Read by QxMD icon Read

Mediastinal lymphadenopathy

Kemal Can Tertemiz, Aylin Ozgen Alpaydin, Volkan Karacam
INTRODUCTION: Many extrathoracic malignancies can metastasize to lungs and mediastinal lymph nodes. Whether mediastinal lesions are metastasis in these patients changes staging, prognosis, and treatment strategy. In this study, we aimed to find out the contribution of EBUS-TBNA to the diagnosis in cases with extrathoracic malignancy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients who had been previously diagnosed as extrapulmonary solid organ malignancy and in whom mediastinal or hilar lymphadenopathy developed during their follow-up and EBUS-TBNA was applied for diagnostic purposes were retrospectively included in this study...
October 21, 2016: Surgical Endoscopy
Zhi-Gang Chu, Bo Sheng, Meng-Qi Liu, Fa-Jin Lv, Qi Li, Yu Ouyang
OBJECTIVES: To clarify differences between solitary pulmonary inflammatory lesions and peripheral lung cancers with contrast-enhanced computed tomography. METHODS: In total, 64 and 132 patients with solitary pulmonary inflammatory masses/nodules and peripheral lung cancers, respectively, were enrolled in this study. Their computed tomographic findings were summarized and compared retrospectively. RESULTS: Compared with the peripheral lung cancers, the inflammatory lesions were located closer to the pleura (p<0...
October 1, 2016: Clinics
Sahajal Dhooria, Nalini Gupta, Amanjit Bal, Inderpaul Singh Sehgal, Ashutosh Nath Aggarwal, Sunil Sethi, Digambar Behera, Ritesh Agarwal
BACKGROUND: In patients with intrathoracic lymphadenopathy, differentiating tuberculosis from sarcoidosis is often difficult. We hypothesized that Xpert MTB/RIF assay, a semi-automated hemi-nested PCR would help in this regard. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the performance of Xpert MTB/RIF in the differential diagnosis of tuberculosis and sarcoidosis. METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis of patients with intrathoracic lymphadenopathy who underwent endobronchial ultrasound (EBUS)-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (TBNA), and were diagnosed as either tuberculosis or sarcoidosis...
October 7, 2016: Sarcoidosis, Vasculitis, and Diffuse Lung Diseases: Official Journal of WASOG
Mostafa Jafari, Donya Farrokh, Najmeh Mohammadpanah
Sarcoidosis is a multi-system inflammatory disorder of unknown etiology that is manifested by the presence of non-caseating granulomas. Multiple pulmonary nodules are rare presentations of sarcoidosis. We report a case of nodular sarcoidosis in a young male of Middle-East origin who had initially presented with bilateral painful ankle edema. His chest X-ray showed multiple bilateral pulmonary nodules. A high resolution computed tomography scan of the chest demonstrated multiple pulmonary nodular lesions and also mediastinal and hilar lymphadenopathy...
August 2016: Electronic Physician
Damien Desbuquoit, Stijn Van Hecke, Pjotr Even, Paul M Parizel, Jan P van Meerbeeck, Annemie Snoeckx
The authors report a case of thoracic splenosis, which is the autotransplantation of splenic tissue into the pleural cavity. Splenosis in the chest is a rare entity and most often an incidental finding on chest computed tomography, typically showing solitary or multiple well-defined, noncalcified pleural nodules of variable size in the left hemithorax. It is important to include this benign pathology in the differential diagnosis among other, generally malignant, pleural lesions. Imaging clues to the diagnosis are absence of the spleen and/or associated rib fractures...
May 2016: Case Reports in Oncology
Sue-Ann Teh, David A Kandiah
Scleromyxedema is part of a group of cutaneous mucinoses, characterized by a generalized papular eruption, dermal mucin deposition, and an increase in dermal collagen. This condition can be localized as discrete papular lichen myxedematous skin or as a systemic condition usually associated with paraproteinaemia. To date, there is no unifying treatment and is limited by rarity, small number of case reports, and the lack of randomized controlled trials. We describe the case of a 56-year-old gentleman with features of scleromyxedema who had cutaneous and cardiac involvement, and significant mediastinal lymphadenopathy without monoclonal gammopathy...
