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Talc pleurodesis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932537/the-role-of-video-assisted-thoracoscopic-surgery-for-management-of-symptomatic-pleural-effusion-after-coronary-artery-bypass-surgery-a-best-evidence-topic-report
#1
REVIEW
Alfonso Fiorelli, Francesco Caronia, Aldo Prencipe, Mario Santini, Brendon Stiles
A best evidence topic in thoracic surgery was written addressing whether video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) talc pleurodesis could be justified in patients with pleural effusion (PE) after coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery and no-responded to repeated thoracentesis. Ten papers were identified to answer the question. Of these, two were case-series study including ≥4 patients, 7 retrospective analytical studies, and one observational study but no randomized controlled trial (RCTs) was included in the analysis...
August 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928841/lung-cancer-requires-multidisciplinary-treatment-to-improve-patient-survival-a-case-report
#2
Aldo Pezzuto, Fabrizio Terzo, Maria Laura Graziani, Alberto Ricci, Pierdonato Bruno, Salvatore Mariotta
The present study reports two cases of lung cancer with the involvement of the pleura. The diagnosis of adenocarcinoma with epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation was made following repeated thoracentesis with cytology of pleural fluid and thoracoscopy with pleural biopsies. Talc pleurodesis was successfully performed in both cases subsequent to diagnosis. Following talc pleurodesis, the first patient (62 years old; male; non-smoker) underwent 3 cycles of cisplatin/vinorelbine chemotherapy, with a poor response...
September 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861859/sodium-hydroxide-as-a-sclerosing-agent-in-patients-with-neoplastic-pleural-effusion-non-candidates-for-vats-results-of-a-minimally-invasive-protocol
#3
Micaela Raices, Matías E Czerwonko, Agustin Dietrich, Alejandro Da Lozzo, Enrique Beveraggi, David Smith
Symptomatic neoplastic pleural effusion (SNPE) is a significant cause of morbidity in patients with advanced neoplastic disease. These patients often present a deteriorated general condition which prevents them from undergoing pleurodesis with video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS). We developed a minimally invasive therapeutic protocol specially designed for this population, achieved by combining chemical pleurodesis with placement of small-bore pleural catheters (PC), which resulted in early hospital discharge, low morbimortality and good therapeutic results...
August 31, 2017: Updates in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799457/a-single-institution-experience-for-the-management-of-recurrent-pleural-effusions-with-tunneled-pleural-catheter-and-its-evolution
#4
Tuhina Raman, Nikhil Meena
BACKGROUND: Indwelling tunneled pleural catheters (TPCs) are increasingly being used to treat recurrent pleural effusions. There is also an increased interest in early pleurodesis in order to prevent infectious complications. We studied the time to removal and other outcomes for all the TPCs placed at our institution. METHODS: After institutional review board approval, records of patients who had had a TPC placed between July 2009 and June 2016 were reviewed; the catheters were placed in an endoscopy suite or during pleuroscopy with or without a sclerosant...
August 1, 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Respiratory Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717073/interstitial-lung-disease-after-pleurodesis-for-malignant-pleural-effusion
#5
Norihito Yokoe, Eisuke Katsuda, Kenshi Kosaka, Rie Hamanaka, Ayako Matsubara, Masaki Nishimura, Hiroyuki Tanaka, Nobuhiro Asai, Ayumu Takahashi, Toshiki Kawamura, Tsuneo Ishiguchi, Etsuro Yamaguchi, Akihito Kubo
Objective Pleurodesis is an effective therapy for malignant pleural effusion (MPE). While interstitial lung disease (ILD) has been regarded as a serious complication of pleurodesis, its clinicopathological characteristics have not been fully understood. This study was conducted to elucidate the incidence of ILD and the risk factors for ILD in patients who underwent pleurodesis to control MPE. Methods The medical records of patients who underwent pleurodesis in Aichi Medical University between March 2008 and February 2013, the period before the approval of talc in Japan, were retrospectively analyzed...
2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702414/an-observational-study-on-safety-and-efficacy-of-povidone-iodine-for-pleurodesis-in-cancer-patients
#6
Ayush Makkar, Sanjeev Patni, Anjum Khan Joad, Kamal Kishor Lakhera
INTRODUCTION: Pleurodesis is a time-honored procedure for malignant effusion as one of the palliative procedures to treat recurrent effusions. Various agents have been used in the past such as tetracycline, talc, bleomycin, and povidone-iodine. This paper aims at evaluating safety and efficacy of povidone-iodine for the procedure. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred and four patients underwent of pleurodesis with povidone-iodine done at our center for malignant effusion between June 2008 and August 2015...
