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American association of orthopaedics surgeons

Joyce C Zhang, John Matelski, Rajiv Gandhi, Timothy Jackson, David Urbach, Peter Cram
BACKGROUND: The "obesity paradox" is a phenomenon described in prior research in which patients who are obese have been shown to have lower postoperative mortality and morbidity compared with normal-weight individuals. The paradox is that clinical experience suggests that obesity is a risk factor for difficult wound healing and adverse cardiovascular outcomes. We suspect that the obesity paradox may reflect selection bias in which only the healthiest patients who are obese are offered surgery, whereas nonobese surgical patients are comprised of both healthy and unhealthy individuals...
February 14, 2018: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
Mark J Amirtharaj, Dean Wang, Michael H McGraw, Christopher L Camp, Ryan A Degen, David M Dines, Joshua S Dines
PURPOSE: (1) Define the epidemiologic trend of distal clavicle excision (DCE) for acromioclavicular (AC) joint arthritis among board-eligible orthopaedic surgeons in the United States, (2) describe the rates and types of reported complications of open and arthroscopic DCE, and (3) evaluate the effect of fellowship training on preferred technique and reported complication rates. METHODS: The American Board of Orthopaedic Surgery (ABOS) database was used to identify DCE cases submitted by ABOS Part II Board Certification examination candidates...
February 21, 2018: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
P M Bennett, T Stevenson, I D Sargeant, A Mountain, J G Penn-Barwell
OBJECTIVES: The surgical challenge with severe hindfoot injuries is one of technical feasibility, and whether the limb can be salvaged. There is an additional question of whether these injuries should be managed with limb salvage, or whether patients would achieve a greater quality of life with a transtibial amputation. This study aims to measure functional outcomes in military patients sustaining hindfoot fractures, and identify injury features associated with poor function. METHODS: Follow-up was attempted in all United Kingdom military casualties sustaining hindfoot fractures...
February 2018: Bone & Joint Research
Mauricio Silva, Erin M Delfosse, Howard Park, Hemali Panchal, Edward Ebramzadeh
INTRODUCTION: The Appropriate Use Criteria for the treatment of supracondylar humerus fractures (SCHFs), developed by American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, recommends pinning for all type II SCHFs. However, previous studies have suggested that, with close follow-up some of the less severe type II SCHF's can be successfully treated without surgery. Our purpose was to analyze data collected prospectively on a large cohort of type II SCHF's. METHODS: We reviewed clinical and radiographic information on all type II pediatric SCHF (n=1120) that were enrolled in a prospective registry and were followed for a minimum of 8 weeks...
January 24, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
Alexa J Karkenny, Denver A Burton, Kathleen J Maguire, Regina Hanstein, Norman Y Otsuka
PURPOSE: The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS) and the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) both advocate for childhood injury prevention by publishing recommendations to orthopaedic surgeons, pediatricians, and the public. Popular topics of advocacy campaigns have included trampolines, all-terrain vehicles (ATVs), and lawnmowers. The purpose of this study was to investigate the temporal relationship between AAOS/AAP advocacy and pediatric orthopaedic injury rates, using these topics as examples...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
Sheriff D Akinleye, Ryan Krochak, Nicholas Richardson, Garret Garofolo, Maya Deza Culbertson, Orry Erez
PURPOSE: To assess the readability and comprehension of written text by the most commonly visited websites containing patient education materials on common conditions that can be treated arthroscopically. METHODS: We examined 50 websites, assessed independently by 2 orthopaedic surgery residents (S.A. and G.G.), with educational materials on 5 common conditions treated by arthroscopic surgeons: anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tear, meniscus tear, hip labral tear, shoulder labral tear, and rotator cuff tear...
December 26, 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
Victor Rex Carlson, Alvin Chua Ong, Fabio Ramiro Orozco, Victor Hugo Hernandez, Rex William Lutz, Zachary Douglas Post
INTRODUCTION: The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS) published a series of evidence-based guidelines for treatment of knee osteoarthritis (OA). We studied compliance with these guidelines among orthopaedic surgeons. METHODS: We sent a survey to members of the American Association of Hip and Knee Surgeons. It included five clinical vignettes based on the Kellgren-Lawrence radiographic system for classification of knee OA. Respondents selected treatment currently supported or not supported by the AAOS guidelines...
