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nursing intensive care

Frank Edelmann, Christoph Knosalla, Klaus Mörike, Christiane Muth, Peggy Prien, Stefan Störk
BACKGROUND: Chronic heart failure (CHF) is the most common reason for hospital admissions in Germany. For the National Disease Management Guideline (NDMG) on CHF, a multidisciplinary expert panel revised the chapters on drug therapy, invasive therapy, and care coordination, following the methods of evidence-based medicine. METHODS: Recommendations are based on international guideline adaptations or systematic literature search. They were developed by a multidisciplinary expert panel, approved in a formal consensus procedure, and tested in open consultation, as specified by the requirements for S3 guidelines...
February 23, 2018: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
C-H Wu, C-H Chen, P-H Chen, J-J Yang, P-C Chang, T-C Huang, S Bagga, Y Sharma, R-M Lin, D-C Chan
Fracture liaison services (FLS) have been demonstrated to improve outcomes following osteoporotic fracture. The aim of this systematic literature review (SLR) was to determine the characteristics of an FLS that lead to improved patient outcomes. We conducted a SLR, including articles published between 2000 and February 2017, using global (Medline, EMBASE, PubMed and Cochrane Library) and local databases. Studies including patients aged ≥ 50 years with osteoporotic fractures enrolled in an FLS were assessed...
March 10, 2018: Osteoporosis International
Magnolia Cardona, Ebony T Lewis, Robin M Turner, Hatem Alkhouri, Stephen Asha, John Mackenzie, Margaret Perkins, Sam Suri, Anna Holdgate, Luis Winoto, Chan-Wei Chang, Blanca Gallego-Luxan, Sally McCarthy, Mette R Kristensen, Michael O'Sullivan, Helene Skjøt-Arkil, Anette A Ekmann, Hanne H Nygaard, Jonas J Jensen, Rune O Jensen, Jonas L Pedersen, Dorothy Breen, John A Petersen, Birgitte N Jensen, Christian Backer Mogensen, Ken Hillman, Mikkel Brabrand
BACKGROUND: Prognostic uncertainty inhibits clinicians from initiating timely end-of-life discussions and advance care planning. This study evaluates the efficacy of the CriSTAL (Criteria for Screening and Triaging to Appropriate aLternative care) checklist in emergency departments. METHODS: Prospective cohort study of patients aged ≥65 years with any diagnosis admitted via emergency departments in ten hospitals in Australia, Denmark and Ireland. Electronic and paper clinical records will be used to extract risk factors such as nursing home residency, physiological deterioration warranting a rapid response call, personal history of active chronic disease, history of hospitalisations or intensive care unit admission in the past year, evidence of proteinuria or ECG abnormalities, and evidence of frailty to be concurrently measured with Fried Score and Clinical Frailty Scale...
March 6, 2018: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Karen Parsons, Alice Gaudine, Michelle Swab
BACKGROUND: Most developed countries throughout the world are experiencing an aging nursing workforce as their population ages. Older nurses often experience different challenges then their younger nurse counterparts. With the increase in older nurses relative to younger nurses potentially available to work in hospitals, it is important to understand the experience of older nurses on high paced hospital nursing units. This understanding will lend knowledge to ways of lessening the loss of these highly skilled experienced workers and improve patient outcomes...
March 2018: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
Karen Trudel, Samara Zavalkoff, Nicholas Winters, Caroline Quach, Jacques Lacroix, Patricia S Fontela
BACKGROUND: Prolonged use of indwelling catheters is associated with hospital-acquired urinary tract infections (UTIs). Literature is scarce about the factors influencing urinary catheter removal and maintenance in children. This study aims to describe the determinants of urinary catheter removal in pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) patients. METHODS: Cross-sectional survey of 171 physicians and nurses working at 2 tertiary PICUs in Montreal, Canada. We used focus groups and literature review to design the survey questions and 3 clinical scenarios...
March 5, 2018: American Journal of Infection Control
Amy J Spooner, Leanne M Aitken, Wendy Chaboyer
BACKGROUND: Miscommunication during handover has been linked to adverse patient events and is an international patient safety priority. Despite the development of handover resources, standardized handover tools for nursing team leaders (TLs) in intensive care are limited. AIMS: The study aim was to implement and evaluate an evidence-based electronic minimum data set for nursing TL shift-to-shift handover in the intensive care unit using the knowledge-to-action (KTA) framework...
