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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679240/a-case-of-tension-faecopneumothorax-after-delayed-diagnosis-of-traumatic-diaphragmatic-hernia
#1
Tien Yew Chern, Allan Kwok, Soni Putnis
BACKGROUND: Traumatic diaphragmatic injuries from blunt or penetrating trauma are difficult to detect in the acute setting and, if missed, can result in significant morbidity and mortality in the future. We present a case demonstrating the natural progression of this resulting in faecopneumothorax, which is a rare but serious presentation. CASE PRESENTATION: A 22-year-old young man presented with left upper quadrant and chest pain, nausea, vomiting, and intermittent obstipation with a background of previous lower chest wall stabbings...
April 20, 2018: Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678619/effect-of-goal-directed-fluid-therapy-on-early-cognitive-function-in-elderly-patients-with-spinal-stenosis
#2
Na Zhang, Min Liang, Dan-Dan Zhang, Yi-Rong Xiao, Yan-Zhen Li, You-Guang Gao, Hong-da Cai, Xian-Zhong Lin, Cai-Zhu Lin, Kai Zeng, Xiao-Dan Wu
PURPOSE: To explore effect of goal-directed fluid therapy (GDFT) on early cognitive function in elderly patients with spinal stenosis. METHODS: 83 elderly patients with spinal stenosis were randomly classified into two groups: control group (n = 40) and GDFT group (n = 43). The Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) score, IL-6 and S100β levels, hemodynamic parameters, cerebral oxygen saturation (rSO2 ), arterial lactic acid values, output of surgery, operation time and cases of hypotension, intraoperative complications within 7 days were recorded for all patients...
April 17, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678158/dexmedetomidine-infusion-as-an-analgesic-adjuvant-during-laparoscopic-%C3%B1-holecystectomy-a-randomized-controlled-study
#3
Kateryna Bielka, Iurii Kuchyn, Volodymyr Babych, Kseniia Martycshenko, Oleksii Inozemtsev
BACKGROUND: Dexmedetomidine (DEX) has sedative, sympatholytic and analgesic effects and might be beneficial if used as an adjuvant to: improve analgesia; modulate haemodynamic responses to intubation and pneumoperitoneum and; reduce the number of opioid-associated adverse events. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of DEX infusion during elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC). METHODS: A randomized, single-centre, parallel-group, placebo-controlled study was carried out between May 2016 and June 2017...
April 20, 2018: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676689/intravenous-acetaminophen-for-postoperative-supratentorial-craniotomy-pain-a-prospective-randomized-double-blinded-placebo-controlled-trial
#4
Walavan Sivakumar, Michael Jensen, Julie Martinez, Michael Tanana, Nancy Duncan, Robert Hoesch, Jay K Riva-Cambrin, Craig Kilburg, Safdar Ansari, Paul A House
OBJECTIVE Acute pain control after cranial surgery is challenging. Prior research has shown that patients experience inadequate pain control post-craniotomy. The use of oral medications is sometimes delayed because of postoperative nausea, and the use of narcotics can impair the evaluation of brain function and thus are used judiciously. Few nonnarcotic intravenous (IV) analgesics exist. The authors present the results of the first prospective study evaluating the use of IV acetaminophen in patients after elective craniotomy...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670413/quality-of-life-after-esophageal-resection
#5
Wendy Jo Svetanoff, Rose McGahan, Saurabh Singhal, Carrie Bertellotti, Sumeet K Mittal
Introduction: Esophageal resection is the primary treatment for malignant esophageal disease and the last resort for benign end-stage esophageal disease. There is a paucity of research comparing the long-term quality of life (QoL) following surgery among these two populations. The aim of this study was to examine the patient reported QoL after esophageal resection using questionnaires focusing on general well-being and esophageal-specific symptoms. Methods: A prospectively maintained database of post-operatively administered European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire C30 (EORTC QLQ-C30) with supplemental esophageal cancer-specific questionnaires (OES-18) was queried after institutional review board approval through Creighton University School of Medicine...
