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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073040/the-application-of-the-interpersonal-psychological-theory-of-suicide-to-a-sample-of-swiss-patients-attending-a-psychiatric-emergency-department-for-a-non-lethal-suicidal-event
#1
Marc Baertschi, Alessandra Costanza, Hélène Richard-Lepouriel, Maurizio Pompili, François Sarasin, Kerstin Weber, Alessandra Canuto
BACKGROUND: Visits to emergency departments (EDs) for suicidal ideation or a suicide attempt have increased in the past decades. Yet comprehensive models of suicide are scarce, potentially enhancing misunderstandings from health professionals. This study aimed to investigate the applicability of the interpersonal-psychological theory of suicide (IPTS) in a population visiting EDs for suicide-related issues. METHODS: Three major hypotheses formulated by the IPTS were tested in a sample of 167 individuals visiting EDs for suicidal ideation or a suicide attempt...
January 3, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056201/predictors-of-and-trends-in-high-intensity-end-of-life-care-among-children-with-cancer-a-population-based-study-using-health-services-data
#2
Alisha Kassam, Rinku Sutradhar, Kimberley Widger, Adam Rapoport, Jason D Pole, Katherine Nelson, Joanne Wolfe, Craig C Earle, Sumit Gupta
Purpose Children with cancer often receive high-intensity (HI) medical care at the end-of-life (EOL). Previous studies have been limited to single centers or lacked detailed clinical data. We determined predictors of and trends in HI-EOL care by linking population-based clinical and health-services databases. Methods A retrospective decedent cohort of patients with childhood cancer who died between 2000 and 2012 in Ontario, Canada, was assembled using a provincial cancer registry and linked to population-based health-care data...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28041612/evaluation-of-a-routine-follow-up-visit-after-an-internal-fixation-of-proximal-femoral-fracture
#3
Joonas Mm Kuorikoski, Tim P Söderlund
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Post-operative follow-up after internal fixation of fractures is a common practice. The goal of this study was to evaluate the necessity of a routine follow-up visit after internal fixation of a proximal femoral fracture. Our hypothesis is that these follow-up visits do not result in a change in the treatment plan, but add an extra cost to the health care system and lead to the purposeless utilisation of limited resources. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective study of 428 consecutive patients (431 fractures) with a scheduled outpatient clinic visit after internal fixation of proximal femoral fractures in a single hospital during years 2012-2013...
December 23, 2016: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035037/evaluation-of-a-care-transition-program-with-pharmacist-provided-home-based-medication-review-for-elderly-singaporeans-at-high-risk-of-readmissions
#4
McVin Hua Heng Cheen, Chong Ping Goon, Wan Chee Ong, Paik Shia Lim, Choon Nam Wan, Mei Yan Leong, Giat Yeng Khee
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine whether pharmacist-provided home-based medication review (HBMR) can reduce readmissions in the elderly. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Patient's home. PARTICIPANTS: Records of patients referred to a care transition program from March 2011 through March 2015 were reviewed. Patients aged 60 years and older taking more than 5 medications and had at least 2 unplanned admissions within 3 months preceding the first home visit were included...
December 29, 2016: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025766/safety-of-cardioversion-in-atrial-fibrillation-lasting-less-than-48%C3%A2-h-without-post-procedural-anticoagulation-in-patients-at-low-cardioembolic-risk
#5
Andrea Tampieri, Valentina Cipriano, Fabrizio Mucci, Anna Maria Rusconi, Tiziano Lenzi, Patrizia Cenni
Currently, there is no unified consensus on short-term anticoagulation after cardioversion of atrial fibrillation lasting less than 48 h in low-cardioembolic-risk patients. The aim of this study is to evaluate the rate of transient ischemic attacks, stroke and death in this subset of patients after cardioversion without post-procedural anticoagulation. In a prospective observational study, patients with recent-onset AF undergoing cardioversion attempts in the Emergency Department were evaluated over the past 3 years...
December 26, 2016: Internal and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005123/addressing-the-opioid-epidemic-with-multimodal-pain-management
#6
Michael A Kelly
The opioid epidemic has become a national public health and safety problem affecting both adults and adolescents. There is little doubt that this epidemic is rooted in the need for pain control after surgery and that orthopedic surgeons have in part contributed to opioid overprescription. Indeed, opioid abuse, misuse, and diversion are associated with increased hospitalizations, emergency department visits, and associated health care costs. In addition, postoperative exposure to opioids correlates with long-term use and abuse...
November 2016: American Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989992/adverse-outcomes-in-older-adults-attending-emergency-departments-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-the-identification-of-seniors-at-risk-isar-screening-tool
#7
Rose Galvin, Yannick Gilleit, Emma Wallace, Gráinne Cousins, Manon Bolmer, Timothy Rainer, Susan M Smith, Tom Fahey
BACKGROUND: older adults are frequent users of emergency services and demonstrate high rates of adverse outcomes following emergency care. OBJECTIVE: to perform a systematic review and meta-analysis of the Identification of Seniors At Risk (ISAR) screening tool, to determine its predictive value in identifying adults ≥65 years at risk of functional decline, unplanned emergency department (ED) readmission, emergency hospitalisation or death within 180 days after index ED visit/hospitalisation...