February 1, 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
Qais Naziri, Patrick J Mixa, Daniel P Murray, Preston W Grieco, Emmanuel M Illical, Aditya V Maheshwari, Harpal S Khanuja
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to compare adult reconstruction abstracts presented at the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS) and the American Association of Hip and Knee Surgeons (AAHKS) annual meetings. METHODS: A total of 1355 podium and 1731 poster presentations from the adult reconstruction sections of the AAOS and AAHKS meetings from 2011 to 2015 were reviewed for publication in peer-reviewed literature. Authors who were added or removed from the original abstract and the final manuscript were recorded...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
Aaron M Bowers, Jarryd G Horn, Jared T Scott, Matt J Vassar
BACKGROUND: Subspecialty conferences are an important forum for disseminating the latest research relevant to clinical practice. The purpose of this study was to identify publication rates in podium and poster abstracts for the American Association of Hip and Knee Surgeons (AAHKS) Annual Meeting and to identify the most common journals of publication and the reasons for nonpublication. METHODS: Six hundred ten accepted abstracts (182 podium presentations, 428 posters) from the 2012-2014 AAHKS meetings were searched using Google, Google Scholar, and PubMed...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
Talal Ibrahim, Osama M S Aldahamsheh, Abdelsalam Hegazy, Hassan M K Ghomrawi
PURPOSE: The appropriate-use criteria (AUC) for distal radius fracture (DRF) was developed by the American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons (AAOS) to aid surgeons in making evidence-based treatment decisions for DRFs. The aim of our study was to cross-reference the management of operatively treated DRFs with the web-based AAOS published AUC recommendations. METHODS: The AUC for DRF evaluates the appropriateness of ten treatment options for each of 240 mutually exclusive patient scenarios based on the combination of five factors...
November 20, 2017: International Orthopaedics
Michelle S Shen, Ashley C Dodd, Nikita Lakomkin, Idine Mousavi, Catherine Bulka, A Alex Jahangir, Manish K Sethi
BACKGROUND: Ankle fracture is one of the most common injuries treated by orthopaedic surgeons, and its incidence is only expected to rise with an aging population. It is also associated with often costly complications, yet there is little literature on risk factors, especially modifiable ones, driving these complications. The aim of this study is to reveal whether inpatient treatment after ankle fracture is associated with higher incidence of postoperative complications. As the USA moves towards a bundled payment healthcare system, it is imperative that orthopaedists maximize patient outcome and quality of care while also reducing overall costs...
December 2017: Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology: Official Journal of the Italian Society of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
Daniel L Christensen, Kyle E Nappo, Benjamin Ficke, Scott M Tintle
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine the frequency with which osteoporosis topics (screening, medical treatment, and fracture prevention) are presented at national hand surgery meetings. This was compared with the frequency of the same topics presented at the Orthopaedic Trauma Association (OTA) annual meetings. METHODS: The annual meeting programs for the American Society for Surgery of the Hand (ASSH), the American Association for Hand Surgery (AAHS), and the OTA from the previous 10 years (2007-2016) were searched for presentations that covered bone health at each of these meetings...
October 18, 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery
Joel J Gagnier, Hal Morgenstern
The interpretation and reporting of p values and significance testing in biomedical research are fraught with misconceptions and inaccuracies. Publications of peer-reviewed research in orthopaedics are not immune to such problems. The American Statistical Association (ASA) recently published an official statement on the use, misuse, and misinterpretation of statistical testing and p values in applied research. The ASA statement discussed 6 principles: (1) "P-values can indicate how incompatible the data are with a specified statistical model...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
D L Riddle, R A Perera
OBJECTIVE: The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS) recently published appropriateness criteria for patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA) who are being considered for total knee arthroplasty (TKA). We evaluated the extent to which predictor variables used by the AAOS contribute to final classification, rated as "appropriate," "may be appropriate" or "rarely appropriate." METHODS: The RAND/UCLA Appropriateness method was used by AAOS to develop 864 clinical vignettes, each incorporating eight evidence-based variables associated with TKA outcome or need...