2018: Patient related Outcome Measures
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661153/improved-analgesia-and-reduced-post-operative-nausea-and-vomiting-after-implementation-of-an-enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-eras-pathway-for-total-mastectomy
#6
Catherine Chiu, Pedram Aleshi, Laura J Esserman, Christina Inglis-Arkell, Edward Yap, Elizabeth L Whitlock, Monica W Harbell
BACKGROUND: Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) pathways have been shown in multiple surgical disciplines to improve outcomes, including reduced opioid consumption, length of stay, and post-operative nausea and vomiting (PONV). However, very few studies describe the application of ERAS to breast surgery and even fewer describe ERAS for outpatient surgery. We describe the implementation and efficacy of an Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) pathway for total skin-sparing mastectomy with immediate reconstruction in an outpatient setting...
April 16, 2018: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649033/predictors-of-admission-after-the-implementation-of-an-enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-pathway-for-minimally-invasive-gynecologic-surgery
#7
Dayley S Keil, Lauren D Schiff, Erin T Carey, Janelle K Moulder, Amy M Goetzinger, Seema M Patidar, Lyla M Hance, Lavinia M Kolarczyk, Robert S Isaak, Paula D Strassle, Jay W Schoenherr
BACKGROUND: Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) pathways in gynecologic surgery have been shown to decrease length of stay with no impact on readmission, but no study has assessed predictors of admission in this population. The purpose of this study was to identify predictors of admission after laparoscopic hysterectomy (LH) and robotic-assisted hysterectomy (RAH) performed under an ERAS pathway. METHODS: This is a prospective observational study of women undergoing LH/RAH for benign indications within an ERAS pathway...
April 11, 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643708/evidence-based-review-and-appraisal-of-the-use-of-droperidol-in-the-emergency-department
#8
REVIEW
Pei-Chun Lai, Yen-Ta Huang
Droperidol is a short-acting, potent dopamine D2 antagonist that can pass through the blood-brain barrier. A black box warning was issued for droperidol by the United States Food and Drug Administration in 2001 because of a risk of development of torsades de pointes induced by QT prolongation. Many experts feel that the incidence of arrhythmia is overestimated, and low-dose droperidol is almost always used by anesthesiologists for postoperative nausea and vomiting. In this review, we used evidence-based analysis to appraise high-quality studies with a low risk of bias published after 2001 on the use of droperidol in the emergency department (ED)...
January 2018: Ci Ji Yi Xue za Zhi, Tzu-chi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643620/opioid-free-anesthesia-for-breast-cancer-surgery-an-observational-study
#9
Swagata Tripathy, Satyajit Rath, Suresh Agrawal, P Bhaskar Rao, A Panda, T S Mishra, Sukdev Nayak
Background and Aims: Opioids are associated with postoperative nausea, vomiting, drowsiness, and increased analgesic requirement. A nonopioid anesthesia technique may reduce morbidity, enable day care surgery, and possibly decrease tumor recurrence. We compared opioid-free, nerve block-based anesthesia with opioid-based general anesthesia for breast cancer surgery in a prospective cohort study. Material and Methods: Twenty four adult American Society of Anesthesiologists grade I-III patients posted for modified radical mastectomy (MRM) with axillary dissection were induced with propofol and maintained on isoflurane (0...
January 2018: Journal of Anaesthesiology, Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643538/-anterior-cervical-discectomy-and-fusion-to-treat-cervical-spondylosis-with-sympathetic-symptoms
#10
H Liu, L Yue, S L Chen, B Hu, C D Li, X D Yi, H Li, H L Lu, Y Wang, Z R Yu, H L Sun, S J Wang, Y Zhao, L T Qi, R Wang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical effectiveness of polytheretherketone (PEEK) cages assisted anterior cervical discetomy and fusion (ACDF) to treat cervical spondylosis with sympathetic symptoms. METHODS: Retrospective analysis was undertaken for 39 patients who were diagnosed as cervical spondylosis with sympathetic symptoms and underwent ACDF with PEEK cages. Radiographs obtained before surgery, after surgery, and at the final follow-up were assessed for quality of fusion...
