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Secondary spontaneous pneumothorax

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867569/does-11-5-mm-guided-single-port-surgery-has-clinical-advantage-than-multi-port-thoracoscopic-surgery-in-spontaneous-pneumothorax
#1
Hyun Woo Jeon, Young-Du Kim
BACKGROUND: Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) has been widely used for spontaneous pneumothorax (SP). In recent years, thoracic surgeons have attempted single incision or single port surgery with the development of surgical technology and skills. Theoretically, single port surgery is expected to provide benefits such as less pain and early recovery. The purpose of this study was to determine the benefits of single port surgery in SP. METHODS: The 107 patients with SP who underwent surgery, between July 2013 and May 2015, were reviewed retrospectively...
October 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867567/influence-of-old-pulmonary-tuberculosis-on-the-management-of-secondary-spontaneous-pneumothorax-in-patients-over-the-age-of-70-years
#2
Sang Cjeol Lee, Deok Heon Lee
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate the treatment outcomes and influence of old pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) in elderly patients (over 70 years) with secondary spontaneous pneumothorax (SSP). METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed on patients with SSP between January 2002 and December 2014. Treatment outcomes including chest tube duration (CTD), type and complication of surgery, recurrence and survival rate were obtained from the review of medical records and analyzed statistically...
October 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824001/pneumomediastinum-secondary-to-foreign-body-aspiration-clinical-features-and-treatment-explorement-in-39-pediatric-patients
#3
Xiao-Jian Yang, Jie Zhang, Ping Chu, Yong-Li Guo, Jun Tai, Ya-Mei Zhang, Li-Xing Tang, Xin Ni
BACKGROUND: Pneumomediastinum (PM) secondary to foreign body aspiration (FBA) is rare in children. Although it is mainly benign, some cases may be fatal. Due to the rare nature of this clinical entity, proper assessment and management have been poorly studied so far. Here, we characterized the presentation and management of this clinical entity and provided an evaluation system for the management. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed children with PM secondary to FBA, who were treated in Beijing Children's Hospital from January 2010 to December 2015...
2016: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27775299/-spontaneous-pneumothorax-in-children-factors-associated-with-their-recurrence
#4
P Jiménez Arribas, S López-Fernández, A Laín Fernández, G Guillén Burrieza, J Lloret Roca
INTRODUCTION: Recurrence of spontaneous pneumothorax (SP) is more frequent in pediatric patients. The purpose of our study was to identify factors associated with this recurrence. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospective review of the chart of patients with SP treated at our institution between 2004 and 2014. Statistic methods (χ2 and logistic regression) were used analyzing age, gender, side and size of pneumothorax and therapeutic approach as possible predictive factors of SP recurrence...
October 10, 2015: Cirugía Pediátrica: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Cirugía Pediátrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27730786/unusual-cause-of-spontaneous-bilateral-pneumothorax-secondary-to-osteosarcoma-metastasis
#5
Barun Kumar Sen, Mitali Basu, Sukdeb Das, Abhay Nath Chaturvedi
Spontaneous pneumothorax is an emergency situation and early diagnosis and management is very important. Pneumothorax is rarely the first manifestation of lung metastasis. Spontaneous pneumothoraxes have been reported in some osteosarcoma patients. We hereby report a case of a bilateral spontaneous pneumothorax, revealing metastasis of an osteosarcoma.
February 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27647978/management-of-prolonged-pulmonary-air-leaks-with-endobronchial-valve-placement
#6
Charles Bakhos, Peter Doelken, Stevan Pupovac, Ashar Ata, Tom Fabian
BACKGROUND: Prolonged pulmonary air leaks (PALs) are associated with increased morbidity and extended hospital stay. We sought to investigate the role of bronchoscopic placement of 1-way valves in treating this condition. METHODS: We queried a prospectively maintained database of patients with PAL lasting more than 7 days at a tertiary medical center. Main outcome measures included duration of chest tube placement and hospital stay before and after valve deployment...
July 2016: JSLS: Journal of the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27642565/recurrent-spontaneous-pneumothoraces-and-bullous-emphysema-a-novel-mutation-causing-birt-hogg-dube-syndrome
#7
Andrew Burkett, Niamh Coffey, Eva Tomiak, Nha Voduc
Birt-Hogg-Dube syndrome (BHDS) is a rare form of classically cystic lung disease that may present with spontaneous pneumothorax. The associated skin manifestations (fibrofolliculomas) are not always present. This article describes a case of spontaneous pneumothorax secondary to bullous emphysema in an otherwise healthy gentleman caused by a novel mutation in the folliculin (FLCN) gene.
