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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242658/quadratus-lumborum-block-for-post-operative-pain-relief-in-patient-with-prune-belly-syndrome
#1
Chitra Garg, Sangeeta Khanna, Yatin Mehta
Abdominal field blocks are commonly used as part of multimodal analgesia for post-operative pain relief in patients undergoing abdominal surgery. Conventionally, transversus abdominis plane block is used, but has the disadvantage of limited spread only to T10-T12 segments, providing only partial pain relief. The new quadratus lumborum (QL) block has the advantage of providing wider sensory block from T6 to L1 and thus has an evolving role in opioid-free anaesthesia. Opioid-induced cough depression, urinary retention, and drowsiness can be problematic in patients with Prune belly syndrome, who have deficient abdominal muscles and myriad of genitourinary problems...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242655/evaluation-of-the-role-of-dexmedetomidine-in-improvement-of-the-analgesic-profile-of-thoracic-paravertebral-block-in-thoracic-surgeries-a-randomised-prospective-clinical-trial
#2
Mohamed Elsayed Hassan, Essam Mahran
Background and Aims: Thoracic paravertebral block (TPB) is one of the effective methods for management of post-operative pain in thoracic surgeries. The aim of the study was to evaluate effectiveness of addition of dexmedetomidine to paravertebral block with bupivacaine in improving the postoperative pain relief and pulmonary functions in patients undergoing thoracic surgeries. Methods: A prospective randomized double-blinded study was performed on forty patients scheduled for thoracic surgery...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241725/value-of-water-enema-computed-tomography-in-elderly-symptomatic-patients
#3
Heyfa Romdhane, Imen Marzouk, Zeineb Mzoughi, Meriem Cheikh, Meriem Dridi, Houcem Fadhl, Rym Ennaifer, Najet Belhadj
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: Colonoscopy remains the gold standard for the examination of the colon. However, its use in the elderly is not well tolerated, and there is often a need for general anaesthesia, thus increasing the risk, especially if there are co-morbidities. Water enema computed tomography has been suggested to be a satisfactory alternative as a non-invasive, fast and effective means for the diagnosis of colorectal supra-centimetric lesions. The aim of our study was to assess the performance of water enema computed tomography as first-line examination by calculating its negative predictive value (NPV) for the diagnosis of supra-centimetric lesions in symptomatic elderly referred to colonoscopy...
December 11, 2017: Arab Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Publication of the Pan-Arab Association of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240497/adjuvant-analgesics-in-spinal-surgery
#4
Aislinn Sherwin, Valerie Pollard, Ciaran Bolger, Michael Moore
Peri- and postoperative pain control can present a challenge to any doctor, particularly in the setting of spinal surgery. The use of adjuvant pain agents and multimodal analgesia is changing the face of modern anaesthesia and offering clinicians more avenues to control perioperative pain. This article discusses the use of adjuvant medications and some of the evidence surrounding their use in spinal surgery.
December 2, 2017: British Journal of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240057/-experience-with-using-cyanoacrylate-glue-in-endovascular-treatment-of-varicose-veins
#5
E V Shaĭdakov, A Zh Mel'tsova, O Ia Porembskaia, E A Kudinova, D É Korzhevskiĭ, O V Kirik, E G Sukhorukova
The method of cyanoacrylate-mediated obliteration of subcutaneous veins is known to be an alternative to thermal endovascular obliteration and eliminates the need for tumescent anaesthesia. This technique is based on glue-induced damage to the venous intima, followed by immune response according to the delayed-type hypersensitivity principle. The authors report herein their first experience with using cyanoacrylate-mediated embolization in treatment of patients presenting with varicose veins. The operation was carried out using the VenaSeal closure system (Medtronic)...
2017: Angiologii︠a︡ i Sosudistai︠a︡ Khirurgii︠a︡, Angiology and Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238673/sialendoscopic-approach-in-management-of-juvenile-recurrent-parotitis
#6
P P Singh, M Goyal, A Goyal
To assess the role of sialendoscopy as a diagnostic and therapeutic modality in juvenile recurrent parotitis. Juvenile recurrent parotitis (JRP) is the second most frequent salivary gland disease in childhood and is characterized by recurrent non suppurative and non obstructive parotid inflammation. These attacks influence the quality of life and can even lead to gland destruction, and there are no definitive treatment to avoid them. Sialendoscopic dilatation is emerging as the new treatment modality in this aspect...
December 2017: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237658/emergency-salpingectomy-for-ruptured-ectopic-pregnancy-in-patient-with-melnick-needles-syndrome-a-rare-otopalatodigital-syndrome
#7
Mark Zachary Johnson, Cormac Francis Mullins, Declan Keane, Ingrid Browne
Melnick-Needles syndrome (M-NS) is a rare genetic disorder which primarily affects skeletal developments. M-NS may also affect the cardiorespiratory and renal systems. A 35 kg patient presented complaining of abdominal pain. Following a positive pregnancy test and ultrasound examination, she was diagnosed with a ruptured ectopic pregnancy. She had a significant background history of M-NS, obstructive sleep apnoea (with narrow gauge tracheostomy in situ), obstructive lung disease and scoliosis. She received fluid resuscitation, and the case was managed using an open salpingectomy and clot evacuation under combined spinal/epidural anaesthesia...