April 18, 2018: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643155/femoral-nerve-block-intervention-in-neck-of-femur-fracture-finof-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#11
Martin Rowlands, Gerrie van de Walt, Jim Bradley, Alexa Mannings, Sarah Armstrong, Nigel Bedforth, Iain K Moppett, Opinder Sahota
OBJECTIVE: Fractured neck of femur is a severely painful condition with significant mortality and morbidity. We investigated whether early and continuous use of femoral nerve block can improve pain on movement and mobility after surgery in older participants with fragility neck of femur fracture. DESIGN: Prospective single-centre, randomised controlled pragmatic trial. SETTING: Secondary care, acute National Health Service Trust, UK. PARTICIPANTS: Participants admitted with a history and examination suggesting fractured neck of femur...
April 10, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29630032/perineural-versus-systemic-dexamethasone-in-front-foot-surgery-under-ankle-block-a-randomized-double-blind-study
#12
Philippe Marty, Olivier Rontes, Clément Chassery, Corine Vuillaume, Bertrand Basset, Mehdi Merouani, Constance Marquis, Benoit Bataille, Martine Chaubard, Marie Claude Mailles, Fabrice Ferré, Alain Delbos
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Among the different adjuvants, dexamethasone is one of the most accepted to prolong the effect of local anesthetics. This study aims to determine the superiority of perineural over systemic dexamethasone administration after a single-shot ankle block in metatarsal osteotomy. METHODS: We performed a prospective, double-blind, randomized study. A total of 100 patients presenting for metatarsal osteotomy with an ankle block were randomized into 2 groups: 30 mL ropivacaine 0...
April 6, 2018: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629886/postoperative-nausea-and-vomiting-ponv-in-outpatient-repair-of-inguinal-hernia
#13
Piergaspare Palumbo, Sofia Usai, Chiara Amatucci, Valentina Taurisano Pulli, Giulio Illuminati, Francesco Vietri, Guglielmo Tellan
PURPOSE: Nausea and vomiting are among the most frequent complications following anesthesia and surgery. Due to anesthesia seems to be primarily responsible for post operative nausea and vomiting (PONV) in Day Surgery facilities, the aim of the study is to evaluate how different methods of anesthesia could modify the onset of postoperative nausea and vomiting in a population of patients undergoing inguinal hernia repair. METHODS: Ninehundredten patients, aged between 18 and 87 years, underwent open inguinal hernia repair...
2018: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629059/effect-of-oral-ginger-on-prevention-of-nausea-and-vomiting-after-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-a-double-blind-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial
#14
Alireza Bameshki, Mohammad Hasan Namaiee, Ali Jangjoo, Maliheh Dadgarmoghaddam, Mohammad Hosein Eshaghi Ghalibaf, Atefeh Ghorbanzadeh, Shima Sheybani
Background: Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) are among the most frequent complications following laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Recently, some studies have shown ginger, as an herbal medicine, to be effective and safe in PONV prevention; however, there is no evidence of its efficacy in the Iranian population. Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the effect of oral ginger on PONV prevention after laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Methods: This double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trial was performed on women who were undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy in Imam Raza Hospital, Mashhad, Iran between April and November, 2016...
February 2018: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628845/patient-satisfaction-and-experience-with-anesthesia-a-multicenter-survey-in-saudi-population
#15
Abdulrahman Alsaif, Saleh Alqahtani, Farhan Alanazi, Faris Alrashed, Abdullah Almutairi
Background and Objectives: Patients' satisfaction of anesthesia outcomes is a major part of the overall quality of health care. The aim of this study is to evaluate patient's satisfaction whether pre- or post-operative as well as overall impression using a multicenter prespecified survey tool. Methods: Three hundred and three patients who underwent surgery regardless the type of anesthesia were surveyed. The interview conducted face-to-face before surgery then within the first 24 h of surgery...
