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American association of orthopaedics surgeons

Jon Hedgecock, P Christopher Cook, John Harrast, Judith F Baumhauer, Brian D Giordano
Hip preservation surgery encompasses various surgical procedures that have the goal of decreasing the progression of osteoarthritis, preserving normal hip function, and delaying the need for arthroplasty. These procedures can encompass arthroscopic, open, and combined techniques. This study investigated the trends and complications associated with open hip preservation surgery performed by candidates undergoing Part II of the American Board of Orthopaedic Surgery examination. The American Board of Orthopaedic Surgery Part II surgeon case database was queried from the years 2003 to 2013 for Current Procedural Terminology (CPT) codes related to open hip preservation surgery in patients 10 years and older...
October 18, 2016: Orthopedics
J Ryan Hill, Braden McKnight, William C Pannell, Nathanael Heckmann, Lakshmanan Sivasundaram, Amir Mostofi, Reza Omid, George F Rick Hatch
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate a large population of shoulder arthroscopy cases in order to provide insight into the risk factors associated with readmission following this common orthopaedic procedure. METHODS: The American College of Surgeons (ACS) National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) database was queried using current procedural terminology (CPT) billing codes to identify all patients older than 18 years of age who underwent shoulder arthroscopy between 2011 and 2013...
September 15, 2016: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
Muyibat A Adelani, Mary I O'Connor
OBJECTIVES: Racial/ethnic disparities in healthcare, including orthopedics, have been extensively documented. However, the level of knowledge among orthopedic surgeons regarding racial/ethnic disparities is unknown. The purpose of this study is to determine the views of orthopedic surgeons on (1) the extent of racial/ethnic disparities in orthopedic care, (2) patient and system factors that may contribute, and (3) the potential role of orthopedic surgeons in the reduction of disparities...
August 29, 2016: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
Raveesh D Richard, Brooke E Maloney, Glen T Feltham
As hip arthroscopy becomes more prevalent, it is imperative to identify potential risks associated with this procedure. In this article, we report a case of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism that developed after hip arthroscopy in a moderate-risk patient with heterozygous factor V Leiden deficiency. The patient concomitantly developed DVT and pulmonary embolism during a 5-day course of treatment with subcutaneous enoxaparin. The American College of Chest Physicians and American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons guidelines on postarthroplasty DVT prophylaxis do not address thromboprophylaxis in hip arthroscopy...
July 2016: American Journal of Orthopedics
Ji-Cheng Gong, Bing-Hua Zhou, Xu Tao, Cheng-Song Yuan, Kang-Lai Tang
BACKGROUND: Tibiotalocalcaneal arthrodesis with headless compression screws has not been previously reported. We hypothesized that these screws could be suitable for tibiotalocalcaneal arthrodesis because of their special design. This study aimed to evaluate the clinical outcomes of patients undergoing tibiotalocalcaneal arthrodesis with headless compression screws for the treatment of severe arthropathy of the ankle and subtalar joint. METHODS: From 2010 to 2015, 23 patients with severe ankle and subtalar arthropathy underwent tibiotalocalcaneal arthrodesis...
2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
A C Dodd, C Bulka, A Jahangir, H R Mir, W T Obremskey, M K Sethi
INTRODUCTION: With the cost of healthcare in the United States reaching $2.9 trillion in 2013 and expected to increase with a growing geriatric population, the Center for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) and Hospital Quality Alliance (HQA) began publicly reporting 30-day mortality rates so that hospitals and physicians may begin to confront clinical problems and promote high-quality and patient-centered care. Though the 30-day mortality is considered a highly effective tool in measuring hospital performance, little data actually exists that explores the rate and risk factors for trauma-related hip and pelvis fractures...
October 2016: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
Col Jeffrey N Davila, Marc F Swiontkowski, Col Ret Romney C Andersen
The symposium Extremity War Injuries X: Return to Health and Function, presented by the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, the Orthopaedic Trauma Association, the Society of Military Orthopaedic Surgeons, and the Orthopaedic Research Society, was held in Washington, DC, on January 27 and 28, 2015. Course chairs Marc F. Swiontkowski, MD, and COL Jeffrey N. Davila, MD, presided over 2 days of general session lectures focusing on war/trauma-related musculoskeletal injuries resulting in service member disability, followed by small group discussions, with a goal of identifying knowledge gaps in the treatment of these injuries...