December 17, 2016: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932362/predicting-functional-decline-in-older-emergency-patients-the-safe-elderly-emergency-discharge-seed-project
#8
Judy A Lowthian, Lahn D Straney, Caroline A Brand, Anna Barker, P de Villiers Smit, Harvey Newnham, Peter Hunter, Cathie Smith, Peter A Cameron
OBJECTIVE: to profile the trajectory of, and risk factors for, functional decline in older patients in the 30 days following Emergency Department (ED) discharge. METHODS: prospective cohort study of community-dwelling patients aged ≥65 years, discharged home from a metropolitan Melbourne ED, 31 July 2012 to 30 November 2013. The primary outcome was functional decline, comprising either increased dependency in personal activities of daily living (ADL) or in skills required for living independently instrumental ADL (IADL), deterioration in cognitive function, nursing home admission or death...
December 7, 2016: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912982/should-recommendations-about-starting-inhaled-corticosteroid-treatment-for-mild-asthma-be-based-on-symptom-frequency-a-post-hoc-efficacy-analysis-of-the-start-study
#9
Helen K Reddel, William W Busse, Søren Pedersen, Wan C Tan, Yu-Zhi Chen, Carin Jorup, Dan Lythgoe, Paul M O'Byrne
BACKGROUND: Low-dose inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) are highly effective for reducing asthma exacerbations and mortality. Conventionally, ICS treatment is recommended for patients with symptoms on more than 2 days per week, but this criterion has scant evidence. We aimed to assess the validity of the previous symptom-based cutoff for starting ICS by establishing whether there was a differential response to budesonide versus placebo for severe asthma exacerbations, lung function, and asthma symptom control across subgroups identified by baseline asthma symptom frequency...
January 14, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880003/association-of-multimorbidity-with-mortality-and-healthcare-utilization-in-chronic-kidney-disease
#10
C Barrett Bowling, Laura Plantinga, Lawrence S Phillips, William McClellan, Katharina Echt, Neale Chumbler, Gerald McGwin, Ann Vandenberg, Richard M Allman, Theodore M Johnson
OBJECTIVES: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) almost universally occurs in individuals with other medical problems. However, few studies have described CKD-related multimorbidity using a framework that identifies chronic conditions as concordant (having overlap in treatment goals) versus discordant (having opposing treatment recommendations) and unrelated (having no overlap, but contributing to complexity via different resource requirements). DESIGN: Retrospective cohort...
November 23, 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873299/using-the-manchester-triage-system-for-refusing-nonurgent-patients-in-the-emergency-department-a-30-day-outcome-study
#11
Roger Daglius Dias, Izabel Cristina Rios, Carlos Luis Benites Canhada, Maria Dolores Galinanes Otero Fernandes, Leila Suemi Harima Letaif, Eloisa Bonfá, Maria Beatriz Moliterno Perondi
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the long-term outcomes and satisfaction of nonurgent patients who seek care in the emergency department (ED) and are diverted to primary health services (PHS). METHODS: Data were collected from 264 nonurgent patients diverted from the ED of a tertiary public university hospital in São Paulo, Brazil. The nonurgent patient definition was performed by Manchester triage system version II (MTS-II) associated to medical interview in the triage service...
September 2016: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814387/volume-matters-improved-outcomes-for-patients-presenting-to-high-volume-emergency-departments-with-atrial-flutter-and-fibrillation
#12
Rhonda J Rosychuk, Michelle M Graham, Brian R Holroyd, Brian H Rowe
OBJECTIVES: Clinical familiarity plays a role in health outcomes; the relationship between emergency department (ED) volume and outcomes for atrial fibrillation and flutter (AFF) are not clear. We compared ED presentation outcomes for AFF between high (HV) and low volume (LV) EDs in Alberta, Canada. METHODS: 45,372 AFF presentations for patients aged ≥ 35 years from all 104 EDs in Alberta during 1999 to 2011 using administrative health databases formed a retrospective cohort...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802953/prognostic-importance-of-sleep-quality-in-patients-with-heart-failure
#13
Kyoung Suk Lee, Terry A Lennie, Seongkum Heo, Eun Kyeung Song, Debra K Moser
BACKGROUND: Poor sleep quality is common and is associated with poor quality of life and health status in patients with heart failure. However, few investigators have focused on the impact of impaired sleep quality on survival in heart failure. OBJECTIVE: To examine whether self-reported sleep quality is associated with prognosis in patients with heart failure. METHODS: The study sample consisted of 204 patients with heart failure. Sleep quality was measured with the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index...