2016: International Medical Case Reports Journal
Neriman Sarı, Nurettin Okur, Gulin Uçmak, İnci Ergürhan İlhan
We report a 16-year-old male patient diagnosed with paratesticular rhabdomyosarcoma and mediastinal tuberculous lymphadenitis. The differential diagnosis between high or early stage of rhabdomyosarcoma and tuberculosis (TB) was critical in this patient without a history of TB. Unexpected lymphadenopathies detected during the staging of patients with malignancy should be carefully evaluated, and TB should be taken into consideration in the differential diagnosis especially in underdeveloped and developing countries...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
Bode Falase, Mgbajah Ogadinma, Adetinuwe Majekodunmi, Barakat Nimasahun, Olufunke Adeyeye
INTRODUCTION: Cervical mediastinoscopy is the gold standard for obtaining histological diagnosis of mediastinal pathology. It has been used for the staging of lung cancer as well as to determine the cause of Isolated Mediastinal Lymphadenopathy. There is very limited evidence in the literature of its use in Nigeria to assess mediastinal pathology. The aim of this study was to describe our institutional experience with cervical mediastinoscopy. METHODS: This study was a retrospective analysis of 40 patients that underwent cervical mediastinoscopy in our institution between March 2007 and February 2013...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
Maria Teresa Ramieri, Ferdinando Marandino, Paolo Visca, Tommaso Salvitti, Enzo Gallo, Beatrice Casini, Francesca Romana Giordano, Claudia Frigieri, Mauro Caterino, Sandro Carlini, Massimo Rinaldi, Anna Ceribelli, Annarita Pennetti, Pier Luigi Alò, Mirella Marino, Edoardo Pescarmona, Massimo Filippetti
BACKGROUND: Conventional transbronchial needle aspiration (c-TBNA) contributed to improve the bronchoscopic examination, allowing to sample lesions located even outside the tracheo-bronchial tree and in the hilo-mediastinal district, both for diagnostic and staging purposes. METHODS: We have evaluated the sensitivity, accuracy, positive predictive value (PPV) and negative predictive value (NPV) of the c-TBNA performed during the 2005-2015 period for suspicious lung neoplasia and/or hilar and mediastinal lymphadenopathy at the Thoracic endoscopy of the Thoracic Surgery Department of the Regina Elena National Cancer Institute, Rome...
August 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
Jana P Lovell, Christa S Zerbe, Kenneth N Olivier, Reginald J Claypool, Cathleen Frein, Victoria L Anderson, Alexandra F Freeman, Steven M Holland
RATIONALE: Mycobacterium kansasii usually causes chronic pulmonary infections in immunocompetent patients. In contrast, disseminated M. kansasii disease is commonly associated with advanced HIV infection, but is reported infrequently in other immunocompromised patients. OBJECTIVES: To identify common clinical manifestations and potential risk factors for M. kansasii infection in patients with GATA2 deficiency. METHODS: We reviewed M. kansasii disease associated with GATA2 deficiency at one institution and disease associated with primary and other immunodeficiencies reported in the literature...
September 8, 2016: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
Ruka Nakata, Shunsuke Yoshimura, Masakatsu Motomura, Akira Tsujino, Tomayoshi Hayashi, Minoru Hara
IgG4-related disease is a systemic disease characterized by lesions with IgG4 positive plasma cell infiltration in the involved organs and a raised serum IgG4 level. We report a patient of 70-year-old male presented orbital inflammation of IgG4-related disease. The patient developed right eye pain, double vision, and reduced eye sight. MRI image revealed mild right ocular proptosis and swelling of right carvenous sinus, bilateral intraorbital extraocular muscles and right optic nerve. Right optic nerve showed ring-like enhancement...
September 29, 2016: Rinshō Shinkeigaku, Clinical Neurology
Onkar Kumar Jha, Arjun Khanna, Charul Dabral, Deepak Talwar
Broncholithiasis is an often overlooked condition and has been associated with symptoms such as cough, hemoptysis, and recurrent respiratory infections. The most common mechanism of a broncholith formation is the enlargement and subsequent erosion of a lymph node into an adjacent airway. Here, we describe this entity in a patient with advanced allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis, with chronic hypercapnic respiratory failure, and with frequent infective exacerbations. These frequent exacerbations were initially attributed to the poor lung function of the patient and the inability to cough out the secretions...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
Yusuf Karakas, Ece Esin, Sahin Lacin, Koray Ceyhan, Aylin Okcu Heper, Suayib Yalcin
A 55-year-old man presented with oral mucosal ulcers, blackening of both hands, and hyperpigmentation on axillary, anal, and inguinal regions for the last 3 months, which were all progressive. The patient was referred to the oncology department with the diagnosis of acanthosis nigricans for investigation of an underlying malignancy. He was a smoker. A computed tomography scan of thorax revealed enlarged mediastinal lymphadenopathies and a lesion on the left upper lobe. Fine-needle aspiration biopsy of the mediastinal lesion was consistent with squamous cell carcinoma, and biopsies of the skin and oral mucosal lesion also further confirmed the diagnosis of acanthosis nigricans...
2016: OncoTargets and Therapy
Manolya Acar, Murat Sütçü, Hacer Aktürk, Selda Hançerli Törün, Nurinisa Karagöz, Hayati Beka, Ensar Yekeler, Ali Ağaçfidan, Nuran Salman, Ayper Somer
Cryptococcus neoformans is an important opportunistic pathogen that causes serious mortality and morbidity in AIDS patients. Although its incidence has decreased with proper antiretroviral treatment (ART), it is still a major concern in areas with low socioeconomic HIV endemic countries with poor sources of therapy. In our country, pediatric HIV infection and so, HIV-related opportunistic infections are very rare. In order to pay attention to this unusual collaboration; herein, we presented a pediatric case who was diagnosed with HIV and disseminated cryptococcus infection concomitantly...