September 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
Eduardo Martinez-Del-Campo, Jay D Turner, Samuel Kalb, Leonardo Rangel-Castilla, Luis Perez-Orribo, Hector Soriano-Baron, Nicholas Theodore
BACKGROUND: Occipitocervical junction instability can lead to serious neurological injury or death. Open surgical fixation is often necessary to provide definitive stabilization. However, long-term results are limited to small case series. OBJECTIVE: To review the causes of occipitocervical instability, discuss the indications for surgical intervention, and evaluate long-term surgical outcomes after occipitocervical fixation. METHODS: The charts of all patients undergoing posterior surgical fixation of the occipitocervical junction by the senior author were retrospectively reviewed...
October 2016: Neurosurgery
Marielle A Amoli, John M Flynn, Eric W Edmonds, Michael P Glotzbecker, Derek M Kelly, Jeffrey R Sawyer
BACKGROUND: Although the number of women in surgical specialties has increased dramatically over the past two decades, little research exists regarding how a surgeon's gender impacts job selection and practice models. Because the number of women specializing in pediatric orthopaedics continues to increase, it is important to understand how one's gender affects practice choices and how this may affect the future workforce. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: (1) Among pediatric orthopaedic surgeons, is gender associated with choice of practice type (academic, private practice, hospital-based, solo)? (2) For men and women, what are the most common reasons for choosing a job? (3) For new graduates, do men and women have equal starting salaries? (4) Do men have a higher chance of getting job offers? (5) Is there a difference in workload (call frequency and surgical case volume) for men and women? (6) Finally, is there a difference in imminent retirement plans for men and women? METHODS: The 2015 Pediatric Orthopaedic Society of North American (POSNA) Needs Assessment Survey was sent to POSNA members and a special 36-question survey was sent to recent pediatric orthopaedic fellowship graduates...
September 2016: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
Roy H Lan, Atul F Kamath
BACKGROUND: Initiatives led by the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons and the American Association of Hip and Knee Surgeons (AAHKS) have indicated a number of clinical risk factors associated with total joint arthroplasty that might reflect the complexity of contemporary hip and knee care. This study sought to examine the prevalence of specific International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision (ICD-9), coding with respect to an AAHKS-endorsed list of comorbidity codes. METHODS: An administrative data set from an academic arthroplasty referral center was analyzed in an attempt to measure the prevalence of clinical risk factors (ICD-9) endorsed by AAHKS...
May 31, 2016: Journal of Arthroplasty
Kevin J Choo, Paul H Yi, Robert Burns, Rohith Mohan, Kevin Wong
BACKGROUND: Prior studies have demonstrated discrepancies in financial conflict of interest (COI) disclosure among authors presenting research at multiple spine and sports medicine conferences. The purpose of this study was to quantify the variability of self-reported financial disclosures of individual authors presenting at multiple arthroplasty conferences during the same year. METHODS: The author disclosure information published for the 2012 annual meetings of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS), American Association of Hip and Knee Surgeons, the Hip Society, and the Knee Society were compiled...
June 7, 2016: Journal of Arthroplasty
Adam E M Eltorai, Morgan Cheatham, Syed S Naqvi, Siddharth Marthi, Victor Dang, Mark A Palumbo, Alan H Daniels
STUDY DESIGN: Analysis of spine-related patient education materials (PEMs) from subspecialty websites. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the readability of spine-related PEMs and compare to readability data from 2008. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Many spine patients use the Internet for health information. Several agencies recommend that the readability of online PEMs should be no greater than a sixth-grade reading level, as health literacy predicts health-related quality of life outcomes...
June 2016: Spine
Charles S Day, Scott D Boden, Patrick T Knott, Nancy C O'Rourke, Brian W Yang
Growth estimates and demographic shifts of the population of the United States foreshadow a future heightened demand for musculoskeletal care. Although many articles have discussed this growing demand on the musculoskeletal workforce, few address the inevitable need for more musculoskeletal care providers. As we are unable to increase the number of orthopaedic surgeons because of restrictions on graduate medical education slots, physician assistants (PAs) and nurse practitioners (NPs) represent one potential solution to the impending musculoskeletal care supply shortage...