November 2016: American Journal of Critical Care: An Official Publication, American Association of Critical-Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777926/effects-of-the-west-africa-ebola-virus-disease-on-health-care-utilization-a-systematic-review
#14
Kim J Brolin Ribacke, Dell D Saulnier, Anneli Eriksson, Johan von Schreeb
Significant efforts were invested in halting the recent Ebola virus disease outbreak in West Africa. Now, studies are emerging on the magnitude of the indirect health effects of the outbreak in the affected countries, and the aim of this study is to systematically assess the results of these publications. The methodology for this review adhered to the Prisma guidelines for systematic reviews. A total of 3354 articles were identified for screening, and while 117 articles were read in full, 22 studies were included in the final review...
2016: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27764078/notes-from-the-field-pediatric-emergency-department-visits-for-buprenorphine-naloxone-ingestion-united-states-2008-2015
#15
Daniel S Budnitz, Maribeth C Lovegrove, Mathew R P Sapiano, Justin Mathew, Scott R Kegler, Andrew I Geller, Christian Hampp
Expanding access to office-based medication-assisted treatment with buprenorphine/naloxone for opioid dependence is a key part of the national strategy to address the opioid abuse epidemic (1). However, as buprenorphine/naloxone prescribing increased, emergency department (ED) visits and hospitalizations for unsupervised ingestions by young children began to increase, with buprenorphine/naloxone ingestions becoming the most common cause of hospitalization for medication ingestions by young children during 2010-2011 (2)...
October 21, 2016: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752603/preventable-trauma-death-rate-in-daegu-south-korea
#16
Sungbae Moon, Suk Hee Lee, Hyun Wook Ryoo, Jong Kun Kim, Jae Yun Ahn, Sung Jin Kim, Jae Cheon Jeon, Kyung Woo Lee, Ae Jin Sung, Yun Jeong Kim, Dae Ro Lee, Byung Soo Do, Sin Ryul Park, Jin-Seok Lee
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the preventable death rate in Daegu, South Korea, and assessed affecting factors and preventable factors in order to improve the treatment of regional trauma patients. METHODS: All traumatic deaths between January 2012 and December 2012 in 5 hospitals in Daegu were analyzed by panel review, which were classified into preventable and non-preventable deaths. We determined the factors affecting trauma deaths and the preventable factors during trauma care...
December 2015: Clinical and Experimental Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27751901/30-day-readmissions-after-an-acute-kidney-injury-hospitalization
#17
Samuel A Silver, Ziv Harel, Eric McArthur, Danielle M Nash, Rey Acedillo, Abhijat Kitchlu, Amit X Garg, Glenn M Chertow, Chaim M Bell, Ron Wald
BACKGROUND: The risk of hospital readmission in acute kidney injury survivors is not well understood. We estimated the proportion of acute kidney injury patients who were rehospitalized within 30 days and identified characteristics associated with hospital readmission. METHODS: We conducted a population-based study of patients who survived a hospitalization complicated by acute kidney injury from 2003-2013 in Ontario, Canada. The primary outcome was 30-day hospital readmission...
October 14, 2016: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27671917/emergency-department-screening-for-suicide-and-mental-health-risk
#18
REVIEW
Kalina Babeva, Jennifer L Hughes, Joan Asarnow
Suicide is the second leading cause of death among youth ages 10-24. An estimated 1.5 million US adolescents receive their primary health care in the emergency department (ED); this is particularly true for low-income and minority youths who often lack a regular source of care. ED visits can provide a window of opportunity to screen and identify youths with suicide and mental health risk, triage youths based on need, and facilitate effective follow-up care. Recently developed brief therapeutic assessment approaches have demonstrated success in improving rates of follow-up care after discharge from the ED...
November 2016: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27658873/effects-of-a-multicomponent-intervention-to-streamline-initiation-of-antiretroviral-therapy-in-africa-a-stepped-wedge-cluster-randomised-trial
#19
Gideon Amanyire, Fred C Semitala, Jennifer Namusobya, Richard Katuramu, Leatitia Kampiire, Jeanna Wallenta, Edwin Charlebois, Carol Camlin, James Kahn, Wei Chang, David Glidden, Moses Kamya, Diane Havlir, Elvin Geng
BACKGROUND: In Africa, up to 30% of HIV-infected patients who are clinically eligible for antiretroviral therapy (ART) do not start timely treatment. We assessed the effects of an intervention targeting prevalent health systems barriers to ART initiation on timing and completeness of treatment initiation. METHODS: In this stepped-wedge, non-blinded, cluster-randomised controlled trial, 20 clinics in southwestern Uganda were randomly assigned in groups of five clinics every 6 months to the intervention by a computerised random number generator...
August 27, 2016: Lancet HIV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27642451/epidemiological-aspects-of-suicide-attempts-among-moroccan-children
#20
Nour Mekaoui, Lamiae Karboubi, Fatima Zahra Ouadghiri, Badr Sououd Benjelloun Dakhama
Suicidal behavior among children has significantly increased in Morocco. We conducted a study on the epidemiological aspect to propose a treatment strategy. Descriptive retrospective study over a period of 3 years (April 2012-April 2015) involving children who visited pediatric medical emergencies of the Children Hospital of Rabat after an autolysis attempt. We observed epidemiological parameters, history, social and family context, the means used, the presumed cause, clinical manifestation, and the management...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
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