patients using bedside ultrasound measurement of crown-rump length (CRL). METHODS: We conducted a prospective, cross-sectional, observational study of patients in obstetrical care at an urban county hospital. We enrolled a convenience sample of women at 6 to 14 weeks gestation as estimated by last menstrual period...
October 2012: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
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