March 8, 2018: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
Fatemeh Jamshidian, Mohsen Shahriari, Mohsen Rezaee Aderyani
BACKGROUND: Nurses require empowerment if they are to make ethical decisions. Ethical empowerment has always been one of the main concerns in nurse training programs. Research aim: The present study was conducted to determine the effect of an ethical empowerment program on critical care nurses' ethical decision-making. RESEARCH DESIGN: This is a clinical trial study with two groups and pre and post design. Participants and research context: In this study, 60 nurses working in Intensive Care Unit were selected through random sampling and then divided into a control and an experimental group after filling out the Moral Sensitivity Questionnaire...
January 1, 2018: Nursing Ethics
Mona Pauline Voie, Jorunn Tunby, Nina Strømsvik
AIM: To explore the collaboration challenges faced by neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) nurses and public health nurses when preparing premature infants for transition home and to explore the culture of cooperation between the two professional groups. METHOD: Qualitative individual interviews were undertaken with two NICU nurses and two public health nurses. A qualitative content analysis was used to analyse the data. FINDINGS: Three main themes were identified: different expectations and lack of communication between NICU nurses and public health nurses; responsibilities and interactions between the two professional groups were not clearly defined; and the public health nurses' competence was not recognised by the NICU nurses and parents...
March 7, 2018: Nursing Children and Young People
Zoe Joanne Elliot, Stuart Charlton Elliot
This article discusses the history, types and essential components of mechanical ventilation. It addresses the potential complications associated with mechanical ventilation and outlines the nurse's role in the recognition and prevention of such complications. This article provides an overview of some of the advances in mechanical ventilation and emphasises the importance of patient safety through an awareness of the associated risks and limiting or avoiding mechanical ventilation where possible.
March 7, 2018: Nursing Standard
Hee Sun Kim, Hyun Kyung Kim, Kyung Ok Kang, Yi Sik Kim
AIM: This study aimed to identify health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and its determinants in outpatients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) after percutaneous coronary intervention. METHODS: A cross-sectional design was used and a total of 124 Korean participants was enrolled. The HRQoL (physical limitations, treatment satisfaction, and disease perception), symptom experience (frequency, severity, and distress), physiological (left ventricular ejection fraction and lipids), psychological (depression and anxiety), and situational (social support) factors were measured, selected on the basis of the theory of unpleasant symptoms...
March 7, 2018: Japan Journal of Nursing Science: JJNS
Theodoros Aslanidis, Vasilios Grosomanidis, Konstantinos Karakoulas, Athanasios Chatzisotiriou
Electrodermal activity (EDA) is considered a measure of autonomous nervous system activity. This study performed an exploratory analysis of the EDA changes during blood pooling for arterial blood gas analysis in sedated adult critical care patients and correlated the variations to other monitored parameters. EDA, along with other parameters, were monitored during 4 h routine daytime intensive care nursing and treatment in an adult ICU. 4 h measurements were divided into two groups based upon the sedation level...
March 6, 2018: Medical Sciences: Open Access Journal
Andreas Entenmann, Susann Dittrich, Vera Hessling, Christian Niederwanger, Gerard Cortina, Miriam Michel
BACKGROUND: Junctional ectopic tachycardia is a serious complication of surgery for paediatric congenital heart disease. R-wave synchronized atrial (AVT) pacing, an innovative temporary pacing technique, restores atrioventricular synchrony in these patients. The method is highly effective but technically complex. A standardized training model exists for doctors but not for paediatric intensive care nurses. AIMS: This study seeks to evaluate whether a standardized programme involving simulation and vignettes increases knowledge of AVT pacing and accuracy of its documentation, as well as recognition and management of specific complications...
March 6, 2018: Nursing in Critical Care
Tetsu Ohnuma, Daisuke Shinjo, Alan M Brookhart, Kiyohide Fushimi
Background: Reducing the 30-day unplanned hospital readmission rate is a goal for physicians and policymakers in order to improve quality of care. However, data on the readmission rate of critically ill patients in Japan and knowledge of the predictors associated with readmission are lacking. We investigated predictors associated with 30-day rehospitalization for medical and surgical adult patients separately. Methods: Patient data from 502 acute care hospitals with intensive care unit (ICU) facilities in Japan were retrospectively extracted from the Japanese Diagnosis Procedure Combination (DPC) database between April 2012 and February 2014...
