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donor recruitment

Roshini Fernando, Ekaterina Placzek, Edmund A Reese, Andrew T Placzek, Samantha Schwartz, Aaron Trierweiler, Leslie M Niziol, Stephen Atkins, Thomas S Scanlan, Terry J Smith
CONTEXT: The sources and biological impact of 3,3',5,5' tetraiodothyroacetic acid (TA4) are uncertain. CD34(+) fibrocytes express several proteins involved in the production of thyroid hormones. They infiltrate the orbit in Graves' disease (GD), an autoimmune process known as thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy. It appears that the thyrotropin receptor (TSHR) plays an important role in the pathogenesis of TAO. OBJECTIVE: To quantify levels of TA4 in healthy subjects and those with Graves' disease...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Laura A Siminoff, Gerard P Alolod, Maureen Wilson-Genderson, Eva Y N Yuen, Heather M Traino
Available literature points to healthcare providers' discomfort with donation after cardiac death (DCD) and their perception of the public's reluctance toward the procedure. Using a national sample, we report on the communication content of actual DCD and donation after brain death (DBD) approaches by organ procurement organization (OPO) requesters and compare family decision makers' (FDMs') experiences of both modalities. We recruited 1,601 FDMs using a validated protocol; 347 (21.7%) were of potential DCD donors...
October 18, 2016: American Journal of Transplantation
Charles A Mkony, Ephata E Kaaya, Alex J Goodell, Sarah B Macfarlane
BACKGROUND: Faced with one of the lowest physician-to-population ratios in the world, the Government of Tanzania is urging its medical schools to train more physicians. The annual number of medical students admitted across the country rose from 55 in the 1990s to 1,680 approved places for the 2015/16 academic year. These escalating numbers strain existing faculty. OBJECTIVE: To describe the availability of faculty in medical schools in Tanzania. DESIGN: We identified faculty lists published on the Internet by five Tanzanian medical schools for the 2011/12 academic year and analyzed the appointment status, rank, discipline, and qualifications of faculty members...
2016: Global Health Action
Patrice Dufour, Catherine Pirard, Corinne Charlier
Over the last decades, more and more studies focused on the impact of endocrine disruptors on the environment and human health. Among them, phenolic organohalogens (POHs) are a particular concern because of their structural resemblance with natural hormones. There are different methods that are known to quantify these compounds in human serum, however, the current extraction techniques are long, fastidious and using harmfull chemicals such as diazomethane and sulfuric acid. Consequently, we developed an alternative, sensitive and faster method to simultaneously quantify pentachlorophenol (PCP), tetrabromobisphenol A (TBBPA), 4 bromophenols, 7 hydroxypolychlorinated biphenyls (OH-PCBs) and 3 hydroxy-polybrominated diphenyl ether (OH-PBDEs) in human serum sample...
October 4, 2016: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
Victor Fattori, Karla G G Serafim, Ana C Zarpelon, Sergio M Borghi, Felipe A Pinho-Ribeiro, José C Alves-Filho, Thiago M Cunha, Fernando Q Cunha, Rúbia Casagrande, Waldiceu A Verri
The present study investigated whether endothelin-1 acts via ETA or ETB receptors to mediate superoxide anion-induced pain and inflammation. Mice were treated with clazosentan (ETA receptor antagonist) or BQ-788 (ETB receptor antagonist) prior to stimulation with the superoxide anion donor, KO2. Intraplantar treatment with 30 nmol of clazosentan or BQ-788 reduced mechanical hyperalgesia (47% and 42%), thermal hyperalgesia (68% and 76%), oedema (50% and 30%); myeloperoxidase activity (64% and 32%), and overt-pain like behaviours, such as paw flinching (42% and 42%) and paw licking (38% and 62%), respectively...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Drug Targeting
Nina Pilat, Benedikt Mahr, Lukas Unger, Karin Hock, Christoph Schwarz, Andreas M Farkas, Ulrike Baranyi, Fritz Wrba, Thomas Wekerle
Central clonal deletion has been considered the critical factor responsible for the robust state of tolerance achieved by chimerism-based experimental protocols, but split-tolerance models and the clinical experience are calling this assumption into question. Although clone-size reduction through deletion has been shown to be universally required for achieving allotolerance, it remains undetermined whether it is sufficient by itself. Therapeutic Treg treatment induces chimerism and tolerance in a stringent murine BM transplantation model devoid of myelosuppressive recipient treatment...