July 2016: Mikrobiyoloji Bülteni
Kentaro Sakashita, Kengo Murata, Yuji Inagaki, Souichi Oota, Mikio Takamori
Thrombocytopenia (T), anasarca (A), myelofibrosis (F), renal dysfunction (R), and organomegaly (O) (TAFRO) syndrome is a variant of multicentric Castleman's disease. We describe here a 57-year-old man who presented with persistent fever, pleural effusion, and ascites. He was negative for human immunodeficiency virus and human herpes virus-8. A computed tomography scan showed an anterior mediastinal mass and small inguinal lymphadenopathy. Although a biopsy of the anterior mediastinum showed fatty tissue infiltrated with CD20 (+) and CD45RO (+) lymphocytes, a biopsy of the left inguinal lymph node revealed a hyaline vascular type of Castleman's disease...
September 2016: Respirology Case Reports
Tetsuro Sawata, Masashi Bando, Masayuki Nakayama, Naoko Mato, Tamiko Takemura, Yukihiko Sugiyama
Pulmonary sarcoidosis is reported to have complication of lymphoproliferative disease such as malignant lymphoma, but the complication of multicentric Castleman's disease (MCD) is rarely reported. In our case of a 60-year-old woman, bilateral hilar lymphadenopathy was noted in her chest X-ray. We performed a transbronchial lung biopsy. She was diagnosed as having pulmonary sarcoidosis (Stage II). The shadow on chest X-ray disappeared without treatment. However, after 8 years, swelling of the mediastinal and abdominal lymph node, thickened bronchovascular bundle, and multiple nodular shadows were identified, and a thoracoscopic lung biopsy was performed...
July 2016: Respirology Case Reports
Yasushi Murakami, Masahide Oki, Hideo Saka, Shigehisa Kajikawa, Ayuka Murakami, Akane Ishida
We herein report a rare case of disseminated cryptococcosis presenting as mediastinal and hilar lymphadenopathy in a young immunocompetent man. A previously healthy 26-year-old man presented with persistent headache and nonproductive cough. Chest computed tomography indicated mediastinal and hilar lymphadenopathy. Cryptococcal lymphadenitis and meningitis was confirmed by endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration and central spinal fluid examination, respectively. He received liposomal amphotericin B and flucytosine followed by fluconazole and finally improved...
July 2016: Respirology Case Reports
Anar Aliyev, Sabire Yilmaz Aksoy, Meftune Özhan, Özgül Ekmekçioğlu, Betül Vatankulu, Pınar Çiğdem Kocael, Muhammet Sait Sağer, Melih Engin Erkan, Kerim Sönmezoğlu, Metin Halaç
BACKGROUND/AIM: We aimed to evaluate the role of FDG PET/CT in the detection of extraaxillary regional nodal/distant metastasis in breast cancer patients and to assess the value of FDG PET/CT for detecting distant metastases in patient subgroups. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 254 patients with breast cancer (248 female, 6 male) who underwent PET/CT for initial staging were enrolled. Patients were divided into four groups: Group 1 consisted of 154 patients diagnosed by tru-cut/core/FNAB, Group 2 comprised 32 patients diagnosed by excisional biopsy, Group 3 included 62 patients who had mastectomy-axillary lymph node dissection, and Group 4 consisted of 6 patients who had axillary lymph node metastasis diagnosed by excisional biopsy...
2016: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
Onur Fevzi Erer, Ceyda Anar, Serhat Erol, Serir Özkan
BACKGROUND/AIM: The aim of this study was to determine the diagnostic performance of endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) in the diagnosis of mediastinal and hilar lymph nodes (LNs) in patients with known extrapulmonary malignancy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between March 2011 and August 2013, 378 EBUS-TBNA procedures were performed. Sixty-three (16.6%) of these were performed on known extrapulmonary malignancy patients. RESULTS: There were 28 male and 35 female patients, with median ages of 65 years (min-max: 53-87) and 57 years (min-max: 39-76), respectively...
2016: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
Aliena Badshah, Salman Khan, Usman Saeed
This report describes a patient who presented with pancoast syndrome, secondary to spindle cell sarcoma of the lung. A 56-year man presented with dyspnea, engorged neck veins and bilateral upper limb pitting edema. The patient also had ptosis and miosis in the right eye. Right ulnar nerve palsy with atrophy of hand muscles was seen. His chest X-ray showed bilateral pleural effusion with an opacity involving the apex of the right lung along with mediastinal widening. Echocardiography revealed a pericardial effusion which was drained...
July 2016: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"