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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222319/survey-of-the-diagnostic-and-therapeutic-approach-to-new-onset-refractory-status-epilepticus
#1
Christian M Cabrera Kang, Nicolas Gaspard, Suzette M LaRoche, Brandon Foreman
PURPOSE: We conducted a survey of providers to assess for practice patterns in diagnosing and treating new-onset refractory status epilepticus (NORSE). NORSE is the occurrence of prolonged seizures that are not responsive to initial therapies in otherwise healthy individuals without obvious cause on initial presentation. This entity is thought to have multiple etiologies, including autoimmune. METHOD: A 29-question electronic survey was sent to providers included in the Neurocritical Care Society emailing list...
February 9, 2017: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198743/a-retrospective-analysis-of-adverse-events-in-hyperbaric-oxygen-therapy-2012-2015-lessons-learned-from-1-5-million-treatments
#2
Hanna Jokinen-Gordon, Richard C Barry, Beckie Watson, D Scott Covington
OBJECTIVE: To describe the distribution and occurrence of adverse events recorded during hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) therapy from 2012 to 2015. In this analysis, events are defined as otic/sinus barotrauma, confinement anxiety, hypoglycemia, oxygen toxicity, pneumothorax, seizure, and shortness of breath. DATA AND ANALYSIS: The data for the analysis were drawn from a proprietary electronic health data system that contained information on 1,529,859 hyperbaric treatments administered during 53,371 treatment courses from 2012 to 2015 in outpatient wound care centers across the United States managed by Healogics, Inc, Jacksonville, Florida...
March 2017: Advances in Skin & Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191626/intermittent-auscultation-ia-of-fetal-heart-rate-in-labour-for-fetal-well-being
#3
REVIEW
Ruth Martis, Ova Emilia, Detty S Nurdiati, Julie Brown
BACKGROUND: The goal of fetal monitoring in labour is the early detection of a hypoxic baby. There are a variety of tools and methods available for intermittent auscultation (IA) of the fetal heart rate (FHR). Low- and middle-income countries usually have only access to a Pinard/Laënnec or the use of a hand-held Doppler device. Currently, there is no robust evidence to guide clinical practice on the most effective IA tool to use, timing intervals and length of listening to the fetal heart for women during established labour...
February 13, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173780/protocol-for-the-encode-trial-evaluating-a-novel-online-depression-intervention-for-persons-with-epilepsy
#4
Björn Meyer, Mario Weiss, Martin Holtkamp, Stephan Arnold, Katja Brückner, Johanna Schröder, Franziska Scheibe, Yvonne Nestoriuc
BACKGROUND: Depression is common among persons with epilepsy (PwE), affecting roughly one in three individuals, and its presence is associated with personal suffering, impaired quality of life, and worse prognosis. Despite the availability of effective treatments, depression is often overlooked and treated inadequately in PwE, in part because of assumed concerns over drug interactions or proconvulsant effects of antidepressants. Internet-administered psychological interventions might complement antidepressant medication or psychotherapy, and preliminary evidence suggests that they can be effective...
February 7, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131930/the-approach-to-patients-with-psychogenic-nonepileptic-seizures-in-epilepsy-surgery-centers-regarding-diagnosis-treatment-and-education
#5
Kette D Valente, Luciano De Paola, Andre Palmini, Eduardo Faveret, Gerardo Maria de Araujo-Filho, Helio van der Linden, Marino M Bianchin, Roger Walz, Rudá Alessi, Tonicarlo Velasco, Wagner A Teixeira, W Curt LaFrance
Previous studies, using surveys, provided an understanding about how health-care providers address patients with PNES. To date, there is limited information on the management of patients with PNES by tertiary referral centers for epilepsy. In this study, we surveyed 11 Brazilian epilepsy center directors about diagnosis, treatment, education and research on PNES. Respondents reported that patients with PNES represented 10-20% of all adult patients recorded by video-EEG (VEEG). All respondents recognized VEEG as the method to confirm the diagnosis, and 81...