April 2017: South Asian Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651470/cosmetic-talc-as-a-risk-factor-for-pleural-mesothelioma-a-weight-of-evidence-evaluation-of-the-epidemiology
#7
Brent L Finley, Stacey M Benson, Gary M Marsh
OBJECTIVE: Due to some historical (and inaccurate) reports that asbestos might be present in some cosmetic talc products, questions are occasionally raised regarding the potential pleural mesothelioma risks associated with cosmetic talc products. Our objective was to determine the incidence of pleural mesothelioma of individuals exposed to cosmetic talc. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a systematic review of the epidemiological literature for cosmetic talc miners and millers and found three occupational cohort studies that evaluated pleural mesothelioma incidence in workers in Italy, Norway, France, and Austria...
March 2017: Inhalation Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641878/diagnosis-and-management-of-pleural-transudates
#8
Lucía Ferreiro, José M Porcel, Luis Valdés
Various clinical trials have been published on the optimal clinical management of patients with pleural exudates, particularly those caused by malignant tumors, while little information is available on the diagnosis and treatment of pleural transudates. The etiology of pleural transudates is wide and heterogeneous, and they can be caused by rare diseases, sometimes constituting a diagnostic challenge. Analysis of the pleural fluid can be a useful procedure for establishing diagnosis. Treatment should target not only the underlying disease, but also management of the pleural effusion itself...
June 19, 2017: Archivos de Bronconeumología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625655/a-randomized-controlled-trial-comparing-indwelling-pleural-catheters-with-talc-pleurodesis-nvalt-14
#9
R C Boshuizen, V Vd Noort, J A Burgers, G J M Herder, S M S Hashemi, T J N Hiltermann, P W Kunst, J A Stigt, M M van den Heuvel
BACKGROUND: Symptomatic malignant pleural effusion (MPE) occurs frequently in patients with metastatic cancer. The associated prognosis is poor and the success rate of talc pleurodesis (TP) is low. Indwelling pleural catheters (IPCs) are commonly inserted when TP has been unsuccessful. METHODS: We compared talc pleurodesis with the use of an indwelling pleural catheter in patients with recurrent MPE in a multicenter randomized controlled trial (superiority design)...
June 2017: Lung Cancer: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606378/predictors-of-talc-slurry-pleurodesis-success-in-patients-with-malignant-pleural-effusions
#10
P S Santos, M A Marques, C Cruz, H Monteiro, F Fradinho
INTRODUCTION: Malignant pleural effusions are an important burden of malignant disease. Slurry talc pleurodesis remains one of the most common and effective therapeutic options. AIM: Investigate the predictive factors related with the efficacy of this technique in malignant pleural effusions. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of all pleurodesis performed during a 10-year period in a Pulmonology Unit. All demographic and clinical data were collected, including the histologic tumoral type and the biochemical, microbiological and cytological fluid features...
June 9, 2017: Revista Portuguesa de Pneumologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554586/intense-pleural-fdg-uptake-12-years-after-talc-pleurodesis-pet-ct-findings
#11
Luis Gorospe Sarasúa, Raquel Jover-Díaz, Paola Arrieta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 26, 2017: Archivos de Bronconeumología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538019/if-background-lung-abnormalities-do-not-affect-the-presentation-of-spontaneous-pneumothorax-is-lung-resection-always-justified
#12
Rocco Bilancia, Annabel J Sharkey, Amit Paik, David A Waller
BACKGROUND: The suggestion that spontaneous pneumothorax (SP) may result from diffuse porosity rather than discrete anatomic abnormality challenges the practice of targeted bullectomy. We assessed whether underlying pulmonary abnormalities are correlated or could be predicted from the mode of presentation, with potential implications for treatment. METHODS: We analyzed 192 consecutive video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery resections for SP (139 primary, 53 secondary) in 171 patients (115 male, age 36, range, 16 to 81)...
July 2017: Journal of Bronchology & Interventional Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515745/new-aspects-in-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-primary-spontaneous-pneumothorax
#13
Agata Dżeljilji, Wojciech Rokicki, Marek Rokicki, Krzysztof Karuś
This paper provides a recapitulation of the position of the British Thoracic Society and the American College of Chest Physicians based on a review of the literature concerning the current methods of diagnosing and treating primary spontaneous pneumothorax (PSP). The previously developed guidelines were re-evaluated in 2015 by a task force of the European Respiratory Society (ERS). They are intended to be used by surgeons as well as emergency and pulmonary ward physicians, and they apply largely to emergency procedures...