May 19, 2016: JCI Insight
Yinghong Zhou, Rong Huang, Wei Fan, Indira Prasadam, Ross Crawford, Yin Xiao
INTRODUCTION: Cell-cell interaction is believed to play a critical role in the cell-based therapy for bone regeneration. However, the mechanisms involved in the interaction between donor cells and host cells during the bone healing process are still not clear. This study investigated the potential effect of vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGFA) produced by osteogenically differentiated mesenchymal stem cells (O-MSCs) on the recruitment and regulation of un-differentiated MSCs and macrophages during osteogenesis...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
Nyashadzaishe Mafirakureva, Tonderai Mapako, Star Khoza, Jean C Emmanuel, Lucy Marowa, David Mvere, Maarten J Postma, Marinus van Hulst
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess the cost effectiveness of introducing individual-donation nucleic acid testing (ID-NAT), in addition to serologic tests, compared with the exclusive use of serologic tests for the identification of hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV), and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) I and II among blood donors in Zimbabwe. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: The costs, health consequences, and cost effectiveness of adding ID-NAT to serologic tests, compared with serologic testing alone, were estimated from a health care perspective using a decision-analytic model...
October 2, 2016: Transfusion
Anders Andersson, Carina Malmhäll, Birgitta Houltz, Sara Tengvall, Margareta Sjöstrand, Ingemar Qvarfordt, Anders Lindén, Apostolos Bossios
BACKGROUND: Long-term exposure to tobacco smoke causes local inflammation in the airways that involves not only innate immune cells, including NK cells, but also adaptive immune cells such as cytotoxic (CD8(+)) and helper (CD4(+)) T-cells. We have previously demonstrated that long-term tobacco smoking increases extracellular concentration of the CD4(+)-recruiting cytokine interleukin (IL)-16 locally in the airways. Here, we hypothesized that tobacco smoking alters IL-16 biology at the systemic level and that this effect involves oxygen free radicals (OFR)...
2016: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Genevieve M Crane, Mark A Samols, Laura A Morsberger, Raluca Yonescu, Michele L Thiess, Denise A S Batista, Yi Ning, Kathleen H Burns, Milena Vuica-Ross, Michael J Borowitz, Christopher D Gocke, Richard F Ambinder, Amy S Duffield
Tumor-associated inflammatory cells in classical Hodgkin lymphoma (CHL) typically outnumber the neoplastic Hodgkin/Reed-Sternberg (H/RS) cells. The composition of the inflammatory infiltrate, particularly the fraction of macrophages, has been associated with clinical behavior. Emerging work from animal models demonstrates that most tissue macrophages are maintained by a process of self-renewal under physiologic circumstances and certain inflammatory states, but the contribution from circulating monocytes may be increased in some disease states...
2016: PloS One
Hisham A Edinur, Siti M Manaf, Nor F Che Mat
The successful of transplantation is determined by the shared human leukocyte antigens (HLAs) and ABO blood group antigens between donor and recipient. In recent years, killer cell receptor [i.e., killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptor (KIR)] and major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I chain-related gene molecule (i.e., MICA) were also reported as important determinants of transplant compatibility. At present, several different genotyping techniques (e.g., sequence specific primer and sequence based typing) can be used to characterize blood group, HLA, MICA and KIR and loci...
September 24, 2016: World Journal of Transplantation
Sarah A Hosgood, Michael L Nicholson
BACKGROUND: The measurement of urinary biomarkers during ex-vivo normothermic kidney perfusion (EVKP) may aid in the assessment of a kidney prior to transplantation. This study measured levels of neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL), kidney injury molecule-1 (KIM-1) and endothelin-1 (ET-1) during EVKP in a series of discarded human kidneys. METHODS: Fifty six kidneys from deceased donors were recruited into the study. Each kidney underwent 60 minutes of EVKP and was scored based on the macroscopic appearance, renal blood flow and urine output...
September 27, 2016: Transplantation
Narayan Prasad, Akhilesh Jaiswal, Vikas Agarwal, Shashi Kumar, Saurabh Chaturvedi, Subhash Yadav, Amit Gupta, Raj K Sharma, Dharmendra Bhadauria, Anupama Kaul
BACKGROUND: We aimed to longitudinally analyse changes in the levels of serum fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23), intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH) and associated minerals in patients undergoing renal transplantation. METHODS: Sixty-three patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) who underwent living donor transplantation were recruited. Serum FGF23, iPTH, uric acid, inorganic phosphorous (iP), blood urea nitrogen and serum creatinine were measured pre-transplant and at 1 (M1), 3 (M3) and 12 months (M12) post-transplantation...
October 2016: Clinical Kidney Journal
A Franchi, M Cubilla, H A Guidobaldi, A A Bravo, L C Giojalas
STUDY QUESTION: Does the rapid transit through the uterine environment modulate the sperm physiological state? SUMMARY ANSWER: The uterosome-like vesicles (ULV) secreted by endometrial epithelial cells (EEC) in vitro are able to fuse with human spermatozoa, prompting their fertilising capacity. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Early studies suggest that sperm capacitation begins in the uterus and ends in the oviduct, and that a synergistic effect of both female organs may accelerate this process...