January 26, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130818/neurocognitive-outcomes-among-children-who-experienced-seizures-during-treatment-for-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia
#6
Stephanie L Nassar, Heather M Conklin, Yinmei Zhou, Jason M Ashford, Wilburn E Reddick, John O Glass, Fred H Laningham, Sima Jeha, Cheng Cheng, Ching-Hon Pui
BACKGROUND: Limited information is available regarding neurocognitive outcomes of children who experience seizures during treatment for acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Accordingly, the main objectives of this study were to determine the incidence and risk factors for treatment-related seizures among children with ALL, and the neurocognitive outcomes associated with treatment-related seizures. PROCEDURE: Prospective neuropsychological assessment and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) were planned for all 498 patients with newly diagnosed ALL enrolled on the St...
January 28, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122609/effect-of-patient-initiated-versus-fixed-interval-telepro-based-outpatient-follow-up-study-protocol-for-a-pragmatic-randomised-controlled-study
#7
Liv Marit Valen Schougaard, Caroline Trillingsgaard Mejdahl, Klaus Hvam Petersen, Anne Jessen, Annette de Thurah, Per Sidenius, Kirsten Lomborg, Niels Henrik Hjollund
BACKGROUND: The traditional system of routine outpatient follow-up of chronic disease in secondary care may involve a waste of resources if patients are well. The use of patient-reported outcomes (PRO) could support more flexible, cost-saving follow-up activities. AmbuFlex is a PRO system used in outpatient follow-up in the Central Denmark Region. PRO questionnaires are sent to patients at fixed intervals. The clinicians use the PRO data to decide whether a patient needs a visit or not (standard telePRO)...
January 26, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120052/vagal-nerve-stimulation-for-drug-resistant-epilepsy-adverse-events-and-outcome-in-a-series-of-patients-with-long-term-follow-up
#8
R Morace, G Di Gennaro, P P Quarato, A D'Aniello, A Mascia, L Grammaldo, M De Risi, A Sparano, F Di Cola, M De Angelis, V Esposito
BACKGROUND: Vagal nerve stimulation (VNS) is a palliative treatment option for drug-resistant epilepsy. The aim of this study was to describe the clinical and demographic features of selected patients scheduled for VNS and to evaluate the long-term efficacy of VNS in seizure control. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between 2006 and 2013, 32 consecutive epileptic patients (14 male and 18 female) were enrolled at our Institute for VNS implantation. In all cases resective surgery had previously been excluded by the use of a noninvasive presurgical study protocol...
2017: Acta Neurochirurgica. Supplement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081533/eeg-monitoring-technique-influences-the-management-of-hypoxic-ischemic-seizures-in-neonates-undergoing-therapeutic-hypothermia
#9
Saber Jan, Frances J Northington, Charlamaine M Parkinson, Carl E Stafstrom
Electroencephalogram (EEG) monitoring techniques for neonatal hypoxia-ischemia (HI) are evolving over time, and the specific type of EEG utilized could influence seizure diagnosis and management. We examined whether the type of EEG performed affected seizure treatment decisions (e.g., the choice and number of antiseizure drugs [ASDs]) in therapeutic hypothermia-treated neonates with HI from 2007 to 2015 in the Johns Hopkins Hospital Neonatal Intensive Care Unit. During this period, 3 different EEG monitoring protocols were utilized: Period 1 (2007-2009), single, brief conventional EEG (1 h duration) at a variable time during therapeutic hypothermia treatment, i...