December 13, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234537/day-care-bipolar-transurethral-resection-vs-photoselective-vaporisation-under-sedoanalgesia-a-prospective-randomised-study-of-the-management-of-benign-prostatic-hyperplasia
#8
Rajeev Sood, T Manasa, Hemant Goel, Ritesh Kumar Singh, Rajpal Singh, Nikhil Khattar, Praveen Pandey
Objective: To conduct a prospective randomised study comparing the safety, effectiveness and treatment outcomes in patients undergoing bipolar transurethral resection of the prostate (bTURP) and photoselective vaporisation of the prostate (PVP) under sedoanalgesia, as sedoanalgesia is a safe and effective technique suitable for minimally invasive endourological procedures and although studies have confirmed that both TURP and PVP are feasible under sedoanalgesia there are none comparing the two...
December 2017: Arab Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231979/otitis-media-with-effusion-in-the-boxer-a-report-of-seven-cases
#9
S Paterson
The aim of this study was to describe otitis media with effusion in seven boxers. All dogs presented with a range of clinical signs, which included head shaking, neurological dysfunction, pain on opening of the mouth and reduction in hearing ability. Otitis media was confirmed under general anaesthesia in each case by video-otoscopic identification of a bulging pars tensa and subsequent myringotomy, which revealed a tenacious mucus plug within the middle ear. Brainstem auditory evoked response thresholds were elevated in all affected ears...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229069/the-use-of-an-iced-cotton-bud-as-an-effective-pre-cooling-method-for-palatal-anaesthesia-a-technical-note
#10
Nadeena Sri Swarnagupta Jayasuriya, Indika Danuka Weerapperuma, Malagoda Gamage Chathura Kanchana Amarasinghe
The palatal injection of anaesthesia is more painful for the patient when compared to other sites of the oral cavity. Pre-cooling (cyro anaesthesia) is a well-known method practiced to reduce pain, with the use of ice or refrigerant spray on the affected site. The already known methods of ice application to the palatal site have few practical drawbacks. Therefore, this technical note highlights the use of an iced cotton bud as a novel way of providing effective pre-cooling for palatal anaesthesia. Commercially available cotton buds were dipped in clean water and then placed in the freezer...
December 2017: Singapore Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227351/impact-of-pectoral-nerve-block-on-postoperative-pain-and-quality-of-recovery-in-patients-undergoing-breast-cancer-surgery-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#11
Yoshinori Kamiya, Miki Hasegawa, Takayuki Yoshida, Misako Takamatsu, Yu Koyama
BACKGROUND: In recent years, thoracic wall nerve blocks, such as the pectoral nerve (PECS) block and the serratus plane block have become popular for peri-operative pain control in patients undergoing breast cancer surgery. The effect of PECS block on quality of recovery (QoR) after breast cancer surgery has not been evaluated. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the ability of PECS block to decrease postoperative pain and anaesthesia and analgesia requirements and to improve postoperative QoR in patients undergoing breast cancer surgery...
December 8, 2017: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223633/effectiveness-of-irrigation-with-chlorhexidine-after-removal-of-mandibular-third-molars-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#12
H Cho, M C David, A J Lynham, E Hsu
To evaluate the effect of postoperative irrigation with chlorhexidine on inflammatory complications after the extraction of lower third molars under local anaesthesia, we recruited 100 patients to participate in a controlled, single-blind, randomised clinical trial. They were assigned to one of two groups: the intervention group (postoperative irrigation of the surgical site with chlorhexidine for seven days) or the control group (postoperative chlorhexidine mouth rinse for seven days). The primary outcome variables were pain, swelling, trismus, infection, and alveolar osteitis...
December 6, 2017: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223575/a-comparison-between-inhalational-desflurane-and-total-intravenous-anaesthesia-propofol-and-dexmedetomidine-in-improving-postoperative-recovery-for-morbidly-obese-patients-undergoing-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy-a-double-blinded-randomised-controlled-trial
#13
Abd-Elazeem Elbakry, Wesam-Eldin Sultan, Ezzeldin Ibrahim
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy is commonly performed under total intravenous anaesthesia (TIVA) or balanced anaesthesia using an intravenous and inhalation agent. It is still unclear which anaesthesia regimen is better for this group of patients. The present study has been conducted to compare the use of the inhalation anaesthesia technique using desflurane with the TIVA technique, using propofol and dexmedetomidine. DESIGN: Prospective, randomised, double-blinded study...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218285/efficacy-of-digital-anesthesia-comparison-of-two-techniques
#14
Muhammad Ahmad
BACKGROUND: Digital nerve block is commonly performed by care providers in medical fields. This study compares the blocks in terms of effectiveness of anesthesia and pain. METHODS: Patients were divided into two groups. First group underwent digital block whereas 2nd group had transmetacarpal digital block. The subcutaneous ring block was performed by two injections of 3 ml of 2% lignocaine in a 3 ml syringe with a 26G needle at the level of phalangeal/palmer crease...