June 1, 2016: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
Kristina L Dunn, Kenneth C Lam, Tamara C Valovich McLeod
UNLABELLED: Reference: Ramski DE, Kanj WW, Franklin CC, Baldwin KD, Ganley TJ. Anterior cruciate ligament tears in children and adolescents: a meta-analysis of nonoperative versus operative treatment. Am J Sports Med. 2014;42(11):2769-2776. Clinical Questions: In pediatric patients, does early operative treatment of an anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury result in decreased knee instability compared with delayed or nonoperative treatment? DATA SOURCES: This review focused on the PubMed/MEDLINE and EMBASE databases...
May 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
Adam E M Eltorai, Nathan P Thomas, Heejae Yang, Alan H Daniels, Christopher T Born
CONTEXT: According to the american medical association (AMA) and the national institutes of health (NIH), the recommended readability of patient education materials should be no greater than a sixth-grade reading level. The online patient education information produced by the american academy of orthopaedic surgeons (AAOS) may be too complicated for some patients to understand. This study evaluated whether the AAOS's online trauma-related patient education materials meet recommended readability guidelines for medical information...
February 2016: Trauma Monthly
Bonnie S Mason, William Ross, Gezzer Ortega, Monique C Chambers, Michael L Parks
BACKGROUND: Women and minorities remain underrepresented in orthopaedic surgery. In an attempt to increase the diversity of those entering the physician workforce, Nth Dimensions implemented a targeted pipeline curriculum that includes the Orthopaedic Summer Internship Program. The program exposes medical students to the specialty of orthopaedic surgery and equips students to be competitive applicants to orthopaedic surgery residency programs. The effect of this program on women and underrepresented minority applicants to orthopaedic residencies is highlighted in this article...
September 2016: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
Lisa K Cannada
BACKGROUND: Orthopaedic fellowship training is a common step before becoming a practicing orthopaedic surgeon. In the past, fellowship decisions in orthopaedics were made early in the residency and without a formal match. The process was disorganized, often not fair to the applicants or fellowship programs. More recently, there has been an organized match process for nine different disciplines in orthopaedics. Although the numbers of women applicants into orthopaedic residency has been reported and is the target of efforts to continue to improve gender diversity in orthopaedics, the numbers regarding women in orthopaedic fellowships have not been known...
September 2016: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
Wang Xiaoping, Zhantu Wei, Jian Huang, Luyao Chen, Shiqiang Hu, Weiwei Wu, Yumin Tu, Sheng Guo, Guotai Xu, Zhicheng Deng
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the application value of three-dimensional reconstruction and virtual preoperative planning for Pilon fractures. METHODS: Between July 2010 and June 2014, 16 patients with closed Pilon fracture were treated, including 12 males and 4 females with an average age of 36.5 years (range, 22-53 years) and a mean disease duration of 10.2 days (range, 6-14 days). According to AO/Orthopaedic Trauma Association (AO/OTA) typing, 2 cases were rated as 43...
January 2016: Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery
Andrew J Rosenbaum, Richard L Uhl, E Anthony Rankin, Michael T Mulligan
The Institute of Medicine considers limited health literacy a "silent epidemic," as approximately half of Americans lack the competencies necessary for making informed decisions regarding their health. Limited health literacy substantially impedes the effective dissemination and comprehension of relevant health information, and also complicates communication, compromises care, and leads to worse patient outcomes. Poor health, early death, and worse control of chronic conditions have also been associated with limited health literacy...
April 6, 2016: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
Jack M Bert, William R Beach, Louis F McIntyre, Ranjan Sachdev
For the past 24 years, most developed countries have used the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD-10) to report physician services. In the United States, physicians have continued to use the American Medical Association Current Procedural Terminology, Fourth Edition and the Healthcare Common Procedure Coding System. The ICD-10-Clinical Modification (CM) has approximately 4.9 times more codes than the International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision. ICD-10-CM allows for more specific descriptors of a procedure and is broken down by category, etiology, anatomic site, severity, and extension...
2016: Instructional Course Lectures
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