2016: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27625060/study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-invasive-versus-conservative-management-of-primary-spontaneous-pneumothorax
#8
Simon G A Brown, Emma L Ball, Kyle Perrin, Catherine A Read, Stephen E Asha, Richard Beasley, Diana Egerton-Warburton, Peter G Jones, Gerben Keijzers, Frances B Kinnear, Ben C H Kwan, Y C Gary Lee, Julian A Smith, Quentin A Summers, Graham Simpson
INTRODUCTION: Current management of primary spontaneous pneumothorax (PSP) is variable, with little evidence from randomised controlled trials to guide treatment. Guidelines emphasise intervention in many patients, which involves chest drain insertion, hospital admission and occasionally surgery. However, there is evidence that conservative management may be effective and safe, and it may also reduce the risk of recurrence. Significant questions remain regarding the optimal initial approach to the management of PSP...
September 13, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27549542/an-unusual-case-of-needle-embolus-presenting-with-delayed-spontaneous-pneumothorax
#9
May Al-Sahaf, Leanne Harling, Karen Harrison-Phipps, Andrea Bille
We report the case of a 39-year-old man presenting with an acute right-sided traumatic pneumothorax secondary to migration of a hypodermic needle fractured during intravenous drug use. We discuss the unusual passage of this foreign body from the left groin to the right ventricular wall and into the mediastinum, ultimately presenting with a right pneumothorax 1 year later.
September 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27454474/intrabronchial-infusion-of-autologous-blood-plus-thrombin-for-intractable-pneumothorax-after-bronchial-occlusion-using-silicon-spigots-a-case-series-of-9-patients-with-emphysema
#10
Yasuyuki Mizumori, Yasuharu Nakahara, Tetsuji Kawamura, Shin Sasaki, Hiroaki Tsukamoto, Yoshiro Mochiduki
BACKGROUND: Bronchial occlusion therapy using silicon spigots is effective for intractable pneumothorax. However, sometimes the pneumothorax is refractory to bronchial occlusion because of collateral ventilation. For such difficult pneumothoraces, we attempted an intrabronchial infusion of autologous blood plus thrombin to control collateral ventilation and stop air leaks. METHODS: We performed bronchial occlusions using silicon spigots in patients with spontaneous pneumothorax secondary to emphysema and refractory to chest drainage, but which was inoperable owing to each patient's poor surgical candidacy and poor overall health condition...
July 2016: Journal of Bronchology & Interventional Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27445518/identifying-primary-spontaneous-pneumothorax-from-administrative-databases-a-validation-study
#11
Eric Frechette, Keegan Guidolin, Ayman Seyam, Yun-Hee Choi, Sarah Jones, J Andrew McClure, Jennifer Winick-Ng, Blayne Welk, Richard A Malthaner
Introduction. Primary spontaneous pneumothorax (PSP) is a disorder commonly encountered in healthy young individuals. There is no differentiation between PSP and secondary pneumothorax (SP) in the current version of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10). This complicates the conduct of epidemiological studies on the subject. Objective. To validate the accuracy of an algorithm that identifies cases of PSP from administrative databases. Methods. The charts of 150 patients who consulted the emergency room (ER) with a recorded main diagnosis of pneumothorax were reviewed to define the type of pneumothorax that occurred...
2016: Canadian Respiratory Journal: Journal of the Canadian Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27442650/pneumothorax-associated-with-nontuberculous-mycobacteria-a-retrospective-study-of-69-patients
#12
Masako Ueyama, Takanori Asakura, Kozo Morimoto, Ho Namkoong, Shuichi Matsuda, Takeshi Osawa, Makoto Ishii, Naoki Hasegawa, Atsuyuki Kurashima, Hajime Goto
The incidence of nontuberculous mycobacterial pulmonary disease (NTMPD) is increasing worldwide. Secondary spontaneous pneumothorax occurs as a complication of underlying lung disease and is associated with higher morbidity, mortality, and recurrence than primary spontaneous pneumothorax. We here investigated the clinical features and long-term outcomes of pneumothorax associated with NTMPD.We conducted a retrospective study on consecutive adult patients with pneumothorax associated with NTMPD at Fukujuji Hospital and Keio University Hospital from January 1992 to December 2013...
July 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27320840/are-esophagrams-indicated-in-pediatric-patients-with-spontaneous-pneumomediastinum
#13
Edward J Richer, Ramon Sanchez
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Spontaneous pneumomediastinum is an infrequent condition in pediatric patients. Presenting symptoms include chest pain, dysphagia, or vomiting, without initiating event. Patients may undergo esophagram because of concern for esophageal perforation as the source for pneumomediastinum, however, abnormalities are rarely demonstrated. The objective of this study is to identify whether esophagrams performed on pediatric patients for spontaneous pneumomediastinum are warranted...
June 6, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27234868/long-term-follow-up-of-implantable-cardioverter-defibrillators-in-adult-congenital-heart-disease-patients-indications-and-outcomes
#14
Sandhya Santharam, Lucy Hudsmith, Sara Thorne, Paul Clift, Howard Marshall, Joseph De Bono
AIMS: Ventricular arrhythmias are a major cause of mortality in adult congenital heart disease (ACHD) patients. The European Society of Cardiology guidelines state that implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICD) should be considered in patients with congenital heart disease following spontaneous sustained ventricular tachycardia (VT) or cardiac arrest and in patients at presumed high risk. This study sought to analyse the circumstances in which ACHD patients received ICD and to assess outcomes of ICD implantation, including therapies delivered and the rate of complications...