January 17, 2017: Developmental Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076384/anti-epileptic-drug-combination-efficacy-in-an-in-vitro-seizure-model-phenytoin-and-valproate-lamotrigine-and-valproate
#10
Kim Det Taing, Terence J O'Brien, David A Williams, Chris R French
In this study, we investigated the relative efficacy of different classes of commonly used anti-epileptic drugs (AEDs) with different mechanisms of action, individually and in combination, to suppress epileptiform discharges in an in vitro model. Extracellular field potential were recorded in 450 μm thick transverse hippocampal slices prepared from juvenile Wistar rats, in which "epileptiform discharges" (ED's) were produced with a high-K+ (8.5 mM) bicarbonate-buffered saline solution. Single and dual recordings in stratum pyramidale of CA1 and CA3 regions were performed with 3-5 MΩ glass microelectrodes...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074282/unique-findings-of-subependymal-giant-cell-astrocytoma-within-cortical-tubers-in-patients-with-tuberous-sclerosis-complex-a-histopathological-evaluation
#11
Joel S Katz, Hyman Frankel, Tracy Ma, David Zagzag, Benjamin Liechty, Bruria Ben Zeev, Michal Tzadok, Orrin Devinsky, Howard L Weiner, Jonathan Roth
INTRODUCTION: Tuberous sclerosis is associated with three central nervous system pathologies: cortical/subcortical tubers, subependymal nodules (SENs), and subependymal giant cell astrocytomas (SEGAs). Tubers are associated with epilepsy, which is often medication-resistant and often leads to resective surgery. Recently, mammalian target of rapamycin inhibitors (mTORi) have been shown to be effective reducing seizure burden in some patients with tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC)-related refractory epilepsy...
January 10, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060326/network-analysis-of-foramen-ovale-electrode-recordings-in-drug-resistant-temporal-lobe-epilepsy-patients
#12
Ancor Sanz-García, Lorena Vega-Zelaya, Jesús Pastor, Cristina V Torres, Rafael G Sola, Guillermo J Ortega
Approximately 30% of epilepsy patients are refractory to antiepileptic drugs. In these cases, surgery is the only alternative to eliminate/control seizures. However, a significant minority of patients continues to exhibit post-operative seizures, even in those cases in which the suspected source of seizures has been correctly localized and resected. The protocol presented here combines a clinical procedure routinely employed during the pre-operative evaluation of temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) patients with a novel technique for network analysis...
December 18, 2016: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057660/protocol-for-intraoperative-assessment-of-the-human-cerebrovascular-glycocalyx
#13
R H L Haeren, H Vink, J Staals, M A M J van Zandvoort, J Dings, J J van Overbeeke, G Hoogland, K Rijkers, O E M G Schijns
INTRODUCTION: Adequate functioning of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) is important for brain homoeostasis and normal neuronal function. Disruption of the BBB has been described in several neurological diseases. Recent reports suggest that an increased permeability of the BBB also contributes to increased seizure susceptibility in patients with epilepsy. The endothelial glycocalyx is coating the luminal side of the endothelium and can be considered as the first barrier of the BBB. We hypothesise that an altered glycocalyx thickness plays a role in the aetiology of temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE), the most common type of epilepsy...
January 5, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051172/therapeutic-hypothermia-for-neonatal-encephalopathy-a-report-from-the-first-3-years-of-the-baby-cooling-registry-of-japan
#14
Kennosuke Tsuda, Takeo Mukai, Sachiko Iwata, Jun Shibasaki, Takuya Tokuhisa, Tomoaki Ioroi, Hiroyuki Sano, Nanae Yutaka, Akihito Takahashi, Akihito Takeuchi, Toshiki Takenouchi, Yuko Araki, Hisanori Sobajima, Masanori Tamura, Shigeharu Hosono, Makoto Nabetani, Osuke Iwata
Therapeutic hypothermia is recommended for moderate and severe neonatal encephalopathy, but is being applied to a wider range of neonates than originally envisaged. To examine the clinical use of therapeutic hypothermia, data collected during the first 3 years (2012-2014) of the Baby Cooling Registry of Japan were analysed. Of 485 cooled neonates, 96.5% were ≥36 weeks gestation and 99.4% weighed ≥1,800 g. Severe acidosis (pH < 7 or base deficit ≥16 mmol/L) was present in 68.9%, and 96.7% required resuscitation for >10 min...