2018: Journal of Intensive Care
D Dante Yeh, Eva Fuentes, Sadeq A Quraishi, Jarone Lee, Haytham M A Kaafarani, Peter Fagenholz, Kathryn Butler, Marc DeMoya, Yuchiao Chang, George Velmahos
BACKGROUND: Failure to provide adequate nutrition in the intensive care unit (ICU) may be particularly harmful for patients with prolonged critical illness. We hypothesized that early nutrition inadequacy is more influential for those requiring a longer ICU stay versus those requiring a shorter stay. METHODS: We enrolled 280 adult patients with prolonged surgical ICU stay who were receiving enteral nutrition for >72 hours. Subjects were divided into 2 groups: shortICU (<14 days) and longICU (≥14 days)...
January 2018: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Brecht Serraes, Martin van Leen, Jos Schols, Ann Van Hecke, Sofie Verhaeghe, Dimitri Beeckman
The aims of this study were to identify, assess, and summarise available evidence about the effectiveness of static air mattress overlays to prevent pressure ulcers. The primary outcome was the incidence of pressure ulcers. Secondary outcomes included costs and patient comfort. This study was a systematic review. Six electronic databases were consulted: Cochrane Library, EMBASE, PubMed (Medline), CINAHL (EBSCOhost interface), Science direct, and Web of Science. In addition, a hand search through reviews, conference proceedings, and the reference lists of the included studies was performed to identify additional studies...
March 5, 2018: International Wound Journal
Jun-Hui Chen, Pei-Pei Li, Li-Kun Yang, Lei Chen, Jie Zhu, Xu Hu, Yu-Hai Wang
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the clinical efficacy of and optimal therapeutic strategy for ventricular intracranial pressure monitoring (V-ICPM) in patients with traumatic bifrontal contusions (TBCs). METHODS: From 8760 patients with a traumatic brain injury treated between January 2010 and January 2016, a retrospective analysis was performed on 105 patients with TBC who underwent V-ICPM and 282 TBC patients who did not. All patients underwent treatment at the 101st Hospital of the Chinese People's Liberation Army (Wuxi, China)...
February 28, 2018: World Neurosurgery
James Cavalier, Sharon B Hampton, Rae Langford, Lene Symes, Anne Young
Understanding whether a patient's race or gender and/or the nurse's race or gender influence how nurses form care decisions can contribute to exploration of methods that can positively affect disparate treatment. This research examined how the variables of race and gender of both the nurse and the patient influence nurses' decision making about pain management. A randomized four-group post-test-only experimental design was used to examine the variables and variable interactions. An investigator-developed case vignette tool hosted online was used to obtain data about nursing pain management decisions...
February 28, 2018: Pain Management Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of Pain Management Nurses
Morgan R Smith, Laurie Grealish, Saras Henderson
BACKGROUND: Student satisfaction is a quality measure of increasing importance in undergraduate programs, including nursing programs. To date theories of student satisfaction have focused primarily on students' perceptions of the educational environment rather than their perceptions of learning. Understanding how students determine satisfaction with learning is necessary to facilitate student learning across a range of educational contexts and meet the expectations of diverse stakeholders...
February 22, 2018: Nurse Education Today
Jennifer L Reed, Stephanie A Prince, Andrew L Pipe, Suzanne Attallah, Kristi B Adamo, Heather E Tulloch, Douglas Manuel, Kerri-Anne Mullen, J George Fodor, Robert D Reid
BACKGROUND: Nurses are the largest professional group within the health care workforce, and their work is perceived as being physically demanding. Regular physical activity helps to prevent or ameliorate cardiometabolic conditions (e.g. cardiovascular disease, diabetes). It is not known whether Canadian nurses are meeting current physical activity guidelines. OBJECTIVE: To assess the influence of the workplace on the physical activity and cardiometabolic health of nurses from hospitals in the Champlain region of Ontario, Canada...
February 13, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Studies
Amy Jnah, Desi M Newberry, Elaine Eisenbeisz
BACKGROUND: The use of noninvasive, transcutaneous bilirubin monitoring (TcB) as a jaundice screen in full-term infants is well established; however, there is a paucity of research evaluating the use of TcB in premature infants. PURPOSE: To compare agreement and consistency of transcutaneous and serum bilirubin measurements in a multiracial premature infant population ranging from 30 to 34 6/7 weeks' gestation before, during, and after phototherapy. METHODS: Forty-five neonates, 30 to 34 6/7 weeks' gestation, were enrolled in this prospective, correlational study over a 12-month period...
March 1, 2018: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
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