March 2017: Kardiochirurgia i Torakochirurgia Polska, Polish Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489449/progressive-respiratory-failure-a-rare-complication-after-graded-talc-pleurodesis
#14
Terry J Evans, Parthipan Sivakumar, Liju Ahmed
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2, 2017: British Journal of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426471/advances-in-the-management-of-malignant-pleural-effusion
#15
Labib G Debiane, David E Ost
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The current review describes the latest evidence in the management of malignant pleural effusions (MPE). RECENT FINDINGS: Daily drainage of indwelling pleural catheters achieved auto-pleurodesis at a higher rate compared with every-other-day drainage [0.47 vs. 0.24; difference in proportion of 0.23; 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.08-0.38; P = 0.003]. In patients with MPE undergoing talc pleurodesis, a large multicenter randomized clinical trial found that pain control with opiates vs...
July 2017: Current Opinion in Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406718/pleural-touch-preparations-and-direct-visualization-of-the-pleura-during-medical-thoracoscopy-for-the-diagnosis-of-malignancy
#16
Horiana B Grosu, Macarena Vial-Rodriguez, Erik Vakil, Roberto F Casal, George A Eapen, Rodolfo Morice, John Stewart, Mona G Sarkiss, David E Ost
RATIONALE: During diagnostic thoracoscopy, talc pleurodesis after biopsy is appropriate if the probability of malignancy is sufficiently high. Findings on direct visual assessment of the pleura during thoracoscopy, rapid onsite evaluation (ROSE) of touch preparations (touch preps) of thoracoscopic biopsy specimens, and preoperative imaging may help predict the likelihood of malignancy; however, data on the performance of these methods are limited. OBJECTIVES: To assess the performance of ROSE of touch preps, direct visual assessment of the pleura during thoracoscopy, and preoperative imaging in diagnosing malignancy...
August 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271728/comparing-approaches-to-the-management-of-malignant-pleural-effusions
#17
REVIEW
José M Porcel, Macy Mei-Sze Lui, Andrew D Lerner, Helen E Davies, David Feller-Kopman, Y C Gary Lee
Management of symptomatic malignant pleural effusions is becoming more complex due to the range of treatment options, which include therapeutic thoracenteses, thoracoscopic talc pleurodesis, bedside pleurodesis with talc or other sclerosing agents via small-bore chest catheters, indwelling pleural catheters, surgery, or a combination of some of these procedures. Areas covered: Recent advances for the expanding range of treatment options in malignant pleural effusions are summarized, according to the best available evidence...
April 2017: Expert Review of Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271362/mesothelioid-reaction-following-talc-pleurodesis-a-case-report
#18
Tatyana Faynberg, Neha Patel, Amrit P Nayar, Alan J Shienbaum
INTRODUCTION: Talc pleurodesis is a well-established procedure performed to obliterate the pleural space to prevent recurrent pleural effusion and/or recurrent pneumothorax. Pleurodesis is commonly accomplished by draining the pleural fluid, if present, followed by either a mechanical procedure, such as abrasion, pleurectomy, or instillation of a chemical irritant into the pleural space, which results in inflammation and fibrosis which obliterates the pleural space. The reported complications of talc pleurodesis are hypoxemia, hypotension, tachycardia, dyspnea, chest pain, and fever...
March 7, 2017: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257316/pleural-diseases
#19
Stefano Gasparini, Martina Bonifazi
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Due to the increasing burden of pleural diseases worldwide, a personalized cost-effective management of these conditions is essential to optimize the healthcare sources. The current review is focused on latest evidence in diagnostic work-up and management of pleural diseases. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent research highlights the increasing role of thoracic ultrasound in both diagnostic and therapeutic interventions and the potential suitability of cytological sampling from pleural effusions for molecular analysis, essential requirement for a satisfactory test in the era of personalized anticancer therapy...
May 2017: Current Opinion in Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110329/lung-nodule-with-increasing-fluorodeoxyglucose-uptake-in-a-patient-with-a-history-of-lung-carcinoma-and-talc-pleurodesis-evaluated-by-ebus-tbna-on-site-assessment
#20
Elizabeth M Kurian
BACKGROUND: Fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) uptake on positron emission tomography (PET) scan is an indicator of potential malignancy or infection. Patients with a history of talc pleurodesis can develop pleural or lung parenchymal nodules/talcomas. In these patients, talc-associated (non-malignancy-related) FDG uptake may occur over years. CASE REPORT: A 66-year-old female presented with a past medical history significant for resected non-small-cell lung cancer and was treated with chemotherapy/radiation...
2017: Acta Cytologica
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