September 2017: World Journal of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210845/does-a-hypnosis-session-reduce-the-required-propofol-dose-during-closed-loop-anaesthesia-induction-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#15
Aurélien Bataille, Avit Guirimand, Barbara Szekely, Mireille Michel-Cherqui, Virginie Dumans, Ngai Liu, Thierry Chazot, Marc Fischler, Morgan Le Guen
BACKGROUND: Hypnosis has a positive effect on peri-operative anxiety and pain. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess the impact of a formal deep hypnosis session on the consumption of propofol for anaesthetic induction using automated administration of propofol guided by the bispectral index (BIS) in a closed loop. DESIGN: A 1 : 1 randomised, usual-care-controlled, single-centre trial. SETTING: Tertiary care centre in France from April 2014 to December 2015...
November 27, 2017: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208509/the-use-of-an-intraarticular-catheter-on-fast-track-primary-knee-arthroplasty-is-it-a-step-forward
#16
L Cáceres-Sánchez, J B García-Benítez, V Coronado-Hijón, M Montero-Pariente
OBJECTIVE: This study compares the efficacy in post-operative pain control of the intraarticular catheter compared to the epidural catheter after primary total knee arthroplasty. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Randomised clinical trial consisting of two groups of patients. A control group with intradural anaesthesia and an intraoperative epidural catheter (ropivacaine) and an intervention group using the same anaesthetic technique and an intraarticular catheter with an elastomeric pump (ropivacaine+dexketoprofen)...
December 2, 2017: Revista Española de Cirugía Ortopédica y Traumatología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207902/analgesics-promote-welfare-and-sustain-tumour-growth-in-orthotopic-4t1-and-b16-mouse-cancer-models
#17
Jennifer Lofgren, Amy L Miller, Claudia Chui Shan Lee, Carla Bradshaw, Paul Flecknell, Johnny Roughan
Murine orthotopic cancer models often require surgery, potentially causing pain or distress. However, analgesics are often withheld because they may alter tumour development. Two orthotopically implanted cancers were investigated in mice pre-treated with meloxicam (10 mg/kg), buprenorphine (0.2 mg/kg) or saline (1 ml/kg). Tumours were imaged and welfare was assessed using body weight, behaviour and nociceptive responses. In study 1, BALB/c mice were inoculated with 4T1 mammary carcinoma or saline during surgery or anaesthesia...
January 1, 2017: Laboratory Animals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207811/comparative-evaluation-of-ropivacaine-and-fentanyl-versus-ropivacaine-and-fentanyl-with-clonidine-for-postoperative-epidural-analgesia-in-total-knee-replacement-surgery
#18
Shivali Panwar, Preeti S Govind, Parag Jyoti Duarah, Hari Kishan Mahajan, Smita Anil Korde
Introduction: Clonidine an alpha 2 adrenoceptor agonist possesses analgesic properties and has been used as an adjuvant in epidural analgesia. The addition of clonidine to other analgesics may result in enhanced analgesia through additive mechanisms or synergistic mechanisms. The enhanced analgesia may lead to a decrease in the dosage of analgesic drugs along with reduction of side effects. Aim: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of adding clonidine to epidural ropivacaine and fentanyl mixture in terms of quality of analgesia and side effects in patients of total knee replacement surgery...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207775/axial-torsion-of-meckel-s-diverticulum-a-rare-case-report
#19
Sandesh Vithal Parab, Pramod Govindrao Salve, Aruna Dahiphale, Rupesh Thakare, Amit Aiwale
Meckel's Diverticulum (MD) is the most common congenital anomaly of gastrointestinal tract, occurring in 2% of the population. It is a true diverticulum and histologically all four intestinal layers are present within MD. There are various complications related to a Meckel's diverticulum, including haemorrhage, intestinal obstruction, inflammation and perforation. Axial torsion followed by gangrene of MD is the rarest of the complications that have been reported. The exact mechanism for torsion is unclear. Preoperative diagnosis of torsion of MD is difficult and often confused with appendicitis as pain is usually localized to right lower quadrant...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207772/comparison-of-pain-relief-from-different-intravenous-doses-of-ketorolac-after-reduction-of-mandibular-fractures
#20
Saeed Nezafati, Reza Khorshidi Khiavi, Seyyed Sina Mirinejhad, Dawood Aghamoh Ammadi, Milad Ghanizadeh
Introduction: Pain is an unpleasant feeling due to tissue destruction, which disturbs an individual's daily routines even at its lowest levels. The majority of surgeons and anaesthesiologists are increasingly trying to administer non-opioid analgesics because excessive use of opioids after surgery results in patient dissatisfaction. Aim: To evaluate the analgesic effect of intravenous injection of different doses of ketorolac at different intervals in patients undergoing surgery for unilateral fractures of the mandible...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
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