May 26, 2016: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27226399/is-video-assisted-thoracoscopic-surgery-talc-pleurodesis-superior-to-talc-pleurodesis-via-tube-thoracostomy-in-patients-with-secondary-spontaneous-pneumothorax
#15
Hany Hasan Elsayed, Aly Hassaballa, Taha Ahmed
A best evidence topic in thoracic surgery was written according to a structured protocol. The question addressed was [in patients with secondary spontaneous pneumothorax (SSP)] is [video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery talc pleurodesis] superior to [talc pleurodesis through tube thoracostomy] in terms of [absence of recurrence and procedure morbidity]? Seventy-three papers were found using the reported search. In looking through our search strategy, we selected studies comparing both procedures and studies performing either procedures and stating their outcome, morbidity mortality and rate of recurrence...
September 2016: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27212974/the-efficacy-and-economical-benefits-of-blood-patch-pleurodesis-in-secondary-spontaneous-pneumothorax-patients
#16
Serdar Evman, Levent Alpay, Serda Metin, Hakan Kıral, Mine Demir, Murat Yalçinsoy, Volkan Baysungur, Irfan Yalçinkaya
INTRODUCTION: Prolonged air leak in secondary spontaneous pneumothorax (SSP) patients remains one of the biggest challenges for thoracic surgeons. This study investigates the feasibility, effectiveness, clinical outcomes, and economical benefits of the autologous blood patch pleurodesis method in SSP. MATERIAL AND METHODS: First-episode SSP patients undergoing autologous blood patch pleurodesis for resistant air leak following underwater-seal thoracostomy, between January 2010 and June 2013 were taken into the study...
March 2016: Kardiochirurgia i Torakochirurgia Polska, Polish Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27164729/clinical-profile-of-spontaneous-pneumothorax-in-adults-a-retrospective-study
#17
Yellapu Gayatridevi, Namballa Usharani, Allena Premkumar, Gorantla Sambasivarao, Vipparthi Surya Kumari, Sarella Joshua
BACKGROUND: Pneumothorax is an important cause of morbidity and mortality, but limited data are available regarding the aetiology, clinical profile, management and outcome of spontaneous pneumothorax from India in recent times. METHODS: This was a retrospective observational study conducted at a Government chest hospital which included patients with the diagnosis of spontaneous pneumothorax seen over a period of one year. Demographic, clinical, radiological and treatment data were collected from hospital records and analysed...
October 2015: Indian Journal of Chest Diseases & Allied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27091938/thoracoscopic-modified-pleural-tent-for-spontaneous-pneumothorax
#18
Riken Kawachi, Rie Matsuwaki, Keisei Tachibana, Shin Karita, Yoko Nakazato, Ryota Tanaka, Yasushi Nagashima, Hidefumi Takei, Haruhiko Kondo
OBJECTIVES: We developed a modified pleural tent (m-tent) procedure and used it in our hospital in almost 30 consecutive patients with spontaneous pneumothorax. The objective of this study was to clarify the feasibility and effectiveness of a thoracoscopic m-tent for the treatment of spontaneous pneumothorax. METHODS: From July 2013 to November 2014, 107 patients with spontaneous pneumothorax were treated in our institution. Eighty-nine of these patients were analysed retrospectively...
August 2016: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27091206/recurrent-primary-spontaneous-pneumothorax-is-common-following-chest-tube-and-conservative-treatment
#19
Winnie Hedevang Olesen, Rune Lindahl-Jacobsen, Niels Katballe, Jesper Eske Sindby, Ingrid Louise Titlestad, Poul Erik Andersen, Peter Bjørn Licht
INTRODUCTION: Previous studies on primary spontaneous pneumothorax reported variable recurrence rates, but they were based on heterogeneous patient populations including secondary pneumothorax. We investigated young patients with primary spontaneous pneumothorax exclusively and used a national registry to track readmissions and calculate independent predictors of recurrence. METHODS: A prospective cohort study of consecutive young patients who were admitted over a 5-year period with their first episode of primary spontaneous pneumothorax and treated conservatively with a chest tube...
September 2016: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27042232/recurrent-bilateral-spontaneous-pneumothorax-secondary-to-lung-adenocarcinoma-with-epidermal-growth-factor-receptor-mutation
#20
Wenhui Chen, Yingxiang Lin, Yanxia Yu, Ping Wei, Huaping Dai
A 42-year-old female patient was admitted for recurrent bilateral spontaneous pneumothorax. High resolution computed tomography showed bilateral pneumothorax and numerous round and oval, thin-walled lung cysts. Microscopically, each small cyst was composed of distended subpleural alveolar spaces. Tumor cells, characteristic of acinar adenocarcinoma, obstructed and narrowed the terminal bronchioles. There was no tumor necrosis or mucin production. This suggested check-valve as a possible mechanism of the thin-walled cysts and pneumothorax...
March 2016: Thoracic Cancer
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