September 6, 2017: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
Shinya Hayashi, Takayuki Nishiyama, Shingo Hashimoto, Tomoyuki Matsumoto, Koji Takayama, Kazunari Ishida, Kotaro Nishida, Ryosuke Kuroda
BACKGROUND: The present study aimed to identify the risk factors associated with revision total hip arthroplasty (THA) failure using a Kerboull-type (KT) plate. METHODS: We analyzed 77 revision THAs using cemented acetabular components with a KT plate for aseptic loosening between May 2000 and March 2012. We examined the association of bone graft type, acetabular bone defects, age at the time of surgery, preoperative Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) score, postoperative JOA hip score, and body mass index, with radiographic failure as the outcome...
September 2, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
I Swarup, C M Henn, J T Nguyen, D M Dines, E V Craig, R F Warren, L V Gulotta, R F Henn
AIMS: Few studies have evaluated the relationship between patients' pre-operative expectations and the outcome of orthopaedic procedures. Our aim was to determine the effect of expectations on the outcome after primary anatomical total shoulder arthroplasty (TSA). We hypothesised that patients with greater expectations would have better outcomes. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients undergoing primary anatomical TSA completed the Hospital for Special Surgery's Shoulder Expectations Survey pre-operatively...
September 2017: Bone & Joint Journal
Ming Han Lincoln Liow, Merrill Lee, Graham Seow-Hng Goh, Li Tat John Chen, Wai-Mun Yue, Chang Ming Guo, Seang Beng Tan
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective matched pair cohort study using prospectively collected registry data. OBJECTIVES: To determine if patients with DM have (1):poorer patient-reported outcomes and;(2):poorer fusion rates after undergoing a single-level ACDF for cervical myelopathy. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Anterior Cervical Discectomy and fusion (ACDF) remains the most common procedure in the treatment of cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM);however, there is a paucity of literature with regards to patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs), health-related quality-of-life (HRQOL) scores and fusion rates post-ACDF in diabetic patients with CSM...
August 29, 2017: Spine
J Joseph Gholson, Nicolas O Noiseux, Jesse E Otero, Yubo Gao, Apurva S Shah
INTRODUCTION: As the United States healthcare system evolves towards improved value delivery, patient outcomes and healthcare costs are increasingly used to evaluate physicians and provider organizations. One such metric is hospital length of stay, which has the potential to be influenced by a variety of patient characteristics and comorbidities. Determining factors influencing length of stay represents an opportunity to increase value in healthcare delivery. METHODS: The American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS NSQIP) database (2006-2012) was utilized to identify a cohort of 92,266 patients having one of 14 common orthopaedic procedures...
2017: Iowa Orthopaedic Journal
James C Kyriakedes, Eugene Y Tsai, Douglas S Weinberg, Charles C Yu, Harry A Hoyen, Kevin Malone, Blaine T Bafus
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to determine whether the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons' (AAOS) Appropriate Use Criteria (AUC) for distal radius fractures correlates with actual treatment by orthopedic hand surgeons at a level I trauma center. METHODS: ICD-9 codes were used to retrospectively identify patients who presented with wrist fractures over 1 year. Patients with isolated distal radius fractures were evaluated using the AAOS AUC application for distal radius fractures...
February 1, 2017: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
Matthew B Cantlon, Andrew J Miller, Asif M Ilyas
BACKGROUND: There is a lack of consensus as to which subspecialty service should cover acute upper extremity injuries in the emergency department (ED). The purpose of the present study is to understand how upper extremity injuries are currently triaged to specialists and to assess the current opinion among hand and orthopedic trauma specialists as to how these injuries should be best triaged based on injury location and severity. METHODS: The American Association for Hand Surgery (AAHS) membership and Orthopaedic Trauma Association (OTA) membership were surveyed using a 28-item online questionnaire...
January 1, 2017: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
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