September 27, 2016: Molecular Human Reproduction
Yong Zhang, Xiuying Zhang, Yan Xia, Xiao Jia, Hao Li, Yanyan Zhang, Zhen Shao, Ning Xin, Mingfeng Guo, Jing Chen, ShuangShuang Zheng, YuZhong Wang, Linlin Fu, Chenghua Xiao, Deqin Geng, Yonghai Liu, Guiyun Cui, Ruiguo Dong, Xiaoyu Huang, Tingyan Yu
T cell immunoglobulin mucin domain-1(Tim-1) was recently identified to be critical and essential for optimal regulatory B cells function in maintaining immune tolerance. We aimed to measure the expression levels of Tim-1 on B cells from patients with Myasthenia Gravis (MG) and to investigate whether the expression of Tim-1 is associated with pathogenesis of MG. A total of 34 patients with MG (18 generalized MG (GMG) and 16 ocular MG (OMG) and 24 healthy donors were recruited in this study. The quantitative myasthenia gravis score (QMGS) was used to evaluate the clinical severity...
September 28, 2016: Immunologic Research
Barbara M Masser, Christopher R France, Lina K Himawan, Melissa K Hyde, Geoff Smith
BACKGROUND: Anxiety is a frequently cited barrier to blood donor recruitment. Although the mere presence of donation paraphernalia can heighten anxiety for some individuals, such stimuli are a necessary and unavoidable part of donation. Drawing on France and colleagues' research on tailored donor education and coping materials, the current study assessed whether modifying recruitment materials could improve donor recruitment in a context where anxiety is heightened. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: A field study comprising a 2 (presence or absence of a mobile blood collection unit [MCU]) × 2 (recruitment brochure: standard, coping) between-subjects design was conducted with 922 nondonors who believed themselves eligible to donate blood...
September 25, 2016: Transfusion
Wenjing Cao, Huy P Pham, Lance A Williams, Jenny McDaniel, Rance C Siniard, Robin G Lorenz, Marisa B Marques, X Long Zheng
Acquired thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura is primarily caused by deficiency of plasma ADAMTS13 activity resulting from autoantibodies against ADAMTS13. However, ADAMTS13 deficiency alone is often not sufficient to cause acute thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura. Infections or systemic inflammation may precede acute bursts of the disease but the underlying mechanisms are not fully understood. Here, 52 patients with acquired idiopathic thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura and 30 blood donor controls were recruited for the study...
August 4, 2016: Haematologica
Mor M Dickman, Pieter J Kruit, Lies Remeijer, Jeroen van Rooij, Allegonda Van der Lelij, Robert H J Wijdh, Frank J H M van den Biggelaar, Tos T J M Berendschot, Rudy M M A Nuijts
OBJECTIVE: To compare visual acuity, refraction, endothelial cell density (ECD), and complications after Descemet stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty (DSAEK) and ultrathin DSAEK (UT-DSAEK). DESIGN: A multicenter, prospective, double-masked, randomized, controlled clinical trial. PARTICIPANTS: From 66 patients with irreversible corneal endothelial dysfunction dues to Fuchs' dystrophy who enrolled from 4 tertiary medical centers in the Netherlands, 66 eyes were studied...
September 19, 2016: Ophthalmology
Martina Monti, Erika Terzuoli, Marina Ziche, Lucia Morbidelli
Cardiovascular diseases as atherosclerosis are associated to an inflammatory state of the vessel wall which is accompanied by endothelial dysfunction, and adherence and activation of circulating inflammatory cells. Hydrogen sulfide, a novel cardiovascular protective gaseous mediator, has been reported to exert anti-inflammatory activity. We have recently demonstrated that the SH containing ACE inhibitor zofenoprilat, the active metabolite of zofenopril, controls the angiogenic features of vascular endothelium through H2S enzymatic production by cystathionine gamma lyase (CSE)...
September 17, 2016: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
S Gustavsen, H B Søndergaard, D B Oturai, B Laursen, J H Laursen, M Magyari, H Ullum, M H Larsen, F Sellebjerg, A B Oturai
BACKGROUND: Epidemiological studies suggest an important role for environmental factors in developing multiple sclerosis (MS). Furthermore several studies have indicated that the effect of environmental factors may be especially pronounced in adolescents. Recently only one study investigated and found that shift work at young age is associated with an increased risk of developing MS. In this study we focused on the effect of shift work in the vulnerable period between 15-19 years. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the association between shift work at young age and the risk of developing MS...
September 2016: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
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