April 2018: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628838/evaluation-of-transversus-abdominis-plane-block-for-renal-transplant-recipients-a-meta-analysis-and-trial-sequential-analysis-of-published-studies
#16
Preet Mohinder Singh, Anuradha Borle, Jeetinder Kaur Makkar, Aanjan Trisha, Aashish Sinha
Background: Patients undergoing renal transplant (RT) have altered drug/opioid pharmacokinetics. Transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block in renal transplant recipients has been recently evaluated for analgesic and opioid-sparing potential by many trials. Methodology: The studies comparing TAP-block to conventional analgesic regimens for RT were searched. Comparisons were made for total opioids consumed (as morphine-equivalents) during the first postoperative 24-h (primary objective), intraoperative, and immediate-postoperative period...
April 2018: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628834/comparison-of-analgesic-efficacy-and-safety-of-continuous-epidural-infusion-versus-local-infiltration-and-systemic-opioids-in-video-assisted-thoracoscopic-surgery-decortication-in-pediatric-empyema-patients
#17
Priyanka Pradeep Karnik, Nandini Malay Dave, Madhu Garasia
Introduction: The stripping of the densely innervated and inflamed parietal pleura in empyema during video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) decortication can lead to significant pain and major postoperative respiratory compromise. Hence, we compared the analgesic efficacy of continuous epidural infusion versus local infiltration and systemic opioids in children undergoing VATS decortications. Methodology: Following ethics approval and informed consent, forty patients from 1 to 12 years of age were randomized into two groups, Group E (epidural) and Group L (local infiltration) after induction of anesthesia...
April 2018: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627431/the-efficacy-of-ultrasound-guided-type-i-and-type-ii-pectoral-nerve-blocks-for-postoperative-analgesia-after-breast-augmentation-a-prospective-randomised-study
#18
Omer Karaca, Huseyin U Pınar, Enver Arpacı, Rafi Dogan, Oya Y Cok, Ali Ahiskalioglu
PURPOSE: The present study was planned to evaluate the efficacy and safety of ultrasound-guided Pecs I and II blocks for postoperative analgesia after sub-pectoral breast augmentation. METHODS: Fifty-four adult female patients undergoing breast augmentation were randomly divided into two groups: the control group (Group C, n = 27) who were not subjected to block treatment and Pecs group (Group P, n = 27) who received Pecs I (bupivacain 0.25%, 10mL) and Pecs II (bupivacain 0...
April 5, 2018: Anaesthesia, Critical Care & Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623143/efficacy-of-nalbuphine-with-flurbiprofen-on-multimodal-analgesia-with-transverse-abdominis-plane-block-in-elderly-patients-undergoing-open-gastrointestinal-surgery-a-randomized-controlled-double-blinded-trial
#19
Yu Mao, Yuanyuan Cao, Bin Mei, Lijian Chen, Xuesheng Liu, Zhi Zhang, Erwei Gu
Objective: To assess different doses of nalbuphine with flurbiprofen compared to sufentanil with flurbiprofen in multimodal analgesia efficacy for elderly patients undergoing gastrointestinal surgery with a transverse abdominis plane block (TAPB). Methods: 158 elderly patients scheduling for elective open gastrointestinal surgery under general anesthesia and TAPB were randomly assigned to four groups according to different doses of nalbuphine with flurbiprofen in postoperative intravenous analgesia (PCIA)...
2018: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619633/primary-extramedullary-plasmacytoma-of-the-sigmoid-colon-with-perforation-a-case-report
#20
Fumimasa Kitamura, Koichi Doi, Hiroyuki Ishiodori, Tetsufumi Ohchi, Hideo Baba
BACKGROUND: Extramedullary plasmacytomas account for 4% of all plasma cell tumors and occur mainly in the upper respiratory tract; gastrointestinal system involvement is rare. Extramedullary plasmacytoma of the colon with perforation has not been reported. CASE PRESENTATION: A 77-year-old woman with a 1-year history of lower abdominal pain and nausea was admitted to our hospital. An abdominal computed tomography scan revealed a sigmoid tumor with perforation. The patient underwent emergency surgery...
April 4, 2018: Surgical Case Reports
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