January 4, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050462/to-study-the-correlation-of-thompson-scoring-in-predicting-early-neonatal-outcome-in-post-asphyxiated-term-neonates
#15
Dalip Kumar Bhagwani, Manisha Sharma, Stanzin Dolker, Sharada Kothapalli
INTRODUCTION: Throughout the world each year, an estimated 23% of the 4 million neonatal deaths and 8% of all deaths in <5 years of age are associated with signs of asphyxia at birth. AIM: To study the role of cord arterial blood gas analysis at birth and serial Thompson score in predicting the early neonatal outcome in post asphyxiated term neonates. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was conducted in Department of Paediatrics, in Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU), Hindu Rao Hospital, New Delhi from May 2014 to February...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042998/photosensitivity-in-dravet-syndrome-is-under-recognized-and-related-to-prognosis
#16
Nienke Verbeek, Dorothée Kasteleijn-Nolst Trenité, Merel Wassenaar, Jolien van Campen, Anja Sonsma, W Boudewijn Gunning, Al de Weerd, Nine Knoers, Willy Spetgens, Thea Gutter, Frans Leijten, Eva Brilstra
OBJECTIVE: To detect determinants for photoparoxysmal EEG response (PPR) in SCN1A-related Dravet syndrome (DS). METHODS: Data were studied from nationwide medical histories and EEGs of DS-patients (n=53; 31 males, age 2-19years). Detailed questionnaires on visual stimuli were completed by parents (n=49). RESULTS: PPR was found in 22 patients (42%; median age 1.25yr), and repeatedly in 17%. PPR (17% of 249 intermittent photic stimulation (IPS)-EEGs) occurred more often with optimal IPS protocols (OR 2...
February 2017: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034485/the-photosensitivity-model-is-also-a-model-for-focal-partial-seizures
#17
Dorothee Kasteleijn-Nolst Trenite, Pierre Genton, Christian Brandt, Ronald C Reed
The 'Photosensitivity Model' uses a standardized stimulation protocol of repeated intermittent photic stimulation (IPS) over a three-day period, with administration of a single dose of an investigational antiepileptic drug (AED) after a baseline IPS day in photosensitive patients, followed by a third IPS day to determine duration of effect. This 'Photosensitivity Model' has shown its value in the development of new AEDs. Levetiracetam (LEV), currently a first-line AED in new-onset focal epilepsies, was not effective in classical animal models, but showed dose-dependent efficacy in the human 'Photosensitivity Model'...
December 2, 2016: Epilepsy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027373/new-onset-seizure-in-adults-and-adolescents-a-review
#18
REVIEW
Jay R Gavvala, Stephan U Schuele
Importance: Approximately 8% to 10% of the population will experience a seizure during their lifetime. Only about 2% to 3% of patients go on to develop epilepsy. Understanding the underlying etiology leading to an accurate diagnosis is necessary to ensure appropriate treatment and that patients with low risk for recurrence are not treated unnecessarily. Observations: Patients can present with new-onset seizure for a variety of reasons such as acute symptomatic seizures due to acute brain injury or metabolic derangements, or unprovoked seizures that are the initial manifestation of epilepsy...
27, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004630/functional-magnetic-resonance-imaging-for-preoperative-planning-in-brain-tumour-surgery
#19
Jonathan C Lau, Suzanne E Kosteniuk, Frank Bihari, Joseph F Megyesi
BACKGROUND: Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) is being increasingly used for the preoperative evaluation of patients with brain tumours. METHODS: The study is a retrospective chart review investigating the use of clinical fMRI from 2002 through 2013 in the preoperative evaluation of brain tumour patients. Baseline demographic and clinical data were collected. The specific fMRI protocols used for each patient were recorded. RESULTS: Sixty patients were identified over the 12-year period...
January 2017: Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences. le Journal Canadien des Sciences Neurologiques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997354/applications-of-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-in-children-and-pediatrics
#20
Guadalupe Nathzidy Rivera-Urbina, Michael A Nitsche, Carmelo M Vicario, Andrés Molero-Chamizo
Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) is a neuromodulatory noninvasive brain stimulation tool with potential to increase or reduce regional and remote cortical excitability. Numerous studies have shown the ability of this technique to induce neuroplasticity and to modulate cognition and behavior in adults. Clinical studies have also demonstrated the ability of tDCS to induce therapeutic effects in several central nervous system disorders. However, knowledge about its ability to modulate brain functions in children or induce clinical improvements in pediatrics is limited...
February 1, 2017: Reviews in the Neurosciences
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